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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35437619

RESUMO

The present investigation aims to study the interaction between systemic and intra-plaque inflammation in predicting cardiac events. We investigated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels as well as plaque inflammation with optical coherence tomography (OCT)-detected macrophages in the CLIMA study. 689 patients had admission CRP serum values reported, and high CRP values were defined as ≥ 2 mg/dl. The main study endpoint was a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and/or target vessel revascularization at 1-year follow-up. At multivariate Cox regression analysis, a large (hazard ratio [HR] 2.27, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2-4.3; p = 0.013) and superficial (HR 2.78, 95%CI 1.5-5.1; p = 0.001) macrophage arc was predicted of the main composite endpoint in patients with high CRP levels. Patients with large/superficial macrophage accumulation and low CRP levels were not at higher risk of adverse events. The presence of high CRP levels and large/superficial macrophage accumulation at OCT analysis identified patients at higher risk of clinical events.

2.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 34(2): E73-E79, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35100553

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the acute and two-year safety and efficacy of using the Corevalve, Evolut R, and Evolut PRO valves for treating failed surgical bioprosthesis from the Italian CoreValve Clinical Service Project. BACKGROUND: Valve-in-valve (ViV) TAVR is an emerging treatment option for failed surgical bioprosthesis. Choice of transcatheter valve is an important determinant of procedural and clinical outcomes, however, longer-term data are lacking. METHODS: The Clinical Service Project is a national clinical data repository evaluating the use of implantable devices across Italy. The present multi-center analysis includes consecutive patients who underwent ViV-TAVR with the Medtronic CoreValve series between October 2008 to June 2019. Evaluated endpoints included rates of overall mortality, cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, and cerebrovascular accidents at 2-year follow-up. Procedural success, complications, and echocardiographic outcomes were reported according to VARC-2 criteria. RESULTS: A total of 139 patients (mean age, 80 ± 7 years; 47.5% male; mean STS score, 10.0 ± 9.7%) underwent ViV-TAVR with CoreValve (28.5%), Evolut R (68.6%), and Evolut Pro (2.9%) valves. Device success was achieved in 68% and acute coronary obstruction requiring PCI was observed in 4 patients (2.9%). Moderate PVL was observed in 3.7% and 2.8% of patients at 30-day and 2-year follow-up and moderate structural valve degeneration seen only 5 patients (3.6%). All-cause and cardiovascular mortality were 3.6% and 2.9% at 30 days, respectively, and 20.6% and 10.2% at 2-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: This real-world nationwide analysis demonstrates the acute and longer-term safety and efficacy of using the self-expanding Medtronic THV for ViV-TAVR.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Bioprótese , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bioprótese/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 99(3): 664-673, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582631

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to test the safety and efficacy of intravascular imaging and specifically optical coherence tomography (OCT) as a diagnostic tool for left main angioplasty and analyze the mid-term outcome accordingly. BACKGROUND: Clinical data and international guidelines recommend the use of intravascular imaging ultrasound (IVUS) to guide left main (LM) angioplasty. Despite early experience using OCT in this setting is encouraging, the evidence supporting its use is still limited. METHODS: ROCK II is a multicenter, investigator-driven, retrospective European study to compare the performance of IVUS and OCT versus angiography in patients undergoing distal-LM stenting. The primary study endpoint was target-lesion failure (TLF) including cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction and target-lesion revascularization. We designed this study hypothesizing the superiority of intravascular imaging over angiographic guidance alone, and the non-inferiority of OCT versus IVUS. RESULTS: A total of 730 patients, 377 with intravascular-imaging guidance (162 OCT, 215 IVUS) and 353 with angiographic guidance, were analyzed. The one-year rate of TLF was 21.2% with angiography and 12.7% with intravascular-imaging (p = 0.039), with no difference between OCT and IVUS (p = 0.26). Intravascular-imaging was predictor of freedom from TLF (HR 0.46; 95% CI 0.23-0.93: p = 0.03). Propensity-score matching identified three groups of 100 patients each with no significant differences in baseline characteristics. The one-year rate of TLF was 16% in the angiographic, 7% in the OCT and 6% in the IVUS group, respectively (p = 0.03 for IVUS or OCT vs. angiography). No between-group significant differences in the rate of individual components of TLF were found. CONCLUSIONS: Intravascular imaging was superior to angiography for distal LM stenting, with no difference between OCT and IVUS.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos
4.
Int J Cardiol ; 346: 8-12, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798205

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ability of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to recognize intraplaque macrophage infiltration is now well acknowledged. This post-hoc analysis of the CLIMA study aimed to address the clinical impact of the circumferential extension of OCT-defined macrophages and their location at one year follow-up. METHODS: The multicentre CLIMA study enrolled 1003 patients undergoing OCT evaluation of the untreated proximal left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. Measurements of circumferential extension of macrophages and measurements of the distance from intima-lumen contour to macrophages string were performed at the plaque cross-section judged as containing the greatest amount of macrophages. The main study endpoint was a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI) and/or target vessel revascularization (TVR). RESULTS: Patients with large macrophage arc (p = 0.001) and superficial macrophage arc (p < 0.001) showed a higher one-year incidence of the main one-year composite endpoint. Consistently hypertension (p = 0.018), family history of CAD (p = 0.046), diabetes mellitus (p = 0.036), lower ejection fraction (p = 0.009) and chronic kidney disease (p = 0.019) were more frequently found in patients experiencing the main composite endpoint. At multivariate Cox regression analysis, fibrous cap thickness < 75 µm (HR 2.51, 95% 1.46-4.32), presence of large (HR 1.97, 95%CI 1.16-3.35, p = 0.012) and superficial (HR 1.72, 95%CI 1.02-2.90; p = 0.040) macrophage arc remained independent predictors of the main composite endpoint. Large macrophage arc was associated with target LAD related MI. CONCLUSION: The present post-hoc analysis of the CLIMA showed that the circumferential extension of macrophages and their location are related to a composite endpoint of cardiac death, MI and/or TVR.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Placa Aterosclerótica , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários , Humanos , Macrófagos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34825652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intraprocedural optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a valuable tool for guidance of percutaneous coronary intervention, but long-term follow-up data are lacking. AIMS: The aim of this study was to address the long-term (7.5 years) clinical impact of quantitative OCT metrics of suboptimal stent implantation. METHODS: This retrospective study includes 391 patients with long-term follow-up (mean 2,737 days; interquartile range 1,301-3,143 days) from the multicentre Centro per la Lotta contro l’Infarto – Optimisation of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (CLI-OPCI) registry. OCT-assessed suboptimal stent deployment required the presence of at least one of the following pre-defined OCT findings: in-stent MLA <4.5 mm2, proximal or distal reference lumen narrowing with lumen area <4.5 mm2, significant proximal or distal edge dissection width ≥200 μm. RESULTS: One-hundred-two patients (26.1%) with 138 stented lesions (27.7%) experienced a device-oriented cardiovascular event (DOCE). In-stent MLA <4.5 mm2 (38.1% vs 19.8%, p<0.001), in-stent lumen expansion <70% (29.5% vs 20.3%, p=0.032), proximal reference lumen narrowing <4.5 mm2 (6.5% vs 1.4%, p=0.004), and distal reference lumen narrowing <4.5 mm2 (12.9% vs 3.6%, p=0.001) were significantly more common in the DOCE vs non-DOCE group. OCT assessed suboptimal stent deployment was an independent predictor of long-term DOCE (HR 2.17, p<0.001), together with bare metal stent implantation (HR 1.73, p=0.003) and prior revascularisation (HR 1.53, p=0.017). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of OCT assessed suboptimal criteria for stent implantation was related to a worse clinical outcome at very long-term follow-up. This information further supports an OCT-guided strategy of stent deployment.

6.
J Cardiovasc Dev Dis ; 8(9)2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: TAVR is a safe alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR); however, sex-related differences are still debated. This research aimed to examine gender differences in a real-world transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) cohort. METHODS: All-comer aortic stenosis (AS) patients undergoing TAVR with a Medtronic valve across 19 Italian sites were prospectively included in the Italian Clinical Service Project (NCT01007474) between 2007 and 2019. The primary endpoint was 1-year mortality. We also investigated 3-year mortality, and ischemic and hemorrhagic endpoints, and we performed a propensity score matching to assemble patients with similar baseline characteristics. RESULTS: Out of 3821 patients, 2149 (56.2%) women were enrolled. Compared with men, women were older (83 ± 6 vs. 81 ± 6 years, p < 0.001), more likely to present severe renal impairment (GFR ≤ 30 mL/min, 26.3% vs. 16.3%, p < 0.001) but had less previous cardiovascular events (all p < 0.001), with a higher mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score (7.8% ± 7.1% vs. 7.2 ± 7.5, p < 0.001) and a greater mean aortic gradient (52.4 ± 15.3 vs. 47.3 ± 12.8 mmHg, p < 0.001). Transfemoral TAVR was performed more frequently in women (87.2% vs. 82.1%, p < 0.001), with a higher rate of major vascular complications and life-threatening bleeding (3.9% vs. 2.4%, p = 0.012 and 2.5% vs. 1.4%, p = 0.024). One-year mortality differed between female and male (11.5% vs. 15.0%, p = 0.002), and this difference persisted after adjustment for significant confounding variables (Adj.HR1yr 1.47, 95%IC 1.18-1.82, p < 0.001). Three-year mortality was also significantly lower in women compared with men (19.8% vs. 24.9%, p < 0.001) even after adjustment for age, STS score, eGFR, diabetes and severe COPD (Adj.HR3yr 1.42, 95%IC 1.21-1.68, p < 0.001). These results were confirmed in 689 pairs after propensity score matching. CONCLUSION: Despite higher rates of peri-procedural complications, women presented better survival than men. This better adaptive response to TAVR may be driven by sex-specific factors.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) have been introduced to overcome the limitations of drug-eluting stents and the ABSORB (Everolimus-eluting BRS, Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA) was the most extensively tested. Nevertheless, major RCTs reported higher rates of target lesion failures and BRS thrombosis at 3 years follow-up, bringing to the withdrawing of the device from the market. It has been suggested that a better lesions selection and an optimized implantation technique could mitigate the displayed adverse results. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing BRS implantation were included in this observational, single center study. Clinical follow-up was conducted up to 4 years. Endpoint of interest was the target lesion failure (TLF), a composite outcome including cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction and target lesion revascularization. RESULTS: A total of 62 patients with a mean age of 55±8.5 years were analysed of which 70.9% presented with an acute coronary syndrome and 59.6% with myocardial infarction. A total of 100 lesions were treated and 51.6% were complex (B2/C). Predilatation was performed in all the case, post-dilatation in 74.1%. All the target vessel reference diameter (RVD) were > 2.5 mm (average RVD 3.2 ± 0.24 mm). At 4 years, the rate for TLF was 6.9%. Subgroups analysis did not show significative differences among groups although consistently higher event rates were found for RVD < 2.5 mm (12.6 vs 6.4% p 0.5), BRS overlapping (11.8 vs 5% p 0.2) and Ticagrelor instead of Clopidogrel on top of Cardioaspirin (9.1 vs 3% p 0.2). CONCLUSIONS: This small-sized real-world registry displays lower rates of clinical events during long-term follow-up in respect to previous studies. The avoidance of implantation in small vessels, inclusion of acute myocardial infarction and extensive performance of BRS post-dilatation could explain the observed better results. Long term outcomes of the ongoing ABSORB IV trial are needed to confirm this data.

8.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 37(1): 37-45, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779079

RESUMO

Although optical coherence tomography (OCT) proved to be able to identify macrophage clusters, there are no available data on the possibility to obtain reproducible measurements of their circumferential extension and location. The purpose of the present post-hoc analysis of the CLIMA study was to revise the clinical and demographic variables of patients having coronary plaques with macrophages and to investigate the reproducibility of their quantitative assessment. A total of 577 patients out of 1003 undergoing OCT showed macrophage accumulation. Three groups were identified; group 1 (426 patients) without macrophages, group 2 (296) patients with low macrophage content (less than median value [67°] of circumferential arc) and group 3 (281) with high macrophage content arc [> 67°]. Patients with macrophages (groups 2 and 3) showed a higher prevalence of family history for coronary artery disease and hypercholesterolemia and had a significantly larger body mass index. Furthermore, group 3 had more commonly triple vessel disease and higher value of LDL cholesterol levels compared to the two other groups. The inter-observer agreement for macrophage interpretation was good: R values were 0.97 for the circumferential arc extension, 0.95 for the minimum distance and 0.98 for the mean distance. A non-significant correlation between circumferential extension of macrophages and hsCRP values was found (R = 0.013). Quantitative assessment of macrophage accumulations can be obtained with high reproducibility by OCT. The presence and amount of macrophages are poorly correlated with hsCRP and identify patients with more advanced atherosclerosis and higher LDL cholesterol levels.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Macrófagos/patologia , Placa Aterosclerótica , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros
9.
G Ital Cardiol (Rome) ; 22(12 Suppl 2): 27-30, 2021 12.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343488

RESUMO

Concomitant severe aortic and mitral stenosis in patients who are not candidates for traditional surgery is a complex scenario that becomes increasingly more common with population aging. While transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has emerged as a new lifeline for patients with severe aortic stenosis who are at intermediate or high risk for surgical aortic valve replacement, transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) is still in the early clinical phase. TMVR can be an alternative to surgical valve replacement for high surgical risk patients with bioprosthetic mitral valves, annuloplasty rings, or severe mitral annular calcification (MAC). Despite the growing use of TMVR, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction remains a major challenge and a life-threatening complication of this procedure mostly among patients undergoing valve-in-MAC procedures. Preprocedural planning with imaging is essential in understanding and reducing the risk for these complications.We describe a case of simultaneous transcatheter double valve replacement into native valves from transapical access in a 77-year-old female patient with severe symptomatic aortic and mitral stenosis associated with MAC.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia
10.
G Ital Cardiol (Rome) ; 21(9): 681-684, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094743

RESUMO

We report a case of cardiogenic shock due to severe aortic stenosis in a 55-year-old patient with a congenital unicuspid aortic valve (UAV). An emergent aortic valvuloplasty was performed in the spoke catheterization laboratory which allowed to achieve transient stabilization of the hemodynamic parameters and to move the patient to the nearest hub hospital with on-site cardiac surgery. Since the surgical risk of an aortic valve replacement was deemed too high, a transcatheter procedure was performed with implantation of a self-expandable prosthesis. The final result was suboptimal due to a moderate residual paravalvular leak, but the patient experienced rapid recovery and was discharged 10 days after the procedure. Just a few cases of transcatheter aortic valve replacement due to severe aortic stenosis in UAV have been described but, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first one in a clinical setting of cardiogenic shock. Although the gold standard treatment for UAV is surgical intervention, this case demonstrates that the transcatheter procedure is feasible and may play a role as a bridge to definitive surgical replacement.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Doenças Raras/cirurgia , Choque Cardiogênico/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Tratamento de Emergência/métodos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia
11.
Minerva Cardioangiol ; 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32657556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this in vivo human study we tested the reproducibility for optical coherence tomography (OCT) assessment of lumen area (LA) and plaque components measurements, such as lipid arc extension and fibrous cap thickness (FCt). METHODS: We tested the variability of LA, lipid arc and FCt assessments in two repeated OCT pullbacks from the same diseased coronary segment matched using fiduciary anatomical landmarks. In particular, for the reliability of minimal FCt measurement we compared four different approaches based on continuous (longitudinal) or segmental (spot) individuation of smaller thickness: 1) comparison of single minimal FCt individuated alongside all plaque extension in the two pullbacks (Longitudinal (L)-spot minimal FCt value); 2) comparison of the mean FCt values of the plaque in the two pullbacks (L-plot mean FCt value); 3) comparison between the single minimal FCt value obtained in the first pullback and the single FCt obtained in the matched CS of second pullback (L- spot CS matched FCt value); 4) comparison of measurements obtained by visual selection of CS with minimal FCt s in the two pullbacks (Single-spot minimal FCt value). RESULTS: From the paired analyses of 20 non culprit lesions (accounting for a total of 387 matched CS), we found a suboptimal in-segment correlation for LA (Intra-Class Coefficient [ICC] 0.731), but a good in-segment correlation for lipid arc (ICC 0.963). Regarding FCt measurement, a high reproducibility was obtained applying continuous assessment; in particular, the best correlation was observed with L-spot minimal FCt value and the L-plot mean FCt (ICC 0.893 and 0.952, respectively) with small inter-pullback differences (confidence intervals less than 0.04 mm). CONCLUSIONS: In this methodological study we observed a good reproducibility for quantitative plaque measurements with OCT confirming its reliability for serial assessment. In particular, longitudinal measurement in multiple adjacent frames seems to be the more accurate and reproducible approach for sequential FCt assessment.

12.
EuroIntervention ; 16(5): 380-386, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32310133

RESUMO

AIMS: The goal of the present post hoc analysis of the CLIMA registry was to establish the relationship between calcified nodules (CNs) with (CND) or without (CNWD) disruption of the superficial intimal fibrous layer and one-year occurrence of target lesion myocardial infarction (MI) and/or cardiac death. METHODS AND RESULTS: CND and CNWD were identified based on the presence or absence of superficial irregularities indicative of disruption of the intimal fibrous layer, with possible overlying local thrombus. In total, 222 CNs were found in the 1,776 non-culprit LAD plaques. CND had larger maximum calcific arc and smaller lumen area. Cardiac death and MI occurred in 20% of patients in the CND group versus 2.7% in the CNWD group and 3.3% in the group without CN (p<0.001). This figure was mainly due to the 13.3% incidence of cardiac death in the CND group versus 2.0% in the CNWD group and versus 2.2% in the group without CN (p<0.001). The presence of CND was confirmed as an independent predictor of events (HR 6.58, 95% CI: 2.7-15.8, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of CND was associated with a high one-year incidence of cardiac death and/or target lesion MI.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária , Humanos , Incidência , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
13.
Eur Heart J ; 41(3): 383-391, 2020 01 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504405

RESUMO

AIMS: The CLIMA study, on the relationship between coronary plaque morphology of the left anterior descending artery and twelve months clinical outcome, was designed to explore the predictive value of multiple high-risk plaque features in the same coronary lesion [minimum lumen area (MLA), fibrous cap thickness (FCT), lipid arc circumferential extension, and presence of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-defined macrophages] as detected by OCT. Composite of cardiac death and target segment myocardial infarction was the primary clinical endpoint. METHODS AND RESULTS: From January 2013 to December 2016, 1003 patients undergoing OCT evaluation of the untreated proximal left anterior descending coronary artery in the context of clinically indicated coronary angiogram were prospectively enrolled at 11 independent centres (clinicaltrial.gov identifier NCT02883088). At 1-year, the primary clinical endpoint was observed in 37 patients (3.7%). In a total of 1776 lipid plaques, presence of MLA <3.5 mm2 [hazard ratio (HR) 2.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1-4.0], FCT <75 µm (HR 4.7, 95% CI 2.4-9.0), lipid arc circumferential extension >180° (HR 2.4, 95% CI 1.2-4.8), and OCT-defined macrophages (HR 2.7, 95% CI 1.2-6.1) were all associated with increased risk of the primary endpoint. The pre-specified combination of plaque features (simultaneous presence of the four OCT criteria in the same plaque) was observed in 18.9% of patients experiencing the primary endpoint and was an independent predictor of events (HR 7.54, 95% CI 3.1-18.6). CONCLUSION: The simultaneous presence of four high-risk OCT plaque features was found to be associated with a higher risk of major coronary events.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 20(8): 700-704, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30314835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: data from clinical experiences with Absorb bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) in STEMI raised concerns among clinicians about the device safety because a noteworthy scaffold thrombosis (ScT) rate was reported at early and long-term follow-up. Nevertheless, pre-specified technical suggestions of how to perform an optimal BRS procedure in STEMI were lacking. In this study we sought to assess the 1-year results following a pre-specified BRS implantation strategy in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary PCI (pPCI). METHODS: This is a prospective, multicenter study on 505 STEMI patients undergoing pPCI with Absorb following a dedicated implantation protocol. The primary end-point (a device oriented composite end-point (DOCE) of cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction (TV-MI) and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization (ID-TLR) within 30 days) was already reported. We here present DOCE, its singular components and ScT rates (secondary end-points) at 1-year. RESULTS: According to the study protocol direct Absorb implantation was feasible in 47 (9.3%) patients while post-dilatation was performed in 468 (92.7%) cases. The hierarchical DOCE rate at 1-year was 1.2% (0.4% cardiac death, 0.4% TV-MI and 0.8% ID-TLR) versus 0.6% at 30-day. Two episodes (0.4%) of ScT (one probable subacute and one late definite) were reported. At 1-year, 99.2% patients were on dual antiplatelet therapy (95% with ticagrelor or prasugrel). CONCLUSIONS: A pre-specified Absorb implantation strategy in STEMI patients was associated with persistent low DOCE and ScT rates at 1-year. Longer term follow-up is needed to assess the role of this strategy on preventing very-late events (NCT02601781).


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Int J Cardiol ; 269: 350-355, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30001943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autopsy studies shed light on the interplay between fatal acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and features of plaque vulnerability. This is a prospective pilot study designed for generating a new in vivo imaging grading system of plaque vulnerability. METHODS: We studied 87 coronary vessels in 63 consecutive patients: 48 with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) and 15 with stable coronary artery disease using IntraVascular-Ultrasound Near-Infrared-Spectroscopy (IVUS-NIRS) and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). We identified 99 lesions: 21 were the ACS culprit lesions (18 ulcerations and 3 with intact fibrous cap), 78 were non-culprit lesions including plaques located in the same ACS culprit vessel (N12), plaques located in a non-culprit vessel in patients with ACS (28) and target lesions of stable patients (N 38). A second analysis focused on lipid plaques, comparing the 18 ACS culprit ulcerated lesions and the 55 non-culprit lesions. RESULTS: The co-presence of the following three features of vulnerability [Minimal Luminal Area (MLA) <4 mm2, Fibrous Cap Thickness (FCT) < 75 µm and superficial macrophages] was by far more frequent in ACS culprit lesions than in controls (OR 40.6 for all lesions and OR 45.7 for ulcerated culprit lesions only). The triple-feature OCT grading identified vulnerable plaques with a much higher accuracy than that obtained applying each single feature of vulnerability. CONCLUSIONS: The co-presence of the 3 OCT features of vulnerability (MLA < 4 mm2, FCT < 75 µm and superficial macrophages) identifies culprit ACS lesions with a very high odd ratio. This finding could set the basis for a new OCT vulnerability grading system including superficial macrophages.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/classificação , Humanos , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Projetos Piloto , Placa Aterosclerótica/classificação , Sistema de Registros
17.
Int J Cardiol ; 270: 107-112, 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29937300

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: FFR-guided coronary intervention is recommended for patients with intermediate stenoses. However, concerns exist with this approach in anatomically prognostic disease. METHODS: In this prospective, multicentre study, we consecutively enrolled patients found to have FFR negative lesions in anatomically significant sites: left main; proximal LAD; last remaining patent vessel; and multiple vessels with concomitant impaired left ventricular systolic function (EF < 40%). As per recommendation, revascularisation was deferred, and patients included into a registry. The primary endpoint was MACE (death, myocardial infarction and unplanned target lesion revascularization). Secondary endpoints were the above individual components. Subgroup analyses were performed for clinical presentation (stable vs. ACS), localization of lesion (ostial vs. non ostial) and renal function. RESULTS: The registry included 292 patients with 297 deferred stenoses. After 1-year, the primary endpoint occurred in 5% of patients, mainly driven by TLR (2.7%). Cardiovascular death occurred in 0.8% and AMI in 0.8%. During a follow-up of 22.2 ±â€¯11 months, MACE occurred in 11.6%. Cardiovascular death occurred in 1.8% and AMI in 2.1%. After multivariate analysis, impaired renal function (OR 1.99; CI 95% 1.74-5.41; p = 0.046) and ostial disease (OR 2.88; CI 95% 1.04-7.38; p = 0.041) were found to be predictors of MACE. Impaired renal function also predicted TLR (OR 2.43; CI 95% 1.17-5.02; p = 0.017). CONCLUSION: FFR-guided revascularisation deferral is safe in the majority of anatomically prognostic disease. However, further evaluation is required in the risk stratification of those patients with ostial disease and renal disease. Registered on ClinicalTrials, NCT02590926.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/efeitos adversos , Revascularização Miocárdica/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
18.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(15): 1482-1491, 2018 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29803695

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aims of the ERIS (Evolving Routine Standards of FFR Use) study are to describe the current use of invasive coronary physiology assessment and discern the reasons for its nonuse in daily practice. BACKGROUND: Adoption of coronary physiology guidance in the catheterization laboratory varies among countries, centers, and operators. METHODS: ERIS is an investigator-driven, nationwide, prospective, cross-sectional study involving 76 Italian catheterization laboratories. Each center had a 60-day window to include consecutive cases that fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Two pre-specified groups were enrolled: 1) patients who had operators apply fractional flow reserve or instantaneous wave-free ratio assessment (physiology assessment group); and 2) patients who had operators decide not to perform fractional flow reserve or instantaneous wave-free ratio assessment, although the patients met the inclusion and exclusion criteria (visual estimation group). RESULTS: Overall, 1,858 cases were included (physiology assessment group, n = 1,177; visual estimation group, n = 681). Physiology-based guidance was used in 7% and 13% of the total volume of angiographic and percutaneous coronary interventions, respectively. Its use was in line with European and American guidelines in 48% of the cases (n = 569). Physiology guidance was used in a consistent number of patients with acute coronary syndromes (n = 529 [45%]). The main reason for not using physiology guidance was the operator's confidence that clinical and angiographic data alone were sufficient. CONCLUSIONS: Use of coronary physiology assessment in daily practice meets the current guideline indications in approximately 50% of cases. The major limiting factor for the adoption of physiology guidance was the operator's confidence in visual assessment alone. (Evolving Routine Standards of FFR Use [ERIS]; NCT03082989).


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/normas , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Idoso , Competência Clínica/normas , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Angiografia Coronária , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seleção de Pacientes , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
EuroIntervention ; 14(4): e443-e451, 2018 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29633940

RESUMO

AIMS: The role of intraprocedural optical coherence tomography (OCT) on the long-term clinical outcome of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) remains undefined. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of quantitative OCT-defined suboptimal stent implantation at long-term follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the context of the multicentre Centro per la Lotta contro l'Infarto - Optimisation of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (CLI-OPCI) registry, we compared the long-term PCI outcome of 1,211 patients from 13 independent OCT-experienced centres according to end-procedural OCT findings. OCT assessment revealed suboptimal stent implantation in 30.9% of lesions, with an increased prevalence in patients experiencing device-oriented cardiovascular events (DoCE) (52.8% vs. 28.0%, p<0.001). At a median follow-up of 833 (interquartile range 415-1,447) days, in-stent minimum lumen area (MLA) <4.5 mm2 (HR 1.82, p<0.001), distal stent edge dissection >200 µm (HR 2.03, p=0.004), and significant reference vessel plaque and lumen area <4.5 mm2 at either the distal (HR 5.22, p<0.001) or proximal (HR 5.67, p<0.001) stent edges were independent predictors of device failure. Conversely, in-stent MLA/mean reference lumen area <70%, acute stent malapposition, and intra-stent plaque/thrombus protrusion were not associated with worse outcomes. Using multivariable Cox hazard analysis, the presence of at least one of the significant criteria for suboptimal OCT stent deployment was confirmed as an independent predictor of DoCE (HR 1.92, p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Suboptimal stent deployment, defined according to specific quantitative OCT criteria, was confirmed as an independent outcome predictor at long-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Placa Aterosclerótica , Angiografia Coronária , Vasos Coronários , Humanos , Stents , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Coron Artery Dis ; 29(5): 384-388, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29697483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) is the gold standard for evaluating correct stenting, despite its limitation in recognizing features indicative of suboptimal deployment. This subanalysis of the CLI-OPCI II registry addressed the role of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to verify whether suboptimal OCT deployment occurs in the presence of an optimal angiographic result. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 125 lesions in the 105 patients with major adverse cardiac events of the CLI-OPCI II. Every lesion was evaluated with OCT and angiography, including visual and QCA assessment. Optimal angiographic result was defined as residual stenosis of less than 30% at QCA and absence of haziness at visual angiography. The following OCT features of suboptimal stenting were considered: edge dissection (linear rim of tissue with a width >200 µm), reference lumen narrowing (lumen area <4.5 mm in the presence of significant residual plaque adjacent to stent endings), and in-stent narrowing (minimum lumen area<4.5 mm). RESULTS: Among the 125 lesions, 105 showed an optimal angiographic result. At OCT, a suboptimal positioning was common (56%). In the group of optimal angiographic results, OCT showed a suboptimal deployment in 54% of cases. Minimum lumen area of less than 4.5 mm, distal and proximal reference narrowing, and distal edge dissections were found in 30, 25, 15, and 7% of cases, respectively. CONCLUSION: This substudy of the CLI-OPCI II showed that in patients with major adverse cardiac events, the presence of an optimal postintervention angiographic appearance with suboptimal OCT metrics is a frequent finding. Our data further support the effectiveness of OCT, which provide valuable information even in the presence of optimal poststenting angiographic results.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Stents , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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