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1.
ChemistryOpen ; 5(4): 375-85, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27547648

RESUMO

Fluorescent molecular probes for metal ions have a raft of potential applications in chemistry and biomedicine. We report the synthesis and photophysical characterisation of 1,8-disubstituted-cyclam/naphthalimide conjugates and their zinc complexes. An efficient synthesis of 1,8-bis-(2-azidoethyl)cyclam has been developed and used to prepare 1,8-disubstituted triazolyl-cyclam systems, in which the pendant group is connected to triazole C4. UV/Vis and fluorescence emission spectra, zinc binding experiments, fluorescence quantum yield and lifetime measurements and pH titrations of the resultant bis-naphthalimide ligand elucidate a complex pattern of photophysical behaviour. Important differences arise from the inclusion of two fluorophores in the one probe and from the variation of triazole substitution pattern (dye at C4 vs. N1). Introducing a second fluorophore greatly extends fluorescence lifetimes, whereas the altered substitution pattern at the cyclam amines exerts a major influence on fluorescence output and metal binding. Crystal structures of two key zinc complexes evidence variations in triazole coordination that mirror the solution-phase behaviour of these systems.

2.
PLoS One ; 9(7): e100761, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24983863

RESUMO

Ligands incorporating a tetraazamacrocycle receptor, a 'click'-derived triazole and a 1,8-naphthalimide fluorophore have proven utility as probes for metal ions. Three new cyclam-based molecular probes are reported, in which a piperidinyl group has been introduced at the 4-position of the naphthalimide fluorophore. These compounds have been synthesized using the copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne Huisgen cycloaddition and their photophysical properties studied in detail. The alkylamino group induces the expected red-shift in absorption and emission spectra relative to the simple naphthalimide derivatives and gives rise to extended fluorescence lifetimes in aqueous buffer. The photophysical properties of these systems are shown to be highly solvent-dependent. Screening the fluorescence responses of the new conjugates to a wide variety of metal ions reveals significant and selective fluorescence quenching in the presence of copper(II), yet no fluorescence enhancement with zinc(II) as observed previously for the simple naphthalimide derivatives. Reasons for this different behaviour are proposed. Cytotoxicity testing shows that these new cyclam-triazole-dye conjugates display little or no toxicity against either DLD-1 colon carcinoma cells or MDA-MB-231 breast carcinoma cells, suggesting a potential role for these and related systems in biological sensing applications.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Cobre/análise , Corantes Fluorescentes , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Piperidinas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cobre/metabolismo , Feminino , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/farmacologia , Humanos
3.
J Phys Chem B ; 116(35): 10798-806, 2012 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22882140

RESUMO

Time-resolved emission data (fluorescence decay and fluorescence depolarization) of two three-color Förster resonance energy transfer (tc-FRET) systems consisting of a carbostyril donor (D), a ruthenium complex (Ru) as relay dye, and a Cy5 derivative (Cy) or, optionally, an anthraquinone quencher (Q) were carefully analyzed using advanced distribution analysis models. Thereby, it is possible to get information on the flexibility and mobility of the chromophores which are bound to double stranded (ds) DNA. Especially the distance distribution based on the analysis of the fluorescence depolarization is an attractive approach to complement data of fluorescence decay time analysis. The distance distributions extracted from the experimental data were in excellent agreement with those determined from accessible volume (AV) simulations. Moreover, the study showed that for tc-FRET systems the combination of dyes emitting on different time scales (e.g., nanoseconds vs microseconds) is highly beneficial in the distribution analysis of time-resolved luminescence data in cases where macromolecules such as DNA are involved. Here, the short lifetimes can yield information on the rotation of the dye molecule itself and the long lifetime can give insight in the overall dynamics of the macromolecule.

4.
Bioconjug Chem ; 22(9): 1852-63, 2011 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21838314

RESUMO

We report on a new three-color FRET system which we were able to verify in peptides as well as in synthetic DNA. All three chromophores could be introduced by a building block approach avoiding postsynthetic labeling. Additional features are robustness, matching spectroscopic properties, high-energy transfer, and sensitivity. The system was investigated in detail on a set of peptides as well as an array of tailored oligonucleotides. The detailed analysis of the experimental data and comparison with theoretical considerations were in excellent agreement. It is shown that in the case of polypeptides specific interaction with the fluorescence probes has to be considered. In contrast with DNA, the fluorescence probes did not show any indications of such interactions. The novel three-color FRET toolbox revealed the potential for applications studying fundamental processes of three interacting molecules in life science applications.


Assuntos
DNA/análise , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Proteínas/análise , Oligonucleotídeos/química , Peptídeos/química
5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 47(16): 4685-7, 2011 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21412564

RESUMO

The new π-conjugated 1,2,3-triazol-1,4-diyl fluoroionophore 1 generated via Cu(I) catalyzed [3 + 2] cycloaddition shows high fluorescence enhancement factors (FEF) in the presence of Na(+) (FEF=58) and K(+) (FEF=27) in MeCN and high selectivity towards K(+) under simulated physiological conditions (160 mM K(+) or Na(+), respectively) with a FEF of 2.5 for K(+).


Assuntos
Compostos Aza/química , Cumarínicos/síntese química , Fluorescência , Potássio/química , Sódio/química , Triazóis/química , Cobre/química , Cumarínicos/química , Ciclização , Estrutura Molecular , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Estereoisomerismo
6.
Bioconjug Chem ; 21(12): 2347-54, 2010 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21114283

RESUMO

We have carried out a detailed photophysical study of the FRET D/A pair consisting of a carbostyril donor and a Ru(II)bathophenanthroline complex acceptor in double-stranded synthetic DNA. Altogether 13 different double-stranded 30 base pair DNAs showing small incremental differences in the distances between donor and acceptor were synthesized. Using the fluorescence of the donor as well as of the acceptor, D/A separations were determined and compared to those derived from a well-established model for DNA distance calculations. The model calculations and anisotropy studies revealed that the donor can nearly be seen as a free rotator allowing the application of the established FRET data evaluation.


Assuntos
DNA/metabolismo , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência/métodos , Hidroxiquinolinas/metabolismo , Oligonucleotídeos/metabolismo , Compostos Organometálicos/metabolismo , Fenantrolinas/metabolismo , Quinolonas/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , DNA/síntese química , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes , Modelos Moleculares , Oligonucleotídeos/síntese química , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 46(12): 2034-6, 2010 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20221483

RESUMO

The [6.6](9,10)anthracenophane 1 (Scheme 1) is a selective fluoroionophore for the detection of PdCl(2) with a large fluorescence enhancement factor (I/I(0) > 250).

8.
Chemistry ; 16(6): 1819-25, 2010 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20024987

RESUMO

Fluoroionophores of fluorophore-spacer-receptor format were prepared for detection of PdCl(2) by fluorescence enhancement. The fluorescent probes 1-13 consist of a fluorophore group, an alkyl spacer and a dithiomaleonitrile PdCl(2) receptor. First, varying the length of the alkylene spacer (compounds 1-3) revealed a dominant through-space pathway for oxidative photoinduced electron transfer (PET) in CH(2)-bridged dithiomaleonitrile fluoroionophores. Second, fluorescent probes 4-9 containing two anthracene or pyrene fragments connected through CH(2) bridges to the dithiomaleonitrile unit were synthesized. Modulation of the oxidation potential (E(Ox)) through electron-withdrawing or -donating groups on the anthracene moiety regulates the thermodynamic driving force for oxidative PET (DeltaG(PET)) in bis(anthrylmethylthio)maleonitriles and therefore the fluorescence quantum yields (Phi(f)), too. The new concept was confirmed and transferred to pyrenyl ligands, and fluorescence enhancements (FE) greater than 3.2 in the presence of PdCl(2) were achieved by 7 and 8 (FE=5.4 and 5.2). Finally, for comparison, monofluorophore ligands 10-13 were synthesized.


Assuntos
Eletroquímica/métodos , Transporte de Elétrons , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos , Paládio/química , Elétrons/efeitos adversos , Estrutura Molecular , Fotoquímica/métodos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Eletricidade Estática/efeitos adversos , Temperatura , Termodinâmica
9.
Org Biomol Chem ; 6(13): 2355-60, 2008 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18563269

RESUMO

A feasibility study based on tailor-made peptide sequences for a new robust luminescence probe-system using the long-lived luminescence of a Ru(II)-bathophenanthroline complex in combination with an efficient anthraquinone-type quencher is presented. Due do their high chemical stability, both dyes can be introduced during solid-phase peptide synthesis avoiding post-synthetic labelling. Photophysical measurements revealed an intense quenching of the luminescence of the Ru-complex (65-68%) which was also confirmed by calculations resulting from decay time measurements. The long-lived luminescence allows for a time-gated detection scheme, which can reduce any luminescence contribution from matrix components.


Assuntos
Luminescência , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Fenantrolinas/química , Absorção , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Antraquinonas/química , Transporte de Elétrons , Transferência de Energia , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Peptídeos/química , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Z Naturforsch C J Biosci ; 61(9-10): 741-8, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17137123

RESUMO

Siderophores play a very important role in the uptake process of iron by bacteria. Due to the so-called active transport the uptake of siderophores by bacteria is very specific, which makes the use of siderophores as effective shuttles for antibiotics in the treatment of infections and other diseases caused by bacteria highly attractive. In order to further investigate the transport and incorporation of siderophores into the bacteria cells, distinct molecular probes are needed. Especially artificial siderophores, that show a specific intrinsic fluorescence, are highly attractive for such monitoring purposes. A promising candidate of such a fluorescent artificial siderophore is bis-2,3-dihydroxybenzoyl-2,6-dimethylamino-pyridine (pyridinochelin, PY). The fluorescence properties of PY were investigated in different solvents and in the presence of different metal ions. It was found that PY in its free form shows a complex fluorescence behavior. In methanol a clear dual fluorescence is observed. In aqueous solution intermolecular interactions with water molecules are determining the intrinsic fluorescence. Upon complexation with metal ions (Me3+ = Eu3+, Tb3+, Al3+, Fe3+) the fluorescence characteristics changed. The fluorescence quantum yield of PY decreased upon addition of Me3+--except for Al3+, which showed no fluorescence quenching. The fluorescence decay of PY loaded with metal ions showed a nicely mono-exponential fluorescence decay, which was in contrast to PY in the absence of metal ions. This drastic change in the fluorescence properties of PY upon metal ion complexation makes PY highly attractive as a fluorescence probe for the investigation of siderophore action and siderophore-mediated transport processes.


Assuntos
Catecóis/química , Sideróforos/química , Catecóis/metabolismo , Cinética , Modelos Moleculares , Sideróforos/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Água
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