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1.
Reprod Sci ; 27(8): 1602-1608, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436196

RESUMO

Oxidative stress is one of the most detrimental factors that affect oocyte developmental competence and embryo development in vitro. The impact of anethole supplementation to in vitro maturation (IVM) media on oocyte maturation and further bovine in vitro embryo production was investigated. Oocytes of slaughterhouse-derived bovine ovaries were placed in IVM with anethole at different concentrations of 30 (AN30), 300 (AN300), and 2000 µg/mL (AN2000), or without (control treatment). The oocytes were assessed for maturation rates, and for reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) levels, and mitochondrial membrane potential. Embryo development was assessed by cleavage and blastocyst rates, and embryo cell number. The percentage of metaphase II oocytes were similar among the treatments (range, 77%-96%). Anethole at 300 µg/mL was the only treatment that yielded higher cleavage and embryo development (morula and blastocyst) rates compared to the control treatment. The ROS production in the oocytes after maturation did not differ among treatments. However, oocytes treated with anethole at 300 µg/mL had higher (P < .05) FRAP and mitochondrial membrane potential compared to the control treatment. Furthermore, AN300 treatment increased (P < .05) the average number of total cells in blastocysts compared to the control and AN30 treatments. The use of anethole at 300 µg/mL during IVM is suggested to improve the quantity and quality of bovine embryos produced in vitro. The beneficial effects of anethole on embryonic developmental competence in vitro seems to be related to its capacity to regulate the redox balance and improve mitochondrial function in oocytes and embryos.

2.
Zygote ; : 1-4, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345381

RESUMO

Two farms applying reproductive technology for the Nellore beef cattle were selected. Both farms had the same technology programme of oestrous synchronization and embryo transfer, but management was different, especially regarding twins pregnancies. In the present study, we followed the farms from the moment of oestrous synchronization, embryo transfer (two per cow), until delivery and first care of the calves. In farm A, cows presenting twin pregnancies (5 from 13) were submitted to delivery induction, as well as calves and cows were monitored after birth. In farm B, such management was not followed with the twin pregnant cows (31 from 49). In both farms, freemartinism was detected, but this was not a problem as none of the animals would be selected for breeding. No dystocia was observed in farm A, while 48% of the twin pregnancies in farm B ended up in dystocia. Furthermore, the mortality rate of new-born calves in farm A was 10%, while in farm B it reached 32%. Although twin pregnancies remain a concern, we showed here that proper management during and after delivery minimizes animal and economic losses.

3.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 215: 106310, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32216933

RESUMO

An appropriate implantation site favors angiogenesis and avoids ovarian tissue damage after tissue grafting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of intramuscular (IM) and subcutaneous (SC) sites for ovarian grafts in goats by evaluating follicular morphology and activation, preantral follicle and stromal cell densities, tissue DNA fragmentation, collagen types I and III depositions, and graft revascularizations. Ovarian cortical tissue was transplanted in IM or SC sites and recovered 7 or 15 days post-transplantation. There was a greater percentage of developing follicles and lesser follicular and stromal cell densities in all grafted tissues as compared to ovarian tissues of the control group. The stromal cell density and percentage of normal follicles were positively associated. At 15 days post-transplantation, tissues at the SC and IM sites had similar amounts of DNA fragmentation and type III collagen content. In contrast, tissues at the SC, as compared with IM site, had greater abundances of collagen type I. Furthermore, there was a positive association between collagen type I and percentage of morphologically normal follicles post-transplantation. In addition to a marked decrease in follicular density 15 days post-transplantation in ovarian grafts at the SC and IM sites, low percentages of normal follicles and follicular activation were observed similarly in both transplantation sites. There were also positive associations of stromal cell density and abundance of type I collagen fibers with the percentage of intact follicles in grafted ovarian tissues.

4.
J Anim Sci Biotechnol ; 10: 94, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827787

RESUMO

Background: Ovarian follicular fluid influences follicle and oocyte growth, but the fluctuation of its protein content during folliculogenesis has not been comprehensively analyzed. Here we used a shotgun approach and bioinformatics analyses to investigate and compare the proteomes of porcine follicular fluid (pFF) obtained from small (< 4 mm), medium (4-6 mm) and large (> 6-12 mm) follicles. Results: Follicular fluid samples containing highest estrogen levels were selected as non-atretic from small (SNA: 26.1 ± 15 ng/mL), medium (MNA: 162 ± 54 ng/mL), and large (LNA: 290 ± 37 ng/mL) follicles for proteomic analyses. We detected 1627, 1699, and 1756 proteins in SNA, MNA, and LNA samples, respectively. Nearly 60-63% of total proteins were specific to each sample, 11-13% were shared in pairwise comparisons, and 247 proteins were shared among all samples. Functional categorization indicated comparable gene ontology (GO) terms distribution per cellular component, molecular function, and biological process categories across samples; however, the ranking of highly significantly enriched GO terms per category revealed differences between samples. The patterns of protein-to-protein interactions varied throughout follicle development, and proteins such as serine protease inhibitor, clade E (SERPINE); plasminogen activator, urokinase (PLAU); and plasminogen activator, urokinase receptor (PLAUR) appeared stage-specific to SNA, MNA, and LNA, respectively. The "complement and coagulation cascades" was the common major pathway. Besides, properdin and fibulin-1 were abundant proteins that appeared absent in LNA samples. Conclusion: This study provides extensive and functional analyses of the pFF proteome changes during folliculogenesis and offers the potential for novel biomarker discovery in pFF for oocyte quality assessment.

5.
Reprod Sci ; : 1933719119831783, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30808260

RESUMO

Oxidative stress is one of the most detrimental factors that affect oocyte developmental competence and embryo development in vitro. The impact of anethole supplementation to in vitro maturation (IVM) media on oocyte maturation and further bovine in vitro embryo production was investigated. Oocytes of slaughterhouse-derived bovine ovaries were placed in IVM with anethole at different concentrations of 30 (AN30), 300 (AN300), and 2000 µg/mL (AN2000), or without (control treatment). The oocytes were assessed for maturation rates, and for reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) levels, and mitochondrial membrane potential. Embryo development was assessed by cleavage and blastocyst rates, and embryo cell number. The percentage of metaphase II oocytes were similar among the treatments (range, 77%-96%). Anethole at 300 µg/mL was the only treatment that yielded higher cleavage and embryo development (morula and blastocyst) rates compared to the control treatment. The ROS production in the oocytes after maturation did not differ among treatments. However, oocytes treated with anethole at 300 µg/mL had higher ( P < .05) FRAP and mitochondrial membrane potential compared to the control treatment. Furthermore, AN300 treatment increased ( P < .05) the average number of total cells in blastocysts compared to the control and AN30 treatments. The use of anethole at 300 µg/mL during IVM is suggested to improve the quantity and quality of bovine embryos produced in vitro. The beneficial effects of anethole on embryonic developmental competence in vitro seems to be related to its capacity to regulate the redox balance and improve mitochondrial function in oocytes and embryos.

6.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 54(7): 939-948, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30246506

RESUMO

Brazilian Somalis is a locally-adapted breed of rams raised in tropical climate and native pastures. The present study was conducted to evaluate gene expression and proteome of the reproductive tract of such rams. Samples were collected from testes, epididymides, seminal vesicles and bulbourethral glands of four rams. Expression of clusterin (CLU), osteopontin (OPN) and prostaglandin D2 synthase (PGDS) genes were evaluated in all samples by real-time PCR. Shotgun proteomic analysis was performed using samples from the head, corpus and cauda epididymides and from all other structures as well. Gene ontology terms and protein interactions were obtained from UniProtKB databases and MetaCore v.6.8 platform. CLU trasncripts were detected in the testes, epididymides, seminal vesicles and bulbourethral glands of the Somalis rams. The initial region and body of the epididymis had the greatest CLU expression. OPN mRNA was localized in all tissues of the ram reproductive tract. PGDS mRNA was detected in the testes and epididymides. Lable-free mass spectrometry allowed the identification of 137 proteins in all samples. Proteins of the epididymis head mainly participate in cellular processes and response to stimulus, participating in catalityc activity and binding. Proteins of epididymis body acted as regulatory proteins and in cellular processes, with binding and catalytic activity. Cauda epididymis molecules were associated with cellular processes and regulation, with binding function and catalytic activity as well. Testis proteins were mainly linked to cell processes and response to stimuli, and had catalytic function. Seminal vesicle proteins were involved in regulation and mainly with binding functions. Most bulbourethral gland proteins participated in cellular processes. The present study is the first to evaluate the proteome and gene expressions in the reproductive tract of Brazilian Somalis rams. Such pieces of information bring significant cointribution for the understanding of the reproductive physiology of locally-adapted livestock.


Assuntos
Genitália Masculina/metabolismo , Proteoma/análise , Carneiro Doméstico/genética , Carneiro Doméstico/metabolismo , Adaptação Fisiológica , Animais , Brasil , Clusterina/genética , Clusterina/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Oxirredutases Intramoleculares/genética , Oxirredutases Intramoleculares/metabolismo , Lipocalinas/genética , Lipocalinas/metabolismo , Masculino , Osteopontina/genética , Osteopontina/metabolismo , Clima Tropical
7.
Cryobiology ; 84: 95-97, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30125538

RESUMO

We evaluated the effects of the vitrification solution (i.e., ethylene glycol (EG) + dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) with or without propylene glycol (PG)) and of exposure time on the re-expansion and hatching rates of vitrified Bos indicus embryos. In vitro produced embryos (n = 1050) were divided into seven groups: control group (non-vitrified embryos) and six vitrification groups with different cryoprotectant concentrations and exposure times. After vitrification, embryos were cultured for determination of re-expansion and hatching rates. Vitrification with 25% DMSO +25% EG (exposure for 1 min and 20 s) resulted in the highest re-expansion (65.2%) and hatching (68.2%) rates. The lowest re-expansion and hatching rates were observed in vitrification with 12.5% DMSO + 25% EG + 12.5% PG with both tested exposure times (i.e., 3 min + 1 min and 1 min + 20 s). A combination of DMSO + EG is efficient to preserve blastocysts, especially following a short exposure time.


Assuntos
Blastocisto/efeitos dos fármacos , Criopreservação/métodos , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Vitrificação , Animais , Bovinos , Dimetil Sulfóxido/farmacologia , Etilenoglicol/farmacologia , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Propilenoglicol/farmacologia
8.
Cryobiology ; 83: 97-99, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29908142

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate the effect of three extracellular cryoprotectants on the morphology of vitrified feline preantral follicles. Feline ovarian fragments (0.5 × 2 × 2 mm) collected from five domestic adult cats subjected to ovariohysterectomy for routine castration were vitrified with ethylene glycol (EG) 40% combined or not with sucrose (0.1 or 0.5 M), trehalose (0.1 or 0.5 M), or raffinose (0.1 M). After vitrification using the solid-surface method and warming of the tissues, cryoprotectants were washed out of the ovarian tissues, which were fixed for histological analysis. The percentages of normal follicles were similar to the control (fresh) (62.9 ± 4.1%) only for tissues exposed and cryopreserved with EG + trehalose at concentrations of 0.1 (35.8 ± 8.3%) and 0.5 M (33.4 ± 5.4%). All the other sugars decreased the percentages of morphologically normal follicles as compared to the control group and the trehalose groups. Based on the results of the present study, we recommend the use of trehalose as the extracellular cryoprotectant for the vitrification of feline ovarian tissue.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/métodos , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Preservação de Órgãos/métodos , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Vitrificação , Animais , Gatos , Etilenoglicol/farmacologia , Feminino , Rafinose/farmacologia , Sacarose/farmacologia , Trealose/farmacologia
9.
PLoS One ; 13(6): e0198108, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29897931

RESUMO

Comprehensive studies on spatial distribution of preantral follicles in the ovary are scarce. Considering that preantral follicles represent the main ovarian reserve, harvesting of these follicles is crucial for the development/use of assisted reproductive techniques. Therefore, knowledge on follicle spatial distribution can be helpful for targeting areas with richer number of preantral follicles through biopsy procedures. The aim of this study was to assess the distribution and localization of equine preantral follicles according to: (i) age, (ii) ovarian portion (lateral and intermediary) and region (dorsal and ventral), (iii) distance from the geometric center, and (iv) follicular class. Ovaries from young and old mares (n = 8) were harvested in a slaughterhouse and submitted to histological processing for further evaluation. For data analyses, a novel methodology was developed according to the geometric center of each histological section for a precise determination of preantral follicle distribution. Results indicated that (i) equine preantral follicles are clustered and located near to the ovarian geometric center, and that aging induced their dispersion through the ovarian cortex; (ii) the distance from the geometric center was shorter for developing follicles than primordial; and (iii) secondary follicles were more distant from the geometric center but closer to the ovulation fossa. In conclusion, the spatial distribution of preantral follicles was successfully determined in the equine ovary and was affected by age, region, and portion.


Assuntos
Cavalos , Folículo Ovariano/citologia , Reserva Ovariana/fisiologia , Ovário/citologia , Fatores Etários , Animais , Contagem de Células , Feminino , Técnicas Histológicas , Cavalos/fisiologia , Ovulação/fisiologia
10.
Reprod Fertil Dev ; 30(2): 359-370, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28768567

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the viability, antrum formation and in vitro development of isolated secondary follicles from vitrified caprine ovarian cortex in a medium previously established for fresh isolated secondary follicles, in the absence (α-minimum essential medium (α-MEM+) alone) or presence of FSH and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF; α-MEM++FSH+VEGF). Ovarian fragments were distributed among five treatments (T1 to T5): fresh follicles were fixed immediately (T1), follicles from fresh tissue were cultured in vitro in α-MEM+ (T2) or α-MEM++FSH+VEGF (T3) and follicles from vitrified tissue were cultured in vitro in α-MEM+ (T4) or α-MEM++FSH+VEGF (T5). After 6 days of culture, treated follicles (T2, T3, T4 and T5) were evaluated for morphology, viability and follicular development (growth, antrum formation and proliferation of granulosa cells by Ki67 and argyrophilic nucleolar organiser region (AgNOR) staining). The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the culture media were also assessed. Overall, morphology of vitrified follicles was altered (P<0.05) compared with the fresh follicles. Follicular viability, antrum formation and ROS were similar between treatments (P>0.05). The average overall and daily follicular growth was highest (P<0.05) in T3. Granulosa cells in all treatments (T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5) stained positive for Ki67. However, fresh follicles from T3 had significantly higher AgNOR staining (P<0.05) compared with follicles of T1, T2, T4 and T5. In conclusion, secondary follicles can be isolated from vitrified and warmed ovarian cortex and survive and form an antrum when growing in an in vitro culture for 6 days.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/veterinária , Cabras/embriologia , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/veterinária , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Ovário/citologia , Animais , Antígenos Nucleares/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Forma Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Fármacos para a Fertilidade Feminina/farmacologia , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/farmacologia
11.
Homeopathy ; 106(2): 87-92, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28552178

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effect of two different follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) preparations (diluted/dynamised and diluted) on the in vitro development and steroid production (estradiol, progesterone and testosterone) of isolated porcine preantral follicle after in vitro culture. METHODS: Secondary follicles were cultured in Alpha Minimum Essential Medium (α-MEM+) supplemented with grain ethanol (AL - 0.2%, v/v), diluted/dynamised FSH (rFSH 6cH - 0.05 fg/mL) or diluted-only FSH (1.5 ng/mL) for 4 days. Follicle development was evaluated on the basis of follicular growth, morphology and hormone production. RESULTS: The percentage of follicular integrity and extrusion were not affected by the treatments after culture. For all treatments, follicular diameter increased significantly from Day 0 to Day 4. On Day 2 of culture, the estradiol production was significantly higher in AL and diluted-only FSH treatments compared with diluted/dynamised FSH. However, diluted/dynamised FSH showed a significantly higher progesterone production on Day 2. Only on Day 4, the testosterone production was higher in the AL than diluted-only FSH treatments, but similar to diluted/dynamised FSH treatment. Except for diluted/dynamised FSH treatment, progesterone production increased (P < 0.05) from Day 2 to Day 4; only for AL treatment, a significant increase of testosterone production was observed during culture. CONCLUSION: Compared to control the diluted/dynamised FSH addition increased progesterone production but decreased the estradiol production after in vitro culture of isolated porcine preantral follicles. Taken together the results suggest that at least for progesterone production the mechanism of action of diluted/dynamised FSH differs from its vehicle.


Assuntos
Estradiol/metabolismo , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Homeopatia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Feminino , Modelos Animais , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Suínos
12.
PLoS One ; 11(2): e0149693, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26900687

RESUMO

Ovarian tissue collected by biopsy procedures allows the performance of many studies with clinical applications in the field of female fertility preservation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of reproductive phase (anestrous vs. diestrous) and ovarian structures (antral follicles and corpus luteum) on the quality, class distribution, number, and density of preantral follicles, and stromal cell density. Ovarian fragments were harvested by biopsy pick-up procedures from mares and submitted to histological analysis. The mean preantral follicle and ovarian stromal cell densities were greater in the diestrous phase and a positive correlation of stromal cell density with the number and density of preantral follicles was observed. The mean area (mm2) of ovarian structures increased in the diestrous phase and had positive correlations with number of preantral follicles, follicle density, and stromal cell density. Biopsy fragments collected from ovaries containing an active corpus luteum had a higher follicle density, stromal cell density, and proportion of normal preantral follicles. In conclusion, our results showed: (1) the diestrous phase influenced positively the preantral follicle quality, class distribution, and follicle and stromal cell densities; (2) the area of ovarian structures was positively correlated with the follicle and stromal cell densities; and (3) the presence of an active corpus luteum had a positive effect on the quality of preantral follicles, and follicle and stromal densities. Therefore, herein we demonstrate that the presence of key ovarian structures favors the harvest of ovarian fragments containing an appropriate number of healthy preantral follicles.


Assuntos
Folículo Ovariano/citologia , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Ovário/citologia , Ovário/fisiologia , Animais , Biópsia , Contagem de Células , Feminino , Cavalos , Células Estromais/citologia
13.
Reprod Fertil Dev ; 27(3): 440-8, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25481978

RESUMO

Effective methods for gamete preservation should have low impact on DNA integrity. The present study investigated the effects of vitrification of goat ovarian tissues on the occurrence of DNA fragmentation and DNA double-stand breaks using the terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-digoxigenin nick end-labelling (TUNEL) assay and detection of phosphorylated histone H2AX (γH2AX), respectively. Goat ovaries were collected at a local abattoir and 12 tissue fragments were prepared from each ovarian pair. Tissue fragments were used as fresh control samples or were cultured in vitro, vitrified or vitrified and cultured. Vitrification was performed using the Ovarian Tissue Cryosystem. Fragments from all groups (control and treatments) were processed for histology, transmission electron microscopy, TUNEL assay and immunofluorescence. Compared with fresh control samples, a lower percentage of morphologically normal follicles was detected in the vitrification followed by culture treatment group (P<0.05). Normal follicular ultrastructure was observed in all groups. Immunofluorescence revealed the presence of γH2AX foci in few oocytes and ovarian stromal cells. TUNEL-positive follicles were found in samples without significant differences among groups (P>0.05). In conclusion, the vitrification protocol used in the present study did not increase DNA damage in preantral follicles enclosed in goat ovarian tissues.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/métodos , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Preservação de Tecido/métodos , Vitrificação , Animais , Feminino , Cabras , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 12: 78, 2014 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25117631

RESUMO

Preantral follicles are the majority of the ovarian follicle population and their use as a source of homogeneous oocytes for bovine reproductive biotechnologies could result in a substantial advance in this field. However, while in other species embryos and offspring have been produced, in bovine species the results have been limited to the follicular activation of small (primordial) preantral follicles and formation of early antral follicles from large (secondary) preantral follicles after in vitro culture. Therefore, this review will highlight the basic aspects of bovine folliculogenesis by focusing on preantral follicles, the methods of harvesting preantral follicles, the main results from in vitro follicular culture during the last 20 years, and the potential candidate substances (basic supplements, growth factors, and hormones) for improving the efficiency of in vitro follicle growth.


Assuntos
Bovinos/fisiologia , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/veterinária , Oogênese , Folículo Ovariano/citologia , Animais , Feminino , Oogônios/citologia , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/veterinária , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos/veterinária
15.
Reprod Fertil Dev ; 26(7): 915-30, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23866836

RESUMO

The in vitro culture of ovarian follicles has provided critical insight into the biology of the follicle and its enclosed oocyte and the physical interaction and communication between the theca and granulosa cells and the oocyte that is necessary to produce meiotically competent oocytes. Various two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) culture systems have been developed to evaluate the effect of growth factors, hormones, extracellular matrix components and culture conditions on follicle development and oocyte growth and maturation. Among these culture systems, 3D systems make it possible to maintain follicle structure and support communication between the various cell compartments within the follicle. In this review article, we will discuss the three main approaches to ovarian follicle culture: 2D attachment systems, 3D floating systems and 3D encapsulated systems. We will specifically emphasise the development of and advances in alginate-based encapsulated systems for in vitro follicle culture.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Folículo Ovariano , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos/métodos , Alginatos/química , Animais , Comunicação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Meios de Cultura , Citoesqueleto/fisiologia , Feminino , Junções Comunicantes , Ácido Glucurônico/química , Células da Granulosa/fisiologia , Ácidos Hexurônicos/química , Humanos , Hidrogéis , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oócitos/fisiologia , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folículo Ovariano/ultraestrutura , Células Tecais/fisiologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos/instrumentação
16.
Zygote ; 21(3): 270-8, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22008252

RESUMO

Expression of BMP-6 mRNA was quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the BMP-6 protein was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry in the primordial, primary, secondary, small and large antral follicles of goat. Furthermore, the influence of BMP-6 on increase in diameter, antrum formation and expression of BMP-6 and FSH-R in in vitro cultured secondary follicles was studied. Therefore, goat primordial, primary and secondary follicles, as well as small and large antral follicles were obtained and the mRNA levels of BMP-6 were quantified by PCR in real time. Expression of BMP-6 protein in goat follicles was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry. The influence of BMP-6 in the presence or absence of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) on both the development of secondary follicles and the expression of mRNA for BMP-6 and FSH-R was evaluated after 6 days of culture. Furthermore, the follicular diameter and the formation of the antrum were evaluated before and after 6 days of culture and compared by Kruskal-Wallis and chi-squared tests (P < 0.05), respectively. The results show that the level of mRNA for BMP-6 in primary and secondary follicles was significantly higher than in the primordial follicles (P < 0.05). Similar levels of BMP-6 mRNA were observed in cumulus-oocyte complexes and mural granulosa/theca cells from small and large antral follicles, respectively. BMP-6 protein was expressed in oocytes of all categories of follicles and in granulosa cells from secondary follicles onwards. Addition of BMP-6 to the culture medium increased the diameter of secondary follicles mainly by antrum formation after 6 days' culture, in the presence or absence of FSH (P < 0.05). Furthermore, addition of FSH resulted in increased levels of BMP-6 mRNA in these follicles (P < 0.05). Simultaneous administration of FSH and BMP-6 enhanced the levels of FSH receptor (FSH-R) mRNA (P < 0.05). It is concluded that BMP-6 mRNA is increased during transition from primordial to primary/secondary follicles in the goat ovaries and that BMP-6 enhances the growth of cultured secondary follicles.


Assuntos
Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 6/genética , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 6/metabolismo , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 6/farmacologia , Meios de Cultura/química , Meios de Cultura/farmacologia , Células do Cúmulo/metabolismo , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/metabolismo , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Células da Granulosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Granulosa/fisiologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovário/fisiologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores do FSH/genética , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos
17.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 32(4): 361-367, Apr. 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-626472

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of progesterone and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) on survival and growth of caprine preantral follicles. Pieces of ovarian tissue were cultured for 1 or 7 days in minimum essential medium (MEM) alone or containing progesterone (1, 2.5, 5, 10 or 20ng/mL), FSH (50ng/mL) or the interaction between progesterone and FSH. Fresh (non-cultured control) and cultured ovarian tissues were processed for histological and ultrastructural studies. After 7 days the addition of FSH to all progesterone concentrations maintained the percentage of normal follicles similar to fresh control. At day 7 of culture, a higher percentage of developing follicles was observed only in 2.5ng/ml of progesterone associated with FSH or 10ng/ml of progesterone alone when compared with control. From day 1 to day 7 of culture, a significant increase in the percentage of developing follicles was observed in MEM and 2.5ng/ml of progesterone + FSH. In addition, after 7 days, in all treatments, there was a significant increase in follicular diameter when compared with control, except for MEM alone and in 5ng/ml of progesterone + FSH or 10ng/ml of progesterone alone. Ultrastructural studies confirmed follicular integrity after 7 days of culture in 2.5ng/ml of progesterone with FSH. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that the interaction between progesterone and FSH maintains ultrastructural integrity, stimulates primordial follicles activation and further growth of cultured caprine preantral follicles.


Este trabalho verificou os efeitos da progesterona e do hormônio folículo-estimulante (FSH) na sobrevivência e no crescimento de folículos pré-antrais caprinos. Fragmentos de tecido ovariano foram cultivados por 1 ou 7 dias em Meio Essencial Mínimo (MEM) sozinho ou contendo progesterona (1, 2.5, 5, 10 ou 20ng/mL), FSH (50ng/mL) ou a combinação entre esses dois hormônios. O tecido fresco (controle não-cultivado) e o cultivado foram processados para análise histológica e ultra-estrutural. Após 7 dias a adição de FSH a todas as concentrações de progesterone manteve o percentual de folículos normais similar ao controle fresco. No dia 7 de cultivo, um alto percentual de folículos em desenvolvimento foi observado somente no tratamento com 2,5ng/ml de progesterona associada ao FSH ou com 10ng/ml de progesterona sozinha, em relação ao controle fresco. Do dia 1 para o dia 7 de cultivo, um aumento significativo no percentual de folículos em desenvolvimento foi observado no MEM sozinho e adicionado de 2,5ng/ml de progesterona + FSH. Além disso, após 7 dias, em todos os tratamentos, houve um aumento significativo no diâmetro folicular em relação ao controle, exceto nos tratamentos com MEM sozinho, 5ng/ml de progesterona + FSH ou 10ng/ml de progesterona sozinha. A análise ultra-estrutural confirmou a integridade follicular após 7 dias de cultivo no tratamento com 2,5ng/ml de progesterona + FSH. Em conclusão, este estudo demonstrou que a interação entre progesterona e FSH mantém a integridade ultra-estrutural, estimula a ativação de folículos primordiais e o posterior crescimento de folículos pré-antrais caprinos cultivados in vitro.


Assuntos
Animais , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovário , Ovinos/embriologia , Biometria , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/veterinária
18.
Biopreserv Biobank ; 10(4): 338-42, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24849881

RESUMO

The objectives of this study were to determine: 1) the optimal concentration (1.0 or 1.5 M) and duration of exposure (5, 10, or 20 min) of ovarian tissue to 1,2-propanediol (PROH) on morphology and viability of caprine preantral follicles; and 2) the effect of supplementing cryopreservation medium supplementation with Trolox(®) (0.1, 0.5, or 1.0 mM) or catalase (5, 10, or 20 IU/mL) on follicular morphology, viability, and lipid peroxidation. Cryopreservation decreased (p<0.05) percentages of normal follicles relative to the control (84%). Although supplementation of the cryopreservation medium (1.0 M PROH) with catalase (10 or 20 IU/mL) or Trolox(®) (0.1 mM) resulted in follicular morphology and viability similar to that in the controls (P>0.05), lipid peroxidation was reduced only when 20 IU/mL catalase was added to the cryopreservation medium.


Assuntos
Catalase/metabolismo , Criopreservação/métodos , Crioprotetores/efeitos adversos , Congelamento , Folículo Ovariano/enzimologia , Propilenoglicol/efeitos adversos , Animais , Feminino , Cabras , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/enzimologia , Ovário/metabolismo
19.
Zygote ; 18(1): 89-92, 2010 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19586559

RESUMO

Ovarian cortical fragments from five adult ewes were in vitro cultured for 1, 3 or 5 days in the presence of minimum essential medium either supplemented or not by follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (100 ng/ml) or indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) (10, 20, 40 or 100 ng/ml), alone or in combination. After in vitro culture, ovarian fragments were submitted to follicular isolation and viability test was performed using trypan blue. Addition of IAA (10 ng/ml) to a free-FSH medium resulted in the highest percentages of viable follicles, but was progressively deleterious in higher concentrations (20, 40 and 100 ng/ml) if in absence of FSH. Follicular development was observed only when FSH was added to an IAA-free medium. In conclusion, IAA at a concentration of 10 ng/ml increases follicular survival in vitro. However, at high concentrations (20, 40 or 100 ng/ml), this auxin may be deleterious to preantral follicles, the addition of FSH to the medium being necessary.


Assuntos
Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Ácidos Indolacéticos/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular , Feminino , Folículo Ovariano/citologia , Ovinos , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos
20.
Biopreserv Biobank ; 8(4): 219-21, 2010 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24846107

RESUMO

Exposure time and addition of sucrose to the vitrification medium as well as the solid-surface vitrification (SSV) on the morphology of bovine preantral follicles were evaluated. Ovarian tissue was exposed for 1, 5, or 10 min to 4.0 M ethylene glycol with or without the addition of 0.5 M sucrose. Subsequently, the tissue was washed out from cryoprotectants or vitrified by the SSV method. Independently of the presence of sucrose, exposure to vitrification solution for 10 min did reduce the percentages of normal follicles when compared with control. However, the highest rates of normal follicles were attained when tissue was previously exposed to the vitrification solution, with sucrose added or not, for 10 min. Although the SSV is a promising procedure to be applied in ovarian tissue, an optimal vitrification solution for bovine ovarian tissue needs to be developed.

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