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Environ Health Perspect ; 125(9): 094503, 2017 09 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28949918


SUMMARY: Research involving human subjects after public health emergencies and disasters may pose ethical challenges. These challenges may include concerns about the vulnerability of prospective disaster research participants, increased research burden among disaster survivors approached by multiple research teams, and potentially reduced standards in the ethical review of research by institutional review boards (IRBs) due to the rush to enter the disaster field. The NIEHS Best Practices Working Group for Special IRB Considerations in the Review of Disaster Related Research was formed to identify and address ethical and regulatory challenges associated with the review of disaster research. The working group consists of a diverse collection of disaster research stakeholders across a broad spectrum of disciplines. The working group convened in July 2016 to identify recommendations that are instrumental in preparing IRBs to review protocols related to public health emergencies and disasters. The meeting included formative didactic presentations and facilitated breakout discussions using disaster-related case studies. Major thematic elements from these discussions were collected and documented into 15 working group recommendations, summarized in this article, that address topics such as IRB disaster preparedness activities, informed consent, vulnerable populations, confidentiality, participant burden, disaster research response integration and training, IRB roles/responsibilities, community engagement, and dissemination of disaster research results.

Desastres , National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (U.S.) , Emergências , Comitês de Ética em Pesquisa , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Saúde Pública , Estados Unidos
Public Health Nurs ; 22(5): 414-21, 2005.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16229734


OBJECTIVES: Inactive nurses' interest in volunteering for emergency preparedness was examined. METHODS: A mail survey was sent to the entire Vermont Board of Nursing list of in-state inactive and lapsed registered nurses (n = 3,682). A high rate of undeliverable surveys (60%) was found and 611 surveys were returned for a 20% response rate. RESULTS: Twenty-seven percent of the respondents were interested in volunteering. Those interested in participating in volunteer work as part of a national homeland security effort were significantly more likely to (a) be younger in age (p < 0.0001); (b) identify themselves as "being a nurse" (p = 0.001); (c) be employed versus retired (p = 0.002); and (d) be currently volunteers (p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Because 33% of the nation's nurses are over age 50, inactive nurses offer a potentially large pool of volunteers for emergency preparedness training and response in the years to come.

Planejamento em Desastres , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Voluntários , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Coleta de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vermont
In. Enarson, Elaine, ed; Hearn Morrow, Betty, ed. The gendered terrain of disaster : Through women's eyes. s.l, International Hurricane Center. Laboratory for Social and Behavioral Research, 1998. p.11-25.
Monografia em Inglês | Desastres | ID: des-12883