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1.
Molecules ; 25(7)2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32230839

RESUMO

The research of natural products has allowed for the discovery of biologically relevant compounds inspired by plant secondary metabolites, which contributes to the development of many chemotherapeutic drugs used in cancer treatment. Psidium guajava leaves present a diverse phytochemical composition including flavonoids, phenolics, meroterpenoids, and triterpenes as the major bioactive constituents. Guajadial, a caryophyllene-based meroterpenoid, has been studied for potential anticancer effects tested in tumor cells and animal experimental models. Moreover, guajadial has been reported to have a mechanism of action similar to tamoxifen, suggesting this compound as a promisor phytoestrogen-based therapeutic agent. Herein, the anti-estrogenic action and anti-proliferative activity of guajadial is reported. The enriched guajadial fraction was obtained by sequential chromatographic techniques from the crude P. guajava dichloromethane extract showing promising anti-proliferative activity in vitro with selectivity for human breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and MCF-7 BUS (Total Growth Inhibition = 5.59 and 2.27 µg·mL-1, respectively). Furthermore, evaluation of anti-estrogenic activity in vivo was performed demonstrating that guajadial enriched fraction inhibited the proliferative effect of estradiol on the uterus of pre-pubescent rats. These results suggest a relationship between anti-proliferative and anti-estrogenic activity of guajadial, which possibly acts in tumor inhibition through estrogen receptors due to the compounds structural similarity to tamoxifen.

2.
Plants (Basel) ; 8(11)2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717792

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to validate a HPLC method for the assay of flavonoids in extracts obtained from natural sources, i.e., from Dirmophandra mollis Benth, Ginkgo biloba L., Ruta graveolens L., and Vitis vinífera L. The potential sun protecting effect, antioxidant activity, and cell viability of the extracts were also determined. Individual extracts (obtained from each individual species) and a mixed extract (containing the four extracts) were analyzed by the validated HPLC method for the identification of flavonoids and quantification of rutin and quercetin. An in vitro cell viability study was carried out using the neutral red method. The in vitro sun protection factor was determined by spectral transmittance and in vitro antioxidant efficacy was evaluated against DPPH, ABTS, and AAPH radicals. The HPLC method used for the identification and quantification of flavonoids in extracts exhibited linearity, precision, accuracy, and robustness. Detection and quantification limits were, respectively, 2.881 ± 0.9 µg·mL-1 and 0.864 ± 0.9 µg·mL-1 for quercetin, and 30.09 ± 1 µg·mL-1 and 9.027 ± 1.1 µg·mL-1 for rutin. All extracts did not affect cell viability at the evaluated concentration range and exhibited a sun protection effect and antioxidant activity. Among the evaluated extracts, Ginkgo biloba L. and the mixed extract depicted the most expressive antioxidant activity. The mixed extract exhibited sunscreen protection against ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) and a critical wavelength of 372.7 ± 0.1. Our results translate the enhanced flavonoids' composition of the mixed extract, which may be a potential alternative over sunscreens and antioxidants in pharmaceutic/cosmetic formulations.

3.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 8(10)2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581509

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to develop a phytocosmetic sunscreen emulsion with antioxidant effect, containing a blend of flavonoid-enriched plant extracts. In vitro sun protection factor, antioxidant activity, skin irritation, photostability, cutaneous permeation, and retention of flavonoids were evaluated. Thermodynamically stable emulsions were obtained and tested for sensorial analysis after loading the blend of extracts. The selected emulsion was stable when stored at low temperatures (5 C), for which after 120 days the concentration of quercetin and rutin were above their limit of quantification, i.e., 2.8 ± 0.39 µg/mL and 30.39 ± 0.39 µg/mL, respectively. Spreadability, low rupture strength and adhesiveness were shown to be similar to a conventional topical product. Higher brittleness, pseudo-plastic, and viscoelastic behaviors were also recorded for the developed phytocosmetic sunscreen. The product presented a critical wavelength of 387.0 nm and ultraviolet rays A and B (UVA/UVB) rate of 0.78, confirming that the developed formulation shows capacity for UVA/UVB protection, protecting skin against damages caused by Ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Rutin was shown to permeate the skin barrier and was also quantified in the stratum corneum (3.27 ± 1.92 µg/mL) by tape stripping and retention test (114.68 ± 8.70 µg/mL). The developed flavonoid-enriched phytocosmetic was shown to be non-irritant to skin by an in vitro assay. Our results confirm the antioxidant activity, sun protection, and physical properties of the developed phytocosmetic for topical application.

4.
J Med Food ; 22(10): 1078-1086, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549890

RESUMO

This study evaluated to determine the phenolic and flavonoids contents, and antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiproliferative activity of the hydromethanolic extracts of the leaves, pulp, and seeds of Annona cacans. The isolation and structural identification of the constituent acetogenin, phenolic acid, and flavonoids were also reported. Antioxidant capacity was determined by the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS), and ß-carotene/linoleic acid methods. Cell proliferation was determined by spectrophotometric quantification of the cellular protein content using a sulforhodamine B assay. Anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated in paw edema model, to myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity induced by carrageenan in mice. Fractionation resulted in the isolation of one acetogenin (annoreticuin-9-one), two flavonoids (quercetin-3-O-ß-glucoside-6-O-α-rhamnoside and kaempferol-3-O-ß-glucoside), and one phenolic acid (p-coumaric acid). The pulp extract presented potent antioxidant activities by the DPPH (IC50 = 44.08 µg/mL) and ABTS (IC50 = 39.32 µg/mL) methods, as well as high contents of phenols (618.95 mg GA/g) and flavonoids (477.35 mg QE/g). The bioguided fractionation demonstrated that the ethyl acetate fraction of the pulp extract and annoreticuin-9-one showed potent antiproliferative activity against ovarian cancer (GI50 = 6.4 µg/mL). The anti-inflammatory activity demonstrated significant inhibition of edema compared to the control group in 2 and 4 h; in addition, the extracts inhibited the increase in MPO activity after 6 h, when compared to the DEX and control groups. For the first time, this study demonstrated antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiproliferative activity, as well as compounds isolated, suggesting that A. cacans could also be potential sources for prevention of cancer and other diseases associated with oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Annona/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Acetogeninas/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Carragenina , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Hidroxibenzoatos/isolamento & purificação , Masculino , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Sementes/química
5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 179: 123-132, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247374

RESUMO

The synthesis and in vitro anticancer activity of novel ß-carbolines is reported. New tryptamines have been prepared via hetero-Diels-Alder reaction of nitrosoalkenes with indoles and used to prepare functionalized ß-carbolines by the Pictet-Spengler approach. These included 6-substituted-ß-carboline-3-carboxylates and 3-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-ß-carbolines, whose synthesis is reported for the first time. Carboline-3-carboxylates derived from l-tryptophan methyl ester were also prepared. The structural diversity that was achieved allowed the discovery of impressive activities against a range cancer cell lines with the selectivity depending on the type of substitution pattern of the ß-carboline core. We have identified at least one ß-carboline derivative with GI50 ≤ 1  µM for each of the following human tumor cell lines: glioblastoma (U251), melanona (UACC-61), breast (MCF-7), ovarian expressing multiple-drug-resistance phenotype 4 (NCI-ADR/RES), renal (786-0), lung (NCI-H460), ovarian cancer (OVCAR-3), leukemia (K-562) and colon (HT29). These results demonstrated that the new ß-carboline derivatives are very promising anticancer agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carbolinas/farmacologia , Ácidos Carboxílicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Carbolinas/síntese química , Carbolinas/química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/síntese química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 100: 493-504, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30948086

RESUMO

Advanced wound dressings capable of interacting with lesions and changing the wound microenvironment to improve healing are promising to increase the therapeutic efficacy of this class of biomaterials. Aiming at the production of bioactive wound dressings with the ability to control the wound microenvironment, biomaterials of three different chemical compositions, but with the same architecture, were produced and compared. Electrospinning was employed to build up a biomimetic extracellular matrix (ECM) layer consisting of poly(caprolactone) (PCL), 50/50 dl-lactide/glycolide copolymer (PDLG) and poly(l-lactide) (PLLA). As a post-treatment to broaden the bioactivity of the dressings, an alginate coating was applied to sheathe and functionalize the surface of the hydrophobic electrospun wound dressings, in combination with the extract of the plant Arrabidaea chica Verlot, known for its anti-inflammatory and healing promotion properties. Wettable bioactive structures capable to interact with media simulating lesion microenvironments, with tensile strength and elongation at break ranging respectively from 155 to 273 MPa and from 0.94 to 1.39% were obtained. In simulated exudative microenvironment, water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) values around 700 g/m2/day were observed, while water vapor permeability rates (WVPR) reached about 300 g/m2/day. In simulated dehydrated microenvironment, values of WVTR around 200 g/m2/day and WVPR around 175 g/m2/day were attained.


Assuntos
Bandagens , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Cicatrização , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Íons , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Permeabilidade , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Vapor , Termogravimetria , Fatores de Tempo , Água/química , Difração de Raios X
7.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(5): e1800644, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30843651

RESUMO

The phytochemical investigation of Grazielia gaudichaudeana aerial parts yielded 15 compounds, including diterpenes, triterpenes, sterols and flavonoids. With exception to ent-kaurenoic acid diterpenes, the compounds isolated are being described for the first time in this species. Some unusual 1 H-NMR chemical shifts of 18-nor-ent-labdane (7-9) led us carry out a conformational analysis by theoretical calculations in order to support the experimental data. Moreover, due to the limitation of studies focused on pharmacological potential of Grazielia gaudichaudeana, the present study was carried out to investigate the antioxidant, antiproliferative, antiviral, antileishmanial and antimicrobial activities from the extract, fractions and isolated compounds obtained from this species. Ethyl acetate fraction showed significant activity in the antiproliferative assay, with GI50 range of 3.9 to 27.2 µg mL-1 . Dichloromethane fraction, rich in diterpenoids, inhibited all human tumor cell lines tested, and the nor-labdane 7 showed potent cytotoxic activity against glioma and ovary cancer cell lines.


Assuntos
Asteraceae/química , Diterpenos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antiprotozoários/química , Antiprotozoários/isolamento & purificação , Antiprotozoários/farmacologia , Asteraceae/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Leishmania/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Conformação Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química
8.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 112: 108693, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30798128

RESUMO

This study evaluated the pharmacological effect of the association of crude extract from the fruits of Pterodon pubescens (Pp) with the essential oil of Cordia verbenacea (Cv) in antinociception and anti-inflammatory experimental models. The effective doses of each extract and the combinations used in the associations of extracts were defined by acetic acid-induced writhing test. The separate extracts were also evaluated on formalin test. Interaction between extracts was assessed by isobologram method. The effects of different concentrations of associations (A50, A100 and A200) were evaluated on formalin test, tail flick and hot plate. The anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated in paw edema induced by carrageenan and PGE2, carrageenan-induced peritonitis and mechanical allodynia induced by Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA). The associations were markedly synergistic, as assessed using isobolographic analyses. On formalin and on acetic acid-induced writhing tests, associations demonstrated greater efficacy when compared to extracts separately. In paw edema models, significant reductions of edema were observed. On mechanical allodynia induced by CFA, associations were effective at acute phase with pronounced effect at chronic phase. The associations were not effective in hot plate, tail flick and carrageenan-induced peritonitis tests. Phytochemical analysis by HPLC-DAD and FID showed important concentrations of α-Humulene, trans-Caryophyllene, geranylgeraniol, isomers 6α-hydroxy-7ß-acetoxy-vouacapan-17ßoate methyl ester and 6α-acetoxy-7ß-hydroxy-vouacapan-17ß-oate methyl ester (compounds m/z 404) and 6α,7ß-dihydroxyvouacapan-17ß-oate methyl ester (m/z 362). These findings demonstrate that the associations promote synergistic antinociceptive effect and important anti-inflammatory activities, especially on chronic inflammation conditions, at lower doses than the separate crude extracts, without demonstrating side effects, probably acting in different pharmacological receptors. The inhibition of inflammation suggests a relationship with inflammatory mediators and PGE2 pathway and might be exploited to achieve greater anti-inflammatory efficacy, being considered as a potential phytotherapy.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Cordia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fabaceae , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Dor/metabolismo , Medição da Dor/efeitos dos fármacos , Medição da Dor/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação
9.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2019 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30638054

RESUMO

A flavonoid enriched extract (FE) was obtained from grape peels, and in vitro SPF, antioxidant activity, and effects on cell viability of this extract were tested with the intent to develop a cosmetic product. A formulation was developed with the FE, and the stability of this mixture was evaluated in terms of pH, density, viscosity, and SPF (90-days). FE showed no cytotoxicity to human keratinocytes and an in vitro SPF of 18.56 (UV-spectrophotometry). Further, FE showed a UVA protection factor of 3.17 ± 0.2, a critical wavelength of 318.0 ± 0.1 and a UVA/UVB of 0.9. Antioxidant activity assays resulted in 92.08% and 86.85% of activity against DPPH and ABTS (IC50 = 296.90 ± 1.2 µg/mL and 643.13 ± 0.9 µg/mL), respectively. Finally, SPF of formulation with FE was 12.45. Results from the in vitro SPF and product stability tests (especially storage under refrigeration), indicate that FE is a promising compound for use as an innovative sunscreen formulation.

10.
J Pharm Sci ; 108(3): 1177-1188, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30336154

RESUMO

According to the most recent World Health Organization statistics, malaria infected approximately 219 million people in 2017, with an estimate of 435,000 deaths (World Health Organization, 2018). Communities isolated from cities are the most deprived of access to the necessary hospital facilities. Herein we report the development of a transdermal bioadhesive containing artemether (ART), an alternative, potentially lifesaving, treatment regimen for malaria in low-resource settings. Bioadhesives were prepared from an aqueous blend of hydroxyethylcellulose (4.5% w/w), ART, propoxylated-ethoxylated-cetyl-alcohol, polysorbate 80, propyleneglycol, glycerine, mineral oil, and oleic acid. In this study, the average pore size of bioadhesive 5.5b was 52.6 ± 15.31 µm. Differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analyses confirm the thermal stability of ART bioadhesives at room temperature. Tensile tests indicated good mechanical properties for bioadhesive 5.5b, when compared to 5.5a, where 5.5b showed elastic modulus 0.19 MPa, elongation at break 204%, tensile stress 0.31 MPa, tensile strength at break 0.23 MPa. Bioadhesion assays suggested that formulations containing surfactants had higher detachment forces. Permeation studies demonstrated that the best outcome was achieved with a bioadhesive containing 25 mg ART (5.5b) that after 24 h released 6971 ± 125 µg, which represents approximately 28% of drug permeation. Data reported presents a promising candidate for a new antimalarial transdermal formulation.

11.
Nat Prod Res ; 33(4): 580-583, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29117729

RESUMO

Herein, the antiproliferative potential of the essential oil obtained from fresh leaves of Croton campestris against human tumour cell lines was investigated for the first time. Furthermore, the essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation had the composition determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Ten major components were identified that comprised 91.59% of the total content, with 23.8% consisting of (Z)-caryophyllene and 16.08% consisting of γ-elemene as main components. The cytotoxic activity was observed mainly for breast (MCF-7) and colon (HT-29) human tumour cell lines, with GI50 (50% growth inhibition) concentration of 8.61 and 9.94 µg/mL, respectively. The results of this study showed that the essential oil obtained from Croton campestris A.St.-Hil. represents a potential source for the search of new antitumour agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Croton/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Óleo de Cróton/análise , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Sesquiterpenos/análise
12.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 20(1): 9, 2018 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30560393

RESUMO

The aim of study was to determine the in vitro sun protection factor (SPF) and the photostability profile of a topical formulation composed of nanoparticles loaded with vegetable extracts and to assess its physicochemical properties. Chitosan/tripolyphosphate (TPP) nanoparticles loaded with flavonoids-enriched vegetable extracts (Ginkgo biloba L., Dimorphandra mollis Benth, Ruta graveolens, and Vitis vinifera L.) were produced and characterized for their morphology, mean particle size, zeta potential, and encapsulation efficiency. A final topical formulation was obtained by dispersing chitosan/TPP nanoparticles in an o/w emulsion. Results showed that nanoparticles dispersion exhibited yellowish color, spherical shape, and uniform appearance. Extract-loaded chitosan/TPP nanoparticles showed a mean particle size of 557.11 ± 3.1 nm, polydispersity index of 0.39 ± 0.27, zeta potential of + 11.54 ± 2.1 mV, and encapsulation efficiency of 75.89% of rutin. The recorded texture parameters confirm that the developed formulation is appropriate for skin application. The SPF obtained was 2.3 ± 0.4, with a critical wavelength of 387.0 nm and 0.69 UVA/UVB ratio. The developed formulation exhibited photostability, allowing the release of flavonoids from nanoparticles while retaining rutin into the skin in a higher extension.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Fator de Proteção Solar , Quitosana/análogos & derivados , Quitosana/química , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Emulsões/química , Nanopartículas/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Extratos Vegetais/análise
13.
Curr Pharm Biotechnol ; 19(12): 973-981, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30468122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trichilia silvatica, popularly known as "catiguá-branco", is distributed in Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul), and members of this genus are commonly used for the treatment of rheumatism (arthritis). The aim of this research was to investigate the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of the methanolic extract of the leaves (MEL-TS) and bark (MEB-TS) of T. silvatica. We also evaluated the concentration of phenolic compounds, flavonoids, flavonol, and condensed tannins by liquid chromatography - photodiode array (LC/PDA) analysis. METHODS: The MEL-TS and MEB-TS revealed the presence of caffeic acid in both extracts by LC/PDA. The samples were evaluated for antioxidant activity using free-radical scavenging and lipoperoxidation assays. The anti-inflammatory effects were studied in carrageenan-induced paw edema, pleurisy and zymosan-induced arthritis. RESULTS: The MEL-TS and MEB-TS showed the total phenolic concentration (270.8 ± 17.10 mg gallic acid equivalents GAE/g extract and 278.8 ± 25.13 mg GAE/ g extract, respectively), and flavonoids in MEL-TS (209.30 ± 2.91 mg quercetin equivalents QE/ g extract). In the lipoperoxidation assay, exhibited moderate antioxidant activity with IC50 values ≤ 35.32 µg/mL. Both extracts inhibited oedema induced by carrageenan at 2 h and 4 h, inhibited leukocyte migration at 6 h post administration, and did not impact zymosan-induced arthritis. Finally, MEL-TS was particularly effective against prostate cell line (GI50 ≤ 0.22 µg/mL). CONCLUSION: Overall, the results indicated that T. silvatica reduce migration leukocytes activity, edema formation in these models of experimental arthritis could explain the popular use for treatment of inflammatory processes (rheumatism).


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Meliaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Brasil , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Radicais Livres/química , Humanos , Masculino , Meliaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Camundongos , Picratos/química , Casca de Planta/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Pleurisia/tratamento farmacológico
14.
BMJ Open ; 8(10): e019505, 2018 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30341109

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Oral mucositis is an iatrogenic condition of erythematous inflammatory changes which tends to occur on buccal and labial surfaces, the ventral surface of the tongue, the floor of the mouth and the soft palate of patients receiving chemotherapy. This protocol of ongoing randomised parallel group clinical trial aims to access the therapeutic effect of an herbal gel containing 2.5% Arrabidaea chica Verlot standardised extract on oral mucositis in patients with head and neck cancer compared with low-level laser therapy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Patients with head and neck cancer held at Clinics Hospital of University of Campinas, Sao Paulo, who develop early signs/symptoms of oral mucositis are eligible. Baseline characteristics of participants include oral mucositis grade and quality of life assessments. Enrolment started in November 2017 with allocation of patients to one of the study groups by means of randomisation. Patients will be treated either with Arrabidaea chica or laser until wound healing. Monitoring includes daily assessment of mucositis grade and diameter measurement by photographs and millimetre periodontal probe. Treatments will be concluded once mucositis is healed. A blinded assessor will evaluate mucositis cure after referred by the study team. At this point, the gel tube will be weighed to indirectly assess patient's compliance. At close-out, data will be analysed by a blinded researcher following the procedures described in the statistical analyses. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This clinical trial was approved by the ethics committee of research in humans at the Faculty of Medical Sciences of University of Campinas (report no. 1,613,563/2016). Results from this trial will be communicated in peer-reviewed publications and scientific presentations. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: RBR-5×4397.


Assuntos
Protocolos Antineoplásicos/normas , Bignoniaceae , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Estomatite/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
15.
Braz Oral Res ; 32: e41, 2018 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29846389

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the antifungal, antibiofilm and antiproliferative activities of the extract from the leaves of Guapira graciliflora Mart. The phytochemical characterization of the extract was performed using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The antimicrobial activity of the extract and its fractions was evaluated using the broth microdilution method against species of Candida. The inhibition of C. albicans biofilm was evaluated based on the number of colony-forming units (CFU) and metabolic activity (MTT). The antiproliferative activity of the extract and its fraction was evaluated in the presence of human tumor and non-tumor cells, and the cytotoxicity of the extract was determined on the RAW 264.7 macrophage line - both using the sulforhodamine B method. The phytochemical characterization indicated the presence of the flavonoids rutin and kaempferol. The extract and the methanol fraction exhibited moderate antifungal activity against C. albicans, C. krusei, and C. glabrata, and strong activity against C. dubliniensis. In the biofilms at 24 and 48 hours, the concentration of 12500 µg/mL of the extract was the most effective at reducing the number of CFU s/mL (44.4% and 42.9%, respectively) and the metabolic activity of C. albicans cells (34.6% and 52%, respectively). The extract and its fractions had no antiproliferative effect on the tumor lines tested, with mean activity (log GI50) equal to or greater than 1.71 µg/mL. Macrophage cell viability remained higher than 80% for concentrations of the extract of up to 62.5 µg/mL. G. graciliflora has flavonoids in its chemical composition and demonstrates potential antifungal and antibiofilm activity, with no evidence of a significant change in the viability of human tumor and non-tumor cell lines.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Nyctaginaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/isolamento & purificação , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dose Letal Mediana , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
16.
Ticks Tick Borne Dis ; 9(5): 1115-1119, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29693549

RESUMO

The present study evaluated whether a natural dietary additive, dried Artemisia annua leaves, may be useful to control Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus on naturally infested cattle. Twenty heifers of the Canchim breed, weighing around 250 kg, were divided into two equally sized experimental groups: 1) control animals and 2) animals receiving 200 g/day of dried A. annua leaves for two months. Before treatment began, the animals were homogeneously distributed in control and treatment groups based on their pre-treatment weight and tick infestation level. Counts of engorged female ticks then occurred weekly during the two-month experimental period. We also monitored cattle weight gain and packed cell volume (PCV). Artemisinin (0.96%) was quantified in the plant material by high-performance liquid chromatography with refractive index detector (HPLC-IR). No statistical differences between the control and treatment groups were observed for engorged female counts (log averages of 1.3 ticks and 1.4 ticks per animal, respectively), daily cattle weight gain (0.910 kg and 0.888 kg, respectively) or PCV (33.5% and 33.0%, respectively). We conclude that the oral supplementation of cattle feed with dried A. annuna leaves did not control natural infestation of R. (B.) microplus. The hypothesis of artemisinin's action on cattle ticks by ingestion through the animals' blood was not confirmed at the evaluated dose.


Assuntos
Artemisia annua/anatomia & histologia , Artemisininas/administração & dosagem , Doenças dos Bovinos/dietoterapia , Aditivos Alimentares/administração & dosagem , Rhipicephalus/efeitos dos fármacos , Infestações por Carrapato/veterinária , Acaricidas/uso terapêutico , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Artemisia annua/química , Artemisininas/análise , Artemisininas/isolamento & purificação , Bovinos , Feminino , Alimentos em Conserva , Masculino , Folhas de Planta/química , Infestações por Carrapato/dietoterapia , Ganho de Peso/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 64(1): 93-98, Jan/Fev/Mar 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-969213

RESUMO

Introdução: Bisfosfonatos são fármacos utilizados para o tratamento de enfermidades ósseas, como a osteoporose e metástases ósseas, em razão do seu mecanismo de ação, que consiste na diminuição do processo de reabsorção do osso. Outros estudos verificaram que bisfosfonatos de alta potência, como o zoledronato, poderiam auxiliar no tratamento de outras enfermidades malignas por causa da promoção de um efeito antiproliferativo. Objetivo: Este estudo in vitro objetivou avaliar a atividade antiproliferativa de zoledronato em diferentes linhagens de células tumorais. Método: Nove linhagens humanas (U251; MCF7; NCI/ADR-RES; 786-0; NCI-H460; PC-3; OVCAR-3; HT29; K-562 e HaCaT) foram submetidas ao tratamento com as concentrações de 0,12; 1,2; 12 e 120 µM de zoledronato e tiveram sua atividade proliferativa avaliada após 48 horas, utilizando-se o corante sulforrodamina B. Resultados: Verificou-se que as concentrações de 12 µM e 120 µM de zoledronato foram eficazes para a redução em 50% e 100%, respectivamente, da proliferação das células 786-0 (carcinoma renal). A maior concentração de zoledronato (120 µM) promoveu um efeito citostático (redução da proliferação celular em 50%) para as células HaCaT (queratinócito humano não tumoral), HT-29 (carcinoma de cólon), NCI-ADR/ RES (adenocarcinoma de ovário com fenótipo de multirresistência) e NCI-H460 (carcinoma pulmonar). Conclusão: Esses resultados sugerem um promissor efeito auxiliar do zoledronato para o tratamento de alguns tipos de tumores; estudos complementares in vitro e in vivo são necessários para a validação dessa hipótese.


Introduction: Bisphosphonates are used in the treatment of bone diseases such as osteoporosis and bone metastases, because of their ability to inhibit bone resorption. There is evidence that high-potency bisphosphonates, such as zoledronate, are useful in the treatment of other malignancies because they have an antiproliferative effect. Objective:To evaluate the antiproliferative activity of zoledronate in different tumor cell lines. Method: This was an in vitro study in which nine human cell lines (U251, MCF7, NCI/ ADR-RES, 786-0, NCI-H460, PC-3, OVCAR-3, HT29, K-562, and HaCaT) were treated with of 0.12, 1.2, 12, and 120 µM of zoledronate, their proliferative activity being evaluated 48 h later with sulforhodamine B assay. Results: At the 12 µM and 120 µM doses, zoledronate effectively reduced the proliferation of 786-0 (renal carcinoma) cells by 50% and 100%, respectively. At the highest concentration (120 µM), zoledronate had a cytostatic effect (50% reduction in cell proliferation) on HaCaT (non-tumor human keratinocyte), HT-29 (colon carcinoma), NCI-ADR/ RES (multidrug-resistant ovarian adenocarcinoma), and NCI-H460 (lung carcinoma) cells. Conclusion: These results suggest a promising auxiliary effect of zoledronate for the treatment of some tumors. Further in vitro and in vivo studies are needed in order to test that hypothesis.


Introducción: Los bisfosfonatos son fármacos utilizados para el tratamiento de enfermedades óseas, como la osteoporosis y metástasis óseas debido a su mecanismo de acción, que consiste en la disminución del proceso de reabsorción del hueso. Otros estudios observaron que los bisfosfonatos de alta potencia, como el zoledronato, podrían ayudar en el tratamiento de otras enfermedades malignas debido a la promoción de un efecto antiproliferativo. Objetivo: Este estudio in vitro objetivó evaluar la actividad antiproliferativa de zoledronato en diferentes linajes de células tumorales. Método: Los nueve humano linajes (U251, MCF7, NCI / ADR-RES, 786-0, NCI-H460, PC-3, OVCAR-3, HT29, K-562 and HaCaT) se sometieron al tratamiento con las concentraciones de 0,12; 1,2; 12 y 120 µM de zoledronato y tuvieron su actividad proliferativa evaluada después de 48 horas utilizando el colorante sulforrodamina B. Resultados: Se comprobó que las concentraciones de 12 µM y 120 µM de zoledronato fueron efectivas para reducir en un 50% y un 100%, respectivamente, de la proliferación de las células 786-0 (carcinoma renal). La mayor concentración de zoledronato (120 µM) promovió un efecto citostático (reducción de la proliferación celular en un 50%) para las células HaCaT (queratinocito humano no tumoral), HT-29 (carcinoma de colon), NCI-ADR/RES (adenocarcinoma de ovário con fenótipo de multirresistencia) y NCI-H460 (carcinoma pulmonar). Conclusión: Estos resultados sugieren un prometedor efecto auxiliar del zoledronato para el tratamiento de algunos tumores; se requieren más estudios in vitro e in vivo para validar esta hipótesis


Assuntos
Humanos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Difosfonatos , Técnicas In Vitro , Células Tumorais Cultivadas/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e41, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-889473

RESUMO

Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the antifungal, antibiofilm and antiproliferative activities of the extract from the leaves of Guapira graciliflora Mart. The phytochemical characterization of the extract was performed using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The antimicrobial activity of the extract and its fractions was evaluated using the broth microdilution method against species of Candida. The inhibition of C. albicans biofilm was evaluated based on the number of colony-forming units (CFU) and metabolic activity (MTT). The antiproliferative activity of the extract and its fraction was evaluated in the presence of human tumor and non-tumor cells, and the cytotoxicity of the extract was determined on the RAW 264.7 macrophage line - both using the sulforhodamine B method. The phytochemical characterization indicated the presence of the flavonoids rutin and kaempferol. The extract and the methanol fraction exhibited moderate antifungal activity against C. albicans, C. krusei, and C. glabrata, and strong activity against C. dubliniensis. In the biofilms at 24 and 48 hours, the concentration of 12500 µg/mL of the extract was the most effective at reducing the number of CFU s/mL (44.4% and 42.9%, respectively) and the metabolic activity of C. albicans cells (34.6% and 52%, respectively). The extract and its fractions had no antiproliferative effect on the tumor lines tested, with mean activity (log GI50) equal to or greater than 1.71 µg/mL. Macrophage cell viability remained higher than 80% for concentrations of the extract of up to 62.5 µg/mL. G. graciliflora has flavonoids in its chemical composition and demonstrates potential antifungal and antibiofilm activity, with no evidence of a significant change in the viability of human tumor and non-tumor cell lines.


Assuntos
Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Nyctaginaceae/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dose Letal Mediana , Antifúngicos/isolamento & purificação
19.
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 27(4): 445-452, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-898681

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi, Anacardiaceae, native to Brazil, is referred to as "pimento-rosa" and is used to treat inflammatory disease in folk medicine. Studies have reported important pharmacological properties, but these effects have still not been fully exploited. This study reports that the crude extract and isolated compounds of S. terebinthifolius (leaves) have in vitro antioxidant, antiproliferative, and in vivo anti-inflammatory activities. The samples were evaluated for antioxidant activity using 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, β-carotene/linoleic acid and 2,2′-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline)-6-sulphonic acid reagents. The anti-inflammatory effects were assayed against a carrageenan-induced paw oedema model in mice to test doses of 10, 100 and 300 mg/kg at different time points in addition to myeloperoxidase activity analysis. The antiproliferative activity was evaluated using ten human tumour cell lines. Two derivatives of gallic acid and four flavonoids were isolated and exhibited considerable antioxidant activity. The extract and its compounds showed selectivity towards ovarian cancer cells, with growth inhibitory activity values ranging from 1.9 to 6.5 µg/ml. Sample extracts and methyl gallate significantly inhibited carrageenan-induced oedema in the mice paw oedema experimental model. The calculated topological polar surface area for methyl gallate (86.98 Å2) showed good intestinal absorption. The effects reported herein are be related to the presence of flavonoids and the galloyl phenolic derivative content.

20.
Eur J Med Chem ; 124: 1093-1104, 2016 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27792980

RESUMO

A series of novel hybrids ß-carboline-4-thiazolidinones were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro antitumor activity against human cancer cell lines and for antiviral activity towards Herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1). From the N'-(2-ylidene-4-thiazolidinone)-ß-carboline-3-carbohydrazide series (9-11), compounds 9c and 11d were the most active, showing growth inhibition 50% (GI50) values less than 5 µM for all cell lines tested. Compound 9c, bearing the 4-dimethylaminophenyl group at C-1 of ß-carboline was selected for further investigation concerning cell death and cell cycle profile, focusing on the human renal adenocarcinoma cell line 786-0. Treatments with 25 µM of compound 9c induced cell death after 15 h of treatment, characterized by phosphatidylserine exposure and loss of membrane integrity. Moreover, treatment with 12.5 µM promoted a sub-G1 arrest, which indicates cell death. Derivatives of the N-(2-substituted-aryl-4-thiazolidinone)-ß-carboline-3-carboxamide series (18-23) showed a potent activity and high selectivity for glioma (U251) and ovarian (OVCAR-3) cancer cell lines. Also, some ß-carboline-4-thiazolidinone hybrids showed potent antiviral activity against Herpes simplex virus type-1. The N-(2-substituted-aryl-4-thiazolidinone)-carboxamide moiety in 18, 19 and 22 confer a potent anti-HSV-1 activity for these derivatives, which presented EC50 values of 0.80, 2.15 and 2.02 µM, respectively. The assay results showed that the nature of 4-thiazolidinone moiety and of the substituent attached at the 3- and 1- position of ß-carboline nucleus influenced the antitumor and antiviral activities.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antivirais/síntese química , Antivirais/farmacologia , Carbolinas/síntese química , Carbolinas/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Antineoplásicos/química , Antivirais/química , Carbolinas/química , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Herpesvirus Humano 1/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
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