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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500171

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may reduce the antiplatelet effects of clopidogrel and/or aspirin, possibly leading to cardiovascular events. AIMS: We aimed to investigate the association between PPI and clinical outcomes in patients treated with ticagrelor monotherapy or conventional antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: This is a subanalysis of the randomized GLOBAL LEADERS trial, comparing the experimental antiplatelet arm (23-month ticagrelor monotherapy following 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy [DAPT]) with the reference arm (12-month aspirin monotherapy following 12-month DAPT) after PCI. Patient-oriented composite endpoints (POCEs: all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, or repeat revascularization) and its components were assessed stratified by PPI use as a time-dependent covariate in patients with the experiment or reference antiplatelet arm. RESULTS: Among 15,839 patients, 2115 patients (13.5%) experienced POCE at 2 years. In the reference arm, the use of PPIs was independently associated with POCE (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.27; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.12-1.44) and its individual components, whereas it was not in the experimental arm (HR: 1.04; 95% CI: 0.92-1.19; pinteraction = 0.035). During the second-year follow-up, patients taking aspirin with PPIs had a significantly higher risk of POCE compared to those on aspirin without PPIs (HR: 1.57; 95% CI: 1.27-1.94), whereas the risk did not differ significantly irrespective of PPI in ticagrelor monotherapy group (HR: 1.03; 95% CI: 0.83-1.28; pinteraction = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to conventional antiplatelet strategy, there were no evidence suggesting the interaction between ticagrelor monotherapy and PPIs on increased cardiovascular events, which should be confirmed in further studies. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524735

RESUMO

The effectiveness of transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) in patients with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) and pulmonary hypertension (PH) is still debated and pre-procedural predictors of haemodynamic improvement after TEER in this setting are currently unknown. We investigated whether normalization of pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP) in response to sodium nitroprusside (SNP) during baseline right heart catheterization might be predictive of a favourable haemodynamic response to MitraClip in patients with FMR and PH. Among 22 patients enrolled, 13 had a positive response to SNP (responders), nine were non-responders. At 6-months follow-up, responders showed a 33% reduction in PAWP and a 25% reduction in mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) (P = 0.002 and 0.004, respectively); no significant change occurred in non-responders. In patients with FMR and PH, pre-procedural vasodilator challenge with SNP may help define patients who may have haemodynamic improvement after TEER.

3.
Int J Cardiol ; 354: 7-13, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35176406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary artery disease (MINOCA) is frequent in patients experiencing an early-onset MI, but data concerning its long-term prognosis are limited and conflicting. METHODS: The Italian Genetic Study on Early-onset MI enrolled 2000 patients experiencing a first MI before the age of 45 years, and had a median follow-up of 19.9 years. The composite primary endpoint was cardiovascular (CV) death, non-fatal MI, and non-fatal stroke (MACE); the secondary endpoint was rehospitalisation for coronary revascularisation. RESULTS: MINOCA occurred in 317 patients (15.9%) and, during the follow-up, there was no significant difference in MACE rates between them and the patients with obstructive coronary artery disease (MICAD: 27.8% vs 37.5%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.79, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.57-1.09;p = 0.15). The CV death rate was lower in the MINOCA group (4.2% vs 8.4%, HR 0.26, 95%CI 0.08-0.86;p = 0.03), whereas the rates of non-fatal reinfarction (17.3% vs 25.4%; HR 0.76, 95%CI 0.52-1.13;p = 0.18), non-fatal ischemic stroke (9.5% vs 3.7%; HR 1.79, 95%CI 0.87-3.70;p = 0.12), and all-cause mortality (14.1% vs 20.7%, HR 0.73, 95%CI 0.43-1.25;p = 0.26) were not significantly different in the two groups. The rate of rehospitalisation for coronary revascularisation was lower among the MINOCA patients (6.7% vs 27.7%; HR 0.27, 95% CI 0.15-0.47;p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: MINOCA is frequent and not benign in patients with early-onset MI. Although there is a lower likelihood of CV death,the long-term risk of MACE and overall mortality is not significantly different from that of MICAD patients.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
5.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother ; 8(1): 28-38, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941620

RESUMO

AIMS: The five-item PRECISE-DAPT, integrating age, haemoglobin, white-blood-cell count, creatinine clearance, and prior bleeding, predicts bleeding risk in patients on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after stent implantation. We sought to assess whether the bleeding risk prediction offered by the PRECISE-DAPT remains valid among patients receiving ticagrelor monotherapy from 1 month onwards after coronary stenting instead of standard DAPT and having or not having centrally adjudicated bleeding endpoints. METHODS AND RESULTS: The PRECISE-DAPT was calculated in 14 928 and 7134 patients from GLOBAL LEADERS and GLASSY trials, respectively. The ability of the score to predict Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 3 or 5 bleeding was assessed and compared among patients on ticagrelor monotherapy (experimental strategy) or standard DAPT (reference strategy) from 1 month after drug-eluting stent implantation. Bleeding endpoints were investigator-reported or centrally adjudicated in GLOBAL LEADERS and GLASSY, respectively. At 2 years, the c-indexes for the score among patients treated with the experimental or reference strategy were 0.67 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.63-0.71] vs. 0.63 (95% CI: 0.59-0.67) in GLOBAL LEADERS (P = 0.27), and 0.67 (95% CI: 0.61-0.73) vs. 0.66 (95% CI: 0.61-0.72) in GLASSY (P = 0.88). Decision curve analysis showed net benefit using the PRECISE-DAPT to guide bleeding risk assessment under both treatment strategies. Results were consistent between investigator-reported and adjudicated endpoints and using the simplified four-item PRECISE-DAPT. CONCLUSION: The PRECISE-DAPT offers a prediction model that proved similarly effective to predict clinically relevant bleeding among patients on ticagrelor monotherapy from 1 month after coronary stenting compared with standard DAPT and appears to be unaffected by the presence or absence of adjudicated bleeding endpoints.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Ticagrelor/efeitos adversos
6.
Panminerva Med ; 64(1): 1-8, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) with MitraClip™ (Abbott Laboratories; Abbott Park, IL, USA) is an established treatment for mitral regurgitation (MR). More than one MitraClip™ may be implanted if a single one does not reduce MR adequately. We aimed to appraise the outlook of patients undergoing implantation of one, two or multiple MitraClip™ for TMVR. METHODS: Exploiting the ongoing prospective GISE Registry of Transcatheter Treatment of Mitral Valve Regurgitation (GIOTTO) Study dataset, we compared patients, procedural details and outcomes distinguishing those receiving one, two or multiple MitraClip™. The primary endpoint was the composite of 1-year cardiac death or rehospitalization for heart failure. Additional endpoints included all cause death, surgical mitral repair, and functional class. Multivariable adjusted Cox proportional hazard analysis was used for confirmatory purposes. RESULTS: As many as 1824 patients were included: 718 (39.4%) treated with a single MitraClip™, and 940 (51.5%) receiving two MitraClip™, and 166 (9.1%) receiving three or more. Significant differences were found for baseline features, including age, female gender, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, prior myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation, permanent pacemaker, cardiac resynchronization therapy, implantable cardioverter defibrillator, and prior mitral valve repair (all P<0.05). Several imaging features were also different, including left ventricular dimensions, MR severity and proportionality, mitral valve area, flail leaflet, and pulmonary vein flow (all P<0.05). Among procedural features, significant differences were found for anesthesia type, MitraClip™ type, fluoroscopy, device, and operating room times, postprocedural mitral gradient, residual MR, smoke-like effect, device success partial detachment and surgical conversion (all P<0.05). In-hospital death occurred more frequently in patients receiving multiple MitraClip™, and the same applied severe residual MR (all P<0.05). Mid-term follow-up (15±13 months) showed significant differences in the risk of death, cardiac death, rehospitalization for heart failure, and their composites, mainly, but not solely, associated with multiple MitraClip™ (all P<0.05). Adjusted analysis confirmed the significantly increased risk of composite adverse events when comparing the multiple vs. single MitraClip™ groups (P=0.014 for death and rehospitalization, P=0.013 for cardiac death or rehospitalization). CONCLUSIONS: Implantation of one or two MitraClip™ is associated with favorable clinical outcomes. Conversely, bail-out implantation of three or more MitraClip™ may portend a worse long-term prognosis.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(18): e015560, 2021 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533034

RESUMO

Background The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy after coronary drug-eluting stent placement in adults with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) versus acute coronary syndromes (ACS) remains uncertain. Methods and Results This was a prespecified subgroup analysis of the GLOBAL LEADERS trial. Participants were randomly assigned 1:1 to the experimental or reference strategy, stratified by ACS (experimental, n=3750; reference, n=3737) versus SCAD (experimental, n=4230; reference, n=4251). The experimental strategy was 75 to 100 mg aspirin daily plus 90 mg ticagrelor twice daily for 1 month, followed by 23 months of ticagrelor monotherapy. The reference strategy was 75 to 100 mg aspirin daily plus either 75 mg clopidogrel daily (for SCAD) or 90 mg ticagrelor twice daily (for ACS) for 12 months, followed by aspirin monotherapy for 12 months. The primary end point at 2 years was a composite of all-cause mortality or non-fatal centrally adjudicated new Q-wave myocardial infarction. The key secondary safety end point was site-reported Bleeding Academic Research Consortium grade 3 or 5 bleeding. The primary end point occurred in 147 (3.92%) versus 169 (4.52%) patients with ACS (rate ratio [RR], 0.86; 95% CI, 0.69-1.08; P=0.189), and in 157 (3.71%) versus 180 (4.23%) patients with SCAD (RR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.71-1.08; P=0.221) with experimental and reference strategy, respectively (P-interaction=0.926). Bleeding Academic Research Consortium grade 3 or 5 bleeding occurred in 73 (1.95%) versus 100 (2.68%) patients with ACS (RR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.54-0.98; P=0.037), and in 90 (2.13%) versus 69 (1.62%) patients with SCAD (RR, 1.32; 95% CI, 0.97-1.81; P=0.081; P-interaction=0.007). Conclusions While there was no evidence for differences in efficacy between treatment strategies by subgroup, the experimental strategy appeared to reduce bleeding risk in patients with ACS but not in patients with SCAD. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT01813435.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Ticagrelor/efeitos adversos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Clopidogrel , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico
9.
Int J Cardiol ; 342: 65-71, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed at appraising features and outcomes of patients undergoing MitraClip treatment according to their age. METHODS: We queried the prospective GIse registry Of Transcatheter treatment of mitral valve regurgitaTiOn (GIOTTO) multicenter registry dataset including 19 Italian centers performing MitraClip implantation, distinguishing patients <80 vs ≥80 years of age. RESULTS: In total, 1853 patients were included, 751 (40.5%) octogenarians and 1102 (59.5%) non-octogenarians. Several baseline and procedural features were significantly different, including gender, regurgitation etiology, and functional class (all p < 0.05). In-hospital outcomes were similarly satisfactory, with death occurring in 18 (2.4%) and 32 (2.9%, p = 0.561), respectively, and improvement in mitral regurgitation in 732 (97.4%) and 1078 (97.8%, p = 0.746), respectively. After a mean follow-up of 15 months, death occurred in 152 (20.2%) and 264 (24.0%), and cardiac death in 85 (11.3%) and 138 (12.5%), respectively (both p > 0.05). Rehospitalization for heart failure and the composite of cardiac death or rehospitalization for heart failure were significantly less common in octogenarians: 63 (8.4%) vs 156 (14.2%, p < 0.001), and 125 (16.6%) vs 242 (22.0%, p = 0.005), respectively. Multivariable analysis showed that these differences were largely due to confounding features, as after adjustment for baseline, clinical and imaging characteristics no significant difference was found for the above clinical endpoints. CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter mitral valve repair with the MitraClip in carefully selected octogenarians appears feasible and safe, and is associated with favorable clinical outcomes at mid-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 22(7): 539-545, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076601

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the pharmacodynamic effect of an oral loading dose of 'noncoated' ASA 300 mg vs. an intravenous bolus injection of lysine acetylsalicylate 150 mg in patients with STEMI undergoing pPCI. METHODS: This was a prospective single-center, open label, pharmacodynamic study, including nonconsecutive patients presenting at our catheterization laboratory with STEMI undergoing pPCI and not receiving ASA within the previous 7 days. Pharmacodynamic analyses were performed at five time points: baseline, and 1, 2, 4 and 12 h after the loading dose, and measured as ASA reaction units (ARU) by the Verify Now System. An ARU more than 550 was considered as nonresponsiveness to study drugs. The primary end point was the different rate of patients with ARU more than 550 at 2 h after the loading dose of oral vs. intravenous ASA. Secondary end points included the comparison of ARU more than 550 at the other time points and the comparison of continuous ARU at each time point. RESULTS: The study was planned with a sample size of 68 patients, but it was prematurely stopped due to slow enrollment after the inclusion of 23 patients, 12 randomized to oral ASA and 11 to intravenous lysine acetylsalicylate. At 2 h the rate of patients with ARU more than 550 was numerically but not significantly higher in patients receiving oral ASA as compared with intravenous lysine acetylsalicylate (33 vs. 14.2%; Δ -0.19, 95% confidence interval -0.59-0.21, P = 0.58). The difference over time was NS (P = 0.98), though the prevalence of ARU more than 550 was higher at the other time points. Both routes of administration reduced ARU values over time, though with no overall significant difference between profiles (P overall = 0.48). CONCLUSION: In patients with STEMI undergoing pPCI the rate of nonresponsiveness to ASA was not different comparing an oral 'noncoated' loading dose of ASA with an intravenous bolus injection of lysine acetylsalicylate. However, as patient enrollment was prematurely terminated, this study is underpowered to draw a definite conclusion.


Assuntos
Aspirina/análogos & derivados , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Lisina/análogos & derivados , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Idoso , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/farmacocinética , Unidades de Cuidados Coronarianos/métodos , Unidades de Cuidados Coronarianos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Lisina/administração & dosagem , Lisina/farmacocinética , Masculino , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/farmacocinética , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia
11.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(7): 2140-2143, 2021 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34039505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contrast associated-acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) has been associated with adverse outcomes after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, early markers of CA-AKI are still needed to improve risk stratification. We investigated the association between elevated serum uric acid (eSUA) and CA-AKI in patients with STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Serum creatinine (Scr) was measured at admission and 24, 48 and 72 h after pPCI. CA-AKI was defined as an increase of 25% (CA-AKI 25%) or 0.5 mg/dl (CA-AKI 0.5) of Scr level above the baseline after 48 h following contrast administration. Multivariable analyses to investigate CA-AKI predictors were performed by binary logistic regression and multivariable backward logistic regression model. In the 3023 patients considered, CA-AKI was more frequent among patients with eSUA as compared with patients with normal SUA levels, considering both CA-AKI definitions (CA-AKI25%: 20.8% vs 16.2%, p < 0.012; CA-AKI 0.5: 10.1% vs 5.8%, p < 0.001). The association between eSUA and CA-AKI was confirmed at multivariable analyses (CA-AKI 25%: odd ratio 1.32, 95% CI 1.03-1.69, p = 0.027; CA-AKI 0.5: odd ratio 1.76, 95% CI 1.11-2.79, p = 0.016). CONCLUSION: Elevated serum uric acid is associated with CA-AKI after reperfusion in patients with STEMI treated with pPCI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Hiperuricemia/sangue , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Hiperuricemia/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima
12.
Am J Med ; 134(9): 1135-1141.e1, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33971166

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Worse outcomes have been reported for women, compared with men, after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Whether this difference persists in elderly patients undergoing similar invasive treatment has not been studied. We investigated sex-related differences in 1-year outcome of elderly acute coronary syndrome patients treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Patients 75 years and older successfully treated with PCI were selected among those enrolled in 3 Italian multicenter studies. Cox regression analysis was used to assess the independent predictive value of sex on outcome at 12-month follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 2035 patients (44% women) were included. Women were older and most likely to present with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), diabetes, hypertension, and renal dysfunction; men were more frequently overweight, with multivessel coronary disease, prior myocardial infarction, and revascularizations. Overall, no sex disparity was found about all-cause (8.3% vs 7%, P = .305) and cardiovascular mortality (5.7% vs 4.1%, P = .113). Higher cardiovascular mortality was observed in women after STEMI (8.8%) vs 5%, P = .041), but not after non ST-elevation-ACS (3.5% vs 3.7%, P = .999). A sensitivity analysis excluding patients with prior coronary events (N = 1324, 48% women) showed a significantly higher cardiovascular death in women (5.4% vs 2.9%, P = .025). After adjustment for baseline clinical variables, female sex did not predict adverse outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Elderly men and women with ACS show different clinical presentation and baseline risk profile. After successful PCI, unadjusted 1-year cardiovascular mortality was significantly higher in women with STEMI and in those with a first coronary event. However, female sex did not predict cardiovascular mortality after adjustment for the different baseline variables.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Medição de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Mortalidade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
13.
G Ital Cardiol (Rome) ; 22(5): 377-385, 2021 May.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33960981

RESUMO

Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) still represents the main cause of long-term graft loss after heart transplantation. Its silent clinical presentation makes an early identification difficult, with relevant implications for a standardized follow-up. Although technological advances have provided sophisticated non-invasive techniques for CAV assessment, intravascular ultrasound in conjunction with coronary angiography is still the gold standard to detect rapidly progressive CAV and to provide prognostic information during follow-up. Current guidelines recommend annual coronary angiography during the first 5 years and every 2 years thereafter. Although commonly performed, coronary angiography has multiple limitations, especially in young patients and in case of chronic kidney disease. This article aims to review the literature about the monitoring of CAV and to propose an ideal and individualized pathway for early diagnosis of CAV in transplanted patients, based on their cardiovascular risk.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Transplante de Coração , Aloenxertos , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Humanos
14.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 14(2): e006581, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Event adjudication by a clinical event committee (CEC) provides a standardized, independent outcome assessment. However, the added value of CEC to investigators reporting remains debated. GLASSY (GLOBAL LEADERS Adjudication Sub-Study) implemented, in a subset of the open-label, investigator-reported (IR) GLOBAL LEADERS trial, an independent adjudication process of reported and unreported potential outcome events (triggers). We describe metrics of GLASSY feasibility and efficiency, diagnostic accuracy of IR events, and their concordance with corresponding CEC-adjudicated events. METHODS: We report the proportion of myocardial infarction, bleeding, stroke, and stent thrombosis triggers with sufficient evidence for assessment (feasibility) that were adjudicated as outcome events (efficiency), stratified by source (IR or non-IR). Using CEC-adjudicated events as criterion standard, we describe sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, and global diagnostic accuracy of IR events. Using Gwet AC coefficient, we examine the concordance between IR- and corresponding CEC-adjudicated triggers. There was sufficient evidence for assessment for 2592 (98.3%) of 2636 triggers. RESULTS: Overall, the adjudicated end point-to-trigger ratio was high and similar between IR- (88%) and non-IR-reported (87%) triggers. The global diagnostic accuracy and concordance between IR-reported and CEC-adjudicated outcome events was 0.70 (95% CI, 0.65-0.74) and 0.54 (95% CI, 0.45-0.62), respectively, for myocardial infarction; 0.77 (95% CI, 0.75-0.79) and 0.71 (95% CI, 0.68-0.74) for bleeding; 0.70 (95% CI, 0.62-0.79) and 0.59 (95% CI, 0.43-0.74) for stroke; 0.59 (95% CI, 0.52-0.66) and 0.39 (95% CI, 0.25-0.53) for stent thrombosis. For IR bleedings, the concordance with the CEC on type of events was generally weak. CONCLUSIONS: Implementing CEC adjudication in a pragmatic open-label trial with IR events is feasible and efficient. Our findings of modest global diagnostic accuracy for IR events and generally weak concordance between investigators and CEC support the role for CEC adjudication in such settings. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03231059.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Hemorragia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(4): 444-456, 2021 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602441

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare ticagrelor monotherapy with dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents. BACKGROUND: The role of abbreviated DAPT followed by an oral P2Y12 inhibitor after PCI remains uncertain. METHODS: Two randomized trials, including 14,628 patients undergoing PCI, comparing ticagrelor monotherapy with standard DAPT on centrally adjudicated endpoints were identified, and individual patient data were analyzed using 1-step fixed-effect models. The protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42019143120). The primary outcomes were the composite of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 3 or 5 bleeding tested for superiority and, if met, the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke at 1 year, tested for noninferiority against a margin of 1.25 on a hazard ratio (HR) scale. RESULTS: Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 3 or 5 bleeding occurred in fewer patients with ticagrelor than DAPT (0.9% vs. 1.7%, respectively; HR: 0.56; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.41 to 0.75; p < 0.001). The composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke occurred in 231 patients (3.2%) with ticagrelor and in 254 patients (3.5%) with DAPT (HR: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.76 to 1.10; p < 0.001 for noninferiority). Ticagrelor was associated with lower risk for all-cause (HR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.52 to 0.96; p = 0.027) and cardiovascular (HR: 0.68; 95% CI: 0.47 to 0.99; p = 0.044) mortality. Rates of myocardial infarction (2.01% vs. 2.05%; p = 0.88), stent thrombosis (0.29% vs. 0.38%; p = 0.32), and stroke (0.47% vs. 0.36%; p = 0.30) were similar. CONCLUSIONS: Ticagrelor monotherapy was associated with a lower risk for major bleeding compared with standard DAPT, without a concomitant increase in ischemic events.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária , Quimioterapia Combinada , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Ticagrelor/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(2): 608-614, 2021 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite elevated serum uric acid (eSUA) has been identified as independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, its prognostic value in the setting of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is still controversial. Although the mechanisms of this possible relationship are unsettled it has been suggested that eSUA could trigger the inflammatory response. This study sought to investigate the association between eSUA with short- and long-term mortality and with inflammatory response in patients with STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Blood samples were collected on admission and at 24 and 48 h after pPCI: the inflammatory biomarkers C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil count and neutrophil to lymphocytes ratio (NLR) were considered. Baseline eSUA was defined as ≥6.8 mg/dl. Cumulative 30-days and 1-year mortalities were estimated using the Kaplan-Meyer analysis. Multivariable analyses were performed by Cox proportional hazard models. In the 2369 patients with STEMI considered, 30-day mortality was 5.8% among patients with eSUA and 2% among patient with normal SUA level (p < 0.001); 1-year mortality was 8.5% vs 4%, respectively (p < 0.001). At multivariable analyses eSUA was an independent predictor of 30-day mortality (HR 1.196, 95%CI 1.006-1.321, p = 0.042) and 1-year mortality (HR 1.178, 95%CI 1.052-1.320, p = 0.005). eSUA patients presented higher values in on admission CRP (p < 0.001) and in neutrophil count and NLR at 24 h (respectively, p = 0.020 and p < 0.001) and at 48 h (p = 0.018 and p < 0.001) compared to patients with normal SUA levels. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated serum uric acid is associated with higher short- and long-term mortality and with a greater inflammatory response after reperfusion in patients with STEMI treated with primary PCI.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/diagnóstico , Hiperuricemia/mortalidade , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/mortalidade , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima
19.
CJC Open ; 2(4): 236-243, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32695974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The residual burden of coronary artery disease after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been associated with worse ischemic outcome. However, data are conflicting in elderly patients. The aim of our study was to verify the incremental value of the residual Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score (rSS) over clinical variables and baseline SYNTAX score (bSS) in predicting 1-year mortality or cardiovascular events. METHODS: A post hoc analysis of data collected in the Elderly-ACS 2 multicenter randomized trial was performed. We included 630 patients aged > 75 years with multivessel coronary disease undergoing PCI for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The primary outcome was a composite of death, recurrent myocardial infarction, and stroke at 1-year follow up. Change in c-statistic and standardized net benefit were used to evaluate the incremental value of the rSS. RESULTS: Event rates were significantly higher in patients with incomplete revascularization (rSS > 8). When the rSS was included in a core Cox regression model containing age, previous myocardial infarction, and ACS type, the hazard ratio for patients with score values > 8 was 2.47 (95% confidence interval, 1.51-4.06). However, the core model with rSS did not increase the c-statistic compared with the core model with the bSS (from 0.69 to 0.70) and gave little incremental value in the standardized net benefit. CONCLUSIONS: In elderly patients with ACS with multivessel disease undergoing PCI, incomplete revascularization was associated with worse outcome at 1-year follow-up. However, there was no clear incremental value of the rSS in the prediction of 1-year adverse outcome compared with a model including clinical variables and bSS.


CONTEXTE: Le fardeau résiduel de la coronaropathie après une intervention coronarienne percutanée (ICP) a été associé à de moins bons résultats sur le plan ischémique. Les données recueillies chez les patients âgés sont toutefois contradictoires. Cette étude avait donc pour objectif de valider la valeur ajoutée du score SYNTAX (SYNergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with TAXus and cardiac surgery) résiduel (SSr) par rapport aux paramètres cliniques et au score SYNTAX initial (SSi) pour prédire la mortalité à 1 an et les manifestations cardiovasculaires. MÉTHODOLOGIE: Une analyse a posteriori des données de l'étude multicentrique avec répartition aléatoire Elderly-ACS 2 a été effectuée. Pour ce faire, 630 patients âgés de plus de 75 ans, atteints d'une coronaropathie multitronculaire et ayant subi une ICP pour traiter un syndrome coronarien aigu (SCA) ont été retenus. Le critère d'évaluation principal était composé du décès, de l'infarctus du myocarde récurrent et de l'accident vasculaire cérébral (AVC) au moment du suivi à 1 an. La variation de la statistique C et le bénéfice net normalisé ont servi à évaluer la valeur ajoutée du SSr. RÉSULTATS: Les manifestations étaient significativement plus fréquentes chez les patients dont la revascularisation était incomplète (SSr > 8). Lorsque le SSr a été pris en compte dans un modèle de régression de Cox de base ayant pour facteurs l'âge, les antécédents d'infarctus du myocarde et le type de SCA, le rapport des risques instantanés pour les patients ayant un score > 8 était de 2,47 (intervalle de confiance à 95 % : 1,51-4,06). L'intégration du SSr dans le modèle de base n'a toutefois pas donné lieu à une statistique C plus élevée que celle du SSi (0,70 vs 0,69) et conférait peu de valeur ajoutée sur le plan du bénéfice net normalisé. CONCLUSIONS: Chez les patients âgés présentant un SCA et une atteinte multitronculaire, et subissant une ICP, la revascularisation incomplète a été associée à de moins bons résultats au moment du suivi à 1 an. Le SSr n'a toutefois pas été clairement associé à une valeur ajoutée pour prédire une issue défavorable à 1 an comparativement à un modèle reposant sur des paramètres cliniques et le SSi.

20.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872620920475, 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is common in patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome and its prevalence dramatically increases with age. Understanding the determinants of adverse outcomes in this extremely high-risk population may be useful for the development of specific treatment strategies and planning of secondary prevention modalities. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of baseline renal function and acute kidney injury on one-year outcome of elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome treated with percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: Patients aged 75 years and older with acute coronary syndrome undergoing successful percutaneous coronary intervention were selected among those enrolled in three Italian multicentre studies. Based on the baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault formula ([(140-age) × body weight × 0.85 if female]/(72 × serum creatinine)* 1.73 m2 of body surface area), patients were classified as having none or mild (eGFR ≥60 ml/min/1.73 m2), moderate (eGFR 30-59 ml/min/1.73 m2) or severe (eGFR <30 ml/min/1.73 m2) renal dysfunction. Acute kidney injury was defined according to the Acute Kidney Injury Network classification. All-cause and cardiovascular mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction, rehospitalisation for cardiovascular causes, stroke and type 2, 3 and 5 Bleeding Academic Research Consortium bleedings were analysed up to 12 months. RESULTS: A total of 1904 patients were included. Of these, 57% had moderate and 11% severe renal dysfunction. At 12 months, patients with renal dysfunction had higher rates (P < 0.001) of all-cause (4.5%, 7.5% and 17.8% in patients with none or mild, moderate and severe renal dysfunction, respectively) and cardiovascular mortality (2.8%, 5.2% and 10.2%, respectively). After multivariable adjustment, severe renal dysfunction was associated with a higher risk of all-cause (hazard ratio (HR) 2.86, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.52-5.37, P = 0.001) and cardiovascular death (HR 3.11, 95% CI 1.41-6.83, P = 0.005), whereas non-fatal events were unaffected. Acute kidney injury incidence was significantly higher in ST-elevation myocardial infarction versus non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome patients (11.7% vs. 7.8%, P = 0.036) and in those with reduced baseline renal function (P < 0.001), and it was associated with increased mortality independently from baseline renal function and clinical presentation. CONCLUSIONS: Baseline renal dysfunction is highly prevalent and is associated with higher mortality in elderly acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Acute kidney injury occurs more frequently among ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients and those with pre-existing renal dysfunction and is independently associated with one-year mortality.

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