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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400191

RESUMO

AIMS: Diagnostic and therapeutic tools have a significant impact on morbidity and mortality associated with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Data about ACS performance measures are scarce in Brazil, and improving its collection is an objective of the Brazilian Registry in Acute Coronary syndromEs (BRACE). METHODS AND RESULTS: BRACE is a cross-sectional, observational epidemiological registry of ACS patients. Stratified "cluster sampling" methodology was adopted to obtain a representative picture of ACS. A performance score (PS) varying from 0 to 100 was developed to compare studied parameters. Performance measures alone and the PS were compared between institutions, and the relationship between the PS and outcomes was evaluated. 1,150 patients, median age 63 years, 64% male, from 72 hospitals were included in the registry. The mean PS for the overall population was 65.9% ± 20.1%. Teaching institutions had a significantly higher PS (71.4% ± 16.9%) compared to non-teaching hospitals (63.4% ± 21%; p <0.001). Overall in-hospital mortality was 5.2%, and the variables that correlated independently with in-hospital mortality included: PS - per point increase (OR=0.97, 95% CI 0.95-0.98, p<0.001), age - per year (OR=1.06, 95% CI 1.03-1.09, p<0.001), chronic kidney disease (OR=3.12, 95% CI 1.08-9.00, p=0.036), and prior angioplasty (OR=0.25, 95% CI 0.07-0.84, p=0.025). CONCLUSION: In BRACE, adoption of evidence-based therapies for ACS, as measured by the performance score, was independently associated with lower in-hospital mortality. The use of diagnostic tools and therapeutic approaches for the management of ACS is less than ideal in Brazil, with high variability especially among different regions of the country.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30277641

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of a novel computational algorithm based on three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging in estimating fractional flow reserve (IVUSFR), compared to gold-standard invasive measurements (FFRINVAS). BACKGROUND: IVUS provides accurate anatomical evaluation of the lumen and vessel wall and has been validated as a useful tool to guide percutaneous coronary intervention. However, IVUS poorly represents the functional status (i.e., flow-related information) of the imaged vessel. METHODS: Patients with known or suspected stable coronary disease scheduled for elective cardiac catheterization underwent FFRINVAS measurement and IVUS imaging in the same procedure to evaluate intermediate lesions. A processing methodology was applied on IVUS to generate a computational mesh condensing the geometric characteristics of the vessel. Computation of IVUSFR was obtained from patient-level morphological definition of arterial districts and from territory-specific boundary conditions. FFRINVAS measurements were dichotomized at the 0.80 threshold to define hemodynamically significant lesions. RESULTS: A total of 24 patients with 34 vessels were analyzed. IVUSFR significantly correlated (r = 0.79; P < 0.001) and showed good agreement with FFRINVAS, with a mean difference of -0.008 ± 0.067 (P = 0.47). IVUSFR presented an overall accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 91%, 89%, 92%, 80%, and 96%, respectively, to detect significant stenosis. CONCLUSION: The computational processing of IVUSFR is a new method that allows the evaluation of the functional significance of coronary stenosis in an accurate way, enriching the anatomical information of grayscale IVUS.

3.
PLoS One ; 13(8): e0202738, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30138356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) and atherosclerotic inflammation associate with increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI). Vascular calcification is regulated by osteogenic proteins (OPs). It is unknown whether an association exists between CAC and plasma OPs and if they are affected by atherothrombotic inflammation. We tested the association of osteogenic and inflammatory proteins with CAC and assessed these biomarkers after MI. METHODS: Circulating OPs (osteoprotegerin, RANKL, fetuin-A, Matrix Gla protein [MGP]) and inflammatory proteins (C-reactive protein, oxidized-LDL, tumoral necrosis factor-α, transforming growth factor [TGF]-ß1) were compared between stable patients with CAC (CAC ≥ 100 AU, n = 100) and controls (CAC = 0 AU, n = 30). The association between biomarkers and CAC was tested by multivariate analysis. In patients with MI (n = 40), biomarkers were compared between acute phase and 1-2 months post-MI, using controls as a baseline. RESULTS: MGP and fetuin-A levels were higher within individuals with CAC. Higher levels of MGP and RANKL were associated with CAC (OR 3.12 [95% CI 1.20-8.11], p = 0.02; and OR 1.75 [95% CI 1.04-2.94] respectively, p = 0.035). After MI, C-reactive protein, OPG and oxidized-LDL levels increased in the acute phase, whereas MGP and TGF-ß1 increased 1-2 months post-MI. CONCLUSIONS: Higher MGP and RANKL levels associate with CAC. These findings highlight the potential role of these proteins as modulators and markers of CAC. In addition, the post-MI increase in OPG and MGP, as well as of inflammatory proteins suggest that the regulation of these OPs is affected by atherothrombotic inflammation.

5.
PLoS One ; 13(1): e0190733, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29300764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In high-income temperate countries, the number of hospitalizations for heart failure (HF) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) increases during the winter. This finding has not been fully investigated in low- and middle-income countries with tropical and subtropical climates. We investigated the seasonality of hospitalizations for HF and AMI in Sao Paulo (Brazil), the largest city in Latin America. METHODS: This was a retrospective study using data for 76,474 hospitalizations for HF and 54,561 hospitalizations for AMI obtained from public hospitals, from January 2008 to April 2015. The average number of hospitalizations for HF and AMI per month during winter was compared to each of the other seasons. The autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model was used to test the association between temperature and hospitalization rates. FINDINGS: The highest average number of hospital admissions for HF and AMI per month occurred during winter, with an increase of up to 30% for HF and 16% for AMI when compared to summer, the season with lowest figures for both diseases (respectively, HF: 996 vs. 767 per month, p<0.001; and AMI: 678 vs. 586 per month, p<0.001). Monthly average temperatures were moderately lower during winter than other seasons and they were not associated with hospitalizations for HF and AMI. INTERPRETATION: The winter season was associated with a greater number of hospitalizations for both HF and AMI. This increase was not associated with seasonal oscillations in temperature, which were modest. Our study suggests that the prevention of cardiovascular disease decompensation should be emphasized during winter even in low to middle-income countries with tropical and subtropical climates.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/tendências , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Estações do Ano , Temperatura Ambiente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cidades , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
6.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 91(3): 387-395, 2018 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28471086

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to compare the occurrence of clinical events in diabetics treated with the Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (Absorb BVS; Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA) versus everolimus-eluting metal stents (EES; XIENCE V; Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA) BACKGROUND: There are limited data dedicated to clinical outcomes of diabetic patients treated with bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) at 2-year horizon. METHODS: The present study included 812 patients in the ABSORB EXTEND study in which a total of 215 diabetic patients were treated with Absorb BVS. In addition, 882 diabetic patients treated with EES in pooled data from the SPIRIT clinical program (SPIRIT II, SPIRIT III and SPIRIT IV trials) were used for comparison by applying propensity score matching using 29 different variables. The primary endpoint was ischemia driven major adverse cardiac events (ID-MACE), including cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and ischemia driven target lesion revascularization (ID-TLR). RESULTS: After 2 years, the ID-MACE rate was 6.5% in the Absorb BVS vs. 8.9% in the Xience group (P = 0.40). There was no difference for MACE components or definite/probable device thrombosis (HR: 1.43 [0.24,8.58]; P = 0.69). The occurrence of MACE was not different for both diabetic status (insulin- and non-insulin-requiring diabetes) in all time points up to the 2-year follow-up for the Absorb and Xience groups. CONCLUSION: In this largest ever patient-level pooled comparison on the treatment of diabetic patients with BRS out to two years, individuals with diabetes treated with the Absorb BVS had a similar rate of MACE as compared with diabetics treated with the Xience EES. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

7.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 91(3): 387-395, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36680

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to compare the occurrence of clinical events in diabetics treated with the Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (Absorb BVS; Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA) versus everolimus-eluting metal stents (EES; XIENCE V; Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA) BACKGROUND: There are limited data dedicated to clinical outcomes of diabetic patients treated with bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) at 2-year horizon. METHODS:The present study included 812 patients in the ABSORB EXTEND study in which a total of 215 diabetic patients were treated with Absorb BVS. In addition, 882 diabetic patients treated with EES in pooled data from the SPIRIT clinical program (SPIRIT II, SPIRIT III and SPIRIT IV trials) were used for comparison by applying propensity score matching using 29 different variables. The primary endpoint was ischemia driven major adverse cardiac events (ID-MACE), including cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and ischemia driven target lesion revascularization (ID-TLR). RESULTS: After 2 years, the ID-MACE rate was 6.5% in the Absorb BVS vs. 8.9% in the Xience group (P = 0.40). There was no difference for MACE components or definite/probable device thrombosis (HR: 1.43 [0.24,8.58]; P = 0.69). The occurrence of MACE was not different for both diabetic status (insulin- and non-insulin-requiring diabetes) in all time points up to the 2-year follow-up for the Absorb and Xience groups...(AU)


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Stents , Coração
8.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 90(4): 671-672, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28990344

RESUMO

In this issue of CCI, Vejpongsa and coworkers showed that TAVR represented 20.4% of all aortic valve replacements performed in elderly patients from 21 US states in the year 2013. Patients treated with SAVR or TAVR largely overlapped in their baseline characteristics, indicating that both modalities concur in everyday life. One out of six patients was readmitted within 30 days, with no significant differences between the TAVR and SAVR in propensity score analysis. One may ask: since the indications of transcatheter and surgical treatments are interchanged for many cases, and the global results look similar, how to finally select the best therapeutic option for an individual case? Would the results be the same if patient-reported outcomes and experiences, such as pain and analgesic use, time to return to routine activities, or quality of life scores were measured? Combining traditional and patient-reported outcomes, in relation to costs, is the optimal approach to assess value in healthcare. Time has come for investigators to adopt value-based healthcare measures as endpoints in registries and clinical trials.

9.
10.
RELAMPA, Rev. Lat.-Am. Marcapasso Arritm ; 30(2): f:55-l:57, abr.-jun. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-848051

RESUMO

Monitores de eventos implantáveis estão cada vez mais presentes em nossa realidade. Este relato tem como foco o registro eletrocardiográ- fico obtido por monitor de eventos implantável durante ressonância magnética de paciente com síncope de repetição. O registro demonstra traçado interpretado erroneamente como taquicardia ventricular. O reconhecimento de interferências deve ser parte do treinamento do médico que atende e avalia dispositivos implantáveis


Implantable loop recorders are increasingly more present in our reality. This report is focused on the electrocardiographic recording obtained by implantable loop monitor during magnetic resonance imaging in patients with repeated syncope. The recording shows a tracing misinterpreted as ventricular tachycardia. Identifying interferences must be part of the training of attending physicians who sees patients and evaluates implantable devices


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Marca-Passo Artificial , Desfibriladores Implantáveis/tendências , Radiação Eletromagnética , Síncope/diagnóstico , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Eletrodos Implantados/tendências , Frequência Cardíaca
11.
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36545

RESUMO

Monitores de eventos implantáveis estão cada vez mais presentes em nossa realidade. Este relato tem como foco o registro eletrocardiográfico obtido por monitor de eventos implantável durante ressonância magnética de paciente com síncope de repetição. O registro demonstra traçado interpretado erroneamente como taquicardia ventricular.O reconhecimento de interferências deve ser parte do treinamento do médico que atende e avalia dispositivos implantáveis...(AU)


Assuntos
Síncope , Marca-Passo Artificial
13.
PLoS One ; 11(3): e0151302, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26977804

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and respiratory impairment may be treated with either invasive or non-invasive mechanical ventilation (MV). However, there has been little testing of non-invasive MV in the setting of AMI. Our objective was to evaluate the incidence and associated clinical outcomes of patients with AMI who were treated with non-invasive or invasive MV. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study in which consecutive patients with AMI (n = 1610) were enrolled. The association between exclusively non-invasive MV, invasive MV and outcomes was assessed by multivariable models. RESULTS: Mechanical ventilation was used in 293 patients (54% invasive and 46% exclusively non-invasive). In-hospital mortality rates for patients without MV, with exclusively non-invasive MV, and with invasive MV were 4.0%, 8.8%, and 39.5%, respectively (P<0.001). The median lengths of hospital stay were 6 (5.8-6.2), 13 (11.2-4.7), and 28 (18.0-37.9) days, respectively (P<0.001). Exclusively non-invasive MV was not associated with in-hospital death (adjusted HR = 0.90, 95% CI 0.40-1.99, P = 0.79). Invasive MV was strongly associated with a higher risk of in-hospital death (adjusted HR = 3.07, 95% CI 1.79-5.26, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In AMI setting, 18% of the patients required MV. Almost half of these patients were treated with exclusively non-invasive strategies with a favorable prognosis, while patients who needed to be treated invasively had a three-fold increase in the risk of death. Future prospective randomized trials are needed to compare the effectiveness of invasive and non-invasive MV for the initial approach of respiratory failure in AMI patients.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Respiração Artificial , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Insuficiência Respiratória/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
São Paulo; s.n; 2016. [109] p. tab, graf.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-870890

RESUMO

A utilização de medidas diagnósticas e terapêuticas tem impacto significativo na morbidade e mortalidade associadas a síndromes miocárdicas isquêmicas instáveis (SIMI). A quantificação do uso destas medidas permite mensurar a qualidade no atendimento ao paciente por diferentes instituições de saúde, países ou regiões. Dados a respeito da utilização de medidas de desempenho no atendimento a pacientes com SIMI são escassos no Brasil, e a coleta de dados confiáveis a esse respeito é o objetivo do Registro Brasileiro de Síndromes Coronárias Agudas (BRACE). MÉTODOS: BRACE é um registo epidemiológico transversal, observacional de pacientes com SIMI. Para seleção dos hospitais foi adotada a metodologia de "amostragem por conglomerados", estratificada por região, característica de ensino (universitário ou não) e entidade mantenedora (público ou privado) para se obter uma imagem representativa de pacientes com SIMI no país. Escore de desempenho que varia de 0 a 100% foi desenvolvido para comparar os parâmetros estudados. As variáveis de desempenho isoladamente e as pontuações do escore foram comparados entre os tipos de instituições e a relação entre a pontuação de desempenho e os desfechos foram avaliados. RESULTADOS: 1.150 pacientes com idade média de 63 anos, 64% do sexo masculino, de 72 hospitais foram incluídos no registro. O escore desempenho médio para a população geral foi de 65,9% ± 20,1%. Instituições de ensino tiveram uma pontuação de desempenho significativamente mais elevada (71,4% ± 16,9%) em comparação com os hospitais não docentes (63,4% ± 21%; p < 0,001). A mortalidade hospitalar foi de 5,2%, e as variáveis que se correlacionaram significativamente e de forma independente com a mortalidade intra-hospitalar foram: idade - por ano (OR = 1,06, 95% IC 1,04-1,09, P < 0,001), doença renal crônica (OR = 3,59 , 95% IC 1,32-9,75, P= 0,012), angioplastia prévia (OR = 0,23, 95% IC 0,07-0,77, P= 0,017) e escore de desempenho...


The use of diagnostic and therapeutic tools has a significant impact on morbidity and mortality associated with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Data about the utilization of ACS performance measures are scarce in Brazil, and improving its reliable collection is an objective of the Brazilian Registry in Acute Coronary syndromEs (BRACE). METHODS: BRACE is a cross-sectional, observational epidemiological registry of ACS patients. Stratified "cluster sampling" methodology was adopted to obtain a representative picture of ACS in the country. A performance score varying from 0 to 100 was developed to compare the studied parameters. The performance measures alone and the performance scores were compared between institutions, and the relationship between the performance score and outcomes was evaluated. RESULTS: 1,150 patients median age 63 years, 64% male, from 72 hospitals were included in the registry. The mean performance score for the overall population was 65.9%±20.1%. Teaching institutions had a significantly higher performance score (71.4% ± 16.9%) compared to non-teaching hospitals (63.4% ± 21%; P < 0.001). In-hospital mortality was 5.2%, and the variables that correlated significantly and independently with in-hospital mortality included age - per year (OR=1.06, 95% CI 1.04-1.09, P < 0.001), chronic kidney disease (OR=3.59, 95% CI 1.32-9.75, P=0.012), prior angioplasty (OR=0.23, 95% CI 0.07-0.77, P=0.017) and performance score - per point increase (OR=0.97, 95% CI 0.96-0.98, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Data from this study demonstrate that use of diagnostic tools and therapeutic approaches for the management of ACS is heterogeneous and less than ideal in Brazil, and that performance score is independently associated with in-hospital mortality...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Angina Instável , Infarto do Miocárdio , Sistema de Registros , Brasil
16.
In. Kalil Filho, Roberto; Fuster, Valetim; Albuquerque, Cícero Piva de. Medicina cardiovascular reduzindo o impacto das doenças / Cardiovascular medicine reducing the impact of diseases. São Paulo, Atheneu, 2016. p.571-603.
Monografia em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-971556
17.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 13(3): 454-61, 2015 Jul-Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26466065

RESUMO

Non-ST segment elevation coronary syndrome usually results from instability of an atherosclerotic plaque, with subsequent activation of platelets and several coagulation factors. Its treatment aims to reduce the ischemic pain, limiting myocardial damage and decreasing mortality. Several antiplatelet and anticoagulation agents have been proven useful, and new drugs have been added to the therapeutic armamentarium in the search for higher anti-ischemic efficacy and lower bleeding rates. Despite the advances, the mortality, infarction and readmission rates remain high.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Angina Instável/tratamento farmacológico , Cuidados Críticos , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Cineangiografia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico
18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(3): 454-461, July-Sep. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-761960

RESUMO

Non-ST segment elevation coronary syndrome usually results from instability of an atherosclerotic plaque, with subsequent activation of platelets and several coagulation factors. Its treatment aims to reduce the ischemic pain, limiting myocardial damage and decreasing mortality. Several antiplatelet and anticoagulation agents have been proven useful, and new drugs have been added to the therapeutic armamentarium in the search for higher anti-ischemic efficacy and lower bleeding rates. Despite the advances, the mortality, infarction and readmission rates remain high.


A síndrome coronária sem supradesnivelamento do ST geralmente resulta da instabilização de uma placa aterosclerótica, com subsequente ativação plaquetária e de diversos fatores de coagulação. O tratamento visa aliviar a dor isquêmica, limitar o dano miocárdico e diminuir a mortalidade. Diversos agentes antiagregantes e anticoagulantes provaram sua utilidade, e novas drogas passaram a compor o arsenal terapêutico, buscando maior eficácia anti-isquêmica e menores índices de sangramento. Apesar dos avanços, as taxas de mortalidade, infarto e reinternação ainda permanecem elevadas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Angina Instável/tratamento farmacológico , Cuidados Críticos , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Cineangiografia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico
19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 105(2): 145-150, Aug. 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-757999

RESUMO

AbstractBackground:The prevalence and clinical outcomes of heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction after acute myocardial infarction have not been well elucidated.Objective:To analyze the prevalence of heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction in acute myocardial infarction and its association with mortality.Methods:Patients with acute myocardial infarction (n = 1,474) were prospectively included. Patients without heart failure (Killip score = 1), with heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (Killip score > 1 and left ventricle ejection fraction ≥ 50%), and with systolic dysfunction (Killip score > 1 and left ventricle ejection fraction < 50%) on admission were compared. The association between systolic dysfunction with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction and in-hospital mortality was tested in adjusted models.Results:Among the patients included, 1,256 (85.2%) were admitted without heart failure (72% men, 67 ± 15 years), 78 (5.3%) with heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (59% men, 76 ± 14 years), and 140 (9.5%) with systolic dysfunction (69% men, 76 ± 14 years), with mortality rates of 4.3%, 17.9%, and 27.1%, respectively (p < 0.001). Logistic regression (adjusted for sex, age, troponin, diabetes, and body mass index) demonstrated that heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (OR 2.91; 95% CI 1.35–6.27; p = 0.006) and systolic dysfunction (OR 5.38; 95% CI 3.10 to 9.32; p < 0.001) were associated with in-hospital mortality.Conclusion:One-third of patients with acute myocardial infarction admitted with heart failure had preserved left ventricular ejection fraction. Although this subgroup exhibited more favorable outcomes than those with systolic dysfunction, this condition presented a three-fold higher risk of death than the group without heart failure. Patients with acute myocardial infarction and heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction encounter elevated short-term risk and require special attention and monitoring during hospitalization.


ResumoFundamento:A prevalência e os desfechos clínicos em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada pós-infarto agudo do miocárdio ainda não foram bem elucidados.Objetivo:Analisar a prevalência de insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada no infarto agudo do miocárdio e sua associação com a mortalidade.Métodos:Pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio (n = 1.474) foram incluídos prospectivamente. Pacientes admitidos sem insuficiência cardíaca (Killip = 1), com insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada (Killip > 1 e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo ≥ 50%) e com insuficiência cardíaca sistólica (Killip > 1 e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo < 50%) foram comparados. A associação entre insuficiência cardíaca sistólica e com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada, com a mortalidade hospitalar foi testada em modelos ajustados.Resultados:Dentre os incluídos, 1.256 (85,2%) pacientes foram admitidos sem insuficiência cardíaca (72% homens, 67 ± 15 anos), 78 (5,3%) com insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada (59% homens, 76 ± 14 anos) e 140 (9,5%) com insuficiência cardíaca sistólica (69% homens, 76 ± 14 anos), com mortalidade, respectivamente, de 4,3; 17,9 e 27,1% (p < 0,001). A regressão logística (ajustada para sexo, idade, troponina, diabetes e índice de massa corporal) demonstrou que insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada (odds ratio de 2,91; intervalo de confiança de 95% de 1,35-6,27; p = 0,006) e insuficiência cardíaca sistólica (odds ratio de 5,38; intervalo de confiança de 95% de 3,10-9,32; p < 0,001) se associaram à mortalidade intra-hospitalar.Conclusão:Um terço dos pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio admitidos com insuficiência cardíaca apresentou fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada. Apesar de esse subgrupo ter evolução mais favorável que os pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca sistólica, ele apresentou risco de morte três vezes maior do que o grupo sem insuficiência cardíaca. Pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio e insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada apresentaram elevado risco em curto prazo e mereceram especial atenção e monitorização durante a internação hospitalar.


Assuntos
Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Diástole/fisiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Hospitalização , Prognóstico , Sístole/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
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