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Eur J Surg Oncol ; 45(9): 1717-1722, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31266665


BACKGROUND: After treatment of primary ocular uveal melanoma (UM), up to 50% of patients will develop metastases, mostly in the liver. Systemic treatments do not provide any overall survival benefit for these patients and surgery remains the most effective therapy for selected patients. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) alone or in combination with surgery is frequently used to spare hepatic parenchyma. When patients relapse after treatment of their first metastases, and when the liver recurrence is limited, new local liver treatment is questionable. METHODS: A total of 14 patients with liver metastases from uveal melanoma (LMUM) were retrospectively evaluated. All patients had a complete first liver resection and a second treatment with RFA. Overall survival, recurrence-free interval after the first and the second treatment was evaluated. RESULTS: Treatment of hepatic recurrence was percutaneous RFA for ten patients and per-operative RFA for four patients associated with new metastasectomy. The median time to onset of LMUMs after ocular UM treatment was 50 months, and the median time to recurrence of hepatic metastasis after the first liver treatment was 20 months. The overall survival was 70% at five years and 35% at ten years. The recurrence-free interval was 50% and 56% at two years after the first and the second treatment, respectively. CONCLUSION: Prolonged survival can be achieved by exclusive and iterative local treatment combining surgery and RFA in a small proportion of patients with a first recurrence of isolated LMUM.

Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 42(6): 1762-1772, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28246921


Uterine myometrial tumors are predominantly benign conditions that affect one-third of women and represent the main indication for hysterectomy. Preoperative imaging is of utmost importance for characterization and for precise mapping of myometrial tumors to best guide therapeutic strategy. New minimally invasive therapeutic strategies including morcellation, myolysis, uterine artery embolization and image-guided radiofrequency or focused ultrasound ablation have been developed for the treatment of uterine leiomyoma. However, preoperative differentiation between atypical leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas is critical on imaging as uterine sarcoma requires a specific surgical technique to prevent dissemination. A single, rapidly growing uterine tumor, associated with endometrial thickening and ascites, in post-menopausal women is suspicious of uterine endometrial stromal sarcoma and carcinosarcoma. Suggestive magnetic resonance imaging features have been described, but overlap in imaging appearance between uterine leiomyosarcomas and cellular leiomyomas makes it challenging to ascertain the diagnosis. This review aims to illustrate the imaging features of uterine sarcomas and potential mimickers to make the reader more familiar with this serious condition which needs special consideration.

Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Leiomioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Leiomiossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcoma do Estroma Endometrial/diagnóstico por imagem