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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244127, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278526

RESUMO

Abstract Tiliroside is a glycosidic flavonoid present in many plants species including Helicteres velutina K. Schum (Malvaceae sensu lato), commonly known in Brazil as "pitó". This molecule has been shown to have many biological activities, however no study has been carried out to investigate the toxicity of this substance. The present work aimed to evaluate the possible cellular toxicity in silico, in vitro and ex-vivo of the kaempferol-3-O-β-D-(6"-E-p-coumaroyl) glucopyranoside (tiliroside), through chemical structure analysis, toxicity assessment and predictive bioactive properties, using human samples for in vitro and ex-vivo tests. The in silico analysis suggests that tiliroside exhibited great absorption index when penetrating biological membranes. In addition, it also displayed considerable potential for cellular protection against free radicals, and anticarcinogenic, antioxidant, antineoplastic, anti-inflammatory, anti-hemorrhagic and antithrombotic activities. The assessment of the hemolytic and genotoxic effects of tiliroside showed low hemolysis rates in red blood cells and absence of cellular toxicity in the oral mucosa cells. The data obtained indicate that this molecule could be a promising therapeutic approach as a possible new drug with biotechnological potential.


Resumo O tilirosídeo é um flavonóide glicosídico presente em muitas espécies de plantas, incluindo Helicteres velutina K. Schum (Malvaceae sensu lato), conhecida no Brasil como "pitó". Esta molécula mostrou ter muitas atividades biológicas, porém nenhum estudo foi realizado para investigar a toxicidade dessa substância. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a possível toxicidade celular in silico, in vitro e ex-vivo do kaempferol-3-O-β-D- (6 "-Ep-coumaroil) glucopiranosídeo (tilirosídeo), por meio de análises de estrutura química, toxicidade avaliação e propriedades bioativas preditivas, utilizando amostras humanas para testes in vitro e ex-vivo. A análise in silico sugere que o tilirosídeo exibe bom índice de absorção para penetrar nas membranas biológicas. Além disso, apresentou considerável potencial de proteção celular contra os radicais livres e com atividades anticarcinogênica, antioxidante, antineoplásica, antiinflamatória, anti-hemorrágica e antitrombótica. A avaliação dos efeitos hemolíticos e genotóxicos do tilirosídeo mostrou baixas taxas de hemólise nas hemácias e ausência de toxicidade em células da mucosa oral. Os dados obtidos indicam que esta molécula pode possuir uma abordagem terapêutica promissora como uma possível nova droga com potencial biotecnológico.

2.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e244127, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161458

RESUMO

Tiliroside is a glycosidic flavonoid present in many plants species including Helicteres velutina K. Schum (Malvaceae sensu lato), commonly known in Brazil as "pitó". This molecule has been shown to have many biological activities, however no study has been carried out to investigate the toxicity of this substance. The present work aimed to evaluate the possible cellular toxicity in silico, in vitro and ex-vivo of the kaempferol-3-O-ß-D-(6"-E-p-coumaroyl) glucopyranoside (tiliroside), through chemical structure analysis, toxicity assessment and predictive bioactive properties, using human samples for in vitro and ex-vivo tests. The in silico analysis suggests that tiliroside exhibited great absorption index when penetrating biological membranes. In addition, it also displayed considerable potential for cellular protection against free radicals, and anticarcinogenic, antioxidant, antineoplastic, anti-inflammatory, anti-hemorrhagic and antithrombotic activities. The assessment of the hemolytic and genotoxic effects of tiliroside showed low hemolysis rates in red blood cells and absence of cellular toxicity in the oral mucosa cells. The data obtained indicate that this molecule could be a promising therapeutic approach as a possible new drug with biotechnological potential.


Assuntos
Quempferóis , Extratos Vegetais , Brasil , Simulação por Computador , Flavonoides , Humanos , Quempferóis/toxicidade
3.
J Oral Rehabil ; 45(5): 414-422, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29446485

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature for studies that assessed the effects of glucosamine supplements (GS) on pain and maximum mouth opening (MMO) restriction compared to other therapies, placebo or no intervention on painful temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ OA). Randomised controlled trials were selected in a two-phase process. Seven electronic databases, in addition to three grey literature databases, were searched. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias in randomised trials. Twelve potentially eligible studies were identified, from which three were finally included. Furthermore, two were categorised at low risk and one at high risk of bias. Intervention groups were treated with glucosamine-sulphate, while controls were treated with placebo or ibuprofen. In two studies, GS were equally effective regarding pain reduction and mouth opening improvement compared to ibuprofen taken two or three times a day over 12 weeks; however, one study did not find significant differences in follow-up evaluations concerning these clinical variables in both glucosamine and placebo groups administered over six weeks. There is very low evidence regarding GS therapeutic effects on TMJ OA. Considering a follow-up of 12 weeks, GS were as effective as ibuprofen taken two or three times a day. However, over six weeks of medication intake, GS were not superior to placebo. Still, included studies presented major drawbacks, and therefore, conclusions must be interpreted with caution.


Assuntos
Artralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Glucosamina/uso terapêutico , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Articulação Temporomandibular/efeitos dos fármacos , Artralgia/fisiopatologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Humanos , Osteoartrite/fisiopatologia , Medição da Dor , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(6): 1671-1679, nov.-dez. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-969563

RESUMO

The present study was composed by two experiments aiming to develop a cervical dilation technique for non-surgical access to Santa Inês ewe's uterus. In Experiment 1, thirty ewes underwent four epidural treatments. The three experimental treatments used 2.0mg/kg ketamine. The group receiving this drug alone was denominated KG, whereas other group had ketamine associated with 0.1mg/kg morphine (KM) and KX a third group had ketamine associated with 0.05mg/kg xylazine (KX). Control treatment was 1mL/7.5kg saline solution epidurally (CON). Cervical dilation was evaluated in both experiments by attempting to pass a metal rod through the cervix. In Experiment 2, three different hormonal protocols for cervical dilation were tested in thirty ewes. Epidural anesthesia with 2.0mg/kg ketamine was the control treatment (KG) and was combined with hormonal treatments: Misoprostol (MI); Oxytocin + Estradiol (OE); Misoprostol + Oxytocin + Estradiol (MOE). In Experiment 1 transposition rate was not different among groups. In Experiment 2, OE presented the highest rate (90%) while MOE presented 86.2%, MI 68.9% and CON 62.1%. The study developed a pharmacological protocol that increased cervical transposition making the non-surgical access to the uterus feasible in Santa Inês ewes.(AU)


O presente estudo teve como objetivo desenvolver uma técnica para acesso não cirúrgico ao útero de ovelhas Santa Inês e foi realizado em duas etapas. No experimento 1, 30 ovelhas foram submetidas a quatro tratamentos epidurais. Os três tratamentos teste usaram 2,0mg/kg de cetamina. O grupo que recebeu apenas cetamina foi denominado KG, enquanto no segundo grupo a cetamina foi combinada com morfina (0,1mg/kg - KM) e um terceiro grupo recebeu cetamina associada com xilazina 0,05mg/kg - KX). No grupo controle (CON), usou-se solução salina (1mL/7,5kg de peso). A dilatação cervical foi avaliada em ambos os experimentos pela tentativa de transposição cervical com uma haste metálica. No experimento 2, três protocolos hormonais de dilatação cervical foram testados em 30 ovelhas. Anestesia epidural com 2,0mg/kg de cetamina foi o tratamento controle (CON), combinada com tratamentos hormonais nos grupos: misoprostol (MI); ocitocina + estradiol (OE); misoprostol + ocitocina + estradiol (MOE). No experimento 1, a taxa de transposição não variou entre os grupos. No experimento 2, OE teve a maior taxa (90%), enquanto MOE apresentou 86,2%, MIi 68,9% e CON 62,1%. O estudo desenvolveu um protocolo farmacológico que aumentou a taxa de transposição cervical, tornando o acesso uterino não cirúrgico viável em ovelhas Santa Inês.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Útero/anormalidades , Ovinos/anatomia & histologia , Relaxamento Muscular , Misoprostol , Estradiol
7.
Ann Allergy ; 44(1): 1-7, 1980 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7352686

RESUMO

Screening tympanometry disclosed abnormalities in as many as 66% of unselected kindergarten children, including 29% with type B tympanograms. Abnormalities were more frequent in February than September and more frequent in boys than girls. Abnormalities often subsided spontaneously within six weeks. Tympanometric abnormalities were not found more frequently in a small group of children with allergic respiratory disease.


Assuntos
Testes de Impedância Acústica , Otite Média/diagnóstico , Pré-Escolar , Complacência (Medida de Distensibilidade) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Otite Média/complicações , Otite Média/tratamento farmacológico , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Reflexo Acústico , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/complicações , Estações do Ano , Membrana Timpânica/cirurgia
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