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1.
Nature ; 593(7860): 597-601, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902106

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is an abundant internal RNA modification1,2 that is catalysed predominantly by the METTL3-METTL14 methyltransferase complex3,4. The m6A methyltransferase METTL3 has been linked to the initiation and maintenance of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), but the potential of therapeutic applications targeting this enzyme remains unknown5-7. Here we present the identification and characterization of STM2457, a highly potent and selective first-in-class catalytic inhibitor of METTL3, and a crystal structure of STM2457 in complex with METTL3-METTL14. Treatment of tumours with STM2457 leads to reduced AML growth and an increase in differentiation and apoptosis. These cellular effects are accompanied by selective reduction of m6A levels on known leukaemogenic mRNAs and a decrease in their expression consistent with a translational defect. We demonstrate that pharmacological inhibition of METTL3 in vivo leads to impaired engraftment and prolonged survival in various mouse models of AML, specifically targeting key stem cell subpopulations of AML. Collectively, these results reveal the inhibition of METTL3 as a potential therapeutic strategy against AML, and provide proof of concept that the targeting of RNA-modifying enzymes represents a promising avenue for anticancer therapy.

2.
J Med Chem ; 57(12): 5459-63, 2014 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24847974

RESUMO

Catechol O-methyl transferase belongs to the diverse family of S-adenosyl-l-methionine transferases. It is a target involved in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Here we present a fragment-based screening approach to discover noncatechol derived COMT inhibitors which bind at the SAM binding pocket. We describe the identification and characterization of a series of highly ligand efficient SAM competitive bisaryl fragments (LE = 0.33-0.58). We also present the first SAM-competitive small-molecule COMT co-complex crystal structure.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Catecol O-Metiltransferase , S-Adenosilmetionina/metabolismo , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Catecol O-Metiltransferase/química , Humanos , Cinética , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Proteica , Pirazóis/química , Ratos , S-Adenosilmetionina/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/química , Triazóis/química
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