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J Genet Couns ; 28(2): 283-291, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30964580


Exome sequencing (ES) has revolutionized molecular diagnosis in children with genetic disease over the past decade. However, exome sequencing in the inpatient setting has traditionally been discouraged, in part due to an increased risk of providers failing to retrieve and act upon results, as many patients are discharged before results return. The development of rapid turn-around-times (TATs) for genomic testing has begun to shift this paradigm. Rapid exome sequencing (rES) is increasingly being used as a diagnostic tool for critically ill infants with likely genetic disease and presents significant challenges to execute. We implemented a program, entitled the Rapid Inpatient Genomic Testing (RIGhT) project, to identify critically ill children for whom a molecular diagnosis is likely to change inpatient management. Two important goals of the RIGhT project were to provide appropriate genetic counseling, and to develop protocols to ensure efficient test coordination- both of which relied heavily on laboratory and clinic-based genetic counselors (GCs). Here, rES was performed on 27 inpatient trios from October 2016 to August 2018; laboratory and clinical GCs encountered significant challenges in the coordination of this testing. The GCs involved retrospectively reviewed these cases and identified three common challenges encountered during pretest counseling and coordination. The aim of this paper is to define these challenges using illustrative case examples that highlight the importance of including GCs to support rES programs.

Am J Med Genet A ; 179(5): 842-845, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30828993


We describe a neonate with severe respiratory failure due to acinar dysplasia found by rapid exome sequencing (rES), to have a deletion containing the TBX4 gene. rES can affect patient management in the intensive care unit and should be considered in concert with lung biopsy in neonates with undifferentiated respiratory failure.

Am J Hum Genet ; 104(2): 213-228, 2019 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30639323


Primary defects in lung branching morphogenesis, resulting in neonatal lethal pulmonary hypoplasias, are incompletely understood. To elucidate the pathogenetics of human lung development, we studied a unique collection of samples obtained from deceased individuals with clinically and histopathologically diagnosed interstitial neonatal lung disorders: acinar dysplasia (n = 14), congenital alveolar dysplasia (n = 2), and other lethal lung hypoplasias (n = 10). We identified rare heterozygous copy-number variant deletions or single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) involving TBX4 (n = 8 and n = 2, respectively) or FGF10 (n = 2 and n = 2, respectively) in 16/26 (61%) individuals. In addition to TBX4, the overlapping ∼2 Mb recurrent and nonrecurrent deletions at 17q23.1q23.2 identified in seven individuals with lung hypoplasia also remove a lung-specific enhancer region. Individuals with coding variants involving either TBX4 or FGF10 also harbored at least one non-coding SNV in the predicted lung-specific enhancer region, which was absent in 13 control individuals with the overlapping deletions but without any structural lung anomalies. The occurrence of rare coding variants involving TBX4 or FGF10 with the putative hypomorphic non-coding SNVs implies a complex compound inheritance of these pulmonary hypoplasias. Moreover, they support the importance of TBX4-FGF10-FGFR2 epithelial-mesenchymal signaling in human lung organogenesis and help to explain the histopathological continuum observed in these rare lethal developmental disorders of the lung.

PLoS One ; 4(4): e5409, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19404403


BACKGROUND: Generation of robust cell-mediated immune responses at mucosal surfaces while reducing overall inflammation is a primary goal for vaccination. Here we report the use of a recombinant nanoparticle as a vaccine delivery platform against mucosal infections requiring T cell-mediated immunity for eradication. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We encapsulated an immunogenic protein, the major outer membrane protein (MOMP) of Chlamydia muridarum, within hollow, vault nanocapsules (MOMP-vaults) that were engineered to bind IgG for enhanced immunity. Intranasal immunization (i.n) with MOMP-vaults induced anti-chlamydial immunity plus significantly attenuated bacterial burden following challenge infection. Vault immunization induced anti-chlamydial immune responses and inflammasome formation but did not activate toll-like receptors. Moreover, MOMP-vault immunization enhanced microbial eradication without the inflammation usually associated with adjuvants. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Vault nanoparticles containing immunogenic proteins delivered to the respiratory tract by the i.n. route can act as "smart adjuvants" for inducing protective immunity at distant mucosal surfaces while avoiding destructive inflammation.

Vacinas Bacterianas/administração & dosagem , Imunidade nas Mucosas/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Animais , Antígenos de Bactérias/administração & dosagem , Antígenos de Bactérias/uso terapêutico , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/administração & dosagem , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/uso terapêutico , Chlamydia muridarum/imunologia , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Imunidade nas Mucosas/imunologia , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Resultado do Tratamento