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1.
Unfallchirurg ; 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33616681

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread rapidly worldwide and leads to high morbidity and mortality. Clinical experience regarding the surgical management in COVID-19 patients is limited. We report the interdisciplinary approach in a COVID-19 patient with severe thoracic trauma and pulmonary symptoms, who was admitted to the emergency unit after blunt chest trauma with dislocated serial rib fractures and concomitant hemothorax.

2.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33469702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of semi-absorbable mesh on donor-site morbidity and patient-reported outcomes in deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap breast reconstruction. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all patients who had DIEP flap breast reconstruction in our department from July 2007 to March 2019. Patients were invited to a comparative follow-up visit and grouped according to donor-site closure: primary fascial closure (the no-mesh group) and fascial reinforcement with semi-absorbable mesh in a subfascial position (the mesh group). The primary outcome of interest was donor-site morbidity, including bulging, hernia formation and rectus abdominis muscle strength. We also surveyed, surgical site complications and patient-reported outcomes using Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale v2.0 and BREAST-Q© version 2.0. RESULTS: A total of 191 patients had received DIEP flap breast reconstruction. Eighty-five patients (44.5%) with 108 DIEP flaps (53 patients in the mesh group and 32 patients in the no-mesh group) were included in the study. The mean BMI of the patients was significantly higher in the mesh group (mesh group, 26.9 vs. no-mesh group, 25.0, with p = 0.03). The incidence of hernia was significantly reduced in the mesh group (mesh group, 2.8% vs. no-mesh group, 13.5%, with p = 0.03). The incidence of bulging and the extent of rectus abdominis muscle strength were similar for both groups. Operative surgical site complications were reduced in the mesh group (mesh group, 7.5% vs. no-mesh group, 18.8%). There was no difference in patients' physical well-being and satisfaction with the donor site between groups. Patient-reported scar outcome was significantly better in the no-mesh group (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Our novel method of donor-site closure with semi-absorbable mesh in a subfascial position for reinforcement of the anterior rectus fascia on the DIEP donor site is safe. It has no negative impact on surgical site complications and patient-reported outcomes, while reducing the incidence of hernias on the donor-site in DIEP flap breast reconstruction. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

3.
Pneumologie ; 75(1): 60-66, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33461235

RESUMO

Extracorporeal lung support (ECLS) is of increasing importance in general thoracic surgery. Different modes of ECLS may be applied in several situations throughout the perioperative phase and are adapted to the individual patient's needs and the planned surgical procedures. ECLS is not a static procedure and should be always evaluated according to the present condition of the patient. Therefore, it is essential to understand the pathophysiology of the disease and the different ECLS modes, as well as the different cannulation options, in order to be able to use the different escalation and de-escalation techniques in accordance with the clinical situation.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Pulmão/fisiologia , Cirurgia Torácica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos/métodos , Humanos
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The safety and efficacy of the Woven EndoBridge (WEB) device has been shown in multiple good clinical practice trials, whereas aneurysm locations in these trials were restricted to bifurcation aneurysms located at the circle of Willis (MCA bifurcation, ICA bifurcation, anterior communicating artery, basilar artery tip). Our aim was to evaluate angiographic and clinical results with the WEB 17 in aneurysm locations that were excluded from the good clinical practice trials, assuming that the angiographic and clinical results are similar to those of the good clinical practice trials for aneurysms in traditional locations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed retrospective analysis of immediate and follow-up results of aneurysms in locations outside the good clinical practice trials in which the WEB 17 was used on an intention-to-treat approach. RESULTS: Between June 2017 and May 2020, forty-seven aneurysms in 44 patients met the inclusion criteria. Aneurysm locations were the ICA posterior communicating artery in 19 (40.3%), the ICA paraophthalmic or choroidal locations in 4 (8.6%), anterior cerebral artery A2 segment in 13 (27.7%), MCA M1 segment in 2 (4.3%), posterior cerebral artery P2 segment in 2 (4.3%), PICA in 3 (6.4%), and the superior cerebellar artery in 4 (8.4%) cases. The procedure-related morbidity and mortality rates in the entire series were 0.0%. The early and late (<12 and >12 months) complete occlusion rates were 63.9% (23/36) and 77.8% (14/18), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The WEB 17 is safe and effective in aneurysm locations different from the traditional bifurcation aneurysms included in the good clinical practice trials. Further studies will help to define the entire spectrum of aneurysm morphologies and locations suitable for the WEB 17.

5.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 306, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33256710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a rare but feared complication in hand surgery. Although multimodal therapy concepts are recommended, there is only low evidence on efficacy of such approaches. Furthermore, recommendations regarding therapy duration are lacking. Aim of this study was to validate the efficacy of an International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-based multidisciplinary rehabilitation concept for treatment of CRPS of the hand and to find correlations between therapy duration and outcome measures. METHODS: Patients with CRPS of the hand after occupational trauma that underwent an ICF-based rehabilitation program between 2010 and 2014 were included in this retrospective study. Besides demographic data, outcomes included pain (VAS), range of motion assessed by fingertip-to-palm-distance (PTPD) and fingernail-to-table-distance (FTTD) as well as strength in grip, 3-point pinch and lateral pinch. All measures were gathered at admission to and discharge from inpatient rehabilitation therapy as well as at follow-up. Statistical analysis included paired t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation analysis. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients with a mean age of 45 years were included in this study. Duration of rehabilitation therapy was 53 days on average. All outcomes improved significantly during rehabilitation therapy. Pain decreased from 6.4 to 2.2. PTPD of digit 2 to 5 improved from 2.5, 2.8, 2.6, and 2.3 cm to 1.3, 1.4, 1.2, and 1.1 cm, respectively. FTTD of digit 2 to 5 decreased from 1.5, 1.7, 1.5, and 1.6 cm to 0.6, 0.8, 0.7, and 0.7 cm, respectively. Strength ameliorated from 9.5, 3.7, 2.7 kg to 17.9, 5.6, 5.0 kg in grip, lateral pinch, and 3-point pinch, respectively. Improvement in range of motion significantly correlated with therapy duration. 54% of patients participated at follow-up after a mean of 7.5 months. Outcome measures at follow-up remained stable compared to discharge values without significant differences. CONCLUSION: The ICF-based rehabilitation concept is a reliable and durable treatment option for CRPS of the hand. Range of motion improved continuously with therapy duration and thus may serve as an indicator for optimum length of therapy.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303523

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stent-assisted treatment techniques can be an effective treatment option for intracranial aneurysms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the periprocedural feasibility and safety of the new LVIS EVO stent for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with intracranial aneurysms treated with the LVIS EVO in 11 European neurovascular centers were retrospectively reviewed. Patient and aneurysm characteristics, procedural parameters, immediate grade of occlusion, and technical and clinical complications were assessed. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients with 59 aneurysms were treated with the LVIS EVO device; 57.6% of the aneurysms were incidental; 15.3% were acutely ruptured; 15.3% were recanalized or residual aneurysms; and 11.9% were treated for symptoms other than acute hemorrhage. The most frequent aneurysm locations were the middle cerebral artery (25.4%) and the anterior communicating artery (22.0%). The rate of immediate successful deployment was 93.2%. In 6.8% (n = 4) of cases, additional in-stent angioplasty was needed. The immediate complete occlusion rate was 54.2%, while there was a residual aneurysm in 35.6% and a residual neck in 10.2%. Periprocedural technical complications occurred in 7/59 treatments (11.9%; the most frequent technical complication [n = 3] was thrombus formation), which all resolved completely without clinical sequelae. Postprocedural neurologic complications occurred after 4/59 treatments (6.8%; 2 transient ischemic attacks, 1 minor stroke, 1 major stroke), of which only 1 persistent complication was directly related to the procedure (minor stroke in the vascular territory distal to the stent). CONCLUSIONS: The LVIS EVO stent is a safe, feasible device for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189621

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Free microvascular muscle flaps represent well-established reconstructive options for complex soft tissue defects. However, due to their lack of cutaneous capillary beds, they are difficult to monitor postoperatively. To this end, random and axial-pattern adipocutaneous skin paddles are often included. The objective of the study was to compare the impact of random-pattern versus perforator-based adipocutaneous skin paddles on operative efficacy and muscle flap safety. METHODS: Between August 2014 and July 2016, a total of 120 free muscle flaps were included in this retrospective monocentric cohort study. Based on their skin-paddle type, they were either grouped into a 'perforator-based' (group Pb) or 'random-pattern' (group Rp) cohort. The electronic medical records and operative reports of all patients were subsequently reviewed and patient, defect, and flap characteristics of both groups were compared. The effect of the competing skin paddle types on the overall operative time, incidences of flap loss or microvascular complications, and total length of hospital stay were then assessed. RESULTS: Group Pb comprised 72 flaps, whereas 48 flaps constituted group Rp. Patient, defect, and flap characteristics were similar between both groups. Groups Pb and Rp were comparable regarding patient age (group Pb: 61 (10-90) vs. Rp: 59 (13-81), p = 0.556), ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) class (group Pb: 3 (1-4) vs. Rp 3 (1-3), p = 0.977), and comorbidities, summarized by the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI; group Pb: 1 (0-4 vs. Rp: 1 (0-5), p = 0.295). Both types of monitoring skin paddles were equally reliable. There was no significant difference in the mean operation time between both groups (group Pb: 373 ±â€¯122 min vs. Rp: 342 ±â€¯84 min, p = 0.124). In-patient treatment after flap surgery and total length of hospital stay were significantly shorter in group Pb (group Pb: 24 ±â€¯10 days vs. Rp: 32 ±â€¯17 days, p = 0.002 and group Pb: 39 ±â€¯15 vs. Rp: 48 ±â€¯24, p = 0.022). CONCLUSION: Perforator-based skin paddles are a reliable tool for postoperative perfusion monitoring of free muscle flaps and help avoid additional surgical interventions as opposed to their random-pattern counterparts. Thus, the overall and postoperative length of hospital stay is significantly reduced.

8.
Clin Neuroradiol ; 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The principle of flow diversion has revolutionized the treatment of brain aneurysms. In this study, we report our experience of the new Surpass Evolve (SE) flow diverter in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients were treated with the SE as first-line therapy between May 2019 and June 2020 at 2 experienced institutions. Inclusion criteria were wide-necked, blister-like, or fusiform/dissecting aneurysms in the anterior and posterior circulation. Primary endpoint was technical success defined as favorable navigation to the target vessel and successful deployment of the SE. Secondary endpoints were favorable aneurysm occlusion defined as O'Kelly Marotta (OKM) scale C1-3 + D on follow-up, procedure-related complications and retreatment. RESULTS: A total of 46 aneurysms in 42 patients were treated with 57 SE flow diverters. Median aneurysm size was 6.6 mm (IQR 4.0-12.2 mm) with a median neck width of 4 mm (IQR 2.2-5.4 mm). On admission, 6 (13%) aneurysms were ruptured and 41 (89%) were located in the anterior circulation. The primary endpoint was reached in 96%. Median follow-up was 116 days (IQR 92-134 days) and available for 36/46 (78%) aneurysms. Favorable aneurysm occlusion was seen in 31/36 (86%) aneurysms and 27/36 (75%) were occluded completely. Parent artery occlusion appeared in 3 (3%) patients on follow-up and 2 aneurysms (6%) required additional treatment due to insufficient closure. CONCLUSION: The new SE flow diverter is safe and seems to be effective with promising occlusion rates at short-term follow-up.

9.
Hautarzt ; 71(12): 950-959, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141276

RESUMO

Pigmentary disorders and hyperpigmentation are widespread. Dark skin types in particular show a tendency to formation of melasmas and to hyperpigmentation. Light skin types have a tendency to ephelides and solar lentigines. In addition to topical treatment with lightening substances, superficial chemical peeling as well as combined procedures of topical treatment with chemical peeling play an important role in the treatment of hyperpigmentation. A strict avoidance of UV light and consequent daily application of sun protectíon factor 50+ are mandatory for successful treatment.


Assuntos
Abrasão Química , Hiperpigmentação , Lentigo , Melanose , Abrasão Química/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hiperpigmentação/induzido quimicamente , Hiperpigmentação/tratamento farmacológico , Melanose/tratamento farmacológico
10.
Clin Neuroradiol ; 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The concept of intrasaccular flow diversion using the Woven EndoBridge (WEB) device changed the traditional endovascular concept for wide-necked bifurcation aneurysms. The latest technical advancement resulted in the WEB 17 system, a softer device composed of fewer wires which enables treatment of smaller more distally located aneurysms by using smaller microcatheters as compared to the WEB 21 system. OBJECTIVE: This retrospective observational study aimed to evaluate and compare the angiographic and clinical results achieved with WEB 21 and WEB 17 in aneurysm morphologies eligible for both systems (maximum width 3-6 mm). METHODS: Between August 2014 and August 2019 a total of 63 and 130 aneurysms with a maximum width of 3-6 mm were treated with either WEB 21 and WEB 17, respectively, at 2 neurovascular centers. Cases were analyzed based on a comparison regarding aneurysm size, location and rupture status. RESULTS: The technical success, the periprocedural complication rate and the rate of additional devices used showed no relevant differences between the two groups. Aneurysms treated with the WEB 17 system were smaller and more frequently distally located. The overall complete occlusion rate at 3 months was higher in the WEB 17 group (65.5% versus 55.1%). The superiority of complete aneurysm occlusion achieved with WEB 17 was statistically significant in the subgroup of unruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysms. CONCLUSION: The use of WEB 17 expands the treatment indications for intrasaccular flow-diversion towards smaller and more distally located aneurysms with a safety profile comparable with that of the WEB 21.

11.
Cancer Cell Int ; 20: 390, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817744

RESUMO

Background: The introduction of combined conventional cytostatics and pathway-specific inhibitors has opened new treatment options for several cancer types including hematologic neoplasia such as leukaemias. As the detailed understanding of the combination-induced molecular effects is often lacking, the identification of combination-induced molecular mechanisms bears significant value for the further development of interventional approaches. Methods: Combined application of conventional cytostatic agents (cytarabine and dexamethasone) with the PI3K-inhibitor Idelalisib was analysed on cell-biologic parameters in two acute pro-B lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) cell lines. In particular, for comparative characterisation of the molecular signatures induced by the combined and mono application, whole transcriptome sequencing was performed. Emphasis was placed on pathways and genes exclusively regulated by drug combinations. Results: Idelalisib + cytostatics combinations changed pathway activation for, e.g., "Retinoblastoma in cancer", "TGF-b signalling", "Cell cycle" and "DNA-damage response" to a greater extent than the two cytostatics alone. Analyses of the top-20 regulated genes revealed that both combinations induce characteristic gene expression changes. Conclusion: A specific set of genes was exclusively deregulated by the drug combinations, matching the combination-specific anti-proliferative cell-biologic effects. The addition of Idelalisib suggests minor synergistic effects which are rather to be classified as additive.

12.
Med Vet Entomol ; 34(4): 432-439, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32671880

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of egg dormancy times on susceptibility of larvae of the floodwater mosquito Aedes albifasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) to parasitism by their natural enemy Strelkovimermis spiculatus (Nematoda: Mermithidae) and on their life history traits. Aedes albifasciatus eggs stored for 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 months were hatched, and the larvae either exposed to S. spiculatus (treatment group) or not exposed (control group). Egg dormancy time had a negative effect on the retention of parasites, but no effect on the prevalence and intensity of parasitism or the melanization of nematodes. The survival to adulthood of control individuals decreased as dormancy time increased, whereas that of exposed individuals that remained uninfected was constant and low. A trend towards increasing development times with longer dormancy times was detected in the control group, but not in the exposed noninfected group. The results suggest nonconsumptive effects of parasites in exposed but not infected larvae from eggs with short dormancy times. In contrast, the relatively low fitness of larvae from eggs with long dormancy times regardless of their contact with the nematodes may be the result of the nutritional deprivation during the egg stage.

13.
R Soc Open Sci ; 7(5): 191858, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32537194

RESUMO

Human traffic along roads can be a major vector for infectious diseases and invasive species. Though most road traffic is local, a small number of long-distance trips can suffice to move an invasion or disease front forward. Therefore, understanding how many agents travel over long distances and which routes they choose is key to successful management of diseases and invasions. Stochastic gravity models have been used to estimate the distribution of trips between origins and destinations of agents. However, in large-scale systems, it is hard to collect the data required to fit these models, as the number of long-distance travellers is small, and origins and destinations can have multiple access points. Therefore, gravity models often provide only relative measures of the agent flow. Furthermore, gravity models yield no insights into which roads agents use. We resolve these issues by combining a stochastic gravity model with a stochastic route choice model. Our hybrid model can be fitted to survey data collected at roads that are used by many long-distance travellers. This decreases the sampling effort, allows us to obtain absolute predictions of both vector pressure and pathways, and permits rigorous model validation. After introducing our approach in general terms, we demonstrate its benefits by applying it to the potential invasion of zebra and quagga mussels (Dreissena spp.) to the Canadian province British Columbia. The model yields an R 2-value of 0.73 for variance-corrected agent counts at survey locations.

14.
Clin Neuroradiol ; 2020 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32529306

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a manually expandable stent retriever (Tigertriever, Rapid Medical, Yoqneam, Israel) in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke caused by intracranial large vessel occlusions (LVO). METHODS: We performed a single center retrospective analysis of all patients treated by mechanical thrombectomy due to LVO using the Tigertriever. The angiographic and clinical success was evaluated by the modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction score (mTICI) and the modified Rankin score (mRS). RESULTS: A total of 68 acute intracranial arterial occlusions in 61 patients (42 female, median age 77 years, range 43-92 years) were treated by mechanical thrombectomy using the Tigertriever. The overall successful reperfusion rate (mTICI 2b-3) was 85.3% (58/68 occlusions) with a first pass effect (mTICI 3) of 23.5% (16/68 occlusions). In 57 of the 68 occlusions the Tigertriever was used on an intention to treat approach with a success rate of 86.0% and in the 11 remaining occlusions where the Tigertriever was used as a bail-out device the success rate was 81.9%. In seven patients a mild subarachnoid hemorrhage occurred (11.5%) and one symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage was observed (1.6%). At discharge 39.3% of the patients (24/61) had a favorable outcome (mRS 0-2). CONCLUSION: The Tigertriever offers a safe and effective treatment option in ischemic stroke due to LVOs with reperfusion rates and a safety profile similar to alternative devices. The Tigertriever is a promising bail-out tool in complex cases. Its role as a first line device has to be evaluated in further prospective studies.

15.
J Chem Phys ; 152(18): 184102, 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414274

RESUMO

Specialized computational chemistry packages have permanently reshaped the landscape of chemical and materials science by providing tools to support and guide experimental efforts and for the prediction of atomistic and electronic properties. In this regard, electronic structure packages have played a special role by using first-principle-driven methodologies to model complex chemical and materials processes. Over the past few decades, the rapid development of computing technologies and the tremendous increase in computational power have offered a unique chance to study complex transformations using sophisticated and predictive many-body techniques that describe correlated behavior of electrons in molecular and condensed phase systems at different levels of theory. In enabling these simulations, novel parallel algorithms have been able to take advantage of computational resources to address the polynomial scaling of electronic structure methods. In this paper, we briefly review the NWChem computational chemistry suite, including its history, design principles, parallel tools, current capabilities, outreach, and outlook.

17.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 41(3): 464-468, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Large intracranial vessel occlusion due to calcified emboli is a rare cause of major stroke. We assessed the prevalence, imaging appearance, the effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy, and clinical outcome of patients with large-vessel occlusion due to calcified emboli. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of clinical and procedural data of consecutive patients who underwent mechanical thrombectomy due to calcified emboli in 7 European stroke centers. RESULTS: We screened 2969 patients, and 40 patients matched the inclusion criteria, accounting for a prevalence of 1.3%. The mean maximal density of the thrombus was 327 HU (range, 150-1200 HU), and the mean thrombus length was 9.2 mm (range, 4-20 mm). Four patients had multiple calcified emboli, and 2 patients had an embolic event during an endovascular intervention. A modified TICI score of ≥2b was achieved in 57.5% (23/40), with minimal-to-no reperfusion (modified TICI 0-1) in 32.5% (13/40) and incomplete reperfusion (modified TICI 2a) in 10% (4/40). Excellent outcome (mRS 0-1) was achieved in only 20.6%, functional independence (mRS 0-2) in 26.5% and 90-day mortality was 55.9%. CONCLUSIONS: Acute ischemic stroke with large-vessel occlusion due to calcified emboli is a rare entity in patients undergoing thrombectomy, with considerably worse angiographic outcome and a higher mortality compared with patients with noncalcified thrombi. Good functional recovery at 3 months can still be achieved in about a quarter of patients.


Assuntos
Embolia/patologia , Embolia/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Trombectomia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Calcinose/patologia , Calcinose/cirurgia , Embolia/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Reperfusão/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Interv Neuroradiol ; 26(2): 235-238, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645157

RESUMO

Tinnitus is a common symptom with an incidence of 4-20%. Pulsatile tinnitus represents a minor subgroup of less than 10% of all patients suffering from tinnitus. Pulsatile tinnitus - different from permanent mostly idiopathic tinnitus is mainly caused by physical sources related to vascular pathologies resulting in a change in blood volume and pressure or an alteration of the vessel lumen. Differential diagnosis for pulsatile tinnitus include dural arteriovenous fistulas, glomus tumors of the jugular foramen and the middle ear or atherosclerotic diseases of the carotid artery in the petrous or cavernous segment. Anomalies of the dural sinuses and the jugular bulb have been described as rare sources of synchronized tinnitus. The Woven EndoBridge (WEB, Microvention, Tustin, CA) is an intraaneurysmal flow diverter for the treatment of broad-based arterial aneurysms with a high safety and effectiveness profile. The initial version of the WEB with a dual layer structure evolved to a single layer structure in two different versions (WEB SL, WEB SLS). The WEB system does not require a concomitant antiplatelet therapy compared to other intraluminal devices as extra-aneurysmal flow-diverters or intracranial stents. Here we describe a case of an aneurysmatic diverticulum of the jugular bulb in a patient with ipsilateral pulsatile tinnitus treated with a WEB device.

19.
Genetics ; 214(2): 295-303, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843756

RESUMO

Standard methods for case-control association studies of rare variation often treat disease outcome as a dichotomous phenotype. However, both theoretical and experimental studies have demonstrated that subjects with a family history of disease can be enriched for risk variation relative to subjects without such history. Assuming family history information is available, this observation motivates the idea of replacing the standard dichotomous outcome variable used in case-control studies with a more informative ordinal outcome variable that distinguishes controls (0), sporadic cases (1), and cases with a family history (2), with the expectation that we should observe increasing number of risk variants with increasing category of the ordinal variable. To leverage this expectation, we propose a novel rare-variant association test that incorporates family history information based on our previous GAMuT framework for rare-variant association testing of multivariate phenotypes. We use simulated data to show that, when family history information is available, our new method outperforms standard rare-variant association methods, like burden and SKAT tests, that ignore family history. We further illustrate our method using a rare-variant study of cleft lip and palate.

20.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(22): 221802, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868426

RESUMO

We report on the neutrino mass measurement result from the first four-week science run of the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino experiment KATRIN in spring 2019. Beta-decay electrons from a high-purity gaseous molecular tritium source are energy analyzed by a high-resolution MAC-E filter. A fit of the integrated electron spectrum over a narrow interval around the kinematic end point at 18.57 keV gives an effective neutrino mass square value of (-1.0_{-1.1}^{+0.9}) eV^{2}. From this, we derive an upper limit of 1.1 eV (90% confidence level) on the absolute mass scale of neutrinos. This value coincides with the KATRIN sensitivity. It improves upon previous mass limits from kinematic measurements by almost a factor of 2 and provides model-independent input to cosmological studies of structure formation.

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