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2.
Autoimmun Rev ; : 102458, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927087

RESUMO

Capillaroscopy is a non-invasive and safe tool which allows the evaluation of the morphology of the microcirculation. Since its recent incorporation in the 2013 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) classification criteria for systemic sclerosis together with its assessed role to monitor disease progression, capillaroscopy became a 'mainstream' investigation for rheumatologists. Given its increasing use by a variety of physicians internationally both in daily practice to differentiate primary from secondary Raynaud's phenomenon, as well as in research context to predict disease progression and monitor treatment effects, standardisation in capillaroscopic image acquisition and analysis seems paramount. To step forward to this need, experts in the field of capillaroscopy/microcirculation provide in this very consensus paper their view on image acquisition and analysis, different capillaroscopic techniques, normal and abnormal capillaroscopic characteristics and their meaning, scoring systems and reliability of image acquisition and interpretation.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846042

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Using data from the German Biologics JIA Registry (BIKER), long-term safety of biologics for systemic-onset JIA with regard to adverse events of special interest was assessed. METHODS: Safety assessments were based on adverse event reports after first dose through 90 days after last dose. Rates of adverse event, serious adverse event and 25 predefined adverse events of special interest were analysed. Incidence rates were compared for each biologic against all other biologics combined applying a mixed-effect Poisson model. RESULTS: Of 260 systemic-onset JIA patients in this analysis, 151 patients received etanercept, 109 tocilizumab, 71 anakinra and 51 canakinumab. Patients with etanercept had higher clinical Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score 10 scores, active joint counts and steroid use at therapy start. Serious adverse events were reported with higher frequency in patients receiving canakinumab [20/100 patient years (PY)] and tocilizumab (21/100 PY). Cytopenia and hepatic events occurred with a higher frequency with tocilizumab and canakinumab. Medically important infections were seen more often in patients with IL-6 or IL-1 inhibition. Macrophage activation syndrome occurred in all cohorts with a higher frequency in patients with canakinumab (3.2/100 PY) and tocilizumab (2.5/100 PY) vs anakinra (0.83/100 PY) and etanercept (0.5/100 PY). After adjustment only an elevated risk for infections in anakinra-treated patients remained significant. Three definite malignancies were reported in patients ever exposed to biologics. Two deaths occurred in patients treated with etanercept. CONCLUSION: Surveillance of pharmacotherapy as provided by BIKER is an import approach especially for patients on long-term treatment. Overall, tolerance was acceptable. Differences between several biologics were noted and should be considered in daily patient care.

4.
Rheumatol Int ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667541

RESUMO

The primary objective was twofold: (1) to determine whether the German version of a screening instrument for clinical practice for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SICJIA) is reliable in identifying patients at risk for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), and (2) secondly whether a weighting scheme of individual questions improves its sensitivity. Data were collected and retrospectively analyzed based upon completed SICJIA questionnaires from patients and their guardians at their first clinical visit at the Hamburg Centre for Pediatric and Adolescence Rheumatology. All patients visited the center between August 2015 and July 2017. The survey included 12 disease-orientated questions. For evaluation, only questionnaires of patients diagnosed with JIA or with a non-inflammatory joint pain (NJP) were selected. Standard statistical techniques were used for evaluation. In total, 165 of 800 questionnaires could be used for evaluation. Of the 800 patients who completed questionnaires, 133 were diagnosed with JIA and 32 with NJP. The analysis of the individual questions was performed by comparing the rate of a positive response to the questions between the two groups. Four questions showed a significant difference by comparing the groups, using JIA patients with at least one active joint. The diagnostic accuracy of the weighted sum score increased from 64 to 68% to discriminate between the groups in comparison to the ordinary sum score. An optimal cutoff of 6.0 for referral to a pediatric rheumatologist was calculated. The validation of the SICJIA showed a discriminative difference in patients with clinical diagnosed JIA and a control group diagnosed with NJP. The weighted sum score performed better to differentiate between JIA and NJP patients. The modified SICJIA can be useful to identify patients at risk of JIA.

5.
Paediatr Drugs ; 21(6): 461-467, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667717

RESUMO

Juvenile localized scleroderma (jLS) is an orphan disease that can lead to cosmetic disfiguration and orthopedic problems. Two recent publications review the current recommendations regarding diagnosis, assessment, follow up and treatment of pediatric localized scleroderma cases, both of which suggest the Localized Scleroderma Cutaneous Assessment Tool as an important instrument to assess activity and damage. This review focuses on the systemic treatment of jLS. Systemic treatment includes synthetic and biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Systemic therapy is indicated if the lesion crosses any joint, or leads to potential cosmetic disfiguration or orthopedic problems. The only controlled trial of systemic treatment has shown the efficacy of methotrexate, which is the first choice of treatment. It appears superior to phototherapy according to a recently published meta-analysis. In case of methotrexate intolerance, mycophenolate mofetil is an option. In case of methotrexate nonresponse, addition of mycophenolate mofetil, tocilizumab or abatacept seems to be effective. Future treatment options derived and extrapolated from adult trials regarding treatment of skin involvement of systemic scleroderma or fibrosis are promising, as the final pathway in the skin seems to be similar in both diseases.

6.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 17(1): 66, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: JIA-associated uveitis (JIAU) is a serious, sight-threatening disease with significant long-term complications and risk of blindness, even with improved contemporary treatments. The MIWGUC was set up in order to propose specific JIAU activity and response items and to validate their applicability for clinical outcome studies. METHODS: The group consists of 8 paediatric rheumatologists and 7 ophthalmologists. A consensus meeting took place on November 2015 in Barcelona (Spain) with the objective of validating the previously proposed measures. The validation process was based on the results of a prospective open, international, multi-centre, cohort study designed to validate the outcome measures proposed by the initial MIWGUC group meeting in 2012. The meeting used the same Delphi and nominal group technique as previously described in the first paper from the MIWGUC group (Arthritis Care Res 64:1365-72, 2012). Patients were included with a diagnosis of JIA, aged less than 18 years, and with active uveitis or an uveitis flare which required treatment with a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug. The proposed outcome measures for uveitis were collected by an ophthalmologist and for arthritis by a paediatric rheumatologist. Patient reported outcome measures were also measured. RESULTS: A total of 82 patients were enrolled into the validation cohort. Fifty four percent (n = 44) had persistent oligoarthritis followed by rheumatoid factor negative polyarthritis (n = 15, 18%). The mean uveitis disease duration was 3.3 years (SD 3.0). Bilateral eye involvement was reported in 65 (79.3%) patients. The main findings are that the most significant changes, from baseline to 6 months, are found in the AC activity measures of cells and flare. These measures correlate with the presence of pre-existing structural complications and this has implications for the reporting of trials using a single measure as a primary outcome. We also found that visual analogue scales of disease activity showed significant change when reported by the ophthalmologist, rheumatologist and families. The measures formed three relatively distinct groups. The first group of measures comprised uveitis activity, ocular damage and the ophthalmologists' VAS. The second comprised patient reported outcomes including disruption to school attendance. The third group consisted of the rheumatologists' VAS and the joint score. CONCLUSIONS: We propose distinctive and clinically significant measures of disease activity, severity and damage for JIAU. This effort is the initial step for developing a comprehensive outcome measures for JIAU, which incorporates the perspectives of rheumatologists, ophthalmologists, patients and families.

7.
Autoimmun Rev ; 18(11): 102394, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520797

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to propose a simple "Fast Track algorithm" for capillaroscopists of any level of experience to differentiate "scleroderma patterns" from "non-scleroderma patterns" on capillaroscopy and to assess its inter-rater reliability. METHODS: Based on existing definitions to categorise capillaroscopic images as "scleroderma patterns" and taking into account the real life variability of capillaroscopic images described standardly according to the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Study Group on Microcirculation in Rheumatic Diseases, a fast track decision tree, the "Fast Track algorithm" was created by the principal expert (VS) to facilitate swift categorisation of an image as "non-scleroderma pattern (category 1)" or "scleroderma pattern (category 2)". Mean inter-rater reliability between all raters (experts/attendees) of the 8th EULAR course on capillaroscopy in Rheumatic Diseases (Genoa, 2018) and, as external validation, of the 8th European Scleroderma Trials and Research group (EUSTAR) course on systemic sclerosis (SSc) (Nijmegen, 2019) versus the principal expert, as well as reliability between the rater pairs themselves was assessed by mean Cohen's and Light's kappa coefficients. RESULTS: Mean Cohen's kappa was 1/0.96 (95% CI 0.95-0.98) for the 6 experts/135 attendees of the 8th EULAR capillaroscopy course and 1/0.94 (95% CI 0.92-0.96) for the 3 experts/85 attendees of the 8th EUSTAR SSc course. Light's kappa was 1/0.92 at the 8th EULAR capillaroscopy course, and 1/0.87 at the 8th EUSTAR SSc course. CONCLUSION: For the first time, a clinical expert based fast track decision algorithm has been developed to differentiate a "non-scleroderma" from a "scleroderma pattern" on capillaroscopic images, demonstrating excellent reliability when applied by capillaroscopists with varying levels of expertise versus the principal expert and corroborated with external validation.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Esclerodermia Localizada/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Humanos , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421019

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety and effectiveness of adalimumab (ADA) in polyarticular-course juvenile idiopathic arthritis (pcJIA) in the STRIVE registry (NCT00783510). METHODS: STRIVE enrolled patients with pcJIA into 2 arms based on treatment with methotrexate (MTX) alone or ADA with/without MTX (ADA±MTX). Adverse events (AEs) per 100 patient-years (PY) of observation time were analyzed by registry arm. Patients who entered the registry within 4 weeks of starting MTX or ADA±MTX, defined as new users, were evaluated for change in disease activity assessed by the C-reactive protein-based 27-joint Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score (JADAS27CRP ). RESULTS: At the 7-year cut-off date (June 1, 2016), data from 838 patients were available (MTX-arm, N=301; ADA±MTX-arm, N=537). The most common AEs were nausea (10.3%), sinusitis (4.7%), and vomiting (4.3%) in the MTX-arm and arthritis (3.9%), upper respiratory tract infection (3.5%), sinusitis, tonsillitis, and injection site pain (3.0% each) in the ADA±MTX-arm. Rates of serious infection were 1.5 events/100 PY in the MTX-arm and 2.0 events/100 PY in the ADA±MTX-arm. AE and serious AE rates were similar in patients receiving ADA with versus without MTX. No deaths or malignancies were reported. New users in the ADA±MTX-arm showed a trend toward lower mean JADAS27CRP compared with new users in the MTX-arm in the first year of STRIVE. CONCLUSIONS: The STRIVE registry 7-year interim results support that ADA±MTX is well tolerated by most children. Registry median (interquartile range) ADA exposure was 2.47 (1.0-3.6) years, with 42% of patients continuing ADA at the 7-year cut-off date.

10.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(11): 1576-1582, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of vasodilator drugs on the occurrence of features depending on myocardial ischaemia/fibrosis (ventricular arrhythmias, Q waves, cardiac blocks, pacemaker implantation, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <55%, and/or congestive heart failure and sudden cardiac death) in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: 601 patients with SSc were enrolled from 1 December 2012 to 30 November 2015 and had a second visit 0.5-4 years apart. 153 received no vasodilators; 448 received vasodilator therapy (ie, calcium channel blockers and/or ACE inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers or combinations of them), 89 of them being also treated with either endothelin receptor antagonists or PDE5 inhibitors or prostanoids. Associations between the occurrence of myocardial disease manifestations and any demographic, disease and therapeutic aspect were investigated by Cox regression analysis. A Cox frailty survival model with centre of enrolment as random effect was performed. RESULTS: During 914 follow-up patient-years, 12 ventricular arrhythmias, 5 Q waves, 40 cardiac blocks, 6 pacemaker implantations and 19 reduced LVEF and/or congestive heart failure (CHF) occurred. In multivariate Cox regression analysis, vasodilator therapy was associated with a lower incidence of ventricular arrhythmias (p=0.03); low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) with a lower incidence of cardiac blocks and/or Q waves and/or pacemaker implantation (p=0.02); active disease with a higher incidence of LVEF <55% and/or CHF and cardiac blocks and/or Q waves and/or pacemaker implantation (p=0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present study might suggest a preventative effect on the occurrence of distinct myocardial manifestations by vasodilator therapy and low-dose ASA.

11.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 17(1): 40, 2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis associated Uveitis (JIA-U) represents its most frequent extra-articular manifestation and the main cause of childhood uveitis in in developed countries. The broad variety of outcome measures utilized makes the comparison of the disease course, risk for complications, impairment in visual function, and responses to treatment quite difficult. Our aim was to summarize evidence regarding the current availability of outcome measures in JIA-U. METHODS: A systematic review between January 2000 and December 2018 was performed to identify studies investigating outcome measures used in JIA-U. RESULTS: The initial search identified 8254 articles of which 89 were potentially eligible. After the full text revision, a total of 27 studies, including 2 RCTs, were included. Among these studies 12 outcome measures for JIA-U use have been identified (grade of cells in the AC, grade of flare in the AC, VA, amblyopia, structural complications, use and sparing of oral corticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs, surgery requirement, biomarkers, bilateral disease, JIA persistence, quality of life assessments, uveitis subtype). As regards primary outcome measures, 44% among studies included one or more variables related to disease activity (i.e. grade of flare, grade of cells); 56% included visual function performance (i.e. visual acuity); 68% (17/25) included one or more variables of disease-associated tissue damage or complications (i.e. cataract, amblyopia); 24% included disease features (i.e. bilateral disease; uveitis subtype); 44% included laboratory features (i.e. biomarkers); 8% included JIA features (i.e. persistence of disease); 12% included quality of life (i.e. EYE-Q); 44% included management (i.e. use and sparing of oral corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive drugs; surgery requirement). CONCLUSIONS: Our systematic review surveys the heterogeneity around outcome measures related to JIA-U in children, even in RCTs. It does not provide the solution to overcome the heterogeneity in uveitis studies, but it does provide an estimate of the scale of the problems and provides data to inform this important debate; highlighting the requirement to obtain a new consensus regarding a common approach to identify suitable and efficient outcome measures in JIA-U.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/complicações , Qualidade de Vida , Uveíte/fisiopatologia , Acuidade Visual , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Ambliopia/etiologia , Ambliopia/fisiopatologia , Consenso , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Uveíte/etiologia
12.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 125, 2019 05 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To describe the 6-year safety and efficacy of etanercept (ETN) in children with extended oligoarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (eoJIA), enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA), and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) METHODS: Patients who completed the 2-year, open-label, phase III CLinical Study In Pediatric Patients of Etanercept for Treatment of ERA, PsA, and Extended Oligoarthritis (CLIPPER) were allowed to enroll in its 8-year long-term extension (CLIPPER2). Children received ETN at a once-weekly dose of 0.8 mg/kg, up to a maximum dose of 50 mg/week. Efficacy assessments included the JIA core set of outcomes, the JIA American College of Rheumatology response criteria (JIA-ACR), and the Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score (JADAS). Efficacy data are reported as responder analyses using a hybrid method for missing data imputation and as observed cases. Safety assessments included treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs). RESULTS: Out of 127 patients originally enrolled in CLIPPER, 109 (86%) entered CLIPPER2. After 6 years of trial participation (2 years in CLIPPER and 4 years in CLIPPER2), 41 (32%) patients were still taking ETN, 13 (11%) entered the treatment withdrawal phase after achieving low/inactive disease (of whom 7 had to restart ETN), 36 (28%) discontinued treatment for other reasons but are still being observed, and 37 (29%) discontinued treatment permanently. According to the hybrid imputation analysis, proportions of patients achieving JIA ACR90, JIA ACR100, and JADAS inactive disease after the initial 2 years of treatment were 58%, 48%, and 32%, respectively. After the additional 4 years, those proportions in patients who remained in the trial were 46%, 35%, and 24%. Most frequently reported TEAEs [n (%), events per 100 patient-years] were headache [28 (22%), 5.3], arthralgia [24 (19%), 4.6], and pyrexia [20 (16%), 3.8]. Number and frequency of TEAEs, excluding infections and injection site reactions, decreased over the 6-year period from 193 and 173.8, respectively, during year 1 to 37 and 61.3 during year 6. A single case of malignancy (Hodgkin's lymphoma) and no cases of active tuberculosis, demyelinating disorders, or deaths were reported. CONCLUSIONS: Open-label etanercept treatment for up to 6 years was safe, well tolerated, and effective in patients with eoJIA, ERA, and PsA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: CLIPPER, NCT00962741 , registered 20 August, 2009, CLIPPER2, NCT01421069 , registered 22 August, 2011.

13.
J Scleroderma Relat Disord ; 4(1): 17-27, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30906878

RESUMO

The Scleroderma Clinical Trials Consortium (SCTC) represents many of the clinical researchers in the world who are interested in improving the efficiency of clinical trials in Systemic Sclerosis (SSc). The SCTC has established 11 working groups (WGs) to develop and validate better ways of measuring and recording multiple aspects of this heterogeneous disease. These include groups working on arthritis, disease damage, disease activity, cardiac disease, juvenile SSc, the gastrointestinal tract, vascular component, calcinosis, scleroderma renal crisis, interstitial lung disease, and skin measurement. Members of the SCTC may join any one or more of these groups. Some of the WGs have only recently started their work, some are nearing completion of their mandated tasks and others are in the midst of their projects. All these projects, which are described in this paper, will help to improve clinical trials and observational studies by improving or developing better, more sensitive ways of measuring various aspects of the disease. As Lord Kelvin stated, "To measure is to know. If you cannot measure it you cannot improve it." The SCTC is dedicated to improving the lives of patients with SSc and it is our hope that the contributions of the WGs will be one important step in this process.

14.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(8): 1019-1024, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30826775

RESUMO

In 2012, a European initiative called Single Hub and Access point for paediatric Rheumatology in Europe (SHARE) was launched to optimise and disseminate diagnostic and management regimens in Europe for children and young adults with rheumatic diseases. Juvenile localised scleroderma (JLS) is a rare disease within the group of paediatric rheumatic diseases (PRD) and can lead to significant morbidity. Evidence-based guidelines are sparse and management is mostly based on physicians' experience. This study aims to provide recommendations for assessment and treatment of JLS. Recommendations were developed by an evidence-informed consensus process using the European League Against Rheumatism standard operating procedures. A committee was formed, mainly from Europe, and consisted of 15 experienced paediatric rheumatologists and two young fellows. Recommendations derived from a validated systematic literature review were evaluated by an online survey and subsequently discussed at two consensus meetings using a nominal group technique. Recommendations were accepted if ≥80% agreement was reached. In total, 1 overarching principle, 10 recommendations on assessment and 6 recommendations on therapy were accepted with ≥80% agreement among experts. Topics covered include assessment of skin and extracutaneous involvement and suggested treatment pathways. The SHARE initiative aims to identify best practices for treatment of patients suffering from PRDs. Within this remit, recommendations for the assessment and treatment of JLS have been formulated by an evidence-informed consensus process to produce a standard of care for patients with JLS throughout Europe.

15.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(7): 1188-1195, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30668879

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the paediatric rheumatology (PR) services in Europe, describe current delivery of care and training, set standards for care, identify unmet needs and inform future specialist service provision. METHODS: An online survey was developed and presented to national coordinating centres of the Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation (PRINTO) (country survey) and to individual PR centres (centre and disease surveys) as a part of the European Union (EU) Single Hub and Access point for paediatric Rheumatology in Europe project. The survey contained components covering the organization of PR care, composition of teams, education, health care and research facilities and assessment of needs. RESULTS: Response rates were 29/35 (83%) for country surveys and 164/288 (57%) for centre surveys. Across the EU, approximately one paediatric rheumatologist is available per million population. In all EU member states there is good access to specialist care and medications, although biologic drug availability is worse in Eastern European countries. PR education is widely available for physicians but is insufficient for allied health professionals. The ability to participate in clinical trials is generally high. Important gaps were identified, including lack of standardized clinical guidelines/recommendations and insufficient adolescent transition management planning. CONCLUSION: This study provides a comprehensive description of current specialist PR service provision across Europe and did not reveal any major differences between EU member states. Rarity, chronicity and complexity of diseases are major challenges to PR care. Future work should facilitate the development, dissemination and implementation of standards of care, treatment and service recommendations to further improve patient-centred health care across Europe.

16.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 71(4): 471-481, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30044538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) long-term outcomes in relation to the time of initiation of biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD). METHODS: Outcomes of JIA patients prospectively followed by the Biologika in der Kinderrheumatologie (BiKeR) and Juvenile Arthritis Methotrexate/Biologics Long-Term Observation (JuMBO) registers were analyzed with regard to drug-free remission and inactive disease, functional status and quality of life, and surgery. To analyze the influence of early bDMARD therapy on outcomes, patients were assigned to 3 groups based on the time from symptom onset to bDMARD start (G1: ≤2 years, G2: >2 to ≤5 years, and G3: >5 years). Propensity score-adjusted outcome differences were analyzed by multinomial logistic regression analyses among the groups. RESULTS: A total of 701 JIA patients were observed for mean ± SD 9.1 ± 3.7 years. At the last follow-up (disease duration mean ± SD 14.3 ± 6.1 years), 11.7% of patients were in drug-free remission, and 40.0% had inactive disease. More than half of the patients reported no functional limitation, while 5% had undergone arthroplasty, and 3% had eye surgery. At the 10-year time point, patients in G1 (n = 108) were significantly more likely to be in drug-free remission than those patients who began treatment later (G2, n = 199; G3, n = 259), with 18.5%, 10.1%, and 4.9%, respectively. Patients in G1 had significantly lower disease activity (clinical Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score in 10 joints = 4.9), a better overall well-being (18.2% patient global assessment score = 0), and higher functional status (59.2% Health Assessment Questionnaire score = 0), compared to patients in G3 (7.1, 8.4%, and 43.7%, respectively). G1 patients required arthroplasty significantly less frequently than G3 patients and had significantly lower disease activity over time than patients in both G2 and G3. CONCLUSION: Early DMARD treatment is associated with better disease control and outcomes, which supports the concept of a "window of opportunity" for JIA.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Remissão Espontânea , Adolescente , Artrite Juvenil/cirurgia , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 20(1): 285, 2018 12 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30587248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The availability of methotrexate and the introduction of multiple biological agents have revolutionized the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Several international and national drug registries have been implemented to accurately monitor the long-term safety/efficacy of these agents. This report aims to present the combined data coming from Pharmachild/PRINTO registry and the national registries from Germany (BiKeR) and Sweden. METHODS: Descriptive statistics was used for demographic, clinical data, drug exposure, adverse events (AEs) and events of special interest (ESIs). For the Swedish register, AE data were not available. RESULTS: Data from a total of 15,284 patients were reported: 8274 (54%) from the Pharmachild registry and 3990 (26%) and 3020 (20%) from the German and the Swedish registries, respectively. Pharmachild children showed a younger age (median of 5.4 versus 7.6 years) at JIA onset and shorter disease duration at last available visit (5.3 versus 6.1-6.8) when compared with the other registries. The most frequent JIA category was the rheumatoid factor-negative polyarthritis (range of 24.6-29.9%). Methotrexate (61-84%) and etanercept (24%-61.8%) were the most frequently used synthetic and biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), respectively. There was a wide variability in glucocorticoid use (16.7-42.1%). Serious AEs were present in 572 (6.9%) patients in Pharmachild versus 297 (7.4%) in BiKeR. Infection and infestations were the most frequent AEs (29.4-30.1%) followed by gastrointestinal disorders (11.5-19.6%). The most frequent ESIs were infections (75.3-89%). CONCLUSIONS: This article is the first attempt to present a very large sample of data on JIA patients from different national and international registries and represents the first proposal for data merging as the most powerful tool for future analysis of safety and effectiveness of immunosuppressive therapies in JIA. REGISTRY REGISTRATION: The Pharmachild registry is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov ( NCT01399281 ) and at the European Network of Centres for Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacovigilance (ENCePP) ( http://www.encepp.eu/encepp/viewResource.htm?id=19362 ). The BiKeR registry is registered at ENCePP ( http://www.encepp.eu/encepp/viewResource.htm?id=20591 ).


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Farmacovigilância , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicamentos Sintéticos/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Monitoramento de Medicamentos , Etanercepte/efeitos adversos , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medicamentos Sintéticos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Rheumatol ; 45(12): 1680-1688, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30219769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical features that define disease activity in pediatric localized scleroderma (LS), and determine their specificity and importance. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter prospective study of patients with active and inactive LS skin lesions. A standardized evaluation of a single designated study lesion per subject was performed at 3 visits. We evaluated the pattern and correlation between assessed features and physician's global assessments of activity (PGA-A). RESULTS: Ninety of 103 subjects had evaluable data; 66 had active and 24 inactive disease. Subjects had similar age of onset, sex, and disease patterns. Linear scleroderma was the most common subtype. Features specific for active disease included erythema, violaceous color, tactile warmth, abnormal skin texture, and disease extension. Scores for these variables changed over time and correlated with PGA-A of the lesion. Active and inactive lesions could not be distinguished by the presence or level of skin thickening, either of lesion edge or center. However, in active lesions, skin thickening scores did correlate with PGA-A scores. Regression analysis identified the combination of erythema, disease extension, violaceous color, skin thickening, and abnormal texture as predictive of PGA-A at study entry. Damage features were common irrespective of activity status. CONCLUSION: We identified variables strongly associated with disease activity, expanding upon those used in current measures, and determined their relative importance in physician activity scoring. Skin thickening was found to lack specificity for disease activity. These results will help guide development of a sensitive, responsive activity tool to improve care of patients with LS.


Assuntos
Esclerodermia Localizada/diagnóstico , Pele/patologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Esclerodermia Localizada/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos
19.
Eur J Pediatr ; 177(7): 961-977, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29728839

RESUMO

Juvenile localized scleroderma (jLS), also known as morphea, is an orphan disease. Pediatric guidelines regarding diagnosis, assessment, and management are lacking.Our objective was to develop minimum standards of care for diagnosis, assessment, and management of jLS. A systematic review was undertaken to establish the pediatric evidence for assessment and monitoring of jLS. An expert panel, including members of the Pediatric Rheumatology European Society (PRES) Scleroderma Working Group, were invited to a consensus meeting where recommendations were developed based on evidence graded by the systematic review and, where evidence was lacking, consensus opinion. A nominal technique was used where 75% consensus was taken as agreement. Recommendations for diagnosis, assessment, and management were developed. Due to a lack of pediatric evidence, these were primarily consensus driven. Careful assessment for extra-cutaneous manifestations including synovitis, brain involvement, and uveitis were key features together with joint assessments between Dermatology and Rheumatology to improve and standardize care. CONCLUSION: Management of jLS is varied. These recommendations should help provide standardization of assessment and care for those with this rare and potentially debilitating condition. What is Known: • Children with juvenile localized scleroderma (jLS) are managed by a number of specialties including pediatric rheumatologists and dermatologists, sometimes in shared clinics. Studies have shown that management varies considerably and that there are notable differences between specialties [1]. • There is very little published guidance on management of jLS. What is new: • These recommendations aim to standardize diagnosis, assessment, and management through review of pediatric evidence and consensus agreement. • Joint review of patients by both pediatric rheumatologists and dermatologists is recommended.


Assuntos
Esclerodermia Localizada/terapia , Padrão de Cuidado , Criança , Consenso , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida , Esclerodermia Localizada/diagnóstico
20.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(Suppl 1): 211-218, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29637325

RESUMO

The Juvenile Arthritis Multidimensional Assessment Report (JAMAR) is a new parent/patient reported outcome measure that enables a thorough assessment of the disease status in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). We report the results of the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the parent and patient versions of the JAMAR in the German language. The reading comprehension of the questionnaire was tested in 10 JIA parents and patients. The participating centres were asked to collect demographic and clinical data along the JAMAR questionnaire in 100 consecutive JIA patients or all consecutive patients seen in a 6-month period and to administer the JAMAR to 100 healthy children and their parents. The statistical validation phase explored descriptive statistics and the psychometric issues of the JAMAR: the three Likert assumptions, floor/ceiling effects, internal consistency, Cronbach's alpha, interscale correlations, test-retest reliability, and construct validity (convergent and discriminant validity). A total of 319 JIA patients (2.8% systemic, 36.7% oligoarticular, 23.5% RF negative polyarthritis, and 37% other categories) and 100 healthy children were enrolled in eight centres. The JAMAR components discriminated well healthy subjects from JIA patients. All JAMAR components revealed good psychometric performances. In conclusion, the German version of the JAMAR is a valid tool for the assessment of children with JIA and is suitable for use both in routine clinical practice and in clinical research.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Avaliação da Deficiência , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Reumatologia/métodos , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Artrite Juvenil/fisiopatologia , Artrite Juvenil/psicologia , Artrite Juvenil/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Características Culturais , Feminino , Alemanha , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pais/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tradução
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