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AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 207(4): 773-777, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27351235


OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the present study were to estimate the frequency of epipericardial fat necrosis among patients undergoing chest CT for chest pain and to compare the clinical and laboratory data between patients with epipericardial fat necrosis and control subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 7463 chest CT studies performed in the emergency department from July 2011 to December 2014 was conducted to collect data regarding patient demographic characteristics and CT findings. Twenty patients who had epipericardial fat necrosis diagnosed were defined as the main patient group. An age- and sex-matched control group was selected from patients with chest pain who underwent chest CT during the same period. Linear regression models were used to assess data, and statistical significance was expressed as p values and 95% CIs. RESULTS: We found that the frequency of epipericardial fat necrosis was 2.15% among patients who underwent chest CT for chest pain. Epipericardial fat necrosis was statistically significantly associated with a lack of medication use (p = 0.01; 95% CI, -3.33 to -0.40) and the absence of other symptoms (p = 0.005; 95% CI, -5.83 to -1.27). Epipericardial fat necrosis was most often observed as an ovoid lesion with mixed fat attenuation with little stranding in the left paracardiac region accompanied by pleural effusion. CONCLUSION: Epipericardial fat necrosis is a significant clinical condition. For patients seen in the emergency department with isolated acute chest pain but no additional clinical history, no medication history, and normal laboratory results, chest CT is recommended to support a diagnosis of epipericardial fat necrosis.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 12: 65, 2012 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22898311


BACKGROUND: Although the release of cardiac biomarkers after percutaneous (PCI) or surgical revascularization (CABG) is common, its prognostic significance is not known. Questions remain about the mechanisms and degree of correlation between the release, the volume of myocardial tissue loss, and the long-term significance. Delayed-enhancement of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) consistently quantifies areas of irreversible myocardial injury. To investigate the quantitative relationship between irreversible injury and cardiac biomarkers, we will evaluate the extent of irreversible injury in patients undergoing PCI and CABG and relate it to postprocedural modifications in cardiac biomarkers and long-term prognosis. METHODS/DESIGN: The study will include 150 patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) with left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) and a formal indication for CABG; 50 patients will undergo CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB); 50 patients with the same arterial and ventricular condition indicated for myocardial revascularization will undergo CABG without CPB; and another 50 patients with CAD and preserved ventricular function will undergo PCI using stents. All patients will undergo CMR before and after surgery or PCI. We will also evaluate the release of cardiac markers of necrosis immediately before and after each procedure. Primary outcome considered is overall death in a 5-year follow-up. Secondary outcomes are levels of CK-MB isoenzyme and I-Troponin in association with presence of myocardial fibrosis and systolic left ventricle dysfunction assessed by CMR. DISCUSSION: The MASS-V Trial aims to establish reliable values for parameters of enzyme markers of myocardial necrosis in the absence of manifest myocardial infarction after mechanical interventions. The establishments of these indices have diagnostic value and clinical prognosis and therefore require relevant and different therapeutic measures. In daily practice, the inappropriate use of these necrosis markers has led to misdiagnosis and therefore wrong treatment. The appearance of a more sensitive tool such as CMR provides an unprecedented diagnostic accuracy of myocardial damage when correlated with necrosis enzyme markers. We aim to correlate laboratory data with imaging, thereby establishing more refined data on the presence or absence of irreversible myocardial injury after the procedure, either percutaneous or surgical, and this, with or without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass.

Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Troponina I/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Fibrose , Cardiopatias/sangue , Cardiopatias/patologia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Stents , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda