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1.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2044: 3-23, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432403

RESUMO

Brain proteomics has become a method of choice that allows zooming-in where neuropathophysiological alterations are taking place, detecting protein mediators that might eventually be measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as potential neuropathologically derived biomarkers. Following this hypothesis, mass spectrometry-based neuroproteomics has emerged as a powerful approach to profile neural proteomes derived from brain structures and CSF in order to map the extensive protein catalog of the human brain. This chapter provides a historical perspective on the Human Brain Proteome Project (HBPP), some recommendation to the experimental design in neuroproteomic projects, and a brief description of relevant technological and computational innovations that are emerging in the neurobiology field thanks to the proteomics community. Importantly, this chapter highlights recent discoveries from the biology- and disease-oriented branch of the HBPP (B/D-HBPP) focused on spatiotemporal proteomic characterizations of mouse models of neurodegenerative diseases, elucidation of proteostatic networks in different types of dementia, the characterization of unresolved clinical phenotypes, and the discovery of novel biomarker candidates in CSF.

2.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2044: 155-168, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432412

RESUMO

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is in direct contact with the brain and represents a valuable source of mediators that reflect metabolic processes occurring in the central nervous system (CNS). In this sense, mass spectrometry (MS) methods have proven to be sensitive in quantifying the proteomic profiles of CSF, therefore being able to detect biomarker candidates for neurological disorders. In particular, a key development has been the use of multiplexing technologies to easily identify and quantify complex protein mixtures. This chapter describes a workflow suitable for the analysis of CSF proteome using isobaric labeling coupled to strong cation-exchange chromatography fractionation for its potential use as a biomarker discovery platform. In this case, the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) label all proteins in a sample via free amines at the N-terminus and on the side chain of lysine residues. Then, the labeled samples are pooled and chromatographically fractionated. These fractions with the pooled samples are afterward analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS), and proteins are quantified by the relative intensities of the reporter ions in the MS/MS spectra, simultaneously obtaining the amino acid sequence. This method complements the neuroproteomic toolbox to identify new protein biomarkers not only for the early clinical diagnosis and disease staging of CNS-related disorders but also to elucidate the molecular mechanisms related to the pathophysiology of these symptoms.

3.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2044: 233-246, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432416

RESUMO

The brain is the most complex organ of the human body, and the study of the different diseases and injuries that affect it is far behind the ones that affect other organs. Some of these pathologies such as neurodegenerative diseases, physical injuries, and cancer present an important alteration in its inflammatory component, which affects their outcome in a positive or negative way. For this reason, it is important to characterize the joint expression of the cytokines and growth factors (GF) that are part of this inflammatory component. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is in direct contact with the brain and spinal cord, being the best biofluid to study the cytokine and GF secretion patterns of these conditions. Currently, the proteomic workflows based on mass spectrometry (MS) are unable to easily detect these proteins in CSF. In this chapter, we describe a method based on cytokine membrane arrays to characterize, in a straightforward way, the secretion profile of different cytokines and GF at once in CSF.

4.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2044: 273-289, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432419

RESUMO

Nowadays, diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders is mainly based on neuroimaging and clinical symptoms, although postmortem neuropathological confirmation remains the gold standard diagnostic technique. Therefore, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) proteome is considered a valuable molecular repository for diagnosing and targeting the neurodegenerative process. It is well known that olfactory dysfunction is among the earliest features of synucleinopathies such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Consequently, we consider that the application of tissue proteomics in primary olfactory structures is an ideal approach to explore early pathophysiological changes, detecting olfactory proteins that might be tested in CSF as potential biomarkers. Data mining of mass spectrometry-generated datasets has revealed that 30% of the olfactory bulb (OB) proteome is also localized in CSF. In this chapter, we describe a method that utilizes label-free quantitative proteomics and computational analysis to characterize human OB proteomes and potential cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers associated with neurodegenerative syndromes. For that, we applied peptide fractionation methods, followed by tandem mass spectrometry (nanoLC-MS/MS), in silico analysis, and semi-quantitative orthogonal techniques in OB derived from PD subjects. After obtaining the differential OB proteome across Lewy-type alpha-synucleinopathy (LTS) stages and further validating the method, this workflow was applied to probe changes in NEGR1 (neuronal growth regulator 1) and GNPDA2 (glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminase 2) protein levels in CSF derived from parkinsonian subjects with respect to controls, observing an inverse correlation between both proteins and α-synuclein, the principal component analysis of Lewy pathology.

5.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2044: 353-361, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432425

RESUMO

Lipidomics aims at characterizing lipid profiles and their biological role with respect to protein expression involved in lipid metabolism. Specifically, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lipidomics is offering a new perspective in the search for surrogate biomarkers to facilitate early diagnosis of psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases. In this chapter, we describe a nontargeted approach to profile lipid molecular species present in human CSF using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-ToF-MS). This workflow complements the toolbox useful for the exploration and monitoring neurodegenerative mechanisms associated with a dysregulation in lipid metabolism.

6.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 133(14): 1537-1548, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285364

RESUMO

Background: Soluble ST2 (interleukin 1 receptor-like 1) (sST2) is involved in inflammatory diseases and increased in heart failure (HF). We herein investigated sST2 effects on oxidative stress and inflammation in human cardiac fibroblasts and its pathological role in human aortic stenosis (AS).Methods and results: Using proteomics and immunodetection approaches, we have identified that sST2 down-regulated mitofusin-1 (MFN-1), a protein involved in mitochondrial fusion, in human cardiac fibroblasts. In parallel, sST2 increased nitrotyrosine, protein oxidation and peroxide production. Moreover, sST2 enhanced the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1ß and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (CCL-2). Pharmacological inhibition of transcriptional factor nuclear factor κB (NFκB) restored MFN-1 levels and improved oxidative status and inflammation in cardiac fibroblasts. Mito-Tempo, a mitochondria-specific superoxide scavenger, as well as Resveratrol, a general antioxidant, attenuated oxidative stress and inflammation induced by sST2. In myocardial biopsies from 26 AS patients, sST2 up-regulation paralleled a decrease in MFN-1. Cardiac sST2 inversely correlated with MFN-1 levels and positively associated with IL-6 and CCL-2 in myocardial biopsies from AS patients.Conclusions: sST2 affected mitochondrial fusion in human cardiac fibroblasts, increasing oxidative stress production and inflammatory markers secretion. The blockade of NFκB or mitochondrial reactive oxygen species restored MFN-1 expression, improving oxidative stress status and reducing inflammatory markers secretion. In human AS, cardiac sST2 levels associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. The present study reveals a new pathogenic pathway by which sST2 promotes oxidative stress and inflammation contributing to cardiac damage.

7.
J Proteomics ; 201: 37-47, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999060

RESUMO

Mild olfactory dysfunction has been observed in frontotemporal dementias (FTD). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms associated to this deficit are poorly understood. We applied quantitative proteomics to analyze pathological effects on the olfactory bulb (OB) from progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD-TDP43) subjects respect to elderly non-FTD group. Our data revealed: i) a mitochondrial and calcium homeostasis impairment in PSP and ii) a disruption of protein synthesis and vesicle trafficking in FTLD-TDP43. Although differential OB proteomes clearly differ between both FTD phenotypes, functional analyses pointed out an imbalance in survival signaling in both pathologies. A common alteration of olfactory mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase II (CAMKII), and protein kinase C (PKC) signaling pathways was observed in PSP and FTLD subjects. In contrast, a specific shut off in mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4 (SEK1/MKK4)/stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) axis was exclusively observed in PSP, whereas a specific phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) inactivation was observed in FTLD-TDP43. In summary, our data contribute to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms that are modulated in PSP and FTLD-TDP43 at olfactory level, highlighting cross-disease similarities and differences in the regulation of survival pathways across FTD spectrum. SIGNIFICANCE: This work reflects differential olfactory molecular disarrangements in PSP and FTLD-TDP43, two clinically similar FTD disorders, but with different neuropathological signature. Besides FTDs present mild olfactory dysfunction, our data provide basic information for understanding the implication of the OB in the pathophysiology of FTDs.

8.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 68(3): 1287-1307, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30909235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frontotemporal lobar degeneration with TDP-43 immunoreactive inclusions (FTLD-TDP) may appear as sporadic (sFTLD-TDP) or linked to mutations in various genes including expansions of the non-coding region of C9ORF72 (c9FTLD). OBJECTIVE: Analysis of differential mRNA and protein expression in the frontal cortex in c9FLTD and evaluation with previous observations in frontal cortex in sFTLD-TDP and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with TDP-43 inclusions. METHODS: Microarray hybridization and mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomics followed by RT-qPCR, gel electrophoresis, and western blotting in frontal cortex area 8 in 19 c9FTLD cases and 14 age- and gender-matched controls. RESULTS: Microarray hybridization distinguish altered gene transcription related to DNA recombination, RNA splicing regulation, RNA polymerase transcription, myelin synthesis, calcium regulation, and ubiquitin-proteasome system in c9FTLD; proteomics performed in the same tissue samples pinpoints abnormal protein expression involving apoptosis, inflammation, metabolism of amino acids, metabolism of carbohydrates, metabolism of membrane lipid derivatives, microtubule dynamics, morphology of mitochondria, neuritogenesis, neurotransmission, phagocytosis, receptor-mediated endocytosis, synthesis of reactive oxygen species, and calcium signaling in c9FTLD. CONCLUSION: Transcriptomics and proteomics, as well as bioinformatics processing of derived data, reveal similarly altered pathways in the frontal cortex in c9FTLD, but different RNAs and proteins are identified by these methods. Combined non-targeted '-omics' is a valuable approach to deciphering altered molecular pathways in FTLD provided that observations are approached with caution when assessing human postmortem brain samples.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 660: 1201-1209, 2019 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30743915

RESUMO

Nitrogen fertilization is a major force in global greenhouse gases emissions and causes environmental contamination through nitrate leaching. The use of nitrification inhibitors has been proven successful to mitigate these effects. However, there is an increasing concern about the undesired effects that their potential persistence in the soil or accumulation in plants may provoke. In this study, we first exposed Lotus japonicus plants to high amounts of 3,4 dimethylpyrazole phosphate (DMPP) and 2-(N-3,4-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl) succinic acid isomeric mixture (DMPSA) nitrification inhibitors. Exposure to doses higher than 1 mg·L-1 provoked DMPP accumulation mostly in the aerial part, while DMPSA was only detected from 10 mg·L-1 and nearly no translocation. To evaluate the effect that DMPP accumulation in leaves may provoke on plant performance we combined a transcriptome, proteome, and physiological analysis in plants treated with 10 mg/ L of DMPP. This treatment provoked changes in the expression of 229 genes and 59 proteins. Overall, we evidence that when DMPP accumulates in leaves it induces stress responses, notably provoking changes in cell redox balance, hormone signaling, protein synthesis and turnover and carbon and nitrogen metabolism.


Assuntos
Lotus/efeitos dos fármacos , Nitrificação/efeitos dos fármacos , Pirazóis/toxicidade , Carbono/metabolismo , Fertilizantes , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Lotus/genética , Lotus/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta , Pirazóis/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico
10.
Hypertension ; 73(3): 602-611, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30612490

RESUMO

Myocardial fibrosis is a main contributor to the development of heart failure (HF). CT-1 (cardiotrophin-1) and Gal-3 (galectin-3) are increased in HF and associated with myocardial fibrosis. The aim of this study is to analyze whether CT-1 regulates Gal-3. Proteomic analysis revealed that Gal-3 was upregulated by CT-1 in human cardiac fibroblasts in parallel with other profibrotic and proinflammatory markers. CT-1 upregulation of Gal-3 was mediated by ERK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase) 1/2 and Stat-3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) pathways. Male Wistar rats and B6CBAF1 mice treated with CT-1 (20 µg/kg per day) presented higher cardiac Gal-3 levels and myocardial fibrosis. In CT-1-treated rats, direct correlations were found between cardiac CT-1 and Gal-3 levels, as well as between Gal-3 and perivascular fibrosis. Gal-3 genetic disruption in human cardiac fibroblasts and pharmacological Gal-3 inhibition in mice prevented the profibrotic and proinflammatory effects of CT-1. Dahl salt-sensitive hypertensive rats with diastolic dysfunction showed increased cardiac CT-1 and Gal-3 expression together with cardiac fibrosis and inflammation. CT-1 and Gal-3 directly correlated with myocardial fibrosis. In HF patients, myocardial and plasma CT-1 and Gal-3 were increased and directly correlated. In addition, HF patients with high CT-1 and Gal-3 plasma levels presented an increased risk of cardiovascular death. Our data suggest that CT-1 upregulates Gal-3 which, in turn, mediates the proinflammatory and profibrotic myocardial effects of CT-1. The elevation of both molecules in HF patients identifies a subgroup of patients with a higher risk of cardiovascular mortality. The CT-1/Gal-3 axis emerges as a candidate therapeutic target and a potential prognostic biomarker in HF.

11.
Neurobiol Aging ; 73: 123-134, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30342273

RESUMO

Olfactory dysfunction is one of the earliest features in Lewy-type alpha-synucleinopathies (LTSs) such as Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms associated to smell impairment are poorly understood. Applying mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomics in postmortem olfactory bulbs across limbic, early-neocortical, and neocortical LTS stages of parkinsonian patients, a proteostasis impairment, was observed, identifying 268 differentially expressed proteins between controls and PD phenotypes. In addition, network-driven proteomics revealed a modulation in ERK1/2, MKK3/6, and PDK1/PKC signaling axes. Moreover, a cross-disease study of selected olfactory molecules in sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) cases revealed different protein derangements in the modulation of secretagogin (SCGN), calcyclin-binding protein (CACYBP), and glucosamine 6 phosphate isomerase 2 (GNPDA2) between PD and AD. An inverse correlation between GNPDA2 and α-synuclein protein levels was also reflected in PD cerebrospinal fluid. Interestingly, PD patients exhibited significantly lower serum GNPDA2 levels than controls (n = 82/group). Our study provides important avenues for understanding the olfactory bulb proteostasis imbalance in PD, deciphering mechanistic clues to the equivalent smell deficits observed in AD and PD pathologies.

12.
J Proteomics ; 2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30503830

RESUMO

Adenovirus Delta-24-RGD has shown a remarkable efficacy in a phase I clinical trial for glioblastoma. Delta-24-RGD induces autophagy in glioma cells, however, the molecular derangements associated with Delta-24-RGD infection remains poorly understood. Here, proteomics was applied to characterize the glioma metabolic disturbances soon after Delta-24-RGD internalization and late in infection. Minutes post-infection, a rapid survival reprogramming of glioma cells was evidenced by an early c-Jun activation and a time-dependent dephosphorylation of multiple survival kinases. At 48 h post-infection (hpi), a severe intracellular proteostasis impairment was characterized, detecting differentially expressed proteins related to mRNA splicing, cytoskeletal organization, oxidative response, and inflammation. Specific kinase-regulated protein interactomes for Delta-24-RGD-modulated proteome revealed interferences with the activation dynamics of protein kinases C and A (PKC, PKA), tyrosine-protein kinase Src (c-Src), glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) as well as serine/threonine-protein phosphatases 1 and 2A (PP1, PP2A) at 48hpi, in parallel with adenoviral protein overproduction. Moreover, the late activation of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) correlates with the extracellular increment of specific cytokines involved in migration, and activation of different inflammatory cells. Taken together, our integrative analysis provides further insights into the effects triggered by Delta-24-RGD in the modulation of tumor suppression and immune response against glioma. SIGNIFICANCE: The current study provides new insights regarding the molecular mechanisms governing the glioma metabolism during Delta-24-RGD oncolytic adenoviral therapy. The compilation and analysis of intracellular and extracellular proteomics have led us to characterize: i) the cell survival reprogramming during Delta-24-RGD internalization, ii) the proteostatic disarrangement induced by Delta-24-RGD during the autophagic stage, iii) the protein interactomes for Delta-24-RGD-modulated proteome, iv) the regulatory effects on kinase dynamics induced by Delta-24-RGD late in infection, and v) the overproduction of multitasking cytokines upon Delta-24-RGD treatment. We consider that the quantitative molecular maps generated in this study may establish the foundations for the development of complementary adenoviral based-vectors to increase the potency against glioma.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(1)2018 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30577465

RESUMO

(1) Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) are neurodegenerative disorders with an overlap in clinical presentation and neuropathology. Common and differential mechanisms leading to protein expression changes and neurodegeneration in ALS and FTD were studied trough a deep neuroproteome mapping of the spinal cord. (2) Methods: A liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis of the spinal cord from ALS-TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) subjects, ubiquitin-positive frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD-U) subjects and controls without neurodegenerative disease was performed. (3) Results: 281 differentially expressed proteins were detected among ALS versus controls, while 52 proteins were dysregulated among FTLD-U versus controls. Thirty-three differential proteins were shared between both syndromes. The resulting data was subjected to network-driven proteomics analysis, revealing mitochondrial dysfunction and metabolic impairment, both for ALS and FTLD-U that could be validated through the confirmation of expression levels changes of the Prohibitin (PHB) complex. (4) Conclusions: ALS-TDP-43 and FTLD-U share molecular and functional alterations, although part of the proteostatic impairment is region- and disease-specific. We have confirmed the involvement of specific proteins previously associated with ALS (Galectin 2 (LGALS3), Transthyretin (TTR), Protein S100-A6 (S100A6), and Protein S100-A11 (S100A11)) and have shown the involvement of proteins not previously described in the ALS context (Methanethiol oxidase (SELENBP1), Peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase NIMA-interacting 1 (PIN-1), Calcyclin-binding protein (CACYBP) and Rho-associated protein kinase 2 (ROCK2)).


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/metabolismo , Demência Frontotemporal/metabolismo , Proteoma , Proteômica , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/patologia , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Demência Frontotemporal/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Neurônios Motores/metabolismo , Especificidade de Órgãos , Proteômica/métodos , Transdução de Sinais , Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Medula Espinal/patologia
14.
Oncotarget ; 9(57): 31045-31065, 2018 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30123426

RESUMO

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and aggressive type of malignant glioma. Oncolytic adenoviruses are being modified to exploit the aberrant expression of proteins in tumor cells to increase the antiglioma efficacy. E1A mutant adenovirus Delta-24-RGD (DNX-2401) has shown a favorable toxicity profile and remarkable efficacy in a first-in-human phase I clinical trial. However, the comprehensive modulation of glioma metabolism in response to Delta-24-RGD infection is poorly understood. Integrating mass spectrometry based-quantitative proteomics, physical and functional interaction data, and biochemical approaches, we conducted a cell-wide study of cytosolic, nuclear, and secreted glioma proteomes throughout the early time course of Delta-24-RGD infection. In addition to the severe proteostasis impairment detected during the first hours post-infection (hpi), Delta-24-RGD induces a transient inhibition of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and transcription factor AP-1 (c-JUN) between 3 and 10hpi, increasing the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activity at 6hpi. Furthermore, Delta-24-RGD specifically modulates the activation dynamics of protein kinase C (PKC), extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) pathways early in infection. At extracellular level, Delta-24-RGD triggers a time -dependent dynamic production of multitasking cytokines, and chemotactic factors, suggesting potential pleiotropic effects on the immune system reactivation. Taken together, these data help us to understand the mechanisms used by Delta-24-RGD to exploit glioma proteome organization. Further mining of this proteomic resource may enable design and engineering complementary adenoviral based-vectors to increase the specificity and potency against glioma.

15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 159: 127-135, 2018 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29734068

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are widely distributed in polluted environments and are included in the priority list of toxic compounds. Previous studies have shown that the fungus Penicillium oxalicum, isolated from a hydrocarbon-polluted pond, has a great capability to transform different PAHs in short periods under submerged fermentation conditions. Although cytochrome p450s (CYPs) seems to be the main responsible enzyme in this process, changes in proteome profile remains poorly understood. The aim of this work was to characterise molecular disturbances in the cytosolic and microsomal sub-proteomes of P. oxalicum by applying two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis and label-free quantitative proteomics during anthracene biodegradation. Our results showed that by using 2D-gels, 10 and 8 differential proteins were over-expressed in the cytosolic and microsomal fractions, respectively. Most of them were related to stress response. Shotgun proteomics allowed the identification of 158 and 174 unique protein species that differentially accumulated during anthracene biotransformation, such as CYPs, epoxide hydrolases and transferases enzymes, belonging to Phase I and Phase II of the metabolism of xenobiotics, contributing to the anthracene biodegradation pathway. These results confirm the biological significance of ascomycetes fungi the rol of CYPs on biodegradation and the need of a deeper knowledge on fungal proteomics for the application of the appropriate microorganisms in biodegradation processes.


Assuntos
Antracenos/farmacologia , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Penicillium/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteoma/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Eletroforese em Gel Bidimensional , Penicillium/metabolismo , Proteômica
16.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 6801, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29717226

RESUMO

Aldosterone (Aldo) contributes to mitochondrial dysfunction and cardiac oxidative stress. Using a proteomic approach, A-kinase anchor protein (AKAP)-12 has been identified as a down-regulated protein by Aldo in human cardiac fibroblasts. We aim to characterize whether AKAP-12 down-regulation could be a deleterious mechanism which induces mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in cardiac cells. Aldo down-regulated AKAP-12 via its mineralocorticoid receptor, increased oxidative stress and induced mitochondrial dysfunction characterized by decreased mitochondrial-DNA and Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α) expressions in human cardiac fibroblasts. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knock-down of AKAP-12 produced similar deleterious effects in human cardiac fibroblasts. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated activation of AKAP-12 blunted Aldo effects on mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in human cardiac fibroblasts. In Aldo-salt-treated rats, cardiac AKAP-12, mitochondrial-DNA and PGC-1α expressions were decreased and paralleled increased oxidative stress. In myocardial biopsies from patients with aortic stenosis (AS, n = 26), AKAP-12, mitochondrial-DNA and PGC-1α expressions were decreased as compared to Controls (n = 13). Circulating Aldo levels inversely correlated with cardiac AKAP-12. PGC-1α positively associated with AKAP-12 and with mitochondrial-DNA. Aldo decreased AKAP-12 expression, impairing mitochondrial biogenesis and increasing cardiac oxidative stress. AKAP-12 down-regulation triggered by Aldo may represent an important event in the development of mitochondrial dysfunction and cardiac oxidative stress.

17.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 132(13): 1471-1485, 2018 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29674526

RESUMO

Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is increased in heart failure (HF) and promotes cardiac fibrosis and inflammation. We investigated whether Gal-3 modulates oxidative stress in human cardiac fibroblasts, in experimental animal models and in human aortic stenosis (AS). Using proteomics and immunodetection approaches, we have identified that Gal-3 down-regulated the antioxidant peroxiredoxin-4 (Prx-4) in cardiac fibroblasts. In parallel, Gal-3 increased peroxide, nitrotyrosine, malondialdehyde, and N-carboxymethyl-lysine levels and decreased total antioxidant capacity. Gal-3 decreased prohibitin-2 expression without modifying other mitochondrial proteins. Prx-4 silencing increased oxidative stress markers. In Gal-3-silenced cells and in heart from Gal-3 knockout mice, Prx-4 was increased and oxidative stress markers were decreased. Pharmacological inhibition of Gal-3 with modified citrus pectin restored cardiac Prx-4 as well as prohibitin-2 levels and improved oxidative status in spontaneously hypertensive rats. In serum from 87 patients with AS, Gal-3 negatively correlated with total antioxidant capacity and positively correlated with peroxide. In myocardial biopsies from 26 AS patients, Gal-3 up-regulation paralleled a decrease in Prx-4 and in prohibitin-2. Cardiac Gal-3 inversely correlated with Prx-4 levels in myocardial biopsies. These data suggest that Gal-3 decreased Prx-4 antioxidant system in cardiac fibroblasts, increasing oxidative stress. In pathological models presenting enhanced cardiac Gal-3, the decrease in Prx-4 expression paralleled increased oxidative stress. Gal-3 blockade restored Prx-4 expression and improved oxidative stress status. In AS, circulating levels of Gal-3 could reflect oxidative stress. The alteration of the balance between antioxidant systems and reactive oxygen species production could be a new pathogenic mechanism by which Gal-3 induces cardiac damage in HF.

18.
Int J Cardiol ; 258: 217-223, 2018 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29544935

RESUMO

AIMS: Galectin-3 (Gal-3), a ß-galactoside-binding lectin involved in cardiac inflammation and fibrosis, could regulate oxidative stress, although the mechanisms have not been elucidated. We herein investigated the changes in oxidative stress-related mediators induced by Gal-3 in human cardiac fibroblasts and in pathological animal and human models of cardiac diseases. RESULTS: Using quantitative proteomics and immunodetection approaches, we have identified that Gal-3 down-regulated fumarate hydratase (FH) in human cardiac fibroblasts. In parallel, Gal-3 increased fumarate production in a time-dependent manner. Gal-3 treatment enhanced carbonylated proteins detected through OxyBlot technique. Interestingly, treatment of cells with fumarate induced oxidative stress, enhanced fibroblast activation markers and increased collagen and interleukin-6 secretion. In Gal-3-silenced cells and in heart from Gal-3 knock-out mice, FH was increased and fumarate was decreased. In myocardial biopsies from patients with aortic stenosis (AS, n=26), FH levels were decreased as compared to Controls (n=13). Cardiac Gal-3 inversely correlated with FH levels in myocardial biopsies. In an experimental model of AS rats, pharmacological inhibition of Gal-3 restored cardiac FH, decreased fumarate concentration and improved oxidative status. CONCLUSION: In human cardiac fibroblasts, Gal-3 decreased FH expression increasing fumarate concentration and promoting oxidative stress. In human AS, cardiac levels of Gal-3 inversely associated with FH. Gal-3 blockade restored FH and improved fumarate and oxidative stress status in AS rats. FH is therefore a key molecule mediating Gal-3-induced oxidative stress in cardiac cells.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fumarato Hidratase/fisiologia , Galectina 3/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Fibroblastos/patologia , Galectina 3/deficiência , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Miocárdio/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(2)2018 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29414888

RESUMO

Thrombotic material retrieved from acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients represents a valuable source of biological information. In this study, we have developed a clinical proteomics workflow to characterize the protein cargo of thrombi derived from AIS patients. To analyze the thrombus proteome in a large-scale format, we developed a workflow that combines the isolation of thrombus by endovascular thrombectomy and peptide chromatographic fractionation coupled to mass-spectrometry. Using this workflow, we have characterized a specific proteomic expression profile derived from four AIS patients included in this study. Around 1600 protein species were unambiguously identified in the analyzed material. Functional bioinformatics analyses were performed, emphasizing a clustering of proteins with immunological functions as well as cardiopathy-related proteins with blood-cell dependent functions and peripheral vascular processes. In addition, we established a reference proteomic fingerprint of 341 proteins commonly detected in all patients. Protein interactome network of this subproteome revealed protein clusters involved in the interaction of fibronectin with 14-3-3 proteins, TGFß signaling, and TCP complex network. Taken together, our data contributes to the repertoire of the human thrombus proteome, serving as a reference library to increase our knowledge about the molecular basis of thrombus derived from AIS patients, paving the way toward the establishment of a quantitative approach necessary to detect and characterize potential novel biomarkers in the stroke field.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Proteômica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/metabolismo , Trombose/metabolismo , Idoso , Biomarcadores/análise , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Proteoma/análise , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Trombectomia , Trombose/cirurgia
20.
J Proteome Res ; 17(3): 1172-1182, 2018 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29338241

RESUMO

Protein S-nitrosylation is a cysteine post-translational modification mediated by nitric oxide. An increasing number of studies highlight S-nitrosylation as an important regulator of signaling involved in numerous cellular processes. Despite the significant progress in the development of redox proteomic methods, identification and quantification of endogeneous S-nitrosylation using high-throughput mass-spectrometry-based methods is a technical challenge because this modification is highly labile. To overcome this drawback, most methods induce S-nitrosylation chemically in proteins using nitrosylating compounds before analysis, with the risk of introducing nonphysiological S-nitrosylation. Here we present a novel method to efficiently identify endogenous S-nitrosopeptides in the macrophage total proteome. Our approach is based on the labeling of S-nitrosopeptides reduced by ascorbate with a cysteine specific phosphonate adaptable tag (CysPAT), followed by titanium dioxide (TiO2) chromatography enrichment prior to nLC-MS/MS analysis. To test our procedure, we performed a large-scale analysis of this low-abundant modification in a murine macrophage cell line. We identified 569 endogeneous S-nitrosylated proteins compared with 795 following exogenous chemically induced S-nitrosylation. Importantly, we discovered 579 novel S-nitrosylation sites. The large number of identified endogenous S-nitrosylated peptides allowed the definition of two S-nitrosylation consensus sites, highlighting protein translation and redox processes as key S-nitrosylation targets in macrophages.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Compostos Nitrosos/metabolismo , Organofosfonatos/química , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Proteoma/metabolismo , Titânio/química , Animais , Ácido Ascórbico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Ascórbico/química , Ontologia Genética , Camundongos , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Proteoma/análise , Proteômica/métodos , Células RAW 264.7 , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
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