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1.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 28(5): E44-8, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27145055

RESUMO

Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is an uncommon but serious complication following radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation. Occurrence of this complication has risen with increased rates of ablation procedures, with >50,000 AF ablation procedures performed per year, and can occur within weeks to months post procedure. Currently, the main therapies for PVS include percutaneous interventions with balloon angioplasty and stenting, but these treatments are complicated by a high rate of restenosis. The optimal treatment for recurrent pulmonary vein in-stent restenosis has not been determined. We describe the novel use of a paclitaxel drug-coated balloon for the treatment of in-stent restenosis of the pulmonary veins.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/métodos , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Stents Farmacológicos , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Estenose de Veia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Adulto , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/complicações , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Estenose de Veia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Estenose de Veia Pulmonar/etiologia
2.
J Interv Card Electrophysiol ; 47(1): 37-43, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26956986

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Recent changes to medical specialty certification in the USA have prompted the process to come under intense scrutiny. METHODS: We review the history of board certification and the changes made to the process. As part of this review, we examine both literature and public record to examine the motives behind the changes made. We then review the legal challenges and changes under way to modify the current ABMS board re-certification process. RESULTS: In 1917, the first board certification was a lifetime designation, voluntary, and managed by unpaid board members with a focus to enhance quality for patients. Corresponding to the implementation of time-limited certification, $55 million of physician testing fees were transferred from the American Board of Internal Medicine to its Foundation between 1989 and 1999. From 2000 through 2007, and additional $20.66 million were transferred from the ABIM to its Foundation culminating in the purchase of a $2.3 million luxury condominium in December 2007. CONCLUSIONS: Significant financial conflicts of interest for the implementation of time-limited specialty certification exited and continue to plague the medical profession. The specialty boards and the organizations that created them should remove all requirements for time-limited board certification and resort to conventional self-selected ACGME-approved CME programs for ongoing education.


Assuntos
Certificação/normas , Competência Clínica/normas , Avaliação Educacional/normas , Guias como Assunto , Medicina/normas , Conselhos de Especialidade Profissional/normas , Membro de Comitê , Estados Unidos
4.
Recurso na Internet em Inglês | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-28141

RESUMO

Atividade de educação médica continuada onde Ted E. Feldman (moderador), Westby G. Fisher (palestrante) e Rena L. Silver (palestrante) discorrem sobre a redução de riscos da morte cardíaca súbita pós angioplastia coronária. Há a possibilidade de assistir ao vídeo, ler a transcrição das falas com slides e fazer o download dos slides ou do áudio. Também traz a possibilidade de realizar o teste de educação médica continuada da atividade e informação de como obter créditos pela mesma. Necessário estar cadastrado no site www.theheart.org para acesso ao material.


Assuntos
Educação Médica Continuada , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Cardiomiopatias , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Filme e Vídeo Educativo
5.
Heart Rhythm ; 7(9): 1346-55, 2010 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20659587

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent economic trends influenced by healthcare reform, an aging population, changes in physician reimbursement, and increasing competition will have a significant impact on the electrophysiology workforce. Therefore, there is an important need to obtain information about the EP workforce to assess training of arrhythmic healthcare providers in order the meet the requisite societal need. This report summarizes the data collected by the HRS Workforce Study Task Force in relation to physician workforce issues. OBJECTIVE: The HRS Workforce Study Task Force was charged with conducting a comprehensive study to assess changes in the field of electrophysiology since the last workforce study conducted in 2001 and to identify the population and distribution of professionals who treat patients with heart rhythm disorders. METHODS: A series of comprehensive questionnaires were designed by the HRS Workforce Study Task Force to conduct online surveys with physicians, basic science researchers, and allied professionals. Data collected in the physician survey included: personal demographics and professional profile characteristics such as primary work setting and areas of affiliation; workload characteristics such as hours worked, time spent by activity, workload relative to capacity, competition for patients, volume by specific procedure, sources of referrals, income levels, personal mobility, and anticipated future changes in the respondent's practice. Survey responses were collated and analyzed by the Workforce Study Task Force. RESULTS: Work capacity is expected to increase to offset some of the economic drivers; however, recruitment of new EPs could be challenging and uncertain. Specifically, geographic mobility (>50 miles) appears to be minimal at present overall and unlikely to significantly change for the majority of physicians once they have established themselves in a given community following the completion of their training. Practice time is predominantly spent performing device implantations, device follow-ups and ablations. These activities are being tasked upon younger physicians, thereby suggesting a need for trained allied professionals to assume a greater role in device management. The perception of competition varied by respondent age and geographic location but, in general, was felt to be at least moderate by most respondents. Furthermore, there are concerns that increasing competition may dilute operator experience and potentially lower high quality outcomes if increasing competition leads to lower procedural volumes. CONCLUSION: Based on findings from this study, the task force identified specific workforce (supply) trends and the key drivers of current and future challenges. Although specific areas will require further analysis, overall, the current EP workforce is stable, with the exception of geographic dispersion. However, the workforce must adapt to the key economic drivers (demand) and address future recruitment challenges.


Assuntos
Eletrofisiologia , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Mão de Obra em Saúde/tendências , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/tendências , Médicos/provisão & distribução , Sociedades Médicas , Adulto , Idoso , Canadá , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos , Carga de Trabalho
6.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 46(12): 2298-304, 2005 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16360062

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The InSync III study evaluated sequential cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with moderate-to-severe heart failure and prolonged QRS. BACKGROUND: Simultaneous CRT improves hemodynamic and clinical performance in patients with moderate-to-severe heart failure (HF) and a wide QRS. Recent evidence suggests that sequentially stimulating the ventricles might provide additional benefit. METHODS: This multicenter, prospective, nonrandomized, six-month trial enrolled a total of 422 patients to determine the effectiveness of sequential CRT in patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III or IV HF and a prolonged QRS. The study evaluated: whether patients receiving sequential CRT for six months experienced improvement in 6-min hall walk (6MHW) distance, NYHA functional class, and quality of life (QoL) over control group patients from the reported Multicenter InSync Randomized Clinical Evaluation (MIRACLE) trial; whether sequential CRT increased stroke volume compared to simultaneous CRT; and whether an increase in stroke volume translated into greater clinical improvements compared to patients receiving simultaneous CRT. RESULTS: InSync III patients experienced greater improvement in 6MHW, NYHA functional class, and QoL at six months compared to control (all p < 0.0001). Optimization of the sequential pacing increased (median 7.3%) stroke volume in 77% of patients. No additional improvement in NYHA functional class or QoL was seen compared to the simultaneous CRT group; however, InSync III patients demonstrated greater exercise capacity. CONCLUSIONS: Sequential CRT provided most patients with a modest increase in stroke volume above that achieved during simultaneous CRT. Patients receiving sequential CRT had improved exercise capacity, but no change in functional status or QoL.


Assuntos
Baixo Débito Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Baixo Débito Cardíaco/terapia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/métodos , Idoso , Baixo Débito Cardíaco/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Caminhada
7.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 46(12): 2348-56, 2005 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16360070

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of implanting a cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) system. BACKGROUND: Clinicians and patients require data on the safety of the CRT implant procedure to estimate procedural risk. METHODS: We evaluated outcomes of transvenous CRT system implantation in 2,078 patients from the Multicenter InSync Randomized Clinical Evaluation (MIRACLE) study, the MIRACLE Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) study, and the InSync III study. We compared the MIRACLE study to the InSync III study and the MIRACLE ICD study randomized phase to its general phase to evaluate the effect of new technologies. RESULTS: The implant attempt succeeded in 1,903 of 2,078 (91.6%) patients. Implant time decreased from 2.7 h in the MIRACLE study to 2.3 h in the InSync III study (p < 0.001), and from 2.8 h in the MIRACLE ICD study randomized phase to 2.4 h in the general phase (p < 0.001). The implant procedure produced 62 perioperative complications in 53 (9.3%) MIRACLE trial patients; 159 in 135 (21.1%) MIRACLE ICD study randomized phase patients and 71 in 62 (13.9%) general phase patients (p < 0.05 vs. randomized); and 41 in 37 (8.8%) InSync III study patients (p = NS vs. the MIRACLE study). We observed 73 postoperative complications in 62 (11.7%) MIRACLE trial patients, 77 in 68 (11.9%) MIRACLE ICD study randomized phase patients and 56 in 45 (11.0%) general phase patients (p = NS), and 37 in 34 (8.6%) InSync III study patients (p = NS). A total of 8% of patients required reoperation to treat lead dislodgement, extracardiac stimulation, or infection during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Transvenous CRT system implantation appears safe, well-tolerated, has a high success rate, and improves with operator experience and the addition of new technologies.


Assuntos
Baixo Débito Cardíaco/terapia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/métodos , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Feminino , Migração de Corpo Estranho/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Reoperação , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Electrocardiol ; 37 Suppl: 91-7, 2004.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15534816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine atrial organization from vectorcardiograms (VCGs) derived from the surface ECG of atrial fibrillatory waves. METHODS: We retrieved ECGs recorded during ventricular asystole from 22 patients with AF undergoing ablation of the AV junction. The synthesized VCG of each f-wave cycle of each ECG and its plane of best fit, described by azimuth and elevation angles relative to the frontal plane, were computed. RESULTS: Fifteen of the 22 ECGs had at least 30% of the planes in a single 30-degree region of azimuth angles. Of these 15, 12 had the greatest percentage of planes with azimuth angles within 30 degrees of the sagittal plane; two were near the frontal plane; and one near the right anterior oblique plane. CONCLUSIONS: Varying degrees of organization were observed from VCGs of fibrillatory waves with the more organized examples having planes predominately near the sagittal plane.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Vetorcardiografia , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Nó Atrioventricular/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter , Feminino , Parada Cardíaca Induzida , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Marca-Passo Artificial/classificação , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Vetorcardiografia/classificação , Vetorcardiografia/métodos
9.
Circulation ; 107(15): 1985-90, 2003 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12668512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has recently emerged as an effective treatment for patients with moderate to severe systolic heart failure and ventricular dyssynchrony. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether improvements in left ventricular (LV) size and function were associated with CRT. METHODS AND RESULTS: Doppler echocardiograms were obtained at baseline and at 3 and 6 months after therapy in 323 patients enrolled in the Multicenter InSync Randomized Clinical Evaluation (MIRACLE) trial. Of these, 172 patients were randomized to CRT on and 151 patients to CRT off. Measurements were made of LV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes, ejection fraction, LV mass, severity of mitral regurgitation (MR), peak transmitral velocities during early (E-wave) and late (A-wave) diastolic filling, and the myocardial performance index. At 6 months, CRT was associated with reduced end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes (both P<0.001), reduced LV mass (P<0.01), increased ejection fraction (P<0.001), reduced MR (P<0.001), and improved myocardial performance index (P<0.001) compared with control. beta-Blocker treatment status did not influence the effect of CRT. Improvements with CRT were greater in patients with a nonischemic versus ischemic cause of heart failure. CONCLUSIONS: CRT in patients with moderate-to-severe heart failure who were treated with optimal medical therapy is associated with reverse LV remodeling, improved systolic and diastolic function, and decreased MR. LV remodeling likely contributes to the symptomatic benefits of CRT and may herald improved longer-term survival.


Assuntos
Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Volume Cardíaco , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/métodos , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Método Duplo-Cego , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Testes de Função Cardíaca , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia
10.
J Electrocardiol ; 36 Suppl: 181-6, 2003.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14716630

RESUMO

We hypothesized that if the right atrial circuit during isthmus dependent atrial flutter provides the dominant contribution to the surface electrocardiogram (ECG), the three-dimensional vector loop of the flutter waves would primarily be in a plane approximately parallel to the tricuspid ring. Twenty vectorcardiograms of isthmus dependent atrial flutter derived from 12-lead ECGs of 19 patients recorded prior to radiofrequency ablation were analyzed. The plane of each loop, described by azimuth and elevation angles relative to the frontal plane, was estimated with two methods: 1) plane of maximum loop area and 2) plane of best fit. The plane of maximum loop of the loops had mean azimuth of -58 +/- 37 degrees. and elevation of 15 +/- 15 degrees. The plane of best fit of the loops had mean azimuth of -50 +/- 46 degrees and elevation of 15 +/- 14 degrees. Thus, clinical implications include the potential to predict atrial flutter mechanisms prior to intracardiac mapping.


Assuntos
Flutter Atrial/fisiopatologia , Vetorcardiografia , Humanos , Matemática , Modelos Teóricos , Vetorcardiografia/métodos
11.
N Engl J Med ; 346(24): 1845-53, 2002 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12063368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that cardiac resynchronization achieved through atrial-synchronized biventricular pacing produces clinical benefits in patients with heart failure who have an intraventricular conduction delay. We conducted a double-blind trial to evaluate this therapeutic approach. METHODS: Four hundred fifty-three patients with moderate-to-severe symptoms of heart failure associated with an ejection fraction of 35 percent or less and a QRS interval of 130 msec or more were randomly assigned to a cardiac-resynchronization group (228 patients) or to a control group (225 patients) for six months, while conventional therapy for heart failure was maintained. The primary end points were the New York Heart Association functional class, quality of life, and the distance walked in six minutes. RESULTS: As compared with the control group, patients assigned to cardiac resynchronization experienced an improvement in the distance walked in six minutes (+39 vs. +10 m, P=0.005), functional class (P<0.001), quality of life (-18.0 vs. -9.0 points, P= 0.001), time on the treadmill during exercise testing (+81 vs. +19 sec, P=0.001), and ejection fraction (+4.6 percent vs. -0.2 percent, P<0.001). In addition, fewer patients in the group assigned to cardiac resynchronization than control patients required hospitalization (8 percent vs. 15 percent) or intravenous medications (7 percent vs. 15 percent) for the treatment of heart failure (P<0.05 for both comparisons). Implantation of the device was unsuccessful in 8 percent of patients and was complicated by refractory hypotension, bradycardia, or asystole in four patients (two of whom died) and by perforation of the coronary sinus requiring pericardiocentesis in two others. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac resynchronization results in significant clinical improvement in patients who have moderate-to-severe heart failure and an intraventricular conduction delay.


Assuntos
Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Idoso , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/classificação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Marca-Passo Artificial/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Volume Sistólico , Análise de Sobrevida
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