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1.
Int Ophthalmol ; 2022 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35430683

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To summarize the actions taken to give continuity to the surgical treatment of glaucoma patients and to present the volume and characteristics of glaucoma surgery in the first year of pandemic at the Tertiary Glaucoma Center of the University Hospital of Verona (Veneto, Italy). METHODS: Demographical and surgical features of patients who underwent glaucoma surgery from March 9th, 2020 to March 8th, 2021 have been collected and compared to the same date range of the previous year. The analyzed data included age, gender, region of origin, glaucoma staging, type of anesthesia and surgical procedure. RESULTS: The surgical volume of glaucoma has dropped by 30.1%. In comparison with the previous year, we found a significant variation in the overall distribution of the performed surgical procedures (p < 0.001). There was a decline in Baerveldt tube implants (- 4.9%), and an increase of non-penetrating surgery (+ 2.6%), cyclo-photo ablative procedures (+ 4.2%) and MIGS (+ 5.7%). Only 24.3% of the procedures were performed under general anesthesia compared to 41.5% in the pre-pandemic period (p < 0.001). The number of procedures performed on eyes affected by advanced or end-stage glaucoma is doubled (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: To give continuity to glaucoma surgery, we prioritized interventions on patients with poorer visual fields, rapidly progressing visual field deficit and elevated IOP uncontrolled by maximal medical therapy. Secondly, we have rescheduled the other interventions following the same priority criteria. Finally, we managed some lower priority cases with MIGS, minimizing the need for close post-intervention follow-up. Considering the negative consequences that a delay in the management of glaucoma can have in terms of visual loss, the closure of the operating rooms in the first quarter of the pandemic was detrimental. It appears that glaucoma surgery deserves urgencies that cannot be overshadowed and the greatest effort must be to give continuity to this type of eye surgery.

2.
Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep ; 26: 101401, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35243151

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling on recurrence time of diabetic macular edema in eyes under treatment with dexamethasone intravitreal implant injections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve pseudophakic eyes of 12 patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy and non-tractional diabetic macular edema were included. All eyes had already been treated with two or more dexamethasone intravitreal implant injections evidencing a recurrence time of three months or less (early recurrence). At baseline, they underwent pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling, ending with dexamethasone intravitreal implant injection. Patients were then followed-up monthly, treated with a second injection at the first recurrence, and followed up to the second recurrence. Measurements of best corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and central foveal thickness by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography were performed at each follow-up examination. RESULTS: Vitrectomized eyes showed a significant extension of recurrence time of diabetic macular edema, and specifically from 3.4 (3.2-3.7) to 6.5 (5.7-8.2) months after the first injection, and to 7.0 (5.7-8.2) months (p < 0.01) after the second injection (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPORTANCE: Pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling seems not to influence functional and anatomical results in eyes under treatment with dexamethasone intravitreal implant injections for diabetic macular edema, but appears to significantly extend the benefit of the drug.

3.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; 32(1): 680-687, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631983

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Ophthalmic Emergency Department (OED) activity of the tertiary eye centre of Verona. METHODS: OED reports of patients visited during lockdown (COVID-period) and in the corresponding period of 2017, 2018 and 2019 (COVID-free period) have been retrieved to draw a comparison. Patients' demographic and clinical data recorded and analysed are the following: age, gender, previous ocular history, aetiology, symptoms onset, type of symptoms, discharge diagnosis, urgency and severity of diagnosis. RESULTS: OED consultations dropped from 20.6 ± 7.3 visits/day of the COVID-free period to 8.6 ± 4.6 visits/day of the COVID-period. In the COVID-period patients waited longer before physically going to the OED, lamented more vision loss and less redness and reported a higher percentage of traumatic events when compared to the COVID-free period. A significant reduction of ocular surface conditions occurred, while vitreo-retinal disorders increased. Overall, both urgency and severity of diagnosed diseases raised significantly in the COVID-period. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic drove a significant reduction of the overall OED activity. People with less urgent and milder conditions preferred to wait and endure their ocular discomfort for a few days rather than leaving home and risking to contract the infection. Our analysis highlights how several times the OED is used improperly by patients diagnosed with non-urgent disorders. A more accurate use of the OED would allow a reduction of management costs and the avoidance of overcrowding, which can lead to delays in the care of patients that really need assistance.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Ital J Pediatr ; 47(1): 217, 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the volume and the characteristics of pediatric eye emergency department (PEED) consultations performed at our tertiary eye center during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic and we compared them to those carried out in the same time interval of the previous three years. METHODS: Ophthalmic emergency examinations of patients aged ≤18 years old and done during the national COVID-19 lockdown (March 9th, 2020 - May 3rd, 2020) and in the corresponding date range of the previous three years (2017, 2018, and 2019) have been considered and reviewed. The following features were retrieved and analyzed: age, gender, duration and type of accused symptoms, traumatic etiology, and the discharge diagnosis. RESULTS: 136, 133, and 154 PEED visits have been performed respectively in 2017, 2018, and 2019, while 29 patients presented in 2020. Therefore, the volume of PEED activity decreased by 79.4% (p < 0.0001). Demographical and clinical characteristics were comparable to those of the pre-COVID period. Despite the absolute reduction in the number of traumas, urgent conditions increased significantly from 30.7 to 50.7% (p = 0.024). CONCLUSIONS: PEED activity decreased consistently after the onset of the pandemic and it was mainly attended by those children whose conditions required prompt assistance, reducing the number of patients diagnosed with milder pathologies. At the end of the emergency, better use of PEED could avoid overcrowding and minimize waste, allowing resource optimization for the management of urgent cases.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Oftalmopatias/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/transmissão , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Emergências , Oftalmopatias/diagnóstico , Oftalmopatias/terapia , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Eye (Lond) ; 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34345028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prospective DIabetes and CATaract Study II (DICAT II) was performed to characterise the risks of cataract surgery to the retinae of patients with early diabetic macular oedema (E-DMO). METHODS: DICAT II was a prospective, comparative, multicentre, observational study involving six Italian clinics. Patients were aged ≥55 years, had type 1 or 2 diabetes with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography evidence of ESASO classification Early DMO. Group 1 eyes (78 eyes, 78 patients) underwent phacoemulsification-based cataract surgery. Group 2 eyes (65 eyes, 65 patients) had E-DMO and either clear media or had undergone uncomplicated cataract surgery ≥1 year previously. Central subfield thickness (CST) and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were assessed in both groups. RESULTS: The negative impact of surgery on CST was evident after the first postoperative week; CST peaked during the first month, then rapidly decreased. CST worsening ≥10 µm was observed in 63/78 eyes (80.7%) and 29/65 eyes (44.6%) in Groups 1 and 2, respectively (p < 0.0001). CST worsening of ≥50 µm was observed in 51 eyes (65.4%) and 10 eyes (15.4%) in Groups 1 and 2, respectively (p < 0.0001). Mean CST worsening was lower in Group 2 than in Group 1 (38.6 ± 30.4 µm vs 85.5 ± 55.3 µm, p < 0.0001) with a lower BCVA loss (-2.6 ± 3.5 letters vs -8.2 ± 6.2 letters, p < 0.0001). Higher glycaemic levels and HBA1c levels were significantly associated with the risk of >50 µm CST worsening in eyes from both groups. CONCLUSION: Early DMO is associated with poorer outcomes after cataract surgery and requires close pre- and postoperative monitoring.

6.
Int Ophthalmol ; 41(11): 3861-3867, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297306

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the long-term visual outcomes of children with PCG, irrespective of the type of surgical procedure, and to create visual acuity curves to help in predicting the development of visual function in these patients. The secondary aim is to identify associated factors for visual decline or loss, highlighting differences between neonatal and infantile subgroups. METHODS: The medical records of pediatric glaucoma patients from 1996 to 2017 at the University Hospital of Verona (Verona, Italy) were retrospectively reviewed. Visual acuities, surgeries, PCG subtype and etiology of vision impairment were recorded. Statistical analyses were performed to detect factors associated with vision decline. RESULTS: Sixty-seven eyes (40 patients) were included in the study. Developmental predictive curves of visual acuity showed that children with infantile PCG had a better visual outcome than children with neonatal PCG at each step of follow-up. A good-to-moderate VA (< 1 LogMAR) was achieved in 56 eyes (83.6%), while 11 eyes (16.4%) had poor VA (≥ 1 LogMAR). The age at onset, sex, number of surgeries, intraocular pressure (IOP) control (with or without antiglaucoma drugs), axial length (AL) and corneal opacities were statistically associated with vision impairment (p < 0.01). The main cause of visual impairment was amblyopia. CONCLUSIONS: Visual outcomes of PCG significantly correlate with the age at diagnosis. Although a good long-term IOP control can often be achieved in PCG, often the visual acuity remains below the lower limits of the normal range. Poor vision in childhood is related to global developmental problems, and referral to third-level services should not be delayed to prevent vision impairment. In this regard, visual acuity curves can be a useful tool for the consultant ophthalmologist to define the visual development of children affected by PCG.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Trabeculectomia , Criança , Seguimentos , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pressão Intraocular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tonometria Ocular , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Clin Ophthalmol ; 15: 2127-2131, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34054291

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the incidence and clinical characteristics of retinal detachments (RDs) diagnosed in a tertiary eye emergency department (EED) during the COVID-19 pandemic and in the corresponding period of the previous 4 years. METHODS: EED consultations performed from February 21, 2020 (first national case of COVID-19 infection) to May 3, 2020 (end of lockdown imposed by national Government) and for the same date range of 2016-2019 (pre-COVID-19 period), and with a confirmed diagnosis of RD were collected and reviewed. The following demographical and clinical features have been analyzed: age, gender, etiology of RD, macular involvement, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and duration of experienced symptoms. RESULTS: Eighty-two subjects (20.5±1.0 eyes/year) were diagnosed with RD in the pre-COVID-19 period, compared to 12 patients in the COVID-19 period (-41.5%). During the pandemic, patients complained symptoms for a median of 8.5 days (IQR, 1.7-15 days) before the EED consultation, while in the pre-COVID-19 period, they declared they had been symptomatic for 2 days (IQR, 1-4 days) (p=0.037); macula-off RD raised from 56% to 75% and no one reported trauma as a triggering event. CONCLUSION: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the rate of RD diagnosed in our EED decreased significantly and patients waited longer before asking for an ophthalmologic examination. These findings are probably due to the fear of contracting the COVID-19 infection attending hospital environments. Even if emergency departments are often misused by people suffering non-urgent conditions, patients complaining of sudden visual loss, visual field defects, or phosphenes should always and promptly attend an EED visit to prevent a worse prognosis.

8.
Biomedicines ; 8(3)2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32121611

RESUMO

: Obesity adversely affects bone health by means of multiple mechanisms, e.g., alterations in bone-regulating hormones, inflammation, and oxidative stress. Substantial evidence supports the relationship between adiposity and bone disorders in overweight/obese individuals. It is well known that the balance between mutually exclusive differentiation of progenitor cells into osteoblasts or adipocytes is controlled by different agents, including growth factors, hormones, genetic and epigenetic factors. Furthermore, an association between vitamin D deficiency and obesity has been reported. On the other hand, regular physical activity plays a key role in weight control, in the reduction of obesity-associated risks and promotes osteogenesis. The aim of this review is to highlight relevant cellular and molecular aspects for over-weight containment. In this context, the modulation of progenitor cells during differentiation as well as the role of epigenetics and microbiota in obesity disease will be discussed. Furthermore, lifestyle changes including an optimized diet as well as targeted physical activity will be suggested as strategies for the treatment of obesity disease.

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