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1.
Genet Mol Biol ; 41(2): 434-441, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29767667

RESUMO

Alstroemeria L. (Alstroemeriaceae) represents one of the most diverse genera of vascular plants in Chile. It contains approximately 54 taxa, 40 of which are endemic. The "complex" Alstroemeria magnifica is endemic to Chile, and it comprises four varieties: A. magnifica var. magenta, A. magnifica var. magnifica, A. magnifica var. sierrae, and A. magnifica var. tofoensis. It is distributed from Coquimbo to the Valparaíso Region. We analyzed karyotypes of 10 populations along its natural distribution. All the populations presented an asymmetric karyotype, with 2n = 16 chromosomes but with three different karyotypic formulae. Alstroemeria magnifica var. magnifica and A. magnifica var. sierrae presented the same karyotypic fomula, and A. magnifica var. magenta, and A. magnifica var. tofoensis each had a different formula. The scatter plot among CVCL vs. MCA shows different groupings between populations of the four varieties. Based on the results, it is possible to consider raising Alstroemeria magnifica var. magenta to species level (A. magenta) and A. magnifica var. tofoensis to subspecies level (A. magnifica subsp. tofoensis); A. magnifica var. magnifica and A. magnifica var. sierrae should each remain as varieties. Nevertheless, these taxonomic changes should be considered tentative, as additional sources of evidence become available.

2.
Genet Mol Biol ; 38(2): 199-204, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26273223

RESUMO

Alstroemeria L., one of the most diverse genera of the Chilean flora and of high floricultural value, is represented by 35 species, most of them distributed between 28-38° S in the Mediterranean zone of Central Chile. There are 24 complex-forming taxa, of which 18 have conservation problems (8 are considered "endangered" and 10 as "vulnerable"). One of these complexes is Alstroemeria presliana Herb. with two subspecies: subsp. presliana and subsp. australis Bayer. Alstroemeria presliana grows in Chile and Argentina: subsp. presliana is distributed from Reserva Nacional Siete Tazas (35°27' S, Region of Maule) to Antuco, (37°25' S, Region of Bío-Bío), and is also found in Neuquén, Argentina; subsp. australis is endemic to the Cordillera of Nahuelbuta. A comparative karyotype study was carried out among six populations of A. presliana subsp. presliana and five populations of A. presliana subsp. australis. The eleven populations presented an asymmetric karyotype, with 2n = 2× = 16 chromosomes but with different karyotype formulae. A. presliana subsp. presliana shows the haploid formula 2m + 2m-sat + 1sm-sat + 1st-sat + 1t + 1 t-sat, and A. preslianasubsp. australis presents a formula 1m + 2m-sat + 1sm + 2t + 2t-sat chromosomes. The architecture of the karyotype between the subspecies is very different. The scatter plot among CVCL vs. MCA shows different groupings between populations of the two subspecies. According to the results obtained it is possible to consider raising Alstroemeria presliana subsp. australis at species level.

3.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 13(4): 351-358, jul. 2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-785453

RESUMO

Methanol extract obtained from aerial parts of 24 selected plants from Central Valley and Pre-andean foothill from Ñuble Province of Chile were tested for its inhibitory germination activity against Trifolium repens and Raphanus sativus. Many extracts (13/24 = 54 percent) showed inhibition of T. repens germination with IG percent > 50 percent, but none on R. sativus.


Extractos metanólicos obtenidos de partes aéreas de 24 plantas seleccionadas del valle central y preandino de la Provincia de Ñuble-Chile, fueron ensayados para determinar su capacidad inhibitoria sobre la germinación de semillas de Trifolium repens y Raphanus sativus. Los extractos (13/24 = 54 por ciento) muestran actividad inhibitoria de la germinación de semillas de T. repens con un IG por ciento>50 por ciento, pero no tienen actividad significativa sobre R. sativus.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Germinação , Metanol/farmacologia , Sementes , Chile , Raphanus , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Trifolium
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