Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 18 de 18
Filtrar
1.
Dermatol Online J ; 27(8)2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755968

RESUMO

Oral pigmented lesions can be physiological or pathological, exogenous or endogenous, as well as focal, multifocal, or diffuse. Among them, the oral melanotic macule (OMM) is a small, well-delimited brown-to-black macule, often affecting the lip and gingiva. Amalgam tattoo (AT) is a grey or black area of discoloration on the oral mucosa as a result of entry of dental amalgam into the soft tissues, commonly gingiva and alveolar ridge. Herein, we present a patient with gingival pigmentation with features of both OMM and AT in the same location.

2.
Auris Nasus Larynx ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274177

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: While unknown for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), some studies assessing cervical carcinoma have shown that human papillomavirus (HPV) co-infection can be associated with its prognosis. METHODS: Through in situ hybridization (HPV and Epstein-Barr virus [EBV] probes) and immunohistochemistry (p16INK4a, cyclin D1, p53, and Ki-67 antibodies), 126 OPSCC and 109 OSCC samples were assessed. RESULTS: All patients were EBV-negative. OPSCC (25%) showed a significant association with HPV compared to OSCC (11%). Almost all HPV-associated cases were p16INK4a-positive. Regarding OPSCC and OSCC, 23 and 7 cases were positive for high-risk HPV (HRHPV) only, 6 and 3 cases for low-risk HPV (LRHPV) only, and 3 and 2 cases for HRHPV/LRHPV, respectively. HPV-associated carcinomas showed a significantly higher proliferative index than HPV-unassociated carcinomas. Both carcinomas showed a similar overall survival rate, which was not affected by the HPV status. However, when comparing HPV-associated subgroups, patients with HRHPV/LRHPV-associated carcinomas showed worse survival. CONCLUSION: LRHPV-associated and HRHPV/LRHPV-associated cases can also be detected when assessing OSCC and OPSCC. Further studies, especially in populations with a high prevalence of HPV-associated OPSCC, are necessary to understand the clinicopathological behavior of these neoplasm subgroups.

3.
Autops Case Rep ; 11: e2020219, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34277487

RESUMO

Spindle cell squamous cell carcinoma (SpSCC) is a rare biphasic malignant neoplasm, uncommonly affecting the oral cavity. The SpSCC diagnosis is difficult, especially when it exhibits inconspicuous morphology, inadequate tissue sampling, or association with an exuberant inflammatory reaction. Post-radiotherapy recurrent SpSCC occurring at the same site of conventional SCC is a rare phenomenon. A 59-year-old man was complained of "painful injury on the tongue" with 20 days of duration. He reported smoking and alcohol consumption. Medical history revealed conventional SCC on the tongue treated with surgery and radiotherapy 10 years ago. Intraoral examination showed a polypoid lesion with ulcerated areas, measuring 3 cm in diameter, on the tongue and floor of the mouth, at the same site of previous conventional SCC. The microscopical analysis showed small foci of carcinomatous component admixed with an exuberant inflammatory reaction. Immunohistochemistry highlighted the sarcomatoid component. Both malignant components were positive for EMA, CD138, p40 (deltaNp63), p63, and p53. Moreover, CK AE1/AE3 evidenced the carcinomatous component, whereas vimentin stained the sarcomatoid component. The Ki-67 was >10%. The current case emphasizes the importance of immunohistochemistry in the differential diagnosis of SpSCC from mimics and documents a rare complication of Ionizing Radiation.

4.
Autops Case Rep ; 11: e2020220, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34277488

RESUMO

Scleroderma is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by excessive collagen production. The oral manifestations of the patient with scleroderma can include microstomia, xerostomia, and changes in the resorption teeth. We report the case of a 7-year-old female patient diagnosed with systemic scleroderma where photobiomodulation therapy was used to treat xerostomia associated with hyposalivation. She attended a pediatric clinic and presented with dry and rigid facial skin, trismus, xerostomia, malocclusion, and difficulty swallowing. Stimulated salivary flow was assessed before, during, and after treatment. Photobiomodulation therapy was conducted at four points at the sublingual glands with 660 nm, 100 mW, and 0.8 J/cm2 to each point; eight points at the parotid glands; and six points at the submandibular glands with 808 nm, 100 mW, and 0.8 J/cm2 for 8 seconds at each point. After this therapy, an increase in salivary flow, remission of the xerostomia, and an improvement in mastication and swallowing were observed. Photobiomodulation therapy was effective in controlling xerostomia in this pediatric patient, resulting in increased salivary flow and an improvement in her quality of life.

5.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 34: 102316, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis is a significant reaction to antineoplastic treatment characterized with pain, nutritional compromise, impact on the quality of life, interruption in cancer therapy and risk for infection. There is no effective standard protocol for the treatment of oral mucositis. This study aims to synthesize the scientific evidence available about the effects of photodynamic therapy on treatment of oral mucositis. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Science Direct, Scielo, Embase and Cochrane libraries were searched. Two independent and calibrated researchers (kappa = 0.92) performed all systematic steps according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). To access the risk of bias, RoB 2 and Delphi list criteria for clinical trials were used. Meta-analysis was conducted using the R software with "META" package. RESULTS: Clinical and randomized clinical trials were included with a total of five articles. Meta-analysis, level of evidence, and risk of bias assessment were performed showing that photodynamic therapy was effective in reducing healing time in association with low-power laser therapy when compared to low-power laser therapy alone (p = 0.0005). CONCLUSION: Photodynamic therapy presents promising results for the treatment of oral mucositis. It may be an effective therapeutic option, contributing to the healing of injured tissues especially in the time needed for repair.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Fotoquimioterapia , Estomatite , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Estomatite/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Eur J Clin Invest ; 51(6): e13559, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 associated with haematological manifestations (thrombolytic events). AIMS: Considering the high prevalence of the thrombotic scenarios associated with COVID-19, the aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the available literature, concerning the relation of COVID-19 and the thrombotic events, and identify prognostic factors for these events. MATERIALS & METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases were searched. Independent reviewers conducted all flow diagram steps. For qualitative analysis, Oxford level of evidence and Newcastle-Ottawa scale were used in the eligible articles. For the prognostic factors, a meta-analysis was conducted to age, number of neutrophils and platelets, and levels of ferritin, C-reactive protein, lactate dehydrogenase and D-dimer. Publication bias was accessed by funnel plot and by trim-and-fill test. Trim-and-fill test was also applied to evaluate meta-analysis bias. RESULTS: Twenty articles were included in the qualitative analysis, and 6 articles were included in the meta-analysis. Case-control studies showed bias related to exposure, and the main bias in cohort studies were related to selection and outcome. All articles received score 4 for the level of evidence. Hypertension and diabetes were the comorbidities more frequently associated with thrombolytic events. Significant results were found regarding D-dimer (P < .0001) and age (P = .0202) for thrombotic events in patients diagnosed with COVID-19. CONCLUSION: Patients older than 60 years, with hypertension, diabetes and D-Dimer values above 3.17 µg/mL, can be considered prognostic factors for developing thrombotic events due to COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Trombose/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , COVID-19/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Trombose Intracraniana/epidemiologia , Trombose Intracraniana/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Trombose/etiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/etiologia
7.
Immunobiology ; 226(3): 152072, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677150

RESUMO

Macrophages are phagocytic cells with essential participation in immunological events of the oral cavity. However, the role of these cells in oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions (OLL) remains unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate the density of macrophages in OLP and OLL, and to compare it with that of oral inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (OIFH) (control group). 14 cases of OLP, 14 cases of OLL and 14 cases of OIFH were selected for immunohistochemical analysis of CD68+ (M1) and CD163+ (M2) macrophage expression. CD68+ and CD163+ macrophages densities were measured in the intraepithelial and subepithelial areas. The statistical tests used were multivariate analysis of variance, as well as a correlation and linear regression. OLP has more CD68+ macrophages when comparing with OLL (p = 0.001) and OIFH (p = 0.045). There is a very strong relationship between the macrophages types (p < 0.0001) in OLP and OLL. The linear regression showed that to OLL development (p < 0.0001/R2' = 0.9584), the presence of different types of macrophages are more essential than to OLP (p < 0.0001/R2' = 0.8983). However, in the OLP these dependencies are also largely. CD68+ macrophages may be associated with immunopathogenesis of OLP, indicating a pro-inflammatory activity and regulatory role in the type of T-cell response. Besides, CD68+ macrophages can cooperate in the diagnosis of OLP. These results are essential to future studies that seek a therapeutic target for OLP and OLL.

8.
Arch Oral Biol ; 124: 105027, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was to evaluate the density of Langerhans cells in oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions (OLL). DESIGN: 14 cases of OLP, 15 cases of OLL and 14 cases of oral inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (OIFH), were selected for immunohistochemical analysis of CD1a, CD207 and S100 expression. The OIFH group was subdivided according to the presence (OIFHL n = 14) or absence (OIFHNL n = 14) of lichenoid inflammatory infiltrate. Positive cells were counted in intraepithelial and subepithelial areas. Results were analyzed by multivariate comparative analysis, correlation analysis, linear regression models and Student's T-test. RESULTS: A significantly higher amount of CD207+ cells in OLL vs OLP was observed (p = 0.015). The prevailing reticular pattern observed was CD207high for OLP (p = 0.0329). A statistically significant difference in the expression of CD1a and CD207 was observed for intraepithelial vs subepithelial areas (p = 0.024 and p=0.015, for CD1a and CD207, respectively). Significant correlations were also observed between the expression of CD1a + and CD207+ cells in the pathogenesis of OLP and OLL. CONCLUSION: High levels of CD207+cells in OLP compared with OLL may help explain the differences in the immunopathogenesis of both diseases. Additionally, CD1a + and CD207+ cells appear to be more essential to immunopathogenesis of OLL than to the pathogenesis of OLP.


Assuntos
Líquen Plano Bucal , Erupções Liquenoides , Humanos , Células de Langerhans
9.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020220, 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142413

RESUMO

Scleroderma is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by excessive collagen production. The oral manifestations of the patient with scleroderma can include microstomia, xerostomia, and changes in the resorption teeth. We report the case of a 7-year-old female patient diagnosed with systemic scleroderma where photobiomodulation therapy was used to treat xerostomia associated with hyposalivation. She attended a pediatric clinic and presented with dry and rigid facial skin, trismus, xerostomia, malocclusion, and difficulty swallowing. Stimulated salivary flow was assessed before, during, and after treatment. Photobiomodulation therapy was conducted at four points at the sublingual glands with 660 nm, 100 mW, and 0.8 J/cm2 to each point; eight points at the parotid glands; and six points at the submandibular glands with 808 nm, 100 mW, and 0.8 J/cm2 for 8 seconds at each point. After this therapy, an increase in salivary flow, remission of the xerostomia, and an improvement in mastication and swallowing were observed. Photobiomodulation therapy was effective in controlling xerostomia in this pediatric patient, resulting in increased salivary flow and an improvement in her quality of life.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Xerostomia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade
10.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020219, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142398

RESUMO

Spindle cell squamous cell carcinoma (SpSCC) is a rare biphasic malignant neoplasm, uncommonly affecting the oral cavity. The SpSCC diagnosis is difficult, especially when it exhibits inconspicuous morphology, inadequate tissue sampling, or association with an exuberant inflammatory reaction. Post-radiotherapy recurrent SpSCC occurring at the same site of conventional SCC is a rare phenomenon. A 59-year-old man was complained of "painful injury on the tongue" with 20 days of duration. He reported smoking and alcohol consumption. Medical history revealed conventional SCC on the tongue treated with surgery and radiotherapy 10 years ago. Intraoral examination showed a polypoid lesion with ulcerated areas, measuring 3 cm in diameter, on the tongue and floor of the mouth, at the same site of previous conventional SCC. The microscopical analysis showed small foci of carcinomatous component admixed with an exuberant inflammatory reaction. Immunohistochemistry highlighted the sarcomatoid component. Both malignant components were positive for EMA, CD138, p40 (deltaNp63), p63, and p53. Moreover, CK AE1/AE3 evidenced the carcinomatous component, whereas vimentin stained the sarcomatoid component. The Ki-67 was >10%. The current case emphasizes the importance of immunohistochemistry in the differential diagnosis of SpSCC from mimics and documents a rare complication of Ionizing Radiation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imuno-Histoquímica , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Radioterapia , Diagnóstico Diferencial
11.
Oral Oncol ; 109: 104857, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590299

RESUMO

Besides the Waldeyer's ring, other lymphoid aggregates can also be detected in the soft palate, floor of the mouth and ventral tongue. The lingual tonsil is located at the base of the tongue and related to circumvallate papillae, whereas subepithelial lymphoid tissue at the posterior lateral portion of the tongue and related to foliate papillae constitutes the lateral lingual tonsil. Unilateral tonsillar enlargement is critical, because it can suggest malignancy, notably non-Hodgkin lymphoma or squamous cell carcinoma. Herein, we report an unusual presentation of unilateral enlargement of the lateral lingual tonsil, diagnosed as follicular lymphoid hyperplasia.

12.
Eur J Clin Invest ; 50(4): e13214, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Odontogenic myxoma (OM) is a rare neoplasm, which originates from odontogenic ectomesenchyme. There is no study in the literature that analyses the best standards for OM diagnosis and how the treatment modalities may influence the recurrence rates. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the best standards for odontogenic myxoma (OM) diagnosis and treatment, and how these may influence the recurrence rates. STUDY DESIGN: Two independent researchers performed a systematic review in many databases. Fifty-two eligible studies were included for qualitative analysis. Bias analysis was conducted according to Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. RESULTS: A total of 1363 OM cases were reported on, and female gender with average age of 27 years is the most common patient profile. Conventional microscopic findings were observed in 93.43% of the reported cases. In 57.49% of the cases, multilocular radiographic appearance was present, followed by unilocular appearance (32.87%). Posterior mandible was the site with the major prevalence, while surgical resection was the most common treatment modality, followed by enucleation. Recurrence rates for both treatment modalities were approximately close (13.04% and 25.0%, respectively). CONCLUSION: The correct diagnosis of OM relies on the association of clinical, radiographic and microscopic findings. About imaging examinations, panoramic radiography and computed tomography are sufficient for the evaluation of OM. Recurrence rates were closely among the two most used surgery treatments. So according to some clinical-radiological aspects, conservative surgery may be preferred than aggressive surgery modalities.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Maxilomandibulares/diagnóstico , Mixoma/diagnóstico , Tumores Odontogênicos/diagnóstico , Viés , Humanos , Neoplasias Maxilomandibulares/patologia , Neoplasias Maxilomandibulares/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Mixoma/patologia , Mixoma/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tumores Odontogênicos/patologia , Tumores Odontogênicos/cirurgia , Radiografia Panorâmica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
13.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 24(6): e698-e703, nov. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: the purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review regarding clinical and histopathological characteristics, immunopathological findings, and treatment for chronic ulcerative stomatitis (CUS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: articles in English, published from January 1962 up to November 2017, assessing clinical and immunological features, treatment, and follow-up of patientes with CUS, were retrieved from three databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library and SCOPUS). A manual literature search was also conducted. A total of 12 studies met inclusion criteria, therefore, were analyzed in this review. RESULTS: CUS shares similiar clinical and microscopic features to those found in oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions (OLL). Hence, direct immunofluorescence (DIF) is indispensable to define a final diagnosis. Due to the poor sample availability in the current literature, it is not possible to accurately confirm the prevalence and features of CUS. CONCLUSION: in order to better evaluate this condition's findings, further studies with a greater amount of similar immune-mediated diseases should be performed


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Gengivite Ulcerativa Necrosante , Líquen Plano Bucal , Doença Crônica
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(14)2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340425

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature followed by a meta-analysis about the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) on the microorganisms responsible for dental caries. The research question and the keywords were constructed according to the PICO strategy. The article search was done in Embase, Lilacs, Scielo, Medline, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Science Direct, and Pubmed databases. Randomized clinical trials and in vitro studies were selected in the review. The study was conducted according the PRISMA guideline for systematic review. A total of 34 articles were included in the qualitative analysis and four articles were divided into two subgroups to perform the meta-analysis. Few studies have achieved an effective microbial reduction in microorganisms associated with the pathogenesis of dental caries. The results highlight that there is no consensus about the study protocols for PDT against cariogenic microorganisms, although the results showed the PDT could be a good alternative for the treatment of dental caries.


Assuntos
Infecções por Bacteroidaceae/tratamento farmacológico , Candidíase/tratamento farmacológico , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Bacteroidaceae/microbiologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Candida/patogenicidade , Candidíase/microbiologia , Curcumina/farmacologia , Cárie Dentária/microbiologia , Humanos , Azul de Metileno/farmacologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Porphyromonas gingivalis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Porphyromonas gingivalis/patogenicidade , Corantes de Rosanilina/farmacologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/microbiologia , Streptococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Streptococcus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Streptococcus/patogenicidade , Cloreto de Tolônio/farmacologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Head Neck Pathol ; 12(1): 145-149, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28766110

RESUMO

Multiple salivary gland tumors (MSGTs) are most common in the major than minor salivary glands. The most MSGTs are synchronous, either benign or malignant. A 61-year-old woman was referred presenting nine submucosal nodules, firm to fluctuant, being five nodules on the right side and four nodules on the left side of the upper lip. An incisional biopsy was performed. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed in 5-µm sections for histopathologic analysis. Immunohistochemical reactions were carried out in 3-µm sections in accordance with manufacturer's instructions. The histopathological analysis showed focal area containing low-grade polymorphous adenocarcinoma (PAC) and multiple canalicular adenomas (CAs). Immunohistochemical analysis for each lesion was carefully investigated. Here, we present an unusual case of synchronous PAC and multiple CAs of the minor salivary glands, affecting the upper lip, which appears to be the first case showing PAC and CA.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenoma/patologia , Neoplasias Labiais/patologia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glândulas Salivares Menores/patologia
17.
Case Rep Pathol ; 2016: 1908767, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28053797

RESUMO

Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH) is a benign lesion of the skin and mucosa of vascular origin characterized by reactive proliferation of endothelial cells. A 76-year-old woman was referred presenting a painless nodule on the lip. Intraoral examination revealed bluish submucosal nodular proliferation, measuring 10 × 5 × 5 mm, affecting the lower labial mucosa. The lesion had a firm consistency and it was not fixed to the adjacent tissues. The main differential diagnoses were mucocele/mucus retention cyst, sialolith, or salivary gland neoplasia. An incisional biopsy was performed and during the intraoperative procedure an encapsulated red-bluish nodular mass was observed. Microscopic analysis revealed papillary endothelial proliferation in the center of the lesion and fibrin admixed with inflammatory cells in organization peripherally. There was no nuclear atypia, mitotic figures, or necrosis. The endothelial cells were CD34 positive, with low Ki-67 proliferation index (4%). α-SMA highlighted the vessel walls, whereas negativity for D2-40 excluded lymphatic origin. Final diagnosis was IPEH associated with an organizing thrombus. Dentists should be aware about this rare benign vascular lesion, whose final diagnosis is achieved only after histopathology analysis. Surgical removal is the treatment of choice and no recurrence is expected.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...