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1.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO1900456, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513482

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Off-label use of vemurafenib (VMF) to treat BRAFV600E mutation-positive, refractory, childhood Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) was evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-four patients from 12 countries took VMF 20 mg/kg/d. They were classified according to risk organ involvement: liver, spleen, and/or blood cytopenia. The main evaluation criteria were adverse events (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [version 4.3]) and therapeutic responses according to Disease Activity Score. RESULTS: LCH extent was distributed as follows: 44 with positive and 10 with negative risk organ involvement. Median age at diagnosis was 0.9 years (range, 0.1 to 6.5 years). Median age at VMF initiation was 1.8 years (range, 0.18 to 14 years), with a median follow-up of 22 months (range, 4.3 to 57 months), whereas median treatment duration was 13.9 months (for 855 patient-months). At 8 weeks, 38 complete responses and 16 partial responses had been achieved, with the median Disease Activity Score decreasing from 7 at diagnosis to 0 (P < .001). Skin rash, the most frequent adverse event, affected 74% of patients. No secondary skin cancer was observed. Therapeutic plasma VMF concentrations (range, 10 to 20 mg/L) seemed to be safe and effective. VMF discontinuation for 30 patients led to 24 LCH reactivations. The blood BRAFV600E allele load, assessed as circulating cell-free DNA, decreased after starting VMF but remained positive (median, 3.6% at diagnosis, and 1.6% during VMF treatment; P < .001) and was associated with a higher risk of reactivation at VMF discontinuation. None of the various empirical therapies (hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation, cladribine and cytarabine, anti-MEK agent, vinblastine, etc) used for maintenance could eradicate the BRAFV600E clone. CONCLUSION: VMF seemed safe and effective in children with refractory BRAFV600E-positive LCH. Additional studies are needed to find effective maintenance therapy approaches.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Type I IFNs play a well-known role in the pathogenesis of SLE, through activation of CD4 T and antigen-presenting cells. Here, we investigated the effects of IFN alpha (IFNα) on SLE B cell activation and differentiation. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and purified total or naïve B cells were obtained from healthy controls and SLE patients. The effects of IFNα on B cell differentiation were studied by flow cytometry. The role of STAT3 in B cell responses to IFNα was studied using pharmacological inhibitors and PBMCs from STAT3-deficient individuals. RESULTS: Incubation of normal PBMCs with IFNα induces a B cell differentiation pattern as observed spontaneously in SLE PBMCs. IFNα displays direct stimulatory effects on purified naïve B cells from healthy individuals, as evidenced by a significant induction of cell surface CD38 and CD95 in the presence of the cytokine. In purified naïve B cells, IFNα also induces STAT3 phosphorylation. IFNα-induced naïve B cell differentiation in total PBMCs is significantly inhibited in the presence of STAT3 inhibitors, or in PBMCs from individuals with STAT3 loss of function mutations. Spontaneous levels of STAT3, but not STAT1, phosphorylation are significantly higher in total B cells from SLE patients compared with controls. Pharmacological STAT3 inhibition in SLE PBMCs inhibits naïve B cell activation and differentiation. CONCLUSION: IFNα displays direct stimulatory effects on B cell differentiation and activation in SLE. STAT3 phosphorylation mediates the effects of IFNα stimulation in naïve B cells, an observation that opens new therapeutic perspectives in SLE.

3.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(25): 2246-2256, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283407

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is characterized by KMT2A (MLL) gene rearrangements and coexpression of myeloid markers. The Interfant-06 study, comprising 18 national and international study groups, tested whether myeloid-style consolidation chemotherapy is superior to lymphoid style, the role of stem-cell transplantation (SCT), and which factors had independent prognostic value. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three risk groups were defined: low risk (LR): KMT2A germline; high risk (HR): KMT2A-rearranged and older than 6 months with WBC count 300 × 109/L or more or a poor prednisone response; and medium risk (MR): all other KMT2A-rearranged cases. Patients in the MR and HR groups were randomly assigned to receive the lymphoid course low-dose cytosine arabinoside [araC], 6-mercaptopurine, cyclophosphamide (IB) or experimental myeloid courses, namely araC, daunorubicin, etoposide (ADE) and mitoxantrone, araC, etoposide (MAE). RESULTS: A total of 651 infants were included, with 6-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival of 46.1% (SE, 2.1) and 58.2% (SE, 2.0). In West European/North American groups, 6-year EFS and overall survival were 49.4% (SE, 2.5) and 62.1% (SE, 2.4), which were 10% to 12% higher than in other countries. The 6-year probability of disease-free survival was comparable for the randomized arms (ADE+MAE 39.3% [SE 4.0; n = 169] v IB 36.8% [SE, 3.9; n = 161]; log-rank P = .47). The 6-year EFS rate of patients in the HR group was 20.9% (SE, 3.4) with the intention to undergo SCT; only 46% of them received SCT, because many had early events. KMT2A rearrangement was the strongest prognostic factor for EFS, followed by age, WBC count, and prednisone response. CONCLUSION: Early intensification with postinduction myeloid-type chemotherapy courses did not significantly improve outcome for infant ALL compared with the lymphoid-type course IB. Outcome for infant ALL in Interfant-06 did not improve compared with that in Interfant-99.

4.
Br J Haematol ; 186(5): 741-753, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124581

RESUMO

Outcomes in childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) are steadily improving due to intensive therapy. Between 1989 and 2008, 599 children with newly diagnosed T-ALL were enrolled in two successive European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer - Children's Leukaemia Group trials (58881 and 58951), both based on the Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster protocol and without cranial irradiation. In the latter trial induction chemotherapy was intensified. The most important randomizations were Medac Escherichia coli asparaginase versus Erwinia asparaginase in trial 58881, and dexamethasone (6 mg/m2 /day) versus prednisolone (60 mg/m2 /day) and prolonged versus conventional asparaginase duration in trial 58951. 8-year event-free survival (EFS) increased from 65·1% to 74·0% in trial 58951. Improvement was most profound for patients with white blood cell (WBC) counts <100 × 109 /l and "good responders" to prephase. Medac E. coli asparaginase was associated with longer EFS [hazard ratio (HR) 0·54, P = 0·0015] and overall survival (HR 0·51, P = 0·0018). Induction therapy with dexamethasone did not improve EFS compared to prednisolone. Remarkably, intensification of central nervous system (CNS)-directed therapy in trial 58951 resulted in fewer bone marrow relapses, while the incidence of CNS relapses remained low. In summary, we showed that adequate asparaginase therapy, intensified induction treatment and intensification of CNS-directed chemotherapy can result in an improvement of outcome in T-ALL patients with good prephase response and initial WBC counts <100 × 109 /l, representing approximately 50% of T-ALL patients.

6.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(4): 1241-1250, 2019 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30626647

RESUMO

Neutropenia represents an important problem in patients with genetic deficiency in either the glucose-6-phosphate transporter of the endoplasmic reticulum (G6PT/SLC37A4) or G6PC3, an endoplasmic reticulum phosphatase homologous to glucose-6-phosphatase. While affected granulocytes show reduced glucose utilization, the underlying mechanism is unknown and causal therapies are lacking. Using a combination of enzymological, cell-culture, and in vivo approaches, we demonstrate that G6PT and G6PC3 collaborate to destroy 1,5-anhydroglucitol-6-phosphate (1,5AG6P), a close structural analog of glucose-6-phosphate and an inhibitor of low-K M hexokinases, which catalyze the first step in glycolysis in most tissues. We show that 1,5AG6P is made by phosphorylation of 1,5-anhydroglucitol, a compound normally present in human plasma, by side activities of ADP-glucokinase and low-K M hexokinases. Granulocytes from patients deficient in G6PC3 or G6PT accumulate 1,5AG6P to concentrations (∼3 mM) that strongly inhibit hexokinase activity. In a model of G6PC3-deficient mouse neutrophils, physiological concentrations of 1,5-anhydroglucitol caused massive accumulation of 1,5AG6P, a decrease in glucose utilization, and cell death. Treating G6PC3-deficient mice with an inhibitor of the kidney glucose transporter SGLT2 to lower their blood level of 1,5-anhydroglucitol restored a normal neutrophil count, while administration of 1,5-anhydroglucitol had the opposite effect. In conclusion, we show that the neutropenia in patients with G6PC3 or G6PT mutations is a metabolite-repair deficiency, caused by a failure to eliminate the nonclassical metabolite 1,5AG6P.


Assuntos
Antiporters/metabolismo , Glucose-6-Fosfatase/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte de Monossacarídeos/metabolismo , Neutropenia/metabolismo , Fosforilação/fisiologia , Animais , Morte Celular/fisiologia , Linhagem Celular , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar
7.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 65(7): e27022, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29512872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydroxyurea (HU) reduces the severity of sickle cell disease (SCD) in children; nevertheless, its long-term safety is an important concern. This paper evaluates HU genotoxicity at dose ≤ 30 mg/kg/day after over 2 years of treatment. PROCEDURE: The study included 76 children: 32 SCD patients treated with HU, 27 SCD patients not treated with HU, and 17 unaffected children. HU patients were classified as good or poor responders according to their clinical response. Comet assay allows the comparison of DNA damage between both groups of patients and unaffected children. Maximal concentration (Cmax ) of HU in plasma was determined after drug administration. RESULTS: Mean values of DNA in the comet tail were 5.13 ± 6.84 for unaffected children, 5.80 ± 7.78 for patients with SCD treated with HU, and 5.61 ± 6.91 for patients with SCD not treated with HU. Significant differences were observed between unaffected children and children with SCD. No difference was evident between comets from SCD patients treated and not treated with HU. In the case of HU, mean DNA in the comet tail was significantly lower in good responders than in poor responders: 5.54 ± 7.77 and 6.69 ± 8.43, respectively. Mean Cmax value on plasma was 39.08 ± 15.65 mg/l; N = 31. CONCLUSIONS: SCD increases, slightly but significantly, DNA damage in lymphocytes from patients with SCD. Patients with SCD treated with HU do not present more nucleoid damage than patients with SCD not treated with HU. Good responders to the HU treatment have significantly less nucleoid damage than poor responders. HU treatment at ≤30 mg/kg/day does not expose patients to a genotoxic plasma concentration.

8.
Transfusion ; 58(6): 1356-1362, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29574950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic transfusion in sickle cell disease (SCD) remains the gold standard therapy for stroke prevention and for patients with severe disease despite adequate hydroxyurea treatment. The aim of our study was to assess the safety and efficacy of automated red blood cell exchange (aRBX) in patients with SCD previously treated with manual exchange transfusion (MET). Costs related to transfusion and chelation overtime were evaluated. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Beginning in January 2012, children with SCD who weighed 30 kg or more on MET could switch to aRBX. Clinical, biological, and procedures' data, including costs, were recorded for the last 6 months on MET and compared to those after the first and the second year on aRBX. RESULTS: Ten patients switched from MET to aRBX at a median age of 11.8 years. After the switch, median hemoglobin S (HbS) increased significantly (33.5% on MET compared to 45% on aRBX; p < 0.001) but remained in the target values for all patients. Median ferritin decreased significantly (663.3 µg/L on MET compared to 126.8 µg/L on aRBX; p < 0.001) and intervals between procedures were significantly longer. The requirements of red blood cells (RBCs)/kg/year were not different on MET (0.88 unit/kg/year) than during the second year on aRBX (1.07 unit/kg/year; p = NS). MET costs were similar compared to aRBX since chelation was stopped in previously treated patients. CONCLUSION: Erythrocytapheresis reduces iron overload and allows a longer interval between procedures without a higher RBC requirement from the second year on aRBX. The cost did not increase as estimated in our Belgian Health Care System.

9.
Oncotarget ; 9(3): 3779-3793, 2018 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29423082

RESUMO

The Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway is implicated in the repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICL). In this process, it has been shown that FA factors regulate the choice for DNA double strand break repair towards homologous recombination (HR). As this mechanism is impaired in FA deficient cells exposed to crosslinking agents, an inappropriate usage of non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) leads to the accumulation of toxic chromosomal abnormalities. We studied a family with two FANCG patients and found a genetically inherited attenuation of mitomycin C sensitivity resulting in-vitro in an attenuated phenotype for one patient or in increased resistance for two healthy relatives. A heterozygous mutation in ATM was identified in these 3 subjects but was not directly linked to the observed phenotype. However, the attenuation of ICL sensitivity was associated with a reduced recruitment of 53BP1 during the course of ICL repair, and increased HR levels. These results further demonstrate the importance of favoring HR over NHEJ for the survival of cells challenged with ICLs.

10.
J Med Screen ; 25(2): 57-63, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28686106

RESUMO

Objectives To compare the outcomes of sickle cell disease patients diagnosed through neonatal screening with those who were not. Methods In an observational multicenter study in Belgium, 167 screened and 93 unscreened sickle cell disease patients were analyzed for a total of 1116 and 958 patient-years of follow-up, respectively. Both groups were compared with propensity score analysis, with patients matched on three covariates (gender, genotype, and central Africa origin). Bonferroni correction was applied for all comparisons. Results Kaplan-Meier estimates of survival without bacteremia were significantly higher in the screened group than the unscreened group (94.47%; [95% CI, 88.64-97.36%] versus 83.78% [95% CI, 72.27-90.42%]), p = 0.032. Non-significant differences between both groups were reported for survival without acute chest syndrome, acute anemia, cerebral complication, severe infection, and vaso-occlusive crisis. Significantly lower hospitalization rate and days per 100 patient-years were observed in the screened compared with the unscreened group (0.27 vs. 0.63 and 1.25 vs. 2.82, p = 0.0006 and <0.0001). Conclusion These data confirm the benefit of a neonatal screening programme in reducing bacteremia and hospitalization.

11.
Haematologica ; 102(10): 1727-1738, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28751566

RESUMO

Asparaginase is an essential component of combination chemotherapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The value of asparaginase was further addressed in a group of non-very high-risk patients by comparing prolonged (long-asparaginase) versus standard (short-asparaginase) native E. coli asparaginase treatment in a randomized part of the phase III 58951 trial of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Children's Leukemia Group. The main endpoint was disease-free survival. Overall, 1,552 patients were randomly assigned to long-asparaginase (775 patients) or short-asparaginase (777 patients). Patients with grade ≥2 allergy to native E. coli asparaginase were switched to equivalent doses of Erwinia or pegylated E. coli asparaginase. The 8-year disease-free survival rate (±standard error) was 87.0±1.3% in the long-asparaginase group and 84.4±1.4% in the short-asparaginase group (hazard ratio: 0.87; P=0.33) and the 8-year overall survival rate was 92.6±1.0% and 91.3±1.2% respectively (hazard ratio: 0.89; P=0.53). An exploratory analysis suggested that the impact of long-asparaginase was beneficial in the National Cancer Institute standard-risk group with regards to disease-free survival (hazard ratio: 0.70; P=0.057), but far less so with regards to overall survival (hazard ratio: 0.89). The incidences of grade 3-4 infection during consolidation (25.2% versus 14.4%) and late intensification (22.6% versus 15.9%) and the incidence of grade 2-4 allergy were higher in the long-asparaginase arm (30% versus 21%). Prolonged native E. coli asparaginase therapy in consolidation and late intensification for our non-very high-risk patients did not improve overall outcome but led to an increase in infections and allergy. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00003728.


Assuntos
Asparaginase/uso terapêutico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Asparaginase/administração & dosagem , Asparaginase/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/administração & dosagem , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/efeitos adversos , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Lactente , Linfoma não Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/mortalidade , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 64(2): 294-301, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27605400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Asparaginase (Asp) and corticosteroid (CS) treatment in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is associated with an increased risk of thrombotic events. OBJECTIVE: Characterization of global haemostatic phenotypes of patients with ALL during Asp therapy. PROCEDURE: Thrombin generation (TG) was monitored in platelet-poor plasma of 56 children treated for a B lineage ALL (36 with native, 20 with PEG Asp) using 1 pM tissue factor and 4 µM phospholipids, with and without thrombomodulin. Protein C activity (PC), free protein S (PS), antithrombin (AT) and fibrinogen levels were also measured. RESULTS: Elevated endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) and peak of TG were noted at diagnosis, throughout the Induction phase and Late Intensification but was significantly less for PEG than for native Asp (P < 0.001), while age, sex, type of corticosteroid during Induction and molecular response had no significant effect. The reduction of ETP after addition of thrombomodulin was significantly lower in ALL children compared with that in controls, suggesting impairment in PS/PC pathway. Three patients experienced thrombosis: two treated with native and one with PEG Asp. The two patients with native Asp had, at the time of thrombosis, a prothrombotic profile. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with Asp, in combination with CS, enhances TG in children with ALL, more significantly with native than PEG Asp, which is present early at diagnosis, persists during Induction and reappears during Late Intensification. This is consistent with the high incidence of thrombotic events described during these phases of therapy. The less pronounced effect of PEG Asp remains to be elucidated.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Asparaginase/efeitos adversos , Polietilenoglicóis/efeitos adversos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Trombina/metabolismo , Trombose/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hemostasia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Trombose/induzido quimicamente , Trombose/metabolismo
13.
Blood ; 129(11): 1548-1556, 2017 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27965196

RESUMO

Despite advances in supportive therapy to prevent complications of sickle cell disease (SCD), access to care is not universal. Hematopoietic cell transplantation is, to date, the only curative therapy for SCD, but its application is limited by availability of a suitable HLA-matched donor and lack of awareness of the benefits of transplant. Included in this study are 1000 recipients of HLA-identical sibling transplants performed between 1986 and 2013 and reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Eurocord, and the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research. The primary endpoint was event-free survival, defined as being alive without graft failure; risk factors were studied using a Cox regression models. The median age at transplantation was 9 years, and the median follow-up was longer than 5 years. Most patients received a myeloablative conditioning regimen (n = 873; 87%); the remainder received reduced-intensity conditioning regimens (n = 125; 13%). Bone marrow was the predominant stem cell source (n = 839; 84%); peripheral blood and cord blood progenitors were used in 73 (7%) and 88 (9%) patients, respectively. The 5-year event-free survival and overall survival were 91.4% (95% confidence interval, 89.6%-93.3%) and 92.9% (95% confidence interval, 91.1%-94.6%), respectively. Event-free survival was lower with increasing age at transplantation (hazard ratio [HR], 1.09; P < .001) and higher for transplantations performed after 2006 (HR, 0.95; P = .013). Twenty-three patients experienced graft failure, and 70 patients (7%) died, with the most common cause of death being infection. The excellent outcome of a cohort transplanted over the course of 3 decades confirms the role of HLA-identical sibling transplantation for children and adults with SCD.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Adolescente , Anemia Falciforme/epidemiologia , Anemia Falciforme/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Antígenos HLA , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Irmãos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taxa de Sobrevida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Oncotarget ; 7(45): 73769-73780, 2016 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27650541

RESUMO

Overwhelming evidence indicates that long non-coding RNAs have essential roles in tumorigenesis. Nevertheless, their role in the molecular pathogenesis of pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia has not been extensively explored. Here, we conducted a comprehensive analysis of the long non-coding RNA transcriptome in ETV6/RUNX1-positive BCP-ALL, one of the most frequent subtypes of pediatric leukemia. First, we used primary leukemia patient samples to identify an ETV6/RUNX1 specific expression signature consisting of 596 lncRNA transcripts. Next, integration of this lncRNA signature with RNA sequencing of BCP-ALL cell lines and lncRNA profiling of an in vitro model system of ETV6/RUNX1 knockdown, revealed that lnc-NKX2-3-1, lnc-TIMM21-5, lnc-ASTN1-1 and lnc-RTN4R-1 are truly regulated by the oncogenic fusion protein. Moreover, sustained inactivation of lnc-RTN4R-1 and lnc-NKX2-3-1 in ETV6/RUNX1 positive cells caused profound changes in gene expression. All together, our study defined a unique lncRNA expression signature associated with ETV6/RUNX1-positive BCP-ALL and identified lnc-RTN4R-1 and lnc-NKX2-3-1 as lncRNAs that might be functionally implicated in the biology of this prevalent subtype of human leukemia.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transcriptoma , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Criança , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Expressão Gênica , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/patologia , Interferência de RNA , Análise de Sequência de RNA
15.
J Clin Oncol ; 34(25): 3023-30, 2016 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27382093

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an inflammatory myeloid neoplasia with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations and outcomes in children. The somatic BRAF(V600E) mutation occurs frequently, but clinical significance remains to be determined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: BRAF(V600E) mutation was investigated in a French LCH cohort. We analyzed associations between mutation status and clinical presentation, extent of disease, reactivation rate, response to therapy, and long-term permanent sequelae. RESULTS: Among 315 patients with successfully determined BRAF status, 173 (54.6%) carried a BRAF(V600E) mutation. Patients with BRAF(V600E) manifested more severe disease than did those with wild-type BRAF. Patients with BRAF(V600E) comprised 87.8% of patients (43 of 49) with multisystem LCH with risk organ involvement (liver, spleen, hematology), 68.6% of patients (35 of 51) with multisystem LCH without risk organ involvement, 43.9% of patients (86 of 196) with single-system LCH, and 42.1% of patients (8 of 19) with lung-involved LCH (P < .001). BRAF(V600E) mutation was also associated with organ involvement that could lead to permanent, irreversible damage, such as neurologic (75%) and pituitary (72.9%) injuries. Compared with patients with wild-type BRAF, patients with BRAF(V600E) more commonly displayed resistance to combined vinblastine and corticosteroid therapy (21.9% v 3.3%; P = .001), showed a higher reactivation rate (5-year reactivation rate, 42.8% v 28.1%; P = .006), and had more permanent, long-term consequences from disease or treatment (27.9% v 12.6%; P = .001). CONCLUSION: In children with LCH, BRAF(V600E) mutation was associated with high-risk features, permanent injury, and poor short-term response to chemotherapy. Further population-based studies should be undertaken to confirm our observations and to assess the impact of BRAF inhibitors for this subgroup of patients who may benefit from targeted therapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/tratamento farmacológico , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/enzimologia , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/antagonistas & inibidores , Sistema de Registros , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem
16.
Am J Clin Pathol ; 145(6): 862-70, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27298397

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we compared the performances of adapted hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH)-2004 guidelines with those of the new diagnostic H-score to identify patients with HLH in a multicenter cohort consisting of adult and pediatric cases of suspected HLH. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 147 cases, including 20 adults and 16 children with HLH. Two sets of biological data were evaluated: at presentation and the maximal values reached during the episode. RESULTS: At presentation, for both children and adults, the H-score was more efficient than adapted HLH-2004 guidelines to identify HLH. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were respectively 100% and 80% for children and 90% and 79% for adults. However, for adults, performances became comparable between adapted HLH-2004 guidelines and H-score as patient clinical status worsened. The specificity decreased to 73% for the same sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: The adapted HLH-2004 guidelines seem less powerful and H-score seems to be more appropriate for children, which may be due to less significantly marked biological features. For adults, H-score performances are better when determined at presentation. The cutoff value of the H-score should be adapted depending on the target population to obtain optimal specificity.


Assuntos
Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/diagnóstico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
Ann Hematol ; 95(1): 93-103, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26455579

RESUMO

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia of T cell lineage (T-ALL) is an aggressive malignant disease which accounts for 15 % of childhood ALL. T(11;14) is the more frequent chromosomal abnormality in childhood T-ALL, but its prognostic value remained controversial. Our aim was to analyze the outcome of childhood T-ALL with t(11;14) to know if the presence of this translocation is associated with a poor prognosis. We conducted a retrospective study from a series of 20 patients with t(11;14), treated in two consecutive trials from the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Children Leukemia Group over a 19-year period from 1989 to 2008. There were no significant differences between the 2 consecutive groups of patients with t(11;14) regarding the clinical and biological features at diagnosis. Among 19 patients who reached complete remission, 9 patients relapsed. We noticed 7 deaths all relapse- or failure-related. In the 58881 study, a presence of t(11;14) was associated with a poor outcome with an event-free survival at 5 years at 22.2 % versus 65.1 % for the non-t(11;14) T-ALL (p = 0.0004). In the more recent protocol, the outcome of T-ALL with t(11;14) reached that of non-t(11;14) T-ALL with an event-free survival at 5 years at 65.5 versus 74.9 % (p = 0.93). The presence of t(11;14) appeared as a poor prognostic feature in the 58881 trial whereas this abnormality no longer affected the outcome in the 58951 study. This difference is probably explained by the more intensive chemotherapy in the latest trial.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 11/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 14/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/genética , Translocação Genética/genética , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 62(11): 1956-61, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26173735

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the survival of patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) recorded in the Belgian SCD Registry and to assess the impact of disease-modifying treatments (DMT). METHOD: The Registry created in 2008 included patients of eight centers. All available data in 2008 were retrospectively encoded in the database. After 2008 and until 2012, all data were recorded prospectively for already registered patients as well as newly diagnosed subjects. Data were registered from neonatal screening or from diagnosis (first contact) until last follow-up or death. Data included diagnosis, demography, and outcome data. RESULTS: We collected data from 469 patients over a 5,110 patient years (PY) follow-up period. The global mortality rate was low (0.25/100 PY), although 13 patients died (2.8%) and was similar between children, adolescents (10-18 years), and young adults (P = 0.76). Out of the cohort, 185 patients received hydroxyurea at last follow-up (median duration of treatment: 10.3 years), 90 underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), 24 were chronically transfused, and 170 had never had any DMT. Hydroxyurea showed significant benefit on patients outcome as reflected by a lower mortality rate compared to transplanted individuals or people without DMT (0.14, 0.36, and 0.38 per 100 PY, respectively) and by higher Kaplan-Meier estimates of 15 year survival (99.4%) compared to HSCT (93.8%; P = 0.01) or no DMT groups (95.4%; P = 0.04). CONCLUSION: SCD mortality in Belgium is low with no increase observed in young adults. Patients treated with hydroxyurea demonstrate a significant benefit in survival when compared to those without DMT or transplanted.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/mortalidade , Anemia Falciforme/terapia , Antidrepanocíticos/administração & dosagem , Bases de Dados Factuais , Hidroxiureia/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Aloenxertos , Bélgica/epidemiologia , Transfusão de Sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Haematologica ; 100(10): 1311-9, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26137961

RESUMO

DNA copy number analysis has been instrumental for the identification of genetic alterations in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Notably, some of these genetic defects have been associated with poor treatment outcome and might be relevant for future risk stratification. In this study, we characterized recurrent deletions of CD200 and BTLA genes, mediated by recombination-activating genes, and used breakpoint-specific polymerase chain reaction assay to screen a cohort of 1154 cases of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia uniformly treated according to the EORTC-CLG 58951 protocol. CD200/BTLA deletions were identified in 56 of the patients (4.8%) and were associated with an inferior 8-year event free survival in this treatment protocol [70.2% ± 1.2% for patients with deletions versus 83.5% ± 6.4% for non-deleted cases (hazard ratio 2.02; 95% confidence interval 1.23-3.32; P=0.005)]. Genetically, CD200/BTLA deletions were strongly associated with ETV6-RUNX1-positive leukemias (P<0.0001), but were also identified in patients who did not have any genetic abnormality that is currently used for risk stratification. Within the latter population of patients, the presence of CD200/BTLA deletions was associated with inferior event-free survival and overall survival. Moreover, the multivariate Cox model indicated that these deletions had independent prognostic impact on event-free survival when adjusting for conventional risk criteria. All together, these findings further underscore the rationale for copy number profiling as an important tool for risk stratification in human B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. This trial was registered at www.ClinicalTrials.gov as #NCT00003728.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/genética , Deleção de Genes , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Adolescente , Alelos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Pontos de Quebra do Cromossomo , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Recidiva
20.
Hum Reprod ; 30(9): 2107-9, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26062556

RESUMO

Ovarian insufficiency is a major long-term adverse event, following the administration of a myeloablative conditioning regimen, and occurring in >80% of children and adolescents receiving such treatment for malignant or non-malignant disease. Cryopreservation of ovarian tissue is currently offered to preserve the fertility of these young patients. At least 35 live births have been reported after transplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue in adult patients, but the procedure remains unproven for ovarian tissue harvested at a prepubertal or pubertal age. We report here the first live birth after autograft of cryopreserved ovarian tissue in a woman with primary ovarian failure after a myeloablative conditioning regimen as part of a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation performed for homozygous sickle-cell anemia at age 14 years. This first report of successful fertility restoration after the graft of ovarian tissue cryopreserved before menarche offers reassuring evidence for the feasibility of the procedure when performed during childhood.


Assuntos
Autoenxertos/transplante , Criopreservação , Preservação da Fertilidade/métodos , Nascimento Vivo , Ovário/transplante , Adolescente , Adulto , Anemia Falciforme/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Agonistas Mieloablativos/efeitos adversos , Gravidez , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/induzido quimicamente , Transplante Autólogo
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