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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778390

RESUMO

Public parks are leisure environments widely used by both, adults and children, often accompained by their pets. Soil contamination of these environments by enteric viruses and intestinal parasites occurs through these animals feces. The aim of this work was to detect Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 (CPV-1) and different species of Mastadenovirus in soils samples from a park located in a medium-sized city in Brazil and evaluate the presence of helminth eggs and larvae in 18 points of a public park soil samples, as well as feces found on this site during six months. Parasitological analyzes were conducted through flotation and sedimentation techniques, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for viral detection. Of the 216 soil and 16 feces samples, 49% (106/216) and 12% (2/16) were positivefor nematodes larvae, respectively, through sedimentation techniques. Toxocara spp eggs were found in one soil sample and one feces sample, Trichuris spp eggs were found in only one feces sample and Hookworms eggs were found in four soil samples. After reconstruction work in the streets near the park, 30% (64/216) of the samples were positive for Human Mastadenovirus C (HAdV-C), 1.4% (3/216) for HAdV-E and 0.4% (1/216) for Canine Mastadenovirus A (CAdV-A). The parasitic forms found in this study have demonstrated that the contamination of the park's soil pose a threat to human and animal health. This was the first study to report the presence of HAdVs and CAdVs in soil samples.


Assuntos
Ancylostomatoidea/isolamento & purificação , Mastadenovirus/isolamento & purificação , Microbiologia do Solo , Solo/parasitologia , Toxocara/isolamento & purificação , Ancylostomatoidea/classificação , Ancylostomatoidea/genética , Animais , Cães , Fezes/parasitologia , Humanos , Mastadenovirus/classificação , Mastadenovirus/genética , Parques Recreativos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Toxocara/classificação , Toxocara/genética
2.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 142: 335-349, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232312

RESUMO

Anthropogenic contamination of beaches in the south of Brazil was assessed by detection of Escherichia coli, human mastadenovirus species C (HAdV-C) and F (HAdV-F) and hepatitis E virus (HEV). Sampling was carried out in October (2016), and in January, April and July (2017). Water, sediment, sea surface microlayer (SML), bivalves, and air sentinel samples were evaluated. Quantitative microbiological risk assessment (QMRA) was used to estimate the probability of swimmer infection. HAdV-C was present in 26% of the samples, for both qPCR and viral isolation. The highest rates of detection in genomic copies (GC) were in water (2.42E+10 GC/L), SML (2.08E+10 GC/L), sediment (3.82E+08 GC/g) and bivalves (3.91E+07 GC/g). QMRA estimated daily and annual risks with a maximum value (9.99E-01) in almost all of the samples. Viable HAdV-C was often detected in the SML, pointing that this is a source of infection for people bathing in these waters.


Assuntos
Adenovírus Humanos/isolamento & purificação , Bivalves/virologia , Sedimentos Geológicos/virologia , Água do Mar/virologia , Adenovírus Humanos/genética , Animais , Praias , Brasil , Monitoramento Ambiental , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Vírus da Hepatite E/genética , Vírus da Hepatite E/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Medição de Risco/métodos , Natação , Microbiologia da Água
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