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2.
Genet Med ; 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363182

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Kabuki syndrome (KS) (OMIM 147920 and 300867) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by specific facial features, intellectual disability, and various malformations. Immunopathological manifestations seem prevalent and increase the morbimortality. To assess the frequency and severity of the manifestations, we measured the prevalence of immunopathological manifestations as well as genotype-phenotype correlations in KS individuals from a registry. METHODS: Data were for 177 KS individuals with KDM6A or KMT2D pathogenic variants. Questionnaires to clinicians were used to assess the presence of immunodeficiency and autoimmune diseases both on a clinical and biological basis. RESULTS: Overall, 44.1% (78/177) and 58.2% (46/79) of KS individuals exhibited infection susceptibility and hypogammaglobulinemia, respectively; 13.6% (24/177) had autoimmune disease (AID; 25.6% [11/43] in adults), 5.6% (10/177) with ≥2 AID manifestations. The most frequent AID manifestations were immune thrombocytopenic purpura (7.3% [13/177]) and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (4.0% [7/177]). Among nonhematological manifestations, vitiligo was frequent. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura was frequent with missense versus other types of variants (p = 0.027). CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of immunopathological manifestations in KS demonstrates the importance of systematic screening and efficient preventive management of these treatable and sometimes life-threatening conditions.

3.
Ann Neurol ; 86(2): 181-192, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177578

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recent reports have described single individuals with neurodevelopmental disability (NDD) harboring heterozygous KCNQ3 de novo variants (DNVs). We sought to assess whether pathogenic variants in KCNQ3 cause NDD and to elucidate the associated phenotype and molecular mechanisms. METHODS: Patients with NDD and KCNQ3 DNVs were identified through an international collaboration. Phenotypes were characterized by clinical assessment, review of charts, electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings, and parental interview. Functional consequences of variants were analyzed in vitro by patch-clamp recording. RESULTS: Eleven patients were assessed. They had recurrent heterozygous DNVs in KCNQ3 affecting residues R230 (R230C, R230H, R230S) and R227 (R227Q). All patients exhibited global developmental delay within the first 2 years of life. Most (8/11, 73%) were nonverbal or had a few words only. All patients had autistic features, and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was diagnosed in 5 of 11 (45%). EEGs performed before 10 years of age revealed frequent sleep-activated multifocal epileptiform discharges in 8 of 11 (73%). For 6 of 9 (67%) recorded between 1.5 and 6 years of age, spikes became near-continuous during sleep. Interestingly, most patients (9/11, 82%) did not have seizures, and no patient had seizures in the neonatal period. Voltage-clamp recordings of the mutant KCNQ3 channels revealed gain-of-function (GoF) effects. INTERPRETATION: Specific GoF variants in KCNQ3 cause NDD, ASD, and abundant sleep-activated spikes. This new phenotype contrasts both with self-limited neonatal epilepsy due to KCNQ3 partial loss of function, and with the neonatal or infantile onset epileptic encephalopathies due to KCNQ2 GoF. ANN NEUROL 2019;86:181-192.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30785647

RESUMO

In a previous article we reported that mutations favoring cancer at adulthood seemed to improve fertility and limit miscarriages. Because spontaneous abortion may result from anomalies in embryo, we questioned if an increased frequency of congenital malformation could be evidenced among cancer-prone families. Oncogenetics database (≈193 000 members) of the comprehensive cancer center Jean Perrin was crossed with regional registry of congenital malformations (≈10 000). Among children born between 1986 and 2011, 176 children with malformation matched in both databases. In breast/ovaries cancer-prone families, the risk for malformations was multiplied by 2.4 [1.2-4.5] in case of a BRCA1 mutation. Frequencies of malformation in BRCA2 and MMR mutated families were similar to families without a cancer syndrome. In comparison to malformations concerning a unique anatomical system, multimalformations were significantly more frequent in case of BRCA or MMR mutations: compared to families without cancer syndrome, the risk of multimalformations was multiplied by 4.1 [0.8-21.7] for cancer-prone families but with no known deleterious mutation, by 6.9 [1.2-38.6] in families with a known mutation but an unknown parental mutational status and by 10.4 [2.3-46.0] when one parent carried the familial mutation. No association with the type of anatomical system was found, nor with multiple births. These results suggest that BRCA and MMR genes play an important role in human embryogenesis and that if their function is lowered because of heterozygote mutations, congenital malformations are either more likely (BRCA1 mutations) and/or more susceptible to concern several anatomical systems.

5.
J Med Genet ; 2018 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30287593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of 16p13.11 duplications remains controversial while frequently detected in patients with developmental delay (DD), intellectual deficiency (ID) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Previously reported patients were not or poorly characterised. The absence of consensual recommendations leads to interpretation discrepancy and makes genetic counselling challenging. This study aims to decipher the genotype-phenotype correlations to improve genetic counselling and patients' medical care. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data from 16 013 patients referred to 12 genetic centers for DD, ID or ASD, and who had a chromosomal microarray analysis. The referring geneticists of patients for whom a 16p13.11 duplication was detected were asked to complete a questionnaire for detailed clinical and genetic data for the patients and their parents. RESULTS: Clinical features are mainly speech delay and learning disabilities followed by ASD. A significant risk of cardiovascular disease was noted. About 90% of the patients inherited the duplication from a parent. At least one out of four parents carrying the duplication displayed a similar phenotype to the propositus. Genotype-phenotype correlations show no impact of the size of the duplicated segment on the severity of the phenotype. However, NDE1 and miR-484 seem to have an essential role in the neurocognitive phenotype. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that 16p13.11 microduplications are likely pathogenic when detected in the context of DD/ID/ASD and supports an essential role of NDE1 and miR-484 in the neurocognitive phenotype. Moreover, it suggests the need for cardiac evaluation and follow-up and a large study to evaluate the aortic disease risk.

7.
J Med Genet ; 55(6): 359-371, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29618507

RESUMO

The Xq28 duplication involving the MECP2 gene (MECP2 duplication) has been mainly described in male patients with severe developmental delay (DD) associated with spasticity, stereotypic movements and recurrent infections. Nevertheless, only a few series have been published. We aimed to better describe the phenotype of this condition, with a focus on morphological and neurological features. Through a national collaborative study, we report a large French series of 59 affected males with interstitial MECP2 duplication. Most of the patients (93%) shared similar facial features, which evolved with age (midface hypoplasia, narrow and prominent nasal bridge, thick lower lip, large prominent ears), thick hair, livedo of the limbs, tapered fingers, small feet and vasomotor troubles. Early hypotonia and global DD were constant, with 21% of patients unable to walk. In patients able to stand, lower limbs weakness and spasticity led to a singular standing habitus: flexion of the knees, broad-based stance with pseudo-ataxic gait. Scoliosis was frequent (53%), such as divergent strabismus (76%) and hypermetropia (54%), stereotypic movements (89%), without obvious social withdrawal and decreased pain sensitivity (78%). Most of the patients did not develop expressive language, 35% saying few words. Epilepsy was frequent (59%), with a mean onset around 7.4 years of age, and often (62%) drug-resistant. Other medical issues were frequent: constipation (78%), and recurrent infections (89%), mainly lung. We delineate the clinical phenotype of MECP2 duplication syndrome in a large series of 59 males. Pulmonary hypertension appeared as a cause of early death in these patients, advocating its screening early in life.

8.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 37(1): 100-106, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29680196

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: Is sperm fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) useful to evaluate the risk of chromosomally unbalanced gametes in interchromosomal reciprocal insertion (IRI) carriers? How do these imbalances lead to recurrent miscarriages? DESIGN: This study reports a clinical and molecular study of a rare familial balanced IRI resulting in recurrent spontaneous miscarriage. Sperm FISH was performed to estimate the number of unbalanced gametes. RESULTS: A 31-year-old healthy male (proband) and his 28-year-old female partner were referred to the Genetics Department for three spontaneous miscarriages occurring during the first trimester of pregnancy. FISH analysis of the proband with the LSI TRA/D (14q11.2) and DiGeorge N25 (22q11.2) break-apart probes showed the presence of a balanced IRI between 14q11.2 and 22q11.2 chromosomal regions. This IRI was also identified in the proband's father. Sperm FISH with the same probes showed that more than 40% of gametes of the proband were unbalanced for either 14q11.2 or 22q11.2, despite normal sperm parameters. FISH analysis of a product of conception indicated that unbalanced gametes result in a non-viable fetus. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the value of sperm FISH analysis in improving genetic reproductive advice for IRI carriers. Disruption of critical genes through this rearrangement and their consequent functional impairment could result in recurrent miscarriages. In this case, several genes located in the 14q11.2 region, particularly RNase 3, would be good candidates to explain the lethality of the imbalances.


Assuntos
Aborto Habitual/genética , Segregação de Cromossomos , Meiose , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Gravidez , Análise do Sêmen , Translocação Genética
9.
J Med Genet ; 55(6): 422-429, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29459493

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Segmentation defects of the vertebrae (SDV) are non-specific features found in various syndromes. The molecular bases of SDV are not fully elucidated due to the wide range of phenotypes and classification issues. The genes involved are in the Notch signalling pathway, which is a key system in somitogenesis. Here we report on mutations identified in a diagnosis cohort of SDV. We focused on spondylocostal dysostosis (SCD) and the phenotype of these patients in order to establish a diagnostic strategy when confronted with SDV. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used DNA samples from a cohort of 73 patients and performed targeted sequencing of the five known SCD-causing genes (DLL3, MESP2, LFNG, HES7 and TBX6) in the first 48 patients and whole-exome sequencing (WES) in 28 relevant patients. RESULTS: Ten diagnoses, including four biallelic variants in TBX6, two biallelic variants in LFNG and DLL3, and one in MESP2 and HES7, were made with the gene panel, and two diagnoses, including biallelic variants in FLNB and one variant in MEOX1, were made by WES. The diagnostic yield of the gene panel was 10/73 (13.7%) in the global cohort but 8/10 (80%) in the subgroup meeting the SCD criteria; the diagnostic yield of WES was 2/28 (8%). CONCLUSION: After negative array CGH, targeted sequencing of the five known SCD genes should only be performed in patients who meet the diagnostic criteria of SCD. The low proportion of candidate genes identified by WES in our cohort suggests the need to consider more complex genetic architectures in cases of SDV.

10.
Hum Mutat ; 39(3): 319-332, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29243349

RESUMO

Autosomal recessive microcephaly or microcephaly primary hereditary (MCPH) is a genetically heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a reduction in brain volume, indirectly measured by an occipitofrontal circumference (OFC) 2 standard deviations or more below the age- and sex-matched mean (-2SD) at birth and -3SD after 6 months, and leading to intellectual disability of variable severity. The abnormal spindle-like microcephaly gene (ASPM), the human ortholog of the Drosophila melanogaster "abnormal spindle" gene (asp), encodes ASPM, a protein localized at the centrosome of apical neuroprogenitor cells and involved in spindle pole positioning during neurogenesis. Loss-of-function mutations in ASPM cause MCPH5, which affects the majority of all MCPH patients worldwide. Here, we report 47 unpublished patients from 39 families carrying 28 new ASPM mutations, and conduct an exhaustive review of the molecular, clinical, neuroradiological, and neuropsychological features of the 282 families previously reported (with 161 distinct ASPM mutations). Furthermore, we show that ASPM-related microcephaly is not systematically associated with intellectual deficiency and discuss the association between the structural brain defects (strong reduction in cortical volume and surface area) that modify the cortical map of these patients and their cognitive abilities.

11.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 26(2): 287-292, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29255276

RESUMO

CHARGE syndrome is a rare genetic disorder mainly due to de novo and private truncating mutations of CHD7 gene. Here we report an intriguing hot spot of intronic mutations (c.5405-7G > A, c.5405-13G > A, c.5405-17G > A and c.5405-18C > A) located in CHD7 IVS25. Combining computational in silico analysis, experimental branch-point determination and in vitro minigene assays, our study explains this mutation hot spot by a particular genomic context, including the weakness of the IVS25 natural acceptor-site and an unconventional lariat sequence localized outside the common 40 bp upstream the acceptor splice site. For each of the mutations reported here, bioinformatic tools indicated a newly created 3' splice site, of which the existence was confirmed using pSpliceExpress, an easy-to-use and reliable splicing reporter tool. Our study emphasizes the idea that combining these two complementary approaches could increase the efficiency of routine molecular diagnosis.

12.
Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet ; 175(4): 417-430, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29178447

RESUMO

CHARGE syndrome (CS) is a genetic disorder whose first description included Coloboma, Heart disease, Atresia of choanae, Retarded growth and development, Genital hypoplasia, and Ear anomalies and deafness, most often caused by a genetic mutation in the CHD7 gene. Two features were then added: semicircular canal anomalies and arhinencephaly/olfactory bulb agenesis, with classification of typical, partial, or atypical forms on the basis of major and minor clinical criteria. The detection rate of a pathogenic variant in the CHD7 gene varies from 67% to 90%. To try to have an overview of this heterogenous clinical condition and specify a genotype-phenotype relation, we conducted a national study of phenotype and genotype in 119 patients with CS. Selected clinical diagnostic criteria were from Verloes (2005), updated by Blake & Prasad (). Besides obtaining a detailed clinical description, when possible, patients underwent a full ophthalmologic examination, audiometry, temporal bone CT scan, gonadotropin analysis, and olfactory-bulb MRI. All patients underwent CHD7 sequencing and MLPA analysis. We found a pathogenic CHD7 variant in 83% of typical CS cases and 58% of atypical cases. Pathogenic variants in the CHD7 gene were classified by the expected impact on the protein. In all, 90% of patients had a typical form of CS and 10% an atypical form. The most frequent features were deafness/semicircular canal hypoplasia (94%), pituitary defect/hypogonadism (89%), external ear anomalies (87%), square-shaped face (81%), and arhinencephaly/anosmia (80%). Coloboma (73%), heart defects (65%), and choanal atresia (43%) were less frequent.


Assuntos
Síndrome CHARGE/diagnóstico , Síndrome CHARGE/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Fenótipo , Anormalidades Múltiplas/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Alelos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Sistema Nervoso Central/anormalidades , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Nervos Cranianos/anormalidades , DNA Helicases/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , França , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Med Genet ; 54(12): 843-851, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28954837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phosphomannomutase 2-congenital disorder of glycosylation (PMM2-CDG) is a multisystem inborn error of metabolism. OBJECTIVES: To better characterise the natural history of PMM2-CDG. METHODS: Medical charts of 96 patients with PMM2-CDG (86 families, 41 males, 55 females) were retrospectively reviewed. Data on clinical, laboratory and molecular parameters at diagnosis were analysed. Follow-up data at last examination were reported for 25 patients. RESULTS: The patients were born between 1963 and 2011. Diagnosis of PMM2-CDG was made at a mean (SD) age of 6.8 (8.5) years. The presenting signs were mostly neurological (hypotonia, intellectual disability, cerebellar syndrome) and observed in almost all the patients. A total of 38 patients (14 males, 24 females) exhibited, in addition to neurological signs, visceral features including at least one of these: feeding difficulty requiring a nutritional support (n=23), cardiac features (n=20; pericarditis: 14, cardiac malformation: 9, cardiomyopathy: 2), hepato-gastrointestinal features (n=12; chronic diarrhoea: 7, protein-losing enteropathy: 1, ascites: 3, liver failure: 1, portal hypertension: 1), kidney features (n=4; nephrotic syndrome: 2, tubulopathy: 2) and hydrops fetalis (n=1). Twelve patients died at a mean age of 3.8 years (especially from pericarditis and other cardiac issues). Laboratory abnormalities mostly included elevated transaminases and abnormal coagulation parameters. High thyreostimulin levels, hypocholesterolemia, hypoalbuminemia and elevated transaminases were associated with the visceral phenotype. Besides the common Arg141His PMM2 variant harboured by half of the patients, 45 different variants were observed. CONCLUSIONS: PMM2-CDG clinical phenotype is heterogeneous in terms of clinical course, with no clear division between neurological and visceral presentations.


Assuntos
Defeitos Congênitos da Glicosilação/diagnóstico , Defeitos Congênitos da Glicosilação/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Fosfotransferases (Fosfomutases)/genética , Adolescente , Alelos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Defeitos Congênitos da Glicosilação/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação , Fenótipo , Fosfotransferases (Fosfomutases)/metabolismo
14.
Birth Defects Res ; 109(15): 1204-1211, 2017 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28722320

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The different mechanisms leading to a solitary kidney should be differentiated because the long-term outcome might be different. The fetal period is the best moment to make a true diagnosis of congenital unilateral renal agenesis (URA). The objective was to determine the prevalence of URA at birth. The secondary objectives were to describe the evolution of sensitivity of prenatal diagnosis over time and the different forms of URA (isolated and associated with other malformations) detected up to 1 year. METHODS: The cases were retrospectively identified through two French population-based birth defect registries (Auvergne and Bas-Rhin) between 1995 and 2013. Stillbirths and fetuses up to 22 weeks of gestation and infants up to 1 year old with URA were included. RESULTS: A total of 177 cases of URA were registered. The prevalence at birth was 4.0/10,000. The overall prenatal prevalence was 3.6/10,000 (isolated URA: 2.8/10,000). URA were isolated (59.9%), associated with isolated contralateral congenital anomaly of kidney or urinary tract (CAKUT) (7.3%) and with other extra-renal anomalies (32.8%). The total proportion of contralateral CAKUT was 15%. Only three cases presented an aneuploidy, prenatally detected and conducting to a termination of pregnancy. The sensitivity of prenatal diagnosis improved over time (from 54.2% in 1995 to 1997 to 95.8% in 2010 to 2013; p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Our study provides estimates of prevalence of URA at birth. A longitudinal cohort from the antenatal period to puberty should be performed to determine the prognosis of the contralateral kidney among these children with isolated, associated with contralateral CAKUT and URA with extra-renal anomalies. Birth Defects Research 109:1204-1211, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/etiologia , Nefropatias/congênito , Rim/anormalidades , Rim Único/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Feto , França , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Nefropatias/complicações , Nefropatias/etiologia , Masculino , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sistema Urinário
15.
Hum Mol Genet ; 26(11): 2062-2075, 2017 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28369444

RESUMO

Mediator occupies a key role in protein coding genes expression in mediating the contacts between gene specific factors and the basal transcription machinery but little is known regarding the role of each Mediator subunits. Mutations in MED12 are linked with a broad spectrum of genetic disorders with X-linked intellectual disability that are difficult to range as Lujan, Opitz-Kaveggia or Ohdo syndromes. Here, we investigated several MED12 patients mutations (p.R206Q, p.N898D, p.R961W, p.N1007S, p.R1148H, p.S1165P and p.R1295H) and show that each MED12 mutations cause specific expression patterns of JUN, FOS and EGR1 immediate early genes (IEGs), reflected by the presence or absence of MED12 containing complex at their respective promoters. Moreover, the effect of MED12 mutations has cell-type specificity on IEG expression. As a consequence, the expression of late responsive genes such as the matrix metalloproteinase-3 and the RE1 silencing transcription factor implicated respectively in neural plasticity and the specific expression of neuronal genes is disturbed as documented for MED12/p.R1295H mutation. In such case, JUN and FOS failed to be properly recruited at their AP1-binding site. Our results suggest that the differences between MED12-related phenotypes are essentially the result of distinct IEGs expression patterns, the later ones depending on the accurate formation of the transcription initiation complex. This might challenge clinicians to rethink the traditional syndromes boundaries and to include genetic criterion in patients' diagnostic.


Assuntos
Genes Precoces/genética , Complexo Mediador/genética , Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Blefarofimose/genética , Blefaroptose/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Genes Ligados ao Cromossomo X/genética , Cardiopatias Congênitas/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/metabolismo , Complexo Mediador/metabolismo , Retardo Mental Ligado ao Cromossomo X/genética , Mutação , Fenótipo , Proteínas Repressoras
16.
Genet Med ; 19(9): 989-997, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28151489

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Postzygotic activating mutations of PIK3CA cause a wide range of mosaic disorders collectively referred to as PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum (PROS). We describe the diagnostic yield and characteristics of PIK3CA sequencing in PROS. METHODS: We performed ultradeep next-generation sequencing (NGS) of PIK3CA in various tissues from 162 patients referred to our clinical laboratory and assessed diagnostic yield by phenotype and tissue tested. RESULTS: We identified disease-causing mutations in 66.7% (108/162) of patients, with mutant allele levels as low as 1%. The diagnostic rate was higher (74%) in syndromic than in isolated cases (35.5%; P = 9.03 × 10-5). We identified 40 different mutations and found strong oncogenic mutations more frequently in patients without brain overgrowth (50.6%) than in those with brain overgrowth (15.2%; P = 0.00055). Mutant allele levels were higher in skin and overgrown tissues than in blood and buccal samples (P = 3.9 × 10-25), regardless of the phenotype. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate the value of ultradeep NGS for molecular diagnosis of PROS, highlight its substantial allelic heterogeneity, and confirm that optimal diagnosis requires fresh skin or surgical samples from affected regions. Our findings may be of value in guiding future recommendations for genetic testing in PROS and other mosaic conditions.Genet Med advance online publication 02 February 2017.


Assuntos
Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Testes Genéticos , Transtornos do Crescimento/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Crescimento/genética , Mutação , Adolescente , Adulto , Alelos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Genótipo , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mosaicismo , Fenótipo , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Adulto Jovem
18.
Am J Med Genet A ; 170(12): 3069-3082, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27648933

RESUMO

Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) is a developmental disorder characterized by a typical face and distal limbs abnormalities, intellectual disability, and a vast number of other features. Two genes are known to cause RSTS, CREBBP in 60% and EP300 in 8-10% of clinically diagnosed cases. Both paralogs act in chromatin remodeling and encode for transcriptional co-activators interacting with >400 proteins. Up to now 26 individuals with an EP300 mutation have been published. Here, we describe the phenotype and genotype of 42 unpublished RSTS patients carrying EP300 mutations and intragenic deletions and offer an update on another 10 patients. We compare the data to 308 individuals with CREBBP mutations. We demonstrate that EP300 mutations cause a phenotype that typically resembles the classical RSTS phenotype due to CREBBP mutations to a great extent, although most facial signs are less marked with the exception of a low-hanging columella. The limb anomalies are more similar to those in CREBBP mutated individuals except for angulation of thumbs and halluces which is very uncommon in EP300 mutated individuals. The intellectual disability is variable but typically less marked whereas the microcephaly is more common. All types of mutations occur but truncating mutations and small rearrangements are most common (86%). Missense mutations in the HAT domain are associated with a classical RSTS phenotype but otherwise no genotype-phenotype correlation is detected. Pre-eclampsia occurs in 12/52 mothers of EP300 mutated individuals versus in 2/59 mothers of CREBBP mutated individuals, making pregnancy with an EP300 mutated fetus the strongest known predictor for pre-eclampsia. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Proteína de Ligação a CREB/genética , Proteína p300 Associada a E1A/genética , Pré-Eclâmpsia/genética , Síndrome de Rubinstein-Taybi/genética , Adulto , Montagem e Desmontagem da Cromatina/genética , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto/genética , Pré-Eclâmpsia/fisiopatologia , Gravidez , Síndrome de Rubinstein-Taybi/patologia , Deleção de Sequência
19.
Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol ; 106(9): 793-7, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27346851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microdeletions encompassing chromosome bands 2q14.1q14.3 are rare. To date, eight reports of relatively large deletions of this region (∼20 Mb) but only two small deletions (<6 Mb) have been reported. These deletions can cause a variable phenotype depending on the size and location of the deletion. Cognitive disability, facial dysmorphism, and postnatal growth retardation are the most common phenotypic features. CASE: We report on a novel 5.8 Mb deletion of 2q14.1q14.3 identified by array comparative genomic hybridization in a fetus with severe intrauterine growth retardation and partial agenesis of the corpus callosum. The deletion contained 24 coding genes including STEAP3, GLI2, and RNU4ATAC and was inherited from the mild affected mother. A sibling developmental delay and similar dysmorphic facial features was found to have inherited the same deletion. CONCLUSION: This case emphasizes the variable expressivity of the 2q14 microdeletion and reinforces the hypothesis that agenesis of corpus callosum, microcephaly, developmental delay, and distinctive craniofacial features may be part of the phenotypic spectrum characterizing the affected patients. We suggest that GLI2 is a dosage-sensitive gene that may be responsible for the agenesis of corpus callosum observed in the proband. Birth Defects Research (Part A) 106:793-797, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Agenesia do Corpo Caloso/genética , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 2/genética , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , RNA Nuclear Pequeno/genética , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Proteína Gli2 com Dedos de Zinco
20.
J Hum Genet ; 61(8): 693-9, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27193221

RESUMO

Otopalatodigital spectrum disorders (OPDSD) constitute a group of dominant X-linked osteochondrodysplasias including four syndromes: otopalatodigital syndromes type 1 and type 2 (OPD1 and OPD2), frontometaphyseal dysplasia, and Melnick-Needles syndrome. These syndromes variably associate specific facial and extremities features, hearing loss, cleft palate, skeletal dysplasia and several malformations, and show important clinical overlap over the different entities. FLNA gain-of-function mutations were identified in these conditions. FLNA encodes filamin A, a scaffolding actin-binding protein. Here, we report phenotypic descriptions and molecular results of FLNA analysis in a large series of 27 probands hypothesized to be affected by OPDSD. We identified 11 different missense mutations in 15 unrelated probands (n=15/27, 56%), of which seven were novel, including one of unknown significance. Segregation analyses within families made possible investigating 20 additional relatives carrying a mutation. This series allows refining the phenotypic and mutational spectrum of FLNA mutations causing OPDSD, and providing suggestions to avoid the overdiagnosis of OPD1.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Craniofaciais/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Deformidades Congênitas da Mão/diagnóstico , Deformidades Congênitas da Mão/genética , Mutação , Osteocondrodisplasias/diagnóstico , Osteocondrodisplasias/genética , Fenótipo , Alelos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Éxons , Facies , Feminino , Filaminas/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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