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1.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 64(1): 4-10, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187268

RESUMO

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and to explore the relationship between body fat percentage and metabolic markers. Subjects and methods Sedentary women were assigned to PCOS (N = 60) and CONTROL (N = 60) groups. Each group was subdivided into three subgroups according to body fat percentage (22-27%, 27-32% and 32-37%). The protocol consisted of assessments of glucose, insulin, androgens, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), leptin, adiponectin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Results The PCOS subgroups showed higher concentrations of androgens, LH and 17-OHP. Leptin showed direct relationship with increased body fat percentage, whereas adiponectin showed the inverse effect. However, both were unaffected by PCOS. TNF-α and IL-6 were higher in PCOS women and showed a direct relationship with increased body fat percentage. Glucose showed direct relationship with body fat percentage, whereas insulin presented higher values in PCOS women and direct relationship with increased body fat percentage. Conclusions Our findings indicate that PCOS and body fat percentage directly influence concentrations of insulin, TNF-α and IL-6, whereas leptin and adiponectin are influenced only by the increase in body fat percentage in these women. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2020;64(1):4-10.

2.
J Affect Disord ; 262: 350-358, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both physical and mental health care for women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) require a multidisciplinary approach. We evaluated the effects of continuous (CAT) and intermittent (IAT) aerobic training in different protocols that measure body image, anxiety, depression and sexual dysfunction in women with PCOS. METHODS: In this controlled clinical trial, women with PCOS were randomly allocated for 16 weeks to 1 out of 3 groups: CAT (n = 28), IAT (n = 29), or control group (CG, n = 30). For data collection, we used the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), Figure Rating Scale (FRS), Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Measurement Scales (HADS). RESULTS: No effects of CAT, IAT or CG groups were identified in the perceptual dimension of body image. The dis(satisfaction) grade improved after exercise in the CAT group (p ≤ 0.01) compared to the CG, as well as improved within CAT and IAT groups. Total FSFI, and HADS-A and HADS-D scores improved after exercise in the both groups. At baseline and after the study period, there were positive correlations between scores for dis(satisfaction), HADS-A and HADS-D scores. HADS-A and HADS-D scores had a negative correlation with FSFI total in the IAT (p = =0.02) group compared to the CG, as well as within CAT and IAT groups. LIMITATIONS: The participants were not matched for body mass index (normal, overweight and obese) which may interfere on body image dimensions. CONCLUSION: Aerobic exercise improves sexual function and indices related to anxiety and depression. Likewise, it interferes in cognitive-affective dimension of the body image.

3.
J Health Psychol ; : 1359105319869806, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495231

RESUMO

Polycystic ovary syndrome predisposes alterations which contribute to the reduction of quality of life. This randomized controlled clinical trial study was to evaluate the effect of two protocols of aerobic exercise on quality of life in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Women were allocated to three groups: continuous aerobic training (n = 28), intermittent aerobic training (n = 29), and control group (no training; n = 30). Testosterone levels, body composition indices, and quality of life were assessed at baseline and after 16 weeks of intervention. Both protocols were effective to improve testosterone levels, anthropometric indices, and quality of life in polycystic ovary syndrome women. Thus, these protocols should be included in the clinical environment to improve clinical parameters psychological, biological and social health to this population.

4.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 63(4): 417-426, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365630

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations among visceral adiposity index (VAI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), body fat percentage (%), and android/gynoid ratio (A/G ratio) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and verify if the parameters representative of visceral obesity correlate with and exhibit the same frequency as body composition variables; anthropometric indices; and metabolic, hormonal, and inflammatory parameters. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that included 94 women with PCOS. Hormonal, metabolic, and inflammatory parameters were analyzed in all women. Free androgen index (FAI) and homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR), as well as LAP, VAI, and anthropometric indices, were calculated. The regions of interest (ROIs) in body composition and body composition indices were evaluated using a dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Overall, 32 variables were selected as markers of body fat distribution. RESULTS: Among the 32 markers evaluated, 29 correlated with LAP, whereas 25 correlated with VAI, 19 with body fat (%), and 30 with A/G ratio. Additionally, some markers correlated with the four adiposity indices evaluated: ROIs, except for total mass and leg fat (%); body composition (body mass index, waist circumference, and hip circumference) indices; fasting insulin; and C-reactive protein. CONCLUSION: LAP and VAI may be sensitive measures for screening and preventing metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance in PCOS, with LAP being more sensitive than VAI, and the A/G ratio may be more sensitive than body fat percentage.


Assuntos
Distribuição da Gordura Corporal , Gordura Intra-Abdominal , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/análise , Composição Corporal , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Insulina/sangue , Produto da Acumulação Lipídica , Sobrepeso/sangue , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Globulina de Ligação a Hormônio Sexual/análise , Testosterona/sangue , Adulto Jovem
5.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(4): 417-426, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1019352

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the associations among visceral adiposity index (VAI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), body fat percentage (%), and android/gynoid ratio (A/G ratio) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and verify if the parameters representative of visceral obesity correlate with and exhibit the same frequency as body composition variables; anthropometric indices; and metabolic, hormonal, and inflammatory parameters. Subjects and methods This was a cross-sectional study that included 94 women with PCOS. Hormonal, metabolic, and inflammatory parameters were analyzed in all women. Free androgen index (FAI) and homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR), as well as LAP, VAI, and anthropometric indices, were calculated. The regions of interest (ROIs) in body composition and body composition indices were evaluated using a dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Overall, 32 variables were selected as markers of body fat distribution. Results Among the 32 markers evaluated, 29 correlated with LAP, whereas 25 correlated with VAI, 19 with body fat (%), and 30 with A/G ratio. Additionally, some markers correlated with the four adiposity indices evaluated: ROIs, except for total mass and leg fat (%); body composition (body mass index, waist circumference, and hip circumference) indices; fasting insulin; and C-reactive protein. Conclusion LAP and VAI may be sensitive measures for screening and preventing metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance in PCOS, with LAP being more sensitive than VAI, and the A/G ratio may be more sensitive than body fat percentage.

6.
Contraception ; 100(4): 258-263, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145885

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether timing of etonogestrel (ENG) implant insertion during the postpartum period affects maternal bleeding patterns, body mass index (BMI) and 12-month satisfaction and continuation rates. STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of an open, randomized, controlled trial. Postpartum women were block-randomized to early (up to 48 h postpartum) or delayed (6 weeks postpartum) insertion of an ENG implant. Bleeding patterns and BMI were evaluated every 90 days for 12 months. At 12 months, we measured implant continuation rates and used Likert and face scales to measure users' satisfaction. The level of significance was 0.4% (adjusted by Bonferroni test for multiplicity). RESULTS: We enrolled 100 postpartum women; we randomized 50 to early and 50 to delayed postpartum ENG implant insertion. Bleeding patterns were similar between groups. Amenorrhea rates were high in both groups during the follow-up (52%-56% and 46%-62% in the early and delayed insertion group, respectively). Prolonged bleeding episodes were unusual in both groups during the follow-up (0-2%). Maternal BMI was similar between groups and decreased over time. Twelve-month continuation rates were similar between groups (early insertion: 98% vs. delayed insertion: 100%, p=.99). Most participants were either very satisfied or satisfied with the ENG implant in both groups (p=.9). CONCLUSION: Women who underwent immediate postpartum insertion of the ENG implant have similar bleeding patterns, BMI changes, and 12-month satisfaction and continuation rates compared to those who underwent delayed insertion. IMPLICATIONS: Our results from a secondary analysis of a clinical trial support that satisfaction, continuation and bleeding patterns do not differ when women received contraceptive implants immediately postpartum or at 6 weeks. However, the emphasis on infant growth in the trial and easy access to delayed placement may have influenced results.

7.
JBRA Assist Reprod ; 23(3): 273-280, 2019 08 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091056

RESUMO

Endometriosis is a highly prevalent disease among women of reproductive age and is frequently associated to infertility. However, the mechanisms underlying endometriosis-related infertility are still not completely known. Several studies have been conducted in order to elucidate this question. Besides anatomical changes that may impair gametes and embryo transport along the tubes; a smaller ovarian reserve due to advanced endometriosis and endometriomas; and a dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis, there are pieces of evidence suggesting that the peritoneal ectopic endometrial foci may induce a local inflammatory response, with the recruitment of macrophages, cytokine release, and reactive oxygen species generation, leading to a pro-oxidant peritoneal microenvironment. These alterations may be systemically reflected and also affect the follicular microenvironment. A harmful follicular fluid may disrupt cumulus cells functions and, consequently, compromise oocyte competence. There is also evidence suggesting that the peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis may alter sperm function. Reduced endometrial receptivity is also pointed as a possible mechanism involved in endometriosis-related infertility, which needs further investigation.

8.
J Affect Disord ; 253: 385-393, 2019 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with lower levels of satisfaction with body image, which can affect sexuality and social well-being. Thus, we evaluated body image in women with PCOS and its association with body dis(satisfaction), anthropometric indices, sexual function, anxiety, and depression. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 94 women of reproductive age were grouped by body mass index (BMI) and sexual function. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), Figure Rating Scale (FRS), hospital anxiety (HADS-A) and depression (HADS-D) measurement scales, and anthropometric indices were used for data collection. RESULTS: Women with PCOS presented with perceptual distortions of self-image independent of sexual function and BMI. There were negative correlations between HADS-A and HADS-D scores and the FSFI total score, and HADS-D scores had positive correlations with weight, anthropometric indices, and BSQ total score. The degree of dis(satisfaction) was a predictor of FSFI total score, depression, and anxiety, and the FSFI total score was predicted by HADS-D. Desired and ideal-gender BMIs were risk factors for sexual dysfunction, and overweight and obesity were risk factors for the degree of dis(satisfaction). LIMITATIONS: This study had the limitations of using a cross-sectional design and it investigated a restricted number of clinical/biochemical parameters, as well as lacked objective measures of acne and hirsutism, and a control group. CONCLUSIONS: Perception and cognitive-affective dimensions appear to play important roles in body image dysfunction in women with PCOS, and impact sexual dysfunction and depression associated the syndrome. Furthermore, these results provide additional treatment considerations for women with PCOS.

10.
JBRA Assist Reprod ; 23(4): 418-429, 2019 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30969739

RESUMO

Advances in the early diagnosis and treatment of cancer have reduced mortality rates and improved patient survival. For this reason, professionals from different areas have strived to implement actions to increase patient quality-of-life during and after cancer treatment. Among these measures, integral attention in reproductive health is one of the main points for the inclusion, safety, and autonomy of female patients. The approach to fertility in these cases should include counseling on fertility preservation and contraceptive options. Oocyte/embryo freezing is an effective technique that does not delay the start of cancer treatment, since controlled ovarian stimulation can be initiated at any stage of the menstrual cycle. At the same time, contraceptive counseling should be conducted based on the eligibility criteria established by the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, there is still a lack of studies on (i) the suitability of contraceptives to patients of reproductive age with relatively frequent tumors (lymphoma, leukemia, bone cancer), and (ii) the use of contraceptive concurrently with chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore, the choice of contraceptive method should consider other factors such as tumor type, thrombogenic risk factors linked to cancer/chemotherapy, immunosuppression, blood disorders (thrombocytopenia/anemia), bone mass reduction, metabolic/cardiovascular effects, and drug interaction.

11.
Reprod Sci ; 26(12): 1568-1574, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782101

RESUMO

Endometriosis is frequently related to infertility and little is known about the mechanisms underlying this association. Some studies point to an endometrial factor involved in this condition, which could compromise embryo implantation. Progesterone plays crucial role in endometrial receptivity by acting through progesterone receptor (PGR) isoforms PR-A and PR-B whose expression is epigenetically regulated by DNA methylation, in a specific promoter region for each isoform. Epigenetic changes in PGR-A and PGR-B may be related to progesterone resistance of endometriosis-related infertility. In order to better understand the mechanisms involved in endometrial receptivity, this case-control study aimed to compare the methylation pattern of PGR-A and PGR-B in eutopic endometrium from infertile women with and without endometriosis during the secretory phase. Endometrial biopsies from 19 patients (10 infertile women with endometriosis and 9 infertile controls) with regular cycles were performed during the secretory phase and were dated according to Noyes' criteria. The percentage of DNA methylation at PGR-A and PGR-B was carried out by high-resolution melting assay. The PGR-A gene showed 0% of DNA methylation (unmethylated) in both control and endometriosis groups. However, PGR-B gene showed a partially methylated pattern in majority of the patients (n = 7), with methylation percentage corresponding to 50%, while in the control group the percentage of methylation was 20% (hypomethylated; P = .04). The increased percentage of methylation at PGR-B may be related to reduced gene expression, which could compromise the endometrial receptivity in patients with endometriosis.

12.
Syst Biol Reprod Med ; 65(2): 95-104, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30601031

RESUMO

Varicocele pathophysiology is related to increased oxidative stress, which might result in loss sperm DNA integrity as well as in genomic instability. Sperm telomere shortening and loss of global DNA methylation are the main features of genomic instability, leading to cell senescence and death, whereas sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) characterizes the loss of chromatin integrity. We hypothesize that sperm genomic stability and DNA integrity is reduced in infertile men with moderate and large-sized varicoceles, thus being candidate markers of sperm quality in varicocele-related infertility. Here, we assessed the sperm global DNA methylation, telomere length, and SDF in men with and without clinically palpable varicoceles. While the rates of SDF and telomere length were not statistically different between varicocele patients and controls, global sperm DNA methylation seems to be lower in men with varicocele (49.7% ± 20.7%) than controls (64.7% ± 17.1%). A negative correlation between SDF and sperm motility and a positive correlation between sperm morphology and telomere length were observed. Our results suggest that varicocele may result in genomic instability, in particular, global DNA hypomethylation. However, a large sample size may confirm these findings. The understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of varicocele-related infertility may help to better select candidates for varicocele repair.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Telômero , Varicocele/genética , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Fragmentação do DNA , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Masculino , Espermatozoides/metabolismo
13.
Reprod Sci ; 26(6): 785-793, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30231769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Endometriosis is characterized by the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. The prevalence of endometriosis among women experiencing pain, infertility, or both is as high as 35% to 50%. The most common symptoms of endometriosis are dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility. Evidence has suggested that endometriosis symptoms result from a local inflammatory peritoneal reaction caused by ectopic endometrial implants that undergo cyclic bleeding. On the other hand, regular physical exercise seems to have protective effects against diseases that involve inflammatory processes such as type 2 diabetes and colon and breast cancer. On this basis, it is possible that the practice of physical exercise may have beneficial effects on endometriosis. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the possible anti-inflammatory effect of physical exercise on endometriosis experimentally induced in rats. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy female Wistar rats were divided into 7groups of 10 animals each. Animals performed light exercise (swimming once a week), moderate exercise (swimming 3 times a week), and intense exercise (swimming 5 times a week) before or after endometriosis induction. RESULTS: At the end of the experimental protocol, a reduction in the size of endometriotic lesions was observed after physical exercise regardless of its frequency, with a greater reduction in the groups practicing moderate and intense activity; an increase in FAS levels and a decrease in matrix metalloproteinases 9 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)levels was also observed. The immunohistochemistry results did not lead to conclusive results. As expected, oxidative stress was reduced in all groups. These results show that the practice of physical exercise could be beneficial, at least in part, for the treatment of endometriosis.

14.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 40(10): 606-613, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30352458

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyze the expression of the CD63, S100A6, and GNB2L1genes, which participate in mechanisms related to the complex pathophysiology of endometriosis. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted with 40 women who were diagnosed with endometriosis, and 15 fertile and healthy women. Paired samples of eutopic endometrium and endometriotic lesions (peritoneal and ovarian endometriotic implants) were obtained from the women with endometriosis in the proliferative (n = 20) or secretory phases (n = 20) of the menstrual cycle. As controls, paired endometrial biopsy samples were collected from the healthy women in the proliferative (n = 15) and secretory (n = 15) phases of the same menstrual cycle. We analyzed the expression levels of the CD63, S100A6, and GNB2L1 genes by real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: An increase in CD63, S100A6, and GNB2L1 gene transcript levels was observed in the ectopic implants compared with the eutopic endometrium of the women with and without endometriosis, regardless of the phase of the menstrual cycle. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the CD63, S100A6, and GNB2L1 genes may be involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis, since they participate in mechanisms such as inhibition of apoptosis, angiogenesis and cell proliferation, which lead to the loss of cell homeostasis in the ectopic endometrium, thus contributing to the implantation and survival of the tissue in the extrauterine environment.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Endometriose/genética , Endometriose/patologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Receptores de Quinase C Ativada/genética , Proteína A6 Ligante de Cálcio S100/genética , Tetraspanina 30/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos
15.
J Sex Med ; 15(11): 1609-1619, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30316737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition characterized by hyperandrogenism, anthropometric changes (increased weight and waist-to-hip ratio [WHR]), behavioral changes (sexual dysfunction, anxiety, and depression), and reduced quality of life. Physical exercise may reduce many of the adverse effects of PCOS. However, no studies have yet evaluated the effects of aerobic exercise on the sexual function of women with PCOS. AIM: To compare the effects of continuous and intermittent aerobic physical training on the sexual function and mood of women with PCOS. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a controlled clinical trial in which women with PCOS (18-39 years of age) were randomly allocated to 1 of 3 groups for 16 weeks: continuous aerobic training (CAT, n = 23), intermittent aerobic training (IAT, n = 22), or no training (control group, n = 24). The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) was used to assess sexual function, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to assess anxiety and depression. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The main outcome measure used was the FSFI. OUTCOMES: The primary outcomes were changes from baseline in total FSFI score and HAD scores at week 16 to prove the superiority of intermittent aerobic exercise compared with continuous aerobic exercise. RESULTS: After 16 weeks, the CAT group had a significant increase in the total FSFI score, improvements in the FSFI domains of satisfaction and pain, and a reduction in the WHR. The CAT and IAT groups also had significantly lower levels of testosterone after 16 weeks. The IAT group had a significant increase in the total FSFI score and improvements in the desire, excitation, lubrication, orgasm, and satisfaction FSFI domains. The CAT and IAT groups both had significant reductions in anxiety and depression scores after 16 weeks. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Aerobic physical training protocols could be indicated to promote mental and sexual health in women with PCOS. STRENGTH & LIMITATIONS: This is one of the first studies to examine the effects of different physical training protocols on the sexual function of women with PCOS. The limitations of this study are that we did not consider diet or the frequency of sexual relations of participants with their partners. These factors could have interfered with the outcomes. CONCLUSION: The CAT and IAT protocols improved the sexual function and reduced the anxiety and depression of women with PCOS. Both protocols were similar to improve FSFI domain scores. Lopes IP, Ribeiro VB, Reis RM, et al. Comparison of the Effect of Intermittent and Continuous Aerobic Physical Training on Sexual Function of Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Randomized Controlled Trial. J Sex Med 2018;15:1609-1619.


Assuntos
Exercício , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/terapia , Comportamento Sexual , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação Pessoal , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(10): 606-613, Oct. 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-977778

RESUMO

Abstract Objective The aim of the present study was to analyze the expression of the CD63, S100A6, and GNB2L1genes, which participate in mechanisms related to the complex pathophysiology of endometriosis. Methods A case-control study was conducted with 40 women who were diagnosed with endometriosis, and 15 fertile and healthy women. Paired samples of eutopic endometrium and endometriotic lesions (peritoneal and ovarian endometriotic implants) were obtained from the women with endometriosis in the proliferative (n = 20) or secretory phases (n = 20) of the menstrual cycle. As controls, paired endometrial biopsy samples were collected from the healthy women in the proliferative (n = 15) and secretory (n = 15) phases of the samemenstrual cycle.We analyzed the expression levels of the CD63, S100A6, and GNB2L1 genes by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results An increase in CD63, S100A6, and GNB2L1 gene transcript levels was observed in the ectopic implants compared with the eutopic endometrium of the women with and without endometriosis, regardless of the phase of the menstrual cycle. Conclusion These findings suggest that the CD63, S100A6, and GNB2L1 genesmay be involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis, since they participate in mechanisms such as inhibition of apoptosis, angiogenesis and cell proliferation, which lead to the loss of cell homeostasis in the ectopic endometrium, thus contributing to the implantation and survival of the tissue in the extrauterine environment.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar a expressão dos genes CD63, S100A6 e GNB2L1, que participam em mecanismos relacionados à complexa fisiopatologia da endometriose. Métodos Um estudo caso-controle foi realizado com 40 mulheres diagnosticadas com endometriose e 15 mulheres férteis e saudáveis. Amostras pareadas de endométrio eutópico e de lesões endometrióticas (implantes endometrióticos peritoneais e ovarianos) foram obtidas de mulheres com endometriose nas fases proliferativa (n = 20) ou secretora (n = 20) do ciclo menstrual. Como controle, amostras pareadas de biópsia endometrial foram coletadas de mulheres saudáveis nas fases proliferativa (n = 15) e secretora (n = 15) nomesmo ciclomenstrual. Foram analisados os níveis de expressão dos genes CD63, S100A6 e GNB2L1 por reação em cadeia da polimerase em tempo real. Resultados Foi observado um aumento nos níveis de transcritos dos genes CD63, S100A6 e GNB2L1 em implantes ectópicos quando comparado ao endométrio eutópico de mulheres com e sem endometriose, independente da fase do ciclo menstrual. Conclusão Estes achados sugerem que os genes CD63, S100A6 e GNB2L1 podem estar envolvidos na patogênese da endometriose, pois participam de mecanismos como inibição de apoptose, angiogênese e proliferação celular, os quais levam à perda da homeostase celular no endométrio ectópico e, portanto, contribuem para o implante e a sobrevivência do tecido no ambiente extrauterino.

17.
Cell Tissue Res ; 372(3): 621-628, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29464366

RESUMO

Studies have demonstrated oxidative stress in peritoneal fluid (PF) from women with endometriosis and the importance of enzymatic antioxidant machinery to avoid oocyte oxidative damage. Considering that PF constantly surrounds the ovaries and has direct contact with the oocyte at ovulation, we wonder if PF from women with endometriosis may affect antioxidant enzyme gene expression. Thus, the present study aims to evaluate the PF impact from infertile women with minimal and mild endometriosis and from fertile control women without endometriosis on SOD1, CAT, GSR gene's expression in experimental bovine oocytes matured in vitro. Samples of PF were obtained from women who underwent videolaparoscopy-7 infertile with EI/II and 7 fertile without endometriosis. Immature bovine oocytes underwent in vitro maturation in the absence of PF and in the presence of three concentrations (1, 5 and 10%) of PF from fertile and from infertile women with EI/II. After 22 to 24 h of IVM, oocytes were denuded and stored for analysis of SOD1, CAT and GSR by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Oocyte SOD1 expression was significantly lower in the 10% endometriosis group (0.67 ± 0.32) when compared with no-peritoneal fluid (1.05 ± 0.24, p < 0.008) and 10% control groups (1.06 ± 0.22, p < 0.006). These findings raise the possibility of a deleterious influence of PF from women with EI/II on the oocyte, not only after ovulation but also during the maturation process, which could contribute to worsening oocyte quality, being one of the mechanisms related to infertility in patients with endometriosis.


Assuntos
Líquido Ascítico/metabolismo , Endometriose/patologia , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos , Oócitos/enzimologia , Superóxido Dismutase-1/metabolismo , Adulto , Animais , Catalase/metabolismo , Bovinos , Feminino , Glutationa Redutase/metabolismo , Humanos
18.
JBRA Assist Reprod ; 22(1): 2-7, 2018 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29327861

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical pregnancy rate of intrauterine insemination cycles in relation to patient age, cause of infertility, ovulation induction method, number of mature follicles and sperm with progressive motility. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included 237 intrauterine insemination cycles performed from 2011 to 2015 at the Assisted Reproduction Service of the Hospital das Clínicas of the Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo. Student's t-test was used to compare quantitative variables and the chi-square test was used to compare qualitative variables. RESULTS: Patient age was inversely and significantly correlated with pregnancy rates (p=0.001) (Pregnant women = 32.56±5.64 years, non-pregnant women = 36.64±5.03 years). Cause of infertility, ovulation induction method, number of mature follicles and sperm with progressive motility were not associated with pregnancy rates. The overall clinical pregnancy rate was 7.59%. In the subgroup of patients (n=102 cycles) considered ideal for intrauterine insemination (age ≤35 years, unexplained infertility, ovarian factor infertility or minimal endometriosis, and a partner with sperm count ≥2.5 × 106 retrieved on the day of insemination) the pregnancy rate was 12.74%. CONCLUSION: In the studied group, female patient age was the only variable significantly correlated with intrauterine insemination success rates.


Assuntos
Infertilidade/diagnóstico , Infertilidade/terapia , Inseminação Artificial/métodos , Ciclo Menstrual/fisiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade/etiologia , Masculino , Idade Materna , Indução da Ovulação/efeitos adversos , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Motilidade Espermática/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 39(12): 692-696, Dec. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1042310

RESUMO

Abstract Objective To evaluate the effects of nutritional counseling on the dietary habits and anthropometric parameters of overweight and obese adolescentswith polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods This was a prospective, longitudinal and auto-controlled study. Thirty adolescents aged 13-19 years-old, diagnosed with PCOS received nutritional counseling and were followed-up for 6 months. After the follow-up period, the results were evaluated through body weight, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). Results Sixty-percent of the adolescents adhered to the nutritional counseling and, of these, 50% lost weight. Adolescents who lost weight changed their dietary habits by adopting hypocaloric diets and eating more meals per day, as per nutritional counseling. The waist circumference (WC) decreased significantly, although the body weight decreased non-significantly after adoption of a hypocaloric diet. Conclusion Although there was no significant weight loss, there was a considerable reduction in theWCassociated with hypocaloric diets and with eating a greater number of meals per day.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os efeitos do aconselhamento nutricional sobre os hábitos alimentares e os parâmetros antropométricos de adolescentes com sobrepeso e obesidade e com síndrome do ovário policístico (SOP). Métodos Este foi um estudo prospectivo, longitudinal e autocontrolado. Trinta adolescentes com idades entre 13 e 19 anos e diagnosticadas com SOP receberam aconselhamento nutricional. Após 6 meses de acompanhamento, os resultados foram avaliados através do peso corporal, índice demassa corporal (IMC) e a circunferência da cintura (CC). Resultados Sessenta por cento das adolescentes aderiram ao aconselhamento nutricional e, destas, 50% perderam peso. Adolescentes que perderam peso mudaram seus hábitos alimentares adotando dietas hipocalóricas e comendo mais refeições por dia, seguindo orientação nutricional. A circunferência da cintura (CC) diminuiu significativamente, embora o peso corporal tenha diminuído de forma não significativa após a adoção de uma dieta hipocalórica. Conclusão Embora a perda de peso não tenha sido significativa, houve redução considerável da CC associada a dietas hipocalóricas e à ingestão de um maior número de refeições por dia.

20.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 39(10): 545-551, Nov. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-898832

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose To assess the clinical characteristics of subjects with gender dysphoria (GD). Method A cross-sectional study of adults with GD. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Sociodemographic data, clinical data and life habits were recorded. Results Total of 44 subjects participated in the study: 36 (82%) trans women and 8 (18%) trans men. Forty-three (98%) of the GD patients had anxiety (36 [100%] trans women and 7 [87.5%] trans men), and 36 (82%) had depression (29 [80.5%] trans women and 7 [87.5%] trans men). Suicide had been attempted by 32 (73%) subjects. The rates of depression were lower among the subjects living with partners, parents, or other people than among those living alone (p = 0.03), and it was also lower among the subjects who were married compared to those who were dating or single (p = 0.03). Conclusion Improving the relationship status may reduce the prevalence of depressive symptoms in GD patients. There was a high rate of attempted suicide in this sample.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar as características clínicas de indivíduos com disforia de gênero (DG). Método Estudo transversal com pessoas transexuais. Os sintomas de ansiedade e depressão foram medidos usando a Escala Hospitalar de Ansiedade e Depressão. Os dados sociodemográficos, os dados clínicos, e os hábitos de vida foram registrados por meio de um questionário. Resultados Um total de 44 indivíduos participou do estudo: 36 (82%)mulheres trans, e 8 (18%) homens trans. Quarenta e três (98%) destes apresentaram ansiedade, sendo 36 (100%) mulheres trans e 7 (87,5%) homens trans, e 36 (82%) apresentaram depressão, sendo 29 (80,5%) mulheres trans, e 7 (87,5%) homens trans. Um total de 32 (73%) indivíduos já haviam tentado suicídio. Os indivíduos que vivem comparceiros, pais ou outras pessoas tiveramuma menor taxa de depressão do que aqueles que vivem sozinhos (p = 0,03), e os indivíduos que eram casados tiveram uma menor taxa de depressão do que aqueles que estavam namorando ou solteiros (p = 0,03). Conclusão A melhoria do status de relacionamento pode reduzir a prevalência de sintomas depressivos empessoas transexuais. Encontrou-se uma alta taxa de tentativas de suicídio nessa amostra.

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