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1.
Food Chem ; 304: 125448, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491713

RESUMO

Blood, from slaughterhouses, is an inevitable part of meat production, causing environmental problems due to the large volumes recovered and its low valorization. However, the α137-141 peptide, a natural antimicrobial peptide, can be obtained after hydrolysis of hemoglobin, the main constituent of blood red part. To recover it at a sufficient concentration for antimicrobial applications, a new sustainable technology, called electrodialysis with ultrafiltration membrane (EDUF), was investigated. The α137-141 concentration was increased about 4-fold at a feed peptide concentration of 8% with an enrichment factor above 24-fold. This feed peptide concentration also needed the lowest relative energy consumption. Moreover, this peptide fraction protected meat against microbial growth, as well as rancidity, during 14 days under refrigeration. This peptide fraction was validated as a natural preservative and substitute for synthetic additives against food spoilage. Finally, producing antimicrobial/antioxidant peptide from wastes by EDUF fits perfectly with the concept of circular economy.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 508: 488-499, 2017 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28865343

RESUMO

Polypeptide/solid charged surface interactions are omnipresent in the biomedical and biochemical fields. The present study aimed to understand the adsorption mechanisms of a cation-exchange membrane (CEM) by a well-characterized peptide mixture at three different pH values. Results demonstrated that fouling was important at pH 6, twice lower at pH 2 and negligible at pH 10. At pH 6, ALPMHIR and TKIPAVFK sequences firstly established electrostatic interactions with the negative CEM charges (SO3-) through their positive K and R residues (NH3+) creating a first nanolayer. Secondly, peptide/peptide interactions occurred through their respective hydrophobic residues creating a second nanolayer. At pH 2, VLVLDTDYK and IDALNENK sequences interacted only electrostatically and that in a lower proportion since at acidic pH values, most of the CEM charges would be protonated and uncharged (HSO3) and then limit the potential electrostatic interactions. In addition, the sequences of peptides interacting at pH 2 and 6 were different. This was explained by their structure in terms of residue nature and position in the sequence. At pH 10, no fouling was observed due to the lack of positive peptide charges. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first in-depth study concerning the fouling of CEMs by peptides from a complex mixture.

3.
Food Chem ; 211: 306-13, 2016 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27283637

RESUMO

Bovine cruor, a slaughterhouse by-product, contains mainly hemoglobin, broadly described as a rich source of antimicrobial peptides. In the current context of food safety, bioactive peptides could be of interest as preservatives in the distribution of food products. The aim of this work was to study the α137-141 fragment of hemoglobin (Thr-Ser-Lys-Tyr-Arg), a small (653Da) and hydrophilic antimicrobial peptide. Its production was fast, with more 65% finally produced at 24h already produced after 30min of hydrolysis with pepsin. Moreover, increasing substrate concentration (from 1 to 8% (w/v)) resulted in a proportional augmentation of α137-141 production (to 807.95±41.03mgL(-1)). The α137-141 application on meat as preservative (0.5%, w/w) reduced the lipid oxidation about 60% to delay meat rancidity. The α137-141 peptide also inhibited the microbial growths under refrigeration during 14days. These antimicrobial effects were close to those of the butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT).


Assuntos
Matadouros , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/análise , Conservantes de Alimentos/análise , Carne/análise , Carne/microbiologia , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/análise , Bovinos , Refrigeração
4.
Recent Pat Biotechnol ; 7(1): 9-27, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23003009

RESUMO

Although many patents reported bioactive peptides with numerous demonstrated bioactivities and potential applications, there exist some limitations to the production of large quantities to satisfy the growing market demands. Indeed, considering that most functional peptides are present in complex matrices containing a large number of hydrolyzed protein fractions, their separation and purification are required. Some advances have been made in the use of conventional pressure-driven processes for the continuous production and separation of peptides, however, most of these patented technologies are not scalable and demonstrate a low selectivity when separating similar sized biomolecules. To improve the separation efficiency, the use of an external electric field during pressure-driven filtration was proposed and patented. However, whatever the claims, the pressure gradient brings about the accumulation of peptides at the nearby membrane surface and affects the membrane transport selectivity. To overcome these drawbacks, a recent patent proposed the simultaneous fractionation of acidic and basic peptides, using a conventional electrodialysis cell, in which some ion exchange membranes are replaced by ultrafiltration ones. The perspectives in the field of peptide separation will be the development of new membrane materials and new equipments such as microfluidic devices to improve selectivity and yield of production.


Assuntos
Biotecnologia/métodos , Filtração/métodos , Membranas Artificiais , Patentes como Assunto , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Suplementos Nutricionais , Dados de Sequência Molecular
5.
Recent Pat Biotechnol ; 3(1): 61-72, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19149724

RESUMO

In recent years, functional foods and nutraceuticals has attracted much attention, particularly for their impact on human health and prevention of certain diseases. Consequently, the production and properties of bioactive peptides has received an increasing scientific interest over the past few years. Considering that most functional peptides are present in complex matrices containing a large number of hydrolyzed protein fractions, their separation and purification are required. Conventional pressure-driven processes can be used for amino acids and peptides separation but are limited by their fouling problems and their low selectivity when separating similar sized biomolecules. To improve the separation efficiency, an external electric field was applied during pressure-driven filtration. However, the pressure gradient brings about the accumulation of peptides at the nearby membrane surface and affects the membrane transport selectivity. Processes combining an electrical field as a driving force to porous membranes have been developed for the separation of biopeptides to obtain better purified products. Compounds of higher molecular weights than the membrane cut-off can be separated. The first trials were carried-out to perform the separation of amino acids and peptides with a filtration module specially designed and using one ultrafiltration membrane. More recently, electrodialysis with ultrafiltration membranes has been developed to fractionate simultaneously acidic and basic peptides, using a conventional electrodialysis cell, in which some ion exchange membranes are replaced by ultrafiltration ones. The perspectives in this field will be the understanding of the interactions of peptides and membrane as well as the development of new membrane materials limitating or increasing these interactions to improve the selectivity and the yield of production of specific peptides. This review article also discusses recent patents related to bioactive peptides.


Assuntos
Biotecnologia/tendências , Fracionamento Químico , Membranas Artificiais , Patentes como Assunto , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Ultrafiltração/tendências
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