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1.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(suppl 2): 3647-3655, 2021.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468659

RESUMO

Fluoridation is considered an effective and wide-ranging measure in combatting dental caries. Despite being mandatory in Brazil since 1974, the implementation continues to be unequal throughout the country. The objective was to describe and analyze fluorine levels in the waters of the public supply grid of the 2nd macro region of the state of Pernambuco in municipalities with 50,000 inhabitants or more. This is a descriptive study based on a comparison of data from Pernambuco Sanitation Company (Compesa), the Vigifluor Project, the Water Quality Surveillance Information System for Human Consumption (Sisagua) the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) and the National Sanitation Information System (SNIS), on the fluoridation of water in municipalities of the 2nd health macro region of Pernambuco. Although the municipalities studied do not have artificial fluoridation, significant levels of natural fluorine were found in the sources that supply the regions. However, these levels of fluorine do not remain constant in the waters of the supply network of the municipalities studied, therefore there is no effective prevention against caries. Artificial fluoridation is an effective measure in preventing caries and should therefore be expanded in regions that are not yet fluoridated.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Fluoretos , Brasil , Cidades , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Fluoretação , Fluoretos/análise , Humanos , Abastecimento de Água
2.
Saúde debate ; 45(128): 152-163, jan.-mar. 2021. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252224

RESUMO

RESUMO A rede de atenção à Saúde Bucal (SB) se ampliou com a Política Nacional de Saúde Bucal, sendo os indicadores ferramentas para avaliar conquistas ou necessidade de mudanças. Este trabalho objetivou analisar indicadores de SB da Atenção Básica por tipo de organização das unidades de saúde em Recife, 2018. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, de natureza descritiva e analítica com base em dados secundários. Analisou-se a associação entre tipos de organização da Atenção Básica (Unidade de Saúde da Família - USF; Upinha e Unidade Básica Tradicional - UBT) e indicadores assistenciais de SB, através dos testes qui-quadrado e Kruskal-Wallis (p<0,05). A cobertura de primeira consulta odontológica e os procedimentos odontológicos per capita apresentaram mediana maior nas UBT, 31,8% (p=0,00) e 0,6 (p=0,127), respectivamente. A proporção de exodontia e procedimentos clínicos foi maior nas USF com mediana 8,2% (p=0,703). As USF foram as que realizaram o maior número de atividades coletivas de escovação dental supervisionada (45,3%, p=0,082) e aplicação de flúor (44,6%, p=0,174). Conclui-se que as UBT apresentaram melhores resultados nos indicadores relacionados ao acesso ao tratamento clínico e as USF realizaram mais ações coletivas de prevenção.


ABSTRACT The Oral Health care network (OH) has expanded with the National Oral Health Policy, and the indicators are tools to assess achievements or the need for changes. This study aimed to analyze the OH indicators of Primary Care Basic by health units organization type in Recife, 2018. This is a cross-sectional, quantitative, descriptive and analytical study, based on secondary data. The association between organization type of Primary Care (Family Health Unity/USF; Upinha and Traditional Basic Health Unit/UBT) and OH assistance indicators was analyzed using the chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests (p<0,05). The first dental appointment coverage and the average number of procedures per capita showed a higher median in the UBT, 31,8% (p=0,00) and 0,6 (p=0,127), respectively. The tooth extraction proportion was higher in the USF, with a median of 8,2% (p=0,703). The USF were the ones that performed the largest number of collective activities of supervised tooth brushing (45.3%, p=0.082) and fluoride application (44.6%, p=0.174). It is concluded that the UBT showed better results in the indicators related to access to clinical treatment and the USF performed more collective activities.

3.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 29(5): e2018154, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the oral health care services for people with disabilities treated within the Dentistry for Patients with Special Needs (PSN) specialty. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with data from the Program for Improving Access and Quality of Dental Specialty Centers (PMAQ-CEO) in 2014. RESULTS: Of the total of 932 services evaluated, 89.8% did provide care for PSNs, 30.4% had physical accessibility, 59.7% provided referral to hospital care and most guaranteed complete treatment. Only a third of the Dental Specialty Centers planned 40 or more hours a week for providing clinical care to PSNs. CONCLUSION: The care network for people with disabilities is being formed but, even with specific financial incentives, it has limitations. Services need to eliminate physical and attitudinal barriers to ensure universal accessibility. Protocols based on risk classification are necessary, prioritizing care at DSCs for complex cases not attended to in Primary Care and organizing the dental health care network for people with disabilities.

4.
Preprint em Português | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-933

RESUMO

Objective. To analyze the specialized services of oral health care for people with disabilities, attended by the specialty of Special Care Dentistry (SCD). Methods. A cross-sectional study with data from the Program for Improving Access and Quality of Dental Specialties Centers (PMAQ-CEO), 2014. Results. A total of 932 services were evaluated: 89.8% did have SCD, 30.4% had physical accessibility, 59.7% had reference to hospital care and most guaranteed complete treatment. Only a third of the CEOs offered 40 hours per week of SCD. Conclusion. The network of care for people with disabilities is being formed, and even with specific financial incentives, has limitations. Services need to eliminate physical and attitudinal barriers to ensure universal accessibility. Protocols based on risk classification are necessary, prioritizing the attendance in the CEO of the complex cases, not attended in the primary care and organizing the dental health care network of the people with disabilities.


Objetivo. Descrever os serviços de atenção à saúde bucal para pessoas com deficiência, atendidas pela especialidade Odontologia para Pacientes com Necessidades Especiais (PNE). Métodos. Estudo transversal, com dados do Programa de Melhoria do Acesso e Qualidade dos Centros de Especialidades Odontológicas (PMAQ-CEO), 2014. Resultados. Dos 932 serviços avaliados, 89,8% contavam com atendimento a PNEs, 30,4% apresentavam acessibilidade física e 59,7% contavam com referência para atendimento hospitalar. A maioria garantia tratamento completo. São disponibilizadas 40h semanais de atendimento clínico a PNEs em 1/3 dos CEOs. Conclusão. A rede de cuidado para pessoas com deficiência encontra-se em formação e, apesar dos incentivos financeiros específicos, apresenta limitações. Os serviços precisam eliminar barreiras físicas e atitudinais para garantir acessibilidade universal. Protocolos baseados em classificação de risco são necessários, priorizando atendimento no CEO dos casos complexos, não atendidos na Atenção Básica e organizando a rede de cuidados em saúde bucal da pessoa com deficiência.

5.
Preprint em Inglês | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-832

RESUMO

This study aimed to present preliminary research results about the impact of COVID-19 on the professional practice of dentists in Pernambuco. This is a cross-sectional, descriptive, and exploratory study, whose population was composed of dental surgeons with active enrollment in the Regional Dentistry Council of Pernambuco. Data collection was performed using an electronic form and included characterization of professionals (gender, age, time since graduation, marital status, family income and field of work) and health status (vaccination schedule, presence of comorbidities, biosafety knowledge and testing for COVID-19). Preliminary data correspond to the first week of collection, which were analyzed from the frequency, proportions, and measures of central tendency distributions. Of the 363 dental surgeons, for the field of work, 38.6% work in both the public and private sectors. Comorbidities related to the worsening of COVID-19 were identified in 35.0% of participants, 24.5% are not up to date with influenza and hepatitis vaccines, and 79.3% have not been tested for COVID-19. Regarding the biosafety instructions for COVID-19, 30.7% received no training. It is necessary to immunize dental surgeons to prevent from immunilogical diseases and expansion of the testing capacity for COVID-19, especially for professionals belonging to the risk group. In addition to guaranteeing the offer of qualification courses on biosafety, which is essential for the safe resumption of activities.


Este estudo objetivou apresentar resultados preliminares de pesquisa acerca do impacto da COVID-19 na prática profissional de cirurgiões-dentistas de Pernambuco. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, descritivo e exploratório, cuja população foi composta por cirurgiões-dentistas com inscrição ativa no Conselho Regional de Odontologia de Pernambuco. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de formulário eletrônico e contemplou caracterização dos profissionais (sexo, idade, tempo de formado, estado civil, renda familiar e setor de atuação) e situação de saúde (esquema vacinal, presença de comorbidades, conhecimento sobre biossegurança e realização de teste para COVID-19). Os dados preliminares correspondem a primeira semana de coleta, os quais foram analisados a partir da distribuição de frequência, proporções e medida de tendência central. Dos 363 cirurgiões-dentistas, 72,5% eram do sexo feminino e 50,1% casados ou em união estável. A renda familiar de 66,1% profissionais foi igual ou superior a cinco salários mínimos e 55,9% relataram possuir especialização ou residência. Quanto ao local de atuação, 38,6% atuam tanto no setor público quanto no privado. Identificou-se comorbidades relacionadas ao agravamento da COVID-19 em 35,0% dos participantes, 24,5% não estão em dia com as vacinas de gripe e de hepatite, e 79,3% não foram testados para a COVID-19. No que diz respeito às instruções de biossegurança para COVID-19, 30,7% não receberam nenhum treinamento. Se faz necessário a imunização dos cirurgiões dentistas para doenças imunopreviníveis, ampliação da capacidade de testagem para a COVID-19, em especial aos profissionais pertencentes ao grupo de risco. Além de garantir a oferta de cursos de qualificação no tema da biossegurança, fundamental para a retomada segura das atividades.

6.
Rev. CEFAC ; 22(4): e14019, 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136495

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: to develop and validate the logical model of the Neonatal Hearing Screening Program in the hearing health network. Methods: a methodological developmental research aimed to build the logical model of the Neonatal Hearing Screening Program and validate its content through a "consensus conference". The research was carried out in three stages: 1) Literature review, analysis of the normative documents, and official recommendations regarding the Neonatal Hearing Screening; 2) Development of the logical model; 3) Validation of the logical model through rounds of consultation with specialists. Results: based on the documentary analysis, the logical model was designed in three dimensions: (1) Education in Hearing Health, (2) Neonatal Hearing Screening, and (3) Administration. It was validated based on the judgment of specialists in the field. After the validation process, three variables in the "process" and one in the "structure" aspects, were adjusted, whereas another two aspects in "process" were excluded. Conclusion: the logical model presented the dimensions, activities, and results of the Neonatal Hearing Screening Program in practical and clear terms. Hence, it is useful not only to communicate and announce its results, but also to offer support to future evaluative research in the field of neonatal hearing health.


RESUMO Objetivos: elaborar e validar o modelo lógico do Programa de Triagem Auditiva Neonatal na rede de saúde auditiva. Métodos: estudo do tipo pesquisa de desenvolvimento metodológico com vistas a elaboração do Modelo Lógico do Programa de Triagem Auditiva Neonatal e sua respectiva validação de conteúdo por meio da "conferência de consenso". A pesquisa foi realizada em 3 etapas: 1) revisão de literatura, análise de documentos normativos e recomendações oficiais acerca da Triagem Auditiva Neonatal; 2) elaboração do modelo lógico; e 3) validação do mesmo por meio de rodadas de consulta a especialistas. Resultados: a análise documental possibilitou a delineação de um modelo lógico distribuído em três dimensões: (1) Educação em Saúde Auditiva, (2) Triagem Auditiva Neonatal e (3) Gestão, o qual foi validado com base no julgamento de especialistas na área. Após o processo de validação, três variáveis no aspecto "processo" e uma no aspecto "estrutura" receberam ajustes e duas variáveis do aspecto processo foram excluídas. Conclusão: o modelo lógico explicitou as dimensões, atividades e resultados do Programa de Triagem Auditiva Neonatal de forma prática e clara, podendo auxiliar tanto o processo de comunicação e divulgação de seus resultados, como também para oferecer subsídios para futuras pesquisas avaliativas na área da saúde auditiva neonatal.

7.
Rev. CEFAC ; 22(6): e9420, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136527

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: to validate an indicator matrix to assess the Neonatal Hearing Screening Program (NHSP). Methods: methodology development research. A total of 13 speech-language-hearing therapists with a specialization in audiology and/or at least three-year experience in neonatal hearing screening participated in the validation process. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected to develop the indicator matrix, which was then submitted to the validation process. The results of the specialists' evaluation, in this stage, were quantitatively analyzed with the item content validation index (I-CVI) and scale content validation index (S-CVI). Results: regarding the indicators classified as quite or fully adequate, the mean I-CVI was the same as the mean S-CVI (0.95), evidencing excellence in their content validity. Concerning the scores classified as quite or fully adequate, the I-CVI mean was also identical to that of S-CVI (0.83), thus, reaching a consensus. Conclusion: this matrix with 33 indicators that had their content validated with consensus, will consistently contribute to assessing NHS services in Brazil.


RESUMO Objetivo: validar uma matriz de indicadores para avaliação do Programa de Triagem Auditiva Neonatal (PTAN). Métodos: pesquisa de desenvolvimento metodológico. Participaram do processo de validação 13 fonoaudiólogos com especialização em audiologia e/ou experiência em triagem auditiva neonatal por um período igual ou superior a 3 anos. Foram coletados dados quantitativos e qualitativos para elaboração da matriz de indicadores que, em seguida, foi submetida ao processo de validação. Os resultados da avaliação dos especialistas, nesta etapa, foram analisados quantitativamente por meio do Índice de Validação de Conteúdo por Item (I-IVC) e do Índice de Validação de Conteúdo por Escala (S-IVC). Resultados: quanto aos indicadores classificados como bastante ou totalmente adequados, a média do I-IVC foi igual a do S-IVC (0,95), o que evidenciou a excelência na validade de seu conteúdo. Em relação às Pontuações classificadas como bastante ou totalmente adequadas, a média do I-IVC também foi idêntica a do S-IVC (0,83), tendo sido considerada a obtenção do consenso. Conclusão: um conjunto de 33 indicadores foram validados no aspecto do conteúdo com a obtenção do consenso, cuja utilização poderá contribuir consistentemente para a avaliação dos serviços de TAN existentes no Brasil.

8.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 29(5): e2018154, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124777

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: Descrever os serviços de atenção à saúde bucal para pessoas com deficiência, atendidas pela especialidade Odontologia para Pacientes com Necessidades Especiais (PNE). Métodos: Estudo transversal, com dados do Programa de Melhoria do Acesso e Qualidade dos Centros de Especialidades Odontológicas (PMAQ-CEO), 2014. Resultados: Dos 932 serviços avaliados, 89,8% contavam com atendimento a PNEs, 30,4% apresentavam acessibilidade física e 59,7% contavam com referência para atendimento hospitalar. A maioria garantia tratamento completo. São disponibilizadas 40h semanais de atendimento clínico a PNEs em 1/3 dos CEOs. Conclusão: A rede de cuidado para pessoas com deficiência encontra-se em formação e, apesar dos incentivos financeiros específicos, apresenta limitações. Os serviços precisam eliminar barreiras físicas e atitudinais para garantir acessibilidade universal. Protocolos baseados em classificação de risco são necessários, priorizando atendimento no CEO dos casos complexos, não atendidos na Atenção Básica e organizando a rede de cuidados em saúde bucal da pessoa com deficiência.


Resumen Objetivo: Describir los servicios de atención a la salud bucal para personas con discapacidad, atendidos por la especialidad Odontología para Pacientes con Necesidades Especiales (PNE). Métodos: Estudio transversal, con datos del Programa de Mejora del Acceso y Calidad de los Centros de Especialidades Odontológicas (PMAC-CEO), 2014. Resultados: Se evaluaron 932 servicios: 89,8% contaba con atención a los PNEs, 30,4% tenía accesibilidad física y 59,7% tenía referencia para atención hospitalaria. La mayoría garantía tratamiento completo. Sólo 1/3 ofrecían 40hs semanales de atención PNE. Conclusión: La red de atención para personas con discapacidades se está formando, y a pesar de los incentivos financieros específicos, tiene limitaciones. Los servicios necesitan eliminar las barreras físicas y de actitud para garantizar la accesibilidad universal. Protocolos basados en clasificación de riesgo son necesarios, priorizando la atención en el CEO de los casos complejos, no atendidos en la atención básica y organizando la red de atención en salud bucal de la persona con discapacidad.


Abstract Objective: To describe the oral health care services for people with disabilities treated within the Dentistry for Patients with Special Needs (PSN) specialty. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with data from the Program for Improving Access and Quality of Dental Specialty Centers (PMAQ-CEO) in 2014. Results: Of the total of 932 services evaluated, 89.8% did provide care for PSNs, 30.4% had physical accessibility, 59.7% provided referral to hospital care and most guaranteed complete treatment. Only a third of the Dental Specialty Centers planned 40 or more hours a week for providing clinical care to PSNs. Conclusion: The care network for people with disabilities is being formed but, even with specific financial incentives, it has limitations. Services need to eliminate physical and attitudinal barriers to ensure universal accessibility. Protocols based on risk classification are necessary, prioritizing care at DSCs for complex cases not attended to in Primary Care and organizing the dental health care network for people with disabilities.

9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 20(supl.1): e0145, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1135577

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To present the results of preliminary research on the characterization of dental surgeons in the state of Pernambuco, during a pandemic of COVID-19. Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive, and exploratory study, whose population was composed of dental surgeons with active enrollment in the Regional Dentistry Council of Pernambuco. Data collection was performed using an electronic form and included characterization of professionals (gender, age, time since graduation, marital status, family income and field of work) and health status (vaccination schedule, presence of comorbidities, biosafety knowledge and testing for COVID-19). Preliminary data correspond to the first week of collection, which were analyzed from the frequency, proportions, and measures of central tendency distributions. Results: Of the 363 dental surgeons, for the field of work, 38.6% work in both the public and private sectors. Comorbidities related to the worsening of COVID-19 were identified in 35.0% of participants, 24.5% are not up to date with influenza and hepatitis vaccines, and 79.3% have not been tested for COVID-19. Regarding the biosafety instructions for COVID-19, 30.7% received no training. Conclusion: It is necessary to immunize dental surgeons to prevent immunological diseases and expansion of the testing capacity for COVID-19, especially for professionals belonging to the risk group. In addition to guaranteeing the offer of qualification courses on biosafety, which is essential for the safe resumption of activities.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal/educação , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Odontólogos , COVID-19/imunologia , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/imunologia
10.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3358, 15/01/2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-966749

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the correlations between the production of specialized dental procedures from 2008 to 2012 and factors related to the services and context of the Brazilian states. Material and Methods: A quantitative ecological-type study was developed, in which secondary data from Brazilian national databases were used. Procedures for outpatient production of specialized procedures throughout Brazil, from 2008 to 2012, were consolidated from the offering state, the state of the federation being the analysis unit. In order to collect data on coverage by oral health family teams in the Family Health Strategy, as well as the number of CEOs per state, the Strategic Support Management Room (SAGE) was accessed. The corresponding indicator mean proportion of specialized procedures in Brazil (Pmb) was used as dependent variable. Correlations were tested using Spearman's test. The software was Statistical Package for Social Sciences, v. 17.0, with a level of significance of 5%. Results: Pmb was 4.9% for the evaluated period. There was a negative correlation between indicator and the coverage of oral health teams in the family health strategy. Conclusion: The correlations analyzed were influenced by the organization and distribution of the professionals' workforce; revealing that the non-organization of the health care network may increase the performance of specialized procedures resulting from spontaneous demand due to the poor basic care coverage.


Assuntos
Atenção Primária à Saúde , Atenção Secundária à Saúde , Brasil , Saúde Bucal , Estratégia Saúde da Família , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Sistemas de Informação em Atendimento Ambulatorial , Estudos Ecológicos , Serviços de Saúde
11.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3175, 15/01/2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-966760

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the distribution of Centers of Dental Specialties (CEO) implemented in Brazil until 2014 and identify the contextual and individual variables associated with the geographical accessibility, considering the user's perspective. Material and Methods: The study was conducted with data from the Improving Access and Quality of CEOs (AVE/PMAQ CEO) External Evaluation and contextual characteristics of states and municipalities. The AVE/PMAQ CEO was an evaluative research with cross-sectional observational character, performed in all CEOs in Brazil, with 932 services evaluated and 8,897 users interviewed. Data analysis was conducted in two stages, considering the study dimensions. Analyses were conducted on the availability of units by region, state, population size of the municipality and contextual variables. Then, the relationship between explanatory variables and the user's displacement time and with the intention to change the service location was evaluated using generalized linear regression analysis. Results: The 932 CEOs evaluated were located in 780 of the 5,570 municipalities of the country and the majority was located in the northeastern (38.3%) and southeastern regions (36.2%), with the northern and midwestern regions presenting the lowest absolute number of units. The average displacement time to the CEO was 28.4 minutes, while the intention to change CEO location due to the distance from home was reported by 7.8% of users. Lower geographical accessibility was reported in the northern region and for individuals who reported living in the rural area and in cities with larger populations. Conclusion: The availability of CEOs in the country is still low and not equitably distributed among states and regions.


Assuntos
Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Brasil , Equidade em Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Análise de Regressão , Preferência do Paciente
12.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3385, 15/01/2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-966856

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the quality of Centers for Dental Specialties (CEO) using an electronic tool - the CEO webpage. Material and Methods: Evaluative research was carried out through the use of a web-based tool, which has two modules with forms for the evaluation of quality of CEO components to Managers and Professionals. The tool generates classification scores and recommendation letters according to the score obtained. Satisfactory classification was used for scores equal to or above 7.0 and unsatisfactory for scores lower than 7.0. Representatives of manager and professionals of CEOs who attended the invitation of the research were qualified to use the CEO webpage. Portal data were analyzed in a descriptive way and the average scores were tested according to service and context variables. Results: Thirty-eight health facilities were evaluated. The average score for CEOs was rated as satisfactory for both the Manager and Professional modules. However, when quality components were evaluated, there was higher concentration of unsatisfactory scores to those related to the work process, particularly to the quality components of Personnel Management; Social control and Financing; and, Organizational Criteria. Conclusion: The CEO webpage, for instantly generating evaluation and recommendations for change, is easy to handle and lacks minimal technological resources (computer with access to the internet network), has become a tool for information management that allows immediate decision making. In addition, they can make a major contribution to planning / management support in identifying critical aspects of the service that impair quality, with strong potential to serve as supplementary institutional support to PMAQ / CEO. Initiatives such as the CEO webpage should be encouraged and disseminated for use within Unified Health System.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Especialidades Odontológicas , Atenção Secundária à Saúde , Brasil , Tecnologia da Informação , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado
13.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3433, 15/01/2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-966859

RESUMO

Objective: To introduce the main theoretical and methodological aspects of the external evaluation of the 1st cycle National Program for Quality Evaluation (AEPMAQ/ CEO). Material and Methods: This is an evaluative and quantitative research carried out in all Centers for Dental Specialties - CEO of Brazil, and macro-geographical regions were taken into account for analysis. The general AE-PMAQ/CEO coordination was from the Collaborative Centre for Oral Health Surveillance of the Ministry of Health - Federal University of Pernambuco and Department for Primary Health Care of the Ministry of Health. A collaborative network was established to offer a scientific and technical support for the Project among different higher education institutions around the country, state oral health coordination and quality researchers of AE-PMAQ/CEO. Data collection was carried out through interviews with managers, dentists and users. In addition, researchers used an observation template to check for infrastructure and a questionnaire to register previously discussed quality standards. Conclusion: The external evaluation of the 1st cycle National Program for Quality Evaluation offered data to demonstrate and give recognition to CEO services and municipalities' managers to assure quality for specialized dental care.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Especialidades Odontológicas , Atenção Secundária à Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Brasil , Entrevista
14.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 40(2): 261-267, abr.-jun. 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-792682

RESUMO

RESUMO A pesquisa objetivou conhecer e analisar o processo da intersetorialidade no Programa Saúde na Escola (PSE)em um município da região metropolitana de Pernambuco. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa que abordou, por meio de entrevista semiestruturada, profissionais da saúde e da educaçãonas 20 primeiras escolas que aderiram ao PSE desde seu lançamento no município. Os dados foram analisados por meio da análise de conteúdo proposta por Bardin, associada ao programa computacional NVivo®, assim como também foi utilizado o diário de campo. A pesquisa revelou que o maior dilema é operar uma política necessariamente intersetorial, explicitada num ambiente com atores que possuem agendas setoriais previamente montadas e sem espaço suficiente para a correta execução da política, o que leva à dificuldade de conciliar os tempos institucionais dos vários setores e o comprometimento e envolvimento setorial, impedindo a sustentabilidade das ações. Mudanças estão sendo implementadas, mas o que se observa é a escassez de capacitação e educação permanente, além da inexistência de protocolos que norteiem o desenvolvimento de ações intersetoriais.


ABSTRACT This research aimed to identify and analyze the process of cross-sectorialcooperation in the Health at Schools Program in a cityin Pernambuco state. Through semi-structured interviews this qualitative research addressed health care and education professionals in the first 20 schools that joined the PSE since its launch in the city. Data were analyzed using content analysis proposed by Bardin, associated with the computer program NVivo ®, as well as field diary also being used. The survey revealed that the biggest dilemma is to operate a necessarily cross-sectorial policy explained in an environment with actors that have previously established sectorial agendas and without sufficient space for the correct implementation of the policy, which leads to difficulty in reconciling institutional times of the various sectors and the sector involvement and commitment, preventing the sustainability of actions. Changes are being implemented, but what can be seen is the lack of training and continuing education, besides the lack of protocols to guide the development of cross-sectorial actions.

15.
Cien Saude Colet ; 20(10): 3111-20, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26465853

RESUMO

Considering that emergency dental services include the referral network and the counter-referral network, interacting at the intersection between primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare, this study aims to describe the interface between primary healthcare (APS - Atenção Primária a Saúde), particularly of the Family Health Strategy, and secondary care in oral health, using the Emergency Dental Services (SOU), in the municipality of Recife. It is a qualitative, exploratory and descriptive case study. The data was collected through semi-structured interviews. Classical ALCESTE analysis was used based on the Descending Hierarchical Classification Dendrogram, making it possible to understand the expressions and each one of the words spoken by the dental health professionals, analyzing them using their social places and contexts as a starting point. What we found was only a fragile degree of integration, and little capacity for solution, between the levels of care - a partially disconnected network. Undoubtedly the problems with the interface between primary care and the emergency services in oral health are multiple and complex. The individual solutions have low efficacy, and are complex in their operation.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Brasil , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Encaminhamento e Consulta
16.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 20(10): 3111-3120, Out. 2015.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-761759

RESUMO

ResumoConsiderando que os serviços de urgência odontológica compõem a rede de referência e contrarreferência, interagindo na intersecção do atendimento primário, secundário e terciário, a presente pesquisa visou descrever a interface entre a atenção primária à saúde (APS), particularmente da Estratégia de Saúde da Família, e a atenção secundária em saúde bucal, utilizando-se dos Serviços Odontológicos de Urgência (SOU), no município do Recife. Trata-se de um estudo de caso qualitativo, exploratório e descritivo. A coleta de dados se deu a partir da realização de entrevistas semiestruturadas. Foi utilizada a análise clássica do ALCESTE a partir do Dendograma de Classificação Hierárquica Descendente, permitindo compreender as expressões e cada uma das palavras pronunciadas pelos profissionais de odontologia, analisando-as a partir de seus lugares e inserções sociais. Evidenciamos uma frágil integração e pouca resolutividade entre os níveis de atenção, apresentando uma rede parcialmente desconectada. Indubitavelmente os problemas com a interface entre a atenção primária e os serviços de urgência em saúde bucal são múltiplos e complexos. As soluções individuais possuem baixa efetividade, sendo estas complexas em sua operacionalização.


AbstractConsidering that emergency dental services include the referral network and the counter-referral network, interacting at the intersection between primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare, this study aims to describe the interface between primary healthcare (APS – Atenção Primária a Saúde), particularly of the Family Health Strategy, and secondary care in oral health, using the Emergency Dental Services (SOU), in the municipality of Recife. It is a qualitative, exploratory and descriptive case study. The data was collected through semi-structured interviews. Classical ALCESTE analysis was used based on the Descending Hierarchical Classification Dendrogram, making it possible to understand the expressions and each one of the words spoken by the dental health professionals, analyzing them using their social places and contexts as a starting point. What we found was only a fragile degree of integration, and little capacity for solution, between the levels of care – a partially disconnected network. Undoubtedly the problems with the interface between primary care and the emergency services in oral health are multiple and complex. The individual solutions have low efficacy, and are complex in their operation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Assistência Odontológica , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Brasil , Saúde Bucal , Encaminhamento e Consulta
17.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 23(1): 76-85, Jan-Mar/2015. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-749746

RESUMO

O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a qualidade dos serviços ofertados nos Centros de Especializações Odontológicas (CEOs) em Pernambuco, Brasil, na perspectiva da satisfação dos usuários. Trata-se de um estudo analítico, quantitativo, de caráter avaliativo, segundo o modelo Donabediano referente ao resultado. As entrevistas foram realizadas por meio da agregação de formulários previamente validados. A amostra foi composta pelos usuários presentes na sala de espera de cada CEO que tivessem sido submetidos a procedimento clínico ao menos uma vez, totalizando 156 usuários. A análise dos dados foi realizada por intermédio do programa estatístico SPSS, versão 13.0, em uma etapa descritiva e outra analítica. Na análise estatística foi utilizado o teste do χ2 de Pearson. Para todas as análises foi levado em consideração o nível de significância de 5%. Constatou-se que os usuários estão satisfeitos com a qualidade dos serviços prestados nos CEOs de Pernambuco. As variáveis "autopercepção de saúde" e "tipo de serviço" apresentaram associação positiva e estatisticamente significante com uma maior satisfação dos usuários, sendo esta maior entre os indivíduos que consideraram sua saúde bucal ruim e que frequentaram o Programa Saúde da Família (PSF).


The research has the purpose of analyzing the quality of the services offered at the CEO in Pernambuco, Brazil, in the perspective of the users' satisfaction. It is about an analytical/quantitative study with evaluative measures according to Donabedian's model referring to the result. The interviews were done through the junction of forms previously validated. The exposition was composed of the users who were present in the waiting room of every CEO that had submitted to the clinical procedure at least once, making a total of 156 users. The data analysis was checked at the statistical program SPSS, 13.0 version, in a descriptive and analytical step. In the statistical analysis, Pearson's χ2 was used. A level of 5% significance was taken into consideration for all the analysis. It was testified that the users had demonstrated satisfaction with the quality of the service rendered at the CEO in Pernambuco. The ideas of "self-perception of health" and "type of service" have been considered both positively and statistically significant with a clear satisfaction from the users, especially the ones who used to go regularly to the PSF and consider the oral health service bad.

18.
Rev. saúde pública ; 47(supl.3): 40-49, dez. 2013. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-702124

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência e gravidade de cárie em crianças brasileiras e sua associação com fatores individuais e contextuais. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados os dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde Bucal (SBBrasil 2010), em uma amostra de 7.247 crianças de 12 anos. Os dados foram coletados por meio de exames clínicos e entrevistas. As variáveis dependentes foram as prevalências de cárie (dentes permanentes cariados, perdidos ou obturados [CPOD] ≥ 1 e CPOD ≥ 4). Foram realizadas análises bivariadas (teste de Rao-Scott) e multinível (regressão de Poisson). As variáveis individuais foram sociodemográficas, condição periodontal e relato de incômodo ao escovar os dentes. Os fatores contextuais foram a presença de água fluoretada, a porcentagem de domicílios ligados à rede de abastecimento de água e a renda mediana do município. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de CPOD ≥ 1 foi 56,0%. O CPOD médio foi igual a 2,04 (IC95% 1,76;2,31) e 22,2% das crianças tinham CPOD ≥ 4. A experiência de cárie foi significantemente mais elevada em crianças de cor de pele preta, parda e amarela; em famílias com renda mais baixa; em crianças com cálculo dentário ou sangramento gengival; e naquelas que relataram incômodo ao escovar. Viver em cidades sem água fluoretada, com menor cobertura da rede de abastecimento de água e com renda mediana baixa foram fatores contextuais associados à doença. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de cárie em crianças brasileiras de 12 anos foi baixa, de acordo com os critérios da Organização Mundial da Saúde. Houve significantes desigualdades geográficas e socioeconômicas nos níveis da doença. .


OBJETIVO: Estimar la prevalencia y gravedad de la caries en niños brasileños y su asociación con factores individuales y contextuales. MÉTODOS: Se utilizaron los datos de la Investigación Nacional de Salud Bucal (SBBrasil2010), en una muestra de 7.247 niños de 12 años. Los datos fueron colectados por medio de exámenes clínicos y entrevistas. Las variables dependientes fueron las prevalencias de caries (dientes permanentes cariados, perdidos u obturados [CPOD] ≥1 y CPOD ≥4). Se realizaron análisis bivariados (prueba de Rao-Scott) y multinivel (regresión de Poisson). Las variables individuales fueron sociodemográficas, condición periodontal y relato de incomodidad al cepillarse los dientes. Los factores contextuales fueron la presencia de agua con flúor, el porcentaje de domicilios unidos a la red de abastecimiento de agua, y la renta mediana del municipio. RESULTADOS: La prevalencia de CPOD≥1 fue 56,0%. El CPOD promedio fue igual a 2,04 (IC95% 1,76;2,31) y 22,2% de los niños tenían CPOD≥4. La experiencia de caries fue significativamente más elevada en niños de color de piel negra, parda y amarilla; en familias con renta más baja, en niños con cálculo dentario o sangramiento de las encías y en aquellas que relataron incomodidad al cepillarse. Vivir en ciudades sin agua con flúor, con menor cobertura de la red de abastecimiento de agua y con renta mediana baja fueron factores contextuales asociados a la enfermedad. CONCLUSIONES: La prevalencia de caries en niños brasileños de 12 años fue baja, de acuerdo con los criterios de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Hubo desigualdades geográficas y socioeconómicas significativas en los niveles de la enfermedad. .


OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and severity of dental caries in Brazilian children and the association with individual and contextual factors. METHODS: Data were taken from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil 2010) a sample of 7,247 12-year-olds. The data were collected using clinical examinations and interviews. The dependent variables were the prevalence of dental caries (decayed, missing and filled teeth [DMFT] ≥ 1 and DMFT ≥ 4). Bivariate (Rao Scott test) and multivariate (Poisson regression) analyses were carried out. The individual variables were sociodemographic variables, periodontal health and reporting discomfort while brushing. Contextual factors were the presence of water fluoridation, the percentage of residences connected to the water supply and median income of the municipality. RESULTS: The prevalence of DMFT ≥ 1 was 56.0%. Mean DMFT was 2.04 (95%CI 1.76;2.31) and 22.2% of children had DMFT ≥ 4. Caries experience was significantly more common in children with black, brown or yellow skin; in low-income families; in children with dental calculus or bleeding gums and in those who reported discomfort while brushing. Living in towns with fluoridated tap water, with low coverage of water supply and with low median income were contextual factors associated with the disease. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of dental caries in Brazilian 12-year-olds was low, according to World Health Organization criteria. There were significant geographical and socioeconomic inequalities in levels of the disease. .


Assuntos
Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Índice CPO , Cálculos Dentários/epidemiologia , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Fluoretação/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice Periodontal , Prevalência , Pigmentação da Pele , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana
19.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-724193

RESUMO

Objetivo: Avaliar, sob a ótica de gestores / gerentes e profissionais, a qualidade dos Serviços Odontológicos de Urgência (SOU) da cidade do Recife, Brasil. Métodos: A coleta de dados foi por meio de questionários e as análises estatísticas foram do tipo exploratória-descritivo. Resultados: Os aspectos estruturais do serviço foram considerados satisfatórios, bem como evidenciado que há disponibilidade de prontuários, entretanto destaca-se a inexistência de protocolo clínico. Quanto ao perfil de atendimento, de acordo com os profissionais, 87,5% citaram como queixa principal a dor dentária, sendo a abertura coronária o procedimento mais realizado (59,4%). No que tange à referência e contrarreferência, o acesso ao SOU se dá exclusivamente pela demanda espontânea, e há garantia de referência para serviços de maior complexidade. Quanto ao monitoramento e avaliaçÆo do próprio serviço, 66,6% dos gestores desconhecem a existência de metas de produçÆo para avaliaçÆo do SOU, 77,8% nÆo estabelecem e/ou utilizam de mecanismos para avaliar o grau de satisfaçÆo do usuário com o serviço e nÆo sabe se há no Plano Orçamento Anual, metas ou rubricas financeiras ao SOU. ConclusÆo: Os SOU da cidade do Recife/PE, de acordo com informaçães colhidas junto aos gestores e profissionais, cumprem o seu papel de atendimento de urgência...


Objective: To evaluate the quality of Urgent Dental Services Units (UDS) in Recife, PE, Brazil from the point of view of health managers/supervisors and professionals was evaluated. Method: Data collection was undertaken by questionnaires and statistical analyses were exploratory and descriptive.Results: The structural aspects of the UDS were considered satisfactory and clinical files were easily available even though it should be highlighted the lack of clinical protocols. In the opinion of professionals with regard to dental care profile, complaints on toothache were prevalent (87.5%) and coronal access was the most performed procedure (59.4%). As far as reference and counter-reference are concerned, exclusively spontaneous demand characterized the access of the population to the UDS. There is a reference guarantee for services of higher complexity. With regards to follow up and evaluation of the services, 66.6% of the managers are not aware of productivity targets for UDS evaluation and 77.8% do not establish or use mechanisms to evaluate the level of users? satisfaction with regard to the services offered at the units. Neither do they know whether there are targets or financial assets in the UDS Annual Budget Plan.Conclusion: According to information collected from managers/supervisors and professionals, the UDS of the city of Recife comply with their role in urgent dental care...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/métodos , Atenção à Saúde , Gestor de Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Protocolos Clínicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Rev Saude Publica ; 47 Suppl 3: 40-9, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24626580

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and severity of dental caries in Brazilian children and the association with individual and contextual factors. METHODS: Data were taken from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil 2010) a sample of 7,247 12-year-olds. The data were collected using clinical examinations and interviews. The dependent variables were the prevalence of dental caries (decayed, missing and filled teeth [DMFT] ≥ 1 and DMFT ≥ 4). Bivariate (Rao Scott test) and multivariate (Poisson regression) analyses were carried out. The individual variables were sociodemographic variables, periodontal health and reporting discomfort while brushing. Contextual factors were the presence of water fluoridation, the percentage of residences connected to the water supply and median income of the municipality. RESULTS: The prevalence of DMFT ≥ 1 was 56.0%. Mean DMFT was 2.04 (95%CI 1.76;2.31) and 22.2% of children had DMFT ≥ 4. Caries experience was significantly more common in children with black, brown or yellow skin; in low-income families; in children with dental calculus or bleeding gums and in those who reported discomfort while brushing. Living in towns with fluoridated tap water, with low coverage of water supply and with low median income were contextual factors associated with the disease. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of dental caries in Brazilian 12-year-olds was low, according to World Health Organization criteria. There were significant geographical and socioeconomic inequalities in levels of the disease.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Índice CPO , Cálculos Dentários/epidemiologia , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Fluoretação/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Índice Periodontal , Prevalência , Pigmentação da Pele , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana
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