Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 166
Filtrar
1.
J Med Chem ; 64(4): 1904-1929, 2021 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626870

RESUMO

The modulation of melatonin signaling in peripheral tissues holds promise for treating metabolic diseases like obesity, diabetes, and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Here, several benzimidazole derivatives have been identified as novel agonists of the melatonin receptors MT1 and MT2. The lead compounds 10b, 15a, and 19a demonstrated subnanomolar potency at MT1/MT2 receptors, high oral bioavailability in rodents, peripherally preferred exposure, and excellent selectivity in a broad panel of targets. Two-month oral administration of 10b in high-fat diet rats led to a reduction in body weight gain similar to dapagliflozin with superior results on hepatic steatosis and triglyceride levels. An early toxicological assessment indicated that 10b (also codified as ACH-000143) was devoid of hERG binding, genotoxicity, and behavioral alterations at doses up to 100 mg/kg p.o., supporting further investigation of this compound as a drug candidate.

2.
Anaerobe ; 69: 102326, 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508438

RESUMO

Beta toxins (CPB) produced by Clostridium perfringens type B and C cause various diseases in animals, and the use of toxoids is an important prophylactic measure against such diseases. Promising recombinant toxoids have been developed recently. However, both soluble and insoluble proteins expressed in Escherichia coli can interfere with the production and immunogenicity of these antigens. In this context, bioinformatics tools have been used to design new versions of the beta toxin, and levels of expression and solubility were evaluated in different strains of E. coli. The immunogenicity in sheep was assessed using the molecule with the greatest potential that was selected on analyzing these results. In silico analyzes, greater mRNA stability (-169.70 kcal/mol), solubility (-0.755), and better tertiary structure (-0.12) were shown by rCPB-C. None of the strains of E. coli expressed rFH8-CPB, but a high level of expression and solubility was shown by rCPB-C. Higher levels of total and neutralizing anti-CPB antibodies were observed in sheep inoculated with bacterins containing rCPB-C. Thus, this study suggests that due to higher productivity of rCPB-C in E. coli and immunogenicity, it is considered as the most promising molecule for the production of a recombinant vaccine against diseases caused by the beta toxin produced by C. perfringens type B and C.

3.
Mol Biol Rep ; 47(12): 9615-9625, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190200

RESUMO

Antimicrobial resistance is increasing around the world and the search for effective treatment options, such as new antibiotics and combination therapy is urgently needed. The present study evaluates oregano essential oil (OEO) antibacterial activities against reference and multidrug-resistant clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii (Ab-MDR). Additionally, the combination of the OEO and polymyxin B was evaluated against Ab-MDR. Ten clinical isolates were characterized at the species level through multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the gyrB and blaOXA-51-like genes. The isolates were resistant to at least four different classes of antimicrobial agents, namely, aminoglycosides, cephems, carbapenems, and fluoroquinolones. All isolates were metallo-ß-lactamase (MßL) and carbapenemase producers. The major component of OEO was found to be carvacrol (71.0%) followed by ß-caryophyllene (4.0%), γ-terpinene (4.5%), p-cymene (3,5%), and thymol (3.0%). OEO showed antibacterial effect against all Ab-MDR tested, with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) ranging from 1.75 to 3.50 mg mL-1. Flow cytometry demonstrated that the OEO causes destabilization and rupture of the bacterial cell membrane resulting in apoptosis of A. baumannii cells (p < 0.05). Synergic interaction between OEO and polymyxin B (FICI: 0.18 to 0.37) was observed, using a checkerboard assay. When combined, OEO presented until 16-fold reduction of the polymyxin B MIC. The results presented here indicate that the OEO used alone or in combination with polymyxin B in the treatment of Ab-MDR infections is promising. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of OEO and polymyxin B association against Ab-MDR clinical isolates.

4.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 81: 103546, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186674

RESUMO

Many types of nanocomposites employed in food packaging are based on silver nanoparticles (AgNP) because of their antibacterial properties, which can increase food shelf-life. As the commercialization of AgNP products has been expanding, the released of such nanoparticles in the environment has caused enormous concern, once they can pose potential risks to the environment and human beings. For instance, exposure of the maternal environment to nanomaterials during pregnancy may impact the health of the dam, fetus and offspring. In this context, here we investigated the effects of prenatal exposure of AgNP on the pregnancy outcomes of dams and postnatal development of their offspring. Pregnant Wistar rats were exposed to distinct AgNP concentrations (0, 1, 3 and 5 µg/kg/day) from beginning to the end of pregnancy. At parturition, newborns were observed regarding clinical signs of toxicity and survival rate. The offspring was examined by evaluating developmental endpoints. A delay in time for vaginal opening and testes descent were detected in the offspring exposed to AgNP during embryonic development. Our results indicate that prenatal exposure to AgNP can compromise neonatal rats' postnatal development, especially the reproductive features.

5.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(10): 776-780, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143413

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Clostridium perfringens is considered one of the main causative agents of superacute enterocolitis, usually fatal in the equine species, due to the action of the β toxin, and is responsible for causing severe myonecrosis, by the action of the α toxin. The great importance of this agent in the equine economy is due to high mortality and lack of vaccines, which are the main form of prevention, which guarantee the immunization of this animal species. The aim of this study was to evaluate three different concentrations (100, 200 and 400μg) of C. perfringens α and β recombinant toxoids in equine immunization and to compare with a group vaccinated with a commercial toxoid. The commercial vaccine was not able to stimulate an immune response and the recombinant vaccine was able to induce satisfactory humoral immune response in vaccinated horses, proving to be an alternative prophylactic for C. perfringens infection.


RESUMO: Clostridium perfringens é considerado um dos principais agentes causadores de enterocolites superagudas, geralmente fatais na espécie equina, devido à ação da toxina β, além de ser responsável por causar quadros graves de mionecrose, pela ação da toxina α. A grande importância desses agentes na equinocultura, deve-se a elevada mortalidade e a inexistência de vacinas, principal forma de prevenção, que garantam a imunização dessa espécie animal. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar três diferentes concentrações (100, 200 e 400μg) dos toxóides recombinantes α e β de C. perfringens na imunização de equinos, bem como comparar com um grupo vacinado com um toxóide comercial. A vacina comercial não se mostrou capaz de estimular uma resposta imune e a vacina recombinante foi capaz de induzir resposta imune humoral satisfatória em equinos vacinados, provando ser uma alternativa profilática para infecção por C. Perfringens.

6.
Food Chem ; 332: 127383, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615383

RESUMO

This study represents a rapid and non-destructive approach based on mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy, time domain nuclear magnetic resonance (TD-NMR), and machine learning classification models (ML) for monitoring soluble pectin content (SPC) changes in orange juice. Current reference methods of SPC in orange juice are laborious, requiring several extractions with successive adjustments hindering rapid process intervention. 109 fresh orange juices samples, representing different harvests, were analysed using MIR, TD-NMR and reference method. Unsupervised algorithms were applied for natural clustering of MIR and TD-NMR data in two groups. Analyses of variance of the two MIR and TD-NMR datasets show that only the MIR groups were different at 95% confidence for SPC average values. This approach allows build classification models based on MIR data achieving 85% and 89% of accuracy. Results demonstrate that MIR/ML can be a suitable strategy for the quick assessment of SPC trends in orange juices.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis/química , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/análise , Aprendizado de Máquina , Pectinas/química , Citrus sinensis/metabolismo , Análise por Conglomerados , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Pectinas/metabolismo , Análise de Componente Principal , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho
7.
Curr Microbiol ; 77(10): 2724-2734, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32494881

RESUMO

Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii complex (ACB) comprises some opportunistic pathogens associated with infectious outbreaks in hospital settings. A. baumannii is the most relevant species owing to its capacity to develop resistance to the different classes of antimicrobials. The aim of this study was to identify the species, establish the genetic patterns, resistance and biofilm profiles in ACB isolates associated with nosocomial infection in a hospital of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Twenty-two clinical isolates were characterized at the species level through multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the gyrB and blaOXA51-like genes, and the genetic relationship was determined through pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Their antibiotic resistance profiles and carbapenemases synthesis were evaluated following CLSI guidelines. PCR was carried out to evaluate the presence of carbapenemases genes and the isolates were classified for their biofilm-forming ability. All isolates obtained in the study were identified as A. baumannii and 72.7% of the isolates were classified as strong biofilm formers. In the class carbapenems, 95.4% and 77.3% of the isolates were resistant to meropenem and imipenem, respectively. The blaVIM gene was identified in 90.9% of isolates and carbapenemases synthesis were confirmed in 95.4% of the isolates. Fourteen genetic patterns were confirmed through PFGE analyses. The isolates collected within a time gap of 2 years demonstrated a genetic relationship, and the same clone was identified in different departments in the hospital. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of identification and characterization of A. baumannii nosocomial isolates in Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

8.
Biotechnol Lett ; 42(11): 2223-2230, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32500473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Earlier studies have demonstrated the use of inactivated recombinant E. coli (bacterins), to protect against Clostridium spp. in vaccinated animals. These bacterins have a simpler, safer, and faster production process. However, these bacterins carry expression plasmids, containing antibiotic resistance gene, which could be assimilate accidentally by environmental microorganisms. Considering this, we aimed to impair this plasmids using formaldehyde at different concentrations. RESULTS: This compound inactivated the highest density of cells in 24 h. KanR cassette amplification was found to be impaired with 0.8% for 24 h or 0.4% for 72 h. Upon electroporation, E. coli DH5α ultracompetent cells were unable to acquire the plasmids extracted from the bacterins after inactivation procedure. Formaldehyde-treated bacterins were incubated with other viable strains of E. coli, leading to no detectable gene transfer. CONCLUSIONS: We found that this compound is effective as an inactivation agent. Here we demonstrate the biosafety involving antibiotic resistance gene of recombinant E. coli vaccines allowing to industrial production and animal application.

9.
Braz J Microbiol ; 2020 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476087

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The treatment of human and animal sporotrichosis is often performed with antifungal agents; however, the emergence of antifungal-resistant strains of Sporothrix species has been reported. We aimed to discuss the ability of Sporothrix species in developing resistance to the conventional antifungals and mechanisms for this. METHODOLOGY: Published data on databases (PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar) were investigated using a combination of keywords from 2008 to 2019 by the StArt tool. RESULTS: The minimal inhibitory concentrations values based on the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) from eight references were classified according to the epidemiological cutoff values in wild-type or non-wild-type strains. In this way, non-wild-type S. schenckii and, mainly, S. brasiliensis isolates were recognized on itraconazole, amphotericin B, terbinafine, and voriconazole, which are strains that deserve more attention toward antifungal control, with a probable risk of mutation to antifungal resistance. Among the few reviewed studied on antifungal resistance, the melanin production capacity (DHN-melanin, L-DOPA melanin, and pyomelanin), the low genetic diversity due to the abnormal number of chromosomes, and the mutation in cytochrome P450 are some of the factors for developing resistance mechanism. CONCLUSIONS: The emergence of Sporothrix species with in vitro antifungal resistance was evidenced and the possible mechanisms for resistance development may be due to the melanin production capacity, genetic diversity and mutations in cytochrome P450. Further studies should be carried out targeting gene expression for the development of antifungal resistance on Sporothrix species in order to prospect new therapeutic targets for human and veterinary use.

10.
Neurobiol Stress ; 13: 100226, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32478146

RESUMO

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that is triggered by a stressful event, with symptoms including exaggerated startle response, intrusive traumatic memories and nightmares. The single prolonged stress (SPS) is a multimodal stress protocol that comprises a sequential exposure to physical restraint, forced swimming, predator scent and ether anesthesia. This procedure generates behavioral and neurobiological alterations that resemble clinical findings of PTSD, and thus it is commonly used to model the disease in rodents. Here, we applied c-fos mapping to produce a comprehensive view of stress-activated brain regions in mice exposed to SPS alone or to SPS after oral pretreatment with the serotonin-noradrenaline receptor dual modulator ACH-000029 or the α1-adrenergic blocker prazosin. The SPS protocol evoked c-fos expression in several brain regions that control the stress-anxiety response, including the central and medial amygdala, the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, the pallidum, the paraventricular hypothalamus, the intermediodorsal, paraventricular and central medial thalamic nuclei, the periaqueductal gray, the lateral habenula and the cuneiform nucleus. These effects were partially blocked by pretreatment with prazosin but completely prevented by ACH-000029. Collectively, these findings contribute to the brain-wide characterization of neural circuits involved in PTSD-related stress responses. Furthermore, the identification of brain areas regulated by ACH-000029 and prazosin revealed regions in which SPS-induced activation may depend on the combined or isolated action of the noradrenergic and serotonergic systems. Finally, the dual regulation of serotonin and α1 receptors by ACH-000029 might represent a potential pharmacotherapy that can be applied in the peri-trauma or early post-trauma period to mitigate the development of symptoms in PTSD patients.

11.
Pharmacogenomics ; 21(8): 549-557, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378980

RESUMO

This narrative review describes implementation, current status and perspectives of a pharmacogenomic (PGx) program at the Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA), targeting the cancer chemotherapeutic drugs - fluoropyrimidines, irinotecan and thiopurines. This initiative, designed as a research project, was supported by a grant from the Brazilian Ministry of Health. A dedicated task force developed standard operational procedures from recruitment of patients to creating PGx reports with dosing recommendations, which were successfully applied to test 100 gastrointestinal cancer INCA outpatients and 162 acute lymphoblastic leukemia pediatric patients from INCA and seven other hospitals. The program has been subsequently expanded to include gastrointestinal cancer patients from three additional cancer treatment centers. We anticipate implementation of routine pre-emptive PGx testing at INCA but acknowledge challenges associated with this transition, such as continuous financing support, availability of trained personnel, adoption of the PGx-informed prescription by the clinical staff and, ultimately, evidence of cost-effectiveness.

12.
Eur J Dent ; 14(2): 250-259, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32438429

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the axial inclination of the mandibular first molars and their respective bone morphology among individuals with different facial patterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised the cone beam computed tomographies (CBCTs) of 58 subjects divided into three groups according to the facial patterns: 18 brachyfacial (Group 1), with a mean age of 21.58 years; 23 mesofacial (Group 2), with a mean age of 19.14 years; and 17 dolichofacial subjects (Group 3), with a mean age of 19.09 years. Eight variables were evaluated on CBCT scans of each subject: buccal and lingual mandibular height, cervical and middle mandibular width, inclination of mandibular body, inclination of the mandibular molar buccal surface, molar width, molar angulation and tooth/bone angle. Intergroup comparisons were performed with one-way analysis of variance followed by Tukey tests. RESULTS: Buccal mandibular height presented statistically significant difference in the three facial patterns. Lingual mandibular height and mandibular inclination showed to be statistically and significantly smaller in brachyfacial subjects than in the other two groups. Mandibular width presented a statistically significant difference between brachyfacial and mesofacial groups. Negative correlations could be observed between the facial pattern and the buccal and lingual mandibular heights and inclination of the mandibular body. CONCLUSION: Buccal mandibular height was significantly and progressively larger in brachyfacial, mesofacial, and dolichofacial subjects. Lingual mandibular height was significantly smaller in brachyfacial than in mesofacial and dolichofacial subjects. Mandibular width was significantly thicker in brachyfacial than in mesofacial subjects. Brachyfacial subjects had smaller mandibular inclination than mesofacial and dolichofacial subjects.

13.
Braz J Microbiol ; 2020 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388779

RESUMO

The treatment of feline sporotrichosis is a challenge for veterinary clinicians since refractory cases may occur, due either to patient and/or to pharmacological management errors or due to the development of antifungal resistance. Thus, we aimed to describe the therapeutic history of feline cases infected by itraconazole-resistant Sporothrix brasiliensis in an endemic region of Southern Brazil. Medical records of cats attended at the Veterinary Clinic Hospital (Pelotas/RS, Brazil) between 2016 and 2017 were reviewed. Twelve cases of infection by S. brasiliensis with that showed high minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values (≥ 4 µg/mL) to itraconazole by M38-A2 of CLSI were selected. At the hospital consultation, disseminated (cats 1-l0, 12) and localized (cat 11) skin lesions remained in the cats, even after treatment with fluconazole, ketoconazole (02/12), and itraconazole (ITZ, 09/12) performed before this study. High doses (25-100 mg/kg/day) of ITZ for up to 4 months (03/12, cats 2, 6, 12) or over 12 months (05/12, cats 1, 5, 7, 8, 11) did not provide a clinical cure, except for the association of ITZ plus potassium iodide (01/12, cat 12) for 3 months, which proved useful in infections with itraconazole-resistant S. brasiliensis. However, the combined issues of abandonment of therapy by owners for financial reasons, difficulties surrounding therapy administration (03/12, cats 6, 11, 12), and the inappropriate choice of medication (01/12, cat 6), together reflect the reality of this endemic region, which greatly compromises clinical healing. This study highlighted the occurrence of refractory cases by itraconazole-resistant S. brasiliensis in cats from Southern Brazil, as well as the abandonment of treatment and therapeutic errors. We warn of the need for antifungal susceptibility tests to adapt therapeutic protocols in feline sporotrichosis.

14.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 52(5): 2749-2752, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32462440

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to evaluate efficiency of in vitro fertilization (IVF) in Nelore, Brangus, and Girolando oocyte donors. Ovum pickup (OPU) from the donors was conducted every 15 days to assess oocyte recovery, IVF, and post-transfer pregnancy percentage. For Nelore, the mean numbers of total and viable oocytes recovered (23.5 ± 1.1 and 14.0 ± 1.0, respectively) were higher (p < 0.05) than those for Brangus (12.7 ± 1.9 and 6.6 ± 1.0, respectively) and Girolando (12.5 ± 1.4 and 6.8 ± 0.7, respectively); Brangus and Girolando did not differ from each other (p > 0.05). The percentage of blastocyst production differed (p < 0.05) between Nelore (48.4 ± 2.4%), Brangus (40.3 ± 3.6%), and Girolando (38.9 ± 2.6%), but those in Brangus and Girolando did not differ (p > 0.05). The percentage of blastocysts (transferred) that resulted in pregnancy did not differ (p > 0.05) between Nelore (45.5 ± 3.8%), Brangus (41.7 ± 4.1%), and Girolando (40.7 ± 3.7%). Of the breeds studied, Nelore donors are more efficient for IVF, but conditions of this study.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro/veterinária , Doação de Oócitos/veterinária , Animais , Blastocisto , Cruzamento , Bovinos , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/estatística & dados numéricos , Doação de Oócitos/estatística & dados numéricos , Oócitos , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez
15.
Anaerobe ; 63: 102201, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32247696

RESUMO

Botulism is a neuroparalytic intoxication, usually fatal, caused by the botulinum toxins (BoNTs). Vaccination is the best-known strategy to prevent this disease in ruminants. Serotypes C and D and their variants CD and DC are the main types responsible for botulism in bovine and buffaloes in Brazil and cattle in Japan and Europe. Brazil has a herd of approximately 1.39 million buffaloes and is the largest producer in the Western world. This study aimed to assess the humoral immune response of buffaloes during the 12-month period after vaccination against BoNT serotypes C and D with a recombinant vaccine in three different concentrations (100, 200, and 400 µg) of non-purified recombinant proteins (Vrec) and also with a bivalent commercial toxoid (Vcom). Vrec400 was the best vaccine among those tested because it induced higher levels of antibodies and maintained higher levels of antibodies for the longest time, while Vrec200 could be considered the most cost-effective vaccine for large-scale production. None of the vaccines were able to promote continuous immunological protection within the timeframe proposed by the current Brazilian vaccination protocol. Further studies should focus on vaccine adjustments to ensure continued humoral protection against botulism.

16.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 301, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32256366

RESUMO

Silicosis is an occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of silica particles. It is characterized by intense lung inflammation, with progressive and irreversible fibrosis, leading to impaired lung function. Purinergic signaling modulates silica-induced lung inflammation and fibrosis through P2X7 receptor. In the present study, we investigate the role of P2Y12, the G-protein-coupled subfamily prototype of P2 receptor class in silicosis. To that end, BALB/c mice received an intratracheal injection of PBS or silica particles (20 mg), without or with P2Y12 receptor blockade by clopidogrel (20 mg/kg body weight by gavage every 48 h) - groups CTRL, SIL, and SIL + Clopi, respectively. After 14 days, lung mechanics were determined by the end-inflation occlusion method. Lung histology was analyzed, and lung parenchyma production of nitric oxide and cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, and TGF-ß) were determined. Silica injection reduced animal survival and increased all lung mechanical parameters in relation to CTRL, followed by diffuse lung parenchyma inflammation, increased neutrophil infiltration, collagen deposition and increased pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrogenic cytokine secretion, as well as increased nitrite production. Clopidogrel treatment prevented silica-induced changes in lung function, and significantly reduced lung inflammation, fibrosis, as well as cytokine and nitrite production. These data suggest that inhibition of P2Y12 signaling improves silica-induced lung inflammation, preventing lung functional changes and mortality. Our results corroborate previous observations of silica-induced lung changes and expand the understanding of purinergic signaling in this process.

17.
Silva Júnior, João Manoel; Chaves, Renato Carneiro de Freitas; Corrêa, Thiago Domingos; Assunção, Murillo Santucci Cesar de; Katayama, Henrique Tadashi; Bosso, Fabio Eduardo; Amendola, Cristina Prata; Serpa Neto, Ary; Malbouisson, Luiz Marcelo Sá; Oliveira, Neymar Elias de; Veiga, Viviane Cordeiro; Rojas, Salomón Soriano Ordinola; Postalli, Natalia Fioravante; Alvarisa, Thais Kawagoe; Lucena, Bruno Melo Nobrega de; Oliveira, Raphael Augusto Gomes de; Sanches, Luciana Coelho; Silva, Ulysses Vasconcellos de Andrade e; Nassar Junior, Antonio Paulo; Réa-Neto, Álvaro; Amaral, Alexandre; Teles, José Mário; Freitas, Flávio Geraldo Rezende de; Bafi, Antônio Tonete; Pacheco, Eduardo Souza; Ramos, Fernando José; Vieira Júnior, José Mauro; Pereira, Maria Augusta Santos Rahe; Schwerz, Fábio Sartori; Menezes, Giovanna Padoa de; Magalhães, Danielle Dourado; Castro, Cristine Pilati Pileggi; Henrich, Sabrina Frighetto; Toledo, Diogo Oliveira; Parra, Bruna Fernanda Camargo Silva; Dias, Fernando Suparregui; Zerman, Luiza; Formolo, Fernanda; Nobrega, Marciano de Sousa; Piras, Claudio; Piras, Stéphanie de Barros; Conti, Rodrigo; Bittencourt, Paulo Lisboa; DOliveira, Ricardo Azevedo Cruz; Estrela, André Ricardo de Oliveira; Oliveira, Mirella Cristine de; Reese, Fernanda Baeumle; Motta Júnior, Jarbas da Silva; Câmara, Bruna Martins Dzivielevski da; David-João, Paula Geraldes; Tannous, Luana Alves; Chaiben, Viviane Bernardes de Oliveira; Miranda, Lorena Macedo Araújo; Brasil, José Arthur dos Santos; Deucher, Rafael Alexandre de Oliveira; Ferreira, Marcos Henrique Borges; Vilela, Denner Luiz; Almeida, Guilherme Cincinato de; Nedel, Wagner Luis; Passos, Matheus Golenia dos; Marin, Luiz Gustavo; Oliveira Filho, Wilson de; Coutinho, Raoni Machado; Oliveira, Michele Cristina Lima de; Friedman, Gilberto; Meregalli, André; Höher, Jorge Amilton; Soares, Afonso José Celente; Lobo, Suzana Margareth Ajeje.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(1): 17-27, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138469

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: Definir o perfil epidemiológico e os principais determinantes de morbimortalidade dos pacientes cirúrgicos não cardíacos de alto risco no Brasil. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, observacional e multicêntrico. Todos os pacientes cirúrgicos não cardíacos admitidos nas unidades de terapia intensiva, ou seja, considerados de alto risco, no período de 1 mês, foram avaliados e acompanhados diariamente por, no máximo, 7 dias na unidade de terapia intensiva, para determinação de complicações. As taxas de mortalidade em 28 dias de pós-operatório, na unidade de terapia intensiva e hospitalar foram avaliadas. Resultados: Participaram 29 unidades de terapia intensiva onde foram realizadas cirurgias em 25.500 pacientes, dos quais 904 (3,5%) de alto risco (intervalo de confiança de 95% - IC95% 3,3% - 3,8%), tendo sido incluídos no estudo. Dos pacientes envolvidos, 48,3% eram de unidades de terapia intensiva privadas e 51,7% de públicas. O tempo de internação na unidade de terapia intensiva foi de 2,0 (1,0 - 4,0) dias e hospitalar de 9,5 (5,4 - 18,6) dias. As taxas de complicações foram 29,9% (IC95% 26,4 - 33,7) e mortalidade em 28 dias pós-cirurgia 9,6% (IC95% 7,4 - 12,1). Os fatores independentes de risco para complicações foram Simplified Acute Physiology Score 3 (SAPS 3; razão de chance − RC = 1,02; IC95% 1,01 - 1,03) e Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Score (SOFA) da admissão na unidade de terapia intensiva (RC =1,17; IC95% 1,09 - 1,25), tempo de cirurgia (RC = 1,001; IC95% 1,000 - 1,002) e cirurgias de emergências (RC = 1,93; IC95% 1,10 - 3,38). Em adição, foram associados com mortalidade em 28 dias idade (RC = 1,032; IC95% 1,011 - 1,052) SAPS 3 (RC = 1,041; IC95% 1,107 - 1,279), SOFA (RC = 1,175; IC95% 1,069 - 1,292) e cirurgias emergenciais (RC = 2,509; IC95% 1,040 - 6,051). Conclusão: Pacientes com escores prognósticos mais elevados, idosos, tempo cirúrgico e cirurgias emergenciais estiveram fortemente associados a maior mortalidade em 28 dias e mais complicações durante permanência em unidade de terapia intensiva.


ABSTRACT Objective: To define the epidemiological profile and the main determinants of morbidity and mortality in noncardiac high surgical risk patients in Brazil. Methods: This was a prospective, observational and multicenter study. All noncardiac surgical patients admitted to intensive care units, i.e., those considered high risk, within a 1-month period were evaluated and monitored daily for a maximum of 7 days in the intensive care unit to determine complications. The 28-day postoperative, intensive care unit and hospital mortality rates were evaluated. Results: Twenty-nine intensive care units participated in the study. Surgeries were performed in 25,500 patients, of whom 904 (3.5%) were high-risk (95% confidence interval - 95%CI 3.3% - 3.8%) and were included in the study. Of the participating patients, 48.3% were from private intensive care units, and 51.7% were from public intensive care units. The length of stay in the intensive care unit was 2.0 (1.0 - 4.0) days, and the length of hospital stay was 9.5 (5.4 - 18.6) days. The complication rate was 29.9% (95%CI 26.4 - 33.7), and the 28-day postoperative mortality rate was 9.6% (95%CI 7.4 - 12.1). The independent risk factors for complications were the Simplified Acute Physiology Score 3 (SAPS 3; odds ratio - OR = 1.02; 95%CI 1.01 - 1.03) and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Score (SOFA) on admission to the intensive care unit (OR = 1.17; 95%CI 1.09 - 1.25), surgical time (OR = 1.001, 95%CI 1.000 - 1.002) and emergency surgeries (OR = 1.93, 95%CI, 1.10 - 3.38). In addition, there were associations with 28-day mortality (OR = 1.032; 95%CI 1.011 - 1.052), SAPS 3 (OR = 1.041; 95%CI 1.107 - 1.279), SOFA (OR = 1.175, 95%CI 1.069 - 1.292) and emergency surgeries (OR = 2.509; 95%CI 1.040 - 6.051). Conclusion: Higher prognostic scores, elderly patients, longer surgical times and emergency surgeries were strongly associated with higher 28-day mortality and more complications during the intensive care unit stay.

18.
Vaccine ; 38(11): 2519-2526, 2020 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037222

RESUMO

Botulism is a paralytic disease caused by the intoxication of neurotoxins produced by Clostridium botulinum. Among the seven immunologically distinct serotypes of neurotoxins (BoNTs A - G), serotypes C and D, or a chimeric fusion termed C/D or D/C, are responsible for animal botulism. The most effective way to prevent botulism in cattle is through vaccination; however, the commercially available vaccines produced by detoxification of native neurotoxins are time-consuming and hazardous. To overcome these drawbacks, a non-toxic recombinant vaccine was developed as an alternative. In this study, the recombinant protein vaccine was produced using an Escherichia coli cell-based system. The formaldehyde-inactivated E. coli is able to induce 7.45 ± 1.77 and 6.6 ± 1.28 IU/mL neutralizing mean titers against BoNTs C and D in cattle, respectively, determined by mouse neutralization bioassay, and was deemed protective by the Brazilian legislation. Moreover, when the levels of anti-BoNT/C and D were compared with those achieved by the recombinant purified vaccines, no significant statistical difference was observed. Cattle vaccinated with the commercial vaccine developed 1.33 and 3.33 IU/mL neutralizing mean titers against BoNT serotypes C and D, respectively. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first report on recombinant E. coli bacterin vaccine against botulism. The vaccine was safe and effective in generating protective antibodies and, thus, represents an industry-friendly alternative for the prevention of cattle botulism.

19.
Neuropharmacology ; 164: 107912, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843397

RESUMO

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe chronic mental illness that develops in individuals exposed to life-threatening trauma and is characterized by hyperarousal, flashbacks and nightmares. The serotonergic (5-HT) and noradrenergic (NE) systems are deeply involved in the pathogenesis of PTSD. We have previously reported a novel anxiolytic compound, ACH-000029, that modulates 5-HT and α1-adrenergic receptors and induces acute anxiolytic-like effects in rodents. Here, we investigated the potential of ACH-000029 to prevent anxiety-like behavior in the single prolonged stress (SPS) PTSD model. Mice were subjected to the SPS procedure, followed by a 7-day treatment with ACH-000029 and, for comparison, with the α1-adrenergic antagonist prazosin. Animals were behaviorally assessed using social interaction, elevated plus maze and open field tests. Interestingly, treatment with ACH-000029 but not with prazosin ameliorated the SPS-induced sociability impairment and anxiety-like behavior. The brain-wide c-fos mapping, used as a surrogate for brain activity, indicated the brain structures that were altered by SPS and putatively involved in the anxiolytic-like effect of ACH-000029. The SPS protocol produced long-lasting impairment of regions involved in stress-anxiety response, such as the amygdala, prefrontal cortex, globus pallidus and superior colliculus. ACH-000029 treatment reversed the SPS-induced c-fos changes in the globus pallidus, lateral septum and entorhinal cortex and exclusively modulated c-fos levels in subregions from the retrosplenial cortex, cerebellum, superior colliculus and ventromedial hypothalamus. These results support the hypothesis that the dual regulation of 5-HT and α1-adrenergic receptors is required to alleviate PTSD symptoms and suggest a possible role of ACH-000029 as a PTSD treatment.

20.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(1): 48-63, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383139

RESUMO

Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) have been widely employed in technological applications due to their appealing properties for catalytic, optoelectronic and antimicrobial applications. Moreover, ZnO NPs can also be employed in fertilizers as a source of zinc micronutrient, which is a primary element for enzymes and proteins synthesis in plants, allowing their regular growth and improving crop productivity. However, the extensive use of nanoparticles as a source of fertilizers in agricultural activities also raises concerns once nanoparticle features including surface charge, chemical fucntionalittes, size and shape can alter the toxicity of NPs. In this scenario, the toxicity of distinct ZnO NPs towards microalgae Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata, which is the base microorganism for the aquatic food chain, was evaluated and compared. ZnO NPs employed here were obtained by co-precipitation method and co-precipitation followed by hydrothermal method using different times. After characterizing the physical-chemical properties of ZnO NPs, they were employed in toxicity biossays in order to evaluate their ability to inhibit algal growth as well as to induce changes in algae morphology. Our results indicate that ZnO NPs concentrations below 10 mg L-1 presented low toxicity towards P. subcapitata microalgae. Higher concentrations of ZnO NPs, however, presented significant toxic effects, and revealed changes in morphology of the algae cells, and therefore, should be avoided for agri-related applications.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...