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1.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 137(3): 284-291, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography is currently used in investigating many vascular diseases, especially for guiding vascular access. OBJECTIVE: The objective here was to summarize the evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews (SRs) on the effects of ultrasound-guided vascular access as an intervention approach. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of SRs, conducted in the Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery of Universidade Federal de São Paulo. METHODS: A broad search was conducted in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews to retrieve any Cochrane SRs that assessed the effects of ultrasound guidance as a therapeutic approach towards performing any vascular access. The key characteristics and results of all the reviews included were summarized and discussed. RESULTS: Three SRs on venous access at all ages and one review on arterial access in pediatric participants were included. There was low to moderate certainty of evidence that ultrasound increased the success rate from the first puncture and the overall success rate of the procedure; and reduced the total rate of perioperative and postoperative adverse events, number of punctures, time needed to achieve success and rate of failure to place catheters. CONCLUSION: Evidence of low to moderate quality showed that ultrasound-guided vascular access seems to reduce the total rate of perioperative and postoperative complications/adverse effects, number of punctures, time needed to achieve success and rate of failure to perform venous catheterization in adults and arterial punctures in children. There is a lack of information regarding ultrasound-guided arterial puncture in adults. Further studies are still imperative for reaching solid conclusions, especially regarding arterial ultrasound-guided access.

2.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 26(2): 151-157, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012138

RESUMO

RESUMO A isquemia crítica de membro inferior (ICMI) gera impacto nos sistemas de saúde, na qualidade de vida e funcionalidade dos indivíduos diagnosticados. Entretanto, há pouca evidência científica que permita fundamentar a intervenção fisioterapêutica para pacientes internados por ICMI. O objetivo desse estudo foi elaborar um consenso de especialistas sobre a fisioterapia intra-hospitalar para pacientes com ICMI. Para tal, foi utilizado o método Delphi. Um painel de especialistas foi formado por 18 fisioterapeutas que representavam 85,7% da equipe de um hospital de referência em cirurgia vascular. Foram consideradas, para o consenso, as respostas com valor mínimo de concordância de 70% e média ou mediana ≥3,1 na escala Likert. Os questionários abordaram itens da avaliação, objetivos e condutas fisioterapêuticas nas fases pré e pós-cirurgia de revascularização. Definiram-se como itens essenciais a avaliação de sintomas, função cognitiva, musculoesquelética e cardiorrespiratória. Controle da dor, redução de edemas, ganho de amplitude de movimento, deambulação e educação em saúde são objetivos no pré-operatório e o ganho de força muscular na fase pós-operatória. Exercícios passivo, assistido, ativo livre e circulatório, incluindo os membros superiores, estão indicados antes e após as cirurgias. Educação em saúde e deambulação com redução de peso em área de lesão plantar são essenciais em todo o período de internação. A eletroanalgesia foi preconizada no pré-operatório e a elevação do membro inferior e exercícios resistidos no pós-operatório.


RESUMEN La isquemia crítica de miembro inferior (ICMI) afecta a los sistemas de salud y la calidad de vida y funcionalidad de los individuos diagnosticados. Sin embargo, hay poca evidencia científica que fundamente la intervención fisioterapéutica para pacientes internados por ICMI. El objetivo de este estudio fue elaborar un consenso de especialistas sobre la fisioterapia intrahospitalaria para pacientes con ICMI. Para ello, se utilizó el método Delphi. Se formó un panel de expertos con 18 fisioterapeutas que representaban el 85,7% del equipo de un hospital de referencia en cirugía vascular. Se consideraron, para el consenso, las respuestas con un valor mínimo de concordancia del 70% y media o mediana ≥3,1 en la escala Likert. Los cuestionarios abordaron ítems de evaluación, objetivos y conductas fisioterapéuticas en las fases pre y poscirugía de revascularización. Se definieron como elementos esenciales la evaluación de síntomas y las funciones cognitiva, musculoesquelética y cardiorrespiratoria. En el preoperatorio, control del dolor, reducción de edemas, ganancia de amplitud de movimiento, deambulación y educación en salud son los objetivos; en la fase posoperatoria, la ganancia de fuerza muscular. Los ejercicios pasivos, asistidos, activos libres y circulatorios, incluidos los miembros superiores, se indican antes y después de las cirugías. La educación en salud y la deambulación con reducción de peso en el área de lesión plantar son esenciales en todo el período de internación. La electroanalgesia fue preconizada en el preoperatorio; y, en el postoperatorio, elevación del miembro inferior y ejercicios resistidos.


ABSTRACT Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is a disease with a great burden for the healthcare system, patient's functionality and quality of life. However, there is little evidence to guide intrahospital physical therapy programs for patients with CLI. Thus, this study aimed to provide an expert consensus on intrahospital physiotherapeutic care for CLI patients. An expert panel was made up with 18 experienced physical therapists, which represented 85.7% of physical therapists from a reference vascular surgery team in a university hospital. The Delphi method was used to produce a consensus, considering a minimum agreement of 70% and a mean or median score in the Likert scale ≥3.1. The questionnaires included items related to assessment, goals and physiotherapeutic interventions prior and after revascularization. A consensus was reached on assessing symptoms, cognitive, articular, musculoskeletal and cardiorespiratory functions. Pain control, edema drainage, range of motion gain, walking incentive and health education are goals in the pre-operatory and the muscular strengthening in postoperatory phase. In both phases there was a consensus on the use of passive, active-assisted and active exercises, including upper limb exercises. Walking and therapeutic education are essential during the hospitalization period with offloading practices in area of plantar ulcer. Electroanalgesia should be used in preoperative phase and resisted exercises and lower limb elevation at postoperatory.


Assuntos
Humanos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Extremidade Inferior/fisiopatologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/reabilitação , Isquemia/reabilitação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Protocolos Clínicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Consenso , Assistência Hospitalar , Fisioterapeutas
3.
BMJ Open ; 9(4): e024088, 2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048426

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Perforator veins (PVs) play an important role in the development of chronic venous insufficiency and ulceration. Procedures to eliminate incompetence and reflux in PV may include open surgery, subfascial endoscopic surgery, intravenous ablation techniques and sclerotherapy. With the aim of filling the evidence gap, this is a protocol for a systematic review that will assess the effects of any form of intervention for the treatment of pathologic PVs of the lower limbs in patients with chronic venous disease. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Systematic searches will be carried out in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, IBECS and LILACS databases at a minimum without date or language restrictions for relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-RCTs (trials in which the method of allocation is not truly random). In addition, a search will also be carried out in the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, in the clinical trial registries of ClinicalTrials.gov and in the grey literature source OpenGrey.eu. The RCT and quasi-RCT comparison techniques isolated or in combination for treating PVs will be considered. Three review authors will independently perform data extraction and quality assessments of data from included studies, and any disagreements will be resolved by discussion. The primary outcomes will be wound healing and pain. Secondary outcomes will include oedema, adverse events, recurrence or recanalisation, quality of life and economic aspects. The Cochrane handbook will be used for guidance. If the results are not appropriate for a meta-analysis in RevManV.5 software (eg, if the data have considerable heterogeneity and are drawn from different comparisons), a descriptive analysis will be performed. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics committee approval is not necessary. We intend to update the public registry used in this review, report any important protocol amendments and publish the results in a widely accessible journal. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42018092974.

4.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(3): 284-291, May-June 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1020964

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography is currently used in investigating many vascular diseases, especially for guiding vascular access. OBJECTIVE: The objective here was to summarize the evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews (SRs) on the effects of ultrasound-guided vascular access as an intervention approach. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of SRs, conducted in the Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery of Universidade Federal de São Paulo. METHODS: A broad search was conducted in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews to retrieve any Cochrane SRs that assessed the effects of ultrasound guidance as a therapeutic approach towards performing any vascular access. The key characteristics and results of all the reviews included were summarized and discussed. RESULTS: Three SRs on venous access at all ages and one review on arterial access in pediatric participants were included. There was low to moderate certainty of evidence that ultrasound increased the success rate from the first puncture and the overall success rate of the procedure; and reduced the total rate of perioperative and postoperative adverse events, number of punctures, time needed to achieve success and rate of failure to place catheters. CONCLUSION: Evidence of low to moderate quality showed that ultrasound-guided vascular access seems to reduce the total rate of perioperative and postoperative complications/adverse effects, number of punctures, time needed to achieve success and rate of failure to perform venous catheterization in adults and arterial punctures in children. There is a lack of information regarding ultrasound-guided arterial puncture in adults. Further studies are still imperative for reaching solid conclusions, especially regarding arterial ultrasound-guided access.

5.
Syst Rev ; 7(1): 228, 2018 12 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30537989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The worldwide incidence and prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) are increasing. DM has a high social and economic burden due to its complications and associated disorders. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is closely related to DM. More than 85% of patients with DM will develop PAD in their lifetime, and between 10 and 25% of patients with DM will have a foot ulcer. In such cases, it is important to determine for each patient whether it is necessary and feasible to revascularise the affected limb as well as the optimal technique. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is designed to restore blood flow through the vessel lumen by various devices including balloons, drug-coated balloons, bare stents, drug-eluting stents and endovascular atherectomes. This systematic review aims to evaluate the effects of PTA in the treatment of lower limb arterial ulcers in diabetic patients. METHODS: We will search randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-RCTs in the following databases (e.g., MEDLINE via PubMed, EMBASE, Lilacs, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ibecs, CINAHL, AMED, World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, ClinicalTrials.gov , and OpenGrey). Our search strategy will use the following free-text terms and controlled vocabulary (e.g., Emtree, MeSH) for 'foot ulcer', 'leg ulcer', 'diabetic foot', 'Peripheral Arterial Disease', 'Diabetes Complications', 'Peripheral Vascular Diseases', 'critical limb ischemia', 'below the knee ulcer', 'angioplasty', 'stents', 'stenting', and 'endovascular procedures'. There will be no limits on date or language of publication. Two authors will, independently, select studies and assess the data from them. Risks of bias (RoB) of included studies will be evaluated using the Cochrane's RoB tool. If possible, we will perform and report structured summaries of the included studies and meta-analyses. Results are not available as this is a protocol for a systematic review, and we are currently in the phase of building a sensitive search strategy. DISCUSSION: While there are several available endovascular techniques for revascularisation, it is unclear which technique has better outcomes for ulcers below the knee in diabetic patients. A systematic review is required to validate and demonstrate these techniques and their outcomes to allow an evidence-based clinical decision. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42017065171.


Assuntos
Angioplastia/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Úlcera da Perna , Stents , Diabetes Mellitus , Humanos , Úlcera da Perna/etiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica
6.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 44(3): 293-301, 2017.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28767806

RESUMO

Extracranial cerebrovascular disease is one of the most important causes of death and disability worldwide and its treatment is based on clinical and surgical strategies, the latter being performed by conventional or endovascular techniques. The management of stenosis of the carotid bifurcation is mainly aimed at preventing stroke and has been the subject of extensive investigation. The role of clinical treatment has been re-emphasized, but carotid endarterectomy remains the first-line treatment for symptomatic patients with 50% to 99% stenosis and for asymptomatic patients with 60% to 99% stenosis. Stent angioplasty is reserved for symptomatic patients with stenosis of 50% to 99% and at high risk for open surgery due to anatomical or clinical reasons. Currently, the endovascular procedure is not recommended for asymptomatic patients who are able to undergo conventional surgical treatment. Brazil presents a trend similar to that of other countries in North America and Europe, keeping endarterectomy as the main indication for the treatment of carotid stenosis and reserving the endovascular procedure for cases in which there are contraindications for the first intervention. However, we must improve our results by reducing complications, notably the overall mortality rate.


Assuntos
Artéria Carótida Externa , Estenose das Carótidas/terapia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos
7.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 63(5): 397-400, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28724035

RESUMO

Carotid dissection is a rare occurrence but it is the main cause of stroke in individuals aged less than 45 years, and can be the etiology in up to 25% of strokes in young adults. We report a case with classic image of ying yang on vascular ultrasound, which was treated according to the best available medical evidence, yielding a favorable outcome.


Assuntos
Dissecação da Artéria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia/métodos , Dissecação da Artéria Carótida Interna/complicações , Dissecação da Artéria Carótida Interna/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores
8.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 44(3): 293-301, mai.-jun. 2017. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-896588

RESUMO

RESUMO A doença vascular cerebral extracraniana é uma das mais importantes causas de morte e de incapacidade em todo o mundo e seu tratamento se baseia em estratégias clínica e cirúrgica, sendo que esta última pode ser feita pelas técnicas convencional ou endovascular. O manejo da estenose da bifurcação carotídea visa principalmente a prevenir o acidente vascular cerebral e tem sido objeto de extensa investigação. O papel do tratamento clínico tem sido re-enfatizado, mas a endarterectomia de carótida permanece como o tratamento de primeira linha para pacientes sintomáticos com estenose de 50% a 99% e, para pacientes assintomáticos, com estenose de 60% a 99%. A angioplastia com stent é reservada para pacientes sintomáticos, com estenose de 50% a 99% e com risco elevado para a cirurgia aberta, por motivos anatômicos ou clínicos. Atualmente, o procedimento endovascular não é recomendado para pacientes assintomáticos que tenham condições de serem submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico convencional. O Brasil apresenta tendência semelhante à de outros países da América do Norte e Europa, observando a manutenção da endarterectomia como a principal indicação para o tratamento da estenose carotídea e reservando o procedimento endovascular para casos em que há contraindicações para a primeira intervenção. Todavia, temos de melhorar os nossos resultados, reduzindo as complicações, notadamente a taxa de mortalidade geral.


ABSTRACT Extracranial cerebrovascular disease is one of the most important causes of death and disability worldwide and its treatment is based on clinical and surgical strategies, the latter being performed by conventional or endovascular techniques. The management of stenosis of the carotid bifurcation is mainly aimed at preventing stroke and has been the subject of extensive investigation. The role of clinical treatment has been re-emphasized, but carotid endarterectomy remains the first-line treatment for symptomatic patients with 50% to 99% stenosis and for asymptomatic patients with 60% to 99% stenosis. Stent angioplasty is reserved for symptomatic patients with stenosis of 50% to 99% and at high risk for open surgery due to anatomical or clinical reasons. Currently, the endovascular procedure is not recommended for asymptomatic patients who are able to undergo conventional surgical treatment. Brazil presents a trend similar to that of other countries in North America and Europe, keeping endarterectomy as the main indication for the treatment of carotid stenosis and reserving the endovascular procedure for cases in which there are contraindications for the first intervention. However, we must improve our results by reducing complications, notably the overall mortality rate.

9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(5): 397-400, May 2017. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-896348

RESUMO

Summary Carotid dissection is a rare occurrence but it is the main cause of stroke in individuals aged less than 45 years, and can be the etiology in up to 25% of strokes in young adults. We report a case with classic image of ying yang on vascular ultrasound, which was treated according to the best available medical evidence, yielding a favorable outcome.


Resumo A dissecção de carótida é entidade rara, mas é a principal causa de acidentes vasculares cerebrais isquêmicos em menores de 45 anos e pode ser a etiologia de até 25% dos acidentes vasculares cerebrais em adultos jovens. Apresenta-se um caso com imagem clássica de ying yang à ultrassonografia vascular, que foi tratado de acordo com as melhores evidências médicas disponíveis e apresentou boa evolução.

10.
J. vasc. bras ; 10(1): 77-80, mar. 2011. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-587800

RESUMO

A Síndrome de Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber representa a associação de hemangiomas planos, ectasias venosas e hipertrofia do segmento corpóreo afetado. Apresenta-se o caso de um paciente de 39 anos, sexo masculino, seguido desde 1993 no serviço da Disciplina de Cirurgia Vascular da Escola Paulista de Medicina (Unifesp), por quadro inicial da síndrome em membro inferior esquerdo. O paciente foi tratado apenas por elastocompressão e medidas gerais. Neste período, ele evoluiu com piora da estase venosa, da hipertrofia óssea e da hiperpigmentação de pele. Na ultrassonografia Doppler colorida venosa dos membros inferiores havia perviedade do sistema venoso profundo, hiperfluxo venoso, insuficiência segmentar de veia safena magna com sinais de tromboflebite e tributárias insuficientes. Indicou-se, para a melhora da estase venosa, ligadura da junção safeno-femoral esquerda e escleroterapia (polidocanol 3 por cento) retrógrada da mesma, com exérese das ectasias venosas. O paciente recebeu alta hospitalar no primeiro dia pós-operatório e atualmente está em acompanhamento ambulatorial com melhora significativa dos sintomas.


The Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome is the association of hemangioma, venous ectasia, and hypertrophy of the affected body segment. We report the case of a 39-year-old male followed-up since 1993 due to onset of symptoms in the left lower limb. He was treated only with the use of elastic stockings and general measures. Over the years, he had worsening of venous stasis, of bone hypertrophy, and of skin hyperpigmentation. Color-coded Doppler ultrasonography of the lower limbs showed patency of the deep venous system, venous overflow, segmentar insufficiency of the greater saphenous vein with signs of thrombophlebitis, and insufficient tributary veins. In order to improve venous stasis, ligation of the left sapheno-femoral junction and retrograde foam sclerotherapy (polidocanol 3 percent) with resection of tributary veins were performed. The patient was discharged in the first postoperative day and has been followed as an outpatient, presenting significant improvement of the symptoms.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Extremidade Inferior , Tromboflebite/complicações , Tromboflebite/reabilitação , Tromboflebite , Ultrassonografia Doppler
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