Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 196
Filtrar
1.
Pathogens ; 9(7)2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709166

RESUMO

Neospora caninum is an apicomplexan parasite that in cattle assumes particular importance, as it is responsible for abortions reported worldwide. Leptin is an adipokine mainly secreted by adipocytes, which beside its role in maintaining metabolic homeostasis also has important effects in both innate and adaptive immunity. In previous work, we showed that mice chronically infected with N. caninum had elevated serum leptin levels. Here, we sought to assess whether acute infection with N. caninum infection influenced the production of this adipokine as well as leptin receptor mRNA levels. Our results show that acute infection with N. caninum led to decreased leptin serum levels and mRNA expression in adipose tissue. A decrease in leptin receptor transcript variant 1 mRNA (long isoform) and leptin receptor transcript variant 3 mRNA (one of the short isoforms) expression was also observed. An increase in the number of cells staining positive for leptin in the liver of infected mice was observed, although this increase was less marked in Interleukin (IL)-12/IL-23 p40-deficient mice. Overall, our results show that N. caninum infection also influences leptin production during acute infection.

2.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 163: 251-259, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615230

RESUMO

Agrofood byproducts may be exploited as a source of biomolecules suitable for developing bioplastic materials. In this work, the feasibility of using starch, oil, and waxes recovered from potato chips byproducts for films production was studied. The recovered potato starch-rich fraction (RPS) contained an amylopectin/amylose ratio of 2.3, gelatinization temperatures varying from 59 to 71 °C, and a gelatinization enthalpy of 12.5 J/g, similarly to a commercial potato starch (CPS). Despite of its spherical and oval granules identical to CPS, RPS had a more amorphous structure and gave rise to low viscous suspensions, contradicting the typical B-type polymorph crystal structure and sluggish dispersions of CPS, respectively. When used for films production, RPS originated transparent films with lower roughness and wettability than CPS-based films, but with higher stretchability. In turn, when combined with RPS and CPS, oil or waxes recovered from frying residues and potato peels, respectively, allowed to develop transparent yellowish RPS- and CPS-based films with increased surface hydrophobicity, mechanical traction resistance, elasticity, and/or plasticity. Therefore, potato chips industry byproducts revealed to have thermoplastic and hydrophobic biomolecules that can be used to efficiently develop biobased plastics with improved surface properties and flexibility, opening an opportunity for their valorization.

3.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 3293065, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32685091

RESUMO

Spirulina platensis, an important source of bioactive compounds, is a multicellular, filamentous cyanobacterium rich in high-quality proteins, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Due to its nutrient composition, the alga is considered a complete food and is recognized for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiobesity, and reproprotective effects. All of which are important for prevention and treatment of organic and metabolic disorders such as obesity and erectile dysfunction. The aim of this study was to investigate the modulatory role of Spirulina platensis food supplementation and the mechanisms of action involved in reversing the damage caused by a hypercaloric diet on the erectile function of rats. The animals were divided into a standard diet group (SD, n = 5); a hypercaloric diet group (HCD, n = 5); a hypercaloric diet group supplemented with S. platensis at doses of 25 (HCD+SP25, n = 5), 50 (HCD+SP50, n = 5), and 100 mg/kg (HCD+SP100, n = 5); and a hypercaloric diet group subsequently fed a standard diet (HCD+SD, n = 5). In the rats fed a hypercaloric diet, dietary supplementation with S. platensis effectively increased the number of erections while decreasing latency to initiate penile erection. Additionally, S. platensis increases NO bioavailability, reduces inflammation by reducing the release of contractile prostanoids, enhances the relaxation effect promoted by acetylcholine (ACh), restores contractile reactivity damage and cavernous relaxation, reduces reactive oxygen species (ROS), and increases cavernous total antioxidant capacity (TAC). Food supplementation with S. platensis thus restores erectile function in obese rats, reduces production of contractile prostanoids, reduces oxidative stress, and increases NO bioavailability. Food supplementation with S. platensis thus emerges as a promising new therapeutic alternative for the treatment of erectile dysfunction as induced by obesity.

4.
BMC Palliat Care ; 19(1): 106, 2020 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although cancer patients experience distressing symptoms and health-related changes in their quality of life, they may report positive emotional states. The lives of informal caregivers of cancer patients may also be affected by the patient's cancer diagnosis; however, they may also find benefits in their experiences. Noticeable changes are reported in personal priorities after an oncologic diagnosis that can lead individuals to restructure their values and the way they perceive life. This study aims to assess happiness/satisfaction with life and positive and negative affect in cancer patients and informal caregivers compared with healthy people in the general population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with participants recruited online in five regions of Brazil through the social network site Facebook® and the application WhatsApp®. Surveys were completed using the SurveyMonkey® platform. A different sample of cancer patients and informal caregivers that was personally interviewed with the same forms was also grouped in the present analysis. Variables with p-values < 0.05 in the univariate analysis were included in linear regression models (stepwise, backward). RESULTS: A total of 2580 participants were included, of whom 2112 were healthy representatives of the general population, 342 were cancer patients, and 126 were informal caregivers of cancer patients. In the multivariate analysis, the cancer patients and informal caregivers were happier than the healthy people in the general population, even after controlling for age, sex, educational level, and income. The patients and caregivers had lower scores for positive affect and higher scores for negative affect. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the conditions related to happiness, satisfaction with life and positive affect are similar for all groups. However, cancer patients and informal caregivers report increased rates of happiness and satisfaction with life compared with theoretically healthy people, although they have lower positive affect scores and higher negative affect scores. It is suggested that cancer patients and caregivers of cancer patients experience more difficulties (suffering) on ​​a daily basis. However, given the increased difficulties, they perceive life differently, reporting that they are happier.

5.
Carbohydr Polym ; 242: 116429, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564840

RESUMO

Crosslinking with genipin increases the acidic stability of chitosan-based materials, opening an opportunity to explore new applications. In this work, the viability of using chitosan-genipin solutions on cellulose-based materials coating was studied. Non-calendered paper and cardboard were used as raw materials. Different number of chitosan-genipin coating layers (1, 3, 6, 20, and 30) were applied and their influence on the materials mechanical, physicochemical, and barrier properties was studied. The small thickness and basis weight of non-calendered paper resulted in an inefficient adhesion of chitosan-genipin coating to the cellulose fibers. However, in cardboard, chitosan-genipin created a dense layer onto the cellulosic-fibers surface without impairing their mechanical properties. It conferred a greenish color, whose intensity increased with the layers number. The chitosan-genipin coating decreased the cardboard air and water vapor permeability up to 71 % and 52 %, respectively, and acted as a physical barrier for cardboard compounds leaching, being suitable for covering cellulose-based materials.

6.
Chemosphere ; 252: 126563, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32443264

RESUMO

Climate change is leading to a gradual increase in the ocean temperature, which can cause physiological and biochemical impairments in aquatic organisms. Along with the environmental changes, the presence of emerging pollutants such as titanium dioxide (TiO2) in marine coastal systems has also been a topic of concern, especially considering the interactive effects that both factors may present to inhabiting organisms. In the present study, it has been assessed the effects of the presence in water of particles of rutile, the most common polymorph of TiO2, in Mytilus galloprovincialis, under actual and predicted warming conditions. Organisms were exposed to different concentrations of rutile (0, 5, 50, 100 µg/L) at control (18 ± 1.0 °C) and increased (22 ± 1.0 °C) temperatures. Histopathological and biochemical changes were evaluated in mussels after 28 days of exposure. Histopathological examination revealed similar alterations on mussels' gills and digestive glands with increasing rutile concentrations at both temperatures. Biochemical markers showed that contaminated mussels have an unchanged metabolic capacity at 18 °C, which increased at 22 °C. Although antioxidant defences were activated in contaminated organisms at 22 °C, cellular damage was still observed. Overall, our findings showed that histopathological impacts occurred after rutile exposure regardless of the temperature, while biochemical alterations were only significantly noticeable when temperature was enhanced to 22 °C. Thus, this study demonstrated that temperature rise may significantly enhance the sensitivity of bivalves towards emerging pollutants.


Assuntos
Mytilus/fisiologia , Titânio/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Mudança Climática , Brânquias/metabolismo , Mytilus/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Temperatura , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
7.
Curr Med Chem ; 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32400324

RESUMO

The indiscriminate use of antibiotics has facilitated the growing resistance of bacteria, and this has become a serious public health problem worldwide. Several microorganisms are still resistant to multiple antibiotics, and are particularly dangerous in the hospital and nursing home environment, and to patients whose care requires devices such as ventilators and intravenous catheters. A list of twelve pathogenic genera, which especially included bacteria that were not affected by different antibiotics, was released by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2017, and the research and development of new antibiotics against these genera has been considered a priority. Nanotechnology is a tool that offers an effective platform for altering the physical-chemical properties of different materials, thereby enabling the development of several biomedical applications. Owing to their large surface area and high reactivity, metallic particles on the nanometric scale have remarkable physical, chemical, and biological properties. Nanoparticles with sizes between 1 and 100 nm have several applications, mainly as new antimicrobial agents for the control of microorganisms. In the present review, more than 200 reports of various metallic nanoparticles, especially those containing copper, gold, platinum, silver, titanium, and zinc were analyzed with regard to their antibacterial activity. However, of these 200 studies, only 42 reported about trials conducted against the resistant bacteria considered a priority by the WHO. All studies are in the initial stage, and none are in the clinical phase of research.

8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6382, 2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286405

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of Spirulina Platensis supplementation on selected blood markers of oxidative stress, muscle damage, inflammation, and performance in trained rats. Rats (250 g - 300 g) were submitted to a strength training program (eight weeks), divided into four groups: control (GT) (trained without supplementation), trained with daily-supplementation of 50 mg/kg (GT50), 150 mg/kg (GT150) and 500 mg/kg (GT500). Training consisted of a jump protocol in PVC-cylinder containing water, with increasing load over experimental weeks. We evaluated the markers of oxidative stress (malondialdehyde - MDA and antioxidant capacity) and inflammation (C-reactive protein) at the end of the training. Among groups submitted to strength training, concentration of C-reactive protein decreased after 8 weeks of intervention in the trained group and GT500. Strength training enhanced plasma MDA concentration of malondialdehyde with supplementation of S. platensis in GT150 and GT500. In plasma analysis, strength training enhanced the percentage of oxidation inhibition, with spirulina supplementation in rates of 150 and 500 mg/kg. Spirulina supplementation for 8 weeks (in a dose-effect manner) improved antioxidant capacity as well as attenuated exercise-induced increases in ROS and inflammation. As a practical application, the use as high doses did not cause a reduction in positive physiological adaptations to exercise training. Additional studies are necessary to test the application of Spirulina Platensis in other contexts, as collective sports (basketball, football, soccer).

9.
Carbohydr Polym ; 236: 116026, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172844

RESUMO

Chitosan-genipin (Ch-Ge) films have been proposed as wine preservative due to their capacity to uptake iron ions. The wine is an aqueous acidic solution of water and ethanol, whose acidity derives from tartaric acid. This acid has been shown to form negatively charged iron-tartrate complexes able to interact with the positively charged amine groups of chitosan, removing the iron ions from solutions. Nevertheless, it is possible that these films can uptake iron ions in the presence of other carboxylic acids. To understand the iron-binding capacity of Ch-Ge films, aqueous solutions of different carboxylic acids were prepared in the presence of iron ions and Ch-Ge films. It was observed that the Ch-Ge films only presented sorption capacity at pH 3.5 in the presence of α-hydroxypolycarboxylic acids, through electrostatic interactions. These results allow proposing a broad application of Ch-Ge films to beverages and other liquids containing malic, tartaric or citric acids.

10.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1771, 2020 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019985

RESUMO

Immune cells resident in adipose tissue have important functions in local and systemic metabolic homeostasis. Nevertheless, these immune cell populations remain poorly characterized in bovines. Recently, we described diverse lymphocyte subpopulations in adipose tissue of Holstein-Friesian cows. Here, we aimed at characterising myeloid cell populations present in bovine adipose tissue using multicolour flow cytometry, cell sorting and histochemistry/immunohistochemistry. Macrophages, CD14+CD11b+MHC-II+CD45+ cells, were identified in mesenteric and subcutaneous adipose tissue, though at higher proportions in the latter. Mast cells, identified as SSC-AhighCD11b-/+CD14-MHC-II-CH138A-CD45+ cells, were also observed in adipose tissue and found at higher proportions than macrophages in mesenteric adipose tissue. Neutrophils, presenting a CH138A+CD11b+ phenotype, were also detected in mesenteric and subcutaneous adipose tissue, however, at much lower frequencies than in the blood. Our gating strategy allowed identification of eosinophils in blood but not in adipose tissue although being detected by morphological analysis at low frequencies in some animals. A population not expressing CD45 and with the CH138A+ CD11b-MHC-II- phenotype, was found abundant and present at higher proportions in mesenteric than subcutaneous adipose tissue. The work reported here may be useful for further studies addressing the function of the described cells.

11.
Mar Drugs ; 18(2)2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013202

RESUMO

The blue alga Spirulina platensis has presented several pharmacological activities, highlighting its actions as an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. In addition, there are few studies with the influence of strength training on physiological parameters, as intestinal contractility and oxidative cell damage. We evaluated the influence of S. platensis supplementation, strength training, and its association on contractile reactivity of rat ileum, as well as the balance of oxidative stress/antioxidant defenses. Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into; sedentary (S); S + supplemented with algae at 50 (S50), 150 (S150), and 500 mg/kg (S500); trained (T); and T + supplemented (T50, T150, and T500). Contractile reactivity was analyzed by kymographs; oxidative stress on ileum by the malondialdehyde (MDA) formation; and the antioxidant capacity by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method. S. platensis supplementation reduced the reactivity of rat ileum to carbachol (CCh) and KCl, while training reduced only the CCh efficacy. In addition, association potentiated the reduction on contractile reactivity. Supplementation reduced the oxidative stress and increased oxidation inhibition; training alone did not alter this parameter, however association potentiated this beneficial effect. Therefore, this study demonstrated that both supplementation and its association with strength training promote beneficial effects regarding intestinal contractile reactivity and oxidative stress, providing new insights for intestinal disorders management.

12.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 189: 110834, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066088

RESUMO

An interdigitated immunosensor for Cystatin C detection based on polypyrrole/carbon nanotube electrochemical capacitor is described. Cystatin C (CysC) is powerful biomarker for early acute renal failure and one predictive for cardiovascular risk, sepsis, cancer and death. Recently, electrochemical immunosensors based on interdigitated electrodes (IDE) have been successfully focused on development of point-of-care testing, due to their miniaturization facilities and higher sensitivity as compared with the screen-printed electrochemical sensing. Herein, a polypyrrole/carbon nanotube nanoyhibrid film was grafted on two gold fingers by electropolymerization obtaining a supercapacitor. Anti-CysC antibodies were immobilized on the IDE by covalent entrapment via ethylenediamine bifunctional agent, followed by glycine blocking in acid and alkaline medium. Under low frequency, capacitive effect of antigen-antibody interaction were observed by double layer capacitance, and analytical responses of this IDE immunosensor to CysC serum were obtained by changes on phase angle a linear range up to 300 ng/mL. The cutoff was calculated for serum samples showing a total reducing of non-specific binding at approximately 28 ng/mL CysC. This immunosensor based on interdigitated electrode (IDE) is a potential tools as portable device,with possibility to use as a practical and rapid test for CysC diagnostic in samples of serum.

13.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(6): 1256-1265, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960003

RESUMO

Sustainably made, flexible and biocompatible composites, having environmentally friendly compositions and multifunctional capabilities, are promising materials for several emerging biomedical applications. Here, the development of flexible and multifunctional chitosan-based bionanocomposites with a mixed reduced graphene oxide-iron oxide (rGO-Fe3-xO4) filler is described. The filler is prepared by one-pot synthesis, ensuring good dispersibility of the Fe3-xO4 nanoparticles and rGO within the chitosan matrix during solvent casting. The resulting bionanocomposites present superparamagnetic response at room temperature. The antioxidant activity is 9 times higher than that of pristine chitosan. The mechanical properties of the films can be tuned from elastic (∼8 MPa) chitosan films to stiff (∼285 MPa) bionanocomposite films with 50% filler. The magnetic hyperthermia tests showed a temperature increase of 40 °C in 45 s for the 50% rGO-Fe3-xO4 film. Furthermore, the composites have no cytotoxicity to the nontumorigenic (HaCat) cell line, which confirms their biocompatibility and highlights the potential of these materials for biomedical applications, such as hyperthermia treatments.

14.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 21(4): 481-485, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31983551

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Anticholinergic drugs have several side effects, and they have been associated with adverse outcomes, particularly in older patients. The aim of this study was to analyze anticholinergic burden and its relationship to delirium and mortality in older acutely ill medical patients. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients 65 years of age and older who were admitted to an Internal Medicine ward between August 1 and December 31, 2016. METHODS: Anticholinergic drug use, outpatient and inpatient, was assessed using the Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale (ACB). Prevalent delirium was diagnosed by the Short Confusion Assessment Method (Short-CAM). RESULTS: Of the 198 patients, 28.3% developed delirium. Mortality rate was 13.6% in-hospital and 45.6% at 12 months. In multivariate analysis, outpatient ACB was associated with delirium, with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.65 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.09-2.51]. Those with delirium had longer hospital stays (median 13 vs 8 days; P = .01), received more drugs (median 18 vs 15; P = .02), and presented a higher inpatient ACB (mean 3.9 vs 3.1; P = .034). No increased risk was found for in-hospital or 12-month mortality with drug use, ACB, or delirium. DISCUSSION: In the population studied, we found an association between anticholinergic burden as measured by the ACB and the presence of delirium, but not with mortality at 12 months. A very high 12-month mortality rate might have been an obstacle for association recognition. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Clinician awareness of possible drug side effects, especially in older populations, is crucial. As part of medication reconciliation at the time of hospitalization, ACB of prehospitalization medications should be routinely calculated by inpatient pharmacy services and made available to medical teams.

15.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 188: 110778, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945632

RESUMO

Gold-core mesoporous silica shell (AuMSS) nanorods unique physicochemical properties makes them versatile and promising nanomedicines for cancer photothermal therapy. Nevertheless, these nanomaterials present a reduced half-life in the blood and poor specificity towards the tumor tissue. Herein, d-α-Tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) and Hyaluronic Acid (HA) were combined for the first time to improve the AuMSS nanorods biological performance. The obtained results revealed that AuMSS surface functionalization induced the surface charge neutralization, from -28 ±â€¯10 mV to -3 ±â€¯5 mV and -10 ±â€¯4 mV for AuMSS-TPGS-HA (1:1) and (4:1) formulations, without impacting on nanomaterials' photothermal capacity. Moreover, the AuMSS functionalization improved the nanomaterials hemocompatibility and selectivity towards the cancer cells, particularly in the AuMSS-TPGS-HA (4:1) formulation. Furthermore, both formulations were able to mediate an on-demand photothermal effect, that induced the HeLa cancer cells death, confirming its potential for being applied as targeted multifunctional theragnostic nanomedicines.

16.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 67(1): 461-465, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574580

RESUMO

The dissemination of vector arthropods harbouring zoonotic pathogens through the uncontrolled transboundary trade of exotic and pet animals poses an important threat to Public Health. In the present report, we describe the introduction of pathogenic Rickettsia africae and R. aeschlimanni in ticks removed from imported tortoises in Qatar. A total of 21 ticks were collected from pet spur-thighed tortoises (Testudo graeca) from Doha, May 2018, and studied for species identification and characterization of Rickettsia spp. Morphological and molecular analysis of ticks allowed their identification as Hyalomma aegyptium. Molecular analysis of partial ompA and gltA genes showed that Rickettsia sequences found on these ticks clustered with sequences classified as R. aeschilimanii and R. africae. Since pre-adult stages of H. aegyptium also feed on humans, this tick species may play a role in the transmission of R. aeschilimanii and R. africae. We alert for the introduction of non-native pets as vehicles for tick importation, known vectors for animal and human pathogenic agents. Importation of exotic species into non-autochthonous countries deserves strict control to enforce robust surveillance and mitigate potential exotic diseases epidemics.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; 719: 134886, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837882

RESUMO

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) particles have been widely used in various industrial applications and consumer products. Due to their large production and use, they will eventually enter into aquatic environments. Once in the aquatic environment TiO2 particles may interact with the organisms and induce toxic effects. Since the most common crystallographic forms of TiO2 are rutile and anatase, the present study evaluated the effect of these two forms of TiO2 particles in Mytilus galloprovincialis. For this, mussels were exposed to different concentrations of rutile and anatase particles (0, 5, 50, 100 µg/L) for twenty-eight days. Ti concentrations, histopathological alterations and biochemical effects were evaluated. Similar Ti concentrations were found in mussels exposed to rutile and anatase, with the highest values in mussels exposed to the highest exposure concentration. Histopathological results demonstrated that both forms of TiO2 induced alterations on gills and digestive glands along the increasing exposure gradient. Biochemical markers showed that mussels exposed to rutile maintained their metabolic capacity (assessed by the activity of the Electron Transport System, ETS), while anatase increased the metabolism of mussels. Mussels exposed to rutile increased their detoxifying defences which, due to the low tested concentrations, were sufficient to avoid cellular damage. On the other hand, mussels exposed to anatase suffered cellular damages despite the increase of the antioxidant defences which may be related to the high ETS activity. Both rutile and anatase particles were toxic to M. galloprovincialis, being the highest oxidative stress exerted by the crystalline form anatase.


Assuntos
Mytilus , Animais , Estresse Oxidativo , Titânio , Poluentes Químicos da Água
18.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(1): 45-64, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764934

RESUMO

Supramolecular hydrogels are highly promising candidates as biomedical materials owing to their wide array of properties, which can be tailored and modulated. Additionally, their combination with plasmonic/magnetic nanoparticles to form plasmonic magnetogels further improves their potential in biomedical applications through the combination of complementary strategies, such as photothermia, magnetic hyperthermia, photodynamic therapy and magnetic-guided drug delivery. Here, a new dehydropeptide hydrogelator, Npx-l-Met-Z-ΔPhe-OH, was developed and combined with two different plasmonic/magnetic nanoparticle architectures, i.e., core/shell manganese ferrite/gold nanoparticles and gold-decorated manganese ferrite nanoparticles with ca. 55 nm and 45 nm sizes, respectively. The magnetogels were characterized via HR-TEM, FTIR spectroscopy, circular dichroism and rheological assays. The gels were tested as nanocarriers for a model antitumor drug, the natural compound curcumin. The incorporation of the drug in the magnetogel matrices was confirmed through fluorescence-based techniques (FRET, fluorescence anisotropy and quenching). The curcumin release profiles were studied with and without the excitation of the gold plasmon band. The transport of curcumin from the magnetogels towards biomembrane models (small unilamellar vesicles) was assessed via FRET between the fluorescent drug and the lipid probe Nile Red. The developed magnetogels showed promising results for photothermia and photo-triggered drug release. The magnetogels bearing gold-decorated nanoparticles showed the best photothermia properties, while the ones containing core/shell nanoparticles had the best photoinduced curcumin release.

19.
Work ; 65(1): 111-119, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The work of cemetery workers presents high physical demands and significant psychosocial stressors, but there are no studies about the influence of these risk factors on their work ability. OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to analyse how socio-demographic and psychosocial factors are related to work ability among cemetery workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was applied at seven cemeteries of Lisbon, between November and December of 2015. The response rate was 88.9% (n = 168). The survey involved socio-demographic data, the Work Ability Index, and COPSOQII. Multiple linear regression analysis, using the backward elimination stepwise method, was done to identify the significant predictors of work ability. RESULTS: Results indicated a high prevalence of unsatisfactory WAI scores (39.5%), which, together with a mean age of 51 years showed these participants may have a high probability of being declared unfit for their current jobs. The main predictors of work ability were: general health, burnout, temporary work impairment, job satisfaction, age, and quality of leadership. CONCLUSIONS: The study highlights the relationship between age, health perception, work impairment, psychosocial variables, and work ability. This knowledge is crucial for the organization of occupational health programmes fitting the needs of cemetery workers and aiming at retaining these workers until the legal retirement age.

20.
Int J Clin Pharm ; 42(1): 193-200, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865595

RESUMO

Background Prescription evaluation by pharmacists has potential to improve pharmacotherapy management. It requires the use of robust methods to identify drug-related problems (DRP), which are important issues in pharmacotherapy. Objective To evaluate the applicability and reliability of Grupo de Investigação em Cuidados Farmacêuticos (GIGUF) method for prescription analysis, identification and classification of drug-related problems in inpatients prescriptions. Setting Department of Medical Clinic of a tertiary and teaching Brazilian hospital. Method An observational and retrospective study of identification and classification of drug-related problems. GIGUF method was used to evaluate prescriptions of hematological patients hospitalized between August and October 2015. The problems were categorized using GICUF-method classification. Three pharmacists performed inter-rater agreement analysis of the method using Kappa. Differences in prevalence of DRP was calculated by age, sex, pharmacotherapy complexity, length of stay and number of drugs. Main outcome measure (a) frequency and characteristics and (b) inter-rater agreement in identification and classification of the drug-related problems. Results A total of 211 problems were identified and 'inadequate dosing' was the most common problem. There was an association between the occurence of a drug-reklated problem and complexity of pharmacotherapy (p = 0.001) and number of drugs used (p = 0.010). The overall inter-rater agreement was moderate (k = 0.44 IC 95% 0.34-0.55) and the problem 'not suitable drug' (k = 0.55 IC 95% 0.44-0.66) had greater inter-rater agreement. Conclusion The method "Evaluation Drug Use Process" was useful for prescription analysis since it made the identification and classification of DRPs possible. The method demonstrated a moderate inter-rater agreement, and can contribute to pharmacotherapy management by hospital pharmacists.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA