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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485239

RESUMO

Background: Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a debilitating disorder resulting from C1-esterase inhibitor (C1-INH) deficiency. In the COMPACT phase 3 study the prophylactic use of a subcutaneous C1 inhibitor (C1-INH [SC], HAEGARDA®, CSL Behring) twice weekly significantly reduced the frequency of acute edema attacks. Analysis of treatment effects by subgroups, onset of effect, and other exploratory analysis have not been reported. Methods: This is a post hoc exploratory analysis on data from the randomized, placebo-controlled COMPACT study. 90 patients with C1-INH-HAE were randomized to 1 of 4 treatment sequences: C1-INH (SC) 40 or 60 IU/kg of body weight twice weekly for 16 weeks, preceded or followed by a placebo period. The pre-specified primary efficacy endpoint was the time-normalized number of HAE attacks, and pre-specified secondary efficacy endpoints were the percentage of patients with a certain treatment response (≥ 50% reduction on C1-INH (SC) versus placebo in the time-normalized number of attacks) and the time-normalized number of use of rescue medication. Pre-specified exploratory endpoints included severity of attacks, alone and combined with rescue medication use. Post hoc analyses included exploration of onset of effect and clinical assessment of patients with < 50% of response. Results: Subgroup findings by various patient characteristics showed a consistent preventive effect of C1-INH (SC). In a post hoc analysis of attacks, the onset of the preventive effect within the first 2 weeks after treatment initiation in COMPACT showed that 10/43 patients (23%) experienced attacks of any severity with 60 IU/kg versus 34/42 patients (81%) with placebo. The need for rescue medication was tenfold lower with 60 IU/kg (35 treated attacks) versus placebo (358 treated attacks). A qualitative analysis of the 4 patients treated with 60 IU/kg and with < 50% reduction of attacks demonstrated a reduction in severity of attacks, rescue medication use, and symptom days which was considered a clinically meaningful treatment effect. Conclusions: C1-INH (SC) prophylaxis demonstrated a preventive treatment effect with evidence of benefit within 2 weeks. A consistent treatment effect at recommended C1-INH (SC) dosing was evident in all subgroups of patients with type I/II HAE and by various measures of disease and treatment burden.Trial registration EU Clinical Trials Register, 2013-000916-10, Registered 10 December 2013, https://www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu/ctr-search/trial/2013-000916-10; ClinicalTrials.gov Register, NCT01912456, Registered 31 July 2013, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01912456.

2.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 7(6): 1793-1802.e2, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30772477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For the prevention of attacks of hereditary angioedema (HAE), the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous human C1-esterase inhibitor (C1-INH[SC]; HAEGARDA, CSL Behring) was established in the 16-week Clinical Study for Optimal Management of Preventing Angioedema with Low-Volume Subcutaneous C1-Inhibitor Replacement Therapy (COMPACT). OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term safety, occurrence of angioedema attacks, and use of rescue medication with C1-INH(SC). METHODS: Open-label, randomized, parallel-arm extension of COMPACT across 11 countries. Patients with frequent angioedema attacks, either study treatment-naive or who had completed COMPACT, were randomly assigned (1:1) to 40 IU/kg or 60 IU/kg C1-INH(SC) twice per week, with conditional uptitration to optimize prophylaxis (ClinicalTrials.gov registration no. NCT02316353). RESULTS: A total of 126 patients with a monthly attack rate of 4.3 in 3 months before entry in COMPACT were enrolled and treated for a mean of 1.5 years; 44 patients (34.9%) had more than 2 years of exposure. Mean steady-state C1-INH functional activity increased to 66.6% with 60 IU/kg. Incidence of adverse events was low and similar in both dose groups (11.3 and 8.5 events per patient-year for 40 IU/kg and 60 IU/kg, respectively). For 40 IU/kg and 60 IU/kg, median annualized attack rates were 1.3 and 1.0, respectively, and median rescue medication use was 0.2 and 0.0 times per year, respectively. Of 23 patients receiving 60 IU/kg for more than 2 years, 19 (83%) were attack-free during months 25 to 30 of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with frequent HAE attacks, long-term replacement therapy with C1-INH(SC) is safe and exhibits a substantial and sustained prophylactic effect, with the vast majority of patients becoming free from debilitating disease symptoms.

4.
Allergy Asthma Proc ; 39(5): 365-370, 2018 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30107868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The first subcutaneous (SC) C1-esterase inhibitor concentrate (C1-INH) was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in June 2017 as routine prophylaxis to prevent hereditary angioedema attacks in adolescents and adults at a dose of 60 IU/kg twice weekly based on the phase III Clinical Study for Optimal Management of Preventing Angioedema With Low-volume Subcutaneous C1-Inhibitor Replacement Therapy (COMPACT) trial. OBJECTIVE: This article aimed to evaluate the relationship of the C1-INH (SC) dose regimens tested in the COMPACT trial (40 IU/kg and 60 IU/kg twice weekly) and the occurrence of adverse events (AEs). METHODS: Patients were instructed to record any AEs in their e-diary daily. Safety and tolerability were assessed based on reported AEs, including injection-site reactions (ISRs); unsolicited AEs (AEs other than ISRs); serious AEs; thrombotic, thromboembolic, anaphylactic, hypersensitivity, sepsis, and bacteremia events; inhibitory antibodies to C1-INH; and clinically significant abnormalities in laboratory assessments. Information on ISRs was specifically solicited. RESULTS: No relationship between the dose of C1-INH (SC) and the incidence of ISRs or unsolicited AEs was observed. The proportion of injections followed by at least one ISR was 12% with C1-INH (SC) 40 IU/kg versus 5% with 60 IU/kg and 6% with placebo. No ISRs were serious or led to treatment discontinuation, and all resolved. There were no anaphylaxis, thromboembolic, sepsis, or bacteremia events reported during treatment with C1-INH (SC). All hypersensitivity AEs were nonserious, and the majority were assessed as being unrelated to treatment. No inhibitory antibodies to C1-INH were observed. CONCLUSION: C1-INH (SC) is safe and well tolerated with no dose-dependent safety concerns, as demonstrated in the COMPACT trial.Clinical trial NCT01912456, www.clinicaltrials.gov.


Assuntos
Angioedemas Hereditários/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína Inibidora do Complemento C1/uso terapêutico , Angioedemas Hereditários/complicações , Angioedemas Hereditários/diagnóstico , Angioedemas Hereditários/prevenção & controle , Proteína Inibidora do Complemento C1/administração & dosagem , Proteína Inibidora do Complemento C1/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sepse/etiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Allergy Rhinol (Providence) ; 8(1): 13-19, 2017 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28381322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The plasma-derived, pasteurized, nanofiltered C1-inhibitor concentrate (pnfC1-INH) is approved in the United States as an intravenous (IV) on-demand treatment for hereditary angioedema (HAE) attacks, and, in Europe, as on demand and short-term prophylaxis. OBJECTIVE: This analysis evaluated Berinert Patient Registry data regarding IV pnfC1-INH used as long-term prophylaxis (LTP). METHODS: The international registry (2010-2014) collected prospective and retrospective usage, dosing, and safety data on individuals who used pnfC1-INH for any reason. RESULTS: The registry included data on 47 subjects (80.9% female subjects; mean age, 44.8 years), which reflected 4082 infusions categorized as LTP and a total of 430.2 months of LTP administration. The median absolute dose of pnfC1-INH given for LTP was 1000 IU (range, 500-3000 IU), with a median time interval between infusion and a subsequent pnfC1-INH-treated attack of 72.0 hours (range, 0.0-166.4 hours). Fifteen subjects (31.9%) had no pnfC1-INH-treated HAE attacks within 7 days after pnfC1-INH infusion for LTP; 32 subjects (68.1%) experienced 246 attacks, with rates of 0.06 attacks per infusion and 0.57 attacks per month. A total of 81 adverse events were reported in 16 subjects (34.0%) (0.02 events per infusion; 0.19 events per month); only 3 adverse events were considered related to pnfC1-INH (noncardiac chest pain, postinfusion headache, deep vein thrombosis in a subject with an IV port). CONCLUSION: In this international registry, IV pnf-C1-INH given as LTP for HAE was safe and efficacious, with a low rate of attacks that required pnfC1-INH treatment, particularly within the first several days after LTP administration.

6.
N Engl J Med ; 376(12): 1131-1140, 2017 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28328347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hereditary angioedema is a disabling, potentially fatal condition caused by deficiency (type I) or dysfunction (type II) of the C1 inhibitor protein. In a phase 2 trial, the use of CSL830, a nanofiltered C1 inhibitor preparation that is suitable for subcutaneous injection, resulted in functional levels of C1 inhibitor activity that would be expected to provide effective prophylaxis of attacks. METHODS: We conducted an international, prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging, phase 3 trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of self-administered subcutaneous CSL830 in patients with type I or type II hereditary angioedema who had had four or more attacks in a consecutive 2-month period within 3 months before screening. We randomly assigned the patients to one of four treatment sequences in a crossover design, each involving two 16-week treatment periods: either 40 IU or 60 IU of CSL830 per kilogram of body weight twice weekly followed by placebo, or vice versa. The primary efficacy end point was the number of attacks of angioedema. Secondary efficacy end points were the proportion of patients who had a response (≥50% reduction in the number of attacks with CSL830 as compared with placebo) and the number of times that rescue medication was used. RESULTS: Of the 90 patients who underwent randomization, 79 completed the trial. Both doses of CSL830, as compared with placebo, reduced the rate of attacks of hereditary angioedema (mean difference with 40 IU, -2.42 attacks per month; 95% confidence interval [CI], -3.38 to -1.46; and mean difference with 60 IU, -3.51 attacks per month; 95% CI, -4.21 to -2.81; P<0.001 for both comparisons). Response rates were 76% (95% CI, 62 to 87) in the 40-IU group and 90% (95% CI, 77 to 96) in the 60-IU group. The need for rescue medication was reduced from 5.55 uses per month in the placebo group to 1.13 uses per month in the 40-IU group and from 3.89 uses in the placebo group to 0.32 uses per month in the 60-IU group. Adverse events (most commonly mild and transient local site reactions) occurred in similar proportions of patients who received CSL830 and those who received placebo. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with hereditary angioedema, the prophylactic use of a subcutaneous C1 inhibitor twice weekly significantly reduced the frequency of acute attacks. (Funded by CSL Behring; COMPACT EudraCT number, 2013-000916-10 , and ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01912456 .).


Assuntos
Proteína Inibidora do Complemento C1/administração & dosagem , Angioedema Hereditário Tipos I e II/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Proteína Inibidora do Complemento C1/efeitos adversos , Proteína Inibidora do Complemento C1/metabolismo , Estudos Cross-Over , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Angioedema Hereditário Tipos I e II/classificação , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Risco , Autoadministração , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
9.
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol ; 117(5): 508-513, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27788880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data are available regarding C1 inhibitor (C1-INH) administration and anti-C1-INH antibodies. OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of antibody formation during treatment with pasteurized, nanofiltered plasma-derived C1-INH (pnfC1-INH) in patients with hereditary angioedema with C1-INH deficiency (C1-INH-HAE) and the comparative efficacy of pnfC1-INH in patients with and without antibodies. METHODS: In this multicenter, open-label study, patients with C1-INH-HAE (≥12 years of age) were given 20 IU/kg of pnfC1-INH per HAE attack that required treatment and followed up for 9 months. Blood samples were taken at baseline (day of first attack) and months 3, 6, and 9 and analyzed for inhibitory anti-C1-INH antibody (iC1-INH-Ab) and noninhibitory anti-C1-INH antibodies (niC1-INH-Abs). RESULTS: The study included 46 patients (69.6% female; mean age, 38.9 years; all white) who received 221 on-site pnfC1-INH infusions; most patients received 6 or fewer infusions. No patient tested positive (titer ≥1:50) for iC1-INH-Ab at any time during the study. Thirteen patients (28.2%) had detectable niC1-INH-Abs in 1 or more samples. Nine patients (19.6%) had detectable niC1-INH-Abs at baseline; 3 of these had no detectable antibodies after baseline. Of 10 patients (21.7%) with 1 or more detectable result for niC1-INH-Abs after baseline, 6 had detectable niC1-INH-Abs at baseline. Mean times to symptom relief onset and complete symptom resolution per patient were similar for those with or without anti-niC1-INH-Abs. CONCLUSION: Administration of pnfC1-INH was not associated with iC1-INH-Ab formation in this population. Noninhibitory antibodies were detected in some patients but fluctuated during the study independently of pnfC1-INH administration and appeared to have no effect on pnfC1-INH efficacy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01467947.


Assuntos
Angioedemas Hereditários/sangue , Angioedemas Hereditários/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos/sangue , Proteína Inibidora do Complemento C1/uso terapêutico , Inativadores do Complemento/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Angioedemas Hereditários/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 4(5): 963-71, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27286778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The plasma-derived, highly purified, nanofiltered C1-inhibitor concentrate (Berinert; "pnfC1-INH") is approved in the United States for treating hereditary angioedema (HAE) attacks and in many European countries for attack treatment and short-term prophylaxis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe safety and usage patterns of pnfC1-INH. METHODS: A multicenter, observational, registry was conducted between 2010 and 2014 at 30 United States and 7 European sites to obtain both prospective (occurring after enrollment) and retrospective (occurring before enrollment) safety and usage data on subjects receiving pnfC1-INH for any reason. RESULTS: Of 343 enrolled patients, 318 received 1 or more doses of pnfC1-INH for HAE attacks (11,848 infusions) or for prophylaxis (3142 infusions), comprising the safety population. Median dosages per infusion were 10.8 IU/kg (attack treatment) and 16.6 IU/kg (prophylaxis). Approximately 95% of infusions were administered outside of a health care setting. No adverse events (AEs) were reported in retrospective data. Among prospective data (n = 296 subjects; 9148 infusions), 252 AEs were reported in 85 (28.7%) subjects (rate of 0.03 events/infusion); 9 events were considered related to pnfC1-INH. Two thromboembolic events were reported in subjects with thrombotic risk factors. No patient was noted to have undergone viral testing for suspected blood-borne infection during registry participation. CONCLUSIONS: The findings from this large, international patient registry documented widespread implementation of pnfC1-INH self-administration outside of a health care setting consistent with current HAE guidelines. These real-world data revealed pnfC1-INH usage for a variety of reasons in patients with HAE and showed a high level of safety regardless of administration setting or reason for use.


Assuntos
Angioedemas Hereditários/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína Inibidora do Complemento C1/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioedemas Hereditários/prevenção & controle , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Proteína Inibidora do Complemento C1/efeitos adversos , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Allergy Asthma Proc ; 36(3): 218-24, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25803207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although treatment with C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH) concentrate is well established for hereditary angioedema (HAE) attacks in general, data that assess its efficacy for cutaneous attack treatment are sparse. OBJECTIVE: To assess efficacy of plasma-derived, nanofiltered C1-INH concentrate for cutaneous attack treatment by comparing treated attacks from the uncontrolled I.M.P.A.C.T.2 study with historical data for untreated attacks. METHODS: Cutaneous attack data from patients with HAE who were treated for cutaneous edema with 20 IU/kg body weight C1-INH concentrate in the uncontrolled I.M.P.A.C.T.2 study (38 patients) were compared with data from untreated patients from an historical data base (46 patients) and included subset analyses for facial edema (treated group, 21 patients; untreated group, 33 patients) and peripheral edema (30 patients in each group). Average attack duration (AAD) per patient was the efficacy end point used to compare treated and untreated patients. Differences were assessed with a Wilcoxon test (primary analysis) and a log-rank test; AAD per patient was analyzed descriptively and graphically with Kaplan-Meier curves. RESULTS: The AAD per patient of all cutaneous attacks or facial and peripheral cutaneous attack subsets was significantly faster with C1-INH treatment than without treatment (Wilcoxon and log-rank tests, both p < 0.0001 for all comparisons). Mean AADs per patient for all, facial, and peripheral attacks were 2.04, 1.45, and 2.16 days, respectively, in the C1-INH-treated group, and were 3.74, 4.45, and 2.98 days, respectively, in the untreated group. Kaplan-Meier curves corroborated the observed group differences. CONCLUSION: Treatment of cutaneous HAE attacks (all attacks or facial and peripheral attack subsets) with 20 IU/kg C1-INH concentrate provided faster attack resolution compared with no treatment.


Assuntos
Angioedemas Hereditários/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína Inibidora do Complemento C1/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Angioedemas Hereditários/diagnóstico , Criança , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Interv Card Electrophysiol ; 30(3): 217-25, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21249437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia reducing the health-related quality of life. Radiofrequency catheter ablation (CA) became the therapy of choice in patients with drug-resistant AF with success rates between 30% and 86%. However, CA remains a challenging intervention with major complications in about 5% of cases. Therefore, stratification into high and low success patient groups would be helpful. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) on the outcome of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in patients with paroxysmal (PAF) and persistent (Pers-AF) atrial fibrillation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 73 patients (median age 53 years, 77% men) undergoing PVI for drug-refractory PAF (n = 45) or Pers-AF (n = 28), the serum BNP concentration was measured before and 3 months after the ablation procedure to assess any association of pre- and post-interventional BNP concentrations with therapeutic outcome. The patients had suffered from AF for a median of 40 months. No patient had structural heart disease or an impaired left-ventricular ejection fraction. RESULTS: A total of 54 patients (74%) had stable sinus rhythm 3 months after PVI. The median baseline BNP levels in both PAF and Pers-AF patients were significantly lower in patients with a 3-month successful PVI than those in which it was unsuccessful, 57.5 pg/ml (20.4-87.9) versus 159.0 pg/ml (124.1-177.5; p = 0.001) in PAF patients and 90.3 pg/ml (41.0-155.0) versus 176 pg/ml (89.6-297.4; p = 0.026) in patients with Pers-AF, respectively. A multiple logistic regression analysis identified pre-interventional BNP levels as the only independent predictor for 3-month PVI outcomes (p = 0.010). Nevertheless, in this study, the predictive value of BNP for PVI outcomes was not high enough to permit individual outcome prediction. After successful PVI, BNP levels were significantly lower in patients with PAF and Pers-AF (median changes -16.9 and -23.8 pg/ml; p = 0.010 and p = 0.022, respectively), but not in patients with AF in follow-up (median change 9.0 pg/ml and -29.6 pg/ml; p = 1.000 and p = 0.109, respectively). CONCLUSION: Pre-ablation BNP level seems to be an independent marker for successful PVI procedures in patients with paroxysmal and persistent AF; however, the observed level of association is moderate.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Resultado do Tratamento
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