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1.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2181, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31572389

RESUMO

Brucella abortus, the causative agent of brucellosis, displays many resources to evade T cell responses conducive to persist inside the host. Our laboratory has previously showed that infection of human monocytes with B. abortus down-modulates the IFN-γ-induced MHC-II expression. Brucella outer membrane lipoproteins are structural components involved in this phenomenon. Moreover, IL-6 is the soluble factor that mediated MHC-II down-regulation. Yet, the MHC-II down-regulation exerted by lipoproteins was less marked than the one observed as consequence of infection. This led us to postulate that there should be other components associated with viable bacteria that may act together with lipoproteins in order to diminish MHC-II. Our group has recently demonstrated that B. abortus RNA (PAMP related to pathogens' viability or vita-PAMP) is involved in MHC-I down-regulation. Therefore, in this study we investigated if B. abortus RNA could be contributing to the down-regulation of MHC-II. This PAMP significantly down-modulated the IFN-γ-induced MHC-II surface expression on THP-1 cells as well as in primary human monocytes and murine bone marrow macrophages. The expression of other molecules up-regulated by IFN-γ (such as co-stimulatory molecules) was stimulated on monocytes treated with B. abortus RNA. This result shows that this PAMP does not alter all IFN-γ-induced molecules globally. We also showed that other bacterial and parasitic RNAs caused MHC-II surface expression down-modulation indicating that this phenomenon is not restricted to B. abortus. Moreover, completely degraded RNA was also able to reproduce the phenomenon. MHC-II down-regulation on monocytes treated with RNA and L-Omp19 (a prototypical lipoprotein of B. abortus) was more pronounced than in monocytes stimulated with both components separately. We also demonstrated that B. abortus RNA along with its lipoproteins decrease MHC-II surface expression predominantly by a mechanism of inhibition of MHC-II expression. Regarding the signaling pathway, we demonstrated that IL-6 is a soluble factor implicated in B. abortus RNA and lipoproteins-triggered MHC-II surface down-regulation. Finally, CD4+ T cells functionality was affected as macrophages treated with these components showed lower antigen presentation capacity. Therefore, B. abortus RNA and lipoproteins are two PAMPs that contribute to MHC-II down-regulation on monocytes/macrophages diminishing CD4+ T cell responses.

2.
Blood ; 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501153

RESUMO

Dysregulated immune responses are essential underlying causes of a plethora of pathologies including cancer, autoimmunity and immunodeficiency. We here investigated four patients from unrelated families presenting with immunodeficiency, autoimmunity, and malignancy. We identified four distinct homozygous mutations in TNFRSF9 encoding the Tumor Necrosis Factor superfamily member CD137/4-1BB, leading to reduced or loss of protein expression. Lymphocytic responses crucial for immune surveillance, including activation, proliferation, and differentiation, were impaired. Genetic reconstitution of CD137 reversed these defects. CD137 deficiency is a novel inborn error of human immunity characterized by lymphocytic defects with early-onset Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoma. Our findings elucidate a functional role and relevance of CD137 in human immune homeostasis and antitumor responses.

3.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 187, 2019 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655556

RESUMO

CD8+T cells contribute to tuberculosis (TB) infection control by inducing death of infected macrophages. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection is associated with increased PD-1/PD-L1 expression and alternative activation of macrophages. We aimed to study the role of PD-1 pathway and macrophage polarization on Mtb-specific CD8+T cell-induced macrophage death. We observed that both PD-L1 on CD14+ cells and PD-1 on CD8+T cells were highly expressed at the site of infection in pleurisy TB patients' effusion samples (PEMC). Moreover, a significant increase in CD8+T cells' Mtb-specific degranulation from TB-PEMC vs. TB-PBMC was observed, which correlated with PD-1 and PDL-1 expression. In an in vitro model, M1 macrophages were more susceptible to Mtb-specific CD8+T cells' cytotoxicity compared to M2a macrophages and involved the transfer of cytolytic effector molecules from CD8+T lymphocytes to target cells. Additionally, PD-L1 blocking significantly increased the in vitro Ag-specific CD8+T cell cytotoxicity against IFN-γ-activated macrophages but had no effect over cytotoxicity on IL-4 or IL-10-activated macrophages. Interestingly, PD-L1 blocking enhanced Mtb-specific CD8+ T cell killing of CD14+ cells from human tuberculous pleural effusion samples. Our data indicate that PD-1/PD-L1 pathway modulates antigen-specific cytotoxicity against M1 targets in-vitro and encourage the exploration of checkpoint blockade as new adjuvant for TB therapies.

4.
J Chem Inf Model ; 2018 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30508485

RESUMO

NuBBEDB is the first library of natural products of Brazilian biodiversity. It includes a large variety of classes of compounds and structural types of secondary metabolites of plants, fungi, insects, marine organisms and bacteria. So far the chemical diversity and complexity of NuBBEDB has not been characterized in a systematic and detailed manner. Herein, we report a comprehensive chemoinformatic analysis of the most current version of NuBBEDB. As part of the characterization, NuBBEDB was compared with several databases of natural products in terms of structural diversity and complexity. Results of the analysis showed that NuBBEDB is diverse in terms of structural fingerprints, distribution of chemical scaffolds and molecular properties. In addition, the results of the visualization of chemical space supports quantitatively that NUBBEDB is a promising source of molecules for drug discovery and medicinal chemistry..

5.
Blood ; 132(22): 2362-2374, 2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30254128

RESUMO

ARPC1B is a key factor for the assembly and maintenance of the ARP2/3 complex that is involved in actin branching from an existing filament. Germline biallelic mutations in ARPC1B have been recently described in 6 patients with clinical features of combined immunodeficiency (CID), whose neutrophils and platelets but not T lymphocytes were studied. We hypothesized that ARPC1B deficiency may also lead to cytoskeleton and functional defects in T cells. We have identified biallelic mutations in ARPC1B in 6 unrelated patients with early onset disease characterized by severe infections, autoimmune manifestations, and thrombocytopenia. Immunological features included T-cell lymphopenia, low numbers of naïve T cells, and hyper-immunoglobulin E. Alteration in ARPC1B protein structure led to absent/low expression by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. This molecular defect was associated with the inability of patient-derived T cells to extend an actin-rich lamellipodia upon T-cell receptor (TCR) stimulation and to assemble an immunological synapse. ARPC1B-deficient T cells additionally displayed impaired TCR-mediated proliferation and SDF1-α-directed migration. Gene transfer of ARPC1B in patients' T cells using a lentiviral vector restored both ARPC1B expression and T-cell proliferation in vitro. In 2 of the patients, in vivo somatic reversion restored ARPC1B expression in a fraction of lymphocytes and was associated with a skewed TCR repertoire. In 1 revertant patient, memory CD8+ T cells expressing normal levels of ARPC1B displayed improved T-cell migration. Inherited ARPC1B deficiency therefore alters T-cell cytoskeletal dynamics and functions, contributing to the clinical features of CID.

6.
J Clin Immunol ; 38(7): 794-803, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30264381

RESUMO

PURPOSE: CARD9 deficiency is an inborn error of immunity that predisposes otherwise healthy humans to mucocutaneous and invasive fungal infections, mostly caused by Candida, but also by dermatophytes, Aspergillus, and other fungi. Phaeohyphomycosis are an emerging group of fungal infections caused by dematiaceous fungi (phaeohyphomycetes) and are being increasingly identified in patients with CARD9 deficiency. The Corynespora genus belongs to phaeohyphomycetes and only one adult patient with CARD9 deficiency has been reported to suffer from invasive disease caused by C. cassiicola. We identified a Colombian child with an early-onset, deep, and destructive mucocutaneous infection due to C. cassiicola and we searched for mutations in CARD9. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records and immunological findings in the patient. Microbiologic tests and biopsies were performed. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was made and Sanger sequencing was used to confirm the CARD9 mutations in the patient and her family. Finally, CARD9 protein expression was evaluated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) by western blotting. RESULTS: The patient was affected by a large, indurated, foul-smelling, and verrucous ulcerated lesion on the left side of the face with extensive necrosis and crusting, due to a C. cassiicola infectious disease. WES led to the identification of compound heterozygous mutations in the patient consisting of the previously reported p.Q289* nonsense (c.865C > T, exon 6) mutation, and a novel deletion (c.23_29del; p.Asp8Alafs10*) leading to a frameshift and a premature stop codon in exon 2. CARD9 protein expression was absent in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from the patient. CONCLUSION: We describe here compound heterozygous loss-of-expression mutations in CARD9 leading to severe deep and destructive mucocutaneous phaeohyphomycosis due to C. cassiicola in a Colombian child.

7.
J Exp Med ; 215(9): 2289-2310, 2018 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30068544

RESUMO

Patients with epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) and biallelic null mutations of TMC6 (encoding EVER1) or TMC8 (EVER2) are selectively prone to disseminated skin lesions due to keratinocyte-tropic human ß-papillomaviruses (ß-HPVs), which lack E5 and E8. We describe EV patients homozygous for null mutations of the CIB1 gene encoding calcium- and integrin-binding protein-1 (CIB1). CIB1 is strongly expressed in the skin and cultured keratinocytes of controls but not in those of patients. CIB1 forms a complex with EVER1 and EVER2, and CIB1 proteins are not expressed in EVER1- or EVER2-deficient cells. The known functions of EVER1 and EVER2 in human keratinocytes are not dependent on CIB1, and CIB1 deficiency does not impair keratinocyte adhesion or migration. In keratinocytes, the CIB1 protein interacts with the HPV E5 and E8 proteins encoded by α-HPV16 and γ-HPV4, respectively, suggesting that this protein acts as a restriction factor against HPVs. Collectively, these findings suggest that the disruption of CIB1-EVER1-EVER2-dependent keratinocyte-intrinsic immunity underlies the selective susceptibility to ß-HPVs of EV patients.

8.
J Clin Invest ; 128(9): 3957-3975, 2018 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29969437

RESUMO

Biallelic loss-of-function (LOF) mutations of the NCF4 gene, encoding the p40phox subunit of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase, have been described in only 1 patient. We report on 24 p40phox-deficient patients from 12 additional families in 8 countries. These patients display 8 different in-frame or out-of-frame mutations of NCF4 that are homozygous in 11 of the families and compound heterozygous in another. When overexpressed in NB4 neutrophil-like cells and EBV-transformed B cells in vitro, the mutant alleles were found to be LOF, with the exception of the p.R58C and c.120_134del alleles, which were hypomorphic. Particle-induced NADPH oxidase activity was severely impaired in the patients' neutrophils, whereas PMA-induced dihydrorhodamine-1,2,3 (DHR) oxidation, which is widely used as a diagnostic test for chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), was normal or mildly impaired in the patients. Moreover, the NADPH oxidase activity of EBV-transformed B cells was also severely impaired, whereas that of mononuclear phagocytes was normal. Finally, the killing of Candida albicans and Aspergillus fumigatus hyphae by neutrophils was conserved in these patients, unlike in patients with CGD. The patients suffer from hyperinflammation and peripheral infections, but they do not have any of the invasive bacterial or fungal infections seen in CGD. Inherited p40phox deficiency underlies a distinctive condition, resembling a mild, atypical form of CGD.

9.
Dent Mater J ; 37(3): 465-473, 2018 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29553121

RESUMO

This study evaluated the influence in the biocompatibility of human periodontal ligament (hPDL) mesenchymal stromal cell onto poly lactic-acid (PLA) films and PLA fiber membrane. Fiber scaffold was prepared via air jet spinning (AJS) from PLA solutions (6, 7, and 10%) and analyzed using SEM, AFM and FTIR. Biocompatibility was evaluated by adhesion, proliferation and cell-material interaction. PLA film exhibited a smooth and homogenously surface topography in comparison with random orientation of PLA fiber with roughness structure where diameter size depends on PLA solution. Moreover, cell adhesion; proliferation and cell-material interaction has the best respond on random orientation nanofiber of 10, followed by 7, and 6% of PLA in comparison with PLA films. It could be concluded that AJS is an attractive alternative technique for manufacture fiber scaffolds with a tunable random orientation geometry of fibers that allow to produce interconnected porous formed by nanometric fiber diameter structures that could be a potential scaffold for periodontal tissue engineering applications.

10.
Front Immunol ; 9: 459, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29593722

RESUMO

The ability of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) to persist in its human host relies on numerous immune evasion strategies, such as the deregulation of the lipid metabolism leading to the formation of foamy macrophages (FM). Yet, the specific host factors leading to the foamy phenotype of Mtb-infected macrophages remain unknown. Herein, we aimed to address whether host cytokines contribute to FM formation in the context of Mtb infection. Our approach is based on the use of an acellular fraction of tuberculous pleural effusions (TB-PE) as a physiological source of local factors released during Mtb infection. We found that TB-PE induced FM differentiation as observed by the increase in lipid bodies, intracellular cholesterol, and expression of the scavenger receptor CD36, as well as the enzyme acyl CoA:cholesterol acyl transferase (ACAT). Importantly, interleukin-10 (IL-10) depletion from TB-PE prevented the augmentation of all these parameters. Moreover, we observed a positive correlation between the levels of IL-10 and the number of lipid-laden CD14+ cells among the pleural cells in TB patients, demonstrating that FM differentiation occurs within the pleural environment. Downstream of IL-10 signaling, we noticed that the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 was activated by TB-PE, and its chemical inhibition prevented the accumulation of lipid bodies and ACAT expression in macrophages. In terms of the host immune response, TB-PE-treated macrophages displayed immunosuppressive properties and bore higher bacillary loads. Finally, we confirmed our results using bone marrow-derived macrophage from IL-10-/- mice demonstrating that IL-10 deficiency partially prevented foamy phenotype induction after Mtb lipids exposure. In conclusion, our results evidence a role of IL-10 in promoting the differentiation of FM in the context of Mtb infection, contributing to our understanding of how alterations of the host metabolic factors may favor pathogen persistence.

11.
J Clin Immunol ; 38(1): 129-143, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29226301

RESUMO

Since the 1990s, the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) PID expert committee (EC), now called Inborn Errors of Immunity Committee, has published every other year a classification of the inborn errors of immunity. This complete catalog serves as a reference for immunologists and researchers worldwide. However, it was unadapted for clinicians at the bedside. For those, the IUIS PID EC is now publishing a phenotypical classification since 2013, which proved to be more user-friendly. There are now 320 single-gene inborn errors of immunity underlying phenotypes as diverse as infection, malignancy, allergy, auto-immunity, and auto-inflammation. We herein propose the revised 2017 phenotypic classification, based on the accompanying 2017 IUIS Inborn Errors of Immunity Committee classification.

12.
J Clin Immunol ; 38(1): 96-128, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29226302

RESUMO

Beginning in 1970, a committee was constituted under the auspices of the World Health Organization (WHO) to catalog primary immunodeficiencies. Twenty years later, the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) took the remit of this committee. The current report details the categorization and listing of 354 (as of February 2017) inborn errors of immunity. The growth and increasing complexity of the field have been impressive, encompassing an increasing variety of conditions, and the classification described here will serve as a critical reference for immunologists and researchers worldwide.

13.
Mol Med Rep ; 17(2): 3397-3403, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29257278

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to demonstrate that ivermectin preferentially inhibited cancer stem­like cells (CSC) in breast cancer cells and downregulated the expression of 'stemness' genes. Computational searching of DrugBank, a database of approved drugs, was performed using the principles of two­dimensional similarity searching; the chemical structure of salinomycin was used as a query. Growth inhibition of the breast cancer cell lin e MDA­MB­231 by ivermectin was investigated in the total cell population, in cell spheroids and in sorted cells that expressed cluster of differentiation (CD)44+/CD24­. The effects of ivermectin treatment on the expression of pluripotency and self­renewal transcription factors, such as homeobox protein nanog (nanog), octamer­binding protein 4 (oct­4) and SRY­box 2 (sox­2), were evaluated by reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Ivermectin exhibited a similarity value of 0.78 in reference to salinomycin. Ivermectin demonstrated an inhibitory effect upon the growth of MDA­MB­231 cells in the range of 0.2­8 µM. Ivermectin preferentially inhibits the viability of CSC­enriched populations (CD44+/CD24­ and cells growing in spheroids) compared with the total cell population. The opposite pattern was observed with paclitaxel treatment. Ivermectin exposure reduced the expression of nanog, oct­4 and sox­2 at the mRNA and protein levels. Ivermectin preferentially inhibited the CSC subpopulation in the MDA­MB­231 cells and downregulated the expression of genes involved in the maintenance of pluripotency and self­renewal.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ivermectina/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Praguicidas/farmacologia , Antiparasitários/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Autorrenovação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/citologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia
14.
Rev. odontol. mex ; 21(4): 267-272, oct.-dic. 2017. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-902748

RESUMO

Resumen La osteonecrosis en los maxilares asociada al uso de los bisfosfonatos es una entidad escrita en el 78% de los casos en la mandíbula aquí presentamos el caso de una paciente con cáncer de mama metastásico a hueso que cursó con osteonecrosis maxilar que invadía a seno. A la solicitud de estudios de imagen rutinarios se identificó lesión en seno maxilar derecho que confirmaba la sospecha clínica. La lesión fue abordada y extirpada quirúrgicamente con hemimaxilectomía de infraestructura, la persistencia de comunicación oroantral fue rehabilitada con un obturador maxilar, lo que permitió buen control de la lesión, evitando la progresión de la misma.


Abstract Maxillary osteonecrosis associated to biphosphonate use is an entity found in the mandible in 78% of all described cases. The present article presents the case of a female patient with breast cancer with bone metastasis, afflicted with maxillary osteonecrosis with sinus invasion. Routine imaging studies revealed a lesion in the right maxillary sinus which confirmed clinical suspicion. Lesion was surgically approached and removed with infrastructure hemimaxilectomy; oral-antral communication persistence was rehabilitated with a maxillary shutter. This allowed suitable control of the lesion and avoided its progression.

15.
Rev Alerg Mex ; 64 Suppl 2: s5-s65, 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28863425

RESUMO

Immunoglobulins are heterodimeric proteins composed of 2 heavy chains and 2 light chains. Human immunoglobulin G (IgG) is a plasma derivative and contains more than 95% of IgG. The composition of IgG subclasses is similar to that of normal human plasma. Immunoglobulin therapy was first introduced more than 50 years ago, and its use has been described in numerous diseases. In Colombia, the importance of this immunomodulatory resource prompted the need for clinical practice guidelines to be available for its use. For this reason, a multidisciplinary group of experts was brought together and distributed in working groups, by specialties, in order to develop an initial manuscript. Systematic literature searches were undertaken; identified evidences were evaluated and classified to support a preliminary draft that was discussed, analyzed and amended. Recommendations were issued on the use of intravenous immunoglobulin in pathologies that include primary and secondary immunodeficiencies, autoimmune diseas es, neurological disorders, infections, transplants and miscellaneous conditions; grades were assigned to each one of them according to the GRADE system. The final result translated into recommendations that are put forth with the purpose to inform, guide and support on optimal use of this immunomodulatory resource.

16.
J Clin Immunol ; 37(7): 732-738, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28865061

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease is a rare clinical condition characterized by a predisposition to infectious diseases caused by poorly virulent mycobacteria. Other infections such as salmonellosis and candidiasis are also reported. The purpose of this article is to describe a young boy affected with various infectious diseases caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, Salmonella sp, Klebsiella pneumonie, Citrobacter sp., and Candida sp, complicated with severe enteropathy and transient hypogammaglobulinemia. METHODS: We reviewed medical records and performed flow cytometry staining for lymphocyte populations, lymphocyte proliferation in response to PHA, and intracellular IFN-γ production in T cell PHA blasts in the patient and a healthy control. Sanger sequencing was used to confirm the genetic variants in the patient and relatives. RESULTS: Genetic analysis revealed a bi-allelic mutation in IL12RB1 (C291Y) resulting in complete IL-12Rß1 deficiency. Functional analysis demonstrated the lack of intracellular production of IFN-γ in CD3+ T lymphocytes from the patient in response to rhIL-12p70. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the third patient with MSMD due to IL-12Rß1 deficiency complicated with enteropathy and hypogammaglobulinemia and the first case of this disease to be described in Colombia.


Assuntos
Agamaglobulinemia/genética , Candidíase/genética , Enterite/genética , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/genética , Receptores de Interleucina-12/deficiência , Receptores de Interleucina-12/genética , Agamaglobulinemia/tratamento farmacológico , Vacina BCG , Candidíase/tratamento farmacológico , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Enterite/tratamento farmacológico , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Lactente , Mutação , Mycobacterium tuberculosis
17.
Front Immunol ; 8: 685, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28952612

RESUMO

Immunodeficiency-associated vaccine-derived polioviruses (iVDPVs) have been isolated from primary immunodeficiency (PID) patients exposed to oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV). Patients may excrete poliovirus strains for months or years; the excreted viruses are frequently highly divergent from the parental OPV and have been shown to be as neurovirulent as wild virus. Thus, these patients represent a potential reservoir for transmission of neurovirulent polioviruses in the post-eradication era. In support of WHO recommendations to better estimate the prevalence of poliovirus excreters among PIDs and characterize genetic evolution of these strains, 635 patients including 570 with primary antibody deficiencies and 65 combined immunodeficiencies were studied from 13 OPV-using countries. Two stool samples were collected over 4 days, tested for enterovirus, and the poliovirus positive samples were sequenced. Thirteen patients (2%) excreted polioviruses, most for less than 2 months following identification of infection. Five (0.8%) were classified as iVDPVs (only in combined immunodeficiencies and mostly poliovirus serotype 2). Non-polio enteroviruses were detected in 30 patients (4.7%). Patients with combined immunodeficiencies had increased risk of delayed poliovirus clearance compared to primary antibody deficiencies. Usually, iVDPV was detected in subjects with combined immunodeficiencies in a short period of time after OPV exposure, most for less than 6 months. Surveillance for poliovirus excretion among PID patients should be reinforced until polio eradication is certified and the use of OPV is stopped. Survival rates among PID patients are improving in lower and middle income countries, and iVDPV excreters are identified more frequently. Antivirals or enhanced immunotherapies presently in development represent the only potential means to manage the treatment of prolonged excreters and the risk they present to the polio endgame.

18.
PLoS One ; 12(3): e0173875, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28328995

RESUMO

Recently, new strategies for treating class III malocclusions have appeared. Skeletal anchorage appears to reduce the dentoalveolar effects while maximising the orthopaedic effect in growing patients. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to examine the effectiveness of bone anchorage devices for interceptive treatment of skeletal class III malocclusions. Searches were made in the Pubmed, Embase, Scopus and Cochrane databases, as well as in a grey literature database, and were complemented by hand-searching. The criteria for eligibility were: patients who had undergone orthodontic treatment with skeletal anchorage (miniplates and miniscrews). Patients with syndromes or craniofacial deformities or who had undergone maxillofacial surgery were excluded. The following variables were recorded for each article: author, year of publication, type of study, sample size, dropouts, demographic variables, treatment carried out, radiographic study (2D or 3D), follow-up time, and quality of the articles on the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The means and confidence intervals of the following variables were employed: Wits, overjet, ANB, SNA and SNB. Initially, 239 articles were identified. After removing the duplicates and applying the selection criteria, 9 were included in the qualitative synthesis and 7 in the quantitative synthesis (meta-analysis). It may be concluded that skeletal anchorage is an effective treatment for improving skeletal Class III malocclusion, but when compared with other traditional treatments such as disjunction and face mask, there is no clear evidence that skeletal anchorage improves the results.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/terapia , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica/métodos , Ortodontia Interceptora/métodos , Placas Ósseas , Parafusos Ósseos , Aparelhos de Tração Extrabucal , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Angle Orthod ; 87(2): 223-229, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27598905

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine medium- to long-term orthodontic treatment stability and its possible association with certain variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective longitudinal study of 70 postretention patients, the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) index was measured at the start (T1) and end (T2) of treatment and between 4 and 10 years afterwards (T3). The stability was considered absolute when the T2 and T3 values were identical and relative when the difference was within the ±5 range. RESULTS: Among the 70 patients, 65.8% were female and 34.2% were male. Their mean age was 14.5 years. The mean treatment length was 2.4 years. The mean retention phase was 3.3 years. The mean pre- and posttreatment PAR scores were 29.8 (T1) and 6.3 (T2). The mean T1-T2 difference was 23.6. The mean T2-T3 difference was -0.39. CONCLUSIONS: Within the study, 7.1% presented absolute stability and 68.6% presented relative stability. Lower anterior segment alignment and overbite were the most unstable occlusal features and tended to worsen. Fixed retainer (odds ratio [OR] 0.31; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.10-0.98) as a protective factor and years without retention (OR 1.32; 95% CI 1.03-1.68) as a risk factor are predictor variables of instability in the case of lower anterior segment alignment. The PAR value at the end of treatment (OR 1.29; 95% CI 1.08-1.54) and extractions (OR 4.76; 95% CI 1.05-21.6) before treatment are predictors for midline instability.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão/terapia , Ortodontia Corretiva/métodos , Adolescente , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Contenções Ortodônticas , Ortodontia Corretiva/instrumentação , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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