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1.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14812, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616008

RESUMO

Here, we assessed whether 41 SNPs within steroid hormone genes associated with erosive disease. The most relevant finding was the rheumatoid factor (RF)-specific effect of the CYP1B1, CYP2C9, ESR2, FcγR3A, and SHBG SNPs to modulate the risk of bone erosions (P = 0.004, 0.0007, 0.0002, 0.013 and 0.015) that was confirmed through meta-analysis of our data with those from the DREAM registry (P = 0.000081, 0.0022, 0.00074, 0.0067 and 0.0087, respectively). Mechanistically, we also found a gender-specific correlation of the CYP2C9rs1799853T/T genotype with serum vitamin D3 levels (P = 0.00085) and a modest effect on IL1ß levels after stimulation of PBMCs or blood with LPS and PHA (P = 0.0057 and P = 0.0058). An overall haplotype analysis also showed an association of 3 ESR1 haplotypes with a reduced risk of erosive arthritis (P = 0.009, P = 0.002, and P = 0.002). Furthermore, we observed that the ESR2, ESR1 and FcγR3A SNPs influenced the immune response after stimulation of PBMCs or macrophages with LPS or Pam3Cys (P = 0.002, 0.0008, 0.0011 and 1.97•10-7). Finally, we found that a model built with steroid hormone-related SNPs significantly improved the prediction of erosive disease in seropositive patients (PRF+ = 2.46•10-8) whereas no prediction was detected in seronegative patients (PRF- = 0.36). Although the predictive ability of the model was substantially lower in the replication population (PRF+ = 0.014), we could confirm that CYP1B1 and CYP2C9 SNPs help to predict erosive disease in seropositive patients. These results are the first to suggest a RF-specific association of steroid hormone-related polymorphisms with erosive disease.

2.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0213073, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30818333

RESUMO

Research in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is increasingly focused on the discovery of biomarkers that could enable personalized treatments. The genetic biomarkers associated with the response to TNF inhibitors (TNFi) are among the most studied. They include 12 SNPs exhibiting promising results in the three largest genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, they still require further validation. With this aim, we assessed their association with response to TNFi in a replication study, and a meta-analysis summarizing all non-redundant data. The replication involved 755 patients with RA that were treated for the first time with a biologic drug, which was either infliximab (n = 397), etanercept (n = 155) or adalimumab (n = 203). Their DNA samples were successfully genotyped with a single-base extension multiplex method. Lamentably, none of the 12 SNPs was associated with response to the TNFi in the replication study (p > 0.05). However, a drug-stratified exploratory analysis revealed a significant association of the NUBPL rs2378945 SNP with a poor response to etanercept (B = -0.50, 95% CI = -0.82, -0.17, p = 0.003). In addition, the meta-analysis reinforced the previous association of three SNPs: rs2378945, rs12142623, and rs4651370. In contrast, five of the remaining SNPs were less associated than before, and the other four SNPs were no longer associated with the response to treatment. In summary, our results highlight the complexity of the pharmacogenetics of TNFi in RA showing that it could involve a drug-specific component and clarifying the status of the 12 GWAS-drawn SNPs.

3.
PLoS One ; 13(5): e0196793, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29734345

RESUMO

Genetic biomarkers are sought to personalize treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), given their variable response to TNF inhibitors (TNFi). However, no genetic biomaker is yet sufficiently validated. Here, we report a validation study of 18 previously reported genetic biomarkers, including 11 from GWAS of response to TNFi. The validation was attempted in 581 patients with RA that had not been treated with biologic antirheumatic drugs previously. Their response to TNFi was evaluated at 3, 6 and 12 months in two ways: change in the DAS28 measure of disease activity, and according to the EULAR criteria for response to antirheumatic drugs. Association of these parameters with the genotypes, obtained by PCR amplification followed by single-base extension, was tested with regression analysis. These analyses were adjusted for baseline DAS28, sex, and the specific TNFi. However, none of the proposed biomarkers was validated, as none showed association with response to TNFi in our study, even at the time of assessment and with the outcome that showed the most significant result in previous studies. These negative results are notable because this was the first independent validation study for 12 of the biomarkers, and because they indicate that prudence is needed in the interpretation of the proposed biomarkers of response to TNFi even when they are supported by very low p values. The results also emphasize the requirement of independent replication for validation, and the need to search protocols that could increase reproducibility of the biomarkers of response to TNFi.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 17: 63, 2015 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25885039

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We have hypothesized that incompatibility between the G1m genotype of the patient and the G1m1 and G1m17 allotypes carried by infliximab (INX) and adalimumab (ADM) could decrease the efficacy of these anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) antibodies in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The G1m genotypes were analyzed in three collections of patients with RA totaling 1037 subjects. The first, used for discovery, comprised 215 Spanish patients. The second and third were successively used for replication. They included 429 British and Greek patients and 393 Spanish and British patients, respectively. Two outcomes were considered: change in the Disease Activity Score in 28 joint (ΔDAS28) and the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) response criteria. RESULTS: An association between less response to INX and incompatibility of the G1m1,17 allotype was found in the discovery collection at 6 months of treatment (P = 0.03). This association was confirmed in the replications (P = 0.02 and 0.08, respectively) leading to a global association (P = 0.001) that involved a mean difference in ΔDAS28 of 0.4 units between compatible and incompatible patients (2.3 ± 1.5 in compatible patients vs. 1.9 ± 1.5 in incompatible patients) and an increase in responders and decrease in non-responders according to the EULAR criteria (P = 0.03). A similar association was suggested for patients treated with ADM in the discovery collection, but it was not supported by replication. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that G1m1,17 allotypes are associated with response to INX and could aid improved therapeutic targeting in RA.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Imunoglobulina G/genética , Infliximab/genética , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Sequência de Bases , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Alótipos de Imunoglobulina , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
5.
Pharmacogenomics ; 16(4): 333-45, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25823782

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Reproducible association of a functional polymorphism in FCGR2A with response to a TNF inhibitor (TNFi) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) led us to explore other FcγR functional polymorphisms. METHODS: Functional polymorphisms FCGR3A F158V, FCGR2B I223T and promoter VNTR in FCGRT were analyzed in up to 429 patients with RA. Response to TNFi was recorded during standard care at 3, 6 and 12 months of follow-up. Fixed effects meta-analysis of studies addressing FCGR3A F158V polymorphism, which is the most studied of these polymorphisms, was conducted with inverse variance weighting. RESULTS: None of the functional polymorphisms were associated with change in DAS28. Meta-analysis of the seven studies (899 patients) with available data addressing association of FCGR3A F158V with response to TNFi in RA showed no association (OR: 1.11, 95% CI: 0.8-1.5; p = 0.5). CONCLUSION: None of the three functional polymorphisms in FcγR genes showed association with response to TNFi in patients with RA. These negative results were obtained in spite of the larger size of this study relative to previous studies addressing the same polymorphisms. In addition, meta-analysis of FCGR3A F158V was also negative against the results provided by previous studies. Original submitted 17 September 2014; Revision submitted 9 December 2014.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Receptores Fc/genética , Receptores de IgG/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
6.
Pharmacogenet Genomics ; 24(5): 238-45, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24667440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess a functional polymorphism in FCGR2A H131R, for association with the treatment response to Fc-containing inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor (TNF). METHODS: A total of 429 biologic-naive patients with rheumatoid arthritis collected in two sets (299 and 130) were treated during standard care with infliximab (INX), etanercept, or adalimumab. Response to the treatment was evaluated at 3, 6, and 12 months of follow-up as the change in the Disease Activity Score (DAS) 28 from baseline and as the response by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) criteria. These variables were analyzed for association with linear and logistic regression models that included sex, inhibitors of TNF, and baseline DAS28 as covariates. RESULTS: Significant association was found between the FCGR2A H131R polymorphism and the response to treatment with INX, but not with the other two TNF inhibitors. The 131R allele was associated with a lower change in DAS28 (P=0.04-0.008 at different times) in the first set of patients and confirmed in the second group of patients (P=0.026 at 3 months of follow-up). Association was also found in the comparison between nonresponders and responders to INX by the EULAR criteria. CONCLUSION: We found an association of the FCGR2A 131R allele with poor response to INX. This finding could be of utility to understand the mechanisms behind treatment failure and contribute to biomarker panels for INX response prediction.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Receptores de IgG/genética , Adalimumab , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Infliximab , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
7.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 16(2): R66, 2014 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24612463

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In this study, our aim was to elucidate the role of four polymorphisms identified in a prior large genome-wide association study (GWAS) in which the investigators analyzed the responses of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to treatment with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi). The authors of that study reported that the four genetic variants were significantly associated. However, none of the associations reached GWAS significance, and two subsequent studies failed to replicate these associations. METHODS: The four polymorphisms (rs12081765, rs1532269, rs17301249 and rs7305646) were genotyped in a total of 634 TNFi-treated RA patients of Spanish Caucasian origin. Four outcomes were evaluated: changes in the Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS28) after 6 and 12 months of treatment and classification according to the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) response criteria at the same time points. Association with DAS28 changes was assessed by linear regression using an additive genetic model. Contingency tables of genotype and allele frequencies between EULAR responder and nonresponder patients were compared. In addition, we combined our data with those of previously reported studies in a meta-analysis including 2,998 RA patients. RESULTS: None of the four genetic variants showed an association with response to TNFi in any of the four outcomes analyzed in our Spanish patients. In addition, only rs1532269 yielded a suggestive association (P = 0.0033) with the response to TNFi when available data from previous studies were combined in the meta-analysis. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the rs12081765, rs1532269, rs17301249 and rs7305646 genetic variants do not have a role as genetic predictors of TNFi treatment outcomes.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Idoso , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
PLoS One ; 8(8): e72732, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24023637

RESUMO

The present study was conducted to explore whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Th1 and Th17 cell-mediated immune response genes differentially influence the risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in women and men. In phase one, 27 functional/tagging polymorphisms in C-type lectins and MCP-1/CCR2 axis were genotyped in 458 RA patients and 512 controls. Carriers of Dectin-2 rs4264222T allele had an increased risk of RA (OR = 1.47, 95%CI 1.10-1.96) whereas patients harboring the DC-SIGN rs4804803G, MCP-1 rs1024611G, MCP-1 rs13900T and MCP-1 rs4586C alleles had a decreased risk of developing the disease (OR = 0.66, 95%CI 0.49-0.88; OR = 0.66, 95%CI 0.50-0.89; OR = 0.73, 95%CI 0.55-0.97 and OR = 0.68, 95%CI 0.51-0.91). Interestingly, significant gender-specific differences were observed for Dectin-2 rs4264222 and Dectin-2 rs7134303: women carrying the Dectin-2 rs4264222T and Dectin-2 rs7134303G alleles had an increased risk of RA (OR = 1.93, 95%CI 1.34-2.79 and OR = 1.90, 95%CI 1.29-2.80). Also five other SNPs showed significant associations only with one gender: women carrying the MCP-1 rs1024611G, MCP-1 rs13900T and MCP-1 rs4586C alleles had a decreased risk of RA (OR = 0.61, 95%CI 0.43-0.87; OR = 0.67, 95%CI 0.47-0.95 and OR = 0.60, 95%CI 0.42-0.86). In men, carriers of the DC-SIGN rs2287886A allele had an increased risk of RA (OR = 1.70, 95%CI 1.03-2.78), whereas carriers of the DC-SIGN rs4804803G had a decreased risk of developing the disease (OR = 0.53, 95%CI 0.32-0.89). In phase 2, we genotyped these SNPs in 754 RA patients and 519 controls, leading to consistent gender-specific associations for Dectin-2 rs4264222, MCP-1 rs1024611, MCP-1 rs13900 and DC-SIGN rs4804803 polymorphisms in the pooled sample (OR = 1.38, 95%CI 1.08-1.77; OR = 0.74, 95%CI 0.58-0.94; OR = 0.76, 95%CI 0.59-0.97 and OR = 0.56, 95%CI 0.34-0.93). SNP-SNP interaction analysis of significant SNPs also showed a significant two-locus interaction model in women that was not seen in men. This model consisted of Dectin-2 rs4264222 and Dectin-2 rs7134303 SNPs and suggested a synergistic effect between the variants. These findings suggest that Dectin-2, MCP-1 and DC-SIGN polymorphisms may, at least in part, account for gender-associated differences in susceptibility to RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Imunidade Celular/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Caracteres Sexuais , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Redução Dimensional com Múltiplos Fatores , Receptores CCR2/genética , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Fatores de Risco
9.
J Rheumatol ; 37(10): 2110-7, 2010 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20810495

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the response to therapy of entheseal abnormalities assessed with power Doppler (PD) ultrasound (US) in spondyloarthropathies (SpA). METHODS: A total of 327 patients with active SpA who were starting anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy were prospectively recruited at 35 Spanish centers. A PDUS examination of 14 peripheral entheses was performed by the same investigator in each center at baseline and at 6 months. The following elementary lesions were assessed at each enthesis (presence/absence): morphologic abnormalities (hypoechogenicity and/or thickening), entheseal calcific deposits, cortical abnormalities (bone erosion and/or proliferation), adjacent bursitis and intraenthesis and perienthesis (tendon body and/or bursa) PD signal. Response to therapy of each elementary lesion was assessed by calculating change in the cumulative presence from baseline to 6 months. Intraobserver reliability of PDUS was evaluated by blindly assessing the stored baseline images 3 months after the real-time examination. RESULTS: Complete data were obtained on 197 patients who received anti-TNF therapy for 6 months. In 91.4% of the patients there were gray-scale or PD elementary lesions at baseline and at 6 months. Cumulative entheseal morphologic abnormalities, intraenthesis PD, perienthesis PD, and bursitis showed a significant decrease from baseline to 6 months (p < 0.05). There was high intraobserver reliability for all elementary lesions (interclass correlation coefficient > 0.90, p < 0.0005). CONCLUSION: Entheseal morphologic abnormalities, PD signal, and bursitis were US abnormalities that were responsive to anti-TNF therapy in SpA. PDUS can be a reproducible method for multicenter monitoring of therapeutic response in enthesitis of SpA.


Assuntos
Espondiloartropatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondiloartropatias/patologia , Tendinopatia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tendinopatia/patologia , Tendões , Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos , Adulto , Bursite/diagnóstico por imagem , Bursite/tratamento farmacológico , Bursite/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espanha , Espondiloartropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Tendinopatia/tratamento farmacológico , Tendões/anormalidades , Tendões/diagnóstico por imagem , Tendões/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
10.
J Rheumatol ; 30(3): 435-7, 2003 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12610796

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) at positions -384 and 114 in the human interleukin 2 (IL-2) gene with susceptibility to and severity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Genotyping for these IL-2 variants was performed by a polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism method in 174 RA patients and 153 control individuals. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were observed when the -384 and 114 IL-2 genotype distributions between RA patients and healthy controls were compared. In addition, no association was found between the IL-2 genotypes with any demographic and clinical variables tested. CONCLUSION: Our results provide no evidence for genetic association conferred by the -384 and 114 IL-2 SNP with respect to susceptibility and severity of RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Interleucina-2/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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