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1.
J Med Econ ; : 1-20, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A proportion of chronic heart failure (CHF) patients will experience regurgitation secondary to ventricular remodeling in CHF, known as functional mitral (MR) or tricuspid (TR) regurgitation. Its presence adversely impacts the prognosis and healthcare utilization in CHF patients. The advent of interventional devices for both atrioventricular valves modifies both aspects. We present an economic model structure suitable for comparing interventions used in MR and TR, and assess the cost-effectiveness of transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) plus guideline directed medical therapy (GDMT) compared with GDMT alone in people with MR. METHODS: An economic model with a lifetime time horizon was developed based on extrapolated survival data and using New York Heart Association classifications to describe disease severity in people with functional MR at high risk of surgical mortality or deemed inoperable. Cost and utility values (describing health-related quality-of-life) were assigned to patients dependent on their disease severity. The analysis was conducted from a UK National Health Service perspective. An incremental cost per additional quality-adjusted life year (QALY) was estimated, and sensitivity (one-way and probabilistic) and scenario analyses conducted. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Compared with GDMT, the use of TMVr results in an additional 1.07 QALYs and an increase in costs of £32,267 per patient over a lifetime time horizon. The estimated incremental cost per QALY gained is £30,057 and would therefore be on the threshold of cost-effectiveness at £30,000 per quality adjusted life year. Thus, from a UK reimbursement perspective, in patients with severe functional MR who are at high risk of surgical mortality or deemed inoperable with conventional surgery, TMVr plus medical therapy is likely to represent a cost-effective treatment option compared with GDMT alone. The choice of device (MitraClip or PASCAL) will need to be confirmed once further clinical data are reported.

2.
Depress Anxiety ; 37(9): 898-907, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32542951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is common in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and is a predictor of rehospitalization and mortality. However, the complex bidirectional relationships between these two conditions are barely understood. We investigated the course of depression and markers of CHF (New York Heart Association [NYHA] functional class, N-terminal-prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP], and left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF]) in a longitudinal study over a period of 2 years, using three assessment points. METHODS: Data of n = 446 patients with documented CHF were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Specifically, a Bayesian cross-lagged structural equation model was applied. RESULTS: Our study revealed that an aggravation of depression predicted an increase in NYHA functional class (significant cross-lagged effect γh = 0.103, 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.017; 0.194]), whereas an increase in NYHA functional class did not predict an aggravation of depression (γd = 0.002 95% CI [-0.057; 0.194]). This association was found only for NYHA functional class and depression-not for NT-proBNP and LVEF. CONCLUSIONS: Experiencing depression and associated symptoms, such as lack of energy and fatigue, may lead to a further decrease of functional capacity, and consequently to a higher NYHA functional class in CHF patients. As NYHA functional class is associated with higher mortality, this may be a critical development for affected patients. Further studies are required to investigate whether or not this association could be an essential key that explains the pathway from depression to increased mortality in heart failure patients.


Assuntos
Depressão , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Teorema de Bayes , Biomarcadores , Depressão/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
3.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234260, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, e.g. coronary artery disease (CAD). But it has also been shown that diabetes can cause heart failure independently of ischemic heart disease (IHD) by causing diabetic cardiomyopathy. In contrast to diabetes and IHD, limited data exist regarding patients with diabetes and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS: EVIdence based TreAtment in Heart Failure (EVITA-HF) comprises web-based case report data on demography, diagnostic measures, adverse events and 1-year follow-up of patients hospitalized for chronic heart failure and an ejection fraction ≤40%. In the present study we focused on the results of patients with diabetes and heart failure. RESULTS: Between February 2009 and November 2015, 4101 patients with chronic heart failure were included in 16 tertiary care centers in Germany. The mortality in patients with diabetes and DCM (n = 323) was more than double (15.2%) than that of DCM patients without diabetes (6.5%, p<0.001, n = 885). In contrast the mortality rate of patients with IHD was not influenced by the presence of diabetes (17.6% in patients with IHD and diabetes n = 945, vs. 14.7% in patients with IHD and no diabetes, n = 1236, p = 0.061). The results also remained stable after performing a multivariable analysis (unadjusted p-value for interaction = 0.002, adjusted p = 0.046). CONCLUSION: The influence of diabetes on the mortality rate is only significant in patients with DCM not in patients with CAD. Therefore, the underlying mechanisms of this effect should be studied in greater detail to improve patient care and outcome.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
4.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2020 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32462266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The introduction of percutaneous mitral valve (MV) repair had an effect on clinical practice in comparison with surgical MV repair. Complete nationwide data are useful in examining how the introduction of a new technique influences clinical practice. METHODS: We analyzed procedural numbers, patient characteristics, and in-hospital outcomes for all percutaneous edge-to-edge and surgical MV reconstruction procedures performed in Germany between 2009 and 2015. RESULTS: 12,664 percutaneous edge-to-edge and 22,825 surgical MV reconstructions were recorded. Numbers increased steadily, albeit more rapidly in the percutaneous edge-to-edge group (108-4079 vs. 2923-3603 with surgical MV reconstruction). Patients with percutaneous edge-to-edge MV reconstruction were older (75.6 ± 8.8 vs 61.6 ± 13.4 years, P < 0.001) and at higher operative risk (estimated logistic EuroSCORE 13.2% vs. 4.7%, P < 0.001) compared to those undergoing surgery. However, in-hospital mortality did not differ (2.9% vs. 2.8%; P = 0.395). This was also true for the subset of 2103 patients at intermediate operative risk as defined by a logistic EuroSCORE ≥ 4% and ≤ 9%. Of note, complication rates (except acute kidney injury) were more favorable in patients undergoing percutaneous edge-to-edge reconstruction. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous edge-to-edge MV reconstruction has markedly changed clinical practice of MR therapy in Germany. Annual overall procedural numbers more than doubled, with a massive increase in percutaneous edge-to-edge procedures. Our data demonstrate its use mainly in high-risk patients and prove the favorable safety profile of this novel technique, with low in-hospital mortality and complication rates.

5.
BMC Nephrol ; 21(1): 179, 2020 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32410664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peritoneal ultrafiltration (pUF) in refractory heart failure (HF) reduces the incidence of decompensation episodes, which is of particular significance as each episode incrementally adds to mortality. Nevertheless, there are insufficient data about which patient cohort benefits the most. The objective of this study was to compare pUF in HFrEF and HFpEF, focusing on functional status, hospitalizations, surrogate endpoints and mortality. METHODS: This study involves 143 patients, who could be classified as either HFpEF (n = 37, 25.9%) or HFrEF (n = 106, 74.1%) and who received pUF due to refractory HF. RESULTS: Baseline eGFR was similar in HFrEF (23.1 ± 10.6 mg/dl) and HFpEF (27.8 ± 13.2 mg/dl). Significant improvements in NYHA class were found in HFpEF (3.19 ± 0.61 to 2.72 ± 0.58, P <  0.001) and HFrEF (3.45 ± 0.52 to 2.71 ± 0.72, P <  0.001). CRP decreased in HFrEF (19.4 ± 17.6 mg/l to 13.7 ± 21.4 mg/l, P = 0.018) and HFpEF (33.7 ± 52.6 mg/l to 17.1 ± 26.3 mg/l, P = 0.004). Body weight was significantly reduced in HFrEF (81.1 ± 14.6 kg to 77.2 ± 15.6 kg, P = 0.003) and HFpEF (86.9 ± 15.8 kg to 83.1 ± 15.9 kg, P = 0.005). LVEF improved only in HFrEF (25.9 ± 6.82% to 30.4 ± 12.2%, P = 0.046). BCR decreased significantly in HFrEF and HFpEF (55.7 ± 21.9 to 34.3 ± 17.9 P > 0.001 and 50.5 ± 68.9 to 37.6 ± 21.9, P = 0.006). Number of hospitalization episodes as well as number of hospitalization days decreased significantly only in HFpEF (total number 2.88 ± 1.62 to 1.25 ± 1.45, P <  0.001, days 40.4 ± 31.7 to 18.3 ± 22.5 days, P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: pUF offers various benefits in HFpEF and HFrEF, but there are also substantial differences. In particular, hospitalization rates were found to be significantly reduced in HFpEF patients, indicating a greater medical and economical advantage. However, LVEF was only found to be improved in HFrEF patients. While pUF can now be regarded as an option to supplement classical HF therapy, further studies are desirable to obtain specifications about pUF in HFpEF, HFmEF and HFrEF patients.

6.
Heart Fail Rev ; 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314085

RESUMO

Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) improve cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). The comparative efficacy of individual SGLT2i remains unclear. We searched PubMed, www.clinicaltrials.gov and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for randomised controlled trials exploring the use of canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin or ertugliflozin in patients with T2D. Comparators included placebo or any other active treatment. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Secondary endpoints were cardiovascular mortality and worsening heart failure (HF). Evidence was synthesised using network meta-analysis (NMA). Sixty-four trials reporting on 74,874 patients were included. The overall quality of evidence was high. When compared with placebo, empagliflozin and canagliflozin improved all three endpoints, whereas dapagliflozin improved worsening HF. When compared with other SGLT2i, empagliflozin was superior for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality reduction. Empagliflozin, canagliflozin and dapagliflozin had similar effects on improving worsening HF. Ertugliflozin had no effect on any of the three endpoints investigated. Sensitivity analyses including extension periods of trials or excluding studies with a treatment duration of < 52 weeks confirmed the main results. Similar results were obtained when restricting mortality analyses to patients included in cardiovascular outcome trials (n = 38,719). Empagliflozin and canagliflozin improved survival with empagliflozin being superior to the other SGLT2i. Empagliflozin, canagliflozin and dapagliflozin had similar effects on improving worsening HF. Prospective head-to-head comparisons would be needed to confirm these results.

7.
Acta Cardiol ; 75(1): 61-67, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30650019

RESUMO

Background: Incidence of stroke within 30 days after percutaneous mitral valve repair using the MitraClip varies from 0.7% and 2.6% between registries. Standard medical treatment after the MitraClip procedure, in the absence of risk factors requiring antithrombotic therapy such as atrial fibrillation, is dual antiplatelet therapy using aspirin and clopidogrel. ESC/EACTS and ACC/AHA surgical guidelines show a Class IIa indication for temporary antithrombotic therapy after mitral valve repair/bioprosthetic valve replacement within the first three months even in patients with no additional risk factors.Methods: 470 patients were treated with the MitraClip receiving oral anticoagulation (Coumadin: INR 2.0-3.0) instead of dual antiplatelet therapy for at least 30 days after the procedure. The incidence of stroke, as well as major adverse events such as bleeding, were analysed in comparison to large registries and multi-centre studies.Results: Incidence of stroke within 30 days was significantly reduced as compared to comparative cohorts (0.2% vs. Median 1.3% [0.7-2.6%]; p < .05). Cardiovascular risk factors such as age, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, diabetes, STS score and prior stroke did not differ significantly between cohorts (ns). Bleeding complications were not increased due to 30 days oral anticoagulation treatment (4.6% vs. Median 7.4% [3.4-13.6%]; ns).Conclusions: Temporary oral anticoagulation might be a strategy to reduce the incidence of stroke within the first 30 days after the MitraClip procedure. Bleeding events were not significantly altered due to temporary oral anticoagulation.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Varfarina/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Varfarina/efeitos adversos
8.
Heart Fail Rev ; 25(2): 161-171, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364027

RESUMO

This study aims to assess the comparative benefit and risk profile of treatment with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) with regard to all-cause mortality (primary endpoint), cardiovascular mortality, or heart failure (HF)-related hospitalization (secondary endpoints) and the safety endpoints hyperkalemia, acute renal failure, and gynecomastia in patients with chronic HF. We conducted a systematic review and network meta-analysis following PRISMA-P and PRISMA-NMA guidelines. From 16 different sources, 14 randomized controlled trials totaling 12,213 patients testing an active treatment of either spironolactone, eplerenone, or canrenone/potassium-canreonate in adults with symptomatic HF due to systolic dysfunction reporting any of the above endpoints were retained. Efficacy in comparison to placebo/standard medical care with respect to all-cause mortality was confirmed for spironolactone and eplerenone while no conclusion could be drawn for canrenone (HR 0.69 (0.62; 0.77), 0.82 (0.75; 0.91), and 0.50 (0.17; 1.45), respectively). Indirect comparisons hint a potential (non-significant) preference of spironolactone over eplerenone (HR 0.84 (0.68; 1.03)). The overall risk of bias was low to intermediate. Results for secondary endpoints as well as sensitivity analyses essentially mirrored these findings. The beta-blocker adjusted meta-analysis for the primary endpoint showed the same tendency as the unadjusted one (HR 0.39 (0.07; 2.03)). Results need to be interpreted with caution, though, as the resultant mix of patient- and study-level covariates produced unstable statistical modeling. We found no significant and systematic superiority of either MRA regarding efficacy toward all endpoints considered in both direct and indirect comparisons.

9.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 109(1): 115-123, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236690

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The DANISH trial raised doubts about the effectiveness of primary prevention of sudden cardiac death by ICD implantation among patients with non-ischemic heart failure. We sought to analyse data from the EVITA-HF registry to give an answer from real-world registry data to the DANISH trial. METHODS: 1804 patients were identified from the EVITA-HF registry with chronic heart failure (CHF) due to ischemic or dilated heart disease and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction of ≤ 35%. The patients were divided into two groups: Patients with newly implanted cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD group; mean age 66 ± 12 years, 77% male) and without ICD (no-ICD group; mean age 66 ± 14 years, 77% male). The subgroups were compared with regard to mortality and predictive parameters affecting survival. RESULTS: Cardiovascular risk factors were similar among patients in the non-ICD group (n = 1473) compared to ICD group (n = 331). After 1-year follow-up patients with ischemic heart disease showed a significant improved survival in the ICD group compared to non-ICD group [92.1% vs. 80.6%, HR 0.37 (0.22-0.62)]. Patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy did not show a difference with regard to survival between the ICD and the non-ICD group [93.7% vs. 93.1%, HR 0.92 (0.43-1.97)]. The data were stable in a Cox-regression model. CONCLUSION: In a real-world setting, no benefit was evident for patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction by adding ICD therapy in a short-term follow-up of 12 months in contrast to patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/terapia , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
10.
ESC Heart Fail ; 7(2): 692-696, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802644

RESUMO

Cardiac sarcoidosis is a chronic inflammatory disease with a large spectrum of symptoms that can mimic diseases such as dilated, hypertrophic, or arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathies. It can be asymptomatic but can also present with ventricular arrhythmias, conduction disease, and heart failure (HF) or even sudden cardiac death (SCD). We present here the case of a patient transplanted due to end-stage arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), fulfilling the task force criteria. A few years after successful heart transplantation (HTX), the patient developed similar symptoms and morphofunctional changes of the heart, which led to critical re-evaluation of his primary diagnosis.

11.
ESC Heart Fail ; 6(4): 640-648, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259484

RESUMO

AIMS: Co-morbid atrial fibrillation (AF) increases both mortality and N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentrations in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). It is unclear whether AF worsens prognosis independently from NT-proBNP concentrations. If AF was an independent risk factor, NT-proBNP levels for outcome prediction would need to be adjusted in patients with AF. We aimed to analyse the influence of AF on the prognostic value of NT-proBNP in patients with CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 2541 consecutive CHF patients with sinus rhythm (SR) or AF were identified in the outpatients' CHF registry of the University of Heidelberg, Germany. Of these, 250 patients with SR were individually matched to 250 patients with AF with respect to NT-proBNP, New York Heart Association functional class, sex, age, and aetiology of CHF. In the general sample, both AF and NT-proBNP were associated with all-cause mortality [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.96, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.61-2.39, P < 0.001; and HR = 1.03 per 1000 ng/L increase, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.04, P < 0.001, respectively]. After matching, NT-proBNP retained its prognostic power (HR = 1.13 per 1000 ng/L increase, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.16, P < 0.001), but AF did not (HR = 0.91, 95% CI 0.66 to 1.25, P = 0.56). Despite similar prognosis, matched patients with SR were in more advanced CHF than were AF patients as indicated by a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (30 ± 13% vs. 34 ± 14%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The prognostic value of NT-proBNP in CHF is not influenced by concomitant AF. AF, in return, might be a surrogate of a worse cardiac condition rather than an independent risk factor.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
12.
Chest ; 156(4): 706-714, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31047956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiotensin peptides have been implicated in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) pathogenesis. Angiotensin modulators are used to treat arterial hypertension, a frequent comorbidity of IPF. This post hoc analysis evaluated associations of antihypertensive treatments with disease-related outcomes in IPF. METHODS: All patients randomized to placebo (n = 624) in the CAPACITY and ASCEND studies were categorized by antihypertensive treatment at baseline. Outcomes of disease progression (first occurrence of ≥ 10% absolute decline in % predicted FVC, ≥ 50-m decline in 6-min walk distance, or death) and all-cause mortality were assessed over 52 weeks. RESULTS: At baseline, 111 and 121 patients were receiving an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) or an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB), respectively; 392 were receiving neither. In multivariable analyses adjusted for differences in baseline characteristics compared with the non-ACEi/ARB group, ACEi treatment (hazard ratio [HR], 0.6 [95% CI, 0.4-0.9]; P = .026), but not ARB (HR, 0.9 [95% CI, 0.6-1.2]; P = .413), was associated with slower disease progression. Furthermore, the increase in all-cause mortality associated with cardiovascular disease was not observed in the ACEi group (HR, 1.1 [95% CI, 0.5-2.9]; P = .782), which presented a similar percentage of IPF-related mortality as the non-ACEi/ARB group (3.6% vs 3.6%). In contrast, patients in the ARB group had greater risk of all-cause mortality (HR, 2.5 [95% CI, 1.2-5.2]). These observations were validated in a pooled analysis that included patients from the INSPIRE trial. CONCLUSIONS: Prospective clinical trials are needed to evaluate whether angiotensin modulators may be beneficial to clinical outcomes in IPF. TRIAL REGISTRY: ClinicalTrials.gov; Nos.: NCT01366209, NCT00287716, NCT00287729, NCT00075998; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov).


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
ESC Heart Fail ; 6(2): 271-279, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30815994

RESUMO

AIMS: Each episode of acute decompensated heart failure (HF) incrementally adds to mortality. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) offers an alternative therapeutic option in refractory HF and reduces the incidence of decompensation episodes. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of PD, in terms of functional status, surrogate endpoints, rate of hospitalizations, and mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study is based on the registry of the German Society of Nephrology, involving 159 patients receiving PD treatment due to refractory HF between January 2010 and December 2014. Body weight was reduced by PD (82.2 ± 14.9 to 78.4 ± 14.8 kg, P < 0.001), and significant improvements in New York Heart Association functional class (3.38 ± 0.55 to 2.85 ± 0.49, P < 0.001) were found already after 3 months. Left ventricular ejection fraction did not change (31.5 ± 13.8 to 34.0 ± 15.7%, P = 0.175). C-reactive protein improved with PD treatment (33.7 ± 52.6 to 17.1 ± 26.3 mg/L, P = 0.004). Blood urea nitrogen/creatinine ratio decreased significantly (148.7 ± 68.3 to 106.7 ± 44.8 mg/dL, P < 0.001). Hospitalization rates decreased significantly (total number 2.86 ± 1.88 to 1.90 ± 1.78, P = 0.001, and 39.2 ± 30.7 to 27.1 ± 25.2 days, P = 0.004). One year mortality was 39.6% in end-stage HF patients treated with PD. CONCLUSIONS: Peritoneal dialysis offers an additional therapeutic option in end-stage HF and is associated with improved New York Heart Association classification and reduced hospitalization. Although PD treatment was associated with various benefits, further studies are necessary to identify which patients benefit the most from PD.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Diálise Peritoneal/métodos , Sistema de Registros , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Int J Cardiol ; 289: 83-90, 2019 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30827731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Loop diuretics are given to the majority of patients with chronic heart failure (HF). Whether the different pharmacological properties of the three guideline-recommended loop diuretics result in differential effects on survival is unknown. METHODS: 6293 patients with chronic HF using either bumetanide, furosemide or torasemide were identified in three European HF registries. Patients were individually matched on both the respective propensity scores for receipt of the individual drug and dose-equivalents thereof. RESULTS: During a follow-up of 35,038 patient-years, 652 (53.7%), 2179 (51.9%), and 268 (30.4%) patients died amongst those prescribed bumetanide, furosemide, and torasemide, respectively. In univariable analyses of the general sample, bumetanide and furosemide were both associated with higher mortality as compared with torasemide treatment (HR 1.50, 95% CI 1.31-1.73, p < 0.001, and HR 1.34, CI 1.18-1.52, p < 0.001, respectively). Mortality was higher in bumetanide users when compared to furosemide users (HR 1.11, 95% CI 1.02-1.20, p = 0.01). However, there was no significant association between loop diuretic choice and all-cause mortality in any of the matched samples (bumetanide vs. furosemide, HR 1.03, 95% CI 0.93-1.14, p = 0.53; bumetanide vs. torasemide, HR 0.98, 95% CI 0.78-1.24, p = 0.89; furosemide vs. torasemide, HR 1.02, 95% CI 0.84-1.24, p = 0.82). The results were confirmed in subgroup analyses with respect to age, sex, left ventricular ejection fraction, NYHA functional class, cause of HF, rhythm, and systolic blood pressure. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HF, mortality is not affected by the choice of individual loop diuretics.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Pontuação de Propensão , Inibidores de Simportadores de Cloreto de Sódio e Potássio/uso terapêutico , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Bumetanida/uso terapêutico , Causas de Morte/tendências , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Furosemida/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Torasemida/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Heart Fail Rev ; 24(4): 461-472, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30874955

RESUMO

The majority of patients with chronic heart failure (HF) receive long-term treatment with loop diuretics. The comparative effectiveness of different loop diuretics is unknown. We searched PubMed, clinicaltrials.gov , the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and the European Union Clinical Trials Register for randomised clinical trials exploring the efficacy of the loop diuretics azosemide, bumetanide, furosemide or torasemide in patients with HF. Comparators included placebo, standard medical care or any other active treatment. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Secondary endpoints included cardiovascular mortality, HF-related hospitalisation and any combined endpoint thereof. Hypokalaemia and acute renal failure were defined as additional safety endpoints. Evidence was synthesised using network meta-analysis (NMA). Thirty-four trials reporting on 2647 patients were included. The overall quality of evidence was rated as moderate. NMA demonstrated no significant differences between loop diuretics with respect to all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality or hypokalaemia. In contrast, torasemide ranked best in terms of HF hospitalisation, and there was a trend towards benefits with torasemide with regard to occurrence of acute renal failure. Sensitivity analyses excluding trials with a follow-up < 6 months, trials with a cross-over design and those including < 25 patients confirmed the main results. We found no significant superiority of either loop diuretic with respect to mortality and safety endpoints. However, clinicians may prefer torasemide, as it was associated with fewer HF-related hospitalisations.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Simportadores de Cloreto de Sódio e Potássio/uso terapêutico , Viés , Doença Crônica , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/mortalidade , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Inibidores de Simportadores de Cloreto de Sódio e Potássio/farmacocinética , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Clin Biochem ; 67: 7-11, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30872042

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long term biological variation of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) in stable outpatients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: After applying 8 exclusion criteria to 965 patients, hs-cTnT was measured at index visit and at a 12-month interval in 169 stable outpatients presenting for routine follow-up visits for any CVD. Stability was defined as absence of any endpoint within the follow-up period. Reference change values (RCVs) and minimal important differences (MIDs) were determined to assess biological variation of hs-cTnT. RESULTS: MID and RCV for the 12 months interval in patients were 3.8 ng/L or 44.2%, respectively. MID and transformed MID values were lower than the corresponding RCV with a value of 5.1 ng/L for the transformed RCV and 28.1% for the transformed MID. Similar patterns were shown in different subgroups as sex, age, and renal function. We observed a baseline hs-cTnT value dependent change of MID and RCV with increasing values for MID and decreasing values for RCV which converge to stable values between a baseline hs-cTNT value of 11 to 25 ng/L. CONCLUSIONS: Biological variation of hs-cTnT over 12 months in stable outpatients depends on the concentration at index visit, and is consistent among important prespecified subgroups. MID shows a low biovariability over 12 months. Clinical Trials Identifier:NCT01954303.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Troponina T/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Heart ; 105(16): 1252-1259, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30792238

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology, long-term outcomes and temporal trends in mortality in ambulatory patients with chronic heart failure (HF) with reduced (HFrEF), mid-range (HFmrEF) or preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) from three European countries. METHODS: We identified 10 312 patients from the Norwegian HF Registry and the HF registries of the universities of Heidelberg, Germany, and Hull, UK. Patients were classified according to baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and time of enrolment (period 1: 1995-2005 vs period 2: 2006-2015). Predictors of mortality were analysed by use of univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses. RESULTS: Among 10 312 patients with stable HF, 7080 (68.7%), 2086 (20.2%) and 1146 (11.1%) were classified as having HFrEF, HFmrEF or HFpEF, respectively. A total of 4617 (44.8%) patients were included in period 1, and 5695 (55.2%) patients were included in period 2. Baseline characteristics significantly differed with respect to type of HF and time of enrolment. During a median follow-up of 66 (33-105) months, 5297 patients (51.4%) died. In multivariable analyses, survival was independent of LVEF category (p>0.05), while mortality was lower in period 2 as compared with period 1 (HR 0.81, 95% CI 0.72 to 0.91, p<0.001). Significant predictors of all-cause mortality regardless of HF category were increasing age, New York Heart Association functional class, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide and use of loop diuretics. CONCLUSION: Ambulatory patients with HF stratified by LVEF represent different phenotypes. However, after adjusting for a wide range of covariates, long-term survival is independent of LVEF category. Outcome significantly improved during the last two decades irrespective from type of HF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Mortalidade/tendências , Volume Sistólico , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Análise Multivariada , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/metabolismo , Noruega/epidemiologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Inibidores de Simportadores de Cloreto de Sódio e Potássio/uso terapêutico , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
18.
PLoS One ; 13(8): e0202133, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30138394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Symptoms indicating acute coronary syndrome are commonly seen in emergency rooms, but only 10% of patients are actually diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The Guidelines for the diagnosis of patients with suspected AMI include either multiple testing of cardiac troponin (cTN) or a single combined test of cTN and copeptin, which facilitates earlier diagnosis or exclusion of AMI. The aim of the present analysis was to investigate the impact of combined copeptin/cTN testing on health care resource consumption and related costs both during and after initial hospital treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: The analysis was based on the BIC-8 trial and financial data of participating study sites. A cost analysis was carried out primarily from the hospital perspective and secondarily from the perspective of German statutory health insurers. The underlying assumptions of the investigation were tested for robustness in additional sensitivity analyses. In total, the data of 713 patients (n = 359 combined copeptin/cTN testing, n = 354 serial cTN testing) were evaluated. From a hospital perspective, the combined copeptin/cTN testing showed a reduced number of medical procedures and a lower frequency of inpatient admissions. The average staff time was significantly reduced by a mean of 49 minutes (95% confidence interval (CI) 46 to 53) per patient, accompanied by a significant mean reduction of 131 minutes (95%CI 104 to 158) in the time patients stayed in the emergency room. The initial hospital treatment was less cost-intensive. Over the entire study period, no significant cost differences were observed between the groups for health insurance. CONCLUSION: The combined copeptin/cTN testing has the potential to save costs and staff time in acute care and for the entire hospital stay. The primary explanations for these findings are early identification and ruling out patients without AMI along with the associated reduced need for acute medical treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01498731.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Custos e Análise de Custo , Alta do Paciente , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Feminino , Glicopeptídeos/metabolismo , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Seguro Saúde , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Troponina/metabolismo
19.
BMJ Open ; 8(7): e020204, 2018 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30056377

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We examine the volume-outcome relationship in isolated transcatheter aortic valve implantations (TAVI). Our interest was whether the volume-outcome relationship for TAVI exists on the centre level, whether it occurs equally for different outcomes and how it develops over time. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis of electronic health records. The comprehensive German Federal Bureau of Statistics Diagnosis Related Groups database was queried for data on all isolated TAVI procedures performed in Germany between 2008 and 2014. Logistic and linear regression analyses were carried out. Risk adjustment was applied using a predefined set of patient characteristics to account for differences in the risk factor composition of the patient populations between centres and over time. Centres performing TAVI were stratified into groups performing <50, 50-99 and ≥100 procedures per year. SETTING: Germany 2008-2014. PARTICIPANTS: All patients undergoing isolated TAVI in the observation period. INTERVENTIONS: None. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: In-hospital mortality, bleeding, stroke, probability of ventilation >48 hours, length of hospital stay and reimbursement. RESULTS: Between 2008 and 2014, a total of 43 996 TAVI procedures were performed in 113 different centres in Germany with a total of 2532 cases of in-hospital mortality. Risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality decreases over the years and is lower the higher the annual procedure volume at the centre is. The magnitude of the latter effect declines over the observation period. Our results indicate a ceiling effect in the volume-outcome relationship: the volume-outcome relationship is eminent in circumstances of relatively unfavourable outcomes. Alongside improving outcomes, however, the volume-outcome relationship decreases. Also, a volume-outcome relationship seems to be absent in circumstances of constantly low event rates. CONCLUSIONS: The hypothesised volume-outcome relationship for TAVI exists but diminishes and may disappear over time. This should be taken into account when considering mandatory minimum thresholds.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Feminino , Alemanha , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
ESC Heart Fail ; 5(5): 892-901, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30058757

RESUMO

AIMS: Functional mitral regurgitation is complicating end-stage heart failure and potential heart transplantation by increasing pulmonary artery pressures. The aim of the present study was to investigate feasibility and haemodynamic effects of percutaneous mitral valve edge-to-edge repair using the MitraClip™ device in patients with end-stage heart failure awaiting heart transplantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this retrospective study, we identified nine patients suffering from end-stage heart failure listed for heart transplantation in whom moderate-severe or severe functional mitral regurgitation was recognized and treated with percutaneous mitral valve edge-to-edge repair. Twenty-two patients listed for heart transplantation and presenting with moderate-severe or severe functional mitral regurgitation treated in the pre-MitraClip™ era served as controls. Patients were analysed at two separate time points: MitraClip™ group: pre-procedure and post-procedure (follow-up: 215 ± 53 days) and control group: study entry with recognition of moderate-severe or severe functional mitral regurgitation (follow-up: 197 ± 47 days). Percutaneous mitral valve edge-to-edge repair with the MitraClip™ was feasible and safe in our high-risk end-stage heart failure population. The intervention resulted in significant reduction of mitral regurgitation (grade 3.0 [0.5] to 1.5 [0.5]; P = 0.009), left atrial diameter (51 mm [16] to 49 mm [4]; follow-up MitraClip™ vs. control group P = 0.0497), pulmonary artery pressures (sPA 50 mmHg [15] to 45 mmHg [10]; P = 0.02; mPA 34 mmHg [8] to 30 mmHg [10]; P = 0.02), and New York Heart Association class (3.5 [1.0] to 3.0 [0.5]; P = 0.01) and improved mixed-venous oxygen saturation (57% [11] to 55% [7]; follow-up MitraClip™ vs. control group P = 0.02). No changes in the control group were observed. CONCLUSIONS: MitraClip™ implantation as 'bridge-to-transplant' strategy in patients with end-stage heart failure and severe functional mitral regurgitation awaiting heart transplantation is feasible and appears to result in favourable haemodynamic effects.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Listas de Espera , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Desenho de Prótese , Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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