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Nutrients ; 12(8)2020 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32708000


Whole grains may assist in reducing risk of non-communicable disease, but consumption is limited in many countries. In Australia, the reasons for poor consumption are not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate consumers' knowledge, attitudes and identification of whole grains, incorporating an exploration of factors influencing consumption, promotion and provision. An online semi-structured questionnaire was used to gather responses from 735 participants (61% complete responses). Although 92% of respondents consumed grains, only 8% reported an intake consistent with age and gender recommendations. Refined pasta and rice were the most frequently purchased grain foods followed by wholemeal/whole grain bread. Of whole grain foods, bread and breakfast cereals were consumed more frequently. However, overall, participants did not prioritise consumption of whole grains. Despite this, 93% of participants had seen food packaging information drawing attention to whole grain content, with a high proportion describing whole grain as less processed (72%) or high in dietary fibre (67%). Two-thirds were aware of health benefits but stated that if they had further information, they would be more likely to swap to whole grain. Further education, increasing exposure, accessibility and extensive promotion of whole grain health benefits are required to facilitate whole grain consumption. Furthermore, removing the negative stigma associated with carbohydrate foods, including grains, will be necessary to improve consumption.

Comportamento do Consumidor , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Grãos Integrais , Adulto , Austrália , Pão/análise , Comportamento de Escolha , Estudos Transversais , Dieta Saudável , Fibras na Dieta/análise , Grão Comestível/química , Feminino , Preferências Alimentares , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
Appetite ; 149: 104630, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057840


The health benefits of whole grains and dietary fibre are well established, however intakes of both remain low across the globe. Innovative added-fibre refined grain products may present a solution to increase fibre intakes given potential sensory barriers to whole grain intake. However, to consider the efficacy of such products, or potential alternative measures, an awareness of consumer knowledge, perceptions and attitudes towards both whole grain and added-fibre grain foods is needed. Focus groups (with adults with no formal nutrition education) were conducted to explore factors affecting consumer grain choice. Discussions were transcribed verbatim and analysed using inductive thematic analysis. Nine focus groups composed of 52 participants (23 men; 29 women) were conducted. Participants tended to report choosing 'grainy' bread but few other whole grain foods. Most participants were unaware of the long-term health benefits of whole grains, recommended whole grain intakes, or how to identify foods that were high in whole grains, thereby limiting motivation to increase intake. Additionally, scepticism surrounding the health value of carbohydrate-based foods appeared to hinder grain intakes in general. These findings suggest that further public education and promotion of whole grain benefits, with a focus on food-based targets and messaging, may be important in efforts to increase whole grain and subsequently fibre intakes. Added-fibre grain products may be a useful addition, specifically for avid whole grain-avoiders who are unlikely to accept whole grain sensory properties. However, as most participants were open to whole grain consumption, industry innovation should also focus efforts on increasing availability and variety of products high in whole grains.

Dieta Saudável/psicologia , Fibras na Dieta/análise , Preferências Alimentares/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Grãos Integrais , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Política Nutricional , Percepção , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
Neurourol Urodyn ; 35(5): 642-6, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25871445


AIMS: To characterize the prevalence and impact of nocturnal enuresis and overactive bladder (OAB) symptomatology in the adult sickle-cell disease (SCD) population. METHODS: We performed a single-center, cross-sectional study of adult SCD patients from October 2012 to February 2014, using the validated Pfizer OAB short form questionnaire and brief voiding history surveys. Patient responses and scores were compared to that of controls having normal or sickle cell trait hemoglobin genotypes. RESULTS: A group of 239 SCD patients (116 males, 123 females) were compared with 104 normal and 57 sickle cell trait patients. Seven of 239 (2.9%) SCD patients compared to none of the 161 patients without SCD (P = 0.04) reported current nocturnal enuresis. The median age of nocturnal enuresis cessation was higher in SCD patients (12.0, IQR 9.0-15.0 years) compared to that of both normal (7.5, IQR 6.0-9.8 years) and sickle cell trait (7.5, IQR 6.0-8.8 years) groups (P < 0.0001). Ninety-three of 239 (38.9%) SCD patients compared to 17 of 104 (16.3%) normal and 11 of 57 (19.3%) sickle cell trait had scores indicating OAB symptomatology (P < 0.0001). Patients with SCD had higher OAB symptom severity and lower health-related quality of life (HRQL) scores compared to the normal and sickle cell trait groups (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.0001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate an elevated rate of nocturnal enuresis and OAB symptoms in the adult SCD population. An OAB phenotype may be an under-recognized complication of SCD irrespective of age. Neurourol. Urodynam. 35:642-646, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Anemia Falciforme/epidemiologia , Enurese Noturna/epidemiologia , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/epidemiologia , Adulto , Anemia Falciforme/complicações , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Jamaica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Enurese Noturna/etiologia , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/etiologia , Adulto Jovem