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2.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(15): e010881, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311438

RESUMO

Background Clinical characteristics and outcomes of takotsubo syndrome (TTS) patients with malignancy have not been fully elucidated. This study sought to explore differences in clinical characteristics and to investigate short- and long-term outcomes in TTS patients with or without malignancy. Methods and Results TTS patients were enrolled from the International Takotsubo Registry. The TTS cohort was divided into patients with and without malignancy to investigate differences in clinical characteristics and to assess short- and long-term mortality. A subanalysis was performed comparing long-term mortality between a subset of TTS patients with or without malignancy and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with or without malignancy. Malignancy was observed in 16.6% of 1604 TTS patients. Patients with malignancy were older and more likely to have physical triggers, but less likely to have emotional triggers compared with those without malignancy. Long-term mortality was higher in patients with malignancy (P<0.001), while short-term outcome was comparable (P=0.17). In a subanalysis, long-term mortality was comparable between TTS patients with malignancies and ACS patients with malignancies (P=0.13). Malignancy emerged as an independent predictor of long-term mortality. Conclusions A substantial number of TTS patients show an association with malignancy. History of malignancy might increase the risk for TTS, and therefore, appropriate screening for malignancy should be considered in these patients. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrial.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01947621.

3.
Eur Heart J ; 40(19): 1490-1491, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087052
4.
Eur Heart J ; 40(6): 505-506, 2019 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30753630
5.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(2): 182-193, 2019 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30678797

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictors of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction after transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR). BACKGROUND: LVOT obstruction is a major concern with TMVR, but limited data exist regarding its predictors and impact on outcomes. METHODS: Patients with pre-procedural multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) undergoing TMVR for failed mitral bioprosthetic valves (valve-in-valve), annuloplasty rings (valve-in-ring), and mitral annular calcification (valve-in-MAC) were included in this study. Echocardiographic and procedural characteristics were recorded, and comprehensive assessment with MDCT was performed to identify the predictors of LVOT obstruction (defined as an increment of mean LVOT gradient ≥10 mm Hg from baseline). The new LVOT (neo-LVOT) area left after TMVR was estimated by embedding a virtual valve into the mitral annulus on MDCT, simulating the procedure. RESULTS: Among 194 patients with pre-procedural MDCT undergoing TMVR (valve-in-valve, 107 patients; valve-in-ring, 50 patients; valve-in-MAC, 37 patients), LVOT obstruction was observed in 26 patients (13.4%), with a higher rate after valve-in-MAC than valve-in-ring and valve-in-valve (54.1% vs. 8.0% vs. 1.9%; p < 0.001). Patients with LVOT obstruction had significantly higher procedural mortality compared with those without LVOT obstruction (34.6% vs. 2.4%; p < 0.001). Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis showed that an estimated neo-LVOT area ≤1.7 cm2 predicted LVOT obstruction with sensitivity of 96.2% and specificity of 92.3%. CONCLUSIONS: LVOT obstruction after TMVR was associated with higher procedural mortality. A small estimated neo-LVOT area was significantly associated with LVOT obstruction after TMVR and may help identify patients at high risk for LVOT obstruction.

6.
Cardiol Res Pract ; 2018: 9762176, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30356345

RESUMO

Aims: To assess the incremental prognostic value of SYNTAX score II (SxSII) as compared to anatomical SYNTAX Score (SxS) and GRACE risk score in patients with acute coronary syndromes who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods and results: SxSII and SxS were determined in 734 ACS patients. Patients were enrolled in the prospective Special Program University Medicine ACS and the COMFORTABLE AMI cohorts and later on stratified according to tertiles of SxSII (SxSIILow ≤21.5 (n=245), SxSIIMid 21.5-30.6 (n=245), and SxSIIHigh ≥30.6 (n=244). The primary endpoint of adjudicated all-cause mortality and secondary endpoints of MACE (cardiac death, repeat revascularization, and myocardial infarction) and MACCE (all-cause mortality, cerebrovascular events, MI, and repeat revascularization) were determined at 1-year follow-up. SxSII provided incremental predictive information for risk stratification when compared to SxS and GRACE risk score (AUC 0.804, 95% CI 0.77-0.84, p < 0.001 versus 0.67, 95% CI 0.63-0.72, p=0.007 versus 0.69, 95% CI 0.6-0.8, p=0.002), respectively. In a multivariable Cox regression analysis, we found that unlike SxS (adjusted HR 1.013, 95% CI (0.96-1.07), p=0.654), SxSII was significantly associated with all-cause mortality (HR = 1.095, 95% CI (1.06-1.11), p < 0.001). This was also true for the prediction of both secondary outcomes MACE (n=60) and MACCE (n=70) with an adjusted HR = 1.055, 95% CI (1.03-1.08), p < 0.001, and HR = 1.065, 95% CI (1.04-1.09), p < 0.001. Conclusion: In patients with ACS who underwent PCI, SxSII is an independent predictor of mortality during 1-year follow-up. SxSII shows superiority in discriminating risk compared to conventional SxS and GRACE for all-cause mortality.

7.
Eur Heart J ; 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30357365

RESUMO

Aims: We sought to evaluate the outcomes of transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) for patients with degenerated bioprostheses [valve-in-valve (ViV)], failed annuloplasty rings [valve-in-ring (ViR)], and severe mitral annular calcification [valve-in-mitral annular calcification (ViMAC)]. Methods and results: From the TMVR multicentre registry, procedural and clinical outcomes of ViV, ViR, and ViMAC were compared according to Mitral Valve Academic Research Consortium (MVARC) criteria. A total of 521 patients with mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score of 9.0 ± 7.0% underwent TMVR (322 patients with ViV, 141 with ViR, and 58 with ViMAC). Trans-septal access and the Sapien valves were used in 39.5% and 90.0%, respectively. Overall technical success was excellent at 87.1%. However, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction occurred more frequently after ViMAC compared with ViR and ViV (39.7% vs. 5.0% vs. 2.2%; P < 0.001), whereas second valve implantation was more frequent in ViR compared with ViMAC and ViV (12.1% vs. 5.2% vs. 2.5%; P < 0.001). Accordingly, technical success rate was higher after ViV compared with ViR and ViMAC (94.4% vs. 80.9% vs. 62.1%; P < 0.001). Compared with ViMAC and ViV groups, ViR group had more frequent post-procedural mitral regurgitation ≥moderate (18.4% vs. 13.8% vs. 5.6%; P < 0.001) and subsequent paravalvular leak closure (7.8% vs. 0.0% vs. 2.2%; P = 0.006). All-cause mortality was higher after ViMAC compared with ViR and ViV at 30 days (34.5% vs. 9.9% vs. 6.2%; log-rank P < 0.001) and 1 year (62.8% vs. 30.6% vs. 14.0%; log-rank P < 0.001). On multivariable analysis, patients with failed annuloplasty rings and severe MAC were at increased risk of mortality after TMVR [ViR vs. ViV, hazard ratio (HR) 1.99, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.27-3.12; P = 0.003; ViMAC vs. ViV, HR 5.29, 95% CI 3.29-8.51; P < 0.001]. Conclusion: The TMVR provided excellent outcomes for patients with degenerated bioprostheses despite high surgical risk. However, ViR and ViMAC were associated with higher rates of adverse events and mid-term mortality compared with ViV.

10.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2018 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29948292

RESUMO

Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) anatomy is becoming an increasingly frequently encountered challenge in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Bicommissural non-raphe-type BAV (Sievers and Schmidtke Type 0) is composed morphologically of two aortic cusps with no raphe and is less common than the tricommissural or bicommissural raphe-type configurations. Precise annular sizing is a key step for successful TAVI in BAV. The challenge in bicommissural non-raphe-type BAV is that a three-dimensional structure has to be reconstructed using only two anatomical hinge points. For this reason, available software are limited when it comes to bicommissural non-raphe-type BAV. We propose that manual assessment of the aortic root in bicommissural non-raphe-type BAV using multi-planar reconstruction (MPR) software can be performed successfully by aligning the two available hinge points and measuring the smallest identifiable annular dimensions in the transverse plane (Fig. 1). We identified 12 patients with bicommissural non-raphe-type BAV undergoing TAVI between January 2013 and December 2017 in our high-volume institution. Our novel sizing strategy was employed prospectively in three patients-with good clinical outcomes-and evaluated retrospectively in the remainder (Table 1). No patient suffered a central major vascular complication or required new permanent pacemaker implantation. Device success occurred in all patients except one (post-procedural echocardiographic transvalvular gradient of 23 mmHg). In the retrospectively assessed cases, the novel annulus measure was concordant with the implanted THV size in 7 out of 9 procedures and, importantly, did not overestimate the annulus dimensions in any case. Furthermore, in two balloon-expandable THV cases the new measure may, in retrospect, have prompted consideration of a smaller implant size. To be noted, balloon sizing of the aortic annulus has additional value when selecting the valve size in BAV anatomy. Further prospective validation of this novel MDCT sizing technique is required.

11.
EuroIntervention ; 14(8): 857-867, 2018 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29901447

RESUMO

AIMS: Although three recent trials have shown a significant stroke risk reduction after tPFOc, the individual statistical power is limited and the impact on pooled evidence needs to be explored. We aimed to pool data from available randomised clinical trials (RCT) to assess whether tPFOc is more effective and safe than antithrombotic therapy alone (ATA). METHODS AND RESULTS: Major electronic databases and tangential sources were searched. Six trials (3,560 patients) were identified. At a median follow-up of 3.6 (2.0-5.2) years (13,930 person-years), the risk of stroke was significantly lower after tPFOc compared with ATA (HR 0.28, 95% CI: 0.12-0.64, p=0.003). Significant heterogeneity was detected (I2=66.1%), although single trials did not significantly influence the results. Reconstructed time-to-event data revealed that tPFOc benefits accrue after approximately one year and persist over time without significant variations (96.4% versus 88.0%; HR 0.25, 95% CI: 0.09-0.66, p=0.005; NNT=11). Although results showed a greater benefit in patients <45 years old, male, and with substantial shunt, interaction between subgroups was not significant. Trial sequential analysis showed that accumulated evidence appeared to be sufficient. However, tPFOc did not confer protection against transient ischaemic attack (TIA; HR 0.69, 95% CI: 0.31-1.54, p=0.365) and a significant excess in the risk of atrial fibrillation was observed (OR 4.99, 95% CI: 1.99-10.10, p<0.001), though generally early and transient. Major bleeding and migraine were comparable between treatments. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with ATA, tPFOc significantly reduces the risk of stroke at long-term follow-up but no benefit is observed in terms of TIA. Atrial fibrillation is higher after tPFOc, though generally early and transient. The risks of major bleeding and migraine are comparable between the groups.

12.
Cardiol Res Pract ; 2018: 4615043, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29850227

RESUMO

Aim: Aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with prior cardiac surgery might be challenging. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) offers a promising alternative in such patients. We therefore aimed at comparing the outcomes of patients with aortic valve diseases undergoing TAVR versus those undergoing surgical AVR (SAVR) after previous cardiac surgery. Methods and Results: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register were searched. Seven relevant studies were identified, published between 01/2011 and 12/2015, enrolling a total of 1148 patients with prior cardiac surgery (97.6% prior CABG): 49.2% underwent TAVR, whereas 50.8% underwent SAVR. Incidence of stroke (3.8 versus 7.9%, p=0.04) and major bleeding (8.3 versus 15.3%, p=0.04) was significantly lower in the TAVR group. Incidence of mild/severe paravalvular leakage (14.4/10.9 versus 0%, p < 0.0001) and pacemaker implantation (11.3 versus 3.9%, p=0.01) was significantly higher in the TAVR group. There were no significant differences in the incidence of acute kidney injury (9.7 versus 8.7%, p=0.99), major adverse cardiovascular events (8.7 versus 12.3%, p=0.21), 30-day mortality (5.1 versus 5.5%, p=0.7), or 1-year mortality (11.6 versus 11.8%, p=0.97) between the TAVR and SAVR group. Conclusions: TAVR as a redo procedure offers a safe alternative for patients presenting with aortic valve diseases after previous cardiac surgery especially those with prior CABG.

13.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 20(6): 1021-1030, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29517122

RESUMO

AIMS: The present study aimed to determine the prognostic impact of resting heart rate (HR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) in takotsubo syndrome (TTS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients from the International Takotsubo Registry with complete data on HR and SBP were enrolled. We analysed all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in tertiles of HR (<77 b.p.m., 77-94 b.p.m., >94 b.p.m.) and SBP (<119 mmHg, 119-140 mmHg, >140 mmHg). In addition, linear splines with interactions between HR and SBP were analysed. The risk of all-cause mortality was higher in the second HR tertile (1.89, 1.15-3.10; P = 0.012) and the third HR tertile (3.01, 1.90-4.79; P < 0.001) than in the first tertile. Similar effects were observed for MACCE. Low SBP was related to an increased risk of all-cause mortality (P < 0.001) and MACCE (P = 0.002). In a multivariable analysis of all-cause mortality, at HR >70 b.p.m., every 1 b.p.m. increase in HR was associated with a 1.7% increase (P < 0.001), and every 1 mmHg increase in SBP up to 130 mmHg was associated with a 2% risk reduction (P < 0.001). The risk of all-cause mortality thus was particularly elevated when low SBP occurred together with high HR. CONCLUSIONS: High HR and low SBP are associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality in TTS. HR reduction might be worthy of being investigated as a therapeutic strategy for this condition and high HR and low SBP can be used to evaluate risk in this acute presentation of TTS. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01947621.

17.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2(10): 1079-1088, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28903139

RESUMO

Importance: In patients with left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been the standard therapy for several decades. However, some studies suggest that percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents may be an acceptable alternative. Objective: To compare the long-term safety of PCI with drug-eluting stent vs CABG in patients with LMCA stenosis. Data Sources: PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Web of Knowledge, and ScienceDirect databases were searched from December 18, 2001, to February 1, 2017. Inclusion criteria were randomized clinical trial, patients with LMCA stenosis, PCI vs CABG, exclusive use of drug-eluting stents, and clinical follow-up of 3 or more years. Data Extraction and Synthesis: Trial-level hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs were pooled by fixed-effect and random-effects models with inverse variance weighting. Time-to-event individual patient data for the primary end point were reconstructed. Sensitivity analyses according to drug-eluting stent generation and coronary artery disease complexity were performed. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke at long-term follow-up. Secondary end points included repeat revascularization and a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or repeat revascularization at long-term follow-up. Results: A total of 4 randomized clinical trials were pooled; 4394 patients were included in the analysis. Of these, 3371 (76.7%) were men; pooled mean age was 65.4 years. According to Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation, evidence quality with respect to the primary composite end point was high. Percutaneous coronary intervention and CABG were associated with a comparable risk of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke both by fixed-effect (HR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.90-1.24; P = .48) and random-effects (HR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.85-1.32; P = .60) analysis. Sensitivity analyses according to low to intermediate Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score (random-effects: HR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.74-1.41; P = .89) and drug-eluting stent generation (first generation: HR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.68-1.20; P = .49; second generation: HR, 1.19; 95% CI, 0.82-1.73; P = .36) were consistent. Kaplan-Meier curve reconstruction did not show significant variations over time between the techniques, with a 5-year incidence of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke of 18.3% (319 events) in patients treated with PCI and 16.9% (292 events) in patients treated with CABG. However, repeat revascularization after PCI was increased (HR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.42-2.05; P < .001). Other individual secondary end points did not differ significantly between groups. Finally, pooled estimates of trials with LMCA stenosis tended overall to differ significantly from those of trials with multivessel coronary artery disease without left main LMCA stenosis. Conclusions and Relevance: Percutaneous coronary intervention and CABG show comparable safety in patients with LMCA stenosis and low to intermediate-complexity coronary artery disease. However, repeat revascularization is more common after PCI.

18.
Eur Heart J ; 38(16): 1177-1181, 2017 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28934845
19.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 70(9): 1121-1131, 2017 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28838360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) for patients with failed mitral valve replacement and repair. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the outcomes of TMVR in patients with failed mitral bioprosthetic valves (valve-in-valve [ViV]) and annuloplasty rings (valve-in-ring [ViR]). METHODS: From the TMVR multicenter registry, procedural and clinical outcomes of mitral ViV and ViR were compared according to Mitral Valve Academic Research Consortium criteria. RESULTS: A total of 248 patients with mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score of 8.9 ± 6.8% underwent TMVR. Transseptal access and the balloon-expandable valve were used in 33.1% and 89.9%, respectively. Compared with 176 patients undergoing ViV, 72 patients undergoing ViR had lower left ventricular ejection fraction (45.6 ± 17.4% vs. 55.3 ± 11.1%; p < 0.001). Overall technical and device success rates were acceptable, at 92.3% and 85.5%, respectively. However, compared with the ViV group, the ViR group had lower technical success (83.3% vs. 96.0%; p = 0.001) due to more frequent second valve implantation (11.1% vs. 2.8%; p = 0.008), and lower device success (76.4% vs. 89.2%; p = 0.009) due to more frequent reintervention (16.7% vs. 7.4%; p = 0.03). Mean mitral valve gradients were similar between groups (6.4 ± 2.3 mm Hg vs. 5.8 ± 2.7 mm Hg; p = 0.17), whereas the ViR group had more frequent post-procedural mitral regurgitation moderate or higher (19.4% vs. 6.8%; p = 0.003). Furthermore, the ViR group had more frequent life-threatening bleeding (8.3% vs. 2.3%; p = 0.03), acute kidney injury (11.1% vs. 4.0%; p = 0.03), and subsequent lower procedural success (58.3% vs. 79.5%; p = 0.001). The 1-year all-cause mortality rate was significantly higher in the ViR group compared with the ViV group (28.7% vs. 12.6%; log-rank test, p = 0.01). On multivariable analysis, failed annuloplasty ring was independently associated with all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 2.70; 95% confidence interval: 1.34 to 5.43; p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: The TMVR procedure provided acceptable outcomes in high-risk patients with degenerated bioprostheses or failed annuloplasty rings, but mitral ViR was associated with higher rates of procedural complications and mid-term mortality compared with mitral ViV.


Assuntos
Bioprótese/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , América do Norte/epidemiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
EuroIntervention ; 13(8): 928-934, 2017 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28606889

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate vascular complications using the "parallel suture technique" in patients receiving an Edwards SAPIEN XT (SXT) or SAPIEN S3 (S3) transcatheter heart valve (THV). METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred consecutive patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis treated with TF-TAVI were included in this study where the "parallel suture technique" was applied for vascular access-site closure. This was achieved by placing the sutures medial and lateral to the puncture site. Vascular access-site complications were defined as vascular dissection, perforation, obstruction, arteriovenous fistula or pseudoaneurysms, and classified according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 (VARC-2) criteria. Duplex sonography was performed routinely in every patient. In patients receiving the S3, the sheath to femoral and iliac artery ratio was significantly lower than in the SXT group, reflecting reduction in sheath sizes for S3. More endovascular interventions were required after SXT implantation as compared to S3 (4% versus 1%, p=0.02). This was due to vascular obstruction or device failure. Moreover, increased life-threatening, major bleedings, and pseudoaneurysms were found in the SXT group (6% versus 1%, p=0.06, 13% versus 3%, p=0.009, 7% versus 1%, p=0.03, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The "parallel suture technique" using the ProGlide is associated with a low number of vascular complications, even when using larger sheath sizes.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
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