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1.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 143: 50-60, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479882

RESUMO

The huge amounts of biomass residues, remaining in the field after tomato fruits harvesting, can be utilized to produce bioenergy. A multiple level approach aimed to characterize two Solanum pennellii introgression lines (ILs), with contrasting phenotypes for plant architecture and biomass was carried out. The study of gene expression dynamics, microscopy cell traits and qualitative and quantitative cell wall chemical compounds variation enabled the discovery of key genes and cell processes involved biomass accumulation and composition. Enhanced biomass production observed in IL2-6 line is due to a more effective coordination of chloroplasts and mitochondria energy fluxes. Microscopy analysis revealed a higher number of cells and chloroplasts in leaf epidermis in the high biomass line whilst chemical measurements on the two lines pointed out striking differences in the cell wall composition and organization. Taken together, our findings shed light on the mechanisms underlying the tomato biomass production and processability.


Assuntos
Parede Celular/metabolismo , Lycopersicon esculentum/metabolismo , Biomassa , Parede Celular/fisiologia , Lycopersicon esculentum/fisiologia , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética
2.
BMC Plant Biol ; 17(1): 66, 2017 03 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28347287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The environment has a profound influence on the organoleptic quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit, the extent of which depends on a well-regulated and dynamic interplay among genes, metabolites and sensorial attributes. We used a systems biology approach to elucidate the complex interacting mechanisms regulating the plasticity of sensorial traits. To investigate environmentally challenged transcriptomic and metabolomic remodeling and evaluate the organoleptic consequences of such variations we grown three tomato varieties, Heinz 1706, whose genome was sequenced as reference and two "local" ones, San Marzano and Vesuviano in two different locations of Campania region (Italy). RESULTS: Responses to environment were more pronounced in the two "local" genotypes, rather than in the Heinz 1706. The overall genetic composition of each genotype, acting in trans, modulated the specific response to environment. Duplicated genes and transcription factors, establishing different number of network connections by gaining or losing links, play a dominant role in shaping organoleptic profile. The fundamental role of cell wall metabolism in tuning all the quality attributes, including the sensorial perception, was also highlighted. CONCLUSIONS: Although similar fruit-related quality processes are activated in the same environment, different tomato genotypes follow distinct transcriptomic, metabolomic and sensorial trajectories depending on their own genetic makeup.


Assuntos
Frutas/genética , Frutas/metabolismo , Lycopersicon esculentum/genética , Lycopersicon esculentum/metabolismo , Parede Celular/genética , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Frutas/fisiologia , Dosagem de Genes , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genoma de Planta , Genótipo , Itália , Metaboloma , Biologia de Sistemas/métodos , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
3.
BMC Plant Biol ; 16: 53, 2016 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26920134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-lycopersici (FORL) is one of the most destructive necrotrophic pathogens affecting tomato crops, causing considerable field and greenhouse yield losses. Despite such major economic impact, little is known about the molecular mechanisms regulating Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. radicis-lycopersici resistance in tomato. RESULTS: A transcriptomic experiment was carried out in order to investigate the main mechanisms of FORL response in resistant and susceptible isogenic tomato lines. Microarray analysis at 15 DPI (days post inoculum) revealed a distinct gene expression pattern between the two genotypes in the inoculated vs non-inoculated conditions. A model of plant response both for compatible and incompatible reactions was proposed. In particular, in the incompatible interaction an activation of defense genes related to secondary metabolite production and tryptophan metabolism was observed. Moreover, maintenance of the cell osmotic potential after the FORL challenging was mediated by a dehydration-induced protein. As for the compatible interaction, activation of an oxidative burst mediated by peroxidases and a cytochrome monooxygenase induced cell degeneration and necrosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our work allowed comprehensive understanding of the molecular basis of the tomato-FORL interaction. The result obtained emphasizes a different transcriptional reaction between the resistant and the susceptible genotype to the FORL challenge. Our findings could lead to the improvement in disease control strategies.


Assuntos
Fusarium/fisiologia , Lycopersicon esculentum/genética , Lycopersicon esculentum/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genoma de Planta , Doenças das Plantas/imunologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Transcriptoma
4.
PLoS One ; 9(5): e94963, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24804963

RESUMO

Since gene expression approaches constitute a starting point for investigating plant-pathogen systems, we performed a transcriptional analysis to identify a set of genes of interest in tomato plants infected with F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol) and Tomato Mosaic Virus (ToMV). Differentially expressed tomato genes upon inoculation with Fol and ToMV were identified at two days post-inoculation. A large overlap was found in differentially expressed genes throughout the two incompatible interactions. However, Gene Ontology enrichment analysis evidenced specific categories in both interactions. Response to ToMV seems more multifaceted, since more than 70 specific categories were enriched versus the 30 detected in Fol interaction. In particular, the virus stimulated the production of an invertase enzyme that is able to redirect the flux of carbohydrates, whereas Fol induced a homeostatic response to prevent the fungus from killing cells. Genomic mapping of transcripts suggested that specific genomic regions are involved in resistance response to pathogen. Coordinated machinery could play an important role in prompting the response, since 60% of pathogen receptor genes (NB-ARC-LRR, RLP, RLK) were differentially regulated during both interactions. Assessment of genomic gene expression patterns could help in building up models of mediated resistance responses.


Assuntos
Fusarium/patogenicidade , Lycopersicon esculentum/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Tobamovirus/patogenicidade , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
5.
BMC Genomics ; 15: 138, 2014 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24548308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Investigation of tomato genetic resources is a crucial issue for better straight evolution and genetic studies as well as tomato breeding strategies. Traditional Vesuviano and San Marzano varieties grown in Campania region (Southern Italy) are famous for their remarkable fruit quality. Owing to their economic and social importance is crucial to understand the genetic basis of their unique traits. RESULTS: Here, we present the draft genome sequences of tomato Vesuviano and San Marzano genome. A 40x genome coverage was obtained from a hybrid Illumina paired-end reads assembling that combines de novo assembly with iterative mapping to the reference S. lycopersicum genome (SL2.40). Insertions, deletions and SNP variants were carefully measured. When assessed on the basis of the reference annotation, 30% of protein-coding genes are predicted to have variants in both varieties. Copy genes number and gene location were assessed by mRNA transcripts mapping, showing a closer relationship of San Marzano with reference genome. Distinctive variations in key genes and transcription/regulation factors related to fruit quality have been revealed for both cultivars. CONCLUSIONS: The effort performed highlighted varieties relationships and important variants in fruit key processes useful to dissect the path from sequence variant to phenotype.


Assuntos
Genoma de Planta , Lycopersicon esculentum/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Frutas/metabolismo , Deleção de Genes , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie
6.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 74: 42-9, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24262994

RESUMO

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici (FORL) leading to fusarium crown and root rot is considered one of the most destructive tomato soilborne diseases occurring in greenhouse and field crops. In this study, response to FORL infection in tomato roots was investigated by differential proteomics in susceptible (Monalbo) and resistant (Momor) isogenic tomato lines, thus leading to identify 33 proteins whose amount changed depending on the pathogen infection, and/or on the two genotypes. FORL infection induced accumulation of pathogen-related proteins (PR proteins) displaying glucanase and endochitinases activity or involved in redox processes in the Monalbo genotype. Interestingly, the level of the above mentioned PR proteins was not influenced by FORL infection in the resistant tomato line, while other proteins involved in general response mechanisms to biotic and/or abiotic stresses showed significant quantitative differences. In particular, the increased level of proteins participating to arginine metabolism and glutathione S-transferase (GST; EC 2.5.1.18) as well as that of protein LOC544002 and phosphoprotein ECPP44-like, suggested their key role in pathogen defence.


Assuntos
Fusarium/patogenicidade , Lycopersicon esculentum/microbiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Proteômica , Genótipo , Lycopersicon esculentum/genética , Doenças das Plantas
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