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Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 48(1): 22-27, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29422324


OBJECTIVE: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is one of the most serious complications of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the present study, we aimed to assess the efficacy of abatacept (ABA) in patients with ILD associated to RA. METHODS: National multicenter, non-controlled, open-label registry study of RA patients with ILD treated with ABA. RESULTS: 63 patients (36 women) with RA-associated ILD undergoing ABA therapy were studied. The mean ± standard deviation age at the time of the study was 63.2 ± 9.8 years. The median duration of RA and ILD from diagnosis were 6.8 and 1 year, respectively. RA was seropositive in 55 patients (87.3%). In 15 (23.8%) of 63 patients the development of ILD was closely related to the administration of synthetic or biologic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. After a follow-up of 9.4 ± 3.2 months, two-thirds of patients remained stable whereas one-quarter experienced improvement in the Modified Medical Research Council scale. At that time forced vital capacity remained stable in almost two-thirds of patents and improved in one out of five patients assessed. Also, diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide remained stable in almost two-thirds and showed improvement in a quarter of the patients assessed. At 12 months, 50% of the 22 patients in whom chest HRCT scan was performed due persistence of respiratory symptoms showed stabilization, 8 (36.4%) improvement and 3 worsening of the HRCT scan pattern. Eleven of 63 patients had to discontinue ABA, mainly due to adverse events. CONCLUSION: ABA appears to be an effective in RA-associated ILD.

Abatacepte/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(5): 856-864, 2018 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29471416


Objective: To assess the efficacy of tocilizumab (TCZ) in refractory uveitis of Behçet's disease (BD). Methods: Multicentre study of patients with BD-associated uveitis. Patients were refractory to conventional and biologic immunosuppressive drugs. The main outcome measures were intraocular inflammation, macular thickness, visual acuity and corticosteroid-sparing effects. Results: We studied 11 patients (7 men) (20 affected eyes); median age 35 years. Uveitis was bilateral in nine patients. The patterns of ocular involvement were panuveitis (n = 8, with retinal vasculitis in 4), anterior uveitis (n = 2) and posterior uveitis (n = 1). Cystoid macular oedema was present in seven patients. The clinical course was recurrent (n = 7) or chronic (n = 4). Before TCZ, patients had received systemic corticosteroids, conventional immunosuppressants and the following biologic agents: adalimumab (n = 8), infliximab (n = 4), canakimumab (n = 1), golimumab (n = 3), etanercept (n = 1). TCZ was used as monotherapy or combined with conventional immunosuppressants at 8 mg/kg/i.v./4 weeks (n = 10) or 162 mg/s.c./week (n = 1). At TCZ onset the following extraocular manifestations were present: oral and/or genital ulcers (n = 7), arthritis (n = 4), folliculitis/pseudofolliculitis (n = 4), erythema nodosum (n = 2), livedo reticularis (n = 1) and neurological involvement (n = 2). TCZ yielded rapid and maintained improvement in all ocular parameters of the patients, with complete remission in eight of them. However, this was not the case for the extraocular manifestations, since TCZ was only effective in three of them. After a mean (s.d.) follow-up of 9.5 (8.05) months, TCZ was withdrawn in two cases, due to a severe infusion reaction and arthritis impairment, respectively. Conclusion: TCZ could be a therapeutic option in patients with BD and refractory uveitis.

Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Receptores de Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/diagnóstico , Uveíte/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36(2): 302-309, 2018 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29303699


OBJECTIVES: Due to the high incidence of cardiovascular disease in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), the search of potential biomarkers that may help to identify patients with high cardiovascular risk is of main importance. Therefore, in this study we assessed the implication of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and sclerostin (SCL), two biomarkers associated with cardiovascular disease and bone metabolism, in the clinical spectrum and atherosclerotic disease of patients with axSpA. METHODS: OPG and SCL serum levels were determined in 163 axSpA Spanish patients (119 ankylosing spondylitis and 44 non-radiographic axSpA) and 63 healthy controls by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Carotid ultrasound was performed in axSpA patients to determine the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis (by the identification of abnormally increased carotid intima-media thickness [cIMT] and presence of plaques). RESULTS: Patients displayed higher OPG but lower SCL levels than controls (p=0.02 and 0.001, respectively). Association of these molecules with some metabolic syndrome features was seen. In this regard, OPG negatively correlated with body mass index (p=0.04) whereas SCL levels were higher in hypertensive patients (p=0.01) and in men (p=0.002). However, serum OPG and SCL were not significantly correlated with cIMT values or presence of plaques when data were adjusted by age at the time of the study, sex, classic cardiovascular risk factors and anti-TNF therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest an association of OPG and SCL in axSpA with some metabolic syndrome features that are associated with an increased risk of CV disease.

Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Osteoprotegerina/sangue , Espondilartrite/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36(4): 652-657, 2018 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29303704


OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of golimumab (GLM), a fully humanised anti-TNF-α monoclonal antibody, in refractory juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis. METHODS: This was a multicentre study of JIA-associated uveitis refractory to standard synthetic immunosuppressive drugs and in most cases to other anti-TNF-α agents. Results were expressed as mean±standard deviation or as median (range or interquartile range). The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare continuous variables. A literature review of the efficacy of GLM in uveitis related to JIA was also conducted. RESULTS: We studied 7 patients (5 females; mean age 21.7±7.5 years; 13 affected eyes). Uveitis was bilateral in 6. Cystoid macular oedema (CME) occurred in 3 patients (5 eyes). Besides corticosteroids and synthetic immunosuppressive drugs, patients had received before GLM a median of 2 biologic agents (range 0-3) including adalimumab (n=6), etanercept (n=2), infliximab (n=3) and abatacept (n=2). GLM dose was 50 mg/sc every 4 weeks. After 6 months of therapy the number of anterior chamber cells decreased from 1 [0.25-1.5] to 0 [0-0.5] (p=0.02) and optical coherence tomography (in patients with CME) from 313.6±77.05 to 261.4±75.1 µm (p=0.03). The best-corrected visual acuity increased from 0.5 to 0.62 (p=0.018). Complete remission of uveitis was achieved in 4 of 7 patients after 16.8±11.4 months of follow-up. However, 2 of the seven patients had to be switched to tocilizumab due to inefficacy. Local erythema at the injection site was observed in 2. CONCLUSIONS: GLM may be considered in the management of refractory JIA-related uveitis.

Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/complicações , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Uveíte/fisiopatologia , Acuidade Visual