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1.
J Clin Lipidol ; 13(5): 735-743, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Age, smoking, hypercholesterolemia, and hypertension are major risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether the effects of alirocumab on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) differed according to age, hypertension, or smoking status. METHODS: Data were pooled from 10 Phase 3 ODYSSEY randomized trials (24-104 weeks' duration) in 4983 people with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) or non-familial hypercholesterolemia (3188 on alirocumab, 1795 on control [620 on ezetimibe and 1175 on placebo]). Most participants received concomitant maximum tolerated statin therapy. In 8 trials, the alirocumab dose was increased from 75 mg every 2 weeks (Q2W) to 150 mg Q2W at Week 12 if predefined risk-based LDL-C goals were not achieved at Week 8 (≥70 mg/dL in very high cardiovascular risk; ≥100 mg/dL in moderate or high cardiovascular risk). Two trials compared alirocumab 150 mg Q2W vs placebo. The efficacy and safety of alirocumab were assessed post hoc in subgroups stratified by age (<65, ≥65 to <75, ≥75 years) and baseline hypertension or smoking status. RESULTS: Alirocumab reduced LDL-C by 23.7% (75/150 mg vs ezetimibe + statin) to 65.4% (150 mg vs placebo + statin) from baseline to Week 24 vs control. Subgroup analyses confirmed no significant interactions in response to alirocumab between age group, hypertension, or smoking status. Overall rates of treatment-emergent adverse events were similar between alirocumab and control groups. CONCLUSIONS: In this pooled analysis from 10 trials, alirocumab led to substantial LDL-C reductions vs control in every age group and regardless of hypertension or smoking status. Alirocumab was well tolerated in all subgroups.

2.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(22): 2819-2828, 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of ticagrelor in the long-term post-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with fibrinolytic therapy remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ticagrelor when compared with clopidogrel in STEMI patients treated with fibrinolytic therapy. METHODS: This international, multicenter, randomized, open-label with blinded endpoint adjudication trial enrolled 3,799 patients (age <75 years) with STEMI receiving fibrinolytic therapy. Patients were randomized to ticagrelor (180-mg loading dose, 90 mg twice daily thereafter) or clopidogrel (300- to 600-mg loading dose, 75 mg daily thereafter). The key outcomes were cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, or stroke, and the same composite outcome with the addition of severe recurrent ischemia, transient ischemic attack, or other arterial thrombotic events at 12 months. RESULTS: The combined outcome of cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, or stroke occurred in 129 of 1,913 patients (6.7%) receiving ticagrelor and in 137 of 1,886 patients (7.3%) receiving clopidogrel (hazard ratio: 0.93; 95% confidence interval: 0.73 to 1.18; p = 0.53). The composite of cardiovascular mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, severe recurrent ischemia, transient ischemic attack, or other arterial thrombotic events occurred in 153 of 1,913 patients (8.0%) treated with ticagrelor and in 171 of 1,886 patients (9.1%) receiving clopidogrel (hazard ratio: 0.88; 95% confidence interval: 0.71 to 1.09; p = 0.25). The rates of major, fatal, and intracranial bleeding were similar between the ticagrelor and clopidogrel groups. CONCLUSION: Among patients age <75 years with STEMI, administration of ticagrelor after fibrinolytic therapy did not significantly reduce the frequency of cardiovascular events when compared with clopidogrel. (Ticagrelor in Patients With ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Treated With Pharmacological Thrombolysis [TREAT]; NCT02298088).

3.
Br J Nutr ; 121(12): 1365-1375, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887937

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus is a global epidemic, characterised as a heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders associated with high risk of CVD. Green banana biomass, which is composed of resistant starches (RS) and cannot be hydrolysed by amylases, delays gastric emptying and modulates insulin sensitivity, thus contributing to improve metabolic disorders. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of consumption of RS from green banana biomass on body composition, fasting plasma glucose, glycated Hb (HbA1c) and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance in subjects with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes on top of treatment. Middle-aged subjects (n 113) of both sexes with pre-diabetes (HbA1c: 5·7-6·4 %) or diabetes (HbA1c ≥ 6·5 %) were randomised to receive nutritional support plus green banana biomass (40 g) (RS: approximately 4·5 g, G1, n 62) or diet alone (G2, n 51) for 24 weeks. Body composition, biochemical analyses and dietary intake were evaluated at the beginning and end of the study. In the experimental group (G1), consumption of RS was associated with reduction in HbA1c (P = 0·0001), fasting glucose (P = 0·021), diastolic blood pressure (P = 0·010), body weight (P = 0·002), BMI (P = 0·006), waist and hip circumferences (P < 0·01), fat mass percentage (P = 0·001) and increase in lean mass percentage (P = 0·011). In controls (G2), reductions were observed in waist and hip circumferences (P < 0·01), HbA1c (P = 0·002) and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (P = 0·020). In pre-diabetes or diabetes, non-significant differences were observed in the percentage reduction in HbA1c and fasting glucose in exploratory analyses. Our results indicate that the consumption of bioactive starches is a good dietary strategy to improve metabolic control and body composition.

4.
JAMA Cardiol ; 3(5): 391-399, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29525822

RESUMO

Importance: The bleeding safety of ticagrelor in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated with fibrinolytic therapy remains uncertain. Objective: To evaluate the short-term safety of ticagrelor when compared with clopidogrel in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated with fibrinolytic therapy. Design, Setting and Participants: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, open-label with blinded end point adjudication trial that enrolled 3799 patients (younger than 75 years) with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction receiving fibrinolytic therapy in 152 sites from 10 countries from November 2015 through November 2017. The prespecified upper boundary for noninferiority for bleeding was an absolute margin of 1.0%. Interventions: Patients were randomized to ticagrelor (180-mg loading dose, 90 mg twice daily thereafter) or clopidogrel (300-mg to 600-mg loading dose, 75 mg daily thereafter). Patients were randomized with a median of 11.4 hours after fibrinolysis, and 90% were pretreated with clopidogrel. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) major bleeding through 30 days. Results: The mean (SD) age was 58.0 (9.5) years, 2928 of 3799 patients (77.1%) were men, and 2177 of 3799 patients (57.3%) were white. At 30 days, TIMI major bleeding had occurred in 14 of 1913 patients (0.73%) receiving ticagrelor and in 13 of 1886 patients (0.69%) receiving clopidogrel (absolute difference, 0.04%; 95% CI, -0.49% to 0.58%; P < .001 for noninferiority). Major bleeding defined by the Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes criteria and by the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium types 3 to 5 bleeding occurred in 23 patients (1.20%) in the ticagrelor group and in 26 patients (1.38%) in the clopidogrel group (absolute difference, -0.18%; 95% CI, -0.89% to 0.54; P = .001 for noninferiority). The rates of fatal (0.16% vs 0.11%; P = .67) and intracranial bleeding (0.42% vs 0.37%; P = .82) were similar between the ticagrelor and clopidogrel groups, respectively. Minor and minimal bleeding were more common with ticagrelor than with clopidogrel. The composite of death from vascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke occurred in 76 patients (4.0%) treated with ticagrelor and in 82 patients (4.3%) receiving clopidogrel (hazard ratio, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.67-1.25; P = .57). Conclusions and Relevance: In patients younger than 75 years with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, delayed administration of ticagrelor after fibrinolytic therapy was noninferior to clopidogrel for TIMI major bleeding at 30 days. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT02298088.

5.
Trials ; 18(1): 601, 2017 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29258572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early reperfusion of the occluded coronary artery during acute myocardial infarction is considered crucial for reduction of infarcted mass and recovery of ventricular function. Effective microcirculation and the balance between protective and harmful lymphocytes may have roles in reperfusion injury and may affect final ventricular remodeling. METHODS/DESIGN: BATTLE-AMI is an open-label, randomized trial comparing the effects of four therapeutic strategies (rosuvastatin/ticagrelor, rosuvastatin/clopidogrel, simvastatin plus ezetimibe/ticagrelor, or simvastatin plus ezetimibe/clopidogrel) on infarcted mass and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (blinded endpoints) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction submitted to fibrinolytic therapy before coronary angiogram (pharmacoinvasive strategy). All patients (n = 300, 75 per arm) will be followed up for six months. The effects of treatment on subsets of B and T lymphocytes will be determined by flow-cytometry/ELISPOT and will be correlated with the infarcted mass, LVEF, and microcirculation perfusion obtained by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. The primary hypothesis is that the combined rosuvastatin/ticagrelor therapy will be superior to other therapies (particularly for the comparison with simvastatin plus ezetimibe/clopidogrel) for the achievement of better LVEF at 30 days (primary endpoint) and smaller infarcted mass (secondary endpoint) at 30 days and six months. The trial will also evaluate the improvement in the immune/inflammatory responses mediated by B and T lymphocytes. Omics field (metabolomics and proteomics) will help to understand these responses by molecular events. DISCUSSION: BATTLE-AMI is aimed to (1) evaluate the role of subsets of lymphocytes on microcirculation improvement and (2) show how the choice of statin/antiplatelet therapy may affect cardiac remodeling after acute myocardial infarction with ST elevation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02428374 . Registered on 28 September 2014.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia Trombolítica , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Brasil , Protocolos Clínicos , Clopidogrel , Angiografia Coronária , Quimioterapia Combinada , ELISPOT , Ezetimiba/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Metabolômica , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Proteômica , Projetos de Pesquisa , Rosuvastatina Cálcica/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/imunologia , Sinvastatina/administração & dosagem , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Ticagrelor , Ticlopidina/administração & dosagem , Ticlopidina/análogos & derivados , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Psychiatry Res ; 258: 268-273, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28918859

RESUMO

The present study aimed at investigating possible alterations in the serum lipid profile of euthymic patients with bipolar disorder type I (BD) compared to healthy controls (HC). Thirty-five individuals from both genders were recruited, with 14 diagnosed and treated as BD patients (BD group) and 21 healthy subjects (HC group). Clinical assessment was based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), and 17-items of Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-17) data, which were used to confirm diagnosis, to verify psychiatric comorbidities, and to estimate the severity of manic and depressive symptoms. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) was applied to analyze the lipids extracted from all serum samples from both studied groups. In this pioneer and exploratory study, we observed different serum lipid profiles for BD and HC groups, especially regarding glycerophospholipid, glycerolipid, and sphingolipid distribution. Multivariate statistical analyses indicated that 121 lipids were significantly different between BD and HC. Phosphatidylinositols were identified as the most altered lipids in BD patient sera. The results of this preliminary study reinforce the role of lipid abnormalities in BD and offer additional methodological possibilities for investigation in the field.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar/sangue , Lipídeos/sangue , Espectrometria de Massas , Adulto , Transtorno Bipolar/diagnóstico , Transtorno Bipolar/psicologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comorbidade , Depressão/sangue , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/psicologia , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfatidilinositóis/sangue
7.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 131(12): 1215-1224, 2017 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28566450

RESUMO

Monocytes circulate in the blood and migrate to inflammatory tissues, but their functions can be either detrimental or beneficial, depending on their phenotypes. In humans, classical monocytes are inflammatory cluster of differentiation (CD)14++CD16-CCR2++ cells originated from the bone marrow or spleen reservoirs and comprise ≥92% of monocytes. Intermediate monocytes (CD14++CD16+CCR2+) are involved in the production of anti-inflammatory cytokines [such as interleukin (IL)-10], reactive oxygen species (ROS), and proinflammatory mediators [such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and IL-1ß). Nonclassical monocytes (CD14+CD16++CCR2-) are patrolling cells involved in tissue repair and debris removal from the vasculature. Many studies in both humans and animals have shown the importance of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and its receptor [chemokine receptor of MCP-1 (CCR2)] in pathologies, such as atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction (MI). This review presents the importance of these monocyte subsets in cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), and sheds light on new strategies for the blocking of the MCP-1/CCR2 axis as a therapeutic goal for treating vascular disorders.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo , Monócitos/metabolismo , Receptores CCR2/metabolismo , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/imunologia , Quimiocina CCL2/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Ligantes , Monócitos/classificação , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/imunologia , Fenótipo , Receptores CCR2/antagonistas & inibidores , Transdução de Sinais
8.
Int J Cardiol ; 230: 204-208, 2017 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28062136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A pharmacodynamic comparison between ticagrelor and prasugrel after fibrinolytic therapy has not yet been performed. METHODS: In the single-center SAMPA trial, 50 consecutive STEMI patients previously treated with clopidogrel and undergoing a pharmacoinvasive strategy were randomized to either a ticagrelor (n=25) 180mg loading dose followed by 90mg bid, or a prasugrel (n=25) 60mg loading dose followed by 10mg/day, initiated after fibrinolytic therapy but before angiography. Platelet reactivity was assessed with the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay at 0, 2, 6, and 24h after randomization. RESULTS: Mean times from fibrinolysis to prasugrel or ticagrelor administration were 11.1±6.9 and 13.3±6.3h, respectively (p=0.24). The values of PRU decreased significantly from baseline to 2h (all p<0.001) and from 2h to 6h (all p<0.001) in both groups. There was no difference in PRU values between 6h and 24h. The mean PRU values at 0, 2, 6, and 24h were 234.9, 127.8, 45.4, and 48.0 in the prasugrel group and 233.1, 135.1, 67.7, and 56.9 in the ticagrelor group, respectively. PRU values did not significantly differ between groups at any time period of the study. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with STEMI treated with fibrinolytic therapy, platelet inhibition after clopidogrel is suboptimal and can be further increased with more potent agents. Ticagrelor and prasugrel demonstrated a similar extent of P2Y12 receptor inhibition within 24h, although maximal platelet inhibition after these potent agents was not achieved for 6h.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Angiografia Coronária , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Ticagrelor , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Curr Med Res Opin ; 33(2): 239-251, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27776432

RESUMO

In the last two decades, statin therapy has proved to be the most potent isolated therapy for attenuation of cardiovascular risk. Its frequent use has been seen as one of the most important elements for the reduction of cardiovascular mortality in developed countries. However, the recurrent incidence of muscle symptoms in statin users raised the possibility of causal association, leading to a disease entity known as statin associated muscle symptoms (SAMS). Mechanistic studies and clinical trials, specifically designed for the study of SAMS have allowed a deeper understanding of the natural history and accurate incidence. This set of information becomes essential to avoid an unnecessary risk of severe forms of SAMS. At the same time, this concrete understanding of SAMS prevents overdiagnosis and an inadequate suspension of one of the most powerful prevention strategies of our times. In this context, the Luso-Latin American Consortium gathered all available information on the subject and presents them in detail in this document as the basis for the identification and management of SAMS.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Doenças Musculares/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Risco
10.
Trials ; 18(1): 601-601, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early reperfusion of the occluded coronary artery during acute myocardial infarction is considered crucial for reduction of infarcted mass and recovery of ventricular function. Effective microcirculation and the balance between protective and harmful lymphocytes may have roles in reperfusion injury and may affect final ventricular remodeling. METHODS/DESIGN: BATTLE-AMI is an open-label, randomized trial comparing the effects of four therapeutic strategies (rosuvastatin/ticagrelor, rosuvastatin/clopidogrel, simvastatin plus ezetimibe/ticagrelor, or simvastatin plus ezetimibe/clopidogrel) on infarcted mass and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (blinded endpoints) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction submitted to fibrinolytic therapy before coronary angiogram (pharmacoinvasive strategy). All patients (n = 300, 75 per arm) will be followed up for six months. The effects of treatment on subsets of B and T lymphocytes will be determined by flow-cytometry/ELISPOT and will be correlated with the infarcted mass, LVEF, and microcirculation perfusion obtained by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. The primary hypothesis is that the combined rosuvastatin/ticagrelor therapy will be superior to other therapies (particularly for the comparison with simvastatin plus ezetimibe/clopidogrel) for the achievement of better LVEF at 30 days (primary endpoint) and smaller infarcted mass (secondary endpoint) at 30 days and six months...(AU)


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Linfócitos B , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Metabolômica , Proteômica
11.
Crit Rev Eukaryot Gene Expr ; 26(2): 161-2, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27480778

RESUMO

The paper summarizes the difficulties to study the rare population of endothelial progenitor cells in clinical trials, based on the experience of our group in many publications in this area.


Assuntos
Células Progenitoras Endoteliais , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos
12.
Cell Biochem Biophys ; 74(2): 253-62, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27126056

RESUMO

We investigated the association between the degree of oxidative modification of LDL particles by non-linear optical response of LDL (Z-scan technique) and the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis in different segments of the carotid artery. We recruited high-intensity athlete runners (n = 44) and controls (n = 51) to participate in the study. The carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), interleukin 10 (IL-10), TNF-alpha, and the non-linear optical responses of LDL particle (Z-scan) were assessed. In athletes, the mean cIMT differed between genders, with higher values observed in female athletes compared to male athletes (P < 0.05). Higher mean values for cIMT were seen in the right carotid arteries of female athletes as compared to female controls (P < 0.05). Higher levels of TNF-alpha and IL-10 were found in athletes (P < 0.05). Yet, ΔΓpv (transmittance curve) of Z-scan in athletes was higher than in the non-athletes, indicating less oxidation in LDL particles of athletes (P < 0.05). There was an inverse association between the ΔΓpv and cIMT in the right internal carotid segments (ß = -0.163, P < 0.05) in all subjects, and between the VO2max and the mean cIMT (ß = -0.003, P < 0.05) in male subjects. The present study shows that the Z-scan technique enabled to detect less oxidative modifications in LDL particles from athletes. This effect was associated with cIMT in a gender-dependent mode.


Assuntos
Atletas , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , Dinâmica não Linear , Fenômenos Ópticos , Adulto , Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Artérias Carótidas/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Oxirredução , Consumo de Oxigênio , Adulto Jovem
13.
Life Sci ; 143: 124-30, 2015 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26514303

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of treatment of hypertension on the autoantibodies to apolipoprotein B-derived peptides (anti-ApoB-D peptide Abs) response, inflammation markers and vascular function. MAIN METHODS: Eighty-eight patients with hypertension (stage 1 or 2) were recruited and advised to receive perindopril (4mg), hydrochlorothiazide (25mg), or indapamide (1.5mg) for 12weeks in a blinded fashion. Office and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24h ABPM), flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), nitrate-induced dilatation (NID), titers of IgG and IgM anti-ApoB-D peptide Abs, hsCRP, and interleukins (IL-8 and IL-10) were evaluated at baseline and 12weeks after therapies. KEY FINDINGS: All treatments reduced office BP, and improved FMD (P<0.05 vs. baseline). The NID was improved only in the perindopril arm (P<0.05 vs. baseline). The 24h-ABPM was reduced with perindopril and hydrochlorothiazide therapies (P<0.05 vs. baseline), but not with indapamide, and this effect was followed by increase in titers of IgM Anti-ApoB-D peptide Abs (P<0.05 vs. baseline), without modifications in titers IgG Anti-ApoB-D peptide Abs and interleukins. Multivariable regression analysis has shown that change in the titers of IgM anti-ApoB-D peptide was associated with the changes in FMD (ß -0.347; P<0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: These findings shed light to a possible modulator effect of the antihypertensive therapy on the natural immunity responses and vascular function.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Hidroclorotiazida/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Indapamida/uso terapêutico , Perindopril/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hidroclorotiazida/farmacologia , Hipertensão/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Indapamida/farmacologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perindopril/farmacologia , Método Simples-Cego
14.
J Clin Lipidol ; 9(4): 542-52, 2015 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26228672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Plant sterol (PS) supplementation has been widely used alone or combined with lipid-lowering therapies (LLTs) to reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. The effects of PS added to high-intensity LLT are less reported, especially regarding the effects on cholesterol synthesis and absorption. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, open-label study, with parallel arms and blinded end points was designed to evaluate the effects of addition of PS to LLT on LDL cholesterol, markers of cholesterol synthesis, and absorption. Eighty-six patients of both genders were submitted to a 4-wk run-in period with atorvastatin 10 mg (baseline). Following, subjects received atorvastatin 40 mg, ezetimibe 10 mg, or combination of both drugs for another 4-wk period (phase I). In phase II, capsules containing 2.0 g of PSs were added to previous assigned treatments for 4 wk. Lipids, apolipoproteins, plasma campesterol, ß-sitosterol, and desmosterol levels were assayed at all time points. Within and between-group analyses were performed. RESULTS: Compared with baseline, atorvastatin 40 mg reduced total and LDL cholesterol (3% and 22%, respectively, P < .05), increased ß-sitosterol, campesterol/cholesterol, and ß-sitosterol/cholesterol ratios (39%, 47%, and 32%, respectively, P < .05); ezetimibe 10 mg reduced campesterol and campesterol/cholesterol ratio (67% and 70%, respectively, P < .05), and the combined therapy decreased total and LDL cholesterol (22% and 38%, respectively, P < .05), campesterol, ß-sitosterol, and campesterol/cholesterol ratio (54%, 40%, and 27%, P < .05). Addition of PS further reduced total and LDL cholesterol by ∼ 7.7 and 6.5%, respectively, in the atorvastatin therapy group and 5.0 and 4.0% in the combined therapy group (P < .05, for all), with no further effects in absorption or synthesis markers. CONCLUSIONS: PS added to LLT can further improve lipid profile, without additional effects on intestinal sterol absorption or synthesis.


Assuntos
Anticolesterolemiantes/administração & dosagem , Suplementos Nutricionais , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamento farmacológico , Fitosteróis/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Apolipoproteínas/sangue , Atorvastatina/administração & dosagem , Colesterol/análogos & derivados , Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Ezetimiba/administração & dosagem , Ezetimiba/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/sangue , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fitosteróis/efeitos adversos , Fitosteróis/sangue , Sitosteroides/sangue
15.
Atherosclerosis ; 241(2): 342-9, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26071656

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been linked to increased oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation and worsening atherosclerosis. This study investigated oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) as a marker of lipid peroxidation, and total LDL cholesterol (direct LDL-C), as a marker of the lipid profile among individuals with OSA, and its association with hypertension (HYP) and dyslipidemia (DYS). The impact of one year of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) was also assessed. METHODS: Blood was collected after 12 h of fasting from 99 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with OSA via polysomnography, and were also diagnosed with both HYP and DYS via clinical and laboratory studies. The patients were classified into the following three groups: GI [OSA with comorbidities (HYP or DYS)], GII [OSA without comorbidities], and GIII [control]. Thirty-five patients with an apnea/hypopnea index >20 per hour of sleep were randomized to groups that received either Sham-CPAP or CPAP treatments over 12 months. RESULTS: In a binary regression controlled for sex, age, body mass index, and glycemia, model 1 which analyzed direct LDL-C, demonstrated significant levels of risk in the setting of DYS but not in the settings of HYP and OSA. In model 2, which analyzed oxLDL, DYS (p = 0.01), HYP (p = 0.032), and OSA (p = 0.039) were statistically significant. Significant alterations were observed in only the sleep parameters following one year of CPAP. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the statistical regression model, only the presence of DYS (p = 0.001) was associated with the levels of direct LDL-C. The remaining comorbidities (OSA and HYP) were not significantly related to the levels of direct LDL-C. Regarding oxLDL, OSA, HYP and DYS each added significant score values to the levels of oxLDL. These findings are suggestive of the importance of assessing oxLDL among patients presenting with OSA, both with and without comorbidities.


Assuntos
Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas , Dislipidemias/sangue , Hipertensão/sangue , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/sangue , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Adulto , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Dislipidemias/diagnóstico , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Oxidativo , Fatores de Risco , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 103(4): 272-281, Out. 2014. tabela, gráfico
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1025685

RESUMO

Fundamento: Pacientes com diabetes apresentam-se em extrato de maior risco para eventos cardiovasculares fatais. Objetivo: Avaliar os principais preditores associados às taxas de mortalidade em pacientes com diabetes tipo 2. Métodos: Estudo de coorte composto por 323 indivíduos com diabetes mellitus do tipo 2, de várias regiões do Brasil, acompanhados em longo prazo. Dados clínicos, laboratoriais eletrocardiográficos foram obtidos no período basal e aplicados no modelo Cox de regressão, para examinar a associação dessas variáveis com as taxas de mortalidade e determinação de taxa de risco (HR) e intervalo de confiança (IC). Resultados: Após 9,2 anos (mediana) de seguimento, 33 pacientes morreram (sendo 17 por causas cardiovasculares). A mortalidade cardiovascular foi associada a gênero masculino, tabagismo, infarto do miocárdio prévio, intervalo QTc longo, hipertrofia ventricular esquerda e taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) <60 mL/min. Esses biomarcadores, além da obesidade, também foram preditores para mortalidade total. Após ajustes para idade e gênero, a mortalidade cardiovascular, manteve-se associada a tabagismo (HR = 3,8; IC 95% 1,3-11,8; p = 0,019), infarto prévio do miocárdio (HR = 8,5; IC 95% 1,8-39,9; p = 0,007), TFG < 60 mL/min (HR = 9,5; IC 95% 2,7-33,7; p = 0,001), intervalo QTc longo (HR = 5,1; IC 95% 1,7-15,2; p = 0,004), hipertrofia ventricular esquerda (HR = 3,5; IC 95% 1,3-9,7; p = 0,002). A mortalidade total foi associada com obesidade (HR = 2,3; IC 95% 1,1-5,1; p = 0,030), tabagismo (HR = 2,5; IC 95% 1,0-6,1; p = 0,046), infarto prévio do miocárdio (HR = 3,1; 95% CI 1,4-6,1; p = 0,005) e intervalo QTc longo (HR = 3,1; 95% CI 1,4-6,1; p = 0,017). Conclusões: Biomarcadores de simples mensuração, particularmente os que traduzem lesões de órgãos-alvo, foram preditores de mortalidade em pacientes com diabetes tipo 2. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Órgãos-Alvo , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 103(4): 272-281, 10/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-725321

RESUMO

Background: Patients with diabetes are in extract higher risk for fatal cardiovascular events. Objective: To evaluate major predictors of mortality in subjects with type 2 diabetes. Methods: A cohort of 323 individuals with type 2 diabetes from several regions of Brazil was followed for a long period. Baseline electrocardiograms, clinical and laboratory data obtained were used to determine hazard ratios (HR) and confidence interval (CI) related to cardiovascular and total mortality. Results: After 9.2 years of follow-up (median), 33 subjects died (17 from cardiovascular causes). Cardiovascular mortality was associated with male gender; smoking; prior myocardial infarction; long QTc interval; left ventricular hypertrophy; and eGFR <60 mL/min. These factors, in addition to obesity, were predictors of total mortality. Cardiovascular mortality was adjusted for age and gender, but remained associated with: smoking (HR = 3.8; 95% CI 1.3-11.8; p = 0.019); prior myocardial infarction (HR = 8.5; 95% CI 1.8-39.9; p = 0.007); eGFR < 60 mL/min (HR = 9.5; 95% CI 2.7-33.7; p = 0.001); long QTc interval (HR = 5.1; 95% CI 1.7-15.2; p = 0.004); and left ventricular hypertrophy (HR = 3.5; 95% CI 1.3-9.7; p = 0.002). Total mortality was associated with obesity (HR = 2.3; 95% CI 1.1-5.1; p = 0.030); smoking (HR = 2.5; 95% CI 1.0-6.1; p = 0.046); prior myocardial infarction (HR = 3.1; 95% CI 1.4-6.1; p = 0.005), and long QTc interval (HR = 3.1; 95% CI 1.4-6.1; p = 0.017). Conclusions: Biomarkers of simple measurement, particularly those related to target-organ lesions, were predictors of mortality in subjects with type 2 diabetes. .


Fundamento: Pacientes com diabetes apresentam-se em extrato de maior risco para eventos cardiovasculares fatais. Objetivo: Avaliar os principais preditores associados às taxas de mortalidade em pacientes com diabetes tipo 2. Métodos: Estudo de coorte composto por 323 indivíduos com diabetes mellitus do tipo 2, de várias regiões do Brasil, acompanhados em longo prazo. Dados clínicos, laboratoriais e eletrocardiográficos foram obtidos no período basal e aplicados no modelo Cox de regressão, para examinar a associação dessas variáveis com as taxas de mortalidade e determinação de hazard ratio (HR) e intervalo de confiança (IC). Resultados: Após 9,2 anos (mediana) de seguimento, 33 pacientes morreram (sendo 17 por causas cardiovasculares). A mortalidade cardiovascular foi associada a gênero masculino, tabagismo, infarto do miocárdio prévio, intervalo QTc longo, hipertrofia ventricular esquerda e taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) <60 mL/min. Esses biomarcadores, além da obesidade, também foram preditores para mortalidade total. Após ajustes para idade e gênero, a mortalidade cardiovascular, manteve-se associada a tabagismo (HR = 3,8; IC 95% 1,3-11,8; p = 0,019), infarto prévio do miocárdio (HR = 8,5; IC 95% 1,8-39,9; p = 0,007), TFG < 60 mL/min (HR = 9,5; IC 95% 2,7-33,7; p = 0,001), intervalo QTc longo (HR = 5,1; IC 95% 1,7-15,2; p = 0,004), hipertrofia ventricular esquerda (HR = 3,5; IC 95% 1,3-9,7; p = 0,002). A mortalidade total foi associada com obesidade (HR = 2,3; IC 95% 1,1-5,1; p = 0,030), tabagismo (HR = 2,5; IC 95% 1,0-6,1; p = 0,046), infarto prévio do miocárdio (HR = 3,1; 95% CI 1,4-6,1; p = 0,005) e intervalo QTc longo (HR = 3,1; 95% CI 1,4-6,1; p = 0,017). Conclusões: Biomarcadores de simples mensuração, particularmente os que traduzem lesões de ...


Assuntos
Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , /mortalidade , Brasil , Estudos de Coortes , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , /complicações , Eletrocardiografia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Insuficiência Renal/mortalidade , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
19.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 103(4): 272-81, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25098376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes are in extract higher risk for fatal cardiovascular events. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate major predictors of mortality in subjects with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A cohort of 323 individuals with type 2 diabetes from several regions of Brazil was followed for a long period. Baseline electrocardiograms, clinical and laboratory data obtained were used to determine hazard ratios (HR) and confidence interval (CI) related to cardiovascular and total mortality. RESULTS: After 9.2 years of follow-up (median), 33 subjects died (17 from cardiovascular causes). Cardiovascular mortality was associated with male gender; smoking; prior myocardial infarction; long QTc interval; left ventricular hypertrophy; and eGFR <60 mL/min. These factors, in addition to obesity, were predictors of total mortality. Cardiovascular mortality was adjusted for age and gender, but remained associated with: smoking (HR = 3.8; 95% CI 1.3-11.8; p = 0.019); prior myocardial infarction (HR = 8.5; 95% CI 1.8-39.9; p = 0.007); eGFR < 60 mL/min (HR = 9.5; 95% CI 2.7-33.7; p = 0.001); long QTc interval (HR = 5.1; 95% CI 1.7-15.2; p = 0.004); and left ventricular hypertrophy (HR = 3.5; 95% CI 1.3-9.7; p = 0.002). Total mortality was associated with obesity (HR = 2.3; 95% CI 1.1-5.1; p = 0.030); smoking (HR = 2.5; 95% CI 1.0-6.1; p = 0.046); prior myocardial infarction (HR = 3.1; 95% CI 1.4-6.1; p = 0.005), and long QTc interval (HR = 3.1; 95% CI 1.4-6.1; p = 0.017). CONCLUSIONS: Biomarkers of simple measurement, particularly those related to target-organ lesions, were predictors of mortality in subjects with type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/mortalidade , Idoso , Brasil , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Insuficiência Renal/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
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