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1.
Adv Skin Wound Care ; 33(2): 91-97, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972581

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop and implement a point-of-care digital solution to streamline the creation and maintenance of wound care product formularies and promote cost-effective wound management. METHODS: Researchers used Design Thinking methodology to develop the Formulary Module, a point-of-care digital solution within a clinical and reimbursement decision support web application for wound care and hyperbaric clinicians. The module was implemented in a US hospital-based outpatient wound clinic as follows: A baseline list of products was established, with brands automatically grouped by product category. Brands within each dressing category were compared, and redundancy eliminated. Study authors assessed the financial impact of formulary implementation in the wound clinic by comparing inventory expenditure before and after implementation. RESULTS: Implementation of the digital Formulary Module resulted in a 36% decrease in products (67 to 43 across 22 types), 38.73% decrease in the monthly average dollar spent on chargeable products, 29.56% decrease in the average dollar amount spent on chargeable products per patient visit, and increased staff efficiency. CONCLUSIONS: The Formulary Module has the potential to increase the adoption of cost-effective practices in wound care significantly.

2.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(10): e201901007, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826150

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To conduct a scope review of the experimental model described by Walker and Mason, by identifying and analyzing the details of the method. METHODS: The authors searched Pubmed-Medline, Cochrane-Bireme and PEDro databases for articles published between January 2016 and December 2018, using the following search queries: burns, burn injuries, models animal, and animal experimentation. All articles whose authors used Walker and Mason's model - with or without changes to the method in Wistar rats - were included in this study. RESULTS: The search identified 45 mentions of Walker and Mason's model; however, after reading each summary, 20 were excluded (of which 5 due to duplicity). The inconsistencies observed after the scope review were: water temperature, length of time of exposure of the experimental model's skin to water, extent of the burnt area, and the description of the thickness/depth of the injury. CONCLUSIONS: Reproducibility of a scientific method is the basis to prove the veracity of the observed results. Thus, it is necessary to have a greater number of publications that adopt a reproducible scientific method, for this review found inconsistencies in the description of Walker and Mason's model.

3.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(9): e201900907, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800680

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe a case report of FG associated with NPWT in the treatment of complex wound on the distal third of the lower limb with bone exposure. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old patient with chronic left tibial osteomyelitis since childhood underwent extensive debridement of the distal tibial diaphysis (40% of bone thickness per 10 cm extension) and placement of bioactive glass S53P4. Distal necrosis occurred in the fasciocutaneous flap used as the primary bone coverage. After flap debridement, the case was resolved with FG, directly on the exposed bone and biomaterial, associated with NPWT. Three weeks after the first FG session over bony tissue, 100% granulation was achieved with NPWT. The closure was completed with thin laminated skin graft over the granulated wound area. DISCUSSION: The association of FG and NPWT is not known in the clinical practice. Except for the only one experimental study described by Kao et al.4, the theme was not addressed in the medical literature before. In this clinical case, the result obtained regarding the granulation tissue formation drew attention and prevented the use of more complex flaps such as the microsurgical ones. Accelerated granulation tissue formation was observed, filling an extensive and deep bone defect, even with infected bone and biomaterial. Low morbidity and no complications were observed with the use of FG associated with NPWT. When the grafted fat was compacted with the NPWT, it seemed to behave as a true autologous biological matrix with large amount of cells. To date, scientific studies on fat grafting have focused on the cellular aspect (adipocytes and mesenchymal cells), growth factors and fat differentiation in different tissues. The property of aspirated adipose tissue as a biological matrix seemed to be revealed by the application of NPWT in association with FG. This new roll for the aspirated fat tissue may represent a new research field in plastic surgery.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/transplante , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa/métodos , Osteomielite/cirurgia , Cicatrização , Vidro , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
4.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The number of bariatric surgeries for the treatment of morbid obesity has increased, and there is growing demand for postbariatric abdominoplasty. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impacts of Scarpa's fascia preservation on total drainage volume, time to drain removal, and seroma formation in anchor-line abdominoplasty. METHODS: A total of 42 postbariatric patients were randomly assigned to two groups and underwent anchor-line abdominoplasty. Scarpa's fascia was not preserved during abdominoplasty in one group (n = 21) but was preserved in the other group (n = 21). A suction drain was left in place until the drainage volume was less than 30 ml/24 h. Seroma formation was assessed by abdominal ultrasound on the twentieth postoperative day; only fluid collections greater than 30 ml were considered seromas. RESULTS: The time to drain removal was shorter, and the total drainage volume was lower in the fascial preservation group than in the fascial dissection group. However, no difference in the seroma formation rate was observed between the groups. CONCLUSION: Scarpa's fascia preservation decreased the drainage volume and the time to drain removal but not the rate of seroma formation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE II: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

5.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 384-390, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047160

RESUMO

Introdução: O tratamento de grandes e médias feridas é um desafio para os cirurgiões quando precisam fechálas e, normalmente, são utilizadas técnicas cirúrgicas de enxertias ou retalhos, que podem deixar sequelas e até mesmo mutilações. Ao longo do tempo desenvolveu-se a técnica de "sutura elástica" que promove a cicatrização em curto espaço de tempo com sequelas menores, entretanto o procedimento tem sido realizado com material improvisado. Objetivo: Desenvolver um fio de sutura elástico cirúrgico que possa ser esterilizado e confeccionado nos moldes dos produtos médicos cirúrgicos. Métodos: Revisão das patentes existentes por meio da busca de anterioridade e comparação com o dispositivo do estudo. Pesquisa de materiais com as características necessárias como elasticidade e tensão. Teste destas características em laboratórios especializados. Resultados: O produto desenvolvido é um fio elástico com duplo agulhamento para suturas, com matéria prima de silicone que apresenta elasticidade e resistência a tensão. Conclusão: O fio de sutura elástico, com duplo agulhamento, para feridas de médio e grande porte foi desenvolvido.


Introduction: Closing large and medium wounds is challenging for surgeons and often leads to the use of graft or flap surgical techniques. These procedures can leave sequelae and even mutilations. An "elastic suture" technique was developed to promote wound healing in a short time span with minor sequelae; however, improvised materials have been used in this procedure. Objective: To develop a surgical elastic suture thread that can be manufactured and sterilized following the standards of surgical medical products. Methods: We conducted a patent search, compared the findings with the study device, and researched materials with necessary characteristics such as elasticity and tension. Testing these characteristics in specialized laboratories. Results: The developed device is a double-needled elastic suture made of silicone that presents tensile strength. Conclusion: Here, we developed a double-needled elastic suture for medium and large wounds.


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XXI , Cirurgia Plástica , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Suturas/normas , Cicatrização , Técnicas de Sutura/instrumentação , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , Cirurgia Plástica/instrumentação , Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos/normas , Suturas , Cicatrização/ética , Ferimentos e Lesões , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/instrumentação
6.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 74: e883, 2019 05 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166474

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of breast reconstruction after mastectomy on sexual function, body image, and depression. METHODS: This cross-sectional, comparative, controlled study was conducted with 90 women between 18 and 65 years of age who had undergone either mastectomy alone (mastectomy group, n=30) or mastectomy combined with breast reconstruction (mastectomy-reconstruction group, n=30) at least one year prior to the study or who had no breast cancer (control group, n=30). Patients were assessed for sexual function, depression, and body image using the validated Brazilian-Portuguese versions of the Female Sexual Function Index, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Examination, respectively. RESULTS: The three groups were homogeneous for age, marital status, body mass index, and education level. The women in the mastectomy group reported significantly worse sexual function, greater depressive symptoms, and lower body image than those in the mastectomy-reconstruction and control groups. In the mastectomy group, the frequency of sexual dysfunction was significantly greater among patients without a marital partner and those with a higher level of education than among patients in the other two groups with the same characteristics. CONCLUSION: Patients who had undergone breast reconstruction after mastectomy reported better sexual function and body image and fewer depressive symptoms than patients who had undergone mastectomy alone. Sexual dysfunction was associated with the absence of a marital partner and a higher level of education and was more frequent in the mastectomy group.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Mamoplastia/psicologia , Mastectomia/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 43(3): 866-873, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30968210

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In two previous studies, the quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with the participation of at least one plastic surgeon was evaluated in two periods: 1966-2003 and 2004-2008. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evolution of the quality of RCT publications by plastic surgeons in the subsequent 5-year period, from 2009 to 2013. METHODS: RCTs published from 2009 to 2013 in English with the participation of at least one plastic surgeon were identified by electronic search and classified for concealment of allocation by two independent evaluators. The studies with adequate allocation concealment had their quality evaluated by two evaluators using the Delphi List and the Jadad Quality Scale. RESULTS: Of the 6997 identified studies, 261 were classified as to concealment of allocation. Of these, 43 (16.47%) had adequate allocation concealment. According to the evaluation in the Delphi List, there was an improvement, in relation to 1966-2003, in the items "most important characteristics of the prognosis" (p < 0.001), "use of independent evaluator" (p = 0.0029), and "measures of variability and point estimate for the primary variable" (p = 0.0057); there was no difference in relation to 2004-2008. Regarding the Jadad Quality Scale, there was an increase in scores in relation to 1966-2003 (p < 0.0004) but not in relation to the 2004-2008 period. CONCLUSION: There was no difference in the quality of publications of RCTs by plastic surgeons in the period 2009-2013 compared to the previous 5 years (2004-2008), but both periods presented higher quality than the period 1966-2003. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these evidence-based medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

8.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 43(3): 711-717, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868303

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: As the number of bariatric surgeries has increased, so has the demand for post-bariatric abdominoplasty. The aim of this study was to describe a new approach to anchor-line abdominoplasty for the treatment of post-bariatric surgery patients. METHODS: This prospective, longitudinal, single-center study was conducted with 20 women, 23-47 years of age, with a body mass index < 30 kg/m2, who had undergone gastroplasty. The vertical amount of tissue to be excised was estimated preoperatively by the pinch test. The amount of tissue to be removed by transverse resection was determined intraoperatively. Patient satisfaction with the body contour result was assessed. RESULTS: Patient self-assessment showed that 85% of patients were very satisfied, 10% were satisfied, and 5% were not very satisfied with the surgical results. There were no cases of flap necrosis or surgical wound dehiscence. CONCLUSION: The described technique resulted in improved body contour, good scar quality, and a high level of patient satisfaction. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

9.
Aesthet Surg J ; 39(Supplement_2): S78-S84, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30869750

RESUMO

The different types of sutures utilized in plications and for correction of diastasis during abdominoplasty are reviewed and discussed. Because correction of abdominal deformities also involves fascia and muscle advancement, this review also covers the suture materials used in muscle advancement. The selection of specific techniques to treat different types of abdominal wall deformity is also considered. This is important, because the outcome when correcting these deformities depends not only on suture materials but also on employing the optimum technique. A PubMed/Medline search was performed with the following search terms: rectus diastasis, diastasis recti, diastasis recti abdominis, correction of rectus diastasis, abdominoplasty. Relevant articles identifying the type of suture (rapidly absorbable, slowly absorbable, nonabsorbable), monofilament or multifilament sutures, antibiotic-coated sutures, and barbed sutures were evaluated. In addition, articles about surgical technique comparing continuous and interrupted sutures, in both the anterior and posterior aponeurosis, to correct rectus diastasis are discussed. Efficacy of suture materials was evaluated based on the long-term results and recurrence rates reported in these articles. The current literature provides sufficient data to recommend a single-layer continuous suture, with slowly absorbable sutures of 0 polydioxanone or 2-0 nylon, for correction of abdominal diastasis. An interrupted triangular suture is a good alternative to correct the vertical elongation of the myoaponeurotic layer that occurs after pregnancy.

10.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(1): 86-93, jan.-mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-994552

RESUMO

Introdução: Em dois estudos prévios, avaliou-se a qualidade dos ensaios clínicos aleatórios (ECAs) com a participação de pelo menos um cirurgião plástico, em dois períodos: 1966 a 2003 e 2004 a 2008. O objetivo é avaliar a evolução da qualidade das publicações de ECAs por cirurgiões plásticos no período subsequente de cinco anos, de 2009 a 2013. Métodos: ECAs publicados de 2009 a 2013, em língua inglesa, com a participação de pelo menos um cirurgião plástico, foram identificados por busca eletrônica e classificados quanto ao sigilo de alocação, por dois avaliadores independentes. Os estudos com sigilo de alocação adequado tiveram a qualidade avaliada por dois avaliadores, utilizando-se a Lista de Delphi e a Escala de Qualidade de Jadad. Resultados: Dos 6.997 estudos identificados, 261 foram classificados quanto ao sigilo de alocação. Destes, 43 (16,47%) tinham sigilo de alocação adequado. Segundo a avaliação pela Lista de Delphi, houve melhora, em relação a 1966-2003, nos itens "características mais importantes do prognóstico" (p < 0,001), "uso de avaliador independente" (p = 0,0029) e "medidas de variabilidade e estimativa de pontos para a variável primária" (p = 0,0057); não houve diferença em relação a 2004-2008. Quanto à Escala de Qualidade de Jadad, houve um aumento dos escores em relação a 1996-2003 (p < 0,0004), mas também sem diferença significante em relação ao período 2004-2008. Conclusão: Não houve diferença na qualidade das publicações de ECAs por cirurgiões plásticos no período de 2009 a 2013, em relação aos cinco anos anteriores (2004 a 2008). Entretanto, ambos os períodos apresentaram maior qualidade quando comparados ao período de 1966 a 2003.


Introduction: In two previous studies, the quality of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) with the participation of at least one plastic surgeon was assessed in two periods: from 1966 to 2003 and from 2004 to 2008. The objective is to evaluate the evolution of the quality of RCTs published by plastic surgeons in the subsequent five-year period, from 2009 to 2013. Methods: RCTs published from 2009 to 2013, in English, with the participation of at least one plastic surgeon, were identified by an electronic search and classified according to allocation concealment by two independent evaluators. The quality of the studies with adequate allocation concealment was evaluated by two evaluators using the Delphi List and the Jadad Scale. Results: Of the 6,997 identified studies, 261 were classified according to allocation concealment. Of these, 43 (16.47%) had adequate allocation concealment. According to an assessment conducted using the Delphi List, there was an improvement in the items "most important characteristics of the prognosis" (p < 0.001), "use of an independent evaluator" (p = 0.0029), and "measures of variability and estimation of points for the primary variable" (p = 0.0057) compared to the 1966-2003 assessment ; there was no difference in the assessment of the same items from 2004-2008. Regarding the Jadad Scale, there was an increase in the scores from 2009 to 2013 compared to the 1996-2003 period (p < 0.0004); however, there was no significant difference in the 2004-2008 period. Conclusion: There was no difference in the quality of the RCTs published by plastic surgeons in the 2009-2013 period compared to the previous five-year period (2004 to 2008). However, both periods indicated higher quality compared to the 1966-2003 period.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cirurgia Plástica/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/ética , Análise Estatística , Mecanismos de Avaliação da Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(1): 120-126, jan.-mar. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-994565

RESUMO

Introdução: A cirurgia de mama, especialmente as associadas aos implantes de silicone, teve uma crescente popularização, tornando-se a cirurgia plástica mais realizada no mundo. Junto com esta proliferação, observa-se um aumento da preocupação com a segurança dos implantes mamários de silicone, pelas intercorrências relacionadas. Objetivo: Revisar métodos existentes para minimizar as complicações relacionadas com implante mamário de silicone, bem como as tecnologias existentes e tendências tecnológicas para implantes mamários de silicone. Métodos: Foi realizada revisão de artigos científicos relacionados com novas tecnologias e tendências para redução das complicações relacionadas com implantes mamários de silicone, bem como as patentes e fabricantes de implante de silicone mamário. Resultados: Identificamos inicialmente 78 referências, sendo reduzido para 40 para publicação, todos com linhas de pesquisas que buscam melhores resultados e redução das complicações relacionadas com implantes de silicone, seja esta cirurgia com objetivo estético ou reconstrutivo. Conclusão: A busca por um implante mamário que reduza as possíveis e frequentes complicações, principalmente a formação do biofilme, processos infecciosos e resposta imune, é o foco da maioria das pesquisas encontradas. Com o mesmo objetivo, porém surgindo mais recentemente como alternativas, existem as pesquisas para o uso de matriz dérmica acelular e a lipoenxertia, com boas expectativas.


Introduction: Breast surgery with silicone implants is gaining popularity and has become the most performed plastic surgery worldwide. However, there is increasing concern about the safety of silicone breast implants due to associated complications. Objective: To review existing technologies, technological trends, and existing methods to minimize complications related to silicone breast implants. Methods: We conducted a literature review of articles describing new technologies and trends to reduce complications related to silicone breast implants, along with information on patents and manufacturers of silicone breast implants. Results: We initially identified 78 articles, out of which 40 were shortlisted for publication . All articles had a common aim of obtaining better results and reducing complications related to silicone implants, either in aesthetic or reconstructive surgeries. Conclusion: The search for a breast implant that reduces possible and frequent complications, especially biofilm formation, infectious processes, and abnormal immune response, was the focus of most articles studied. Acellular dermal matrix and fat grafting have been reported in the literature as promising alternatives.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Elastômeros de Silicone/efeitos adversos , Elastômeros de Silicone/normas , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mamoplastia/métodos , Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Implantes de Mama/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/tendências
12.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(1): e20190010000008, 2019 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30785509

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To create a question and answer tool on patents on EMHO. METHODS: Was used the Thinking Design methodology divided into four phases: Discovery, Definition, Development and Delivery. Discovery Phase: Desk research was carried out in: SciELO, Pubmed, LILACS, Google and Google Scholar. Once the target audience was selected, the interviews were conducted. Definition Phase: the interviewees' difficulties were mapped, on an Excel spreadsheet. Development Phase: a brainstorming was conducted with the public interviewed. Delivery Phase: the prototype, validation and final elaboration of the tool were made. RESULTS: Discovery Phase: 10 inventors were identified and the interviews were carried out. Definition Phase: 80% of the interviewees determined lack of information as one of the problems. The main content was defined as: the patent process, from the beginning of the idea to the deposit (70%), search for precedence (40%) and informing partners (30%). Development Phase: with the brainstorming, the tool type was defined as an interactive site. Delivery Phase: a prototype with content framework and an interactive video was presented for validation. After approval, the interactive website was developed, which was made available to the public. CONCLUSION: A question and answer tool on patents in EMHO was developed.


Assuntos
Equipamentos Odontológicos/normas , Equipamentos e Provisões Hospitalares/normas , Patentes como Assunto , Humanos , Inventores , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 43(4): 1000-1005, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30607575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rhinoplasty is one of the most sought-after procedures in plastic surgery by individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). The identification of BDD symptoms is a challenge for plastic surgeons. The purpose of this study was to use a specific instrument for detection of BDD symptoms as a screening tool in rhinoplasty candidates and estimate the prevalence and severity of BDD symptoms in this population. METHODS: Eighty patients of both sexes seeking rhinoplasty were consecutively recruited at a plastic surgery outpatient clinic of a university hospital from February 2014 to March 2015. In a clinical interview, 50 of them showed an excessive preoccupation with physical appearance associated with clinically significant subjective distress and were, therefore, selected to participate in the study. All participants were assessed using the Brazilian-Portuguese versions of the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale modified for BDD (BDD-YBOCS) and the Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale (BDSS), which can be applied by plastic surgeons, who are laypersons in psychology/psychiatry. RESULTS: Twenty-four (48%, 24/50) candidates had BDD symptoms, and 27 (54%, 27/50) showed moderate to severe appearance-related obsessive-compulsive symptoms. A strong correlation was found between the BDSS and BDD-YBOCS scores (r = 0.841, P < 0.001), and a strong agreement was observed between the BDSS cutoff point and body dysmorphic disorder symptom status (kappa = 0.822). CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of BDD and moderate to severe appearance-related obsessive-compulsive symptoms was found among aesthetic rhinoplasty candidates. The BDSS may be used as a screening tool for BDD symptoms in plastic surgery patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

14.
Burns ; 45(3): 610-614, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30429075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Keloid is a healing disorder that occurs exclusively in humans. This pathology is considered a benign cicatricial neoplasm, whose physiopathogenesis has not yet completely clarified. Its disfiguring appearance often could potentially cause a disturbance in the patient regarding his/her body image. The objective is to evaluate the impact of keloid on body image. METHODS: 61 patients with keloid in socially exposed regions of the body were included. The participants were submitted to clinical evaluation, composed of anamnesis and physical examination, and answered two questionnaires: the Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale (BDSS) questionnaire and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale - Unifesp/EPM. RESULTS: Forty percent of the patients had negative aspects of body image (BDSS score≥6). The scores of these patients on the Rosenberg Scale reached an average of 10.5 (p<0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of a keloid negatively affects body image.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/psicologia , Queloide/psicologia , Autoimagem , Adulto , Imagem Corporal , Orelha , Face , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pescoço , Tórax , Cicatrização , Adulto Jovem
15.
Aesthet Surg J ; 39(5): 518-523, 2019 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29912273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the challenges in breast reduction is to maintain breast projection with 45% of its volume in the upper pole and 55% in the lower pole. Although widely used in breast surgeries, the behavior of fat grafts is still not completely understood. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) the survival of fat transferred to the retropectoral plane in patients undergoing breast reduction, in the search for an oncologically safe procedure with high predictability and reproducibility. METHODS: This pilot study was conducted with 7 patients who underwent breast reduction combined with fat grafting in the submuscular plane. Aspirated fat was processed by sedimentation. MRI of the breasts was performed preoperatively and at 1 and 6 months postoperatively. Fat survival was calculated as the difference between the volumes of fat measured preoperatively and postoperatively by MRI divided by the volume of grafted fat. RESULTS: Fourteen breasts were operated on and received on average 119.6 mL of autologous fat in the submuscular plane. Fat survival rate was 43.9% at 1 month after surgery, decreasing to 23.4% in the late postoperative period. The mean anteroposterior projection of the grafted tissue was 1.51 cm at 1 month postoperatively, decreasing to 1.07 cm in the late postoperative period. CONCLUSIONS: Retropectoral fat grafting may contribute to maintaining the fullness of the upper pole of the breasts. This is an innovative experimental model for future studies on fat harvesting, preparation, and grafting techniques, allowing the evaluation of fat graft survival.

16.
Aesthet Surg J ; 39(4): NP68-NP75, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30204832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rhinophyma results in nasal deformity, which may lead to significant distress, embarrassment, social isolation, and low self-esteem. Fractional carbon dioxide (CO2) laser treatment is a simple, noninvasive, outpatient procedure with a low complication rate that has proved useful in rhinophyma treatment. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of fractional ablative CO2 laser treatment on self-esteem in patients with rhinophyma. METHODS: Twelve patients with rhinophyma, between 50 and 80 years of age, received 4 monthly treatment sessions with a fractional ablative CO2 laser. The laser parameters were chosen based on the severity of the condition of each patient. Patient satisfaction was assessed through a study-specific questionnaire administered 1 month after treatment. Self-esteem was assessed by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem (RSE) Scale, which was administered before treatment, and at 1, 6, and 12 months after treatment. RESULTS: A decrease in RSE scores was observed in the post-treatment period, indicating an improvement in self-esteem among patients. All patients were satisfied with the aesthetic results and would recommend the treatment to a friend. CONCLUSIONS: Fractional ablative CO2 laser treatment is associated with high levels of rhinophyma patient satisfaction, and significant improvements in self-esteem.

17.
Clinics ; 74: e883, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of breast reconstruction after mastectomy on sexual function, body image, and depression. METHODS: This cross-sectional, comparative, controlled study was conducted with 90 women between 18 and 65 years of age who had undergone either mastectomy alone (mastectomy group, n=30) or mastectomy combined with breast reconstruction (mastectomy-reconstruction group, n=30) at least one year prior to the study or who had no breast cancer (control group, n=30). Patients were assessed for sexual function, depression, and body image using the validated Brazilian-Portuguese versions of the Female Sexual Function Index, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Examination, respectively. RESULTS: The three groups were homogeneous for age, marital status, body mass index, and education level. The women in the mastectomy group reported significantly worse sexual function, greater depressive symptoms, and lower body image than those in the mastectomy-reconstruction and control groups. In the mastectomy group, the frequency of sexual dysfunction was significantly greater among patients without a marital partner and those with a higher level of education than among patients in the other two groups with the same characteristics. CONCLUSION: Patients who had undergone breast reconstruction after mastectomy reported better sexual function and body image and fewer depressive symptoms than patients who had undergone mastectomy alone. Sexual dysfunction was associated with the absence of a marital partner and a higher level of education and was more frequent in the mastectomy group.

18.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(1): e20190010000008, 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-983687

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To create a question and answer tool on patents on EMHO. Methods: Was used the Thinking Design methodology divided into four phases: Discovery, Definition, Development and Delivery. Discovery Phase: Desk research was carried out in: SciELO, Pubmed, LILACS, Google and Google Scholar. Once the target audience was selected, the interviews were conducted. Definition Phase: the interviewees' difficulties were mapped, on an Excel spreadsheet. Development Phase: a brainstorming was conducted with the public interviewed. Delivery Phase: the prototype, validation and final elaboration of the tool were made. Results: Discovery Phase: 10 inventors were identified and the interviews were carried out. Definition Phase: 80% of the interviewees determined lack of information as one of the problems. The main content was defined as: the patent process, from the beginning of the idea to the deposit (70%), search for precedence (40%) and informing partners (30%). Development Phase: with the brainstorming, the tool type was defined as an interactive site. Delivery Phase: a prototype with content framework and an interactive video was presented for validation. After approval, the interactive website was developed, which was made available to the public. Conclusion: A question and answer tool on patents in EMHO was developed.

19.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(6): 551-556, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-991691

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the second most frequent type of cancer worldwide and the most common type among women. The treatment for this condition has evolved over recent decades with therapeutic and technological advances. Breast reconstruction techniques using musculocutaneous flaps from the latissimus dorsi and rectus abdominis have aroused interest regarding patients' quality of life. Our goal here was to compare patients' satisfaction scores after they underwent breast reconstruction using musculocutaneous flaps from either the latissimus dorsi or the rectus abdominis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Primary, clinical, analytical, observational and cross-sectional study conducted in a federal university and a public hospital. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data were collected. The Mini-Mental State Examination was then applied, with testing for specificity and sensitivity. Lastly, a breast evaluation questionnaire was applied to evaluate breast satisfaction among 90 women, who were divided into three groups: mastectomy (control; n = 30); breast reconstruction using flap from the latissimus dorsi (n = 30); and reconstruction using flap from the rectus abdominis (n = 30). RESULTS: The groups were homogeneous regarding the main demographic data and the questionnaire responses (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the reconstruction groups showed significant improvement in satisfaction (P < 0.0002) after one year. CONCLUSION: Within our sample, women who underwent breast reconstruction with flaps from either the latissimus dorsi or the rectus abdominis had similar satisfaction scores.

20.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 33(4): 567-571, out.-dez. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-980162

RESUMO

Introdução: Recentemente, alguns autores têm descrito a lipoaspiração de alta definição, na qual, na região abdominal, é alcançada pela marcação vigorosa dos sulcos das linhas alba, semilunar e interseções tendíneas transversais do músculo reto abdominal. O objetivo é apresentar estudo piloto de técnica de lipoaspiração de alta definição abdominal utilizando material convencional e tubos de silicone nos curativos. Métodos: Foram descritos 20 casos, submetidos à lipoaspiração convencional e em seguida lipoaspiração superficial sob as linhas alba, semilunar e interseções tendíneas, até que se obtivesse a formação de um sulco nestes locais. Utilizamos tubos de silicone maleáveis nas linhas alba, semilunar bilateral e interseções tendíneas, fixados externamente com micropore, os quais foram removidos após 5 dias. Resultados: Houve um acréscimo médio de 20 minutos para realização destas etapas. As marcas dos tubos de silicone apresentaram-se muito evidentes no primeiro retorno, estando mais discretas no segundo retorno. Não foram observadas alterações de coloração, isquemia ou dor maior pela técnica empregada. Após 3 meses, não houve nenhum caso de dermatite, cútis marmorata, seroma, infecção, irregularidade de contorno ou necessidade de procedimentos adicionais. Conclusão: Foi realizada lipoaspiração de alta definição abdominal, com material convencional e uso de tubos de silicone temporários fixados externamente.


Introduction: Recently, some authors have described high definition liposuction in the abdominal region, achieved by the vigorous marking of the grooves of the linea alba, linea semilunaris, and transverse tendinous intersections within the rectus abdominis muscle. The aim is to present a pilot study of high-definition abdominal liposuction technique using conventional material and silicone tubing in the dressings . Methods: Twenty cases were submitted to conventional liposuction, followed by superficial liposuction under the linea alba, linea semilunaris, and tendinous intersections, until a groove was formed at these sites. Flexible silicone tubing was externally fixed with Micropore tape in the linea alba, bilateral linea semilunaris, and tendinous intersections, and removed after 5 days. Results: A mean increase of 20 minutes was required to perform these steps. The marks of the silicone tubing were evident at the first follow-up, and less prominent at the second follow-up. No color change, ischemia, or significant pain was observed using this technique. After 3 months, there were no cases of dermatitis, cutis marmorata, seroma, infection, contour irregularity or need for additional procedures. Conclusion: High-definition abdominal liposuction was performed using conventional materials and externally fixed temporary silicone tubing.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lipectomia/efeitos adversos , Lipectomia/métodos , Lipectomia/tendências , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Relatos de Casos , Projetos Piloto , Método de Tubulação Múltiplo
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