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1.
J Optom ; 13(1): 50-58, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680039

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the impact of ocular biometric variables on the visual performance achieved with a low addition trifocal intraocular lens (MIOL). METHODS: Retrospective observational study including 34 eyes. Preoperative measured variables included mean corneal power (Km), corneal regular astigmatism (RA), anterior chamber depth (ACD), axial length (AXL), total irregular astigmatism (IA), spherical aberration (SA) and distance from pupil center to vertex normal (µ). Same variables were retrieved from the three month visit follow-up in addition to the actual lens position (ALP), the calculated effective addition (EA), the IOL centration from vertex normal (d), and the visual acuity defocus curve. The area under the defocus curve was computed along the total curve (TAUC) and ranges for far (FAUC), intermediate (IAUC) and near vision (NAUC). The sample was split in two groups of 17 eyes with TAUCs above and below the mean, and the differences among groups for different ocular parameters were assessed. RESULTS: The group of eyes above TAUC of 2.03 logMAR*m-1 showed significantly lower Km and greater AXL and SA. Km was negatively correlated with TAUC and NAUC. NAUC was negatively correlated with IA and positively with d. A multiple lineal regression model including Km, d, and IA predicted NAUC (r-square = 34%). No significant differences between IA and SA were found between preoperative and postoperative values but µ significantly decreased after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The mean corneal power, irregular astigmatism, and centration from vertex normal should be considered for optimizing the near visual performance with this MIOL.

2.
J Refract Surg ; 35(12): 789-795, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830295

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the prediction of visual performance based on the modulation transfer function area (MTFa) calculated with optical simulations is better correlated with visual acuity or contrast sensitivity obtained from defocus curves in patients implanted with a trifocal intraocular lens. METHODS: Biometric eye data from 43 patients were used to create a mean eye model. A trifocal intraocular lens with a power obtained from the mean of the eyes implanted was incorporated into the model and the MTFa was calculated at the 11 defocus planes corresponding the 11 defocus locations measured in clinical practice. Simulations were conducted for pupil diameters of 2.5, 3, 3.5, and 4 mm. The MTFa correlation with visual acuity and contrast sensitivity was evaluated with the mean obtained after stratification of the clinical sample in four groups according to the previous pupil diameters. RESULTS: A linear model predicted the visual acuity and contrast sensitivity from MTFa with similar accuracy to nonlinear models, with R2 approximately 0.50 for visual acuity and approximately 0.42 for contrast sensitivity. A change of -0.01 logMAR and -0.02 logC was produced per unit of MTFa for visual acuity and contrast sensitivity, respectively. The mean difference between the visual acuity and contrast sensitivity obtained from the model and that measured in clinical practice was close to zero, but the bias varied depending on the defocus lens used, with higher deviation at -0.50 and -3.00 diopters of defocus. CONCLUSIONS: The MTFa obtained from optical simulations can be used to predict the mean visual acuity and contrast sensitivity consistently, with contrast sensitivity being more sensitive but with higher bias. [J Refract Surg. 2019;35(12):789-795.].

3.
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 69(11): 435-441, 1 dic., 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET2-4186

RESUMO

Introducción: Las ganglionopatías o neuronopatías sensoriales son enfermedades subagudas adquiridas del ganglio raquídeo dorsal, frecuentemente asociadas con trastornos disinmunes y paraneoplásicos, y agentes tóxicos. Los pacientes presentan alteración sensorial de distribución asimétrica y ataxia temprana. La identificación temprana es esencial, ya que pueden anunciar una neoplasia subyacente o una enfermedad autoinmune. Objetivo. Estudiar las asimetrías del potencial de acción nervioso sensitivo (SNAP) de pares de nervios y la relación de amplitud del potencial de acción sensitivomotor del nervio cubital (USMAR) con estudios electroneurofisiológicos seriados para el diagnóstico precoz de las ganglionopatías sensoriales. Pacientes y métodos: Se estudió retrospectivamente a siete pacientes con ganglionopatías sensoriales con estudios electroneurofisiológicos: cuatro casos paraneoplásicos con positividad para anticuerpos onconeuronales, uno asociado al síndrome de Sjögren y dos idiopáticos. Resultados: Los estudios electroneurofisiológicos mostraron afectación sensorial axonal en todos los casos, con asimetría mayor del 50% en la amplitud de SNAP en dos pares de nervios en cuatro casos y motor normal con USMAR < 0,71 en cinco casos. Los estudios electroneurofisiológicos seriados fueron esenciales en el diagnóstico de dos casos en el inicio de la enfermedad con síntomas sensoriales leves. Conclusiones: Este trabajo evidencia la importancia del estudio de asimetrías en la amplitud del SNAP de pares de nervios, la USMAR y los estudios electroneurofisiológicos seriados en el diagnóstico temprano de ganglionopatías sensoriales, para la consiguiente identificación de los anticuerpos disinmunes y onconeuronales con afectación del sistema nervioso periférico y la búsqueda de neoplasia oculta


Introduction: Sensory ganglionopathies or sensory neuronopathies are subacute acquired diseases of the dorsal root ganglion, frequently associated with disinmune, paraneoplastic and toxic agents. Patients present sensory alteration of asymmetric distribution and early ataxia. Early identification is essential, as they may announce an underlying neoplasia or autoimmune disease. Aim: To study asymmetries of the sensory nervous action potential (SNAP) of nerve pairs and the relationship amplitude of ulnar sensory/ulnar motor potential (USMAR) with serial electroneurophysiological studies for the early diagnosis of sensory ganglionopathies. Patients and methods: Six patients with sensory ganglionopathies were retrospectively studied with electroneurophysiological studies: four paraneoplastic cases with positivity for onconeuronal antibodies, one associated with Sjögren’s syndrome and two idiopathic. Results: Electroneurophysiological studies showed axonal sensory involvement in all cases, with asymmetry > 50% in SNAP amplitude in two pairs of nerves in four cases and normal motor with USMAR < 0.71 in five cases. Serial electroneurophysiological studies were essential in the diagnosis of two cases in the beginning of the disease with mild sensory symptoms. Conclusions: This work evidences the importance of the study of asymmetries in the amplitude of the SNAP of nerve pairs, the USMAR and the serial electroneurophysiological studies in the early diagnosis of sensory ganglionopathies, to further identification of the disinmune and onconeuronal associated antibodies with the nervous system affection to search for hidden neoplasia

4.
Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581356

RESUMO

Intraocular lens (IOL) opacification is an infrequent complication of cataract surgery. Surface analysis has demonstrated that the opacification of IOLs is related to calcium or phosphate precipitation on or within the lenses, but the associated mechanisms are unknown, and the scientific literature is heterogeneous and limited to case series and retrospective studies. The purpose of this systematic review was to analyse the most frequent conditions associated with opacification of IOLs reported by studies. A search was carried out using the PubMed MEDLINE, Web of Science and Scopus databases. The quality of the studies selected was evaluated using the Pierson tool. The search provided a total of 811 articles, of which 39 were selected following the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The most common opacified lenses were hydrophilic IOLs according to our analysis. The mean time of appearance of lens opacification was 14.93 ± 17.82 months. The most frequent conditions associated with opacification of the IOLs were Descemet Stripping with Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK/DSEK) and diabetes mellitus (DM), followed by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), blood hypertension (HT), and glaucoma. Concerning the quality analysis, the mean score was 7.00 ± 1.43 (scoring range from 0 to 10), indicating an acceptable quality of the case reports and retrospective studies. In conclusion, DSAEK/DSEK, DM, PPV, glaucoma and hypertension are conditions with potential risk of IOL opacification after cataract surgery, especially when implanting hydrophilic acrylic IOLs.

5.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 91(4): 251-255, oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET2-3971

RESUMO

Introducción: La persistencia de ductus arterioso (PDA), se considera un factor de riesgo para enterocolitis necrosante (ECN) y otras complicaciones digestivas en prematuros. El objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar si existe un mayor riesgo de cirugía abdominal y morbimortalidad asociada en prematuros que precisaron tratamiento debido a una PDA significativa. Metodología: Estudio observacional, analítico y retrospectivo incluyendo prematuros menores de 37 semanas de gestación, con diagnóstico de PDA en los últimos 10 años. En función del tratamiento recibido, los pacientes fueron divididos en 3 grupos: tratamiento médico (A), tratamiento médico y quirúrgico (B) y sin tratamiento (C). Se analizaron variables pre y perinatales, incidencia de complicaciones digestivas (ECN y necesidad de cirugía por este motivo) y mortalidad global. Resultados: Se obtuvo una muestra de 144 pacientes: 91 se asignaron al grupo A, 16 al B y 37 al C. La edad gestacional media por grupos fue de 28, 26,7 y 30,1 semanas. El peso medio al nacer fue de 1.083,9, 909,3 y 1471,2g, respectivamente. En cuanto a la incidencia de ECN, se encontraron un total de 21, 5 y 5 casos en cada grupo, precisando cirugía abdominal un 43, 60 y 35%, respectivamente. La mortalidad por grupos fue del 12, 19 y 3%. Conclusiones: Los pacientes que precisaron tratamiento por PDA, presentaron una mayor incidencia de complicaciones digestivas y una mayor mortalidad que los pacientes no tratados, sin embargo, no encontramos diferencias estadísticamente significativas. En el grupo de pacientes que requirieron tratamiento, la menor edad gestacional y peso al nacer, podrían explicar el incremento de la morbimortalidad encontrada en estos pacientes


Introduction: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is considered a risk factor for necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and other gastrointestinal complications in preterm infants. The aim of this study is to determine whether there is a higher incidence of abdominal surgery and the associated morbidity and mortality in preterm infants who require treatment due to a significant PDA. Methods: An observational study was conducted that included preterm infants with <37 weeks of gestational age, and a diagnosis of PDA in the last 10 years. Depending on the treatment received, the patients were divided into 3 groups: medical (A), medical and surgical (B), and no treatment (C). An analysis was performed on the pre- and peri-natal variables, as well as the incidence of gastrointestinal complications (NEC, and need for surgery for this reason), and overall mortality. Results: The study included a sample of 144 patients, of whom 91 were assigned to group A, 16 to B, and 37 to C. The mean gestational age by groups was 28, 26.7, and 30.1 weeks, respectively. The mean birth weight was 1083.9 gr, 909.3 gr, and 1471.2 gr, respectively. As regards the incidence of NEC, a total of 21, 5, and 5 cases, respectively, were found in each group, with 43%, 60% and 35%, respectively requiring abdominal surgery. Mortality by groups was 12%, 19%, and 3%, respectively Conclusion: Patients who required treatment for a significant PDA had a higher incidence of gastrointestinal complications and higher mortality than untreated patients, with no statistically significant differences being found. In the group of patients that required treatment, lower gestational age and birth weight, could explain the increase in morbidity and mortality found in these patients

6.
Endocr Connect ; 8(9): 1240-1249, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484160

RESUMO

Background: Non-adherence to r-hGH treatments occurs in a variable percentage of subjects. One problem found when evaluating adherence is the great variability in methods of detection and definitions utilized in studies. This study assessed the level of adherence in subjects receiving r-hGH with the easypod™ electronic device. Methods: National, multicenter, prospective and observational study involving 238 subjects (144 with GH deficiency (GHD), and 86 with small for gestational age (SGA), 8 with Turner Syndrome), who received r-hGH with easypod™ for at least 3 months before inclusion. The follow-up period was 4 years. Results: Overall adherence was 94.5%; 97.5% after 6 months, 95.3% after 1 year, 93.7% after 2, 94.4% after 3 and 95.5% after 4 years of treatment. No differences in adherence were observed between prepubertal and pubertal groups and GHD and SGA groups. Change in height after 1 and 2 years, change in height SDS after 1 and 2 years, HV after 1 year, HV SDS after at 1 and 4 years, change in BMI after 1 year and change in BMI SDS at 1 and 2 years showed significant correlation with adherence. No significant differences in adherence according to IGF-I levels were found in follow-up visits or between groups. Conclusions: The easypod™ electronic device, apart from being a precise and objective measure of adherence to r-hGH treatment, allows high compliance rates to be achieved over long periods of time. Adherence significantly impacts growth outcomes associated with r-hGH treatment.

7.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 42(9): 527-533, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421857

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyse the effect of a delay attributable to the healthcare system on a consecutive cohort of outpatients diagnosed with colorectal cancer in the healthcare area of Ourense (Spain). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study that included patients diagnosed between 2009 and 2017. Delay attributable to the healthcare system was defined as the time between the first consultation with symptoms and the diagnostic confirmation. A logistic regression model was performed to evaluate the relationship between stage IV CRC and diagnostic delay. To analyse which variables were associated independently with overall mortality and mortality due to CRC we used a Cox regression model. RESULTS: 575 patients were included (men 64.5%, age 71.9 ± 11.5 years), with a delay attributable to the healthcare system of 115 ± 153 days. None of the variables analysed were associated with tumour stage at diagnosis. With a mean follow-up of 30.6 ± 21 months, 121 patients died (79.3% due to CRC). The variables independently associated with CRC-related mortality were metastatic CRC (HR 50.65, 95% CI 12.28-209), age (HR 1.04, 95% CI 1.02-1.05) and colonoscopy requested from the Primary Healthcare level (HR 0.55, 95% CI 0.36-0.88). CONCLUSIONS: Diagnostic delay attributable to the healthcare system is not related to the prognosis or stage of CRC. However, a direct referral to colonoscopy from the Primary Healthcare level reduces the risk of mortality in our patients.

8.
J Chromatogr A ; 1607: 460442, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427137

RESUMO

This paper describes a new method for the effective extraction of the residues of five synthetic phenolic antioxidants (AOs): Ditertbutylphenol (DTF), Irganox 1010, Irganox 1076, Ethanox 330 and Cyanox 1790, from industrial water produced during the polypropylene (PP) deodorization process. In the deordorization process, PP is stored in a column for an average time of four hours and exposed to nitrogen and water vapor to remove inflammable compounds which may generate atypical odors in the PP. The samples of interest were taken in the desorber, followed by cleansing and pre-concentration using modified styrene divinylbenzene polymer cartridges. Liquid chromatography was performed with a reversed phase column and diode array. The method was validated for linearity, recovery, precision, specificity, limits of detection (LOD) and limits of quantification (LOQ). The chromatographic method showed LOQ from 5.4 to 16 mg L-1 and LOD between 1.6 and 4.8 mg L-1. The worldwide challenge to develop an analytical methodology which incorporates SPE with HPLC to identify and quantify AOs in industrial wastewater is addressed in this study. The recovery percentages were above 90% for most AOs, except for Irganox 1076 which showed a value of 83.2%. The ability to separate these five AOs of most frequent use worldwide, permits precision of measurement of the degree of contamination, making it useful for environmental regulation and the protection of public health.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Fenóis/análise , Polipropilenos/química , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Águas Residuárias/química , Calibragem , Limite de Detecção , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
11.
J Ophthalmol ; 2019: 2796126, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218083

RESUMO

Purpose: To identify the sources of error in predictability beyond the effective lens position and to develop two new thick lens equations. Methods: Retrospective observational case series with 43 eyes. Information related to the actual lens position, corneal radii measured with specular reflection and Scheimpflug-based technologies, and the characteristics of the implanted lenses (radii and thickness) were used for obtaining the fictitious indexes that better predicted the postoperative spherical equivalent (SE) when the real effective lens position (ELP) was known. These fictitious indexes were used to develop two thick lens equations that were compared with the predictability of SRK/T and Barrett Universal II. Results: The SE relative to the intended target was correlated to the difference between real ELP and the value estimated by SRK/T (ΔELP) (r = -0.47, p=0.002), but this only predicted 22% of variability in a linear regression model. The fictitious index for the specular reflection (n k) and Scheimpflug-based devices (n c) were significantly correlated with axial length. Including both indexes fitted to axial length in the prediction model with the ΔELP increased the r-square of the model up to 83% and 39%, respectively. Equations derived from these fictitious indexes reduced the mean SE in comparison to SRK/T and Barrett Universal II. Conclusions: The predictability with the trifocal IOL evaluated is not explained by an error in the ELP. An adjustment fitting the fictitious index with the axial length improves the predictability without false estimations of the ELP.

13.
Clin Ophthalmol ; 13: 811-819, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118559

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare systemic exposure to tropicamide/phenylephrine following intracameral or topical administration before cataract surgery. Patients and methods: Mydriatics exposure was calculated in patients randomized to intracameral fixed combination of mydriatics and anesthetic ([ICMA]: tropicamide 0.02%, phenylephrine 0.31%, and lidocaine 1%, N=271) or mydriatic eye drops ([EDs]: tropicamide 0.5% and phenylephrine 10%, N=283). Additional doses were permitted if required. Mydriatic plasma levels were determined by mass spectrometric HPLC in 15 patients per group before and after administration. Results: Most ICMA patients (73.6%) received a single dose (200 µL) representing an exposure to tropicamide of 0.04 mg and phenylephrine of 0.62 mg. None of these patients received additional mydriatics. In the control group (three administrations), the exposure was 0.45 (11.3-fold higher than ICMA) and 10.2 (16.5-fold higher) mg. When additional ED was used in this group (9.2% of patients), it was 37.5-fold higher for tropicamide (10 drops, 1.5 mg) and 54.8-fold higher for phenylephrine (10 drops, 34 mg) than the recommended ICMA dose. Tropicamide plasma levels were not detectable at any time point in ICMA patients while it was detectable in all ED patients at 12 and 30 minutes. Phenylephrine was detectable in 14.3% of ICMA patients compared to all ED patients at least at one time point. More ED patients experienced a meaningful increase in blood pressure and/or heart rate (11.2% vs 6.0% of ICMA patients; P=0.03). Conclusion: Systemic exposure to tropicamide/phenylephrine was lower and cardiovascular (CV) effects were less frequent with ICMA. This could be of particular significance in patients at CV risk.

14.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(4)2019 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987125

RESUMO

Transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramic films and self-supported layers with composition 80SiO2-20LaF3 doped with Er3+ have been successfully synthesized by sol-gel process for the first time. Crack-free films and self-supported layer with a maximum thickness up to 1.4 µm were obtained after heat treatment at the low temperature of 550 °C for 1 min, resulting in a LaF3 crystal fraction of 18 wt%, as confirmed by quantitative Rietveld refinement. This is the highest value reported up to now for transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics prepared by sol-gel. This work provides a new synthesis strategy and opens the way to a wide range of potential applications of oxyfluoride glass-ceramics. The characterization by a wide range of techniques revealed the homogeneous precipitation of LaF3 nanocrystals into the glass matrix. X-ray absorption spectroscopy and electron paramagnetic resonance confirmed that the Er3+ ions are preferentially embedded in the low phonon-energy LaF3 nanocrystals. Moreover, photoluminescence (PL) measurements confirmed the incorporation of dopants in the LaF3 nanocrystals. The effective concentration of rare-earth ions in the LaF3 nanocrystals is also estimated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy.

15.
J Refract Surg ; 35(4): 214-221, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30984978

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the standard clinical outcomes, defocus curves, and satisfaction obtained with a new diffractive low addition trifocal intraocular lens (IOL). METHODS: Thirty patients who were implanted with the Versario Multifocal 3F IOL (Valeant Med Sp.zo.o., Warsaw, Poland) were recruited for a prospective observational study at Qvision, Vithas Virgen del Mar Hospital, Almería, Spain. Variables for reporting standard outcomes were collected at the 1-month visit for monocular vision and the 3-month visit for binocular vision, including best spectacle refraction and corrected and uncorrected visual acuities at far, intermediate (67 cm), and near (40 cm) distances. In addition, monocular and binocular visual acuity defocus curves were measured and questionnaires for grading subjective visual quality, satisfaction, and visual function were supplied at the end of the follow-up. RESULTS: Monocular corrected distance visual acuity decreased progressively from far (-0.05 logMAR) to near (0.25 logMAR) and improved approximately -0.1 logMAR along the defocus curve in binocular vision. The mean residual spherical equivalent (SE) was 0.15 ± 0.47 diopters (D), with 79% of eyes within ±0.50 D and 97% within ±1.00 D with the SRK/T formula. All of the visual function tasks improved after surgery, especially driving at night, which increased from 58 to 79 (P < .05). Of 27 patients, 84.4% were satisfied or very satisfied with their general vision. CONCLUSIONS: This new lens was similar in terms of visual performance and satisfaction to other trifocal IOLs. It can be classified as a trifocal extended depth of focus IOL because of the performance between extended depth of focus IOLs and medium-high addition trifocal IOLs. [J Refract Surg. 2019;35(4):214-221.].


Assuntos
Implante de Lente Intraocular , Lentes Intraoculares Multifocais , Facoemulsificação , Pseudofacia/fisiopatologia , Visão Binocular/fisiologia , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Perfil de Impacto da Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 108(5): e325-e327, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30926474

RESUMO

This case report describes a primary cardiac tumor, classified as venous malformation, diagnosed in an asymptomatic child. The tumor was located in the left atrium near the mitral valve without affecting the mitral valve's functioning. Complete resection of the lesion was performed because of the risk of systemic embolism. The lesion consisted of fibrous tissue with multiple venous vascular channels. The patient did not have similar lesions in other locations. Vascular primary cardiac tumors are extremely rare. Hemangiomas and lymphangiomas have been described previously, but to our knowledge, this is the first primary cardiac tumor identified as a venous malformation.

17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 1708, 2019 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30737412

RESUMO

The seasonal timing of recurring biological processes is essential for organisms living in temperate regions. While ample knowledge of these processes exists for terrestrial environments, seasonal timing in the marine environment is relatively understudied. Here, we characterized the annual rhythm of habitat use in six fish species belonging to the Sparidae family, highlighting the main environmental variables that correlate to such rhythms. The study was conducted at a coastal artificial reef through a cabled observatory system, which allowed gathering underwater time-lapse images every 30 minutes consecutively over 3 years. Rhythms of fish counts had a significant annual periodicity in four out of the six studied species. Species-specific temporal patterns were found, demonstrating a clear annual temporal niche partitioning within the studied family. Temperature was the most important environmental variable correlated with fish counts in the proximity of the artificial reef, while daily photoperiod and salinity were not important. In a scenario of human-induced rapid environmental change, tracking phenological shifts may provide key indications about the effects of climate change at both species and ecosystem level. Our study reinforces the efficacy of underwater cabled video-observatories as a reliable tool for long-term monitoring of phenological events.

18.
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 91(4): 251-255, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30777716

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is considered a risk factor for necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and other gastrointestinal complications in preterm infants. The aim of this study is to determine whether there is a higher incidence of abdominal surgery and the associated morbidity and mortality in preterm infants who require treatment due to a significant PDA. METHODS: An observational study was conducted that included preterm infants with <37 weeks of gestational age, and a diagnosis of PDA in the last 10 years. Depending on the treatment received, the patients were divided into 3 groups: medical (A), medical and surgical (B), and no treatment (C). An analysis was performed on the pre- and peri-natal variables, as well as the incidence of gastrointestinal complications (NEC, and need for surgery for this reason), and overall mortality. RESULTS: The study included a sample of 144 patients, of whom 91 were assigned to group A, 16 to B, and 37 to C. The mean gestational age by groups was 28, 26.7, and 30.1 weeks, respectively. The mean birth weight was 1083.9 gr, 909.3 gr, and 1471.2 gr, respectively. As regards the incidence of NEC, a total of 21, 5, and 5 cases, respectively, were found in each group, with 43%, 60% and 35%, respectively requiring abdominal surgery. Mortality by groups was 12%, 19%, and 3%, respectively CONCLUSION: Patients who required treatment for a significant PDA had a higher incidence of gastrointestinal complications and higher mortality than untreated patients, with no statistically significant differences being found. In the group of patients that required treatment, lower gestational age and birth weight, could explain the increase in morbidity and mortality found in these patients.

19.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 67(3): 344-349, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30777951

RESUMO

Purpose: To assess the agreement in the white-to-white (WTW) measurement with two different devices, the reproducibility and the probability of confusing sizing (PCS) in selecting a different implantable collamer lens (ICL). Study Design: Retrospective observational case series. Methods: Images of 192 eyes were captured with both devices. The WTW was measured automatically (OA) and manually (OM) with the Orbscan and Keratograph (KA and KM) by one examiner who repeated a total of four measures. A second examiner conducted a single manual measure for each device over the same image. The ICL sizing was computed for each measure of WTW and the PCS was calculated as the percentage of cases for which the confronted or repeated measure resulted in a different size of the ICL. The critical WTWs with highest PCS were identified. Results: KM overestimated the WTW versus OM in 0.13 ± 0.18 mm (P < 0.001) but not in the automated method comparison, 0.01 ± 0.19 mm (P = 0.58). Inter-examiner reproducibility (R) was higher with OM than with KM, and the intra-examiner R decreased with the average of two measures in both cases. The PCS was higher with the increase of mean differences, the limits of agreement (LoAs), and R. WTWs from 11.1 to 11.2 mm, 11.6 to 11.7 mm, and 12.3 to 12.4 mm resulted in higher PCS. Conclusion: The mean difference is not enough to apply conversions between devices and the LoAs and R should be considered. Special attention should be taken for WTWs with higher PCS.


Assuntos
Câmara Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Biometria/métodos , Miopia/diagnóstico , Lentes Intraoculares Fácicas , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Miopia/cirurgia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30691947

RESUMO

Our hospital is the nuclear medicine referral hospital for radioisotopic synoviorthesis for all of Castilla-La Mancha. OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience in the performance of radioisotopic synoviorthesis for arthritis refractory to other treatments in our hospital. METHODOLOGY: Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study protocolised through the review of the database of radioisotopic synoviorthesis performed between 2007 and 2017. Previous clinical data were collected (age, sex, pathology, previous treatments, previous infiltration and affected joint), and progress at 6 months after administering the isotope. An Excel database was created for a frequency analysis with SPSS 21. RESULTS: 30 radiosynovitis interventions were performed. The most frequent pathologies in this order were: pigmented villonodular synovitis (40%), rheumatoid arthritis (23.3%), spondyloarthritis (13.3%), osteoarthritis (10%) and nonspecific arthritis (6.7%), followed by systemic lupus erythematosus and gout. After 6 months, 56.7% of the patients improved compared to 36.7% who remained the same. Likewise, none of them presented complications related to the procedure. Six point six percent of the patients were lost to follow-up. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: In patients with episodes of recurrent arthritis with associated joint effusion in one or two joints, refractory to systemic treatments, to local infiltrations with corticosteroids and for patients for whom other treatments may be contraindicated, we must consider the possibility of performing an isotope radiosinoviortesis, as it is a simple, safe technique with a success rate of more than 50%.

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