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1.
Muscle Nerve ; 59(6): 650-657, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30706490

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Glucocorticosteroids (GC) are effective in slowing weakness in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). METHODS: This is a multisite, 1-year, open-label trial of twice-weekly prednisolone (5 mg/kg/dose) in infants/young boys (0.4-2.4 years) with DMD. We compared changes in Bayley III Scales of Infant Development (Bayley-III) with untreated boys followed for 1 year (historical control cohort [HCC]). Twenty-three of 25 participants completed the study. RESULTS: Treated boys gained an average of 0.5 points on the Bayley-III gross motor scaled score (GMSS) compared with the HCC who, on average, declined 1.3 points (P = 0.03). All boys maintained linear growth, and none developed Cushingoid features. Excessive weight gain occurred in 13 of 23 (56%) boys. DISCUSSION: This study provides evidence that twice-weekly GC is well tolerated in infants and young boys with DMD and improves GMSS. Excessive weight gain is a potential risk. Longer follow-up is required to determine whether early GC initiation is feasible in most infants/boys with DMD. Muscle Nerve 59:650-657, 2019.

2.
Neurology ; 2019 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30626655

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of functional measures to detect disease progression in dysferlinopathy over 6 months and 1 year. METHODS: One hundred ninety-three patients with dysferlinopathy were recruited to the Jain Foundation's International Clinical Outcome Study for Dysferlinopathy. Baseline, 6-month, and 1-year assessments included adapted North Star Ambulatory Assessment (a-NSAA), Motor Function Measure (MFM-20), timed function tests, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), Brooke scale, Jebsen test, manual muscle testing, and hand-held dynamometry. Patients also completed the ACTIVLIM questionnaire. Change in each measure over 6 months and 1 year was calculated and compared between disease severity (ambulant [mild, moderate, or severe based on a-NSAA score] or nonambulant [unable to complete a 10-meter walk]) and clinical diagnosis. RESULTS: The functional a-NSAA test was the most sensitive to deterioration for ambulant patients overall. The a-NSAA score was the most sensitive test in the mild and moderate groups, while the 6MWT was most sensitive in the severe group. The 10-meter walk test was the only test showing significant change across all ambulant severity groups. In nonambulant patients, the MFM domain 3, wrist flexion strength, and pinch grip were most sensitive. Progression rates did not differ by clinical diagnosis. Power calculations determined that 46 moderately affected patients are required to determine clinical effectiveness for a hypothetical 1-year clinical trial based on the a-NSAA as a clinical endpoint. CONCLUSION: Certain functional outcome measures can detect changes over 6 months and 1 year in dysferlinopathy and potentially be useful in monitoring progression in clinical trials. CLINICALTRIALSGOV IDENTIFIER: NCT01676077.

3.
J Clin Neuromuscul Dis ; 19(1): 19-26, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28827485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the pattern and extent of muscle weakness and impact on physical functioning in adults with GNEM. METHODS: Strength and function were assessed in GNEM subjects (n = 47) using hand-held dynamometry, manual muscle testing, upper and lower extremity functional capacity tests, and the GNEM-Functional Activity Scale (GNEM-FAS). RESULTS: Profound upper and lower muscle weakness was measured using hand-held dynamometry in a characteristic pattern, previously described. Functional tests and clinician-reported outcomes demonstrated the consequence of muscle weakness on physical functioning. CONCLUSIONS: The characteristic pattern of upper and lower muscle weakness associated with GNEM and the resulting functional limitations can be reliably measured using these clinical outcome assessments of muscle strength and function.


Assuntos
Força Muscular/genética , Debilidade Muscular/etiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Miosite de Corpos de Inclusão/congênito , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atividade Motora/genética , Miosite de Corpos de Inclusão/complicações , Miosite de Corpos de Inclusão/genética , Ácido N-Acetilneuramínico/genética , Adulto Jovem
4.
Neurology ; 87(20): 2123-2131, 2016 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27566742

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess safety and efficacy of deflazacort (DFZ) and prednisone (PRED) vs placebo in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). METHODS: This phase III, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter study evaluated muscle strength among 196 boys aged 5-15 years with DMD during a 52-week period. In phase 1, participants were randomly assigned to receive treatment with DFZ 0.9 mg/kg/d, DFZ 1.2 mg/kg/d, PRED 0.75 mg/kg/d, or placebo for 12 weeks. In phase 2, placebo participants were randomly assigned to 1 of the 3 active treatment groups. Participants originally assigned to an active treatment continued that treatment for an additional 40 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was average change in muscle strength from baseline to week 12 compared with placebo. The study was completed in 1995. RESULTS: All treatment groups (DFZ 0.9 mg/kg/d, DFZ 1.2 mg/kg/d, and PRED 0.75 mg/kg/d) demonstrated significant improvement in muscle strength compared with placebo at 12 weeks. Participants taking PRED had significantly more weight gain than placebo or both doses of DFZ at 12 weeks; at 52 weeks, participants taking PRED had significantly more weight gain than both DFZ doses. The most frequent adverse events in all 3 active treatment arms were Cushingoid appearance, erythema, hirsutism, increased weight, headache, and nasopharyngitis. CONCLUSIONS: After 12 weeks of treatment, PRED and both doses of DFZ improved muscle strength compared with placebo. Deflazacort was associated with less weight gain than PRED. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class I evidence that for boys with DMD, daily use of either DFZ and PRED is effective in preserving muscle strength over a 12-week period.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Pregnenodionas/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Masculino , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Força Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/fisiopatologia , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Pregnenodionas/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Muscle Nerve ; 54(4): 681-9, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26930423

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Outcomes sensitive to change over time in non-ambulatory boys/men with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) are not well-established. METHODS: Subjects (n = 91; 16.8 ± 4.5 years old) were assessed at baseline and 6-month intervals for 2 years. We analyzed all subjects using an intent-to-treat model and a subset of stronger subjects with Brooke Scale score ≤4, using repeated measures. RESULTS: Eight patients (12-33 years old) died during the study. Sixty-six completed 12-month follow-up, and 51 completed 24-month follow-up. Those taking corticosteroids performed better at baseline, but rates of decline were similar. Forced vital capacity percent predicted (FVC% predicted) declined significantly only after 2 years. However, Brooke and Egen Klassifikation (EK) Scale scores, elbow flexion, and grip strength declined significantly over both 1 and 2 years. CONCLUSION: Brooke and EK Scale scores, elbow flexion, and grip strength were outcomes most responsive to change. FVC% predicted was responsive to change over 2 years. Corticosteroids benefited non-ambulatory DMD subjects but did not affect decline rates of measures tested here. Muscle Nerve 54: 681-689, 2016.


Assuntos
Limitação da Mobilidade , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/diagnóstico , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/fisiopatologia , Participação do Paciente/métodos , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Criança , Seguimentos , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/tratamento farmacológico , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Capacidade Vital/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Ann Neurol ; 77(4): 668-74, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25612243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Exon-skipping therapies aim to convert Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) into less severe Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) by altering pre-mRNA splicing to restore an open reading frame, allowing translation of an internally deleted and partially functional dystrophin protein. The most common single exon deletion-exon 45 (Δ45)-may theoretically be treated by skipping of either flanking exon (44 or 46). We sought to predict the impact of these by assessing the clinical severity in dystrophinopathy patients. METHODS: Phenotypic data including clinical diagnosis, age at wheelchair use, age at loss of ambulation, and presence of cardiomyopathy were analyzed from 41 dystrophinopathy patients containing equivalent in-frame deletions. RESULTS: As expected, deletions of either exons 45 to 47 (Δ45-47) or exons 45 to 48 (Δ45-48) result in BMD in 97% (36 of 37) of subjects. Unexpectedly, deletion of exons 45 to 46 (Δ45-46) is associated with the more severe DMD phenotype in 4 of 4 subjects despite an in-frame transcript. Notably, no patients with a deletion of exons 44 to 45 (Δ44-45) were found within the United Dystrophinopathy Project database, and this mutation has only been reported twice before, which suggests an ascertainment bias attributable to a very mild phenotype. INTERPRETATION: The observation that Δ45-46 patients have typical DMD suggests that the conformation of the resultant protein may result in protein instability or altered binding of critical partners. We conclude that in DMD patients with Δ45, skipping of exon 44 and multiexon skipping of exons 46 and 47 (or exons 46-48) are better potential therapies than skipping of exon 46 alone.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Genéticas , Éxons/genética , Terapia Genética/métodos , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/genética , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/terapia , Fenótipo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
7.
Muscle Nerve ; 51(4): 522-32, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25056178

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic trials in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) often exclude non-ambulatory individuals. Here we establish optimal and reliable assessments in a multicenter trial. METHODS: Non-ambulatory boys/men with DMD (N = 91; 16.7 ± 4.5 years of age) were assessed by trained clinical evaluators. Feasibility (percentage completing task) and reliability [intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) between morning and afternoon tests] were measured. RESULTS: Forced vital capacity (FVC), assessed in all subjects, showed a mean of 47.8 ± 22% predicted (ICC 0.98). Brooke Upper Extremity Functional Rating (Brooke) and Egen Klassifikation (EK) scales in 100% of subjects showed ICCs ranging from 0.93 to 0.99. Manual muscle testing, range of motion, 9-hole peg test, and Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test (JHFT) demonstrated varied feasibility (99% to 70%), with ICCs ranging from 0.99 to 0.64. We found beneficial effects of different forms of corticosteroids for the Brooke scale, percent predicted FVC, and hand and finger strength. CONCLUSIONS: Reliable assessment of non-ambulatory boys/men with DMD is possible. Clinical trials will have to consider corticosteroid use.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Mãos/fisiopatologia , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/diagnóstico , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Avaliação da Deficiência , Mãos/inervação , Humanos , Masculino , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/fisiopatologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
8.
Pediatr Neurol ; 50(6): 557-63, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24842254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy starts before birth. Despite this, clinical trials exclude young boys because traditional outcome measures rely on cooperation. We recently used the Bayley-III Scales of Infant and Toddler Development to study 24 infants and boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Clinical evaluators at six centers were trained and certified to perform the Bayley-III. Here, we report 6- and 12-month follow-up of two subsets of these boys. PATIENTS: Nineteen boys (1.9 ± 0.8 years) were assessed at baseline and 6 months. Twelve boys (1.5 ± 0.8 years) were assessed at baseline, 6, and 12 months. RESULTS: Gross motor scores were lower at baseline compared with published controls (6.2 ± 1.7; normal 10 ± 3; P < 0.0001) and revealed a further declining trend to 5.7 ± 1.7 (P = 0.20) at 6 months. Repeated measures analysis of the 12 boys monitored for 12 months revealed that gross motor scores, again low at baseline (6.6 ± 1.7; P < 0.0001), declined at 6 months (5.9 ± 1.8) and further at 12 months (5.3 ± 2.0) (P = 0.11). Cognitive and language scores were lower at baseline compared with normal children (range, P = 0.002-<0.0001) and did not change significantly at 6 or 12 months (range, P = 0.89-0.09). Fine motor skills, also low at baseline, improved >1 year (P = 0.05). CONCLUSION: Development can reliably be measured in infants and young boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy across time using the Bayley-III. Power calculations using these data reveal that motor development may be used as an outcome measure.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/diagnóstico , Pré-Escolar , Cognição , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Linguagem , Testes de Linguagem , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Atividade Motora , Destreza Motora , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/genética , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/fisiopatologia , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/psicologia
9.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; (5): CD005229, 2013 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23728653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the high incidence of muscle weakness in individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or motor neuron disease (MND), the effects of exercise in this population are not well understood. This is an update of a review first published in 2008. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review randomised and quasi-randomised studies of exercise for people with ALS or MND. SEARCH METHODS: We searched The Cochrane Neuromuscular Disease Group Specialized Register (2 July 2012), CENTRAL (2012, Issue 6 in The Cochrane Library), MEDLINE (January 1966 to June 2012), EMBASE (January 1980 to June 2012), AMED (January 1985 to June 2012), CINAHL Plus (January 1938 to June 2012), LILACS (January 1982 to June 2012), Ovid HealthSTAR (January 1975 to December 2012). We also searched ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I (2007 to 2012), inspected the reference lists of all papers selected for review and contacted authors with expertise in the field. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials of people with a diagnosis of definite, probable, probable with laboratory support, or possible ALS, as defined by the El Escorial criteria. We included progressive resistance or strengthening exercise, and endurance or aerobic exercise. The control condition was no exercise or standard rehabilitation management. Our primary outcome measure was improvement in functional ability, decrease in disability or reduction in rate of decline as measured by a validated outcome tool at three months. Our secondary outcome measures were improvement in psychological status or quality of life, decrease in fatigue, increase in, or reduction in rate of decline of muscle strength (strengthening or resistance studies), increase in, or reduction in rate of decline of aerobic endurance (aerobic or endurance studies) at three months and frequency of adverse effects. We did not exclude studies on the basis of measurement of outcomes. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted the data. We collected adverse event data from included trials. The review authors contacted the authors of the included studies to obtain information not available in the published articles. MAIN RESULTS: We identified two randomised controlled trials that met our inclusion criteria, and we found no new trials when we updated the searches in 2012. The first, a study with overall unclear risk of bias, examined the effects of a twice-daily exercise program of moderate load endurance exercise versus "usual activities" in 25 people with ALS. The second, a study with overall low risk of bias, examined the effects of thrice weekly moderate load and moderate intensity resistance exercises compared to usual care (stretching exercises) in 27 people with ALS. After three months, when the results of the two trials were combined (43 participants), there was a significant mean improvement in the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS) measure of function in favour of the exercise groups (mean difference 3.21, 95% confidence interval 0.46 to 5.96). No statistically significant differences in quality of life, fatigue or muscle strength were found. In both trials adverse effects, investigators reported no adverse effects such as increased muscle cramping, muscle soreness or fatigue AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The included studies were too small to determine to what extent strengthening exercises for people with ALS are beneficial, or whether exercise is harmful. There is a complete lack of randomised or quasi-randomised clinical trials examining aerobic exercise in this population. More research is needed.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/psicologia , Tolerância ao Exercício , Humanos , Doença dos Neurônios Motores/psicologia , Doença dos Neurônios Motores/terapia , Debilidade Muscular/terapia , Resistência Física , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
10.
Neuromuscul Disord ; 23(7): 529-39, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23726376

RESUMO

Therapeutic trials in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) exclude young boys because traditional outcome measures rely on cooperation. The Bayley III Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (Bayley III) have been validated in developing children and those with developmental disorders but have not been studied in DMD. Expanded Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale (HFMSE) and North Star Ambulatory Assessment (NSAA) may also be useful in this young DMD population. Clinical evaluators from the MDA-DMD Clinical Research Network were trained in these assessment tools. Infants and boys with DMD (n = 24; 1.9 ± 0.7 years) were assessed. The mean Bayley III motor composite score was low (82.8 ± 8; p ≤ .0001) (normal = 100 ± 15). Mean gross motor and fine motor function scaled scores were low (both p ≤ .0001). The mean cognitive comprehensive (p=.0002), receptive language (p ≤ .0001), and expressive language (p = .0001) were also low compared to normal children. Age was negatively associated with Bayley III gross motor (r = -0.44; p = .02) but not with fine motor, cognitive, or language scores. HFMSE (n=23) showed a mean score of 31 ± 13. NSAA (n = 18 boys; 2.2 ± 0.4 years) showed a mean score of 12 ± 5. Outcome assessments of young boys with DMD are feasible and in this multicenter study were best demonstrated using the Bayley III.


Assuntos
Cognição/fisiologia , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/terapia , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Fatores Etários , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Pré-Escolar , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/complicações , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/fisiopatologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/complicações , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/fisiopatologia , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/métodos
11.
Muscle Nerve ; 48(3): 343-56, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23681930

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) subjects ≥5 years with nonsense mutations were followed for 48 weeks in a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of ataluren. Placebo arm data (N = 57) provided insight into the natural history of the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and other endpoints. METHODS: Evaluations performed every 6 weeks included the 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), timed function tests (TFTs), and quantitative strength using hand-held myometry. RESULTS: Baseline age (≥7 years), 6MWD, and selected TFT performance are strong predictors of decline in ambulation (Δ6MWD) and time to 10% worsening in 6MWD. A baseline 6MWD of <350 meters was associated with greater functional decline, and loss of ambulation was only seen in those with baseline 6MWD <325 meters. Only 1 of 42 (2.3%) subjects able to stand from supine lost ambulation. CONCLUSION: Findings confirm the clinical meaningfulness of the 6MWD as the most accepted primary clinical endpoint in ambulatory DMD trials.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/fisiopatologia , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Caminhada/fisiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Método Duplo-Cego , Eletromiografia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/tratamento farmacológico , Observação , Oxidiazóis/uso terapêutico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Muscle Nerve ; 48(1): 32-54, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23677550

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Contemporary natural history data in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is needed to assess care recommendations and aid in planning future trials. METHODS: The Cooperative International Neuromuscular Research Group (CINRG) DMD Natural History Study (DMD-NHS) enrolled 340 individuals, aged 2-28 years, with DMD in a longitudinal, observational study at 20 centers. Assessments obtained every 3 months for 1 year, at 18 months, and annually thereafter included: clinical history; anthropometrics; goniometry; manual muscle testing; quantitative muscle strength; timed function tests; pulmonary function; and patient-reported outcomes/health-related quality-of-life instruments. RESULTS: Glucocorticoid (GC) use at baseline was 62% present, 14% past, and 24% GC-naive. In those ≥6 years of age, 16% lost ambulation over the first 12 months (mean age 10.8 years). CONCLUSIONS: Detailed information on the study methodology of the CINRG DMD-NHS lays the groundwork for future analyses of prospective longitudinal natural history data. These data will assist investigators in designing clinical trials of novel therapeutics.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Cooperação Internacional , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/tratamento farmacológico , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/epidemiologia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Muscle Nerve ; 48(1): 55-67, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23649481

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: introduction: Glucocorticoid (GC) therapy in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) has altered disease progression, necessitating contemporary natural history studies. METHODS: The Cooperative Neuromuscular Research Group (CINRG) DMD Natural History Study (DMD-NHS) enrolled 340 DMD males, ages 2-28 years. A comprehensive battery of measures was obtained. RESULTS: A novel composite functional "milestone" scale scale showed clinically meaningful mobility and upper limb abilities were significantly preserved in GC-treated adolescents/young adults. Manual muscle test (MMT)-based calculations of global strength showed that those patients <10 years of age treated with steroids declined by 0.4 ± 0.39 MMT unit/year, compared with -0.4 ± 0.39 MMT unit/year in historical steroid-naive subjects. Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) were relatively preserved in steroid-treated adolescents. The linearity and magnitude of decline in measures were affected by maturational changes and functional status. CONCLUSIONS: In DMD, long-term use of GCs showed reduced strength loss and preserved functional capabilities and PFTs compared with previous natural history studies performed prior to the widespread use of GC therapy.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Diagnóstico Neurológico , Progressão da Doença , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Cooperação Internacional , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/tratamento farmacológico , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/normas , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Neurológico/normas , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/diagnóstico , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/normas , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Ann Neurol ; 73(4): 481-8, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23440719

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) displays a clinical range that is not fully explained by the primary DMD mutations. Ltbp4, encoding latent transforming growth factor-ß binding protein 4, was previously discovered in a genome-wide scan as a modifier of murine muscular dystrophy. We sought to determine whether LTBP4 genotype influenced DMD severity in a large patient cohort. METHODS: We analyzed nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from human LTBP4 in 254 nonambulatory subjects with known DMD mutations. These SNPs, V194I, T787A, T820A, and T1140M, form the VTTT and IAAM LTBP4 haplotypes. RESULTS: Individuals homozygous for the IAAM LTBP4 haplotype remained ambulatory significantly longer than those heterozygous or homozygous for the VTTT haplotype. Glucocorticoid-treated patients who were IAAM homozygotes lost ambulation at 12.5 ± 3.3 years compared to 10.7 ± 2.1 years for treated VTTT heterozygotes or homozygotes. IAAM fibroblasts exposed to transforming growth factor (TGF) ß displayed reduced phospho-SMAD signaling compared to VTTT fibroblasts, consistent with LTBP4' role as a regulator of TGFß. INTERPRETATION: LTBP4 haplotype influences age at loss of ambulation, and should be considered in the management of DMD patients.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a TGF-beta Latente/genética , Limitação da Mobilidade , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/genética , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/fisiopatologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Testes Genéticos , Genótipo , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo
15.
Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am ; 23(3): 633-51, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22938879

RESUMO

Neuromuscular disorders (NMDs) are a group of myopathic or neuropathic diseases that directly or indirectly affect the functioning of muscle. Physical therapists (PTs) have extensive specialized training in musculoskeletal evaluation and assessment that gives them the tools to meet the significant needs of this population. This article reviews the role of PTs in treating the NMD population with a discussion of available evaluation techniques and interventions and with an effort to differentiate between treatments known to apply to this population and conventional practice of PTs. The status of currently available outcome measures used for research and their applicability to clinics are presented.


Assuntos
Determinação de Ponto Final , Doenças Neuromusculares/terapia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Fisioterapia , Papel Profissional , Assistência Ambulatorial , Avaliação da Deficiência , Marcha , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Locomoção , Força Muscular , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Dor Musculoesquelética/terapia , Doenças Neuromusculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Neuromusculares/reabilitação , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Instituições Acadêmicas , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Child Neurol ; 27(3): 363-82, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22431881

RESUMO

Recent progress in scientific research has facilitated accurate genetic and neuropathological diagnosis of congenital myopathies. However, given their relatively low incidence, congenital myopathies remain unfamiliar to the majority of care providers, and the levels of patient care are extremely variable. This consensus statement aims to provide care guidelines for congenital myopathies. The International Standard of Care Committee for Congenital Myopathies worked through frequent e-mail correspondences, periodic conference calls, 2 rounds of online surveys, and a 3-day workshop to achieve a consensus for diagnostic and clinical care recommendations. The committee includes 59 members from 10 medical disciplines. They are organized into 5 working groups: genetics/diagnosis, neurology, pulmonology, gastroenterology/nutrition/speech/oral care, and orthopedics/rehabilitation. In each care area the authors summarize the committee's recommendations for symptom assessments and therapeutic interventions. It is the committee's goal that through these recommendations, patients with congenital myopathies will receive optimal care and improve their disease outcome.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Saúde Global , Distrofias Musculares/diagnóstico , Distrofias Musculares/terapia , Padrão de Cuidado/normas , Congressos como Assunto , Humanos , Distrofias Musculares/complicações , Distrofias Musculares/congênito
17.
Hum Mutat ; 32(3): 299-308, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21972111

RESUMO

Nonsense mutations are usually predicted to function as null alleles due to premature termination of protein translation. However, nonsense mutations in the DMD gene, encoding the dystrophin protein, have been associated with both the severe Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) and milder Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD) phenotypes. In a large survey, we identified 243 unique nonsense mutations in the DMD gene, and for 210 of these we could establish definitive phenotypes. We analyzed the reading frame predicted by exons flanking those in which nonsense mutations were found, and present evidence that nonsense mutations resulting in BMD likely do so by inducing exon skipping, confirming that exonic point mutations affecting exon definition have played a significant role in determining phenotype. We present a new model based on the combination of exon definition and intronic splicing regulatory elements for the selective association of BMD nonsense mutations with a subset of DMD exons prone to mutation-induced exon skipping.


Assuntos
Códon sem Sentido , Distrofina/genética , Éxons , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/genética , Processamento de RNA , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Processamento de RNA/genética
18.
J Child Neurol ; 25(12): 1559-81, 2010 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21078917

RESUMO

Congenital muscular dystrophies are a group of rare neuromuscular disorders with a wide spectrum of clinical phenotypes. Recent advances in understanding the molecular pathogenesis of congenital muscular dystrophy have enabled better diagnosis. However, medical care for patients with congenital muscular dystrophy remains very diverse. Advances in many areas of medical technology have not been adopted in clinical practice. The International Standard of Care Committee for Congenital Muscular Dystrophy was established to identify current care issues, review literature for evidence-based practice, and achieve consensus on care recommendations in 7 areas: diagnosis, neurology, pulmonology, orthopedics/rehabilitation, gastroenterology/ nutrition/speech/oral care, cardiology, and palliative care. To achieve consensus on the care recommendations, 2 separate online surveys were conducted to poll opinions from experts in the field and from congenital muscular dystrophy families. The final consensus was achieved in a 3-day workshop conducted in Brussels, Belgium, in November 2009. This consensus statement describes the care recommendations from this committee.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Saúde Global , Cooperação Internacional , Distrofias Musculares/diagnóstico , Distrofias Musculares/terapia , Padrão de Cuidado/normas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Congressos como Assunto/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Distrofias Musculares/congênito
19.
Neuromuscul Disord ; 20(12): 805-9, 2010 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20817454

RESUMO

Evaluation of ultrasound images of muscle with calibrated muscle backscatter (cMB) provides reproducible quantitative measurements of muscle pathology. Increased cMB is associated with greater muscle pathology. We used cMB to evaluate the severity of muscle pathology in 55 patients with Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophy (D/BMD) compared to 77 controls. cMB was also compared to measurements of strength and function. cMB in DMD and BMD increased linearly with age and was higher than in controls when groups are compared. cMB increased twice as fast with age in DMD than in BMD. In DMD, cMB was higher with reduced function and strength. Ultrasound measurement of muscle pathology using cMB is a sensitive and objective quantitative technique for determining the severity of muscle pathology in dystrophinopathies. Longitudinal studies are required to determine the sensitivity of this measure to changes in pathology over time.


Assuntos
Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/fisiopatologia , Análise de Regressão , Ultrassonografia
20.
Neuromuscul Disord ; 20(8): 499-504, 2010 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20630757

RESUMO

Manifesting carriers of DMD gene mutations may present diagnostic challenges, particularly in the absence of a family history of dystrophinopathy. We review the clinical and genetic features in 15 manifesting carriers identified among 860 subjects within the United Dystrophinopathy Project, a large clinical dystrophinopathy cohort whose members undergo comprehensive DMD mutation analysis. We defined manifesting carriers as females with significant weakness, excluding those with only myalgias/cramps. DNA extracted from peripheral blood was used to study X-chromosome inactivation patterns. Among these manifesting carriers, age at symptom onset ranged from 2 to 47 years. Seven had no family history and eight had male relatives with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Clinical severity among the manifesting carriers varied from a DMD-like progression to a very mild Becker muscular dystrophy-like phenotype. Eight had exonic deletions or duplications and six had point mutations. One patient had two mutations (an exonic deletion and a splice site mutation), consistent with a heterozygous compound state. The X-chromosome inactivation pattern was skewed toward non-random in four out of seven informative deletions or duplications but was random in all cases with nonsense mutations. We present the results of DMD mutation analysis in this manifesting carrier cohort, including the first example of a presumably compound heterozygous DMD mutation. Our results demonstrate that improved molecular diagnostic methods facilitate the identification of DMD mutations in manifesting carriers, and confirm the heterogeneity of mutational mechanisms as well as the wide spectrum of phenotypes.


Assuntos
Distrofina/genética , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/genética , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/genética , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Testes de Função Cardíaca , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Debilidade Muscular/genética , Debilidade Muscular/fisiopatologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Mutação/genética , Mutação/fisiologia , Inativação do Cromossomo X/genética , Adulto Jovem
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