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2.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 114(1): 123-133, 2017 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27641110

RESUMO

The Abrolhos Bank is an area of high ecological, socio-economic importance and harbour the richest and most-extensive coral reefs in the South Atlantic. Here we report the discovery of shallow (12-25m depth) reef complex with ten large biogenic structures, intermediate between the typical mushroom-shaped pinnacles of the northern Abrolhos Bank (17°-18° S) and the small patch reefs found on the central/southern coast of the Espírito Santo State (19°-20° S). The newly discovered reefs harbour a relatively rich and abundant reef community, with 73 fish and 14 benthic cnidarian species, including endangered and commercially important ones. We discuss on urgent needs of properly mapping and understanding the ecological functioning of this reef system. Information provided here is a baseline for future impact evaluations, particularly considering the recent worst environmental disaster of Brazil from a dam collapse in Doce river that affected the region.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Recifes de Corais , Animais , Antozoários/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Brasil , Ecologia , Meio Ambiente , Peixes , Poluição da Água/prevenção & controle , Poluição da Água/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
J Fish Biol ; 89(1): 990-1001, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27094882

RESUMO

Fishes inhabiting rhodolith beds and reefs at mesophotic depths on the Abrolhos Shelf, which encompasses the largest and richest coral reef formation in the South Atlantic Ocean, were assessed through technical diving and remotely operated vehicles (ROVs). A total of 74 fish species were recorded, including at least one new species, one new record for the south-western Atlantic and six new records for the Abrolhos region. Overfishing, mining and port activities are already threatening many endangered and commercially important species recorded on the mesophotic reefs of Abrolhos Shelf, and the establishment of marine protected areas and off-reserve fisheries regulations are urgently needed.


Assuntos
Recifes de Corais , Ecossistema , Peixes/fisiologia , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Oceano Atlântico , Biodiversidade , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Dinâmica Populacional
4.
J Appl Microbiol ; 106(4): 1378-87, 2009 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19187136

RESUMO

AIMS: We performed the first characterization of the microbiota associated with the reef coral Mussismilia braziliensis by means of a culture-independent approach. METHODS AND RESULTS: The main groups were Proteobacteria, Cyanobacteria and unclassified bacteria according to the 16S rDNA libraries. Most of the sequences of the mucus of healthy and diseased M. braziliensis did not find close matches in GenBank (i.e. >97% 16S rDNA similarity). Most of the sequences of seawater and mucus of healthy coral fell into tight clusters (17 and 15 clusters respectively). In contrast, most of the sequences of mucus of diseased coral did not form clusters. The rarefaction curves indicate saturation in the recovery of higher taxa (approximately 40 phyla). However, the number of species in the coral mucus (n = 130-170) and seawater (n = 170) did not reach a plateau. CONCLUSIONS: The coral microbiota encompasses several potentially novel species and higher taxa. The microbiota of M. braziliensis appears to be species-specific. Diseased coral may have provided a suitable place for colonization by opportunistic bacteria, resulting in a greater bacterial diversity. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The first study on the diversity of the microbiota of the endemic and endangered of extinction coral M. braziliensis.


Assuntos
Antozoários/microbiologia , Bactérias/classificação , Ecossistema , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Animais , Oceano Atlântico , Bactérias/genética , Biodiversidade , Brasil , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Biblioteca Gênica , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Proteobactérias/classificação , Proteobactérias/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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