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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728169

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: immunotherapy (IT), including checkpoint inhibitors (CIs) and Chimeric Antigen Receptor T cell therapy (CAR-T) revolutionized the treatment of relapsing or refractory (r/r) lymphoma. Several preliminary experiences evaluated concomitant administration of radiotherapy and IT. METHODS: we performed a systematic review of current literature as of March 30, 2020. A total of 1090 records was retrieved, 42 articles were selected on the basis of title and abstract and, after the removal of analyses with no original data or insufficient clinical information, 28 papers were included in the review. RESULTS: previous studies were mostly represented by case reports/series or small cohorts. Nonetheless, combination of radiotherapy and CIs or CAR-T led to promising outcomes, resulting in extremely high rates of complete response and improving progression free and overall survival compared with data from recent clinical trials. Combination of RT and CIs had a fair toxicity profile with no reports of severe side effects. Within the limits of the small cohorts retrieved, RT seems a superior option compared with systemic treatment as a 'bridge' to CAR-T and could as well reduce severe complications rates. Radiotherapy could elicit immune response against lymphoma, as demonstrated by multiple cases of abscopal effect and its inclusion in anti-neoplastic vaccines protocols. CONCLUSION: The results of this review warrant the evaluation of combination of RT and immunotherapy in larger and preferably prospective and randomized cohorts to confirm these preliminary impressive outcomes. The optimal dose, fractionation and timing of RT still have to be clarified.

3.
Blood Adv ; 5(21): 4504-4514, 2021 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597375

RESUMO

The role of consolidation radiotherapy (RT) for bulky lesions is controversial in patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma who achieve complete metabolic response (CMR) after doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine (ABVD)-based chemotherapy. We present the final results of the Fondazione Italiana Linfomi HD0801 trial, which investigated the potential benefit of RT in that setting. In this phase 3 randomized study, patients with a bulky lesion at baseline (a mass with largest diameter ≥5 cm) who have CMR after 2 and 6 ABVD cycles were randomly assigned 1:1 to RT vs observation (OBS) with a primary endpoint of event-free survival (EFS) at 2 years. The sample size was calculated estimating an EFS improvement for RT of 20% (from 60% to 80%). The secondary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). One hundred sixteen patients met the inclusion criteria and were randomly assigned to RT or OBS. Intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis showed a 2-year EFS of 87.8% vs 85.8% for RT vs OBS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.6-3.5; P = .34). At 2 years, ITT-PFS was 91.3% vs 85.8% (HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 0.5-3; P = .7). Patients in CMR randomly assigned to OBS had a good outcome, and the primary end point of a 20% benefit in EFS for RT was not met. However, the sample size was underpowered to detect a benefit of 10% or less, keeping open the question of a potential, more limited role of RT in this setting. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00784537.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bleomicina , Dacarbazina/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/radioterapia , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Vimblastina/uso terapêutico
4.
Front Oncol ; 11: 744956, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650927

RESUMO

Introduction: For unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the standard therapy consists of chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by durvalumab maintenance for responding patients. The present study reports on the safety and outcome of durvalumab use after CRT in a real-world, multicenter, retrospective cohort. Methods: Two hundred thirty-eight patients have been included. We collected data on systemic therapy, radiation therapy, the timing between CRT and durvalumab, number of durvalumab cycles, reasons for non-starting or discontinuation, incidence and grade of adverse events (AEs), and progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: One hundred fifty-five patients out of 238 (65.1%) received at least one durvalumab dose: 91 (58.7%) after concomitant CRT (cCRT) and 64 (41.3%) after sequential CRT (sCRT). Programmed-death ligand 1 (PD-L1) status was unknown in 7/155 (4.5%), negative in 14 (9.1%), and positive ≥1% in 134/155 (86.4%). The main reasons for non-starting durvalumab were progression (10.1%), PD-L1 negativity (7.5%), and lung toxicity (4.6%). Median follow-up time was 14 months (range 2-29); 1-year PFS and OS were 83.5% (95%CI: 77.6-89.7) and 97.2% (95%CI: 94.6-99.9), respectively. No significant differences in PFS or OS were detected for cCRT vs. sCRT, but the median PFS was 13.5 months for sCRT vs. 23 months for cCRT. Potentially immune-related AEs were recorded in 76/155 patients (49.0%). Pneumonitis was the most frequent, leading to discontinuation in 11/155 patients (7.1%). Conclusions: Durvalumab maintenenace after concurrent or sequential chemoradiation for unresectable, stage III NSCLC showed very promising short-term survival results in a large, multicenter, restrospective, real-world study. Durvalumab was the first drug obtaining a survival benefit over CRT within the past two decades, and the present study contributes to validating its use in clinical practice.

5.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 13: 17588359211025872, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527079

RESUMO

Background: Nutritional support, including nutritional counseling and oral nutritional supplements (ONSs), has been recommended at the earliest opportunity in head and neck (H&N) cancer patients. The limited available evidence on the efficacy of immunonutrition during chemoradiotherapy (CT-RT) in H&N cancer patients is positive with regard to some secondary endpoints, but is still scanty, particularly with regard to toxicity and treatment tolerance. We hypothesize that early systematic provision of ONSs with a high-protein-high-calorie mixture containing immunonutrients (Impact) compared to standard high-calorie-high-protein nutritional blends, in addition to nutritional counseling, may be beneficial to patients with H&N cancer during CT-RT. Hence, we designed the present study to evaluate the efficacy, in terms of treatment tolerance, toxicity and response, body weight, body composition, protein-calorie intake, quality of life (QoL), fatigue, muscle strength and immunological profile of the early systematic provision of ONSs enriched in immunonutrients compared to isonitrogenous standard blends, in H&N cancer patients undergoing CT-RT. Methods: This is a pragmatic, bicentric, randomized (1:1), parallel-group, open label, controlled, pilot clinical trial. Discussion: Many efforts are still to be taken to improve the efficacy of nutritional support in oncology. Immunonutrition represents a promising approach also in H&N cancer patients, but the evidence on its efficacy in improving clinical outcomes during CT-RT is still inconclusive. The present pilot study, which guarantees the early provision of nutritional assessment and support to all the enrolled patients in accordance with the recent guidelines and recommendations, could represent one of the first proofs of the clinical effectiveness of early oral immunonutrition in cancer patients undergoing CT-RT and could stimulate further large randomized trials, potentially resulting in the improvement of supportive care quality. Trial registration: This study is registered on ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04611113.

6.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(15)2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34359644

RESUMO

Consolidative radiation therapy for early-stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) improves progression-free survival. Unfortunately, first-generation techniques, relying on large irradiation fields, were associated with an increased risk of secondary cancers, and of cardiac and lung toxicity. Fortunately, the use of smaller target volumes combined with technological advances in treatment techniques currently allows efficient organs-at-risk sparing without altering tumoral control. Recently, proton therapy has been evaluated for mediastinal HL treatment due to its potential to significantly reduce the dose to organs-at-risk, such as cardiac substructures. This is expected to limit late radiation-induced toxicity and possibly, second-neoplasm risk, compared with last-generation intensity-modulated radiation therapy. However, the democratization of this new technique faces multiple issues. Determination of which patient may benefit the most from proton therapy is subject to intense debate. The development of new effective systemic chemotherapy and organizational, societal, and political considerations might represent impediments to the larger-scale implementation of HL proton therapy. Based on the current literature, this critical review aims to discuss current challenges and controversies that may impede the larger-scale implementation of mediastinal HL proton therapy.

7.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(15)2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34359647

RESUMO

Consolidative radiation therapy (RT) is of prime importance for early-stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) management since it significantly increases progression-free survival (PFS). Nevertheless, first-generation techniques, relying on large irradiation fields, delivered significant radiation doses to critical organs-at-risk (OARs, such as the heart, to the lung or the breasts) when treating mediastinal HL; consequently, secondary cancers, and cardiac and lung toxicity were substantially increased. Fortunately, HL RT has drastically evolved and, nowadays, state-of-the-art RT techniques efficiently spare critical organs-at-risks without altering local control or overall survival. Recently, proton therapy has been evaluated for mediastinal HL treatment, due to its possibility to significantly reduce integral dose to OARs, which is expected to limit second neoplasm risk and reduce late toxicity. Nevertheless, clinical experience for this recent technique is still limited worldwide. Based on current literature, this critical review aims to examine the current practice of proton therapy for mediastinal HL irradiation.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445720

RESUMO

Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and aggressive neoplasm of the pleural mesothelium, mainly associated with asbestos exposure and still lacking effective therapies. Modern targeted biological strategies that have revolutionized the therapy of other solid tumors have not had success so far in the MPM. Combination immunotherapy might achieve better results over chemotherapy alone, but there is still a need for more effective therapeutic approaches. Based on the peculiar disease features of MPM, several strategies for local therapeutic delivery have been developed over the past years. The common rationale of these approaches is: (i) to reduce the risk of drug inactivation before reaching the target tumor cells; (ii) to increase the concentration of active drugs in the tumor micro-environment and their bioavailability; (iii) to reduce toxic effects on normal, non-transformed cells, because of much lower drug doses than those used for systemic chemotherapy. The complex interactions between drugs and the local immune-inflammatory micro-environment modulate the subsequent clinical response. In this perspective, the main interest is currently addressed to the development of local drug delivery platforms, both cell therapy and engineered nanotools. We here propose a review aimed at deep investigation of the biologic effects of the current local therapies for MPM, including cell therapies, and the mechanisms of interaction with the tumor micro-environment.


Assuntos
Mesotelioma Maligno/patologia , Mesotelioma Maligno/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Mesotelioma/patologia , Mesotelioma/terapia , Neoplasias Pleurais/patologia , Neoplasias Pleurais/terapia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/patologia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/terapia , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral/fisiologia
9.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 167: 103437, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Secondary malignant neoplasms (SMNs) and cardiovascular diseases induced by chemotherapy and radiotherapy represent the main cause of excess mortality for early-stage Hodgkin lymphoma patients, especially when the mediastinum is involved. Conformal radiotherapy techniques such as Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) could allow a reduction of the dose to the organs-at-risk (OARs) and therefore limit long-term toxicity. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the current literature regarding comparisons between IMRT and conventional photon beam radiotherapy, or between different IMRT techniques, for the treatment of mediastinal lymphoma. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: IMRT allows a substantial reduction of the volumes of OARs exposed to high doses, reducing the risk of long-term toxicity. This benefit is conterbalanced by the increase of volumes receiving low doses, that could potentially increase the risk of SMNs. Treatment planning should be personalized on patient and disease characteristics. Dedicated techniques such as "butterfly" VMAT often provide the best trade-off.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin , Neoplasias do Mediastino , Radioterapia Conformacional , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Doença de Hodgkin/radioterapia , Humanos , Neoplasias do Mediastino/radioterapia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/efeitos adversos
10.
Clin Nutr ; 40(6): 3901-3907, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134007

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Reduced muscle mass represents one of the top ranked phenotypic criteria for malnutrition proposed by the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition. Although height-indexed fat-free mass (FFMI) thresholds have been proposed as useful surrogate measures of reduced muscle mass, the independent prognostic value of BIA-derived FFMI by bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) in patients with cancer still needs to be fully explored. METHODS: Data on body mass index (BMI), 6-month percentage of weight loss (%WL), FFMI by BIA and quality of life (QoL by EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire [EORTC QLQ-C30]) of Italian and German patients observed prospectively until death or censoring were used (N = 1217). Patients were stratified in 5 risk categories according to a robustly validated scoring system based on BMI and %WL. Low FFMI was defined as follows: men, <17 kg/m2; women, <15 kg/m2. RESULTS: Reduced FFMI was found in 234 patients (19.2%). After a median follow-up of 57 months [25th-75th, 31-60], 620 patients (50.9%) had died. The study detected differences in survival between patients presenting with and without reduced FFMI (14.0 months vs. 45.1 months; P < 0.001). The fully-adjusted hazard ratio of mortality for low FFMI was 1.46 [95%CI, 1.18-1.81] (P < 0.001). Low FFMI was also independently associated with reduced QoL: fully-adjusted odds ratio, 1.50 [95%CI, 1.00-2.25] (P = 0.050). CONCLUSIONS: Reduced FFMI by BIA independently predicted survival and was associated with impaired QoL. Altered body composition should always be considered in all patients with cancer as additional phenotypic criterion of poor prognosis and BIA offers the possibility of multiple, noninvasive bedside assessments.

12.
Tumori ; : 3008916211009974, 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33885350

RESUMO

Lombardy has represented the Italian and European epicenter of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Although most clinical efforts within hospitals were diverted towards the care of virally infected patients, therapies for patients with cancer, including radiotherapy (RT), have continued. During both the first and second pandemic waves, several national and regional organizations provided Italian and Lombardian RT departments with detailed guidelines aimed at ensuring safe treatments during the pandemic. The spread of infection among patients and personnel was limited by adopting strict measures, including triage procedures, interpersonal distance, and adequate implementation of personal protective equipment (PPE). Screening procedures addressed to both the healthcare workforce and patients, such as periodic nasopharyngeal swabs, have allowed the early identification of asymptomatic or pauci-symptomatic COVID-19 cases, thus reducing the spread of the infection. Prevention of infection was deemed of paramount importance to protect both patients and personnel and to ensure the availability of a minimum number of staff members to maintain clinical activity. The choice of treating COVID-19-positive patients has represented a matter of debate, and the risk of oncologic progression has been weighted against the risk of infection of personnel and other patients. Such risk was minimized by creating dedicated paths, reserving time slots, applying intensified cleaning procedures, and supplying personnel and staff with appropriate PPE. Remote working of research staff, medical physicists, and, in some cases, radiation oncologists has prevented overcrowding of shared spaces, reducing infection spread.

13.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 22(5): e767-e773, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766477

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In this observational, retrospective, multicenter study, we aimed to assess the safety of the combination of local metastasis-directed radiotherapy (RT) and immunotherapy (IT) in a cohort of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We collected clinical data of aNSCLC patients who received concomitant RT and anti-PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in seven Italian centers from September 2015 to June 2019. Concomitant RT was defined as delivered ≤4 weeks before or after the first or last administration of immunotherapy, or within two consecutive cycles of ICI. All adverse events apparently related to RT and/or IT were graded according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.0, and reported in terms of incidence and severity as immune related or RT related, or combined. RESULTS: We analyzed the clinical charts of 187 patients. Median follow-up time was 23 months, and median overall survival was 16.5 months (range, 3-162). Thirteen patients developed pure RT-related side effects, and 43 patients (23.9%) developed immune-related side effects. No additive toxic effects were observed. A case of grade 5 pulmonary toxicity was recorded as a possible consequence of a combined effect. CONCLUSION: This analysis suggests that the combination of concomitant RT and anti-PD-1/PD-L1 agents is safe, and the two toxicity profiles are independent.

14.
Cancer Treat Res Commun ; 27: 100331, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33581491

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To adapt the management of prostate malignancy in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: In according to the recommendations of the European Association of Urology, we have developed practical additional document on the treatment of prostate cancer. RESULTS: Low-Risk Group Watchful Waiting should be offered to patients >75 years old, with a limited life expectancy and unfit for local treatment. In Active Surveillance (AS) patients re-biopsy, PSA evaluation and visits should be deferred for up to 6 months, preferring non-invasive multiparametric-MRI. The active treatment should be delayed for 6-12 months. Intermediate-Risk Group AS should be offered in favorable-risk patients. Short-course neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) combined with ultra-hypo-fractionation radiotherapy should be used in unfavorable-risk patients. High-Risk Group Neoadjuvant ADT combined with moderate hypofractionation should be preferred. Whole-pelvis irradiation should be offered to patients with positive lymph nodes in locally advanced setting. ADT should be initiated if PSA doubling time is < 12 months in radio-recurrent patients, as well as in low priority/low volume of metastatic hormone sensitive prostate cancer. If radiotherapy cannot be delayed, hypo-fractionated regimens should be preferred. In high priority class metastatic disease, treatment with androgen receptor-targeted agents should be offered. When palliative radiotherapy for painful bone metastasis is required, single fraction of 8 Gy should be offered. CONCLUSIONS: In Covid-19 Era, the challenge should concern a correct management of the oncologic patient, reducing the risk of spreading the virus without worsening tumor prognosis.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Hipofracionamento da Dose de Radiação , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Quimiorradioterapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Pandemias , Antígeno Prostático Específico/análise , Prostatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Conduta Expectante/métodos
15.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 159: 103242, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545356

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the role of SBRTdrug combination in patients affected by mRCC and associated oncologic outcomes and toxicity profiles. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a critical review of the Pubmed, Medline, and Embase databases from January 1, 2000 through April 30, 2020 according to the Preferred Reporting Items and Meta-Analyses statement. To assess the overall quality of the literature reviewed, we used a modified Delphi tool. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: A total of 6 studies were included, corresponding to a cohort of 216 patients. Tyrosine Kinases Inhibitors were the most widely used drugs in combination with SBRT, being administered in 93% patients. No study reported an increase of radiation-induced toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: SBRT resulted to be safe, without increase in terms of drugs-related adverse events in this setting. Moreover, this approach showed promising clinical outcomes in terms of LC and OS.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Radiocirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos
16.
Diagn Interv Radiol ; 27(2): 214-218, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455898

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the feasibility, accuracy, and safety of Programmed Death-1/ Programmed Death-Ligand 1 (PD-1/ PD-L1) expression quantification in cytology cell-block samples obtained through transthoracic CT-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) from the interventional radiologist's perspective. METHODS: We performed a consecutive unselected series of 361 CT-guided biopsies of pulmonary nodules and masses which came to our observation from June 2017 to October 2018. For each case, exhaustive clinical, morphologic, molecular and tomographic data were available. All the material obtained was fixed in formalin to obtain a cell-block for the pathologist, who performed immunohistochemical analysis to detect PD-L1 expression levels on each sample. RESULTS: Of all the analyzed samples, 93.6% (338/361) were defined to be diagnostic, including neoplastic (72%, 260/361) and non-neoplastic lesions (21.6%, 78/361); only 6.4% (23/361) of them resulted in nondiagnostic specimens. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounted for 73.8% of neoplastic lesions (192/260): most of them were adenocarcinoma (83%, 160/192), followed by squamous carcinoma (14%, 27/192) and poorly differentiated carcinoma (3%, 5/192). In 96% of NSCLC (184/192), the diagnosis was reached either in the absence of complications or with early minor complications. PD-L1 expression was evaluated in all 192 NSCLC cytology specimens: 180 immunostainings were found to be adequate for PD-L1 testing. In 76% of cases, PD-L1 expression level was lower than 50%. CONCLUSION: The findings of our study indicate that PD-L1 quantification using a cell-block approach on CT-guided FNAC is a feasible and safe technique and should be taken into account alongside with core biopsy approach, especially in case of advanced disease and/or fragile and older patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Radiologistas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Expert Rev Anticancer Ther ; 21(3): 257-266, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216651

RESUMO

Introduction: Radiomics extracts a large amount of quantitative information from medical images using specific data characterization algorithms. This information, called radiomic features, can be combined with clinical data to build prediction models for prognostic evaluation and treatment selection.Areas covered: We outlined a series of studies investigating the correlation between radiomics features and outcome (prognostic) as well as response to therapy (predictive) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We performed our analysis both in the setting of early and advanced stage of disease, with a focus on the different therapies and imaging modalities adopted.Expert opinion: The prognostic and predictive potential of the radiomic approach, combined with clinical models, could help decision-making process and guide toward the creation of an optimal and 'tailored' therapeutic strategy for lung cancer patients. However, due to the low reproducibility of most of the conducted studies and the lack of validated results, such a desirable scenario has not yet been translated to routine clinical practice.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Algoritmos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther ; 14(1): 76-81, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30611712

RESUMO

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) of the lip is extremely rare. It is usually indolent and in early stages a local approach is often indicated. We present a case report of a patient with extranodal NHL of the lip treated with chemotherapy and low-dose radiation treatment (RT). The patient was affected by B-cell NHL of the marginal zone, Stage IAE. After a few months of observation with progressive disease, the patient was submitted to two cycles of chemotherapy with no response. Therefore, he was treated with very low-dose RT consisting of two fractions of 2 Gy. Complete response was observed and after 1-year follow-up, persistent complete response was recorded. In cases of localized disease, especially in patients with comorbidities of poor performance status (PS), low-dose RT can be an appropriate approach with excellent outcomes in terms of effectiveness and low risk of toxicity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Labiais/radioterapia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/radioterapia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Neoplasias Labiais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Labiais/patologia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/patologia , Masculino , Dosagem Radioterapêutica
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