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2.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1845, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456798

RESUMO

T follicular helper (Tfh) cells have emerged as a critical limiting factor for controlling the magnitude of neonatal germinal center (GC) reactions and primary vaccine antibody responses. We compared the functional attributes of neonatal and adult Tfh cells at the transcriptomic level and demonstrated that the Tfh cell program is well-initiated in neonates although the Tfh gene-expression pattern (i.e., CXCR5, IL-21, BCL6, TBK1, STAT4, ASCL2, and c-MAF) is largely underrepresented as compared to adult Tfh cells. Importantly, we identified a TH2-bias of neonatal Tfh cells, with preferential differentiation toward short-lived pre-Tfh effector cells. Remarkably, adjuvantation with CpG-ODNs redirect neonatal pre-Tfh cells toward committed GC-Tfh cells, as illustrated by increased expression of Tfh signature genes and reduced expression of TH2-related genes.

3.
BMC Nephrol ; 20(1): 322, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glomerulopathy with fibronectin deposits is an autosomal dominant disease associated with proteinuria, hematuria, hypertension and renal function decline. Forty percent of the cases are caused by mutations in FN1, the gene that encodes fibronectin. CASE PRESENTATION: This report describes two cases of Glomerulopathy with fibronectin deposits, involving a 47-year-old father and a 14-year-old son. The renal biopsies showed glomeruli with endocapillary hypercellularity and large amounts of mesangial and subendothelial eosinophilic deposits. Immunohistochemistry for fibronectin was markedly positive. Whole exome sequencing identified a novel FN1 mutation that leads to an amino-acid deletion in both patients (Ile1988del), a variant that required primary amino-acid sequence analysis for assessment of pathogenicity. Our primary sequence analyses revealed that Ile1988 is very highly conserved among relative sequences and is positioned in a C-terminal FN3 domain containing heparin- and fibulin-1-binding sites. This mutation was predicted as deleterious and molecular mechanics simulations support that it can change the tertiary structure and affect the complex folding and its molecular functionality. CONCLUSION: The current report not only documents the occurrence of two GFND cases in an affected family and deeply characterizes its anatomopathological features but also identifies a novel pathogenic mutation in FN1, analyzes its structural and functional implications, and supports its pathogenicity.

4.
Clin Nutr ; 2019 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30885503

RESUMO

High-fat diet increase two to three times the plasma lipopolysaccharide (LPS) levels and induce subclinical inflammation. Diet can modify gene expression due to epigenetic processes related to MicroRNAs (miRNAs). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important role in the post-transcriptional mechanisms involved in regulation of expression of genes related to the inflammatory response. Also, diet can indirectly induce post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression by miRNAs, which may affect the risk for the development of chronic diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effect of high-fat high-saturated meal ingestion on plasma miRNA expression and LPS levels during the postprandial period in healthy women. METHODS: An interventional study was carried out in which a high-fat breakfast (1067.45 kcal), composed mainly of saturated fatty acids (56 g), and 500 mL of water, was offered. Blood samples were collected at baseline and 1, 3 and 5 h after meal intake. The studied population consisted of healthy women (n = 11), aged between 20 and 40 years, and body mass index (BMI) between 18.5 and 25 kg/m2. Plasma levels of lipid profile, cytokines, adhesion molecules, and LPS were measured at the 3 time points. A profile of 752 human plasma miRNA expression was analyzed by real-time PCR assay. These analyzes were performed for all blood collection time-points. RESULTS: Expression profile analysis revealed 33 differentially expressed plasma circulating miRNAs compared to that of the control group. MiR-145-5p and miR-200 were differentially modulated in all time-points post meal consumption. In addition, there was a significant increase in plasma LPS, triglycerides, myristic and palmitic saturated fatty acids levels at the 3 time-points in comparison with the control basal levels. We also observed increased levels of the plasma tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) cytokine and the vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) levels after 5 h post meal ingestion. CONCLUSION: Ingestion of high-fat high-saturated meal was able to induce metabolic endotoxemia and increase the expression of pro-inflammatory molecules such as TNF-alpha and VCAM-1, as well as modulating circulating miRNAs possibly controlling inflammatory and lipid metabolism proteins at the postprandial period.

5.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 17990, 2017 12 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29269773

RESUMO

Chagas disease, caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, is endemic in Latin America. Its acute phase is associated with high parasitism, myocarditis and profound myocardial gene expression changes. A chronic phase ensues where 30% develop severe heart lesions. Mouse models of T. cruzi infection have been used to study heart damage in Chagas disease. The aim of this study was to provide an interactome between miRNAs and their targetome in Chagas heart disease by integrating gene and microRNA expression profiling data from hearts of T. cruzi infected mice. Gene expression profiling revealed enrichment in biological processes and pathways associated with immune response and metabolism. Pathways, functional and upstream regulator analysis of the intersections between predicted targets of differentially expressed microRNAs and differentially expressed mRNAs revealed enrichment in biological processes and pathways such as IFNγ, TNFα, NF-kB signaling signatures, CTL-mediated apoptosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, and Nrf2-modulated antioxidative responses. We also observed enrichment in other key heart disease-related processes like myocarditis, fibrosis, hypertrophy and arrhythmia. Our correlation study suggests that miRNAs may be implicated in the pathophysiological processes taking place the hearts of acutely T. cruzi-infected mice.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Trypanosoma cruzi/metabolismo , Animais , Doença de Chagas/imunologia , Doença de Chagas/patologia , Feminino , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
6.
Clin Infect Dis ; 65(7): 1103-1111, 2017 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28575239

RESUMO

Background: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is endemic in Latin America and affects 10 million people worldwide. Approximately 12000 deaths attributable to Chagas disease occur annually due to chronic Chagas disease cardiomyopathy (CCC), an inflammatory cardiomyopathy presenting with heart failure and arrythmia; 30% of infected subjects develop CCC years after infection. Genetic mechanisms play a role in differential progression to CCC, but little is known about the role of epigenetic modifications in pathological gene expression patterns in CCC patients' myocardium. DNA methylation is the most common modification in the mammalian genome. Methods: We investigated the impact of genome-wide cardiac DNA methylation on global gene expression in myocardial samples from end-stage CCC patients, compared to control samples from organ donors. Results: In total, 4720 genes were differentially methylated between CCC patients and controls, of which 399 were also differentially expressed. Several of them were related to heart function or to the immune response and had methylation sites in their promoter region. Reporter gene and in silico transcription factor binding analyses indicated promoter methylation modified expression of key genes. Among those, we found potassium channel genes KCNA4 and KCNIP4, involved in electrical conduction and arrythmia, SMOC2, involved in matrix remodeling, as well as enkephalin and RUNX3, potentially involved in the increased T-helper 1 cytokine-mediated inflammatory damage in heart. Conclusions: Results support that DNA methylation plays a role in the regulation of expression of pathogenically relevant genes in CCC myocardium, and identify novel potential disease pathways and therapeutic targets in CCC.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Doença de Chagas/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/parasitologia , Doença de Chagas/parasitologia , Doença Crônica , Impressões Digitais de DNA/métodos , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/genética , Coração/parasitologia , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/parasitologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Trypanosoma cruzi/patogenicidade , Adulto Jovem
7.
PLoS One ; 12(1): e0170191, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28121998

RESUMO

Autoimmune inflammatory reactions leading to rheumatic fever (RF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) result from untreated Streptococcus pyogenes throat infections in individuals who exhibit genetic susceptibility. Immune effector mechanisms have been described that lead to heart tissue damage culminating in mitral and aortic valve dysfunctions. In myxomatous valve degeneration (MXD), the mitral valve is also damaged due to non-inflammatory mechanisms. Both diseases are characterized by structural valve disarray and a previous proteomic analysis of them has disclosed a distinct profile of matrix/structural proteins differentially expressed. Given their relevance in organizing valve tissue, we quantitatively evaluated the expression of vimentin, collagen VI, lumican, and vitronectin as well as performed immunohistochemical analysis of their distribution in valve tissue lesions of patients in both diseases. We identified abundant expression of two isoforms of vimentin (45 kDa, 42 kDa) with reduced expression of the full-size protein (54 kDa) in RHD valves. We also found increased vitronectin expression, reduced collagen VI expression and similar lumican expression between RHD and MXD valves. Immunohistochemical analysis indicated disrupted patterns of these proteins in myxomatous degeneration valves and disorganized distribution in rheumatic heart disease valves that correlated with clinical manifestations such as valve regurgitation or stenosis. Confocal microscopy analysis revealed a diverse pattern of distribution of collagen VI and lumican into RHD and MXD valves. Altogether, these results demonstrated distinct patterns of altered valve expression and tissue distribution/organization of structural/matrix proteins that play important pathophysiological roles in both valve diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/patologia , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/patologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/patologia , Adulto , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Doenças Autoimunes/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo VI/análise , Matriz Extracelular/química , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Lumicana/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/química , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/imunologia , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/metabolismo , Domínios Proteicos , Proteômica , Cardiopatia Reumática/imunologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/metabolismo , Vimentina/análise , Vitronectina/análise
8.
J Infect Dis ; 215(3): 387-395, 2017 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28003350

RESUMO

Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, affects 7 million people in Latin American areas of endemicity. About 30% of infected patients will develop chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC), an inflammatory cardiomyopathy characterized by hypertrophy, fibrosis, and myocarditis. Further studies are necessary to understand the molecular mechanisms of disease progression. Transcriptome analysis has been increasingly used to identify molecular changes associated with disease outcomes. We thus assessed the whole-blood transcriptome of patients with Chagas disease. Microarray analysis was performed on blood samples from 150 subjects, of whom 30 were uninfected control patients and 120 had Chagas disease (1 group had asymptomatic disease, and 2 groups had CCC with either a preserved or reduced left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF]). Each Chagas disease group displayed distinct gene expression and functional pathway profiles. The most different expression patterns were between CCC groups with a preserved or reduced LVEF. A more stringent analysis indicated that 27 differentially expressed genes, particularly those related to natural killer (NK)/CD8+ T-cell cytotoxicity, separated the 2 groups. NK/CD8+ T-cell cytotoxicity could play a role in determining Chagas disease progression. Understanding genes associated with disease may lead to improved insight into CCC pathogenesis and the identification of prognostic factors for CCC progression.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Disfunção Ventricular/genética , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Citotoxicidade Imunológica/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Análise em Microsséries , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/patologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Disfunção Ventricular/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular/parasitologia
9.
Birth Defects Res C Embryo Today ; 108(4): 309-320, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28033660

RESUMO

Steroidogenic factor 1 (NR5A1, SF-1, Ad4BP) is a transcriptional regulator of genes involved in adrenal and gonadal development and function. Mutations in NR5A1 have been among the most frequently identified genetic causes of gonadal development disorders and are associated with a wide phenotypic spectrum. In 46,XY individuals, NR5A1-related phenotypes may range from disorders of sex development (DSD) to oligo/azoospermia, and in 46,XX individuals, from 46,XX ovotesticular and testicular DSD to primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). The most common 46,XY phenotype is atypical or female external genitalia with clitoromegaly, palpable gonads, and absence of Müllerian derivatives. Notably, an undervirilized external genitalia is frequently seen at birth, while spontaneous virilization may occur later, at puberty. In 46,XX individuals, NR5A1 mutations are a rare genetic cause of POI, manifesting as primary or secondary amenorrhea, infertility, hypoestrogenism, and elevated gonadotropin levels. Mothers and sisters of 46,XY DSD patients carrying heterozygous NR5A1 mutations may develop POI, and therefore require appropriate counseling. Moreover, the recurrent heterozygous p.Arg92Trp NR5A1 mutation is associated with variable degrees of testis development in 46,XX patients. A clear genotype-phenotype correlation is not seen in patients bearing NR5A1 mutations, suggesting that genetic modifiers, such as pathogenic variants in other testis/ovarian-determining genes, may contribute to the phenotypic expression. Here, we review the published literature on NR5A1-related disease, and discuss our findings at a single tertiary center in Brazil, including ten novel NR5A1 mutations identified in 46,XY DSD patients. The ever-expanding phenotypic range associated with NR5A1 variants in XY and XX individuals confirms its pivotal role in reproductive biology, and should alert clinicians to the possibility of NR5A1 defects in a variety of phenotypes presenting with gonadal dysfunction. Birth Defects Research (Part C) 108:309-320, 2016. © 2016 The Authors Birth Defects Research Part C: Embryo Today: Reviews Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Fator Esteroidogênico 1/genética , Fator Esteroidogênico 1/fisiologia , Adolescente , Insuficiência Adrenal , Adulto , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento Sexual/genética , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento Sexual/metabolismo , Feminino , Transtornos Gonadais/genética , Transtornos Gonadais/metabolismo , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação , Fenótipo , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/genética , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/metabolismo , Fator Esteroidogênico 1/metabolismo
10.
J Infect Dis ; 214(1): 161-5, 2016 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26951817

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) modulate gene expression at the epigenetic, transcriptional, and posttranscriptional levels. Dysregulation of the lncRNA known as myocardial infarction-associated transcript (MIAT) has been associated with myocardial infarction. Chagas disease causes a severe inflammatory dilated chronic cardiomyopathy (CCC). We investigated the role of MIAT in CCC. A whole-transcriptome analysis of heart biopsy specimens and formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples revealed that MIAT was overexpressed in patients with CCC, compared with subjects with noninflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy and controls. These results were confirmed in a mouse model. Results suggest that MIAT is a specific biomarker of CCC.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/complicações , Doença de Chagas/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Doença de Chagas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Fatores de Transcrição
11.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 9(6): e0003828, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26086673

RESUMO

Chagas disease is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, and it begins with a short acute phase characterized by high parasitemia followed by a life-long chronic phase with scarce parasitism. Cardiac involvement is the most prominent manifestation, as 30% of infected subjects will develop abnormal ventricular repolarization with myocarditis, fibrosis and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy by undefined mechanisms. Nevertheless, follow-up studies in chagasic patients, as well as studies with murine models, suggest that the intensity of clinical symptoms and pathophysiological events that occur during the acute phase of disease are associated with the severity of cardiac disease observed during the chronic phase. In the present study we investigated the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the disease progression in response to T. cruzi infection, as alterations in miRNA levels are known to be associated with many cardiovascular disorders. We screened 641 rodent miRNAs in heart samples of mice during an acute infection with the Colombiana T.cruzi strain and identified multiple miRNAs significantly altered upon infection. Seventeen miRNAs were found significantly deregulated in all three analyzed time points post infection. Among these, six miRNAs had their expression correlated with clinical parameters relevant to the disease, such as parasitemia and maximal heart rate-corrected QT (QTc) interval. Computational analyses identified that the gene targets for these six miRNAs were involved in networks and signaling pathways related to increased ventricular depolarization and repolarization times, important factors for QTc interval prolongation. The data presented here will guide further studies about the contribution of microRNAs to Chagas heart disease pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/metabolismo , Coração/fisiopatologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Transcriptoma/genética , Trypanosoma cruzi , Animais , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/patologia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Análise de Componente Principal , Transdução de Sinais/genética
12.
Clin Med Insights Cardiol ; 8: 79-86, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25232280

RESUMO

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) affects heart-valve tissue and is the most serious consequence of group A Streptococcus infection. Myxomatous degeneration (MXD) is the most frequent valvopathy in the western world. In the present work, key protein expression alterations in the heart-valve tissue of RHD and MXD patients were identified and characterized, with controls from cadaveric organ donors. Proteins were separated by two-dimensional (2D)-electrophoresis and identified by mass spectrometry. We found 17 differentially expressed protein spots, as compared to control samples. We observed an increased expression of ASAP-2 in the RHD patients' valves, while collagen-VI, haptoglobin-related protein, prolargin, and cartilage oligomeric protein showed reduced expression. Valve tissue of MXD patients, on the other hand, presented lower expression of annexin-A1 and A2, septin-2, SOD (Cu/Zn), and transgelin. Tissue samples from both valvopathies displayed higher expression of apolipoprotein-A1. Biglycan was downexpressed in both diseases. Vimentin and lumican showed higher expression in RHD and lower in MXD. These results suggest that key pathogenetic mechanisms are intrinsically distinct in RHD and MXD.

13.
Am J Cardiovasc Drugs ; 13(1): 1-4, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23355360

RESUMO

Streptococcus pyogenes causes severe, invasive infections such as the sequelae associated with acute rheumatic fever, rheumatic heart disease, acute glomerulonephritis, uncomplicated pharyngitis, and pyoderma. Efforts to produce a vaccine against S. pyogenes began several decades ago, and different models have been proposed. We have developed a vaccine candidate peptide, StreptInCor, comprising 55 amino acid residues of the C-terminal portion of the M protein and encompassing both the T- and B-cell protective epitopes. The present article summarizes data from the previous 5 years during which we tested the immunogenicity and safety of StreptInCor in different animal models. We showed that StreptInCor overlapping peptides induced cellular and humoral immune responses of individuals bearing different HLA class II molecules. These results are consistent with peptides that have a universal vaccine epitope. The tridimensional molecular structure of StreptInCor was elucidated by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, which showed that its structure is composed of two microdomains linked by an 18-residue α-helix. Additionally, we comprehensively evaluated the structural stability of the StreptInCor peptide in different physicochemical conditions using circular dichroism. Additional experiments were performed with inbred, outbred, and HLA class II transgenic mice. Analysis of several organs of these mice showed neither deleterious nor autoimmune reactions even after a long period of vaccination, indicating that the StreptInCor candidate peptide could be considered as an immunogenic and safe vaccine.


Assuntos
Febre Reumática/imunologia , Febre Reumática/prevenção & controle , Cardiopatia Reumática/imunologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/prevenção & controle , Infecções Estreptocócicas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Estreptocócicas/uso terapêutico , Streptococcus pyogenes/imunologia , Animais , Antígenos HLA/biossíntese , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/biossíntese , Humanos , Febre Reumática/epidemiologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/epidemiologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/epidemiologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/imunologia , Vacinas Estreptocócicas/imunologia , Streptococcus pyogenes/patogenicidade , Vacinação/métodos
14.
Auto Immun Highlights ; 4(3): 81-5, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26000146

RESUMO

Streptococcus pyogenes infections remain a health problem in multiple countries because of poststreptococcal sequelae, such as rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. The epidemiological growth of streptococcal diseases in undeveloped and developing countries has encouraged many groups to study vaccine candidates for preventing group A streptococcus infections. We developed a vaccine epitope (StreptInCor) composed of 55 amino acid residues of the C-terminal portion of the M protein that encompasses both T and B cell protective epitopes. Using human blood samples, we showed that the StreptInCor epitope is recognized by individuals bearing different HLA class II molecules and could be considered a universal vaccine epitope. In addition, the StreptInCor molecular structure was solved by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and a series of structural stability experiments was performed to elucidate its folding/unfolding mechanism. Using BALB-c and HLA class II transgenic mice, we evaluated the immune response over an extended period and found that StreptInCor was able to induce a robust immune response in both models. No cross-reaction was observed against cardiac proteins. The safety of the vaccine epitope was evaluated by analyzing histopathology, and no autoimmune or pathological reactions were observed in the heart or other organs. Vaccinated BALB/c mice challenged with a virulent strain of S. pyogenes had 100 % survival over 30 days. Taking all results into account, StreptInCor could be a safe and effective vaccine against streptococcus-induced disease.

15.
J Biol Chem ; 286(9): 6989-98, 2011 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21169359

RESUMO

Streptococcus pyogenes infections remain a health problem in several countries due to poststreptococcal sequelae. We developed a vaccine epitope (StreptInCor) composed of 55 amino acids residues of the C-terminal portion of the M protein that encompasses both T and B cell protective epitopes. The nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) structure of the StreptInCor peptide showed that the structure was composed of two microdomains linked by an 18-residue α-helix. A chemical stability study of the StreptInCor folding/unfolding process using far-UV circular dichroism showed that the structure was chemically stable with respect to pH and the concentration of urea. The T cell epitope is located in the first microdomain and encompasses 11 out of the 18 α-helix residues, whereas the B cell epitope is in the second microdomain and showed no α-helical structure. The prediction of StreptInCor epitope binding to different HLA class II molecules was evaluated based on an analysis of the 55 residues and the theoretical possibilities for the processed peptides to fit into the P1, P4, P6, and P9 pockets in the groove of several HLA class II molecules. We observed 7 potential sites along the amino acid sequence of StreptInCor that were capable of recognizing HLA class II molecules (DRB1*, DRB3*, DRB4*, and DRB5*). StreptInCor-overlapping peptides induced cellular and humoral immune responses of individuals bearing different HLA class II molecules and could be considered as a universal vaccine epitope.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/imunologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/imunologia , Vacinas Estreptocócicas , Streptococcus pyogenes/imunologia , Apresentação do Antígeno/imunologia , Epitopos de Linfócito B/química , Epitopos de Linfócito B/imunologia , Epitopos de Linfócito B/metabolismo , Epitopos de Linfócito T/química , Epitopos de Linfócito T/imunologia , Epitopos de Linfócito T/metabolismo , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/metabolismo , Humanos , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Estabilidade Proteica , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Infecções Estreptocócicas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Estreptocócicas/síntese química , Vacinas Estreptocócicas/imunologia , Vacinas Estreptocócicas/metabolismo
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