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1.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of infliximab (IFX) versus adalimumab (ADA) as first biologic drug in a large series of patients with refractory uveitis due to Behçet's disease (BD) for 1-year period. METHODS: Open-label multicenter study of IFX or ADA-treated patients with BD-uveitis refractory to conventional non-biologic treatment. IFX or ADA were chosen as first biologic treatment based on physician and patient agreement. Dosing schedule was: IFX: 3-5 mg/kg i.v. at 0, 2 and 6 weeks and every 4-8 weeks thereafter, and ADA: 40 mg/s.c./every other week without loading dose. Comparison between patients treated with IFX and patients treated with ADA was performed. RESULTS: 177 patients (316 affected eyes) were included. IFX was used in 103 and ADA in 74 cases. No significant differences at baseline were observed between IFX vs ADA groups regarding main demographic features, previous therapy and ocular severity. After one year of therapy, we observed an improvement in all ocular parameters in both groups. However, ADA therapy yielded better outcome in some parameters that in some cases yielded statistically significant differences: anterior chamber inflammation (78.18% in IFX-treated vs 92.31%in ADA-treated; p=0.06), vitritis (78.95% vs 93.33%; p=0.04), retinal vasculitis (97% vs 95%; p=0.28), macular thickness (264.89±59.74 vs 250.62±36.85; p=0.15), best-corrected visual acuity (0.67±0.34 vs 0.81±0.26; p=0.001), and drug retention (84.95% vs 95.24%; p=0.042). CONCLUSION: Although IFX and ADA yields efficacy refractory BD uveitis, ADA appears to be associated with better outcome than IFX after one-year follow-up. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2018 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30299251

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and genetic characteristics associated with the presence of peripheral arthritis (PA) at disease onset in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: 456 Spanish AS patients, diagnosed according to the modified New York Criteria, who had at least ten years of follow-up since initial disease onset were selected from the National Spondyloarthropathies Registry (REGISPONSER). 18.9% of AS patients initially presented PA. Clinical variables and 384 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) distributed in 190 genes were analysed. SNP genotyping was performed using the Illumina GoldenGate genotyping platform. Association tests for allele frequencies and for categorical clinical variables were performed by the χ2 test and with the unpaired t-test for continuous variables. p-values of <0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: AS patients with PA showed an earlier age of disease onset (p=0.021), longer disease duration (p=0.020) and longer duration of AS symptoms from onset (p=0.034) than AS patients without PA. We found significant associations with the presence of PA at disease onset in 14 SNPs located in 10 genes: HLA-DQB2 (rs2857210 and rs9276615), HLA-DOB (rs2857151, rs2621332 and rs1383261), JAK2 (rs7857730), IL-23R (rs11209008 and rs10489630), CYP1B1 (rs1056836), NELL1 (rs8176786), KL (rs564481), and MEFV (rs224204), IL-2RB (rs743777) and IL-1A (rs1800587). CONCLUSIONS: Both clinical and genetic factors are associated with the presence of PA at disease onset in Spanish AS patients. The results suggest that this subset of AS patients with PA at disease onset might have differentiation factors involved in disease pathogenesis.

5.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35(5): 752-765, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28516869

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory arthritis needs infectious disease screening before starting a biologic agent, however, few data are known about migrant patients, who represent a peculiar population which requires a multidisciplinary approach among international health specialists and should also be considered by health authorities. For this reason, the Italian and Spanish Societies of Rheumatology (SIR and SER) and Tropical Medicine (SIMET and SEMTSI) promoted a multidisciplinary task force in order to produce specific recommendations about screening and advices to be considered in migrant patients with inflammatory arthritis candidate to receive biological therapy, according to their geographical origin. METHODS: The experts provided a prioritised list of research questions and the eligible spectrum of inflammatory arthritis, biologic drugs and infectious disease were defined in order to perform a systematic literature review. A search was made in Medline, Embase and Cochrane library, updated to March 2015. Ubiquitous infections and HBV, HCV, HIV and tuberculosis that are already considered in national and international recommendations, were not included. The strength of each recommendation was determined. RESULTS: The task force members agreed on 7 overarching principles. The risk of reactivation of selected potentially latent infectious disease was addressed in migrants with inflammatory arthritis candidates for biologics was considered and 15 potentially relevant infections were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Fifteen disease-specific recommendations were formulated on the basis of high level of agreement among the experts panel.


Assuntos
Comitês Consultivos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Emigração e Imigração , Infectologia/normas , Programas de Rastreamento/normas , Reumatologia/normas , Sociedades Médicas , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/etnologia , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Doenças Transmissíveis/etnologia , Consenso , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia
6.
Rheumatol Int ; 37(4): 647-656, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27815703

RESUMO

To develop a disease activity index for patients with uveitis (UVEDAI) encompassing the relevant domains of disease activity considered important among experts in this field. The steps for designing UVEDAI were: (a) Defining the construct and establishing the domains through a formal judgment of experts, (b) A two-round Delphi study with a panel of 15 experts to determine the relevant items, (c) Selection of items: A logistic regression model was developed that set ocular inflammatory activity as the dependent variable. The construct "uveitis inflammatory activity" was defined as any intraocular inflammation that included external structures (cornea) in addition to uvea. Seven domains and 15 items were identified: best-corrected visual acuity, inflammation of the anterior chamber (anterior chamber cells, hypopyon, the presence of fibrin, active posterior keratic precipitates and iris nodules), intraocular pressure, inflammation of the vitreous cavity (vitreous haze, snowballs and snowbanks), central macular edema, inflammation of the posterior pole (the presence and number of choroidal/retinal lesions, vascular inflammation and papillitis), and global assessment from both (patient and physician). From all the variables studied in the multivariate model, anterior chamber cell grade, vitreous haze, central macular edema, inflammatory vessel sheathing, papillitis, choroidal/retinal lesions and patient evaluation were included in UVEDAI. UVEDAI is an index designed to assess the global ocular inflammatory activity in patients with uveitis. It might prove worthwhile to motorize the activity of this extraarticular manifestation of some rheumatic diseases.


Assuntos
Inflamação/diagnóstico , Uveíte/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
7.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 34(1): 94-9, 2016 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26812050

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of etoricoxib in patients with axial ankylosing spondyloarthritis (AS) refractory to traditional NSAIDs. METHODS: This was an open label, multicentric, randomised, prospective (4 weeks with and open extension to 6 months), non-controlled study. Consecutive patients with axial AS refractory to traditional NSAID eligible for anti-TNF-α therapy were selected. The primary outcomes were the rate of patients with good clinical response (not eligible for anti-TNF-α therapy after etoricoxib) and the Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society response criteria for biologic therapies (ASASBIO) response at 4 weeks. Secondary outcomes included: ASAS20 and 40 responses, ASDAS-CRP response, BASDAI, BASFI, back and night back pain, global patient and physician assessment of the disease, and biologic parameters like C-reactive protein (CRP) at 2, 4 weeks and 6 months. RESULTS: A total of 57 axial AS patients were recruited, 46 men, with mean age of 43 years. After 4 weeks of treatment, 26 patients (46%) achieved a good clinical response and 11 (20%) an ASASBIO response. These results at 24 weeks were 19 (33%) and 13 (23%) respectively. All individual clinical variables improved significantly after 4 weeks of treatment. CRP serum levels decreased after 4 weeks but reached no statistical significance, although 30% of patients showed a normalisation of CRP. CONCLUSIONS: Etoricoxib provided a clear clinical improvement in around a third of patients with axial AS refractory to traditional NSAIDs. Special care should be required when deciding to start anti-TNF-α therapy; it seems reasonable to keep in mind these results of etoricoxib treatment.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Resistência a Medicamentos , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Sulfonas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/efeitos adversos , Substituição de Medicamentos , Etoricoxib , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Piridinas/efeitos adversos , Indução de Remissão , Espanha , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico , Sulfonas/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
8.
Rheumatol Int ; 36(3): 377-86, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26597491

RESUMO

The main objective of this cross-sectional observational study was to investigate the relationship between clinical, ultrasonographic (US) and radiographic elbow features in patients with inflammatory joint diseases (IJD). The secondary objective was to evaluate the association between regional clinical elbow diagnoses and imaging findings. Consecutive patients with IJD attending follow-up visits were assessed for elbow pain and standardized elbow examination. Seven regional clinical diagnoses were defined. Digital elbow radiographs were read for 9 abnormalities. A standardized elbow grayscale (GS) and power Doppler (PD) scan recorded 13 defined abnormalities. Analysis encompassed 361 clinical, 361 US and 340 radiographic elbow assessments from 181 patients. US and clinical assessments showed an overall higher agreement than radiographic and clinical assessments (68.8 vs 59.1%, p = 0.001). When structural US abnormalities were compared with radiographic findings, agreement was slightly higher than when comparing all US abnormalities with radiographic findings (77.3%, k 0.533 and 73.5%, k 0.492). Enthesophytes, the most common abnormalities, were not associated with clinical findings. Subclinical US-synovitis and US-enthesopathy were found, respectively, in 17.3 and 14.1% of the clinically normal elbows. Clinical elbow arthritis prevalence and bias-adjusted kappa (PABAK) agreement was good for radiographic fat pad sign, PD-synovitis and GS-synovitis. Clinical elbow enthesopathy PABAK agreement was moderate for GS-enthesopathy and radiographic calcifications. US showed acceptable agreement with clinical and radiographic assessments for detecting elbow inflammatory and structural abnormalities in patients with IJD. Because US detected more abnormalities than radiography and has the capability to detect more subclinical abnormalities, US may be potentially used as a first-line elbow diagnostic tool in this clinical setting.


Assuntos
Artrite/diagnóstico , Articulação do Cotovelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Doppler , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artralgia/diagnóstico , Artralgia/etiologia , Artrite/complicações , Artrite/diagnóstico por imagem , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Estudos Transversais , Articulação do Cotovelo/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Medição da Dor , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
9.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 10(5): 278-282, sept.-oct. 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-126755

RESUMO

Objetivo. Pocos estudios han examinado si existen diferencias morfológicas detectables con ecografía entre las articulaciones sintomáticas y las que no lo son en pacientes con artrosis. Este estudio describe y compara los hallazgos clínicos, radiológicos y ecográficos de los pacientes con artrosis interfalángica proximal (IFP) y/o distal (IFD) que tienen articulaciones con y sin dolor. Métodos. Prospectivamente, se incluyó a pacientes con artrosis IFP y/o IFD según los criterios ACR. El reumatólogo clínico eligió hasta un máximo de 3 articulaciones dolorosas y 3 articulaciones no dolorosas de localización simétrica en cada paciente para formar 2 cohortes de artrosis: grupo con dolor (GD) y grupo sin dolor (GSD). La radiografía simple postero-anterior de las manos fue leída por un reumatólogo según las recomendaciones del atlas OARSI, ciego a toda información clínica y ecográfica. El estudio ecográfico fue realizado por un reumatólogo en las articulaciones previamente seleccionadas por el clínico ciego a los datos clínicos y radiológicos. Se registraron como ausente o presente: osteofitos, pinzamiento articular, sinovitis, señal Doppler intraarticular, erosiones y visualización del cartílago. Se realizó un estudio de fiabilidad intralector para la radiología y para la ecografía. Resultados. Se estudió un total de 50 articulaciones en cada cohorte de 20 mujeres diestras de 61,85 años de edad (46-73) con artrosis IFP y IFD diagnosticada hace 6,8 años (1-17 años). El 70% de las articulaciones del GD y GSD se localizaron en la mano derecha e izquierda, respectivamente. El GD tenía significativamente más osteofitos, sinovitis y ausencia de cartílago que el GSD. La fiabilidad interlector radiológico y ecográfico fue excelente. Conclusión. La ecografía detecta más daño estructural y sinovitis en las IFP y/o IFD artrósicas que presentan dolor (AU)


Objective: To date few studies have examined whether ultrasonography can depict morphologic differences in painful and painless osteoarthritis (OA). This study describes and compares the clinical, radiographic and ultrasonographic findings of patients with both painful and painless proximal interphalgeal (PIP) and/or distal interphalgeal (DIP) OA. Methods: Patients with PIP and/or DIP OA (ACR criteria) were prospectively recruited. The clinical rheumatologist chose up to 3 painful joints and up to 3 painless symmetric joints in each patient to define 2 cohorts of OA: symptomatic (SG) and asymptomatic (ASG). A conventional postero-anterior hand x ray was performed and read by one rheumatologist following the OARSI atlas, blinded to clinical and sonographic data. Ultrasound (US) was performed by an experienced rheumatologist, blinded to both clinical and radiographic data in joints previously selected by the clinical rheumatologist. US-pathology was assessed as present or absent as defined in previous reports: osteophytes, joint space narrowing, synovitis, intra-articular power doppler signal, intra-articular bony erosion, and visualization of cartilage. Radiographic and ultrasonographic intrareader reliability test was performed. Results: A total of 50 joints in the SG and ASG were included from 20 right handed women aged 61.85 (46-73) years with PIP and DIP OA diagnosed 6.8 (1-17) years ago. 70% SG joints and ASG were right and left sided respectively. The SG showed significantly more osteophytes, synovitis and non-visualization of joint cartilage. Intrareader radiographic and ultrasonographic agreement was excellent. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that painful PIP and/or DIP OA have more ultrasonographic structural changes and synovitis (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite , Articulações dos Dedos/fisiopatologia , Articulações dos Dedos , Articulações , Falanges dos Dedos da Mão/patologia , Falanges dos Dedos da Mão , Articulação da Mão , Doenças Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Assintomáticas/terapia , Ultrassonografia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Análise Estatística
10.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 53(12): 2223-31, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24996907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of anti-TNF-α therapy in refractory uveitis due to Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS: We performed a multicentre study of 124 patients with BD uveitis refractory to conventional treatment including high-dose corticosteroids and at least one standard immunosuppressive agent. Patients were treated for at least 12 months with infliximab (IFX) (3-5 mg/kg at 0, 2 and 6 weeks and then every 4-8 weeks) or adalimumab (ADA) (usually 40 mg every 2 weeks). The main outcome measures were degree of anterior and posterior chamber inflammation, visual acuity, macular thickness and immunosuppression load. RESULTS: Sixty-eight men and 56 women (221 affected eyes) were studied. The mean age was 38.6 years (s.d. 10.4). HLA-B51 was positive in 66.1% of patients and uveitis was bilateral in 78.2%. IFX was the first biologic agent in 77 cases (62%) and ADA was first in 47 (38%). In most cases anti-TNF-α drugs were used in combination with conventional immunosuppressive drugs. At the onset of anti-TNF-α therapy, anterior chamber and vitreous inflammation was observed in 57% and 64.4% of patients, respectively. In both conditions the damage decreased significantly after 1 year. At baseline, 50 patients (80 eyes) had macular thickening [optical coherence tomography (OCT) >250 µm] and 35 (49 eyes) had cystoid macular oedema (OCT>300 µm) that improved from 420 µm (s.d. 119.5) at baseline to 271 µm (s.d. 45.6) at month 12 (P < 0.01). The best-corrected visual acuity and the suppression load also showed significant improvement. After 1 year of follow-up, 67.7% of patients were inactive. Biologic therapy was well tolerated in most cases. CONCLUSION: Anti-TNF-α therapy is effective and relatively safe in refractory BD uveitis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Esquema de Medicação , Resistência a Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Infliximab , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Reumatol Clin ; 10(5): 278-82, 2014 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24725610

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To date few studies have examined whether ultrasonography can depict morphologic differences in painful and painless osteoarthritis (OA). This study describes and compares the clinical, radiographic and ultrasonographic findings of patients with both painful and painless proximal interphalgeal (PIP) and/or distal interphalgeal (DIP) OA. METHODS: Patients with PIP and/or DIP OA (ACR criteria) were prospectively recruited. The clinical rheumatologist chose up to 3 painful joints and up to 3 painless symmetric joints in each patient to define 2 cohorts of OA: symptomatic (SG) and asymptomatic (ASG). A conventional postero-anterior hand x ray was performed and read by one rheumatologist following the OARSI atlas, blinded to clinical and sonographic data. Ultrasound (US) was performed by an experienced rheumatologist, blinded to both clinical and radiographic data in joints previously selected by the clinical rheumatologist. US-pathology was assessed as present or absent as defined in previous reports: osteophytes, joint space narrowing, synovitis, intra-articular power doppler signal, intra-articular bony erosion, and visualization of cartilage. Radiographic and ultrasonographic intrareader reliability test was performed. RESULTS: A total of 50 joints in the SG and ASG were included from 20 right handed women aged 61.85 (46-73) years with PIP and DIP OA diagnosed 6.8 (1-17) years ago. 70% SG joints and ASG were right and left sided respectively. The SG showed significantly more osteophytes, synovitis and non-visualization of joint cartilage. Intrareader radiographic and ultrasonographic agreement was excellent. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that painful PIP and/or DIP OA have more ultrasonographic structural changes and synovitis.


Assuntos
Articulações dos Dedos , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Doenças Assintomáticas , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/complicações , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico , Dor/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Ultrassonografia
12.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 53(2): 353-60, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24196385

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyse the performance of the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) criteria for the classification of SpA in early SpA clinics. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional study of patients referred to early SpA units within the ESPERANZA programme (a Spanish nationwide health management programme designed to provide excellence in diagnosis and care for early SpA). Patients were eligible if they were <45 years of age and had any of the following: (i) a 2-year history of inflammatory back pain; (ii) back or joint pain with psoriasis, anterior uveitis, radiographic sacroiliitis, family history of SpA or positive HLA-B27; or (iii) asymmetric arthritis. We excluded patients for whom imaging (X-rays/MRI) or HLA-B27 results were not available. We analysed the performance (sensitivity and specificity) of different classification criteria sets, taking the rheumatologist's opinion as the gold standard. RESULTS: The analysis included 775 patients [mean age 33 (s.d. 7) years; 55% men; mean duration of symptoms 11 (s.d. 6) months]; SpA was diagnosed in 538 patients (69.5%). A total of 274 (67.9%) patients with chronic back pain met the ASAS axial criteria, 76 (56.3%) patients with arthritis but not chronic back pain fulfilled the ASAS criteria for peripheral SpA and 350 (65.1%) fulfilled all the ASAS criteria. The sensitivity and specificity of the ASAS criteria set were 65% and 93%, respectively (axial criteria: sensitivity 68%, specificity 95%). The sensitivity and specificity for the ESSG and Amor criteria were 58% and 90% and 59% and 86%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Despite performing better than the Amor or ESSG criteria, the ASAS criteria may be limited to detection of early forms, particularly in populations in which MRI is not extensively available or in populations with a low prevalence of HLA-B27.


Assuntos
Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Espondilartrite/classificação , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Classificação/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Antígeno HLA-B27/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Padrões de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Espanha , Espondilartrite/sangue , Espondilartrite/patologia
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