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1.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 32(1): 45-48, feb. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET2-3436

RESUMO

Objetivo. Evaluar los resultados de la formación mixta frente a la presencial en un curso de soporte vital básico/desfibrilador externo automático (SVB/DEA), así como su retención a los 9 meses. Método. Estudio experimental aleatorizado que compara los resultados de la formación en SVB/DEA entre un grupo control (GC) que recibió formación presencial de 4 horas frente a un grupo experimental (GE) que recibió formación en metodología mixta: 2 horas virtuales y 2 horas presenciales. Resultados. Participaron 89 alumnos (45 del GC y 44 del GE). Después de la formación, el GC obtuvo mejores puntuaciones en conocimientos [8,6 (DE 0,9) frente a 8,0 (DE 1,14), p = 0,013]. El GE obtuvo mejores puntuaciones en las habilidades del tiempo en segundos de "hands off" y en el porcentaje de la rexpansión completa del tórax. Los conocimientos decaen a los 9 meses, pero sin diferencias entre los dos grupos. La retención global baja de 8,31 (DE 1,1) a 6,04 (DE 1,6) (p = 0,001), en 9 meses, pero de forma similar en ambos grupos. En las habilidades prácticas no hubo diferencias entre los dos grupos ni al finalizar el curso ni a los 9 meses. Conclusiones. Con la metodología virtual se obtienen mejores resultados en algunos parámetros de las habilidades


Objective. To evaluate the immediate and 9-month results of blended versus standard training in basic life support and the use of an automatic external defibrillator (BLS/AED). Methods. Randomized trial comparing the results of standard BLS/AED training to blended training. The control group received 4 hours of standard instruction from a trainer and the experimental blended-training group received 2 hours of virtual training and 2 hours of in-person instruction. Results. Eighty-nine students participated, 45 in the control group and 44 in the experimental group. The controls achieved better mean (SD) knowledge scores immediately after training (8.6 [0.9] vs 8.0 [1.14] in the experimental group, P=.013). The blended training group scored better on certain skill markers (hands-off time in seconds and compressions followed by complete chest recoil). Participant knowledge had decreased at 9 months without significant between-group differences. Overall, retention fell from a score of 8.31 (1.1) to 6.04 (1.6) (P=.001) in 9 months and the loss was similar in the 2 groups. No differences in practical skills between the groups were observed at the end of the course or 9 months later. Conclusions. The blended training method led to better results on some skill ítems

2.
Emergencias ; 32(1): 45-48, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909912

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the immediate and 9-month results of blended versus standard training in basic life support and the use of an automatic external defibrillator (BLS/AED). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Randomized trial comparing the results of standard BLS/AED training to blended training. The control group received 4 hours of standard instruction from a trainer and the experimental blended-training group received 2 hours of virtual training and 2 hours of in-person instruction. RESULTS: Eighty-nine students participated, 45 in the control group and 44 in the experimental group. The controls achieved better mean (SD) knowledge scores immediately after training (8.6 [0.9] vs 8.0 [1.14] in the experimental group, P=.013). The blended training group scored better on certain skill markers (hands-off time in seconds and compressions followed by complete chest recoil). Participant knowledge had decreased at 9 months without significant between-group differences. Overall, retention fell from a score of 8.31 (1.1) to 6.04 (1.6) (P=.001) in 9 months and the loss was similar in the 2 groups. No differences in practical skills between the groups were observed at the end of the course or 9 months later. CONCLUSION: The blended training method led to better results on some skill items.

3.
Rev. logop. foniatr. audiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 37(1): 4-13, ene.-mar. 2017. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-159755

RESUMO

Introducción. La limitación de la movilidad lingual en neonatos puede ocasionar problemas en la lactancia, entre ellos: dolor-grietas-mastitis en la madre, mal progreso de peso del neonato y duración excesivamente larga de las tomas. El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar la efectividad de los tratamientos realizados en los pacientes con anquiloglosia y trastornos de succión. Material y métodos. Estudio descriptivo preliminar de la efectividad del circuito establecido entre los servicios de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial, Logopedia y Rehabilitación Orofacial y Lactancia Materna para el tratamiento de los pacientes que acuden con problemas de lactancia materna y se les diagnostica anquiloglosia. Resultados. Se trató a 61 pacientes de edades entre 0 y 6meses con anquiloglosia asociada a problemas clínicos relacionados con la lactancia: 20 niñas (32.8%) y 41 niños (67.2%). Se establecieron 3 grupos según el tratamiento realizado: grupo1 (n=6) únicamente las sesiones de lactancia materna (SLM), grupo2 (n=19) terapia miofuncional (TMF) y asesoramiento en SLM, y grupo3 (n=36) frenotomía y siguieron TMF y asesoramiento de SLM. La anquiloglosia tipoiii es el frenillo lingual más frecuente (57.4%). En el total de la muestra se observaron mejorías en los parámetros que valoran la efectividad y el confort de la lactancia materna. Conclusiones. Mejorar la succión es posible; se recomienda estimular la succión con terapia miofuncional antes y después de la frenotomía, y también en aquellos casos en los que no será necesaria la cirugía (AU)


Introduction. The limitation of lingual mobility in newborns can cause problems in lactation. Among these problems are, soreness, cracked nipples or mastitis in the mother, poor weight gain of the newborn, and an excessively prolonged period of time in each breastfeed. The aim of this study is evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment received by the newborns with breastfeeding problems and ankyloglossia. Material and methods. A preliminary study of the effectiveness of the circuit established between the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Speech Therapy and Orofacial Rehabilitation and the Breastfeeding Department to treat patients that attended the hospital with breastfeeding problems and were diagnosed with ankyloglossia. Results. A total of 61 patients with ages between 0 and 6 months had ankyloglossia were seen due to clinical problems related to breastfeeding. Of these, 20 (32.8%) were girls and 41 (67.2%) were boys. Three groups were established in accordance with the treatment carried out: group1 (n=6) solely from the Breastfeeding Sessions (BFS), group2 (n=19) Myofunctional Therapy (MFT) and BFS, and group3 (n=36) Frenotomy, followed by MFT and BFS. Ankyloglossia type3 was the most frequent lingual frenulum (57.4%). From the total sample, improvements were observed in the parameters that assessed the effectiveness and comfort of breastfeeding. Conclusions. Improving breastfeeding is possible, and in some cases, surgery should not be necessary. If surgery is required, it is recommended to stimulate suction before and after the frenotomy with myofunctional therapy (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Comportamento de Sucção/fisiologia , Terapia Miofuncional/instrumentação , Terapia Miofuncional/métodos , Aleitamento Materno/métodos , Freio Lingual/patologia , Transtornos da Lactação/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Lactação/terapia , Anormalidades da Boca/complicações , Anormalidades da Boca/terapia , Avaliação de Eficácia-Efetividade de Intervenções
4.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 9(12): e1482-e1486, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29410766

RESUMO

Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a rare autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder in wich, the bone quality and density is affected. OI includes some metabolic disorders and have a wide range of clinical presentations. In Osteogenesis Imperfecta bone has a very low density and it is a disorder currently treated with bisphosphonates. Quality and quantity of bone is important for establishment of osseointegration in dental implants. There are few reported cases in the literature. This is a case report of a 61 year-old man with grade IV OI, rehabilitated with implant-supported fixed prostheses in the posterior right and left mandible, whithout bone grafts. At the 4-year follow-up, clinical and imaging study showed no evidence of pathology in the peri-implant tissues. The final outcome is a correct occlusion and masticatory function. This case shows that dental implants may be a treatment option in this patients, however there is still quite limited scientific evidence. Key words:Osteogenesis imperfecta, osteoporotic bone, dental implants, bone fragility, bisphosphonates, drilling technique.

5.
Case Rep Pediatr ; 2016: 3010594, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27688921

RESUMO

The problems of suction in newborns give rise to multiple consequences for both the mother and the newborn. The objective of this paper is to present a case of ankyloglossia ("tongue-tie") and the suction problems that were treated by a multidisciplinary team. The subject is a 17-day-old male patient, with ankyloglossia and suction problems during breastfeeding (pain in the breastfeeding mother, poor weight gain, and long breastfeeds). The patient followed the circuit established in our centre between the services of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Breastfeeding and Speech Therapy and Orofacial Rehabilitation (CELERE). The evolution following the breastfeeding sessions, the myofunctional stimulation, and the lingual frenotomy was very favourable, thereby solving the suction problems that the newborn presented. All our patients receive breastfeeding sessions and myofunctional therapy as treatment. We know that a frenotomy is not always necessary and we believe that the stimulation of sucking before and after the surgical intervention is important in order to improve the final result.

6.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 21(1): e39-e47, ene. 2016. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-149423

RESUMO

Background: Partial ankyloglossia is a limitation which restricts the possibility of protrusion and elevation of the tip of the tongue due to the shortness of either the lingual frenulum or the genioglossus muscles or both. The principal objective of this paper is to present our protocol of action for the treatment of ankyloglossia. The specific objectives are to study patients with ankyloglossia treated by the Service of Maxillofacial Surgery and the Service of Speech Therapy of our pediatric Hospital, describe the diagnostic procedures, the pre-surgical intervention, the surgical technique undertaken and the post-surgical rehabilitation taking into account the level of collaboration of the patients, and finally, describe the surgical complications and the referral of patients. Material and Methods: This is a descriptive study of healthy patients, without any diagnosis of syndrome, ranging between 4 and 14 years that have been surgically treated and rehabilitated post-surgery within a period of 2 years. Results: 101 frenectomies and lingual plasties have been performed and patients have been treated following the protocol of action that we hereby present. After the surgical intervention, the degree of ankyloglossia has been improved, considering correction in 29 (28%) of the patients (95% CI: 20%, 38%), reaching, with the post-surgical orofacial rehabilitation, a correction of 97 (96%) of the participants (95% CI: 90%, 98%). Conclusions: The chosen surgical technique for moderate-severe ankyloglossia in our centre is the frenectomy and lingual plasty. The myofunctional training begins one week before the surgical intervention so that the patients learn the exercises without pain (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Doenças da Língua/epidemiologia , Freio Lingual/fisiopatologia , Terapia Miofuncional/métodos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Freio Lingual/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes
7.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 21(1): e39-47, 2016 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26595832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Partial ankyloglossia is a limitation which restricts the possibility of protrusion and elevation of the tip of the tongue due to the shortness of either the lingual frenulum or the genioglossus muscles or both. The principal objective of this paper is to present our protocol of action for the treatment of ankyloglossia. The specific objectives are to study patients with ankyloglossia treated by the Service of Maxillofacial Surgery and the Service of Speech Therapy of our pediatric Hospital, describe the diagnostic procedures, the pre-surgical intervention, the surgical technique undertaken and the post-surgical rehabilitation taking into account the level of collaboration of the patients, and finally, describe the surgical complications and the referral of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a descriptive study of healthy patients, without any diagnosis of syndrome, ranging between 4 and 14 years that have been surgically treated and rehabilitated post-surgery within a period of 2 years. RESULTS: 101 frenectomies and lingual plasties have been performed and patients have been treated following the protocol of action that we hereby present. After the surgical intervention, the degree of ankyloglossia has been improved, considering correction in 29 (28%) of the patients (95% CI: 20%, 38%), reaching, with the post-surgical orofacial rehabilitation, a correction of 97 (96%) of the participants (95% CI: 90%, 98%). CONCLUSIONS: The chosen surgical technique for moderate-severe ankyloglossia in our centre is the frenectomy and lingual plasty. The myofunctional training begins one week before the surgical intervention so that the patients learn the exercises without pain.


Assuntos
Anormalidades da Boca/reabilitação , Anormalidades da Boca/cirurgia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Adolescente , Anquiloglossia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Protocolos Clínicos , Estudos de Coortes , Terapia Combinada , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
8.
Case Rep Pediatr ; 2015: 745718, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25893127

RESUMO

Intraosseous arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in the head and neck region are uncommon. There are several types and they can have a wide range of clinical presentations. Depending on the blood flow through the AVM, the treatment may be challenging for the attending team and may lead to life-threatening hemorrhages. A clinical case report is presented. A 9-year-old girl, seen for gingival bleeding during oral hygiene, was found to have a high-flow AVM located within and around the mandible. Two-stage treatment consisted of intra-arterial embolization followed by intraoral injection of a sclerosing agent 8 weeks later. At the 8-year follow-up, imaging study showed no evidence of recurrent lesion inside or outside the bone. The final outcome is a correct occlusion with a symmetric facial result. This case shows that conservative treatment may be the first treatment option mostly in children. Arteriography and transcortical injection were enough to control the AVM.

9.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 14(3): e146-e152, mar. 2009. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-136127

RESUMO

Unerupted supernumerary teeth, depending on the morphology, number and distribution can give rise to various alterations in the eruption and development of those permanent teeth to which they are related. Objectives: We aimed to make an epidemiological and descriptive study of the clinical characteristics of patients in Barcelona, their surgical treatment and how said treatment was hindered. Materials and methods: A descriptive study including 113 supernumerary teeth from 79 healthy pediatric patients between 5 and 19 years of age, which underwent surgery in our hospital during a 2 year period (May 2005 / May 2007), taking into account the variables of personal data, gender, age, location, number, morphology, positionaxis, radiological study, surgical treatment, related pathologies, and surgical complications. Results: Male patients (51) were more frequently affected than female (28) patients mainly within the central incisors-mesiodens (53.16%), in which the unique form (68.52%) predominates in conoid morphology (69.62%). Surgical treatment was done by palatal/lingual extraction (49.37%), with few surgical complications (only 1 case of post-surgical bleeding). Conclusion: Incidence in supernumerary teeth is higher among male patients (ratio M:F of 1.82:1). They are most frequently located in the maxilla (82%), specifically, in the premaxilla (77%). Most cases presented only one supernumerary tooth (68.5%) and, in multiple cases, the premolar region is predominant. The conoid shape is the commonest morphology (69.62%). Surgical extraction, was done by palatal/lingual in 49.37% of the cases, as opposed to the vestibular approach in 45.57% (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Dente Supranumerário/complicações , Dente Supranumerário/diagnóstico , Dente Supranumerário/epidemiologia , Dente Supranumerário/cirurgia , Dente não Erupcionado/complicações , Dente não Erupcionado/diagnóstico , Dente não Erupcionado/epidemiologia , Dente não Erupcionado/cirurgia , Espanha
10.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 14(3): E146-52, 2009 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19242396

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Unerupted supernumerary teeth, depending on the morphology, number and distribution can give rise to various alterations in the eruption and development of those permanent teeth to which they are related. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to make an epidemiological and descriptive study of the clinical characteristics of patients in Barcelona, their surgical treatment and how said treatment was hindered. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study including 113 supernumerary teeth from 79 healthy pediatric patients between 5 and 19 years of age, which underwent surgery in our hospital during a 2 year period (May 2005 / May 2007), taking into account the variables of personal data, gender, age, location, number, morphology, position-axis, radiological study, surgical treatment, related pathologies, and surgical complications. RESULTS: Male patients (51) were more frequently affected than female (28) patients mainly within the central incisors-mesiodens (53.16%), in which the unique form (68.52%) predominates in conoid morphology (69.62%). Surgical treatment was done by palatal/lingual extraction (49.37%), with few surgical complications (only 1 case of post-surgical bleeding). CONCLUSION: Incidence in supernumerary teeth is higher among male patients (ratio M:F of 1.82:1). They are most frequently located in the maxilla (82%), specifically, in the premaxilla (77%). Most cases presented only one supernumerary tooth (68.5%) and, in multiple cases, the premolar region is predominant. The conoid shape is the commonest morphology (69.62%). Surgical extraction, was done by palatal/lingual in 49.37% of the cases, as opposed to the vestibular approach in 45.57%.


Assuntos
Dente Supranumerário , Dente não Erupcionado , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Espanha , Dente Supranumerário/complicações , Dente Supranumerário/diagnóstico , Dente Supranumerário/epidemiologia , Dente Supranumerário/cirurgia , Dente não Erupcionado/complicações , Dente não Erupcionado/diagnóstico , Dente não Erupcionado/epidemiologia , Dente não Erupcionado/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
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