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1.
Front Immunol ; 9: 2791, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30559742

RESUMO

Chagas disease is caused by infection with the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi and affects over 8 million people worldwide. In spite of a powerful innate and adaptive immune response in acute infection, the parasite evades eradication, leading to a chronic persistent infection with low parasitism. Chronically infected subjects display differential patterns of disease progression. While 30% develop chronic Chagas disease cardiomyopathy (CCC)-a severe inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy-decades after infection, 60% of the patients remain disease-free, in the asymptomatic/indeterminate (ASY) form, and 10% develop gastrointestinal disease. Infection of genetically deficient mice provided a map of genes relevant for resistance to T. cruzi infection, leading to the identification of multiple genes linked to survival to infection. These include pathogen resistance genes (PRG) needed for intracellular parasite destruction, and genes involved in disease tolerance (protection against tissue damage and acute phase death-DTG). All identified DTGs were found to directly or indirectly inhibit IFN-γ production or Th1 differentiation. We hypothesize that the absolute need for DTG to control potentially lethal IFN-γ PRG activity leads to T. cruzi persistence and establishment of chronic infection. IFN-γ production is higher in CCC than ASY patients, and is the most highly expressed cytokine in CCC hearts. Key DTGs that downmodulate IFN-γ, like IL-10, and Ebi3/IL27p28, are higher in ASY patients. Polymorphisms in PRG and DTG are associated with differential disease progression. We thus hypothesize that ASY patients are disease tolerant, while an imbalance of DTG and IFN-γ PRG activity leads to the inflammatory heart damage of CCC.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/imunologia , Doença de Chagas/imunologia , Tolerância Imunológica/imunologia , Trypanosoma cruzi/imunologia , Progressão da Doença , Coração/parasitologia , Humanos , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interleucina-10/imunologia , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th1/parasitologia
2.
Front Immunol ; 8: 1213, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29033934

RESUMO

The identification of anti-inflammatory mediators can reveal important targetable molecules capable of counterbalancing Trypanosoma cruzi-induced myocarditis. Composed of Ebi3 and IL-27p28 subunits, IL-27 is produced by myeloid cells and is able to suppress inflammation by inducing IL-10-producing Tr1 cells, thus emerging as a potential candidate to ameliorate cardiac inflammation induced by T. cruzi. Although IL-27 has been extensively characterized as a suppressive cytokine that prevents liver immunopathogenesis after T. cruzi infection, the mechanisms underlying its effects on T. cruzi-induced myocarditis remain largely unknown. Here, wild-type (WT) and Ebi3-deficient animals were intraperitoneally infected with trypomastigotes of T. cruzi Y strain and used to evaluate the potential anti-inflammatory properties of Ebi3 during T. cruzi infection. The survival rates of mice were daily recorded, the frequency of inflammatory cells was analyzed by flow cytometry and inflammatory mediators were measured by ELISA, real-time PCR and PCR array. We reported that T. cruzi-induced myocarditis was prevented by Ebi3. Stressors mainly recognized by TLR2 and TLR4 receptors on myeloid cells were essential to trigger IL-27p28 production. In addition, Ebi3 regulated IFN-γ-mediated myocarditis by promoting an anti-inflammatory environment through IL-10, which was most likely produced by Tr1 cells rather than classical regulatory T cells (Tregs), in the heart tissue of T. cruzi-infected animals. Furthermore, in vivo IFN-γ blockade ameliorated the host survival without compromising the parasite control in the bloodstream. In humans, IL-27p28 was correlated with cardiac protection during Chagas disease. Patients with mild clinical forms of the disease produced high levels of IL-27p28, whereas lower levels were found in those with severe forms. In addition, polymorphic sites at Ebi3 gene were associated with severe cardiomyopathy in patients with Chagas disease. Collectively, we describe a novel regulatory mechanism where Ebi3 dampens cardiac inflammation by modulating the overproduction of IFN-γ, the bona fide culprit of Chagas disease cardiomyopathy.

3.
Clin Infect Dis ; 65(7): 1103-1111, 2017 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28575239

RESUMO

Background: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is endemic in Latin America and affects 10 million people worldwide. Approximately 12000 deaths attributable to Chagas disease occur annually due to chronic Chagas disease cardiomyopathy (CCC), an inflammatory cardiomyopathy presenting with heart failure and arrythmia; 30% of infected subjects develop CCC years after infection. Genetic mechanisms play a role in differential progression to CCC, but little is known about the role of epigenetic modifications in pathological gene expression patterns in CCC patients' myocardium. DNA methylation is the most common modification in the mammalian genome. Methods: We investigated the impact of genome-wide cardiac DNA methylation on global gene expression in myocardial samples from end-stage CCC patients, compared to control samples from organ donors. Results: In total, 4720 genes were differentially methylated between CCC patients and controls, of which 399 were also differentially expressed. Several of them were related to heart function or to the immune response and had methylation sites in their promoter region. Reporter gene and in silico transcription factor binding analyses indicated promoter methylation modified expression of key genes. Among those, we found potassium channel genes KCNA4 and KCNIP4, involved in electrical conduction and arrythmia, SMOC2, involved in matrix remodeling, as well as enkephalin and RUNX3, potentially involved in the increased T-helper 1 cytokine-mediated inflammatory damage in heart. Conclusions: Results support that DNA methylation plays a role in the regulation of expression of pathogenically relevant genes in CCC myocardium, and identify novel potential disease pathways and therapeutic targets in CCC.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Doença de Chagas/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/parasitologia , Doença de Chagas/parasitologia , Doença Crônica , Impressões Digitais de DNA/métodos , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/genética , Coração/parasitologia , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/parasitologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Trypanosoma cruzi/patogenicidade , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Infect Dis ; 214(1): 161-5, 2016 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26951817

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) modulate gene expression at the epigenetic, transcriptional, and posttranscriptional levels. Dysregulation of the lncRNA known as myocardial infarction-associated transcript (MIAT) has been associated with myocardial infarction. Chagas disease causes a severe inflammatory dilated chronic cardiomyopathy (CCC). We investigated the role of MIAT in CCC. A whole-transcriptome analysis of heart biopsy specimens and formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples revealed that MIAT was overexpressed in patients with CCC, compared with subjects with noninflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy and controls. These results were confirmed in a mouse model. Results suggest that MIAT is a specific biomarker of CCC.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/complicações , Doença de Chagas/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Doença de Chagas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Fatores de Transcrição
5.
J Immunol Res ; 2015: 679813, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26693492

RESUMO

Pediatric autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) patients present hypergammaglobulinemia, periportal CD8(+) cytotoxic T cell infiltration, and cirrhosis. Autoantibody profile defines AIH types 1 and 2 in addition to strong association with HLA-DRB1. We previously detected increased IgE serum levels and sought to compare clinical and histological features according to IgE levels in AIH (n = 74, ages 1-14 years) patients. Additionally, we typed 117 patients and 227 controls for functional polymorphisms of IL4, IL13, IL5, and IL4RA genes involved in IgE switching and eosinophil maturation that might contribute to overall genetic susceptibility to AIH. Serum IgE levels were high in 55% of AIH-1, but only in 12% of AIH-2 (P = 0.003) patients. Liver IgE was present in 91.3% of AIH-1 patients. The A alleles at both IL13 rs20541 and IL4RA rs1805011 were associated with AIH-1 (P = 0.024, OR = 1.55 and P < 0.0001, OR = 2.15, resp.). Furthermore, individuals presenting homozygosis for the A allele at IL4RA rs1805011 and HLA-DRB1(∗)03 and/or (∗)13 allele had sixfold greater risk to develop the disease (OR = 14.00, P < 0.001). The novel association suggests an additional role for IgE-linked immune response genes in the pathogenesis of AIH.


Assuntos
Eosinófilos/fisiologia , Cadeias HLA-DRB1/genética , Hepatite Autoimune/imunologia , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , Interleucina-13/genética , Adolescente , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Hepatite Autoimune/diagnóstico , Hepatite Autoimune/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Risco
6.
Cytokine ; 73(1): 79-83, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25743241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic Chagas Disease cardiomyopathy (CCC), a life-threatening inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy, affects 30% of the approximately 8 million patients infected by Trypanosoma cruzi, the rest of the infected subjects remaining asymptomatic (ASY). The Th1 T cell-rich myocarditis plays a pivotal role in CCC pathogenesis. Local expression of IL-18 in CCC myocardial tissue has recently been described. IL-18 could potentially amplify the process by inducing increased expression of IFN-γ which in turn can increase the production of IL-18, thereby creating a positive feedback mechanism. In order to assess the contribution of the IL-18 to susceptibility to Chronic Chagas Disease, we investigated the association between a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the IL-18 gene with the risk of developing Chagas cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed the rs2043055 marker in the IL18 gene in a cohort of Chagas disease cardiomyopathy patients (n=849) and asymptomatic subjects (n=202). We found a significant difference in genotype frequencies among moderate and severe CCC patients with ventricular dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis suggests that the IL18 rs2043055 polymorphism- or a SNP in tight linkage disequilibrium with it- may contribute to modulating the Chagas cardiomyopathy outcome.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Interleucina-18/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/fisiopatologia , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Volume Sistólico
7.
Cytokine ; 73: 79-83, 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-31265

RESUMO

Background: Chronic Chagas Disease cardiomyopathy (CCC), a life-threatening inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy,affects 30% of the approximately 8 million patients infected by Trypanosoma cruzi, the restof the infected subjects remaining asymptomatic (ASY). The Th1 T cell-rich myocarditis plays a pivotalrole in CCC pathogenesis. Local expression of IL-18 in CCC myocardial tissue has recently been described.IL-18 could potentially amplify the process by inducing increased expression of IFN-c which in turn canincrease the production of IL-18, thereby creating a positive feedback mechanism. In order to assess thecontribution of the IL-18 to susceptibility to Chronic Chagas Disease, we investigated the associationbetween a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the IL-18 gene with the risk of developingChagas cardiomyopathy.Methods and results: We analyzed the rs2043055 marker in the IL18 gene in a cohort of Chagas diseasecardiomyopathy patients (n = 849) and asymptomatic subjects (n = 202). We found a significant differencein genotype frequencies among moderate and severe CCC patients with ventricular dysfunction.Conclusions: Our analysis suggests that the IL18 rs2043055 polymorphism- or a SNP in tight linkagedisequilibrium with it- may contribute to modulating the Chagas cardiomyopathy outcome. (AU)


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas , Miocardite , Disfunção Ventricular
8.
World J Cardiol ; 6(8): 782-90, 2014 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25228957

RESUMO

Chagas disease cardiomyopathy (CCC), the main consequence of Trypanosoma cruzi (T.cruzi) infection, is an inflammatory cardiomyopathy that develops in up to 30% of infected individuals. The heart inflammation in CCC patients is characterized by a Th1 T cell-rich myocarditis with increased production of interferon (IFN)-γ, produced by the CCC myocardial infiltrate and detected at high levels in the periphery. IFN-γ has a central role in the cardiomyocyte signaling during both acute and chronic phases of T.cruzi infection. In this review, we have chosen to focus in its pleiotropic mode of action during CCC, which may ultimately be the strongest driver towards pathological remodeling and heart failure. We describe here the antiparasitic protective and pathogenic dual role of IFN-γ in Chagas disease.

9.
Int J Cardiol ; 175(3): 409-17, 2014 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24910366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/METHODS: Chagas disease is caused by an intracellular parasite, Trypanosoma cruzi, and it is a leading cause of heart failure in Latin America. The main clinical consequence of the infection is the development of a Chronic Chagas disease Cardiomyopathy (CCC), which is characterized by myocarditis, hypertrophy and fibrosis and affects about 30% of infected patients. CCC has a worse prognosis than other cardiomyopathies, like idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). It is well established that myocardial gene expression patterns are altered in CCC, but the molecular mechanisms underlying these differences are not clear. MicroRNAs are recently discovered regulators of gene expression, and are recognized as important factors in heart development and cardiovascular disorders (CD). We analyzed the expression of nine different miRNAs in myocardial tissue samples of CCC patients in comparison to DCM patients and samples from heart transplant donors. Using the results of a cDNA microarray database on CCC and DCM myocardium, signaling networks were built and nodal molecules were identified. RESULTS: We observed that five miRNAs were significantly altered in CCC and three in DCM; importantly, three miRNAs were significantly reduced in CCC as compared to DCM. We observed that multiple gene targets of the differentially expressed miRNAs showed a concordant inverse expression in CCC. Significantly, most gene targets and involved networks belong to crucial disease-related signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that miRNAs may play a major role in the regulation of gene expression in CCC pathogenesis, with potential implication as diagnostic and prognostic tools.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
PLoS One ; 8(12): e83446, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24367596

RESUMO

AIMS: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi is endemic in Latin America, and may lead to a life-threatening inflammatory dilated, chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC). One third of T. cruzi-infected individuals progress to CCC while the others remain asymptomatic (ASY). A possible genetic component to disease progression was suggested by familial aggregation of cases and the association of markers of innate and adaptive immunity genes with CCC development. Since mutations in multiple sarcomeric genes, including alpha-cardiac actin (ACTC1) have been involved in hereditary dilated cardiomyopathy, we investigated the involvement of the ACTC1 gene in CCC pathogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a proteomic and genetic study on a Brazilian study population. The genetic study was done on a main cohort including 118 seropositive asymptomatic subjects and 315 cases and the replication was done on 36 asymptomatic and 102 CCC cases. ACTC1 protein and mRNA levels were lower in myocardial tissue from patients with end-stage CCC than those found in hearts from organ donors. Genotyping a case-control cohort of CCC and ASY subjects for all informative single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the ACTC1 gene identified rs640249 SNP, located at the 5' region, as associated to CCC. Associations are borderline after correction for multiple testing. Correlation and haplotype analysis led to the identification of a susceptibility haplotype. Functional assays have shown that the rs640249A/C polymorphism affects the binding of transcriptional factors in the promoter regions of the ACTC1 gene. Confirmation of the detected association on a larger independent replication cohort will be useful. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variations at the ACTC1 gene may contribute to progression to chronic Chagas Cardiomyopathy among T. cruzi-infected patients, possibly by modulating transcription factor binding to ACTC1 promoter regions.


Assuntos
Actinas/genética , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Actinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Miocárdio/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
11.
BMC Infect Dis ; 13: 587, 2013 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24330528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi is endemic in Latin America. Thirty percent of infected individuals develop chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC), an inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy that is, by far, the most important clinical consequence of T. cruzi infection. The others remain asymptomatic (ASY). A possible genetic component to disease progression was suggested by familial aggregation of cases and the association of markers of innate and adaptive immunity genes with CCC development. Migration of Th1-type T cells play a major role in myocardial damage. METHODS: Our genetic analysis focused on CCR5, CCL2 and MAL/TIRAP genes. We used the Tag SNPs based approach, defined to catch all the genetic information from each gene. The study was conducted on a large Brazilian population including 315 CCC cases and 118 ASY subjects. RESULTS: The CCL2rs2530797A/A and TIRAPrs8177376A/A were associated to an increase susceptibility whereas the CCR5rs3176763C/C genotype is associated to protection to CCC. These associations were confirmed when we restricted the analysis to severe CCC, characterized by a left ventricular ejection fraction under 40%. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that polymorphisms affecting key molecules involved in several immune parameters (innate immunity signal transduction and T cell/monocyte migration) play a role in genetic susceptibility to CCC development. This also points out to the multigenic character of CCC, each polymorphism imparting a small contribution. The identification of genetic markers for CCC will provide information for pathogenesis as well as therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Imunidade Inata , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Receptores CCR5/genética , Receptores de Interleucina-1/genética , Trypanosoma cruzi/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/imunologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/parasitologia , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/prevenção & controle , Quimiocina CCL2/imunologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores CCR5/imunologia , Receptores de Interleucina-1/imunologia
12.
PLOS ONE ; 8(12): 1-16, 2013. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-29744

RESUMO

Aims: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi is endemic in Latin America, and may lead to alife-threatening inflammatory dilated, chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC). One third of T. cruzi-infectedindividuals progress to CCC while the others remain asymptomatic (ASY). A possible genetic component to diseaseprogression was suggested by familial aggregation of cases and the association of markers of innate and adaptiveimmunity genes with CCC development. Since mutations in multiple sarcomeric genes, including alpha-cardiac actin(ACTC1) have been involved in hereditary dilated cardiomyopathy, we investigated the involvement of the ACTC1gene in CCC pathogenesis.Methods and Results: We conducted a proteomic and genetic study on a Brazilian study population. The geneticstudy was done on a main cohort including 118 seropositive asymptomatic subjects and 315 cases and thereplication was done on 36 asymptomatic and 102 CCC cases. ACTC1 protein and mRNA levels were lower inmyocardial tissue from patients with end-stage CCC than those found in hearts from organ donors. Genotyping acase-control cohort of CCC and ASY subjects for all informative single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the ACTC1gene identified rs640249 SNP, located at the 5’ region, as associated to CCC. Associations are borderline aftercorrection for multiple testing. Correlation and haplotype analysis led to the identification of a susceptibility haplotype.Functional assays have shown that the rs640249A/C polymorphism affects the binding of transcriptional factors in thepromoter regions of the ACTC1 gene. Confirmation of the detected association on a larger independent replicationcohort will be useful.Conclusions: Genetic variations at the ACTC1 gene may contribute to progression to chronic ChagasCardiomyopathy among T. cruzi-infected patients, possibly by modulating transcription factor binding to ACTC1promoter regions. (AU)


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas , Variação Genética , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica
13.
Infect Genet Evol ; 11(5): 912-6, 2011 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21376140

RESUMO

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) or Kala-azar is a serious protozoan infectious disease caused by an obligate intracellular parasite. Cytokines have a major role in determining progression and severity of clinical manifestations in VL. We investigated polymorphisms in the TGFB1and IL8 genes, which are cytokines known to have a role in onset and severity of the disease. Polymorphisms at TGFB1 -509 C/T and +869 T/C, and IL8 -251 A/T were analyzed by a PCR-RFLP technique, in 198 patients with VL, 98 individuals with asymptomatic infection positive for a delayed-type hypersensitivity test (DTH+) and in 101 individuals with no evidence of infection (DTH-). The presence of the T allele in position -509 of the TGFB1 gene conferred a two-fold risk to develop infection both when including those with clinical symptoms (DTH+ and VL, grouped) or when considering DTH+ only, respectively p = 0.007, OR = 1.9 [1.19-3.02] and p = 0.012, OR = 2.01 [1.17-3.79], when compared with DTH- individuals. In addition, occurrence of hemorrhage was associated with TGFB1 -509 T allele. We suggest that the -509 T allele of the TGFB1 gene, a cytokine with a biologically relevant role in the natural history of the disease, may contribute to overall susceptibility to infection by Leishmania and to severity of the clinical disease.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Interleucina-8/genética , Leishmaniose Visceral/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
Acta Trop ; 117(1): 10-3, 2011 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20858452

RESUMO

Some Latin American countries have plans for total control and/or eradication of Chagas disease by the main vector (Triatoma infestans) and by blood transfusion. To achieve this, patients with Chagas disease must be identified. A Western blotting test, TESAcruzi, is described as a supplemental test for diagnosis of Chagas disease using samples collected from children <5 years living in different states of Brazil. Blood samples collected by finger prick on filter paper were sent to the test laboratory by a central laboratory to confirm results obtained previously. Ten percent of negative samples, all doubtful and all positive samples were received. Commercial reagents, IgG indirect immunofluorescence, enzyme immunoassay, and a recently introduced TESAcruzi test were used. From 8788 samples, 163 (1.85%) were reactive by IgG-ELISA and 312 (3.55%) by IgG IIF. From these, 77 (0.87%) were reactive in the TESAcruzi test. The results had high clinical value to identify those truly infected.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue , Western Blotting/métodos , Doença de Chagas/diagnóstico , Parasitologia/métodos , Trypanosoma cruzi/imunologia , Brasil , Pré-Escolar , Dessecação , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos
15.
São Paulo; s.n; 2010. xvii,114 p. ilus, tab.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-579496

RESUMO

A leishmaniose visceral constitui grave Doença infecciosa causada protozoário parasita obrigatório hum Por intracelular. Alguns Fatores podem alterar um Gravidade das Manifestações Clínicas, hum DELES Sendo uma predisposição Genética. Estudo polimorfismos dos genes Este investigou TGFB1, IL8 e IL6, Que São citocinas Relacionadas com o desencadeamento da EA Gravidade da Doença, visando identificar Fatores de susceptibilidade. Os polimorfismos TGFB1 -509 C / T e TGFB1 869 T / C, IL8-251A / T e IL6-174g / C FORAM analisados ​​Por PCR-RFLP, in 198 Pacientes com leishmaniose visceral (LV), 98 indivíduos com Infecção assintomática ( Teste de hipersensibilidade tardia - DTH +) SEM e 100 indivíduos Evidências de Infecção (DTH). O alelo T NA POSIÇÃO -509 do gene conferiu TGFB1 Duas Vezes Maior Risco de desenvolver serviços LV OU positivo par o Teste de DTH (p = 0,007, OR = 1,9 [1,19-3,02]), in indivíduos com comparação DTH. Associação Os UMA sugerem RESULTADOS do Polimorfismo TGFB1-509C / T com uma susceptibilidade à LV, podendo contribuir para o desencadeamento da Doença clínica.


Visceral leishmaniasis is a serious protozoan infectious disease caused by an obligate intracellular parasite. Some factors can affect the severity of the clinical manifestations; one of which is genetic susceptibility. This study investigated polymorphisms in the TGFB1, IL8 and IL6 genes, which are cytokines related with the onset and severity of the disease, to look for genetic susceptibility factors. Polymorphisms at TGFB1 -509C/T and +869T/C, and IL8 - 251A/T and IL6 -174G/C were analyzed by a PCR-RFLP technique, in 198 patients with Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL), 98 individuals with asymptomatic infection (positive delayed-type hypersensitivity, DTH+) and 100 individuals with no evidence of infection (DTH-). The T allele of the TGFB1 polymorphism in position -509C/T conferred a two risk fold to develop LV or to be DTH+ (p=0.007; OR=1.9 [1.19 - 3.02]) when compared with DTH- individuals. We suggest the TGFB1 -509C/T polymorphism is associated with susceptibility to LV and may contribute to development of the clinical disease.


Assuntos
Humanos , Citocinas , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Leishmaniose Visceral , Polimorfismo Genético
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