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1.
Endocrinol. nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 59(2): 131-139, feb. 2012. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-97390

RESUMO

En los últimos cincuenta años, la obesidad se ha transformado en una epidemia global y figura en la lista de los principales problemas de salud pública en varios países del mundo. La adolescencia representa un periodo crítico para el control del peso. Los factores determinantes de la obesidad incluyen un complejo conjunto de factores biológicos, comportamentales y ambientales que se interrelacionan y se potencializan mutuamente. En niños y adolescentes, la obesidad se asocia a la aparición precoz de enfermedades cardiovasculares, diabetes mellitus tipo 2, acanthosis nigricans, complicaciones respiratórias y músculo-esqueléticas, además de problemas psicológicos. Las manifestaciones clínicas de las enfermedades cardiovasculares comienzan a partir de la mediana edad. Sin embargo, estudios indican que el proceso aterosclerótico empieza en la infancia. La hiperlipemia postprandial es un proceso fisiológico que ocurre varias veces al día después de la absorción completa de una dieta con lípidos y es sugerido cómo factor de riesgo para enfermedad arterial coronaria. Nuevas áreas de estudio incluyen los efectos de los diferentes ácidos grasos, las fuentes de los lípidos (endógenos y exógenos) y el efecto de la bebida alcohólica durante la alimentación. Con la evidencia de que la lipemia postprandial es un factor de riesgo independiente para enfermedad arterial coronaria, es de fundamental importancia el establecimiento de valores normativos en niños y adolescentes, pues, de esa forma, medidas preventivas y terapéuticas más efectivas y eficaces podrán ser adoptadas (AU)


In the last 50 years, obesity has become a global epidemic and is one of the main public health problems in many parts of the world. Adolescence is a critical period regarding weight control. The factors determining obesity include a complex group of interrelated biological, behavioral and environmental factors which reinforce each other. In children and adolescents, obesity is associated with premature cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus type 2, acanthosis nigricans, respiratory and skeletal muscle problems, as well as psychological problems. The clinical manifestations of cardiovascular disease begin in middle age. Nevertheless, studies indicate that the atherosclerotic process begins to develop during childhood. Postprandial hyperlipemia is a physiological process that occurs several times a day after the complete absorption of a diet including lipids and has been suggested as a risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). New study areas include the effects of different fatty acids, lipid sources (endogenous and exogenous), and the effect ingesting alcoholic beverages during meals. Given the evidence that postprandial lipidemia is an independent risk factor for CHD, it is vital to establish normative values for children and adolescents such that more effective and efficient preventive and therapeutic measures can be adopted (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Obesidade/metabolismo , Lipídeos/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Prandial/fisiologia , Fatores de Risco
2.
Endocrinol Nutr ; 59(2): 131-9, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22137533

RESUMO

In the last 50 years, obesity has become a global epidemic and is one of the main public health problems in many parts of the world. Adolescence is a critical period regarding weight control. The factors determining obesity include a complex group of interrelated biological, behavioral and environmental factors which reinforce each other. In children and adolescents, obesity is associated with premature cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus type 2, acanthosis nigricans, respiratory and skeletal muscle problems, as well as psychological problems. The clinical manifestations of cardiovascular disease begin in middle age. Nevertheless, studies indicate that the atherosclerotic process begins to develop during childhood. Postprandial hyperlipemia is a physiological process that occurs several times a day after the complete absorption of a diet including lipids and has been suggested as a risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). New study areas include the effects of different fatty acids, lipid sources (endogenous and exogenous), and the effect ingesting alcoholic beverages during meals. Given the evidence that postprandial lipidemia is an independent risk factor for CHD, it is vital to establish normative values for children and adolescents such that more effective and efficient preventive and therapeutic measures can be adopted.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Hiperlipidemias/complicações , Obesidade/complicações , Adolescente , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Criança , Humanos , Inflamação/etiologia , Período Pós-Prandial , Fatores de Risco
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