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4.
Creat Nurs ; 21(2): 119-22, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26094376

RESUMO

Recognizing human enlightenment is a common theme from the ancient discipline of philosophy. The budding philosophy of nursing continues to find meaning and value in advanced education. This article offers a lesson from the philosopher Plato about not knowing what we don't know. Plato's allegory of the cave offers a unique insight for nurses hesitant to return to school for advanced degrees. Those who believe that the endeavor offers little in return may find enlightenment in this two-thousand-year-old allegory. Plato's cave both encourages the reader to consider the unseen benefits of an educational journey and provides hope about the value of the unknown.


Assuntos
Educação em Enfermagem/métodos , Filosofia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Grécia , Humanos
6.
Int J Nurs Knowl ; 26(4): 156-62, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25243354

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A historical perspective on how the writings of Plato influenced Florence Nightingale in the formation of nursing as a respected profession for women. Comparing Nightingale's life and legacy to Platonic philosophy demonstrates how philosophy continues to speak to the profession of nursing practice as guardians of society in the 21st century. METHODS: A review of the literature using EBSCO, SAGEpub, MEDLINE, and CINAHL databases and hand searches of literature were initiated for the years 1990-2014 using the terms "Plato," "Nightingale," and "nursing" restricted to English. FINDINGS: Florence Nightingale, known as the mother of modern-day nursing, embodied her life and work after the philosophic tenets of Plato. Plato's Allegory of the Cave influenced Nightingale's attitudes with regard to the value of education, knowledge of the good, and the importance of imparting learned knowledge to others. Plato's work spoke of educating both men and women to seek the truth, affording both sexes to become competent as future leaders in the role of guardians to society. Nightingale's emphasis of education for women as a conduit for their usefulness to society mirrored Plato's philosophy. CONCLUSION: Over 100 years after her death, the impact Florence Nightingale still has on professional nursing practice remains. Scholarship in nursing education today is infused with a liberal arts background in philosophy, ethics, and the sciences. Nightingale's holistic concepts of person, health, and environment in the practice of nursing coalesced with her statistical analyses in validating nursing actions foreshadowed the development of universal nursing knowledge and language base and meta-paradigm concepts in nursing. Further classification and categorization of Nightingale's concepts of assessing, implementing, and evaluating delivery of care became the linguistic precursors for the identification of nursing process, nursing actions, and nursing diagnoses. NURSING IMPLICATIONS: Plato's and Nightingale's holistic, scientific, and humanistic approach to living, and to care practice in all its dimensions, grounds the discipline of nursing in a liberal arts and critical thinking matrix, elevating nursing to higher ethical, safe, and professional levels of standards.


Assuntos
História da Enfermagem , Filosofia em Enfermagem , História do Século XIX , História Antiga
7.
Creat Nurs ; 21(4): 245-9, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26731926

RESUMO

The study of philosophy has shaped and continues to shape thinking in many disciplines. One may not initially associate philosophy with a grounding idea in the nursing profession; however, its ideas fit the contour of the discipline and foster critical thinking. The philosophical nurse examines his or her practice in depth to understand human processes and deepen thinking through the teachings of philosophy. The following discussion is an overview of Daoism (the "Way") and its main ideas; these ideas will then be applied to nursing practice and human response to illness. The analogy of a flowing river helps to enrich and enlighten our understanding of Daoist teachings. The practitioner cannot fight the flow of a river, just as the practitioner cannot prevent illness from occurring in one's existence. We can only supply the interventions to encourage equilibrium and maintain harmony. There will be obstacles; however, the practitioner who realizes that these obstacles are part of the "Way" will find understanding and a deeper knowledge base in caring for patients.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Filosofia em Enfermagem , Religião e Medicina , Humanos
8.
NASN Sch Nurse ; 29(6): 310-4, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25417332

RESUMO

As a health care provider, health educator, and school/family/community liaison, the school nurse is in a unique position to act as a change agent for youth substance abuse prevention. This article discusses the roles of the school nurse as they apply to the prevention of substance abuse among school-age children, across a continuum of care model first introduced by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1994. Through careful assessment, identification of substance abuse risk factors, and promoting the enhancement of protective factors of students, both in and out of the school setting, the school nurse can play a vital role in the prevention of substance abuse. Existing tools, including the IOM Mental Health Intervention Spectrum Model, can be easily adapted to nursing practice and may prove helpful in assisting school nurses in the evaluation and implementation of effective prevention interventions in the school setting.


Assuntos
Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração , Serviços de Enfermagem Escolar/métodos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos
9.
J Nurs Adm ; 44(7/8): 375-7, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25072225

RESUMO

Emergency departments are facing challenges that affect their operation such as overcrowding, boarding of admitted patients, poor outcomes due to extended waiting times to see a physician, difficulty meeting patient satisfaction benchmarks, and surges in patient census and acuity. Processes and procedures must be reviewed for effectiveness and dissected for obstacles to survive and flourish in the face of these challenges. In an effort to improve patient satisfaction, decrease waiting times, improve clinical care, and decrease lost revenue from patients leaving without treatment, several methods were investigated and implemented at the Ocean Care Center, New Jersey's 1st satellite emergency department. Innovations included immediate bedding, optimizing use of point-of-care testing, utilizing midlevel providers, utilizing protocol orders, and using nontraditional beds.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Centros Comunitários de Saúde , Aglomeração , Eficiência Organizacional , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/economia , New Jersey
15.
Gastroenterol Nurs ; 35(4): 248-54, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22847283

RESUMO

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease affecting individuals at any time across the developmental lifespan. The only treatment for celiac disease is lifelong adherence to a gluten-free diet to prevent future complications and malignancies. The ratio of occurrence between children and adolescents is 1:104. When the phase of adolescence is coalesced with having celiac disease, normal developmental tasks become more challenging, therefore impacting adherence with the gluten-free diet. An abundance of both qualitative and quantitative studies from the Netherlands, Europe, and Canada focusing on adolescents with celiac disease and adherence to the gluten-free diet was found in the literature. Conversely, in the United States, there was a dearth of literature examining adolescents diagnosed with celiac disease, their adherence to a gluten-free diet, and their lived experience of having celiac disease. The relevance to nursing practice and recommendations for future research are discussed in light of these findings.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento do Adolescente , Doença Celíaca/dietoterapia , Dieta Livre de Glúten , Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia , Adolescente , Doença Celíaca/enfermagem , Doença Celíaca/psicologia , Humanos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Grupo Associado , Assunção de Riscos , Identificação Social , Estigma Social , Apoio Social
17.
J Sch Nurs ; 25(1): 40-7, 2009 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19197017

RESUMO

Members of the Armed Services and Reserve Unit Members, both male and female, are being deployed to distant lands for long periods of time, disrupting family life and causing stressful times for the adults and children in the family. Traditionally, the mother of the military family was left to be the caregiver after the deployment of the husband/father. Today, extended family members as well as mothers or fathers are asked to serve as caregivers for dependent children of deployed servicemen and servicewomen. This article provides information about the challenges families face and the psychosocial developmental needs of children and families during the five stages of military deployment: predeployment, deployment, sustainment, redeployment, and postdeployment. School nurses can offer children and families support and link them with available resources and networks that will assist them with their needs.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Relações Familiares , Militares/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Serviços de Enfermagem Escolar , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Estados Unidos
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