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1.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(8): 4749-4757, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057038

RESUMO

Cyclocurcumin is a turmeric component that has attracted much less attention compared to the well-known curcumin. In spite of the less deep characterization of its properties, cyclocurcumin has shown promising anticancer effects when used in combination with curcumin. Especially, due to its peculiar molecular structure, cyclocurcumin can be regarded as an almost ideal photoswitch, whose capabilities can also be exploited for relevant biological applications. Here, by means of state-of-the-art computational methods for electronic excited-state calculations (TD-DFT, MS-CASPT2, and XMS-CASPT2), we analyze in detail the absorption and photoisomerization pathways leading from the more stable trans isomer to the cis one. The different molecular surroundings, taken into account by means of the electrostatic solvent effect and compared with available experimental data, have been found to be critical in describing the fate of irradiated cyclocurcumin: when in non-polar environments, an excited state barrier prevents photoisomerization and favours fluorescence, whereas in polar solvents, an almost barrierless path results in a striking decrease of fluorescence, opening the way toward a crossing region with the ground state and thus funneling the photoproduction of the cis isomer.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833158

RESUMO

Mercury is a contaminant of global concern that is transported throughout the atmosphere as elemental mercury Hg0 and its oxidized forms HgI and HgII . The efficient gas-phase photolysis of HgII and HgI has recently been reported. However, whether the photolysis of HgII leads to other stable HgII species, to HgI , or to Hg0 and its competition with thermal reactivity remain unknown. Herein, we show that all oxidized forms of mercury rapidly revert directly and indirectly to Hg0 by photolysis. Results are based on non-adiabatic dynamics simulations, in which the photoproduct ratios were determined with maximum errors of 3%. We construct for the first time a complete quantitative mechanism of the photochemical and thermal conversion between atmospheric HgII , HgI , and Hg0 compounds. These results reveal new fundamental chemistry that has broad implications for the global atmospheric Hg cycle. Thus, photoreduction clearly competes with thermal oxidation, with Hg0 being the main photoproduct of HgII photolysis in the atmosphere, which significantly increases the lifetime of this metal in the environment.

3.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(21): 6750-6754, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609626

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy is a promising approach to treat a variety of superficial tumors and other diseases. One of its major limitations arises from its dependence on molecular oxygen, which decreases the efficiency of the therapy in hypoxia conditions commonly developed by solid tumors. The present contribution reveals the molecular mechanism of a modified thymine bearing a nitroimidazole substituent, a photosensitizer able to produce highly harmful interstrand cross-links in the DNA double strand after irradiation selectively in absence of oxygen. The mechanism is resolved at a fully atomistic and electronic level relying on quantum mechanics (CASPT2, coupled-cluster, DFT, and TD-DFT methods), classical molecular dynamics, and advanced biased QM/MM simulations, revealing an energy penalty of ∼8 kcal/mol for the anionic nitromidazole release. Our findings indicate that the global interstrand cross-link production is driven by a combination of multiple factors, namely, the reverse energy penalty, the diffusion of the nitroimidazole anion, and the further reactivity of the formed thymine radical. On the basis of these results, we also suggest some possible strategies to improve the efficiency of interstrand cross-link production.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Nitroimidazóis/química , DNA/metabolismo , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Teoria Quântica
4.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(20): 6202-6207, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560852

RESUMO

Photoswitchable molecules have attracted wide interest for many applications in chemistry, physics, and materials science. In this work, we revisit the reversible photochemical and thermal rearrangements of the two B20H182- isomers reported by Hawthorne and Pilling in 1966, whose mechanism had not been understood so far. We investigate the rearrangements by means of a joint experimental and computational study with the outcome that B20H182- represents the first boron-based photochromic system ever reported. Both photochemical and thermal isomerizations occur through the same intermediate and involve a diamond-square-diamond (DSD) mechanism. Given the absence within boron chemistry of named chemical reactions as opposed to organic chemistry, we propose to label the B20H182- photo- and thermal isomerization processes as the Hawthorne rearrangement.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 58(15): 10248-10259, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314499

RESUMO

Treatment of the laser borane anti-B18H22 (compound 1) with iodine in ethanol gives the monoiodinated derivative 7-I-anti-B18H21 (compound 2) in 67% yield, or, by reaction with iodine or ICl in the presence of AlCl3 in dichloromethane, the diiodinated derivative 4,4'-I2-anti-B18H20 (compound 3) in 85% yield. On excitation with 360 nm light, both compounds 2 and 3 give strong green phosphorescent emissions (λmax = 525 nm, ΦL = 0.41 and λmax = 545 nm, ΦL = 0.71 respectively) that are quenched by dioxygen to produce O2(1Δg) singlet oxygen with quantum yields of ΦΔ = 0.52 and 0.36 respectively. Similarly strong emissions can be stimulated via the nonlinear process of two-photon absorption when exciting with 720 or 800 nm light. The high quantum yields of singlet-oxygen production, coupled with the option of two-photon excitation, make compounds 2 and 3 promising O2(1Δg) photosensitizers. The molecular structures of compounds 2 and 3 were determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallographic studies as well as multinuclear NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Time-resolved UV-vis spectroscopy was used to delineate their photophysical properties, and the electronic-structure properties of the emitting species were determined by means of multiconfigurational quantum-chemistry computations.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 48(29): 10915-10926, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31149683

RESUMO

Ligand field enhancing N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands were recently shown to prevent photo-induced spin crossover in Fe(ii) complexes due to their intricate effects on the electronic excited state structure. Due to their pico- to nanosecond lifetimes, these complexes are now good candidates for photo-sensitizing applications. Herein we report the synthesis and photophysical characterization of a new family of homoleptic Fe(ii) complexes with C^N^C ligands involving diazines as the central N-heteroaromatic ligand. For these four carbene bond complexes, ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy revealed a significant improvement of the excited-state lifetime. A record 32 ps lifetime was measured for a complex bearing a ligand combining a π-deficient pyrazine nucleus and a benzimidazolylidene as NHC. When compared to other azine-based ligands investigated, we argue that the lifetimes are modulated by a small excited state barrier expressing the ability of the ligand to reach the Fe-N distance needed for internal conversion to the ground state.

7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(24): 12916-12923, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165130

RESUMO

Decaborane(14), nido-B10H14, is the major commercially available molecular building block in boron cluster chemistry. The condensation of two such {nido-B10} blocks gives the known isomers of B18H22- a molecule used in the fabrication of p-type semiconductors and capable of blue laser emission. Here, we computationally determine the structures and thermodynamic stabilities of 20 possible B26H30 regioisomers constructed from the fusion of three {nido-B10} blocks with the three subclusters conjoined by two-boron atom shared edges. In addition, density functional theory, time-dependent (TD)-DFT and multiconfigurational CASPT2 methods have been used to model and investigate the physical and photophysical properties of the three most stable of these isomers. Our findings predict these isomers to be potentially useful materials for the semiconductor industry, as high boron-content doping agents, and in the fabrication of new optical materials.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 58(8): 5069-5081, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950264

RESUMO

The control of photophysical properties of iron complexes and especially of their excited states decay is a great challenge in the search for sustainable alternatives to noble metals in photochemical applications. Herein we report the synthesis and investigations of the photophysics of mer and fac iron complexes bearing bidentate pyridyl-NHC ligands, coordinating the iron with three ligand-field-enhancing carbene bonds. Ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy reveals two distinct excited state populations for both mer and fac forms, ascribed to the populations of the T1 and the T2 states, respectively, which decay to the ground state via parallel pathways. We find 3-4 ps and 15-20 ps excited-state lifetimes, with respective amplitudes depending on the isomer. The longer lifetime exceeds the one reported for iron complexes with tridentate ligands analogues involving four iron-carbene bonds. By combining experimental and computational results, a mechanism based on the differential trapping of the triplet states in spin-crossover regions is proposed for the first time to explain the impact of the fac/ mer isomerism on the overall excited-state lifetimes. Our results clearly highlight the impact of bidentate pyridyl-NHC ligands on the photophysics of iron complexes, especially the paramount role of fac/ mer isomerism in modulating the overall decay process, which can be potentially exploited in the design of new Fe(II)-based photoactive compounds.

9.
Chem Sci ; 9(41): 7902-7911, 2018 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30450180

RESUMO

The intrinsic photostability of nucleic acids is intimately related to evolution of life, while its understanding at the molecular and electronic levels remains a challenge for modern science. Among the different decay pathways proposed in the last two decades, the excited-state hydrogen transfer between guanine-cytosine base pairs has been identified as an efficient non-reactive channel to dissipate the excess of energy provided by light absorption. The present work studies the dynamics of such phenomena taking place in a (dG)·(dC) B-DNA homopolymer in water solution using state-of-the-art molecular modelling and simulation methods. A dynamic effect that boosts the photostability of the inter-strand hydrogen atom transfers, inherent to the Watson-Crick base pairing, is unveiled and ascribed to the energy released during the proton transfer step. Our results also reveal a novel mechanism of DNA decay named four proton transfer (FPT), in which two protons of two adjacent G-C base pairs are transferred to form a biradical zwitterionic intermediate. Decay of the latter intermediate to the ground state triggers the transfer of the protons back to the guanine molecules recovering the Watson-Crick structure of the tetramer. This FPT process is activated by the close interaction of a nearby Na+ counterion with the oxygen atoms of the guanine nucleobases and hence represents a photostable channel operative in natural nucleic acids.

10.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(40): 25666-25675, 2018 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30298156

RESUMO

Nucleic acids are constantly exposed to external agents that can induce chemical and photochemical damage. In spite of the great advances achieved in the last years, some molecular mechanisms of DNA damage are not completely understood yet. A recent experimental report (I. Aparici-Espert et al., ACS Chem. Biol. 2018, 13, 542) proved the ability of 5-formyluracil (ForU), a common oxidatively generated product of thymine, to act as an intrinsic sensitizer of nucleic acids, causing single strand breaks and cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers in plasmid DNA. In the present contribution, we use theoretical methodologies to study the triplet photosensitization mechanism of thymine exerted by ForU in a model dimer and in DNA environment. The photochemical pathways in the former system are described combining the CASPT2 and TD-DFT methods, whereas molecular dynamics simulations and QM/MM calculations are employed for the DNA duplex. It is unambiguously shown that the 1n,π* state localised in ForU mediates the population of the triplet manifold, most likely the 3π,π* state centred in ForU, whereas the 3π,π* state localized in thymine can be populated via triplet-triplet energy transfer given the small energy barrier of <0.23 eV determined for this pathway.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Timina/química , Dano ao DNA , Oxirredução , Transtornos de Fotossensibilidade , Dímeros de Pirimidina/metabolismo
11.
Inorg Chem ; 57(16): 10431-10441, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30063338

RESUMO

The synthesis and the steady-state absorption spectrum of a new pyridine-imidazolylidene Fe(II) complex (Fe-NHC) are presented. A detailed mechanism of the triplet metal-to-ligand charge-transfer states decay is provided on the basis of minimum energy path (MEP) calculations used to connect the lowest-lying singlet, triplet, and quintet state minima. The competition between the different decay pathways involved in the photoresponse is assessed by analyzing the shapes of the obtained potential energy surfaces. A qualitative difference between facial ( fac) and meridional ( mer) isomers' potential energy surface (PES) topologies is evidenced for the first time in iron-based complexes. Indeed, the mer complex shows a steeper triplet path toward the corresponding 3MC minimum, which lies at a lower energy as compared to the fac isomer, thus pointing to a faster triplet decay of the former. Furthermore, while a major role of the metal-centered quintet state population from the triplet 3MC region is excluded, we identify the enlargement of iron-nitrogen bonds as the main normal modes driving the excited-state decay.

12.
Chemistry ; 24(57): 15346-15354, 2018 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30053323

RESUMO

Azetidines are interesting compounds in medicine and chemistry as bioactive scaffolds and synthetic intermediates. However, photochemical processes involved in the generation and fate of azetidine-derived radical ions have scarcely been reported. In this context, the photoreduction of this four-membered heterocycle might be relevant in connection with the DNA (6-4) photoproduct obtained from photolyase. Herein, a stable azabipyrimidinic azetidine (AZTm ), obtained from cycloaddition between thymine and 6-azauracil units, is considered to be an interesting model of the proposed azetidine-like intermediate. Hence, its photoreduction and photo-oxidation are thoroughly investigated through a multifaceted approach, including spectroscopic, analytical, and electrochemical studies, complemented by CASPT2 and DFT calculations. Both injection and removal of an electron result in the formation of radical ions, which evolve towards repaired thymine and azauracil units. Whereas photoreduction energetics are similar to those of the cyclobutane thymine dimers, photo-oxidation is clearly more favorable in the azetidine. Ring opening occurs with relatively low activation barriers (<13 kcal mol-1 ) and the process is clearly exergonic for photoreduction. In general, a good correlation has been observed between the experimental results and theoretical calculations, which has allowed a synergic understanding of the phenomenon.


Assuntos
Azetidinas/química , Pirimidinas/química , Timina/química , Uracila/análogos & derivados , Compostos Aza/química , Reação de Cicloadição , Transporte de Elétrons , Modelos Moleculares , Oxirredução , Processos Fotoquímicos , Dímeros de Pirimidina/química , Uracila/química
13.
Dalton Trans ; 47(5): 1709-1725, 2018 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29334394

RESUMO

Reaction of anti-B18H221 with pyridine in neutral solvents gives sparingly soluble B16H18-3',8'-Py23a as the major product (ca. 53%) and B18H20-6',9'-Py22 (ca. 15%) as the minor product, with small quantities of B18H20-8'-Py 4 (ca. 1%) also being formed. The three new compounds 2, 3a and 4 are characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses and by multinuclear multiple-resonance NMR spectroscopy. Compound 2 is of ten-vertex nido:ten-vertex arachno two-atoms-in-common architecture, long postulated for a species with borons-only cluster constitution, but previously elusive. Compound 3a is of unprecedented ten-vertex nido:eight-vertex arachno two-atoms-in-common architecture. The single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis for the picoline derivative B16H18(NC5H4Me)23b, similarly obtained, is also presented. B18H20Py 4 is also previously unreported but is of known ten-vertex nido:ten-vertex nido two-atoms-in-common architecture of anti configuration, but now with the pyridine ligand positioned differently to other reported examples of B18H20L compounds. Factors behind the remarkably low solubility of 3a and 3b are elucidated in terms of electrostatic potential (ESP) calculations, polarity, and van der Waals complementarities. In view of contemporary developing high interest in the fluorescent properties of macropolyhedral boron-containing species, a detailed assessment of the photophysical characteristics of 3a and 4 is also presented. In contrast to the thermochromic fluorescence of 2 (from 620 nm brick-red at room temperature to 585 nm yellow at 8 K, quantum yield 0.15), compound 3a is only weakly phosphorescent in the yellow region (590 nm, quantum yield 0.01), whereas compound 4 exhibits no luminescence. The far more photoactive nature of compound 2 is associated with S1 excited-state minima structures that differ from each other only by the relative rotational positions of the pyridine substituents on its disubstituted ten-vertex {arachno-B10Py2}-subcluster. The wavelength and relative intensity of fluorescence from these structures depends on the rotational positions of the pyridine ligands, which in turn are influenced by temperature and/or rotational inhibition in the solid-state.

14.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 13(10): 5089-5096, 2017 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28901132

RESUMO

Oxidation of nucleic acids is ubiquitous in living beings under metabolic impairments and/or exposed to external agents such as radiation, pollutants, or drugs, playing a central role in the development of many diseases mediated by DNA/RNA degeneration. Great efforts have been devoted to unveil the molecular mechanisms behind the OH radical additions to the double bonds of nucleobases; however, the specific role of the biological environment remains relatively unexplored. The present contribution tackles the study of the OH radical addition to uracil from the gas phase to a full RNA macromolecule by means of quantum-chemistry methods combined with molecular dynamics simulations. It is shown that, in addition to the intrinsic reactivity of each position driven by the electronic effects, the presence of bridge water molecules intercalated into the RNA structure favors the addition to the C5 position of uracil in biological conditions. The results also suggest that diffusion of the OH radical does not play a relevant role in the regioselectivity of the reaction, which is mainly controlled at the chemical stage of the addition process.


Assuntos
Radical Hidroxila/química , Teoria Quântica , RNA/química , Uracila/química , Soluções , Estereoisomerismo , Água/química
15.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(5): 3955-3962, 2017 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28106183

RESUMO

Almost all chemiluminescent and bioluminescent reactions involve cyclic peroxides. The structure of the peroxide and reaction conditions determine the quantum efficiency of light emission. Oxidizable fluorophores, the so-called activators, react with 1,2-dioxetanones promoting the former to their first singlet excited state. This transformation is inefficient and does not occur with 1,2-dioxetanes; however, they have been used as models for the efficient firefly bioluminescence. In this work, we use the SA-CASSCF/CASPT2 method to investigate the activated chemiexcitation of the parent 1,2-dioxetane and 1,2-dioxetanone. Our findings suggest that ground state decomposition of the peroxide competes efficiently with the chemiexcitation pathway, in agreement with the available experimental data. The formation of non-emissive triplet excited species is proposed to explain the low emission efficiency of the activated decomposition of 1,2-dioxetanone. Chemiexcitation is rationalized considering a peroxide/activator supermolecule undergoing an electron-transfer reaction followed by internal conversion.

16.
J Org Chem ; 82(1): 276-288, 2017 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27957829

RESUMO

The OH radical is a well-known mediator in the oxidation of biological structures like DNA. Over the past decades, the precise events taking place after reaction of DNA nucleobases with OH radical have been widely investigated by the scientific community. Thirty years after the proposal of the main routes for the reaction of •OH with adenine ( Vieira , A. ; Steenken , S. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1990 , 112 , 6986 - 6994 ), the present work demonstrates that the OH radical addition to C4 position is a minor pathway. Instead, the dehydration process is mediated by the A5OH adduct. Conclusions are based on density functional theory calculations for the ground-state reactivity and highly accurate multiconfigurational computations for the excited states of the radical intermediates. The methodology has been also used to study the mechanism giving rise to the mutagens 8-oxoA and FAPyA. Taking into account the agreement between the experimental data and the theoretical results, it is concluded that addition to the C5 and C8 positions accounts for at least ∼44.5% of the total •OH reaction in water solution. Finally, the current findings suggest that hydrophobicity in the DNA/RNA surroundings facilitates the formation of 8-oxoA and FAPyA.


Assuntos
Adenina/análogos & derivados , Radical Hidroxila/química , Pirimidinas/química , Teoria Quântica , Adenina/química , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico
17.
Molecules ; 21(12)2016 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27918489

RESUMO

The present study provides new insights into the topography of the potential energy hypersurfaces (PEHs) of the thymine nucleobase in order to rationalize its main ultrafast photochemical decay paths by employing two methodologies based on the complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) and the complete active space second-order perturbation theory (CASPT2) methods: (i) CASSCF optimized structures and energies corrected with the CASPT2 method at the CASSCF geometries and (ii) CASPT2 optimized geometries and energies. A direct comparison between these strategies is drawn, yielding qualitatively similar results within a static framework. A number of analyses are performed to assess the accuracy of these different computational strategies under study based on a variety of numerical thresholds and optimization methods. Several basis sets and active spaces have also been calibrated to understand to what extent they can influence the resulting geometries and subsequent interpretation of the photochemical decay channels. The study shows small discrepancies between CASSCF and CASPT2 PEHs, displaying a shallow planar or twisted ¹(ππ*) minimum, respectively, and thus featuring a qualitatively similar scenario for supporting the ultrafast bi-exponential deactivation registered in thymine upon UV-light exposure. A deeper knowledge of the PEHs at different levels of theory provides useful insight into its correct characterization and subsequent interpretation of the experimental observations. The discrepancies displayed by the different methods studied here are then discussed and framed within their potential consequences in on-the-fly non-adiabatic molecular dynamics simulations, where qualitatively diverse outcomes are expected.


Assuntos
Timina/química , Modelos Químicos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Processos Fotoquímicos , Termodinâmica
18.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 18(48): 32786-32795, 2016 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27878166

RESUMO

Herein, we report complementary computational and experimental evidence supporting the existence, for indan-1-ylidene malononitrile and fluoren-9-ylidene malononitrile, of a non-radiative decay channel involving double bond isomerisation motion. The results of UV-Vis transient absorption spectroscopy highlight that the decay takes place within hundreds of picoseconds. In order to understand the related molecular mechanism, photochemical reaction paths were computed by employing multiconfigurational quantum chemistry. The results indicate that the excited state deactivation occurs via concerted double bond twisting of the dicyanovinyl (DCV) unit coupled with a pyramidalisation of its substituted carbon. It is also shown that the observed differences in the excited state lifetimes when passing from indan-1-ylidene malononitrile to fluoren-9-ylidene are associated with the change in the topography of the conical intersection driving the decay from intermediate to sloped, respectively.

19.
J Org Chem ; 81(10): 4031-8, 2016 05 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27088245

RESUMO

The chemical fate of radical intermediates is relevant to understand the biological effects of radiation and to explain formation of DNA lesions. A direct approach to selectively generate the putative reactive intermediates is based on the irradiation of photolabile precursors. But, to date, radical formation and reactivity have only been studied in aqueous media, which do not completely mimic the microenvironment provided by the DNA structure and its complexes with proteins. Thus, it is also important to evaluate the photogeneration of nucleoside-based radicals in nonaqueous media. The attention here is focused on the independent generation of 5,6-dihydropyrimidin-5-yl radicals in organic solvent through the synthesis of new lipophilic tert-butyl ketone precursors. Formation of 5,6-dihydro-2'-deoxyuridin-5-yl and 5,6-dihydrothymidin-5-yl radicals has first been confirmed by using a new nitroxide-derived profluorescent radical trap. Further evidence has been obtained by nanosecond laser flash photolysis through detection of long-lived transients. Finally, the experimental data are corroborated by multiconfigurational ab initio CASPT2//CASSCF methodology.

20.
J Chem Phys ; 143(21): 215101, 2015 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26646889

RESUMO

Low-energy (0-3 eV) ballistic electrons originated during the irradiation of biological material can interact with DNA/RNA nucleobases yielding transient-anion species which undergo decompositions. Since the discovery that these reactions can eventually lead to strand breaking of the DNA chains, great efforts have been dedicated to their study. The main fragmentation at the 0-3 eV energy range is the ejection of a hydrogen atom from the specific nitrogen positions. In the present study, the methodological approach introduced in a previous work on uracil [I. González-Ramírez et al., J. Chem. Theory Comput. 8, 2769-2776 (2012)] is employed to study the DNA canonical nucleobases fragmentations of N-H bonds induced by low-energy electrons. The approach is based on minimum energy path and linear interpolation of internal coordinates computations along the N-H dissociation channels carried out at the complete-active-space self-consistent field//complete-active-space second-order perturbation theory level. On the basis of the calculated theoretical quantities, new assignations for the adenine and cytosine anion yield curves are provided. In addition, the π1 (-) and π2 (-) states of the pyrimidine nucleobases are expected to produce the temporary anions at electron energies close to 1 and 2 eV, respectively. Finally, the present theoretical results do not allow to discard neither the dipole-bound nor the valence-bound mechanisms in the range of energies explored, suggesting that both possibilities may coexist in the experiments carried out with the isolated nucleobases.


Assuntos
Adenina/química , Citosina/química , DNA/química , Guanina/química , Timina/química , Uracila/química , Quebras de DNA/efeitos da radiação , Elétrons , Hidrogênio/química , Termodinâmica
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