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1.
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis ; 96(2): 114900, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859023

RESUMO

This study used whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and PFGE to analysis KPC-2-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae strains from clinical specimens collected in Brazilian hospitals. The study identifies the emergence of a novel small IncX3 plasmid (pKPB11), 12,757-bp in length, in a high-risk K. pneumoniae ST11/CG258 lineage, a successful clonal group in Brazil, carrying the blaKPC-2 gene on a non-Tn4401 genetic element (NTEKPC-Ic). Comparative analysis of the pKPB11 showed that this plasmid reduced its size, losing part of its conjugation apparatus. The pKPB11 was also compared to another strain sequenced in this study (KPC89) that had the hybrid IncX3-IncU plasmid (pKP89), of approximately 45 kb in length, similarly carrying the blaKPC-2 gene on NTEKPC-Ic. To the best of our knowledge, pKPB11 is the first example of small IncX3 plasmid found in a high-risk KPC-2-producing K. pneumoniae ST11/CG258.

2.
J Strength Cond Res ; 34(1): 270-280, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877120

RESUMO

Silva, FCd, Iop, RdR, Andrade, A, Costa, VP, Gutierres Filho, PJB, and Silva, Rd. Effects of physical exercise on the expression of microRNAs: A systematic review 34(1): 270-280, 2020-Studies have detected changes in the expression of miRNAs after physical exercise, which brings new insight into the molecular control of adaptation to exercise. Therefore, the objective of the current systematic review of experimental and quasiexperimental studies published in the past 10 years was to assess evidence related to acute effects, chronic effects, and both acute and chronic effects of physical exercise on miRNA expression in humans, as well as its functions, evaluated in serum, plasma, whole blood, saliva, or muscle biopsy. For this purpose, the following electronic databases were selected: MEDLINE by Pubmed, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and also a manual search in references of the selected articles to April 2017. Experimental and quasiexperimental studies were included. Results indicate that, of the 345 studies retrieved, 40 studies met the inclusion criteria and two articles were included as a result of the manual search. The 42 studies were analyzed, and it can be observed acute and chronic effects of physical exercises (aerobic and resistance) on the expression of several miRNAs in healthy subjects, athletes, young, elderly and in patients with congestive heart failure, chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus type 2 associated with morbid obesity, prediabetic, and patients with intermittent claudication. It is safe to assume that miRNA changes, both in muscle tissues and bodily fluids, are presumably associated with the benefits induced by acute and chronic physical exercise. Thus, a better understanding of changes in miRNAs as a response to physical exercise might contribute to the development of miRNAs as therapeutic targets for the improvement of exercise capacity in individuals with any given disease. However, additional studies are necessary to draw accurate conclusions.

3.
Braz Dent J ; 30(6): 599-606, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800755

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the subcutaneous connective tissue response of isogenic mice after implantation of different glass ionomer-based cements (EQUIA® Forte Fil, EQUIA® Fil and Ketac™ Universal Aplicap™). Eighty-seven isogenic BALB/c mice were allocated in 12 groups, 9 were considered as experimental groups (Ketac, E. Fil and E. Forte at 7, 21 and 63 days) and 3 controls (empty polyethylene tubes at 7, 21 and 63 days). After the experimental periods, the subcutaneous connective tissue surrounding the implanted material was removed and subjected to histotechnical processing and staining with hematoxylin and eosin. A histopathological description of the tissue reaction surrounding each material and a semi-quantitative analysis of collagen fiber formation and inflammatory infiltrate were performed. Additionally, the thickness of the granulomatous tissue in contact with each material was measured. Data were analyzed statistically (α=0.05) by the Kruskal-Wallis test, followed by Dunn post-test. Initially, the collagen fiber formation was not different among all the tested materials (p>0.05) but was different at 21 days with the control group presenting the most advanced stage of collagen fiber formation. At 63 days, EQUIA® Forte Fil group showed the most advanced stage of collagen fiber formation, compared to EQUIA® Fil group (p<0.05). The inflammatory infiltrate was not different among the tested materials in any experimental period (p>0.05). The thickness of the granulomatous tissue was greater in the E. Forte group, compared to control in all periods. All glass ionomer-based cements showed tissue compatibility, according to the evaluated parameters.

4.
Dent Mater ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806496

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A bovine dense hydroxyapatite ceramic (HA) was produced as new biomaterial, however, the production of a material with consistently high flexural strength remains challenging. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of ZnO nanoparticles, TiO2 nanoparticles, and TiO2 nanotubes (1%, 2%, and 5% by weight) on the microstructure and flexural strength of a bovine dense hydroxyapatite ceramic (HA). METHODS: Discs (Ø=12.5mm; thickness=1.3mm) were prepared and subjected to X-ray diffraction (XRD), and observation with a field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), biaxial flexural strength (BFS) testing, and Vickers hardness (VH) testing. The BFS and VH data were subjected to ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc tests (α=0.05) and Weibull analysis. RESULTS: The XRD showed that the addition of nanomaterials caused the formation of a secondary phase when 5% of the ZnO nanoparticles was used, or when all percentages of the TiO2 nanoparticles/nanotubes were used, and the HA crystallographic planes were maintained. Differences were not observed between the higher BFS values obtained with pure HA and those obtained with the 5% addition of TiO2 nanoparticles. However, the results were different compared with the other groups (α=0.05). The results obtained by Weibull analysis revealed that the 1%, 2%, and 5% addition of TiO2 nanotubes, and the 1% and 2% addition of TiO2 nanoparticles decreased the HA characteristic strength (σ0), while the Weibull modulus (m) increased when 5% of TiO2 nanoparticles, 1% and 2% of ZnO nanoparticles, and 2% of TiO2 nanoparticles were added, but with no statistical difference from the pure HA. The 5% addition of ZnO2 nanoparticles decreased the σ0 without changing m. Moreover, the 5% addition of TiO2 nanoparticles resulted in an m closest to that of pure HA. Regarding the VH results, the blend of HA with 1% and 2% addition of TiO2 nanoparticles exhibited the higher values, which were similar between the different addition ratios (p=0.102). Moreover, the addition of 5% TiO2 nanoparticles resulted in higher value compared with pure HA. SIGNIFICANCE: This study demonstrated that the HA blend with 5% of TiO2 nanoparticles has the greatest potential as a bovine HA dense bioceramic reinforcement.

5.
Anaerobe ; 61: 102140, 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838319

RESUMO

Porphyromonas gingivalis is a keystone pathogen in periodontitis. Analysis of the immunogenicity of its virulence factors may provide insight into the host response to this infection. The Kgp12 (IEDB Epitope ID 763561), an epitope of Lys-gingipain (Kgp) virulence factor from P. gingivalis ATCC 33277, elicits an immunoglobulin G (IgG) immunoreactivity with low cross-reactivity and, therefore, more specificity. The aim of the present study was to determine in silico the localization of Kgp12 within the protein and to evaluate the IgG host response to this novel Kgp peptide through its capacity to differentiate individuals with different periodontal status. Sera of 71 volunteers were tested by indirect ELISA to detect the IgG immunoreactivity specific to Kgp12, as well as to the protein HmuY and to the sonicated total extract of P. gingivalis ATCC33277, both used as gold standard. The participants had no systemic disease and were classified according to periodontal clinical parameters to comparison, firstly, into periodontitis (P) and without periodontitis (WP) groups and, secondly, into periodontitis (P), gingivitis (G) and clinically health (CH) ones. All the antigens tested, Kgp12 (p = 0.02), HmuY (p = 0.00) and P. gingivalis extract (p = 0.03), could differentiate P from WP groups considering IgG serum levels. P group also had higher IgG levels specific to Kgp12 (p = 0.03), HmuY (p < 0.01) and P. gingivalis extract (p = 0.01) when compared to G group. We conclude that the Kgp12 synthetic peptide was useful to detect the IgG-mediated host response signaling that it is a promising epitope to analyze the immunogenicity of P. gingivalis.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868196

RESUMO

High-crystallinity rare earth (RE) vanadate nanoparticles doped with Tm3+, Er3+ or Ho3+ combine multiple emissions in red, green, and blue under dual UV/NIR excitation, promoting high performance self-referenced luminescence thermometry. Due to their very high chemical and thermal stability, these versatile single-phase compositions allow optical thermal sensing from cryogenic (77 K) to moderately high (673 K) temperatures with high reproducibility and low temperature uncertainty. Hence, these nanomaterials operate as optical thermometers in a very broad temperature range (∼600 K), owing to the availability of twelve emission intensity ratios for thermometry. The (Y,Yb,Tm,Er)VO4 powders showed temperature-dependent emission colours from yellow (77 K) to green (333 K) to red (673 K), with one of the highest thermal relative sensitivities reported so far for both upconversion (7.4% K-1) and downshift (2.7% K-1) nanothermometry with inorganic nanoparticles. The stability of the particles also allowed dual luminescence thermometry in aqueous colloids, which showed sensitive and stable thermometric behaviour. In addition, we also discussed the temperature variability against the NIR excitation power in colloids as an additional figure of merit to quantify the reliability of the thermometric response. In summary, our results confirmed that REVO4 with multiple emissions and UV/NIR excitability provide stable, reproducible, and sensitive temperature measurements, giving rise to an optically versatile tool for luminescence nanothermometry.

8.
Nutrients ; 11(11)2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739503

RESUMO

Children are in the risk group for developing hypovitaminosis D. Several strategies are used to reduce this risk. Among these, fortification of foods with vitamin D (25(OH)D) has contributed to the achievement of nutritional needs. This systematic review aims to discuss food fortification as a strategy for maintenance or recovery of nutritional status related to vitamin D in children. The work was developed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and registered in the International prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO) database (CRD42018052974). Randomized clinical trials with children up to 11 years old, who were offered vitamin D-fortified foods, and who presented 25(OH)D concentrations were used as eligibility criteria. After the selection stages, five studies were included, totaling 792 children of both sexes and aged between two and 11 years. Interventions offered 300-880 IU of vitamin D per day, for a period of 1.6-9 months, using fortified dairy products. In four of the five studies, there was an increase in the serum concentrations of 25(OH)D with the consumption of these foods; additionally, most children reached or maintained sufficiency status. Moreover, the consumption of vitamin D-fortified foods proved to be safe, with no concentrations of 25(OH)D > 250 nmol/L. Based on the above, the fortification of foods with vitamin D can help maintain or recover the nutritional status of this vitamin in children aged 2-11 years. However, it is necessary to perform additional randomized clinical trials in order to establish optimal doses of fortification, according to the peculiarities of each region.

9.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 11(11): e1012-e1017, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700575

RESUMO

Background: After dental bleaching procedures dentists commonly advise patients to reduce the consumption of beverages that may cause the teeth to stain, however, the effectiveness of teeth whitening may not be directly affected by diet. Material and Methods: It was evaluated through in vitro study whether contact with dyes through in-office bleaching sessions with 35% hydrogen peroxide would influence the effectiveness of treatment. Sixty bovine incisors were randomly assigned into 5 groups (n = 12) according to contact frequency and type of dye solutions. All dental elements received three in-office bleaching sessions with 35% hydrogen peroxide one week apart. Except for GCTRL (control), all experimental groups were submerged in dyes (coffee or wine) for 5 min once a day. In groups GC24 and GW24 contact with the dyes was made from 24 hours after each bleaching session, while in groups GC72 and GW72, from 72 hours. The color was measured with a digital spectrophotometer. Data were expressed as statistics: mean and standard deviation. Results: Contact with dyes during in-office bleaching treatment with 35% hydrogen peroxide did not influence the staining averages after three bleaching sessions. The speed of the whitening effect was influenced by contact with coffee from 24 hours after the sessions and with wine from 24 hours and 72 hours after the whitening session. The whitening result was reversed after one week for all groups, especially for groups that came in contact with red wine either 24 hours or 72 hours after session and coffee after 24 hours. Conclusions: Contact with dyes during in-office bleaching treatment did not influence the final staining averages after three bleaching sessions although there was influence on speed of the whitening effect between the sessions. Key words:Tooth bleaching, hydrogen peroxide, spectrophotometry.

10.
Oral Dis ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715080

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the recent scientific literature addressing the association between periodontitis and asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and pneumonia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search for studies was carried out using MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, Lilacs, Web of Science, Scopus, and SciELO databases, including the gray literature (ProQuest). Reference lists of selected articles were also searched. Studies having varying epidemiological designs assessing the association between periodontitis and respiratory diseases in human subjects were eligible for inclusion. Three independent reviewers performed the selection of articles and data extraction. Fixed and random effects meta-analysis were performed for the calculation of the association measurements (Odds Ratio-OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: A total of 3,234 records were identified in the database search, with only 13 studies meeting the eligibility criteria and 10 studies contributed data for meta-analysis. Using a random effects models periodontitis was associated with asthma: ORadjusted: 3.54 (95% CI: 2.47-5.07), I2  = 0%; with COPD: OR adjusted: 1.78 (95% CI: 1.04-3.05), I2  = 37.9%; and with pneumonia: OR adjusted: 3.21 (95% CI: 1.997-5.17), I2  = 0%. CONCLUSIONS: The main findings of this systematic review validated an association between periodontitis and asthma, COPD and pneumonia.

11.
Ann Pharmacother ; : 1060028019886846, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718244

RESUMO

Background: Current evidence of the influence of the medication regimen complexity (MRC) on the patients' clinical outcomes are not conclusive. Objective: To systematically and analytically assess the association between MRC measured by the Medication Regimen Complexity Index (MRCI) and clinical outcomes. Methods: A search was carried out in the databases Cochrane Library, LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Open Thesis, and Web of Science to identify studies evaluating the association between MRC and clinical outcomes that were published from January 1, 2004, to April 2, 2018. The search terms included outcome assessment, drug therapy, and medication regimen complexity index and their synonyms in different combinations for case-control and cohort studies that used the MRCI to measure MRC and related the MRCI with clinical outcomes. Odds ratios (ORs), hazard ratios (HRs), and mean differences (WMDs) were calculated, and heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 test. Results: A total of 12 studies met the eligibility criteria. The meta-analysis showed that MRC is associated with the following clinical outcomes: hospitalization (HR = 1.20; 95% CI = 1.14 to 1.27;I2 = 0%) in cohort studies, hospital readmissions (WMD = 7.72; 95% CI = 1.19 to 14.25; I2 = 84%) in case-control studies, and medication nonadherence (adjusted OR = 1.05; 95% CI = 1.02 to 1.07; I2 = 0%) in cohort studies. Conclusion and Relevance: This systematic review and meta-analysis gathered relevant scientific evidence and quantified the combined estimates to show the association of MRC with clinical outcomes: hospitalization, hospital readmission, and medication adherence.

12.
Arch Oral Biol ; 110: 104595, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733583

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of SB-20 M culture medium to perform differential morphological identification of S. mutans and S. sobrinus compared to biochemical identification and to proteomic identification by the MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Unstimulated saliva samples from 266 dental students were seeded on SB-20 M culture medium by the wooden spatula technique. After incubation, S. mutans and S. sobrinus colonies were identified by stereomicroscopy based on their differential morphological characteristics. Following these procedures, 135 colonies with characteristic morphology of S. mutans (89 colonies) and S. sobrinus (46 colonies) were randomly selected, submitted to biochemical identification (biotyping) and proteomic identification by the MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry technique. The results were compared using the Kappa test, with a 5% significance level. RESULTS: All (100%) S. mutans colonies were correctly identified after culture in SB-20 M medium compared to biotyping and proteomic identification. For S. sobrinus, morphological identification in SB-20 M medium was correct for 43 colonies (93.5%) compared to biotyping and proteomic identification. However, there was no statistically significant difference when comparing the capacity to identify S. mutans and S. sobrinus of the three techniques (p < 0.001; K = 0.951). CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that the SB-20 M culture medium for morphological identification of S. mutans and S. sobrinus was highly reliable, being comparable to the MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry technique. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The efficiency evaluation of identification methods of S. mutans and S. sobrinus is clinically relevant in order to determine caries risk and activity of patients.

13.
J Parasit Dis ; 43(4): 730-732, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749546

RESUMO

The presence of Onchocerca guturosa in cattle is responsible for lesions similar to those observed in cases suspected of brucellosis, however, Onchocerca sp. is not a trade barrier, although it is also responsible for economic losses due to the removal of the affected parts of the carcasses. Brucella sp. is a zoonotic agent transmitted to humans through the consumption of contaminated animal products, the contact with infected animals and the handling of carcasses. This agent is also responsible for non-tariff trade barriers. Cervical bursitis is Brucella sp. suggestive lesions in bovine carcasses that requires laboratory tests to confirm the diagnosis. The objective of this study was to record the co-infection of Brucella abortus and Onchocerca sp. as a first report of co-infection of these two agents in the same lesion. The sample constituted of a nuchal bursitis in the cervical ligament, a suggestive lesion common to these two agents, submitted to histopathology and Brucella spp. isolation in the Brucellosis reference laboratory of the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply. Brucellosis serological diagnosis were also performed in the animal's serum sample. B. abortus was isolated from the lesion and filarid nematode structures were identified in histopathology. All serological tests were positive for brucellosis. Further studies are needed, however, to understand the co-infection by Onchocerca sp. and B. abortus.

14.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593607

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the efficacy of treatment using a minimally invasive approach (selective removal of carious tissue, restoration and preventive strategies) in immature permanent molars with MIH. DESIGN: A total of 281 patients, aged 6-8 years, with carious lesions (ICDAS 5-6), severe MIH, and incomplete root formation (one tooth/patient) were included. After clinical and radiographic examinations, selective carious tissue removal was performed, and the teeth received interim restoration for 6 months and were then restored with composite resin. Clinical and radiographic follow-up was undertaken, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. A protocol of preventive oral care measures was established and repeated at each follow-up, including diet counselling, oral hygiene instruction, dental plaque control, and topical application of fluoride varnish containing CPP-ACP. All clinical procedures and evaluations were done by a single operator. RESULTS: Clinical and radiographic success was observed 24 months after treatment in 96.8% of the cases. Failures were due to enamel fracture at restoration margins, resulting in pulpitis and absence of apex closure. CONCLUSION: Selective removal of carious tissue, interim, and subsequently definitive restoration, combined with home and professional preventive measures, maintained marginal integrity of restorations in immature permanent molars with severe MIH, confirmed by pulp vitality and occurrence of apexogenesis.

15.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180476, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596364

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Miniscrew has been frequently used, considering that anchorage control is a critical point in orthodontic treatment, and its failure, the main adverse problem. Using two groups of stable (successful) and unstable (failed) mini-implants, this in vivo study aimed to quantify proinflammatory cytokines IL-1 α, IL-6, IL-17, and TNF-α and osteoclastogenesis marker RANK, RANKL, and OPG in gingival tissue, using the real-time polymerase chain reaction technique. METHODOLOGY: Thirteen patients of both sexes (11-49 years old) under orthodontic treatment were selected, obtaining 11 successful and 7 failed mini-implants. The mini-implants were placed and removed by the same surgeon, in both jaws. The mean time of permanence in the mouth was 29.4 months for successful and 7.6 months for failed mini-implants. At removal time, peri-mini-implant gingival tissue samples were collected and processed for quantification of the proinflammatory cytokines and osteoclastogenesis markers. Nonparametric Wilcoxon rank-sum test considering the clusters and Kruskal-Wallis test were used for statistical analysis (α=0.05). RESULTS: No significant difference (p>0.05) was observed between the groups for either quantification of cytokines or osteoclastogenesis markers, except for IL-6 (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: It may be concluded that the expression of IL-1α, IL-17, TNF-α, RANK, RANKL, and OPG in peri-implant gingival tissue were not determinant for mini-implant stability loss, but the higher IL-6 expression could be associated with mini-implant failure.


Assuntos
Citocinas/análise , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Gengivite/patologia , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica/efeitos adversos , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Peri-Implantite/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Perda do Osso Alveolar , Biomarcadores/análise , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoprotegerina/análise , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Cad Saude Publica ; 35(10): e00145418, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596399

RESUMO

The study aimed to investigate the short-term association between air pollution and emergency treatments for respiratory diseases in children 0 to 6 years of age. This was an ecological space-time study in Greater Metropolitan Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. A Poisson regression general additive model (GAM) used the number of daily treatments for respiratory diseases as the dependent variable, and the independent variables were daily concentrations of air pollutants (PM10, SO2, NO2, O3, and CO), temperature, humidity, and precipitation. Average daily concentrations were used to make estimates for the entire metropolitan area and in loco analyses considering children residing in a 2km radius around 8 air quality monitoring stations. An increase of 10µg/m3 in the concentration of air pollutants increased the risk of emergency treatment for respiratory disease. In the overall area, for PM10, the increase was 2.43%, 2.73%, and 3.29% in the cumulative values at 5, 6, and 7 days, respectively. For SO2, the increase was 4.47% on the day of exposure, 5.26% two days later, and 6.47%, 8.8%, 8.76%, and 7.09% for the cumulative values at days 2, 3, 4, and 5 days, respectively. CO showed a significant association for residents around two stations, and O3 for only one. Even within the limits set by the World Health Organization, the pollutants PM10, SO2, NO2, and O3 are associated with increased risk of treatment for respiratory diseases in children 0 to 6 years of age, and some effects were only identified when disaggregating by neighborhood, i.e., in loco, which allows capturing greater variation in the data.

17.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e092, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576904

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) on the endodontic treatment of apical periodontitis (AP). AP was induced in 48 premolars of 6 dogs. After biomechanical preparation, the teeth were divided into 4 groups: Calcium-Hydroxide (CH)/120d and CH/180d: root canals filled with CH-based dressing for 15 days before obturation; aPDT/120d and aPDT/180d: conditioning with phenothiazine photosensitizer (10 mg/mL) for 1 minute and irradiation with diode laser in the same session as obturation. Root filling was performed with AH Plus sealer. After the experimental periods, animals were euthanized and teeth were submitted for histology. HE staining was performed for descriptive analysis of the periapical region, measurement of apical periodontitis and for inflammatory cells, and blood vessels count. Immunohistochemistry was performed for osteopontin (OPN) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Data were analyzed statistically by two-way ANOVA and chi-square test (α = 5%). Teeth in Group CH/120d presented only a slightly enlarged periodontal ligament (PL) with advanced repair. Group aPDT/120d presented the PL moderately enlarged, with moderate inflammatory infiltrate and few collagen fibers. The same pattern was observed at 180 days. AP lesions in CH-treated groups were smaller than those in aPDT-treated groups (p < 0.001) with more blood vessels (p < 0.0001), regardless of the evaluation period, without significant differences in the number of inflammatory cells (p > 0.05). CH-treated groups showed significantly more intense immunostaining for ALP and OPN (p < 0.001) in both periods. Although aPDT stimulated angiogenesis and expression of bone formation markers, the two-session endodontic treatment with CH-based dressing promoted better apical periodontitis repair.


Assuntos
Cimentos para Ossos/uso terapêutico , Hidróxido de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Periodontite Periapical/tratamento farmacológico , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Animais , Vasos Sanguíneos/efeitos dos fármacos , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Periodontite Periapical/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Acta Odontol Scand ; : 1-8, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646926

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate if temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are associated with genetic polymorphisms in ESR1 and ESR2, which are genes encoding oestrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and beta (ERß). Also, we included an animal model to check if ERα and ERß are expressed in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) during adolescence. Materials and methods: A total of 139 teenagers and 93 adults were diagnosed according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMDs). The DNA was collected and the markers ESR1 and ERS2 were genotyped. Additionally, immunohistochemistry was performed in TMJ tissues from female Wistar rats during puberty. All data were submitted to statistical analysis with confidence interval of 95%. Results: Teenagers presented more disc displacement and arthralgia than adults (p < .05). The genetic polymorphism rs1256049 in ESR2 was associated with disc displacement (p = .040; OR = 10.50/95%CI 1.17-98.74) and arthralgia (p = .036; OR = 7.20/95%CI 1.10-46.88) in adults. The ERα and ERß are expressed in rat TMJ tissues. Conclusions: We provide evidence that ESR2 is associated with TMD and could be a genetic marker for this condition in adult women. Furthermore, oestrogens receptors are presented in TMJ of adolescent female rats.

19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 588-595, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1042049

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of triclosan-coated suture for the reduction of infection in saphenectomy wounds of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Methods: A total of 508 patients who underwent saphenectomy in CABG surgery were included in a prospective, randomized, double-blind trial from February/2011 to June/2014. Patients were randomized into the triclosan-coated suture group (n= 251) and the conventional non-antibiotic suture group (n=257). Demographic (gender and age), clinical (body mass index, diabetes, and use of analgesics), and intraoperative (cardiopulmonary bypass and cross-clamp times) variables and those related to the saphenectomy wound (pain, dehiscence, erythema, infection, necrosis, and hyperthermia) were measured and analyzed. Results: Of the 508 patients who underwent saphenectomy, 69.9% were males and 40.2% were diabetic. Thirty-three (6.5%) patients presented infection: 13 (5.3%) with triclosan and 20 (7.9%) with conventional suture (P=0.281). Among diabetic patients (n=204), triclosan suture was used in 45.1% with four cases of infection; conventional suture was used in 54.9% of them, with 11 cases of infection. Most patients (94.3%) underwent on-pump CABG. Wound pain was observed in 9.9% of patients with triclosan-coated suture and in 17.9% with conventional suture (P=0.011). Wound hyperthermia was found in 1.6% of patients with triclosan-coated suture and in 5.4% of those with conventional suture (P=0.028). Conclusion: Triclosan-coated suture shows lower infection rate in saphenectomy of patients undergoing CABG, although the differences were not statistically significant. Pain and wound hyperthermia were less frequent in patients with triclosan-coated sutures compared with conventional sutures.

20.
J Forensic Leg Med ; 68: 101869, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557628

RESUMO

The cadaveric alterations that derive from the decomposition of the human body are often investigated and examined in medical autopsies together with any other evidence of thanatological interest. This study aimed to systematically review case-specific characteristics of dental autopsies that reported the pink tooth phenomenon (PTP). The review was performed in October/2018 and followed PRISMA and Cochrane guidelines. Seven databases were searched as primary study sources (PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, SciELO, Web of Science, Science Direct and Embase) and three (OATD, Open Grey and Open Thesis) were searched for "grey literature". Only descriptive studies were collected, namely case reports and case series. The risk of bias among the studies was assessed with The Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal tool. From each case, the sex and age of the victims were registered, together with the place of body recovery, time of death, cadaveric status, cause of death, and number and position of pink teeth. Additionally, a supplemental quantitative analysis was conducted within a sampled subgroup. Poisson regression with robust variance was used to analyze relative risks of presenting pink teeth according to age and tooth position. Eleven studies out of 1004 were eligible. In total 71 cases of cadavers with pink teeth were reported. Two (2.81%) victims had unknown sex, while 17 (23.95%) were females and 52 (73.24%) were males. The victims were aged between 4 and 85 years (mean age 31.13 ±â€¯13.32). Dental autopsies registered 331 pink teeth (163 anterior, 87 premolars and 81 molars). The age did not influence on presenting an additional pink tooth, regardless of tooth position (p > 0.05). Forensic dentists must be aware of pink teeth in dental autopsies. This is an unspecific phenomenon and must not be misinterpreted in medico-legal investigations.

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